LENOX fttffi fAfiL& LENOX IOWA Packard (D Hitler Realms Rhineland ; Other Nations Protest dogs of war were Senators In Washington who expressed any opinion were unanimous In saying that the United must b et their chains, but those chains, mcn tg being forged In England, seemed likely to stand the p owcr pt an< , .t TVA strain. Relchsfueh- ™ wer ™ ns ot 1 VA rer Hitler brought Blocked by Court on the new crisis pLANS to furnish TVA power to by his abrupt and •* the city of Knoxvllle, Tenn., un- dramatlc action In der a project to be financed with denouncing the Lo- PWA funds were blocked by a tero- carno treaty and I porary restraining order Issued by remilitarizing the | the District of Columbia Supreme Court. Free Rein for Al Smith in Party Convention J AMBS J. PARLEY, chairman of the Democratic national committee, let It be known that the party chieftains would make no effort to keep Al Smith out of the national convention in Philadelphia If he Is elected a delegate and presents proper credentials. And once he Is seated, there will be no attempt to keep him from speaking his mind. Administration leaders, It was represented, believe Mr. Roosevelt will dominate the convention so completely that no attack by Smith or anyone else on the New Deal can have any considerable effect Heroic Army Aviator Killed in Crash National Topics Interpreted by William Bruckart National Prtit Building- TWa«hln«ton, 1>. C. Washington. — President Roosevelt has very neatly called th ,, . n bluff of his critic Mot Potato that he Is wast for Congress log billions from the treasury and doing nothing, to replace It. With much less ballyhoo than ordinarily precedes the presentation of tax Rhineland. He first Informed the ambassadors of the I ftlon of the Tennessee Public Serv- countries signatory 'ee company which contended Its to the pact os to $4,000,000 Investment In Knoxvllle what he Intended, would be and then delivered a ringing speech worthless, ^ In the hastily summoned relchstag, brought cheaper power Into the city. Adolf Hitler The order was granted on the pe- rendered practically If the government IBUT. ROBMRT K. GIOVAN- legislation to congress, the Presi- JL-/ NOLI of Lexington, Ky., hero dent sent a message to the Capl- of the spectacular bombing plane to1 calling for new tax levies ap- crash during army tests at Dayton, Proximatlng a billion dollars In Ohio, last October, was killed In a F leld and 1" so doing dropped Into crackup of his army plane at Logan ' ne l fl P s °* the house and senate field, Baltimore. | critics one of the hottest potatoes eloquently defending his action. Also In the District Supreme At the same time Hitler was send- I court, 66 producers of soft coal nt- Ing Into the formerly demilitarized I tacked the Guffey coal control act strip along the Rhine some 25,000 as unconstitutional In its entirety troops of all arms. This he declared on the ground that It Invades the was a "symbol!*" army, and In his rights of the states and deprives public utteran«es be asserted that Producers of their property without Germany was not thus making o d ue process of law. warlike move and did not desire war, but was determined to defend Koki Hirota Forms New herself. He upheld his unilateral abrogation of the Locarno treaty on the ground that France had already violated It by making a mu- Glovannoli's single seated pursuit ' ne y have ever been called upon to plane lost Its right wing coming out handle. If one were to characterize of a glide and hurtled down In a M* 6 P'°y 'n the language of base- crazy spin from an altitude of less ball > 8lnc 6 spring Is here, I believe than 500 feet It rolled over after | on e could say that congress either must play ball or let the runners score. Lieutenant Glovannoll was award- I It was the greatest tax bill ever ed a medal for his heroism In res- submitted In peace time. Whether cuing two men from the flaming the proposals the President has wreckage of the Boeing flying for- made are economically sound or tress after It crashed during the whether the levies he thinks ad- army bomber tests at Wright field, vlsable will do the Job he expects hitting the landing field and was demolished. More Than a Billion for U. S. Defense of them, of course, remains to be seen. But toe fact cannot be dodged that Mr. Roosevelt bos figuratively tual assistance agreement with Russia, which pact Is pending In the French senate. To show his desire for peace, he offered a plan which Includes: A demilitarized strip of German, French and Belgian land; a 25-year non-aggression treaty among Germany, France and Bel- glum, with Great Britain and Italy *s guarantors; Inclusion of the Netherlands In a system of pacts; an air pact with the western powers; a non-aggression pact with Germany's eastern neighbors, including Lithuania; and return of Germany to the League of Nations after her equality is established and her sovereignty restored. Reaction In the capitate of En- rope was quick and In some cases almost violent. Premier Albert Sarraut of France appealed te the League of Nations, asking that sanctions against Germany be applied. He also called a meeting of the signatories to the Locarno pact In a radio address he warned Hitler that France would not stand for bis action, and asserted that the relchsfuehrer's new plan was not at all acceptable. Meanwhile there was Intense military activity along the eastern frontier, and within n few hours the Maginot line, that wonderful system of border fortifications built since the World war, was completely manned. Italy's position in this squabble was interesting. Called on by France to support the protest against Germany, Mussolini took full advantage of the situation to get all he could for his own cause. He promised to stand by France and uphold the Locarno pact if the league would slacken the sanctions that were Imposed, on Italy as a result of her Ethiopian adventure. Poland gave assurance that she would carry out faithfully her obligations under the Franco-Polish accord; and the nations of the little entente not only promised support but warned France that if she did not bring Germany to time they might be Cabinet for Japan HIROTA, former foreign minister, formed a new minis- forced to abandon with France. their alliance Now It devolved on Great Britain, .,..,,..«. real arblt er of peace or war, to de||P fine her stand, for France deinand- u - c * ed full support In return for the assurances she had given when trouble Impended In the Mediterranean. The British statesmen refused to get excited over the affair and it was left to Capt. Anthony Eden, youthful foreign secretary, to set forth his government's position. After consultation with Prime Minister Baldwin and others of the cabinet, Eden appeared before the house of commons and declared that any attack on France or Bel- -gium In violation of the Locarno . treaty would force Great Britain to go to their assistance. He added, however, that he was thankful to say there was no reason to suppose "the present German action implies « threat of hostilities." Eden said he had already protested to Ambassador Von Hoesch against the military re-occupation of the Uhlneland, telling him the effect on British public opinion would be : deplorable. "The abrogation ol the Locarno pact and the occupation of the dev mllltarlzed zone," declared Eden, -*h4ve profoundly shaken confidence |-|n any engagement In which Ger|l»any may In the future enter. It " is a severe blow at the prln- 'of the sanctity of treaties [which underlies the whole structure | international relations." Eden Indicated Great Britain was 'JUng to consider Relchsfnehrer [tier's proposals for new peace pyenants. Joined Franc* In the ap- to the League of Nations, and of the league council try for Japan and submitted the names to the emperor. He, besides being premier, takes the foreign minister's p o r t- folio. Lieut Gen. Count Juichl Ta- rauchi Is put in as minister of war and Admiral Osami Nagano as minister of navy. Military leaders Insisted that Hirota "show a proper recognition of the KoW Hlro *a gravity of the times and the necessity for renovation of Japanese foreign policy," and to this demand he yielded somewhat Hirota Issued a statement say- Ing that 'the present empire situation requires independent and pml- tlwe readjustment of our foreign relations in order to liquidate this emergency." Hachiro Arlta, new Japanese ambassador to China, told the press in Shanghai that "It Is fundamental that China recognizes Manchukuo and that the other North China questions should be settled on the spot." Seizure of Telegrams to Be Investigated 'TpIIE senate adopted a resolution •*• introduced by Senator Borah requiring the federal communications commission to make a full report on Its "alleged seizures" of private telegrams for Senator Black's committee on lobbying. Senator Steiwer of Oregon attacked the doings and methods of the Black committee, contending the rights of citizens were being Infringed. Mr. Black made a heated defense. Move Toward Peace in Italo-Ethiopian War '•pHKOUGH Us committee of thlr- •*• teen the League of Nations appealed to Benlto Mussolini and Emperor Halle Selassie to consent to Immediate negotiations for an end to hostilities and a definite re - establishment of Italo- Ethiopian peace. Though consideration of the proposal by his cabinet council was delayed a few days, Mussolini accepted the plan in principle as a basis for conference. It .was • -w 9 Ml m^ WAVA1WW I *** * • " ~~t7 UOBABLV the present congress | ^^UT^U^ lenged the waste Inherent In his vast reform and recovery program with a straight-from-the-shoulder demand upon congress that It vote new taxes. It is a most Interesting situation, politically. In nearly a score of years of Washington reportorlal experience, I cannot recall having seen so much squirming and wriggling as well as fretting and mumbling among representatives and senators. It Is only natural that they do not wish to go Into a campaign for re-election when there Is the certaljity that here, there and everywhere they will be confronted with heckling as to their vote for new taxea—assuming they will vote terrifically heavy levies as the President has suggested, and a<? present indications seem to assure. They have no heart for a tax increase at this time. But, to repeat, they are faced with a situation In which they must either vote for new and heavier taxea o» else they will be forced to swallow many long winded speeches In condemnation of the President's course. *• will authorizethespendingof more than a billion dollars for national defense. So far the legislators have shown little disposition to be stingy In this line. The War department bill, carrying $545,226,818, has passed the house and Is pending In the senate. Hearings on the $549,591,299 navy bill have been completed by a house committee and the measure is being drafted. Both these sums are record breakers for peace time. President Closes Norris Dam Sluice Gates /~\N THE third anniversary of his **J inauguration President Roosevelt pushed an electric key In the White Howse which set In motion machinery that closed the sluice gates of the Norris dam In the Tennessee Valley project This signal- laed the completion of that part of the vast work on the Clinch river, House Committee Busy With New Tax Program /"M3NGRESSMAN SAM .B. HILL ^~* of Washington and his subcommittee of the house ways and means committee took up the heavy task of determining how the new revenue of $1,137,000,000 called for by President Roosevelt should be raised. Treasury officials recommended that an average tax of 33% per cent should be levied on undivided cor- P o r a 11 o n profits and a tax of 90 per' cent on all refund- cislon Invalidating the processln taxes upon which the Agriculture Adjustment administration and it subsidies to agriculture was predi cated. Of course, that may be tru at the moment but. as one frequently hears pointed out In Wash ington conversation, the Preslden used the bounties to farmers and the AAA itself as one of his key stone policies. The fact that It was unconstitutional surely .cannot be said to be the fault of the Supreme court and yet that was the Implication In the President's message. Likewise, the President hinted hat a part of the taxes was due o congressional action in passing the bonus, which he vetoed and confess made operative over that veto, Again, I hear It questioned that congress Is actually to blame. It I* being said with great frequency that had Mr. Roosevelt made the fight against payment of the bonus this year that he did a year ago, ii is almost inconceivable that congress would have passed It over his veto. It is being said In this connection that if Mr. Roosevelt really had desired to kill the cash payment of the bonus, his stalwart leaders in the house and senate could hardly have afforded to refuse bis request to vote against it. Instead of that situation, the record shows that such recognized spokesmen as Senator Robinson of Arkansas, the Democratic leader In Slip afld Pantie Set Made in Quick Time PATTERN 9682 Senator Harrison of Senator Byrnes of Rep. 8. B. Hill ed or unpaid AAA processing taxes. In this the fiscal experts followed the suggestions of Mr. Roosevelt. They told the subcommittee that the proposed corporation surplus tax would yield the government $620,000,000 annually. The President has estimated that this amount Giuseppe Motta made plain Italy would not take the initiative and would retain occupied territory. Haile Selassie accepted the proposal without reservation. In recent days his armies In the northern sector have been routed In big battles and have lost many thousands of men, and the Italians have penetrated far toward the Interior of the country; and In the South the invaders were preparing for a rapid advance. Back of the league's appeal was the standing threat of extension of sanctions to Include an embargo on oil. This suddenly brought about a situation rather disconcerting for the league. Dr. Giuseppe Motta, Swiss foreign minister, gave a warning that If the oil embargo was applied his country might feel it necessary to leave the league In order to preserve its neutrality If the consequent threatened war In Europe resulted. Motta pointed out that If Italy quit the league and hostilities ensued, Switzerland, through her membership Jn the league, would appear In Italian eyes as a party to a hostile coalition, and would be subject to invasion. will be needed to finance the new farm program and the soldier bonus. The so-called "windfall" tax on processors who successfully challenged the AAA In the courts, Jt was believed, would yield another $200,000,000. This will be used to reimburse the treasury for losses suffered as a result of the Supreme court's Invalidation of AAA. There remains an additional $317,000,000 which It Is proposed to raise through excise taxes on a wide range of farm processors. Chairman Hill said the experts and the members of the subcommittee were agreed that the tax on undivided surplus should not apply to banks and life Insurance companies. There was wide divergence of opinion concerning this tax among leaders In congress. Senator James Hamilton Lewis of Illinois, Democrat, for Instance, declared himself against It as an unnecessary additional burden on business, and Indicated he would support, Instead, a plan to tax the Income from federal securities now exempt. Senator Borah, Republican, said that In principle he endorsed the plan of taxing undistributed earnings, while Senator Hastings of Delaware, also Republican, denounced It as "conflscatory." Senator King of Utah, Democrat, and Representative Knutson of Minnesota, Republican, were moved 4>y the program to demand Immediate cutting down of federal expenditures, and In this Mr. Borah concurred. Speaker Joseph W. Byrns and Majority Leader W. B. Bankhead professed to see no difficulties In the way of (he proposed measure. One thing that boosted the chances of the President's tax prp^ gram was a report from Secretary of Comperee Jloper that corpora^ tion income In 1985 was 800 per cent higher than In 1932. Whatever the merits of the Roosevelt proposals may be, there is no r, „ . course open for force Hands his opponents ex- of Opponents c e p t to support him In the general move to pay as you go. Unless they support these new tax levies, all of the howling and shouting and tumult about a reduction in the treasury deficit becomes Just so much belly-wash. Opponents may differ with the President as to the details of his tax plan but the situation he has created for them compels that they stand with him. To do otherwise would be not only Inconsistent but rather dumb. Frank Kent, the able news commentator, summarized one phase of this situation the other day by saying: "It makes no difference that the situation which compels the imposition of new and heavy taxes Is largely Mr. Roosevelt's fault. And It makes no difference that the move is forced by the exigencies of his campaign for re-election and Is designed to spike the most damaging charge against him—that he has piled the debt mountain high and by terrific expenditures menaced the national solvency. All true; but for the Republicans and his non-political critics, who have been assailing Mr. Roosevelt for months because of his failure to balance the budget to either obstruct or hold back now that the President urges congress to provide by taxation the money to pay for the vast gifts it has voted would be beyond the limit In political Insincerity and hypocrisy." In other words, there nearly Is no alternative for opponents of the President's policies. They must show their sincerity by going through with him In the laying of new taxes. I do not mean by that statement that It Is necessary for them to accept without argument the exact levies which he has proposed. If they were not In accord with the taxes he proposes, they would not be serving their constituencies unless they so stated, but if they object to the levies he has offered, let them bring forward substitute proposals that will produce a revenue yield In a like amount. They cannot afford to criticize and then refuse to offer .constructive propositions In turn. ' ' • * • On the other hand, It seems to be the consensus among Washington observers' that Mr. Roosevelt High Court ought not to b? the senate, Mississippi, South Carolina and Senator Radcliffe of Maryland, a personal friend, all voted to pass the bonus over the President's veto. I may not be thoroughly acquainted with the maneuvers of politicians but I cannot believe the men would have turned their backs on the President in the bonus fight unless they entertained a feeling that he did not seriously object. * * • So It simmers down that the men who a year ago and two years ago „, voted the Presl- laxpayers dent a ] most Umlt . the Goat less power, and limitless funds to deal with an emergency are now compelled, If they Intend ever to be statesmen, to stick by, vote the taxes and take it on the chin U that Is to be the reaction from the voters. After all, It Is merely the taxpayers who are the goats and as usual the taxpayers have not a great voice in their own defense. As to the President's tax propo- Wai a Genius in Realistic P a The reason the Follies Institution they were and to new developments In 11^1? W turning and plastlque lav , ng 'J feld's genlu* in usrtng hu ma "„*' as painters use the contents' tubes. He possessed a stlnct when It came to ™ Some of his girls hnd a quality, . than beauty-a uniqueness . ' flag-waving characteristic v™ °" : would never see. and I I have often sat with him at „' dltlons and wondered why HP ' certain types. There might the faintest glimpse of char a long, lean body and a place face—but afterwards allowed tp get away with one declaration which he made In submitting his tax proposals to congress. He said that the necessity for these new tnxeg prose from the Supreme court de- sals themselves, congress Is asked to levy an unprecedented type of tax on undistributed corporation profits. New processing taxes to replace those outlawed by the Supreme cour^ being designed to be constitutional, are proposed and a tax which the President described as a "windfall" tax to recover a considerable part of the old processing taxes returned to taxpayers was suggested. He asked also that levies be laid on dividends which are now exempt from normal tax on individual Incomes. The "windfall" tax is designed to offset the action of the Supreme court which ordered the return of the processing taxes as having been Illegally collected. In other words, the administration Is attempting to get by one method what the Supreme court said it could not get In the manner item- ployed. The tax on undistributed profits of corporations is the center of all kinds of controversy already. Opponents of this levy maintain that If the government forces corporations to pay taxes on reserve funds they have laid aside for the proverbial rainy day, such as we have experienced for the last six years, none of them can stand the gaff ol another depression. Mr. Roosevelt contended that his tax proposal In this direction, which would take away approximately one-third such reserves, was designed only to prevent the piling up of cash by corporations instead of distribution of those funds to stockholders. There will be much hauling and filling, many charges and countercharges, much maneuvering and manipulation as congress mulls over the new tax bill. It wli pass some kind of new taxes and citizens will begin early next year to pay oil the deficits of the reform and recovery program. * * * Some 75 years ago, the government organized mail service to In- c . „ . 'and points with- Mar Koute out railroad facil- Mail Service 'ties, calling this new service the Star route. This service has been continuously In operation In scores of communities and it Is continuing to operate exactly on the same ba sis as It did three-quarters of a century ago. So, this Is a plea In >ehalf of those who carry the mall on (he Star routes and for better service for Star route patrons. There 19 a bill In congress now which proposes to provide better service for those carriers and for patrons of those routes. • Wwn.ro Sleek comfort's written between the very seams of this slip and pantie set that's dedicated to smooth fitting and easy making. They're within everyone's reach, and their low cost makes them an out-and-out economy The slip does a nice job of molding the figure, with Us fitted bodice and all-in-one straps that can't slip. The neckline's cut low enough In back to allow it to be worn with your lowest cut frocks. And could anything be smoother than waistband panties which He flat? A non-shrinkable rayen or crepe is nice. Pattern 9662 may be ordered only in sizes 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 30, 32, 84. 86,38,40 and 42. Size 16 requires 3% yards 89 Inch fabric. Complete diagrammed sew.chart Included. Send fifteen cents in coins or •tamps (coins preferred) for this pattern. Be sure to write plainly your name, address, style number and size. \Send''your order to The Sewing Circle Pattern Dept, 867 W. Adams St., Chicago, 111. <£> Bell SyndlcaU.—WNTJ Service. girl was made up and costumed saw what a magnificent strict' that long, lean body was forl"" nerlike draperies, and how the nesa of that face had arranged | ts ,i,| Into two eyes that looked like " and a mouth adventurous and * I citing.—Fannie Brlce In ~ *'' tan Magazine. Don't Guess But Know Whether the "Pain" Remedy You Use is SAFE? Don't Entrust Your Own or Your Family's Well- Being to Unknown Preparations THE person to ask whether the •• preparation you or your family or the rc lief of headacha Life at Its Worst A pessimist was holding forth on the shortcomings of the rising generation. "Where today," he demanded can you find the youngster who will Just go on smiling when everything Is going wrong?" To which a more optimistic friend replied: "On the links this afternoon carrying my clubs." ' * O A rvr^ ™-w • «»%>* v* «v^aum; is SAFE to use regularly is your family doctor. Ask Em particularly about Genuine BAYER ASPIRIN. He will tell you that before Ik discovery of Bayer Aspirin most pain remedies were advised against by physicians as bad for the stomach and, often, for the heart. Which is food for thought if you seek quick, sctfe relief. Scientists rate Bayer Aspirin among the fastest methods yet discovered for the relief of headaches a 5? j pains of rheumatism, neih nt« and neuralgia. And the experience of mUlions of users has proved H safe for tM avirage persfah to uai *: wgWarly. In yolir own interest it- member this. You can get Genuine Bayer ite^i a ,?? fr& *™-7, ^Ply r • » * j . Make it a P°' nt . t° do this — and see that you get what you want. Bayer Aspirin The Time Factor Lisle-Does a giraffe get a sore throat if It gets Its feet wet? Ut D0t tIU tile next Speechle,. and Spokeleig Mother-Willie, was it a bad acci- ±Vl he °I°" " Dd that Ot "*r boy Endle.i Fight Biggs-l suppose you're still golnc around with the same girl? g Glggs— Yeah. One round after other. an CLASSIFIED ADS MILLION COPIES SOLD ™Ji°ohe£ I X« t r < l?- Reo !l*8, formulas, rera- powii"^. 13 ''?! ^Wltlna business law., .. adv ,ertislng, planting seasons, the 20th Century Business En- Send $1.00 for your copy now 8003 OHvet . r ?™ Detrolt . Mto -. -, Beautiful Nurserr f ,,,- : ~ J u " natural colors. BIS prlc"ea"wlth ^ anteca 8tol!k ' Compare our sS 5 'STf s ^ y " u A-a «ur^t^^ Heavy Competition QUALIFIED (very sadly)_y es r resources enough ! But thein ^ nowadas con e ° U Uy ssts , h ,, - DhUandlD g one's r eso u r ces.- E ver ybody . "Do you know anythtng about checks and drafts?" "Yes, sir, I've run our furnace tor years." Lacking Courage is your book on the 'Cultivation of ( Coura g e' finished yet?" r,, * i ' but l have «'t had the nerve to take t to the publishers yet"
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