Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on February 20, 1941 · Page 23
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 23

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Thursday, February 20, 1941
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t^3& PUBLIC ARIZIT No. 278, Phoenix, Arizona - -.. T.J i.y-3* Today 22 Page * 112 N. CENTRAL AVE. TELEPHONE 3-1111 Thursday Morning, February 20,1941 GREECE Senators Back Aid lo Britain Recess Is T BodyRi Cold Wave Captures North, Blasts South (By Associated Press) ! TV yriDWINTER cold besieged the North yesterday and i VI pushed on toward the South. A huge mass of Arctic air, accompanied by subzero temperatures at many points, stretched from Western Canada to Michigan with n o break of consequence in prospect until Saturday at the earliest. Forecasters predicted the frigid! Across the border. Devils Lake front would move south and east. N. D., recorded 30 below and Heavy snow began falling in ~ ----Northern and Central Arkansas at noon. Chill rains and snow were forecast for all the southeastern states except Florida together with subfreezing conditions in the northern reaches of Dixie, and frosty weather as far south as the gulf coast. Strong winds buffeted New England although thermometers there Bemidji, Minn.; 27 below. Watertown, S. D., reported minus 22; and Decorah, la., minus 17. Wisconsin's range included Milwaukee's seven below and Eau Claire's 20 below. Chicago, festooned with icicles, saw the mercury column shrink to five below at 8 a. in. and heard that no relief was expected for at least two days. Frrsh snow descended on Kansas and Western Nebraska and more luns Out Of Speakers f ASHINGTON, Feb. 19— (AP)—Three southern senators backed the lease- lend bill today, and one of them. Bailev, D e m o c r a t, ... «, ,• ' -4o,i <h=i tho remained at normal winter levels. Kartttarolina. asserted that the |Buffa , 0i N y wag rakpd by a _ __ Utmost help should be given io, n ]ow of more than 40 milps perjwas in sight. i Enelinfleven'if the ultimate result 'hour. New York City expected an, Alaska, meanwhile, enjoyed a J~L r j overnight low of about 15 above, i balmy spell. Nome, for instance . v „;„* <»,ic iniprvpntinn The stin & in C s P e " of the Yukon j had a reading of 31 above and 1|U ? ?n wnr^'he told a sud" j!. OVCrPd OVPr most of Western even BarrowV high was eight de- maynotinean«ar, he told a sua Canada. The lowest reading was prees on the comfortable side of ffiStei.™anTreZ to tt ' : | 49 belmv * l Prin e Alher '' Sa?k - " he zp ™ ™ rl <Great Britain is standing virtually alone against a combination of forces whose one purpose is world revolution, he said. And if Britain falls, he added, America, "& lone republic in a totalitarian world," -will be in peril. Hea Made For Action •Are we capable," he asked. •pacing his words to give them • ' "of sitting here as a Strike Threat Made In Big Steel Plant (By Associated Press) m — „ — * THREAT of a strike in a defense plant employing 14,000 men mjTcountry—we as°senators and j was voiced yesterday by Philip Murray, Congress of Industrial Orthe custodians of the security of j ganizations president, a short time after William S. Knudsen had that country-^are we capable of •, told a house committee that labor difficulties had not seriously ham- jitting here with money and guns ___ pered the defense program. and planes and ships,, saying we i Murrav who aUo is chairman of iSi^bfc^K'i^U.'UllllOp Vnfrp"«mi«^n&W lake the chance of being the vie- illUUoC Y U I C O ™ Wash7n"ton that unless they tiro of a totalitarian triumph in ! were •'DreDa?ed to see "that the •hick the world will he divided |T . 1 Bethlehem P |teel Companv "difcin? imon^tnree nations not one of; I l|| 3 |11 TT1 011 <S V tinups ils unla "' ful and °iscrimina- which has ever cared for the Ull Qll 1111 U U O 1 J tory" practices, the companv's |tignU of men? | •* : Lackawanna, N. Y., plant would "be The day was devoted to speeches, ¥^ f\ 1^1 closed. inited people. Runs Out Of Speakers Late in the afternoon, the sen- ite ran out of speakers who were irepared to go ahead with their iddnsses and Senator Berkley of Kentucky, majority leader, proposed that the senate proceed to iction on amendments offered by ihe foreign relations committee. Jpponents of the bill objected that here had not been sufficient time tor consideration, and the senate wen recessed until tomorrow. 'On behalf of the administration eadership,'Senator Byrnes, Demo-, trat, South Carolina, had proposed! • substitute for one of the com-! mittee amendments which he con- ' tended clarified the language with- i Hit changing the intent Refers To Destroyers Quick Action Taken On Request Of. Navy Heads WASHINGTON. Feb. 19—(AP)— A plan to develop naval outposts at Guam and Samoa won speedy and unanimous house approval today after the navy's high command recommended strongly that any protest by Japan against the Guam project be "totally disregarded". In sharp contrast to the furor created at two past sessions when the house rejected requests for harbor development funds .for Guam, there was not •* word of protest when the item went i man I"". " f director of the Qf- Production .Management. -„ appropriations or con-j -- authorizations before the! kj COU ' S send war goods wrou applied to equipment now mftand and particularly to the ™»er of additional destroyers to •j iT ntain - Bvr n«:' substitute »«e it specific that no such limi- attai was imposed, and he argued] Ml such was the original intent! " the committee amendment, vandenberg, Republican, disagreed. tn»r~ii"1?' ^d "' np democracies ""a all hang together or they SLl'ns separately." He thusj wapbrased Benjamin Franklin's aremark to John Hancock, Wien the Declaration of In- ence was signed. Charges Denounced rest, he - denounced as jj-uuus and mischevious" the ™Trepeatedly made by the op- wlBbm that the measure would " President a dictator, r-' «t said, was it a "war ffld_assertions of that nature ~~ "upon the sincerity lent and upon his oft to keep his speech with of the foreign situa- ItiTir " e saw it—the axis ready EnS """utaneously against laan * against Gibraltar, Suez .Upprc. The axis nations. Believed that "the state is ",; man is nothing" while itain historically and to- ""iys stood for the rights e British lion, he said, an ally and at bay." iced the United States. >: it could sit hack and and let world events IT course, or it could pass lm " bill and give its ma• Britain and "take its Ike like opment program. The measure now goes to the senate. Japanese Denounced Unusual criticism of the Japanese as individuals developed on the house floor during the relatively brief debate. While Representative Faddis. Democrat, Pennsylvania, was urging a strong United States policy toward Japan. Rppresonta- .tive Gore, Democrat, Tennessee, arose and interrupted: "I am glad the gentleman is paying his respects to those scrubby, contemptible, squint-eyed sons of •the rising sun." In approving the legislation, the house gave its first, formal sanction to the acquisition of the Atlantic base sites from Britain in the now historic exchange of 50 destroyers. The bill included authorization for expenditure of $66,050,000 for development of the navy's share of the outposts. Need Of Bases Stressed Representative Maas, Republican, Minnesota, senior minority member of the naval committee, told the house in response to questions that "forever more, so long as the United States is a nation, we will have bases in these islands." In the deal with Britain, the United States was promised 93- year leases on the sites. As debate on the bill opened. Chairman Vinson, Democrat, Georgia, of the naval committee, presented to the house letters from Frank Knox, secretary of war, and Adm. Harold R. Stark, chief of naval operations, calling specifically for approval of the 54,700,000 item for Guam to make the harbor safe for patrol planes and surface vessels and to provide bombproof shelters for some of the naval personnel and the island's vital communications centers. - Packed Found - Feb. 19-(AP) warning to children to s in the streets was is.--—'K Taylor, police chief. •» authorities investigated """•ws surrounding the dis- IM, : , paeked was found hv a man was not disclosed, and 17 Taylor said ' ex P' od ed and maimed pupil hpre las t Oc- Ta >' lor ^pressed t - thp Pencil found had been "planted" Germany Loses 3,101 Planes LONDON, Feb. 19— (INS)— The German air force has lost 8,101 planes and more than 7,000 aviators since the raids against England began, it was authoritatively stated today. Of the 7,000 in personnel, fewer than 1,000 German airmen are In Interment camps, in dicating the Nazis have only one chance in seven of surviving if shot down, it was said. This figure excludes an unknown number brought down by naval ships and merchantmen off the coasts. British losses In and around Britain were 851 planes. A total of 427 pilots were saved, according to the spokesman. stood thr company had employed deputy sheriffs, private police and a "large number of professional strike breakers." In Buffalo. N. Y.. a national labor board official declared the steel committee had filed charges against Bethlehem in connection with the alleged "lockout" Knudsen, director of the production office, made hit assertion concerning labor trouble* while testifying before the house judiciary committee in Washington. During the same appearance he expressed the view that the four-week-old strike at the Allis-Chalmers plant in Milwaukee would be settled tomorrow. Conferences in Milwaukee brought no signs of an agreement, however. Company officials and representative' of the ClO-United Auto Workers continued discussions which have been going on almost continuously since the strike began. A truce was worked out in Washington Saturday but company and union have interpreted it differently. Other Labor Disputes These other labor disputes were reported in other cities \esterday: Chicago—CIO union members were voting whether to strike against the McCormick works of the International Harvester Company. About 6.000 employed there. M'iami. Fla.—George M. Harrison, president of the Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, said the results of a strike vote involving 14 railroad unions would be tabulated in Washington March 28. At issue is the question whether the workers should receive two-week vacations with pay. Nazi Raiders Bomb London LONDON, Feb. 20—(Thursday)— (AP)—German ^aiders, attacking singly in the face of heavy antiaircraft fire and rough snowy weather, dropped scores of incen- diarv bombs OP one London district last "night and scattered high explosives on another. Shops and houses were damaged and some persons were injured, but the fires were extinguished quickly. Before 11 p. m.. the "raiders passed" signal sounded. Antiaircraft guns on the southeast coast were in action against a long procession of raiders. Heavy explosions were heard inland from the channel shore. Snow flurries and bumpy weather didn't stop the attackers. Finally, night fighters went up to engage the planes crossing the channel. . One coastal town received a shower of incendiaries and high explosive bombs. In sporadic daylight raids, the Germans bombed northern and eastern areas, causing a few casualties and some damage. —o Cardinal To Rest BERLIN, Feb. 19-<INS>—The archbishop of Munich, Cardinal Faulhaber, will leave Germany within a few days to accept the Pope's invitation to recuperate from his seven-month illness at the pappi summer residence Castel Gandolfo. - •«**>. Singapore Ready To MeetToes Asia Air Power Is Dominated By Britain S INGAPORE, Feb. 19 — (AP)—British, Australian, Malayan and Indian regiments stood in strength in Malaya tonight, manning the mighty bastion of Singapore to meet any spread of the war in the Pacific, and by bringing in heavy reinforcements of warplanes the British appeared also to have seized the balance of air power in Southeastern Asia. The irrepressible Australians, who arrived yesterday in singing thousands after a 3,000-mile trip under convoy, took up their stations along with fellow imperial troops at every vital position in Malaya and the already mobilized civil defense units—including the 1 Chinese—prepared to do their part. i Trained Shock Troops Maj. Gen. Gordon Bennett, the Australian commander, who brought a wholly-equipped force dependent upon Malaya only for food and fuel, told the people here that his men were trained shock troops, and added: "Your war is our war. Should any enemv come this way, Australia will be there!" Sir Shenton Thomas, governor of the Straits Settlements, said the Australians were here for defense and not attack, and their arrival "need not cause anxiety in any of our neighbors." "But," he went on, "if attacked we shall fight." Tokyo Sees Crisis In Tokyo, Japanese observers charged that Britain is trying to create a crisis in the Far East: in Shanghai a Japanese army spokesman described the Australians' arrival at Singapore as "a belligerent action" intended to put pressure on Thailand (Siam), "which is co-operating with Japan Nazis Bomb British Tank R OME, Feb. 19—(AP) — Formidable masses of British tanks and armored cars—poised as though for a final thrust into Western Libya—are being assaulted by German dive-bombers, official Italian reports said tonight. Italians see in the report of the new concentration an indication that the British intend to sweep on into Tripolitania from Cir- enaica, the eastern part of Libya, where Gen. Sir Archibald P. Wavell's Imperial Army of the Nile has established itself. Only the besieged Italian garrison of Giarabub, an oasis town 100 miles inland from the sea, is holding out in Cirenaica. The Italians report thp British forces about the oasis outnumber the defending garrison by 10 to one, with constant increases. The Nazi bombing of the mechanized masse* was reported to have had "excellent results" and other German hoinhers were said to have swept over a British bane on the North African shore (identified in Berlin as Bengasi), attacking ships in the harbor and the harbor works themselves. Giarabub, the beleaguered oasis, is only 30 miles from the Egyptian frontier. in bringing a new order into the Far East" Saigon, Indo-China, received unconfirmed reports that two flotillas of the Japanese navy were in the Gulf of Siam—one off the mouth of the Menan river leading to Bangkok, Thailand; the other on the eastern side of the gulf near the Thailand-Indo-China border. Farther to the south lies Singapore itself—the largest British naval base in the Pacific. Destroyers at Bangkok Bangkok reported that four Japanese destroyers were or had been there; at least three Japanese cruisers are known to have been in Indo-China waters in recent days. The Tokyo newspaper Asahi asserted that British action in laying mine fields in the area of Singapore and American steps to strengthen naval stations at Guam and Samoa "show that, instead of trying to prevent war in the Pacific, the United States and Britain are actually crisis." In Saigon, official said, "We are not informed that the Australians have arrived adding fuel to the a Japanese military in Singapore." Despite this avowed ignorance, however, there was noticeable concern in Saigon. Japanese naval, military and civilian officials dashed about upon hurried errands and consultations. Japanese sailors were sticking close to their posts not wandering about as they had been. Let Your Budget Solve Your Money Worries TV/TAKE a practical budget, x consistent with your income and your expenditures, and abide by it. Do this and you will find relief from your financial problems. THE HOUSEHOLD BUDGET BOOKLET, 1941, will tell you how your income should be apportioned as to rent, food, clothing, recreation, savings—there are model budgets for every income group. Simple, helpful facts that anyone can understand. A ruled accounting page for every month; printed on special paper to preserve either ink or pencil records. Keeping a budget is a right idea. Order youri copy of this excellent booklet today. Use This Coupon — Arizona Republic Information Bureau Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. I enclose herewith 10 CENTS in coin (carefully wrapped in paper) for a copy of the HOUSEHOLD BUDGET BOOKLET, 1941. Name ....!.... Street or Rural Route City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.) Britain Plans RejectionOf Japan Peace Action IsDecided After Talks With U. S. LONDQN, Feb. 19—(UP>—Britain, after consultation with the United States, will reject a Japanese peace proposal which has been received from Tokyo, it was understood tonight. The contents of the Japanese note already have been made known to the United States, it was understood, and Viscount Halifax, British ambassador in Washington, will confer with the department of state before this country's reply is sent to Tokyo. Anthony Eden, foreign secretary, 'now Is studying the Japanese communication, -signed by Yosuke Matsuoka. foreign minister, and is outlining; a general statement of the British attitude towards Japan's suggestion that the whole world situation is capable of mediation and that London and Washington, therefore, should cease their military preparations in the Far East. R. A. Butler, parliamentary undersecretary for foreign affairs, revealed in the house of commons Ihis evening that the government is studying the message from Matsuoka, couched in courteous terms and following the lines of a statement by Koh Ishii, Japanese spokesman, in Tokyo Tuesday that Japan stands for peace and is prepared to mediate anywhere in the world in an effort to restore normal cbnditions. Informants mid that the promptness with which Berlin yesterday rejected a proposal identical to that received by the British,from the Japanese foreign minister was regarded here as an indication that Germany had been informed in advance of Tokyo's offer. Matsuoka, informants understood, questioned the need for British and American military preparations in the Far East and io this Eden will reply that all the British preparations are "purely defensive." Bomber Strikes Tower f Two Die Fascists Routed By Ethiopians Selassie Troops Drive Toward Addis Ababa Feb. 19— (UP)— V-' Ethiopian tribesmen led by British officers have driven to within 150 miles of Addis Ababa, capturing En- jabara, south of Lake Tana, and routing 9,000 Italians including crack Blackshirt units known as "Mussolini's pride," military dispatches said tonight. In their greatest victory since the Ethiopian uprising under Haile Selassie's red-green-gold banner, Go- jjam warriors were reported barely 50 miles from the big Italian base of Debra Marcos which is the gateway to Addis Ababa from the north. Capture Reported Today's war communique of the British Middle-East command announced the capture of Enjabara "with many prisoners" and gave full credit to the Ethiopian "pa triots" determined to wipe ou Benito Mussolini's 1936 conquest o their country and restore the bearded Selassie in Addis Ababa a "the King of Kings." The communique said the Italian; abandoned their post at Piccoli Abbai, just south of Lake Tana and the source of the Blue Nile i after losing the caravan junction of Danghela, which is 40 mile north of Enjabara. The 9,000 Italians routed from Danghela, Piccolo Abbai and Enjabara were reported falling back to Addis Ababa by way of Debra Marcos,• capital of flojjam province. It is connected with Addis Ababa by a good motor road and from the Italian base another highway runs northeast into Eritrea where British Empire forces are laying siege to the railroad town of Keren, just northwest of the Eritrean capital of Asmara. To the south, Britain's South African land, and air forces were driving deeper into Ethiopia east o: Italians Fire On Own Men Greek Aid A THENS, Feb. 19—(AP) /v A Greek government spokesman asserted tonight that members of an Italian company retreating on the Albanian front were fired on t their own comrades and forced to return to their line. This claim was made withou amplification, along with a state ment that during the day's fighting Greek troops ousted the Fascist from two fortified villages and took 300 prisoners, including a lieuten ant-colonel and six subalterns along with important quantities o materials. (These reported successes ap parently do not material! change the long-static battle line 'io\vever.) Through yesterday and today, the spokesman added, the Italians loosed three counterattacks after long artillery preparation, all "easily repulsed by our men, who inflicted heavy losses on the enemy." Intense bombing activity b; Greek aircraft also was reported In that connection impressivi evidence of Britain's air aid to Greece has been seen over Athens in the past few days in the appear ance of fighter planes. By Britain „ __epe .. Lake Rudolf in the Mega region A communique issued at Nairobi Kenya, reported heavy, and widespread Royal Air Force aerial attacks on Italian forces steadily retreating before the British blows in both Italian Somaliland and Southern Ethiopia. Jan Yindrich, United Press correspondent on the Ethiopian battlefront, reportea Gojjam Ethiopian tribesmen were pursuing the 9,000 Italian troops deeper into inner Ethiopia, mercilessly attacking them with rifie and machine-gun fire from hills, rocks and trees commanding mountain gorges. Little Hope Of Escape 'It was indicated here that the Italians had little hope of escape as an organized body and that their defeat meant the loss by Italy ol a big section of West-Central Ethiopia," Yindrich reported in a dispatch from Khartoum, the headquarters of Haile Selassie. A British-Sudanese force was pushing toward the important town of Gondar, 25 miles north of Lake Tana and 90 miles from Gallabat on the Sudan border. No mention was made in today's communique of the situation in North Africa. A Royal Air Force communique tiowever, reported German planes had again attacked the captured Italian base of Bengasi Monday and yesterday but that Australian fighter planes had beaten off the attack, shooting down two enemy planes and damaging several others so badly they probably were unable to reach their base. One British bomber was lost. EL PASO, Tex., A bombing plane, Feb. 19—(AP) en route from of the jrporatiqn, the. ship. Burbank, Calif., for delivery to the Bfitish air force, struck a radio ower and crashed shortly after 1:30 p. m. here today, killing both pilots. , . The accident occurred during a ligh wind whipping across Municipal Airport. The pilots, employes Lockheed Aircraft Cor] were thrown clear of which was destroyed by fire. Bodies of the pilots were removed to a mortuary. The ship was described as a Hudson bomber. It was one of 10 which cleared through El Paso today en route east for delivery to ;he British. The pilots were identified as Michael Guglielmetti and Robert McKee, both of Burbank. o Wage Hike Granted SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 19— —A wage increase of five cents per hour for straight time and 10 cents for overtime was granted Pacific coast longshoremen today by the Waterfront Employers Association, effective at midnight tomorrow. Solons Approve New Scout Cars WASHINGTON, Feb. 19—(AP)— Two members of congress participated in a demonstration today of the maneuverability of the army's new midget scout cars by riding up the steps to the house wing of the capitol in one of the tiny machines. Senator Mead, Democrat. New York, and Representative Thomas, Republican, New Jersey, made the breathtaking trip, accompanied by three sergeants from a District of Columbia National Guard unit now in federal service. "Those machines could climb a greased pole," gulped Thomas after the demonstration. "My heart was in my mouth." Roosevelt Signs Debt Limit Bill WASHINGTON, Feb. 19— AP)—Legislation raising: the- federal debt limit to $65,000,000,000 and making future government securities fully taxable became law today with President Roosevelt's signature. It is effective March 1. The former debt limit was $15,000,000.000, plus a $4,000.000,000 authority for defense borrowing. France Seen Ready To Wage War On Britain Nation May .Yielc Strong Nazi Pressure To PARIS, Feb. 12—(Delayed, via Berlin^—(UP)—A prominent for mer official of the French govern ment asserted today that France "i at the point of fighting agams Great Britain," probably in thi Mediterranean, as the result o strong German demands. (The "former official" appar ed to be Pierre Laval, who is known to favor France's reentry into the war on Germany's side and whose ouster as French vice-premier on December precipitated a serious crisis in French-German relations which remains unsolved.) Name Withheld The French informant would not permit use of his name but it can be stated that he is a reliably informed individual who formerly held an-important position in the Vichy government. Jacques Doribt, Paris editor and staunch supporter of Pierre Laval, meanwhile called for a close tente between France and Spain because "the presence of Britain at Gibraltar is a threat against both French and Spanish freedom in the Mediterranean." The French navy finds itself by force of circumstances at the point of fighting against Britain," said Doriot in almost the same words as the former French official. The prediction that France may take up arms again, this time against her former ally, followed an assertion yesterday by Pierre Laval that "things are progressing toward an ultimate solution of France's problem." Stalemate Stressed Laval spoke of the impending solution of the French-German stalemate in connection with Marshal Henri Philippe Petain's action in naming Adm. Jean Francois Darlan as his "political heir," the position Layal once held, and as vice-premier, foreign minister and minister of interior. (Darlan was in Paris Wednesday (February 19) seeking a.so- lution to the French-German situation and, according to unconfirmed reports in Vichy may offer Laval the post of interior minister if the latter will return to the Vichy government.) o Arizona Gets Showers, Hail (By Associated Press) Scattered sections of Arizona received rains yesterday, while a heavy hailstorm brought stones the ize of small marbles west of Casa Jrande. The hail remained on the ground ike snow for several hours four miles west of Casa Grande, while the town itself received rain. The torm damaged some trees. A severe thunderstorm brought 74 of an inch of precipitation at Cingman. At Ash Fork .32 of an nch of rain fell up to yesterday riorning and showers during the ay boosted the reading .02 of an nch. Two inches of snow fell at VIcNary. ' An overnight storm in the Salt liver valley sent the moisture eading to .14 of an inch and light bowers fell in Phoenix during the ay. The U. S. weather bureau pre- icted cloudiness with occasional howers in Arizona for today and omorrow.. Germany Draft New Yugoslav Treaty (Additional War Stories, Page 8). ISTANBUL, Feb. 20— 1 (Thursday)—(UP)—Neutral diplomats said early today they were convinced that Greece, under German pressure, was on the verge of submitting to peace with Italy. Therr was nothing to indicats, however, that negotiations had begun on armistice terms or that formal German demands had yet been served on the Athens government. Any British aid rushed to Greece from North Africa, these diplomats said, probably will be too late to * bolster the Greeks j enough to permit them to refuse the German pressure. The German army, it was said, may overrun all of Greece except Crete and the other British-held islands. In this manner, it was speculated, Adolf Hitler would seek • to deliver a coup de grace to Britain in the Balkans. Turkish authoritative quarters last night denied that any Turkish troops had been withdrawn from the Bulgarian frontier, despite the new Turkish-Bulgarian accord . of nonaggressian. These quarters recalled that.lt has teen repeatedly pointed out that the Turkish military concentrations along the frontier have been directed agahist a German menace rather than against- Bulgaria. Thev also described as "ridiculous" all reports tha'. the accord with Bulgaria serves to nullify Turkey's mutual aid pact with Britain. NEW PACT PLANNED SOFIA, Feb. 20—(Thursday)— (UP)—A joint declaration of non- aggression by Yugoslavia and Bulgaria, instigated by Adolf Hitler, is expected to be announced within a few days and make more acute the position of Greece and her British ally, authoritative sources said last night. The declaration, it was said, will be almost identical to the Bulgarian-Turkish statement of. Monday which served to "neutralize" Turkey and open the way lor a German push across Bulgaria to drive the British: from their Balkan foothold in; Greece. The linking of Yugoslavia to ths Turkish-Bulgarian accord of friendship and nonaggression would encircle Greece with a network of Nazi influence and enable Hitler to enforce his reported demands that Greece submit to a "quick peace" with Italy under threat of 'Nazi invasion. BRITAIN PLANS ACTION • LONDON, Feb. 20—(Thursday)-(UP)— Britain may seek to trans- ' fer formidable land and air forces into Greece before Adolf Hitler can consolidate his Balkan diplomacy and move to force the Greeks into a dictated peace with Italy, it was intimated in British quarters last night. Determined to keep their foothold in the Balkans, the British were reported in informed British quar- :ers to be preparing to fight It out against the Germans on Greek territory, if necessary. A canvass of Balkan envoys revealed growing belief that-it may je a month or six weeks before jermany's Balkan army occupies Bulgaria and moves against Greece. In the meantime, it was suggested. Hitler's army and air forces now established in Rumania may be used as a club for political pressure against Greece, Bulgaria and Turkey, seeking further concessions to the axis. If this pause occurs, it wm» pointed out, Britain will be able to transfer from the African front substantial forces of troops and planes to Greece, . as well as supplies and equipment. • Balkan diplomats in London said they believed Hitler's next move would be to increase and speed up German aid to Italy in the form of more German planes, troops, staff officers and technicians and elaborate German co-operation in "re- orsranizino-" th» Tfaiiar, 3 ™,-j rganizing 1 orces. the Italian armed Belief appeared to be growing in London that Greece and Britain were preparing to turn the Greek jeninsula into'a battleground if litler attempts to occup " ^jy ry and drive the British ~uropean continent. the coun- off the PACT EFFECT MINIMIZED ISTANBUL. Turkey, Feb. 19 AP)—The Turkish press insisted onight that the Turkish-Bulgarian nonaggression agreement in no way affected Turkey's relations with Greece and Britain, and that Bulgaria would attempt to prevent any- German march tpwardf Greec*.

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