Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 27, 1948 · Page 11
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 11

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Mason City, Iowa
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Monday, December 27, 1948
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Page 11
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Headhunter to Farmer: Missionary's Aim Unem * * * " * * * * * * * * * - ~~ - * ******'****»,», Unemployed Savages Are His Worry By THOR J. JENSEN Problem Citv A j51 enca and back to Mason wty. He was m search of strains founriV r v! Ce °" Which hc coul d Papua mechanized agriculture in ''After all," he explained, "when ?i e Principal occupation of the neadhunters has been fighting it is obvious that we must give them something else to do." Live on Wild Sago fJH f 1S a real need f or the food also, continued the 45 year old son of an English missionary •ine Papuan natives in the interior °* Ne w Guinea have 5 principal crops. Yams, taro, sweet potatoes, Plantain and wild sago. But in the 4 month rainy season all spoil within 2 weeks except the sago AK i <- result is Pitiful," declared Abel. They practically starve for i months, living mainly on the sago which they can go out and cut. If they had corn and rice it would keep through the rainy season." His concern for his countrymen (ne prides himself on being a native Papuan) was evident on his lace as he spoke animatedly of the life on the island. His speech is that of a cultured Englishman (he is a graduate of Cambridge university) but he lacks the traditional, cold reserve of his fatherland. Son of Missionary He admits being a missionary, probably for lack of a better name for his work, but makes it plain that he is not the preaching type. His work is to help the black- skinned Papuans to help themselves set up a new Papuan civilization. Cecil Abel's father, Charles Abel, sent to New Guinea by the London Missionary society 60 years ago, founded the Kwato Extension association. He did it, says the son, "because he saw that it wasn't much use making savage Papuans good if this meant being good for nothing. "He' saw that something new and practical must be put in the place of the fighting and cannibalism that had previously kept a tribe united and active. He opened his home to Papuan children. He introduced industries that would train their minds and hands, teach the value of hard work, build up character and a new team spirit to take the place of their old tribal and community enterprises." * •* * Love to Fight Cecil Abel smiled as he told of the "tribal enterprises." The Papuan headhunters in the valleys among the Owen Stanley mountains love to fight, he said and told of an incident to prove it. „ One of the Australian officials of the Territory of New Guinea went on an expedition into the wilds where no white man had ever trod before. Entering a village he found only a few women and children who scattered at his approach. One of the children was cornered by the white man, however, and it developed that the boy could understand the native dialect spoken by the Australian. When asked where the men were the boy explained that they had gone to fight with a neighboring tribe. "We can see them from the top of that hill," suggested .the boy 'and led the way. War Is Postponed Sure enough, through his field glasses the white man could see 2 armies of black warriors approaching each other in the valley below. Suddenly they stopped and SCIENTIFIC Only $4950 with SUPER-STRENGTH 0 Built Co give flrmcr-tiian-usuaj support as well as "Controlled Comfort" advantages to persons requiring «n extra-firm mattress. Mattresi and matching box springs. 'Sprin* Air" Mattress GUARANTEED FOR 15 YEARS Tyler-Ryan Furniture Company M 2nd It. S E. Ph.n. StlO —.....,,.,.^.,,.,nra-.-jwAv..• HEADHUNTBRS-These are New Guinea headhnte standing in one of the wide, fertile valleys among the Owen Stanley mountains which Cecil Abel wants to make into fields of corn and rice to help feed the starving peoples of the Far East. 2 warriors with long spears stepped out from each group and met in the space between the lines. They talked, walked back to their armies and then, simultaneously, both groups wheeled and walked off together through the forest to- There the white* man met the chiefs of both tribes who immediately put a hut at his disposal, sent 5 warriors each with a pig to drop at his feet and prepared a feast in his honor. With the festivities well under way, the Australian finally asked what had happened to the war. "Oh, that," the chiefs waved it aside. "We can fight anytime but you are the first white man ever to come to feast with us." * * * Industry Not End So in 1919 Charles Abel set up, the Kwato Extension association with financial support from England and the United States. In a short time the industries began to show profits and these profits went to support teachers, nurses and doctors. "This was a new principle," suggested Cecil Abel, "that industry is never an end in itself but the means to an end. A country must grow up and learn to manage and support its own activities. Papuans learned to manage coco^ nut plantations, run saw mills, repair diesel engines, make furniture, build'houses and boats, print books and weave cloth. Equipped as Citizens "While this was building character it was also teaching them to take financial responsibility for their own activities. They are being equipped to take their place as intelligent citizens, trained to play an increasing part in the affairs and government of their own country.'" The Kwato staff now includes 14 whites and 100 Papuans. These have been asked by the Australian administrator of Papua to begin work with half a million mountaineers in the central highlands of New Guinea. These people have been cut off from the rest of the world for centuries. They •were discovered by the whites in 1934 but the area was closed to all exploration because of their warlike nature and for fear of clashes. Area Contains. Gold • They live in wide, fertile, grass covered valleys among the mountains. The area is much more densely populated than areas now known to the white man along the coast. And the region is known to contain gold. "We must help them," is Cecil Abel's simple statement. "We know the white man is going to penetrate the area because where For Rent Floor Sanders - Wallpaper Steamers - Floor Waxcrs Caulking Guns. COOK PAINT CO. 118 So. Fed. Ph. 1017 DENTIST PRACTICE LIMITED TO PLATE WORK 18 FIRST ST. CEDAR RAPID SOUTHEAST OESMOINES MASON CITY SIOUX CITY there is gold you cannot keep him out." Past history of other regions, he pointed out, show that the natives suffer when the white man comes to exploit an area. His purpose is obvious. He hopes to prepare the black men for that invasion so that it may come off peaceably and with the least possible harm to the native. * * * Stops Headhunting He is no stranger to the task. In 1935 he was asked by the Australian government to try to stamp out headhunting among 5 tribes in the southeastern tip of the Owen Stanley mountains. He called a conference of the 5 chiefs to meet him on the shores of Milne bay of World war II fame. The day and the chiefs came but Abel still did not know what he was to say to them. They sat on the sand and talked. Yes, they had gods or at least evil spirits, the chiefs told him. Did they have any good spirits? The 5 black headhunters thought awhile and decided that they probably did. But the good spirits couldn't do them any harm so they didn't bother about them. Did he have good spirits? they asked. 5 Tried Listening: Cecil Abel replied that he did have a Good Spirit and tried to explain the basic concepts of God. What good was the Good Spirit to him? He replied that the Good Spirit helped him to live better. Would the Good Spirit tell them? Abel said He would if they would listen. So they decided to listen and bowed their heads in silence. Cecil Abel admits he wondered what came next. He admits he heard nothing but finally decided he would have to say something so he asked the first chief: "Did you hear anything?" Each Got Message The chief replied that he had. "You could have knocked me over with a feather," admits Abel. What did the Good Spirit say? "He said," replied the headhunting chief, "go and make friends with a certain man. He is my worst enemy. When I got the message to meet you here I had lain in his garden 2 days and a night, waiting to kill him. This is the man." What had the next chief heard, if anything? The Good Spirit had told him to go home and get matters straightened out with his wife. "Each of the 5," to Abel's complete amazement, "had got some message of a specific thing he was to do." Left Spear Behind What about headhunting? Abel continued the story of the first chief as an illustration: The chief went home and after some time decided that he would either have to go see his enemy or give up the Good Spirit's guidance. So he sat down again to listen. "The Good Spirit told me, 'Leave your spear at home,' " the chief later told Abel. "You can't imagine what that means," said Abel. "It's sheer suicide to go on the mountain trails without a spear. But the chief went without his. "When hc reached the enemy village they ran for their weapons and then stopped as they realized that he carried none. His enemy approached to find what was going on and was told that the visitor wanted only to make friends, that the Good Spirit had told him to." "Go Make Friends" Then, of course, he had to explain about the Good Spirit and, just as naturally, it ended in the sitting down together to listen. "What did you hear?" one asked the other. "Nothing," was the answer. "Only a name." "So did I," giving the name. "But what does it mean?" "He is my enemy," said the other. "Let us go make friends." That whs the end of headhunting in that area. "You can check the government records on it," says Abel. "There hasn't been a single head taken since the middle of 1936." •& -x- -x- Corn From Ames Since then agriculture has been introduced in the region on a primitive, hand cultivated basis. The crops include corn and rice. The corn was procured from Queensland, Australia. Imagine Abel's surprise when he arrived at Iowa State college this summer and discovered that of these 2 varieties, Hickory King and Learning Small, had been developed at Ames and sent to Queensland. 1 "We know that corn can bo grown in New Guinea and that it will do well," says Abel. "What still needs to be done is to introduce and develop the strains that possess the characteristics for large scale production." To Tropical Farms To get . varieties adapted to tropical growing conditions he was advised at Ames to go lo the Iowa State college tropical research center at Antigua, Guatemala, and the United Fruit company's plantations at Tiquisate, Guatemala, where rice and corn test plots are being grown. He also visited San Salvador where the U. S. department of agriculture and the government of El Salvador have a joint experimental station. At Ames he was introduced to a student from Stuttgart, Ark., whose father has 640 acres of rice land. He spent a week with the plantation owner, Bryan Jessup, studying rice growing and processing. Incidentally, he is hoping that the son will agree to work as an agronomist in New Guinea for 2 years for the Kwato Extension association. Try Several Varieties His trips have yielded not only information but also 10 pounds each of G varieties of corn from Guatemala and about 7 varieties of rice .from Arkansas state experimental farm, as well as 1 variety from Tiquisate and 2 from San Salvador. These packets of seed will be planted in 1949 and the best varieties saved for larger scale plantings in 1950. If he can procure the funds, through a $40,000 loan at 5 per cent interest, Abel hopes to ship agricultural machinery to Papua for mechanized farming of 2 plots, 1 of 200-250 PRACTICAL MISSIONARY — Cecil Abel was photographed in the Globe-Gazette newsroom with the atlas which he used to explain the geography of his native Papua, southeastern part of New Guinea. He is not a preaching missionary, he said, but tries to help the natives help themselves become better world citizens. acres and 1 of 600-800 acres, in J950. "There are overwhelming reasons why New Guinea should aim to be one of the main food growing and exporting nations of the southwest Pacific," says Abel. Must Help World "With a huge land area and a very small population, New Guinea must export what other countries need as well as supply her own need. Between 5 and 10 million people in India will inevitably die of starvation this year. "Also, communism is using the constant, gnawing pain in hungry people to win over their allegiance, break down morale or to breed revolution and anarchy. "And the Papuans can only uphold their sovereign right to their own land in the face of world opinion if they demonstrate initia- tive and responsibility in their use of that land to supply what the world needs. Papua May Export "But even if New Guinea could make only a small contribution, comparatively, toward relieving the world food shortage, one thing is clear: Wherever this problem of food production comes up the main bottleneck is the human element—greed, selfishness, graft and isolationism—or just the plain inability of people to get along and pull together. "If 5 fighting tribes can learn to live together, pull together and start on a vigorous agricultural venture, Papua may have something to export besides corn and "12th Month Philosophy" Told to Club Whatever other philosophies individuals may have during the first 11 months of the year, in the 32th month they take on the philosophy that man is inherently good. So Doctor Lloyd A. Gustafson said m a Christmas message as guest speaker at the Kiwanis club luncheon at Hotel Hanford Thursday noon. Christmas was the theme of the program and special music was presented by 3 high school vocal soloists and a carol by the newly organized "Songbirds" of the club. A board and make-up meeting at the Covered Wagon Monday noon was announced. Next week's program, according to President iT?? oT Klempnauer is "Stoyles, "riod " ' nothing but St °y 1( Attention was called to the Kiwanis sponsored broadcast which may be heard over the Mutual network on Christmas morning from .11:30 to noon. Christina? carols were signed by members for mailing to Kiwanian Johnnie Hermanson at Oakdale. Soloists Please *fc^o big i 1 ? £ V ld was given ea ch oi he 3 soloists for a pleasing rendition of Christmas songs in unusually "big" and expressive voices for high school students nf K Vv!? u arger ' bass - san « "Star of Bethlehem;" Joan Toepfer soprano offered "Song in the Air,' "£>J!f nCy ,? an ' C °ntralt 0> sang Birthday of the King." They were accompanied on the piano by J u - hne Adelsman. The 4 were specia luncheon guests of the club The ''Songbirds," who ' gave tneir initial performance at the pr evi o us meeting, gave promise of becoming a permanent song group <.Q-I ^ IT- C ! ub sin Smg. They sang Silent Night" with Tom Mitchell taking the tenor solo after which an members joined in singing the Dec. 24, 1948 Mason City Globe-Gaxelle, Maian City, U. For Playtime rice.' LAND TO CLEAR - In New Guinea, as in Guatemala where Abel took this picture, the land still must be cleared Abel hopes to take bade with him the machinery to do the job and to introduce mechanized farming to one-time head hunters. ' F S^?v M ! GUf ATEMALA-Abel went to Guatemala fcjalvador to find seed for corn which would be aclaptejl to the tropical climate of New Guinea Horn is ->n experimental corn field he photographed at Tiquiiati Newborn Goodell Child Has Tooth Mescrvey — A daughter was born Dec. 12, to Mr. and Mrs. William Sandry of Goodell with a full- grown tooth on the lower gum. Mrs. Sandry is the former Lena Gruis, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Klaus Gruis, of near Meservey. College Students at Rake for Yule Visit Rake — The following college students have arrived to spend the Christmas vacation with their parents here: Marilyn Thompson, La- Mae ingebritson, Gweneth Jutting, Ruth Espeland, Corrine Michaelson and Thomas Heath of Waldorf college at Forest City; Donald Gunderson of Creighton university at Omaha. Nebr.; Roger Hanson of the University of California at Los Angeles; Doris Holecek of Iowa Methodist Nurses School at Des Moines. Betty and Carmen Havnen, Lyle Quam, Ehvood Toft, Orvis Rake, Deryl Underbakke of Luther college at Decurah; Carroll Sunde of St. Olaf college at Northfield, Minn.; Norris Erdal of Lutheran seminary at St. Paul; Arnold Hodnefield of University of Iowa; Burton Erdahl, Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Sheldon of Minnesota university; Mr. and Mrs. Gerald Giselhart'of Luther college; Dennis Jacobson of State School of Science at Wahpeton, N. Dak., and Gene Johnson of Iowa State college at Ames. The word "Calumet" is the name the French gave to the Indian pcacepipe offered Pere Marquette when he explored the Chicago territory in 1675— and in that area there remains a river, lake and harbor by that name. - EGA L NOTICE "12th Month" Philosophy ,,,P£ ctor Gustaf son spoke on the i^m month of the year as the one month when people open their hearts to accept something not accepted during the other 11 months." A number of philosophies entertained those other months were pointed out by the speaker. The Philosophy that lif^has no meaning was named. The very fact that such a view is taken consequently gives it no meaning, he contended Another philosophy of life held during those 11 months is that it is controlled by materialistic jl 8 ' that what a Person eats and has is all. The philosophy that there is no faith except in,"physical power is held by some. Such was the view held by Col. Charles Lindbergh until recently as pointed out in his book, "Of Flight an ,d Life," Doctor Gustafson said But in the 12th month we take on the philosophy that man is inherently good .... The sluice gates open and something touches us. We gain an inner peace and poise that shows us life can be victorious." Willard Thrams was program chairman. Visitors included E H Rimschmidt, Jr., Cedar Rapids; Frol. J. O. Kammerman, Rapid Sty ?' D 5 k ' ; E - Stew *rt Ulrich, Waterloo; E. E. Hart, Newton, and Bud Rae, Macalaster college, St Paul. Special recognition was given the 5 waitresses in the dining room and a gift presented to them by Mr. Klempnauer in behalf of the club. 6,8 For a smart yet sturdy outfit for the youngsters try this cunning coverall suit ... in corudroy! The pattern provides for cutting the jacket with short or long sleeves, the trousers in short or long lengths. No. 3032 is cut in sizes 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 10. Size 4 suit, 3 yards 35 inch. Send 25 cents for Pattern with name, address and style number. State size desired. <^ You can still obtain a copy of the Fall-Winter Fashion book, but better order immediately. This is an extra larga edition showing over 200 pattern styles, easy to make designs for all ages and occasions. Let this book show you how to freshen up your mid-season wardrobe with smart blouses, skirts, jumpers, jerkins, as well as all the smart tricks of fashion in dresses and suits. Price just 20 cents a copy. Address Pattern Department, Mason City Globe-Gazette, 121 W. 19th St., New York 11, N. Y. Induction Deferred Garner—Merle Klinge and Clarence Seebeck, Hancock county se- lectees, who were to have been inducted earlier in December have been granted until Dec. 29 before being inducted to enable them to spend Christmas at home. LAST RITES HELD Fredericksburg—Funeral services were held at the Evangelical church Friday for Henry Drape. 86, who died at his home Wednesday. He is survived by 5 daughters, Mrs. Champ Gross, Cedar Falls; Mrs. Albert Mattke, Mrs. Ed Mattke and Miss Hedwig Drape of Fredericksburg, and 5 sons, Rudy of Minneapolis, Emil, Reseda, Cal.; Alvin, Los Angeles, Cal., and Leo and Henry, Jr, of Fredericksburg. His wife died several years ago. Early American eating places were patterned after European inns, taverns and coffee houses. COAL INDIANA FURNACE LUMP Off Car Friday, Monday and Tuesday. <Pl<5«i)U Ton Waper Coal Co. PHONE 986 LANE BROS., INC. Will Save You Dollars when you MOVE-UR-SELF and DRIVE-UR-SELF Cars and trucks for rent. Everything: furnished but the driveri Phone 447 — 801 South Federal NOTICE OF THE APPOINTMENT OF ADMINISTRATRIX STATE OF IOWA, Ccrro Gordo County. ss. No. 7057. Notice is hereby given, that the undersigned has been riuly appointed and qualified as Administratrix of the estate of William Elmer Johnson, Deceased, Into of Ccrro Gordo County. All persons indebted to said estate are requested to make immediate payment; and those having claims against the same will present them, duly authenticated. lo the undersigned for allowance, and file in the of/ice of the Clerk of the District Court. VINNIF- J. CHRISTENSEN CLOUGH & CLOUGK, Attorneys Dated December 22. 2948 S. H. MacPEAK, Clerk District Court By EVELYN SLOCK, Deputy Electric Motor Repairing By Experienced Men NEW AND USED MOTORS BOUGHT AND SOLD.' ZACK BROS. ELECTRIC CO. 302 Second S. W. Phone 977 1 JUST ARRIVED! ARROW White Shirts Sizes 13 «/ 2 to 18 3 .65 Good Clothes for Men and Boys

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