The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland on September 30, 1939 · Page 6
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The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 6

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Saturday, September 30, 1939
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fix IKS DAILY MAIL, HAGERSTOWN, MD., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1939. (Established. 1S28) Published every evening except iunday by The Mail Publishing: Company. 25 Summit Avenue, Hagrers- towa. Maryland, I. A. HAWE1EX ...:.. Editor National Advertising: Representatives: Burke, Kuipers & Mahoney, Inc. New York. 1203 Graybar Building:; Chicago, 203 North Wabash Avenue; Atlanta, 1601 Rhodes-Haverty Building: Dallas. SOT Southwestern Life Building: Oklahoma City. 55S First National Building. Address all communications to The Daily Mail Editorial, Business or Circulation Department, not to indi- rid.uals. I. E. PHimrS.. .General Manager C. & P. Phone 104-105-106 lame numbers reach all departments Ifember Audit Bureau of Circulation SUBSCRIPTION RATES [All Subscription Rates Payable In Advance) Bingrle Copy 03 [)ne Month 55 One Year (by carrier) 6.00 By Mail (Up to Fourth Zone).. 600 Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Zones. S.50 Seventh and Eighth Zones 9.50 Entered at the postoffice at Ha- rerstown as 2nd class matter Dec. 12. 1S9S. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use of publication of all news dispatches credited to^ it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also local news published therein. All rights of publication of special dispatches herein lire also reserved. Also Fishing •In an endorsement of the objectives of the Confederation of Western Maryland Communities Inc., The New Citizen, of Frederick, mentions the rehabilitation of the defunct Chesapeake and Ohio Canal for which plans have been revealed by Representative "William D. Byron and its development into a recreational waterway. The Citizen says of the project: "The possibilities of a beautiful waterway from Cumberland to Washington traversing a large section of Frederick county is inviting to the eyes of those who feel the appeal of the outdoors. With the Federal Government almost feverishly ieeMng ways by which, public funds can be expended for public improvements it would seem a pity not to seize this opportunity to bring the old canal back to life as a medium for pleasure and healthy exercise." The Citizen might have added that restoration of the canal also would serve another and Txery practical purpose, The canal was a breeding place for many thousands of bass and other game fish and was recognized by sportsmen as being the main feeder of the Potomac river in this respect. It is conceded that if the canal is restored the river will be repopulated and there will be better fishing. calls for a prohibition on American vessels carrying passengers, articles, or materials to any belligerent. What is the chance that Mr. Borah is r~ht? Well, it -—~ he who pooh-poohed President Roosevelt's warning that ,on the basis of information received by the State Department, a European war was more imminent than realized and that Congress should anticipate the outbreak of hostilities by taking emergency measures before it adjourned last summer. Rubbish, said Mr. Borah. The State Department is cock-eyed. Its dope is all wrong, because its sources of information are untrustworthy. Now I, he added, have p secret and absolutely reliable source, and. I know that war will not break out before Congress convenes again. Mr. Borah isn't saying anything now about his terrible mistake and his secret source of corr-ect information; but he is just as dogmatic as ever about repeal of the embargo provisions. Evidently he thinks that his long tenure on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee will make people forget how poor a guesser he really is. The other assumption by the bloc- opposing repeal is that even if something might be said in favor of permitting any belligerents to buy in cash or in short term credit supples of any nature if transported in its own shir -, r. should never be done now that war has been declared, s' cs it would appear unnetitral, England and France having control of the seas, barring submarines. It is unfortunate that we should have to revise ihe Neutrality Act at this particular time—but whose fault is :i0 Before Congress adjourned, the members were warned by the Administration and those in touch with the foreign situation that not only was war probable but' also that the emergency if it came, would necessitate changing our inadequate neutrality legislation at an embarrr :sing moment. Borah and his friends, however, blithely sliced the effort to bolster our neutral p-oition when it could have been done without Criticism; and the nation should know whcrj to put the blame for the inopportune time. It is rather s"!"*"king to hear the very ones who forced the delay using the delay as an argument against modification. It implies - scorn of public intelligence. At least they might have the delicacy to keep silent if they haven't the honesty to admit their mistake. RIGHT WHEN HE'S WRONG In the forthcoming debate on re- rision of the Neutrality Act, with particular emphasis on repeal of the embargo provisions, dogmatic assertions from either side must be regarded with suspicion. As Walter Lippman recently pointed aut, this is not a question of absolute right or absolute wrong, but of probable right or probable wrong. Congress is engaged in an effort to determine what policy will best serve the interests of the nation, with, regard both to maintaining the non-combatant position of the United States and to meeting whatever the future may bring. It would be fatal, however determined we are to keep out, to ignore 'he possibility that some unforseen catastrophe might catapult us into the struggle. The opponents of repeal of the embargo provisions have made two assumptions, and Senator Borah, as head of this bloc, is most emphatic in stating them. And yet of all senators, Borah is probably the least trustworthy of his judgments. For example, take his conviction that repeal of the embargo provisions is the first step toward war. Mr. Borah apparently has shut his eyes to the dangers of the present .aw, which permits American vessels to carry into v;ar zones and to deliver to belligerent nations materials and articles much needed for the prosecution of the war, although not listed in the ban. Does he expect that Germany will observe all the nicnies if the war •hows promise of lasting for several y«ars? Now, if the embargo are repealed, the. plan Dead End Man About Manhattan -By George Tucker- FARM FIRES More than 3,000 lives and property damage of approximately $95,000,000 was the toll of farm fires in the United States last year, accord- in gto Ray "W. Carpenter, specialist in agricultural engineering for the University of Maryland Extension Service. Such simple precautions as a barrel of water, pails and a ladder readily available would help prevent and control many farm fires, Carpenter says. Speed is essential in fighting farm fires, and a convenient ladder makes any roof fire quickly accessible. Frequent checking of flues, fireplaces and chimneys: care in storing gasoline and kerosene; careful disposal of rubSish and hot ashes; and frequent inspection of electrical wiring and appliances are other small precaution that would help to lower the cost of farm fires. Many communities are now follow a plan of organizing local volunteer fire-fighting units. The goal of these departments is to have a telephone in every farm home, at least 3.000 gallons of water stored within 750 feet of the farm buildings and a fire department, equipped according to standards of the chemical engineering division of the Vnitcd States DC partment of Agriculture, within ten miles o' evsry farm home. According to Mr. Carpenter, many communities in Maryland have already reached this goal and as a result fire losses have been lowered and fire insurance costs have gone down. Washington Daybook •By Preston Grover- WASHINGTON, Sept. 30. —Regardless of the source of the thundering noises off the coast of Norway, sea-going opinion here is that Germany's,top-time battle fleet is something to be reckoned with. There isn't enough sea power in the whole of the Germany navy to stand shoulder to shoulder with even one squadron of first line British vessels. But the German power does not lie in that direction. The threat is in the possibility that one of her battleships may get out into the open sea as a commerce raider. Instantly it would multiply 'British commerce problems, Sky-rocket insurance, and make the mistress of the seas a very ruffled matron indeed. Toy-like as some German ships are, there are only three ships in the British navy that can touch any of five German ships, in a running fight in the open sea. The net result would be that so long as. the German ship remained at large, the convoy system would have to be conducted by Britain's heaviest fighters instead of her light destroyers. And every such fighter turned loose on the ocean would be subjected to multiple risks of destruction by submarine. It works this way: * * * How It Looks The German vessels, including the three pocket battleships and the two heavier ones built since Germany broke away from Versailles restrictions can outrum the British navy's heaviest battleships. In a shoulder-to-shoulder battle, the British ships would win every time. But the German ships could run away, and be free to prey on lighter members of the ficct or on commerce. Thn pocket battleships cnn do 26 knots or better. The heavy British battleships can do only 23 to 24. The two heavier German ships, approximately 25,000 ton creatures, can turn on 31 knots or better. British light or heavy cruisers could overtake any of the five, but that would be suicide. The pocket battleships carry 11-inch guns and, in a running battle, could put fire on the British cruisers long before they could come in striking range with their six-inch or eight-inch guns. The heavier German ships could do even better. They are armored heavily enough to engage in Smll-to-htill combat with ordinary cruisers and their 11-inch guns would spell ruin to them. In the whole British navy there are only three ships that can accomplish the double task of running down the five German ships and shelling them into submission. They are the fast battle cruisers Hood, Renown and Repulse. Armored with 15-inch guns, a speed of 31 knots and carrying 9 to 12- inch armor, they could destroy any of the German ships. * * * Nazis Could Afford It Once out in the open sea, the German ships could easily push over the usual convoy of destroyers guarding herds of 30 to 60 merchant vessels. Then it would be a matter of a mad wolf among the sheep. Shell fire from the German ship might put down a dozen or more merchant vessels before they could scatter. Strategists here have been expecting, ever since the war started, that Germany would make a break for freedom with one of the potent destroyers. She could afford to sacrifice several light cruisers to get one of the battleships through the British North Sea patrol. Once one was out, the British would have to detach at least one of its three battle cruisers to hunt it down. Its effective North sea blockade against further outbreaks of German ships would be weakened by that much. Out on the open ocean, the German ships could provision themselves from raids' on commerce, just as did the romantic Em den of World war time. Britain paid dearly for that escape. WOODR1NG SPEAKS WASHINGTON, Sept. 30—Secretary Woodring said Friday on the Army's 150th birthday -that national defenses were being reinforced to enable the United States to speak "with authority" for peace. The Administration, he said in a radio address "has determined that insofar as lies within its power, the mailed fist of Mars shall not extend across the oceans to pound upon the Americas." Sunday's Motoring Tour Trip arranged by Earl H. Howard, Automobile Club of Maryland. Hamilton Hotel Lobby, Phone 120 A POINT is raised in the Ohio press, that the gas mask would have drawbacks in regions where chewing tobacco is socially de rigueur. The American petroleum Industry alone spends $12,000,000 annually for research. By The AP Feature Service 1. How did Aif Landon say the President could help keep politics out of the neutrality debate? 2. Did the National Resources Committee estimate that the cost of depression could have boupht every U. S. family (a) a new automobile, (b) a chicken dinner, or (c) a $6,000 house? 3. Identify the an ti-Nazi, rifht, who volunteered from his concentration camp cell to resume his former position of submarine commander. 4. Of which countries are these the capitals: Copenhagen, Budapest, Rija. Tallinn? 5. What is the Duke of Windsor's new position? THIS WEEK 6. Fill the blanks: has revived the tern to protect her ships against 7. Would every able-bodied man be drafted into the army under the U. S. selective service plan? 8. Which 01 these men is commander of the British expeditionary forces: (a-) Viscount Gort, (b) General Ironside, or (c) Leslie Kore-Be- lisha? 9. Who is the man pictured at left, and under what circumstances did he get one of the Balkans' big jobs? 10. What conquered territory has Germany given another country? Each question counts 10; a score of 60 h fair, 80 good. The Automobile Club has chosen for this week's Sunday trip from Hagerstown to McConnellsburg, to Bedford over the Horseshoe Trail to Cumberland and over the National Highway to Hagerstown. 0.0 Hagerstown To Greeucastle: Route 11. 5.5 State Line 10.5 Greencastle To McConnellsburg: Turn left. Follow Route 16 15.0 Upton 21.5 Mercersburg 25.0 Cove Gap 32.0 McConnellsburg To Bedford: Route 30 38.5 Harrisonville 41.0 Saluva 50.0 Breezewood 5S.5 Everett 66.0 Bedford To Cumberland: Turn left. Follow Route 220 67.5 Bedford Springs Hotel S2.5 Centerville 94.5 Naves X Roads. 97.0 Cumberland To Hagerstown: Turn left on Center Street to Baltimore Ave. Turn left on Baltimore Ave. Route 40. 109.0 Flintstone Polish Mountain Green Ridge 122.5 Town Hill 124.0 Belle Grove Sideling Hill 135.5 Hancock 140.0 Millstone 146.4 Indian Springs 150.5 Cloarspring 155.0 Wilson 157.0 Huyet.ts X Roads 162.0 Hagerstown. A very nice trip for this time of the year. The leaves are especial]v beautiful. NEW YORK, Sept. 30.—Broadway, which has been lifting one eyebrow after another since the jitterbugs started massacring the theatrical classics, lifted a pair of them the other day when the news came out that Joan Edwards was writing a swing-musical version of George Bernard Shaw's "Man and Superman," that ironical study of the marital relationship which shocked our parents two generations ago. Now that Broadway has absorbed the shock of the W.P.A. swinging Gilbert and Sullivan's "Mikado," and George Abbott's swinging Shakespeare "Comedy of Errors" (Abbott called it "The Boys from Syracuse") Broadway is ready to expect anything. In fact right now, a company is rehearsing Benny Goodman's jive interpretation of "A Midsummer Night's Dream." Still, theatrical dopesters figured that cynical playwrights like Shaw would be safe from the hep-cats. Miss Edwards, however, feels pretty certain that (if she can get permission from Shaw to produce) her musical version of "Man and Superman" will be an entertaining, if slightly unorthodox, show. *. * * Up to now Miss Edwards has been know as a demure, 21-year- old girl, who is heard on the radio with Paul Whiteman's band, and frequently plays engagements in vaudeville theatres throughout the land. In her spare moments she Is a hard-working composer, writing popular tunes in collaboration with Arthur Gershwin, younger brother of the late George Gershwin. Miss Edwards and Mr. Gershwin had written four or five jazz tunes, and a few weeks ago they were sitting around their studio, racking their brains for a new angle on a love-song. "Why don't we swing a classic?" suggested Miss Edwards, none too originally. "Who would we swing?" said Mr. Gershwin. "They did Tchai- kowsky, Debussy, Beethoven, Bach and Brahms." "I didn't mean a musician," elaborated Miss Edwards. "I mean somebody like—like Shakespeare. Somebody big!" she waved her fingers around vaguely. "What do you mean—somebody big?" Miss Edwards flashed a collected volume of Shaw's plays. "I received this from the Book-of-the- Month club," she explained, "and it gives me an idea. An idea to do something with Shaw. That would be really something—different to swing." "You said it," avowed Mr. Gershwin. * * * Fired with enthusiasm, Miss Edwards sat awake all night jotting clown musical ideas, fragments of hot choruses, adding new characters to Shaw's play and subtracting others. In the morning her project looked -so solid that she dashed off a cablegram to Mr. Shaw, as well as lengthy letter explaining her idea and soliciting his permission and approval. .To date, she has received no definite word from the Irish ironist, but Miss Edwards hopes that he has enough sense of humor to approve the light-hearted japeries of her swing version of his play. The theme of "Man and Superman" is the eternal war between men and women—with woman the pursuer and man the pursued. "This angle," states Miss Kd- wards, "is a natural for hot jazz- ists who don't take love as seriously as the sentimental ballad-writers." In her version Miss Edwards expects most of Show's original characters, arid many of his speeches intact. She will interpolate hot musical choruses at appropriate moments, and streamline the general movement of the play. The surprise twist to the whole story is that Joan Edwards is a graduate of Hunter College. She graduated with honors, and would have won high honors, except that she flunked one course. English 22 A—"The Dramatic Technique of George Bernard Shaw." * * * One of the beauty spots of Manhattan is Bryant Park, at the rear of the Library, on Sixth avenue. This used to be a place to be strictly avoided after nightfall, unless thugs interested you. It was a rendezvous for bums and outcasts, an ugly eyesore of the city. But now it has been changed into a great, green cool tree-lined retreat, with striking water fountains, and always, it seems, ten million pigeons. THINGS OF THE SOIL By DAN VAN GORDER Questions of lawns, pardons, poultry, livestock, orcharding and eeneral farming are discussed In this department. Readers have hero access to the Information and advice furnished by our agricultural editor. Inqulrie- on all phases of soils and crops will be answered by return mall. Address letters to The Mail Information Bureau, Van Gorcier Service. Inc.. Washington, D. C. John D. Myers & Co, The Home of VARSITY TOWN and UNDER GRAD CLOTHES For Young Men Calendar for October 1. There is still time to plant a few more bulbs of hyacinths, daffodils, crocuses and other so-called Dutch bulbs. Postpone tulip planting until early November. 2. Do not shift turkeys suddenly to a fattening grain ration, but accustom them gradually to a mixture of equal parts of corn, wheat and oats, later to an all-corn ration. 3. When frost kills back dahlia tops, dig the roots carefully, dry them well in the sun and store in peat moss in a medium cool cellar or basement. 4. Save walnuts from suitable trees and plant them later along fence rows and in other idle nooks where this valuable nut and timber tree will thrive. 5. Gather green tomatoes from late vines before frosts damage them and store in a sunny cold- frame for late ripening. 6. Fumigate all dry beans and peas with carbon disulphide before storing in order to avoid damages by the weevil. 7. Do not burn shade tree leaves and other valuable waste vegetation, but save these materials for the compost heap. The editor will furnish full directions for making compost, S. Well rooted nursery plants of several hardy perennials may be planted safely during the next two or three weeks. 9. Successful warfare against plant insects and diseases must include a careful autumn clean-up of lawn, garden and other areas likely to harbor dangerous enemies. 10. Soft-shelled eggs from pullets are often caused by rations .not well balanced by minerals and green feed. 11. Order bulbs of hardy lilies for planting during the next two or three weeks. A 3-cent stamp sent to the editor will bring readers free planting instructions. 12. Blackberries, raspberries and dewberries should be planted in early spring. However, in all cases soils should be prepared be- forp winter where erosion is not likely to occur. 13. Aft or frosts kill asparagus tops back, gather the refuse and burn it to eradicate diseases and certain insects. 14. Comfort or poulrry, hogs, cattle- and other livestock is an effective factor in reducing winter feeding costs. Now is a good time to | make needed repairs to buildings, j 15. Those who enjoy Nature's} autumn displays should remember j that thoughtless and needless waste j of wild plants will deny these | blessings to those who come after us. 16. Prepare soil now and order tulip bulbs for planting early in November. A planting leaflet furnished on request. 17. An important key to safe burial of potatoes is found in providing adequate ventilation by constructing a flue up through the heap, emerging through the top of the pit. IS. Bulbs of the beautiful amaryllis should be potted soon for forcing blooms indoors over winter. 19. As the hours of sunshine shorten, poultry needs more cod- liver oil to promote health and artificial lights to stimulate egg production. 20. The wise orchardist prepares soil before winter to permit early spring planting of apple, plum, peach and cherry trees. 21. Most deciduous trees and shrubs may be planted safely as soon as the leaves fall and the plants are dormant. 22. Most hardy rambler or climbing roses should be planted during the last two weeks of October, the hybrid teas and perpctuals a week or two later. 2,1. Wise planning of the family's fall and winter diet includes full provisions for a.t least one green, uncooked vegetable daily, such as carrots, lettuce, greens, etc. 24. Rats should be denied "Room and Meals'" over winter. Now is an excellent time to stage a community-wide campaign of rat extermination. 25. Green onions are an appreciated crop in early spring. Plant sets not later than next week in a well drained site. 2fi. Is there room for a few shellbark hickory trees on the farm? IE so, plant nuts any time before winter. This tree not only yields profitable crops, but its timber is indispensable. 27. Celery may be, kept into early winter by careful banking of the rows or by inovinp clumps into a cool, moist cellar or abandoned hotbed pit or coldframe. 2$. Do not be in a hurry to mulch tender flowers and other perennial plants. Mulches should be applied in most cases after the ground freezes, not. before. 20. There are several beautiful CONSULT US For complete detail* of available fire protection. R. M. Hays & Bros., Inc. Meilink Safes (Answers Found On Page 10) Visit The New Wayside Furniture Mart 6 Miles West of Hagerstown NEAR GATEWAY INN PHONE 4088 F3 L. Keller Carver, Mgr. Insist On Tri-Maid Products Quality Guaranteed. Sold Exclusively By Triangle Food Stores "LUNCH ROOMS A TAVERNS" Get our Prices on "BUTTERED POPCORN" By the Can (IT TASTES DIFFERENT) CAUFFMAN'S Cut Rate STORE •0 E*irt WnflhlTirton Street vines available for indoor growing, the Philodendron a popular example. 30. It is not too late to apply lime and commercial fertilizer to rejuvenate at least a. few acres of decadent pasture. This investment will pay excellent dividends for many years. 31. If any of these suggested tasks for October give rise to questions, or if our readers have any / unsolved autumn problems, write the Agricultural Editor for all the assistance desired. Ballard Is Named Highway Engineer BALTIMORE, Sept. 30.—The appointment of Wilson T. Ballard of Baltimore as chief engineer for the State Roads Commission, "succeeding Nathan L. Smith, was announced Friday by Major Ezra D. Whitman, commission chairman. Ballard will take over the work Monday. His salary will be ?S,000 a year. Ballard, called by Whitman "fully qualified" for the post, was graduated from Cornell university in 1916 and served with the Fifth Combat Engineers Regiment of the SOth Division in the World war. He held engineering posts in Passaic, N. J., and Winchester, Va., before coming to Baltimore in 1921 as an engineer for the City Paving Commission. Smith has been with the Roads Commission since 1935, appointed temporarily by former Governor Nice as chairman of the commission, then being named engineer. Opposition Voiced To Probe By AFL CINCINNATI^Sept. 30.—The American Federation of Labor's building trades called on their leadership Friday to oppose any "sensational 1 ' anti-trust inquiry into the building industry by the Jus- , tice Department which might "con- \ fuse the public as to the real evils" retarding the industry. Delegates at the annual Building Trades Convention adopted a committee resolution demanding that the current inquiry by the Attorney General's anti-trust division disclose the "whole truth" about the cost checks on building activity. The report proposed that the inquiry take into consideration along with labor's wages, such factors as the cost of land, financing, insurance, materials, prices, brokers' commissions and legal fees. Wiss Shears R. D. McKEE Electric Cooking CLEANER FASTER CHEAPER A*k for Proof M Your ELECTRIC Range Dealer Hart Schaffner & Marx SUITS and Stetson HATS MUSEY & EVANS 59 West Washington Street Second National Bank The Oldest Bank In Haflerstown EYE GLASSES ON CREDIT AT KAY'S 40 West Washington Street RICHGREEN LAWN GRASS SEED TV»r Fine Volvcty T.nwn*. >'rnv In Ibo Time to Sow it. HOWARD'S 7 E. Baltimore St. Phone 806 SEE Cumberland Valley's Largest Display of Distinctive, Modernistic and Colonial FURNITURE TEN LARGE FLOORS Hundreds of pieces to choose from. Shockey Furniture Co. 26-28-30 SUMMIT AVE. Phone 1203 BUY YOUR COAL —FROM- CUSHWAS' Phone 2200 and get THE BEST

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