A-4 Alton Evening Telegraph Friday, January 8, 1!>71 Editorials . • . What we think about. . . is- ycar o id* Advisory vote answer ? Already bills are appearing in the new session of the Illinois legislature providing submission to referendum of a youth vote constitutional amendment. Eighteen-year-olds in Illinois are in a puzzling position. Under Congressional art ion. now upheld by the United Stales Supreme Court, they are eligible 1o vote in national elections. But Illinoisans, in their state < on- stitutional referendum special issues, rejected extending the vote to youth. And the U.S. Supreme Court's decision on the Congressional action said sperifirally that states still held the power to decide on whether the sub-21's could vote in slate elections. Voters over 21 in Illinois were those who decided not to award Ihe vote to youth. There may have even been doubt in their Readers 9 forum minds whether the younger folks wanted the vote. In Illinois, if the General Assembly proves the bills submitting a constitutional amendment to referendum, the sub-21's still r-ould not vole on it until it bcramc effective. The question probably would be submitted in 1972. The General Assembly faces the fart now that voters of Illinois already have expressed themselves rather plainly on the question. Our suggestion, to get the matter off dead center, is that Congress provide a nationwide advisory referendum on the question. Presumably, if we extend the principle of the Supreme Court's already-given decision, Congress could authorize sub-21's to vote in such an advisory election and states would have to provide the ballots. Thus we would obtain from our youth a more rlearcut indication of answers to two questions: Do they want suffrage? And, how well will they take advantage of it once (hey are given the privilege? Investment in progress Cottage Hills-Forest Homes residents have a major responsibility Saturday as they go to the polls to vote on a sewer project proposal. Wood River Township Supervisor Rodger Elble has, with a committee of citizens, explored every possible angle on financing, with assistance from the state and federal governments to supplement costs to individual property owners. A comprehensive brochure outlining in depth all of these considerations has been placed in each home for study by residents. We feel Elble has been exceptionally open and sincere in attempting to take proposition to each person. In some cases in the past, -the Cottage Hills-Forest Homes area has suffered from negative criticism for a variety of reason Our own knowledge of the area reveals these communities to be made up of a majority, sincere, dedicated citizens wit! keen sense of civic awareness. Most have read a great deal about the sewage treatment crisis in every area community. While we're fully aware of the eccnomic squeeze on everyone, we recommend vote in favor of proceeding'to get sewers with lederal and state money. Costs will never be lower in the future. Shipley could help The type of h«lp Alton City officia in their efforts to acquire the old pos Problem of rescuing the Ark 'Greetings, sir-What, you may ask, am I doing in this crate? . , 5 A few weeks ago T received several pages of printed literature from Search Foundation, Inc., of Washington, D.C. The article explains that various expeditions and mountain climbers have discovered what seems to be the remains of the Ark 14,000 feet, up on Mt. Ararat on the Iranian- Turkish border. The remains are embedded in tiie ice. Some timber recovered was In perfect condition and conformed to the type of wood and construction that presumably could have been used to build the Ark. Plans are under way to finance the project of recovering the entire structure from the ice on top of the mountian. The Ark was quite a bulky affair. Just how they plan on getting this structure down from the mountain wasn't explained, and not being in a donating mood, I didn't send any money. However, I do think this would be a worthwhile project, and would not cost near as much as going to the moon. A towboat can handle 15 or 17 barges with powerful Diesel engines, searchlights and a two-way radio. The whole .outfit can glide through the locks as easy as pie and the captain can talk to tbe locks master while doing so. Noah • didn't have to go through the locks, he didn't have a search light, he was out of diesel fuel, and his two- way radio was broken down. Besides, the radio station was under water, his deck hands had gone on strike and had jumped off the Ark at Paris or New York or some other sinful city, so Noah had to do all the chores himself. ' I once had to haul a cow and calf a hundred miles in a pick-up truck. The calf would get hungry and start bawling and I had to stop the truck every 20 miles to let the little booger get some lunch. Noah had one Jersey cow, no calf. He had an 1,800- pound Durham bull. (Thai's how Bull Durham tobacco got its name.). The cow was tied over to one side of the Ark and the bull on the other side, with two elephants, a pair of mountain lions and a pair of rattlesnakes in between. That bull was sure mad. They didn't have nose rings in those days, so Noah must have had a good strong halter on that hunk of meat. If he had broken loose, all hull would have been apoppin'. From my experience with animals, try to unload a horse out of a stock truck if there happens to be a puddle of water right where you're trying to unload. Imagine Noah trying to lead a pair of mules out of the Ark with those water puddles all around! According to the circular, as Mt. Ararat is a volcanic mountain. They plan to drill into the mountain, put water in it, and get hot water out. The hot water would melt the glacier and expose the ship. Anyone wishing to donate towards this project can get the adress. It is a privately s p o 11 sore d organization, without government or church subsidies. BYRON BIVENS 1249 W. 9th. St. saw places Jesus Christ had visited and walked the same streets his Lord had lived on. His enthuiasm leads me to believe every young minister should be provided with a similar visit. I subscribe to no religion. I never condemn anyone's beliefs, for I'm sure religion docs keep people from each other's throats. II. A. STECKEI!. 80 E. Elm St. Appeal to people The method of freeing our POW's suggested by Ray Cromley in his Dec. 23 column should be given a fair trial. Cromley's method was for our air force to drop pamphlets over North Vietnam offering to free 36,000 of their men held in our prison camps for 3,600 of our men held in their prison camps. This would have a strong appeal to the wives, parents and friends of the prisoners. This method should cause public opinion to swing in our favor. It. would put their leaders in a bad light should they refuse. It is just possible your letters to the officials in Washington could be the determining factor in causing them to try this method. G. D. MOIIUNDHO 124 Ohio St. East Alton Throat protector In my wandering I have been appreciative of time spent in company of administrators of Christian beliefs. I gave up a window scat to a priest in Mexico to enable him to snap pictures for future lectures. I spent some time conversing with an Irish priest returning to China after a visit in Finland. 1 entertained a group of nuns on my boat. One was on home leave after an eight- year assignment north of Australia in New Guinea among the only stone age people In the world today. These are people who have no cooking pots, eat roots, as well as grubs and worms, and live naked. She was returning for another eight-year assignment. 1 became a seal companion in two flights with a dedicated young man from Emails, l'n. recently ordained a Baptist minister and visiting the Holy Lands on funds raised by his congregation and a loan from his brother. I was impressed tis he bubbled over telling me he Military justice? Newsweek of Aug. 31 published an article on military justice. There is none. Gen. Westmoreland spoke not long ago on courtesy and discipline in the army. As far as justice is concerned, I tremble for Lt. Calley. He is in the hands of a rough bunch. . If he murdered the people of his own accord, his military training made him the character he is. Time of Dec. 21 says "The Army Goes Mod." It is about time it did. From 191!) to 1942 it: never changed one bit. I left it, in 1010 and went back in 1942. There was the same subservlance and fawning before superiors. The military clique has tarnished the memory of Gen. Grant, who saved the Union, and of Gen. Patlon, who loved America supremely, and of Gen. McArthur. GLENN REDDICK, Apt. 55, Ileatherway, Wood River vote ior sewers... the s need office building may materialize for the city of St. Louis. A debate over demolition vs. preservation has been going on in St. Louis for years. Now, Rep. Leonor K. Sullivan (D.) St. Louis is preparing to draft a bill for cost free transfer the building to the city "if it will accept it for preservation and rent- producing use." Our own post office probably lacks the possibility of becoming a legal or architectural landmark as does that in St. Louis. But, it remains a sturdy building which taxpayers not too long ago put a large amount of money toward in a remodeling program. Again, we suggest the city bend Rep. George Shipley's ear. Quite possibly, similar legislation could save the city the purchase price which could be put toward remodeling. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY Victor Riesel Labor coalition woos young voters NEW YORK — If you meet a newly registered 18 to 20- year-old it's a good bet John Lindsay, Nelson Rockefeller, Ted Kennedy, or others of the charisma set have been there afore you. The hand-shaking has begun, but this is pizza pie, knish, and hot dog, baby- kissing era stuff compared with what the labor movement has had going for it among the very "now" generation. Quietly but hardly secretly, therefore rarely covered in this field, labor's Committee o n Political Education (COPE) and the auto union's, citizens' political action legions have been working through something called Frontlash, headquartered in this city. Heavily funded by COPE, some international unions and a few foundations, Frontlash Jack Anderson No. 1 suspect conducted probe of My Lai Notable quotes "If the press is not free, if speech is not independent and untrammelcd, if the mind is shackled or made impotent through fear, it makes no difference under what form of government you live, you arc a subject and not a citizen." —U.S. Sen William E. Borah "The function of the; press is very high. It is almost holy. It ought to serve as a forum for the people, through which the people may know freely what is going on. To misstate or suppress the news is a breach of trust." —Justice Louis I). Bramlcis, U.S. Supreme Court Forum writers, note The T « I o |f r u p li prONo i>x|ircnnlons of Its rciill- or's o w n opInioiiH. Wrltorn 1 names mill udilri'HiiON must l>o published with their letters. CimtriliutUmn tihould l»« 0.011- •tlso, preferably not oxciunlhiB 150 \voi-clh, and tiro Mlltjw.t tO COIIlll'IlNlltloll. WASHINGTON — Almost three years after the My Lai massacre, the agonizing military trials are still going on as the Army continues its search for scapegoats. The court-martial defendants, without exception, are men from the lower ranks. This bears out our charge on Pec. 4, 10(5(1, after mass- murder charges were brought against Lt. William Calley Jr,, that the Army hoped "to wipe its own hands clean on a lowly lieutenant." The Army's secret interrogations, we reported, indicated that Calley merely had carried out orders from higher up. We can now report additional details. A t least two secret statements taken by Army interrogators, charge that the orders to wipe out the tragic village originated with Col. Oran 11 o n d c r s o n , the regimental commander. He h a s vigorously denied responsibility for the massacre. Lt. Col. Frank Barker ,lr., the task force commander, later killed in an air accident, allegedly relayed the orders to Capt. Ernest Medina, who briefed the troops. After the massacre, at least five separate reports should have been submitted. Humors eventually filtered up to division headquarters which ordered an investigation. This was conducted, incredibly, by none other than Col. Henderson. The division commander, Maj. (Jen. Samuel Koster, received his report, but the Pentagon apparently was never notified. Meanwhile, the men involved in the killings were routinely congratulated "for outstanding action" by Gen. William Westmoreland then the U.S. commander in Vietnam. The killing of civilians was not unheard of before My Lai In a war where the enemy seldom wears a uniform and employs women and children to set booby traps, civilians are bound to get hurt. Still the My Lai massacre, which saw months-old babies machinegunned 10 death, can only be described as cold- blooded murder. The America! Division, whose men committed -the horror, was a ragtag collection of hastily organized and poorly trained units. The three companies in the task force were taken from separate battalions. Not only had they never been trained in village fighting, but this was their first assault mission. Few of the men in Charlie Company had gone to college. Indeed, 1.3 hadn't even met the Arrays' minimum intelligence requirements but had been accepted under a special "remedial education" program (which, incidentally, they never got). Almost half of the company was black; several others were Mexican- Americans. Some of the men didn't even know one another. L i . Calley, personally charged with killing 102 civilians, was a young- looking, junior college flunk- out who commanded little respect from his men. He graduated from Officers' Candidate School without learning to read a map properly. When the Americal Division was thrown together, General Roster chose many of his friends and West Point classmates to serve under him. Lower ranking officers, seeing a chance to earn some battle ribbons and "get their tickets punched" in Vietnam, scrambled for the coveted combat commands. This is the way military leaders have been playing the game since the Korean War. What happened to the Americal Division could just as easily have happened to many other units in Vietnam. For the name of the game, all too often, has been careers ahead of country. General Westmoreland himself has been quoted as saying the Russians are jealous of the experience we are getting in Vietnam. ' ' Th c ir general staff," Westmoreland said, "wishes their army was being trained in air-mobility tactics." To accomodatc all the ambitious officers who want battlefield experience, the combat commanders not only are rotated wery six to eight months, but company grade officers are limited to one year. This virtually assures that our combat troops are commanded by inexperienced officers. The Army, if it wishes to atone for My Lai and avijiid future tragedies, must start at the top not the bottom. Footnote: To President Nixon's credit, he had an aide call us about our Dec. 4, 1939, column. The President n- sisted that the officers who planned and ordered the My L a i massacre shouldn't escape punishment. The Army obediently brought "dereliction of duty" charges against General Koster, Colonel Henderson and other higher-ups. But this is a irild offense compared to the courtmartial cases against the lowlier men who carred out the massacre order. Fourteen top Air Fo[ - ce generals flew to New Orlejins at the taxpayers' expense] to attend the New Year's Day Sugar Bowl football game. It was an unhappy outing. Not only did the Air Force Academy University of lose to Tennessee, we caught the top brass u: the :>ut ing for Heir military aircraft personal pleasure. Chief junkcleer was Cjen. John Ryan, the Air Fq c chief v who flew to the g; from Washington's Andrj. s Air Force Base in a C135 transport plane. He brought along members of his staff including Lt. Gen. Austin Russell, Lt. Gen. Russell Dougherty, LI. Gen. Duwird Crow, Lt. Gen. Otto Glasi Lt. Gen. George Boylan, Lt. Gen. Harvey Goldswortl What they did then — news from the Telegraphs o 25 years ago JANUARY 8, 1940 Owners of the last passenger packet boat of the upper Mississippi river, "The Golden Eagle" Capts. Henry and William H. Leyhe, proposed to the mayor of St. Louis's emergency housing committee that the boat be purchased to help relieve the housing shortage, ljy converting it to a bachelor hotel. Offered at $10,000 the ship-could house 100 men comfortably. Except for bed linen it was completely equipped, and birthed at the levee adjoining the downtown business district. At least 12,000 American soldiers jammed into tbe shell-battered ruins of the Philippine Hall of Congress ^n7jjiwi!ii' to m orderly but noisy mass protest to the demobilization slowdown and roared their approval of a resolution calling for a congressional investigation. The men had been given lour readiness dates, the last of Jan. 2, but were later informed that they could not be moved out. of port before the middle of the month. The general in command was booed by the men when he blamed "changing international situation" on the delay. Home from military service after being together for three years were four Alton army veterans. They were William M. Kane, Emil Wetstein, James .1. Prullage, William F. Cambron, all of whom were inducted into service at Peoria. They took basic at Ft. Lewis, Wash., in the Mojave desert in California, were sent to Hawaii for nine months, then to British New Guinea and entered combat together in Dutch New Guinea, followed by Luzon action, then to the Island of Honshu to serve with occupation troops, and discharged on Dec. 30, 1945. Alton Urdbird cagers handed East St. Louis a I-7--15 defeat to knock the flyers out of first place in Southwestern Illinois Conference with a 1-1 record. Collinsville was a 3-0 winner in conference, Alton and Belleville tied for second place 2-1. Jim Schollers and Bob Astroth pumped in a total of 48 points. 50 years ago JANUARY 8, 1920 Federal authorities were planning a campaign against lotteries operated by Americans representing Canadian organizations as an outgrowth of the •previous year's investigation of the baseball scandal. Among the largest Canadian lotteries was Northern, with a $25,000 top prize. Presid Harding was due to "cost" the nation $189, his first year in office. His salary wa traveling expenses $25,000, and furnishing a of the White House and grounds $(59,000, a propriation to the First Lady for new payment of servants, and aulos, horses, and oats $50,000 among the items. The W grounds were to be improved because to be reopened to the public . Manager Lafayette Young announced strong possibility that Laclede Steel Co. woi operations Feb. 1 after a lengthy shutdow uncertain, pending an immediate, conference officials in Chicago, whether Uie wage sc be maintained there. He foresaw possi has sought out the black, the Puerto Rican, the Chicano and the poor white youth of central cities. From the campuses, from scores of youth organizations, from many union headquarters have poured bright young men and women. Deep into hard-core areas they've gone with their message — register and vote. First registration. Then "education" on the "economic and social issues." In essence the message has been, don't burn down the establishment, vote it out of "their" hands. This has been developing during the past two national campaigns — 1968 and 1970. These are not amateurs. They know that one man, one vote can total high in a central city, a community which can control a borough which can dominate a city which can swing a slate which can decide a presidency. Just look at New York. Here are one million new 18- to 20-year-old eligibles in one state — and several hundred housands of former minority age among the minorities and "the poor". This is enough to turn Tammany and the Grand Old Party institutions into ancient artifacts in one election — if properly organized, properly steered, properly brought out on election day. "Properly" depends on whose candidate will be gored. Frontlash believes that a coalition of youth from working class and minority districts — mostly black — and white labor and student groups "is the wave of the future." Frontlash evangelists have come off the campus. They've gone after the youth — three- quarters of which don't go to college full time — which is mostly made 'up of working young men and women, housewives, military men and women, job seekers and high- school dropouts. "Many are members of unions and minority groups," says Frontlash, "they face pressing economic problems and are often hostile to the politics of student protest." The vast majority are not radical though virtually un- political. When the popularity of 1968 candidates was measured by Frontlash specialists they discovered that George Wallace had the strongest inroads among younger voters. So Frontlash organizers, disdainful of the "kids" sliding through their soporific years as social science a m a t e u rs , devotees of Spencerian English or mod movie making (though these are honorable pursuits if not used as "snap courses"), have gone into the ghettos. They have done well. They report that they had some 700 to 800 precinct headquarters in some parts of California during last year's election. They sweated it out in the cold of big city streets in Illinois and New Jersey. They worked the sparse states of Utah and Wyoming. They hit the heart of Texas. They sought out the younger eligible adults. They registered them and got them to the polls on time, always keeping an eye on the potential and inevitable 18- year-old voters. Now they're gearing for 1972. They no longer want "ad hoc committees" set up, like some movie set to "Hello, Dolly" the young voters and let them drift away. F r o n 11 a s h' s Executive Director, Charlotte Roe, has written to hundreds of contacts saying in view of the Supreme Court's decision" there must be an intelligent, persisten program to implement the new franchise (18- to 20-year-old vote—V.R.) not just ad hoc campaigns aimed at the active youth on liberal arts campuses." "We plan to work with unions," says she, "with strongly based community organizations, and with educational institutions to he 1 p develop permanent mechanisms for registering and motivating young voters. As they have before, Front- lash projects will also involve campus volunteers in drives to register youth in minority and working class districts and to help provide an educa- ion on the issues." yesteryear e Great would be reduced to meet competition and promote t - elect the sale of steel by making lower prices possible. 0 during Work on new production facilities was nearing com$75,00(1, pletion. d upkeep An option on the old H. G. McPike homestead d an ap- property on Alby street had been secured as a site urniture, for a community hospital, it was disclosed by the gasoline, Rev. E. L. Gibson, First Presbyterian pastor, at e House a meeting of those interested in the venture. Tlte ey were group named as a committee to further crystallize plans for an organization in support of the hospital, ere was H. H. Unterbrink, Irving Winter, W. F. Hoppe, tbe d resume Hev. Gibson, and W. P. Boynton. The community He was hospital proposal was being taken up at a time when with firm the Chamber of Commerce and other civic groups es would were supporting an effort by St. Joseph's Hospital lity they for an addition.
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