The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland on September 16, 1939 · Page 6
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The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 6

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Saturday, September 16, 1939
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SIX THE DAILY MAIL, HAGERSTOWN, MD., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1939. UtoiL (Established 1S2S) Published every evening except Sunday by The Mail Publishing: Company. 25 Summit Avenue, Hajjere- town. Maryland. J. A. HAWKEN Editor National Advertising Representatives: Burke. Kuipers & Mahoney. Inc. New York. 1203 Graybar Building- Chicago. 203 North Wabash Avenue- Atlanta, 1601 Rhodes-Haverty Building: Dallas. SOT Southwestern Life Building-; Oklahoma City. 55 S First National Building-. Address all communications to The Daily Mail Editorial. Business or Circulation Department, not to individuals. S. E. PHILLIPS.. .General Manager C. & P.-Phone 104-105-106 Same numbers reach all departments Member Audit Bureau of Circulation SUBSCRIPTION RATES (All Subscription Rates Payable in Advance) Singrle Copy 03 One Month 55 One Fear (by carrier) 6 00 By Mail (Up to Fourth Zone).. 6.00 Fourth. Fifth and Sixth Zones. S.50 Seventh and Eighth Zones 9.50 Entered at the postoffice at Ha- Eerstown as 2nd class matter Dec 12. 1S9S. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Thd Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use of publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also local news published therein. All rights of publication of special dispatches herein mr« also reserved. Today is the second time in a number of years that Hagerstown has had the pleasure and honor of entertaining members of the Associated Press of Maryland and some toppers in the newspaper world from Baltimore, Washington and elsewhere. If today's gathering is as successful as the previous one, wrhich. is indicated, the Morning Herald and the Daily Mail will be gratified and satisfied that they have done a good job. Newsmen, and all others who have ever been in Hagerstown or know of its hospitality, understand that the town's latchstring is always hanging outside. It is difficult to refrain from talking just a bit of shop in extending a welcome to today's visitors, but always look for the (AP) sign on news stories, and you are sure of getting news fresh, fast and accurately. Wherever ther« is news, the (AP) gets it. WHAT WILL CONGRESS DO? ;• The nation will watch with concentrated Interest the proceedings of the special session of Congress summoned by President Roosevelt to convene on September 21. In doing so Mr. Roosevelt has pursued the proper course. What will the result of the deliberations of Congress, which will center around the neutrality law, as indicated, with the possibility of a change in the present law for which there appears to be a preponderance of sentiment. Congress left neutrality where it has been as a controversial question when it adjourned in August. Except in administration circles at Washington and in other quarters the question has received probably less attention than it deserves, but that it is certain to occupy the center of the stage, for how long no one can predict, appears to be a foregone conclusion. Neutrality will be subjected to a More rigid examination and discussion than at any time in the present crisis as it rightfully takes precedence as a major matter involving the position this country shall take regarding the sale of arms or war material to belligerent nations. The present law may be changed to the proposed cash and carry system, but the isolationists are certain to be heard from with their arguments that the only safe plan to prevent the country from becoming involved in the European conflict is to keep hands off entirely. The Philadelphia Record avers. "This is a time when America needs —and expects — statesmanship," with which there is general agreement. In Us editorial comment endorsing the President's summoning of Congress, the Washington Post nays: "There Is every reason why this question should be freely and fully debated. It would not be to the nutlonr.t interest, however, to have tW* t1t*l question made a matter i if ffcrtlmn politics or have its de termination become the victim of' obstructionist tactics. In this connection it is a happy augury that the President has requested leaders of both parties to meet with him the day prior to the convening of Congress to discuss the whole situation." The Baltimore Sun flatly states that Congress should adopt the neutrality program proposed by Secretary Hull pointing out the shortcomings in the present law and the benefits that could be expected to accrue from the Hull program. The Sun contends that the present law is "a bad law and a dishonest law" and "is better designed- to take us into war than to keep us out of it. It believes, further, that the amendments suggested by Mr. Hull and approved by Mr. Roosevelt have the double advantage of facing the facts and providing greater protection against embroilment." They Shall Not Pass SCOTCH PROFITEERS In lifting import duties on sugar President Roosevelt struck at speculation, which invariably leads to profiteering. The President said his, action was taken to combat speculators who have taken advantage of the war situation to fatten their profits. What he has done toward protecting the consumer against speculative methods in this household commodity has been acclaimed as an act in the direct interest of the consumer. An instance of the tendency to take advantage of an increase in the price of sugar is reported from a Washington county town where, it is said, a merchant, when sugar advanced from 5 to 6 cents a pound, jumped his price to 8 cents. All other merchants in the town, it is reported, were selling sugar at 6 cents. This is an example of small profiteering at the expense of the public and indicates the possibilities at the top for speculators. Consumers can help scotch profiteering in sugar and all other commodities by buying according to their needs, thereby helping to protect themselves and keep the situation in hand. IT DEPENDS ON CHILD To spank or not to spank, is a perennial question on the programs for parent-teacher conferences and teachers' meetings. In the old days, before the words, psychology and pedagogy, got mixed in the discussion, decisions were mad-e- largely by the convenience and temperament of grownups. In recent years the notion has prevailed that anyone in authority who punishes a child by laying on of hands, is just a big bully. Still the question continues to pop up. At a parent-teacher institute held recently in Chapel Hill, N. C., Dr. W. D. Parry, of the University of North Carolina, said that temperament of the child should be considered in administering punishm-ent, but in many cases old-fashioned spanking will be found best. Appealing to the 150 parents present, he found that all but four backed his opinion. Intelligent parents and teachers know that the purpose of any discipline is to help the child choose right conduct. Whether physical punishment does good or harm will depend on the effect on the child's sence of justice. If he knows afterwards that he had it coming to him and that dad or teacher was fair and square about it, his lasting impression will be good. If he is left with the belief that his spanking was due to ugliness or selfishness of grownups, he may be permanently harmed. Each special case should be settled in the inner consciousness of the parent or the teacher. Decisions honestly so made are much more- important than the generalizations of parent-teachers meetings. Washington Daybook — •— • By Preston Grover— PREDICTS SOUND RECOVERY Citing new products and new processes. Alfred P. Sloane, chairman of General Motors, told the stockholders in a special statement accompanying his annual report that "there exist the fundamental elements essential to a broad and sound business recovery with new job opportunities." In obvious criticism of prolonged opposition to Roosevelt recovery efforts, the chairman said: "We have / had forced on our attention too WASHINGTON, Sept. 16.—Th e surprise sinking of the passenger steamer Athenia might act as a warning to England that she had better adopt at once the system of anti-submarine warfare that America perfected for her during the World war. It was tough-minded old Admiral Sims an d his staff who taught England that a mine barrage could be laid across the principal submarine outlet into the Atlantic. Thereafter Germany "officially'' lost a dozen submarines among the mines and an unestimated number that failed to leave any trace. It was Admiral Sims and his officers who also perfected the convoy system that permitted U. S. troops to get to France with the loss of only one boat. The Athenia evidently was without convoy of any kind. The "Lusitanis" The Lusitania had somewhat the friendly stories arose about her. The Lusitauia sailed with a cargo of American and foreign passengers, together with some war materials, straight in the face of warnings published by Germany in American newspapers that the boat was certain to be a target for submarines. When it reached the submarine zone it got no protective convoy. Further, for some reason which has not yet been explained, the commander of the ship did not zig-zag as she approached home. That Is one way of preventing submarines from getting a proper aim. Further the commander slowed his speed to barely half the ship's maximum. The Lusitania was cold meat to a submarine. Repeatedly it has been suggested, and repeatedly it has been denied, that England let the Lusitania run the gauntlet without protection in the expectation that her would arouse American sinking further against German "atrocities" and bring America into the war on the side of the Allies. There isn't a shred of evidence surface for a second's look-see. At the slightest hint of the presto associate the Athenia with such stories, but the general effect on American sentiment appears much much the descending spiral of events that led to depression lows. It seems advisable to recall here that there are equally effective and powerful forces which will build an ascending spiral leading to new levels of prosperity and progress. The horizons of enterprise were never broader than they are today. New knowledge and new skills have opened up fields of possibilities little dreamed of even a decade ago. With only casual public notice, there has been emerging from industrial laboratories and scientific workshops everywhere during the depression years a flow of new products and new concepts which bid fair to create for us, in reality, a new world of tomorrow." the same as that generated by the Lusitania. The "American Plan" The convoy system, designed to prevent such tragedies, works well: A group of cago vessels sets out from America. The ships may be convoyed entirely across the Atlan- tice if the cargoes are ws-rth the additional trouble. In any event, a convoy of fast submarine chasers or destroyers picks up the group far out in the Atlantic and swiftly herds them into port. The gun boats watch the Blow cargo vessels as sheepdogs watch a band of woolies. They circle them, dart in and out among them while all vessels keep an ever-watchful eye for any periscope that may be jabbed above the ence they drop depth bombs which are so powerful they will crack the seams of submarines as much as 75 yards from the burst. A whole pattern of depth bombs may be dropped. Depth bombs are cheap, compared with cargo vessels. In the submarine zone the cargo ships zig-zag and wriggle in irregular courses. That makes it difficult for the submarine to aim its torpedoes, especially since the presence of the sub-chasers may keep the 'submarine two miles or more away from the target. You can just about bank on it: The "American plan" will prevent the sinking of such a high percentage of cargo vessels as England lost during the early months of the submarine campaign last time. Man About Manhattan ——ly 9Mfft Tucfcy ' • NEW YORK, Sept. 16.—The New York home offices of the major motion picture companies are afraid that before Christmas half of their staffs will be let out. The declaration of war was a wet sponge across their order sheets, and if Canada should go on a war footing, following Britain and France, a terrific foreign sales would be eliminated. Already most of the big-budget pictures have been cancelled. From this day on the top pictures produced by Hollywood will not go more than a third or half their former costs. It was from the foreign fields that most of Hollywood's net profits were derived. The American audiences served merely to cancel the production costs. * * * In the light of this, "Gone With the Wind" is apt to have tragic consequences for the people who sank three million dollars into its production. Even if Britain and other warring nations do use the picture, no money will be permitted to leave those countries. That is the grim actuality being faced by those who gamble for great fortunes by sinking fortunes in the cinema. In the New York offices on Broadway most of the employes are a jittery lot. They read their mail with their hats and coats on. If a memo from "upstairs" comes down, if a call comes through" fron Hollywood, they hold their breaths. Each slam of the door may mean a one-way ticket into unemployment. It may surprise you as it did me, to learn the significance of the foreign field. I always thought that America paid the cost and the gravy and that foreign rentals on films was just additional sugar. * * * Apparently most of the margin of profit comes from abroad. Let's say, for example, that a picture costs a million dollars. You have to sell a lot of tickets before the percentage of the producing firm gets is sufficient to equal the full expenditure. But once this is achieved, te producers are happy. The rentals from Europe, Asia, Australia and South America are net gains. If you remove these fields, or even an appreciable portion of them, prospects, for a return on Investments already beyond recall are pretty dim. All this means that stars will have to be cut from three to two thousand dollars a week. Many of the middle men will have to be eliminated. In times of stress, heads in the home offices are always the first to fall. What this means to you who devour the Hollywood product, my confrere in Hollywood. Robin Coons already has pointed out. The million-dollar productions will disappear and in their places will come the small-budget pictures. But we have an idea that ace producers, directors, writers and casts, working on limited funds, will.try themselves and the result —and we will venture a ticket to the Radio City Music Hall on it if you are in a betting mood—will be better entertainment than you have had in a long time. Wasn't there sornthing somewhere about necessity being the mother of somebody or other? JUST FOLKS By EDGAR A. GUEST WHO HE IS pOWBOYS driving Texas ^ steers up the Ch.isholrrvtrail to Kansas used to chant melodies that John A. Lomax liked as a boy. He remembered some, collected more, and in 1911 published a book of them, the first in the U. S. with words and music, he says. Now, as curator of the Congressional Library's folk song archives, he and son Alan, who works there too, have collected 2,800 records with 10,000 folk songs on them. Besides cowboy songs, collector Lomax has recorded the folk ballads of the "Cajuns" in Southern Louisiana, songs of farmers, soldiers, sailors, ox drivers, laborers, housewives, guitar strummcrs, mountaineers, who tell the story of what they think and feel in song, of- terTcornposing as they go. He particularly likes Negroes and their music, and has visited every Negro prison in the South to get the songs they sing on work gangs. He has traveled 300,000 miles since 1931 and is wearing out his fifth automobile. He is 68, bald, father of two boys, two girls. Son Alan sang cowboy songs for the King and Queen at the White House. "I'm an absolute ignoramus about music except that I like folk songs. "I think swing comes out of jazz and jazz comes from the Negro — probably brought it with him in. barbaric African chants. Ignorant Negroes had no way to get it from Broadway. 'Broadway got it from them. "But American. Negroes give us lots more'than jazz. They're the hope of American music. They make up words and music about things they feel. They can get joy out of jazzing their spirituals and dancing in their churches. They see no harm in that because they're singing holy songs. "Negro blues are their most characteristic songs outside of spirituals. The blues have come to the city now, but I don't know whether they have any relation to jazz or not. "A Negro sings real blues songs to tell about his troubles. Usually they're about his woman—and how he wants to get back to her. "One Negro I knew sang himself into a prison pardon. I took a record of his song to the governor of the state. It went, GROWTH IN LIFE Some rnen there are who seem to think This life is merely meat, and drink And gaudy raiment. And others hold 'tis meant alone For shaping wood or hewing stone For weekly payment. But still another set Incline To art in some particular line. The fathers aud the mothers all Believe that in their children small Lies all the glory. And some there are in asphodel Zinnia and canterbury bell Would tell their story. They reckon life so many hours Invested here in garden flowers. 1C life for my delight were meant I could be with my books content And seldom troubled. If there were nothing more desired Of me than what my needs required, Though they were doubled. Still at my fireside I could stay And gladly read the years away. But who would to man's stature grow- More than his own small world must know And his own caring. He must learn much from loss and gain And fit himself for grief and pain, And fir. for sharing. For much of him while he survives. Is part of many other lives. WHAT'S YOUR' NEWS 1.0 THIS} WEEKf 8y Th« AP Ftaturt Servie* 1. Does the British government "assume" war will last (a) 6 months, (b) one year, or (c) three years? 2. What cabinet member passed out cigars recently? Why? 3. Do you know "Miss America" (riffht) by her other name? 4. Fill the blanks: King Peter of i. recently celebrated his birthday. 5. Canada recently made her first declaration of war in history. True or false? 6. Who relinquished his appointment as Governor Genera! of Australia? Why? 7. What member of the British cabinet holds the same post he held during the World war? 8. Identify the pilot (left) who won the $16,000 Thompson trophy race at Cleveland. 9. IT. S. tennists successfully defended the Davis cup. True or false? 10. Name the three men who'll meet with the President's cabinet "for the duration of the emergency." Each question counts 10; • seort of 60 is fair, 80 good. (Answers Found On Page 10) First Steps With Peonies Flower growers will find a wealth of practical information in ^ur peony planting guide. To obtain a free copy, merely send a 3-cent stamp to the Agricultural Editor with your request. Too, if there are any problems with this and other flow.ers, do not miss the opportunity to write the editor for all the information you desire. Peonies should be planted the second or third week in September. Soils should be prepared soon. Therefore, there is little time remaining to start work on plans for growing this old favorite. NAME ' STREET OR ROUTE '. POSTOFFICE STATE Address letter to THE MORNING HERALD Agricultural Editor, Box 1528, Washington, D. C. THINGS OF THE SOIL By DAN VAN GORDER Questions of lawns, gardens, poultry, livestock, orcharding arn: •,'rjneral farming are discussed In this department. Readers have here access to the Information and advice furnished by our agricultural editor. Inquirle- on a.11 phases of noils and crops will b« answered by return mail. Address letters to The Mall Information Bureau. Van Gorder Service. Inc.. Washington. D. C. THE world hasn't changed much since America was young. The only difference is that the victims of its madness aren't called witches now. 'If I had you where you got me, I'd wake up in the mornin' and set you free.' And the governor did. "I don't copyright all the folksongs we find. I've always had the idea that you can't copyright a folksong any more than you can bottle up the perfume of a flower." — Jack Thompson, AP Feature Service Writer The diamond that set off the great, mining boom in South Africa was discovered by children. SEE the Largest Selections of Hiflh Grade FURNITURE in Hagerstown MEYERS & BERKSON il - 43 Peony Planting Time Is Near Successful growers ot the reigning favorite among old-fashioned garden flowers, the peony, recognize at least eight common causes of failure, at least three of which are closely related to soil and methods of preparation. Therefore, growers unacquainted with the simple requirements of this flower should turn their attention to early August choice of sites, ordering of roots, and preparation of soil for early September planting. It may be pertinent to list here these eight causes of peonies failing to bloom or remaining weak— (1) Too deep planting; (2) Hard, dry soils lacking organic matter; (3) Shallow and- poorly drained soils; (4) excessive shade; (5) Competition from roots of nearby trees or shrubs; (R) Lack of readily available plant foods; (7) Improper division of roots; and (S) Insects and diseases. These are listed in approximate order of their importance. Perhaps first among questions by beginners with peonies is—When should new roots be planted and old clumps divided and replanted. The answer to this question '-eveuls the importance of choosing sites and preparing soil during the last half of August. Mid-September is peony planting time, in fact, some growers hold to the strict rule of planting new roots or old divisions on September 15 or at least within two or three rlays of that date. This hardy flower likes a deep, well drained loam into which the roots can delve freely for moisture and sustenance. Poqr drainage is second only to shallow or hard soils in causing weak growth and bloom failures. If the soi.l is shallow or lacks organic matter where peonies are to be planted, plenty of fertile loam should be spaded deeply into the site along with well decomposed and finely pulverized manure. This should be done at least three weeks before planting time. A few hand fills of bone meal may prove beneficial where fertility is lacking. Often the grower meets these soil requirements fully and still sees his peony plants remain puny. In such cases the trouble may be found either in methods of planting or the theft of fertility and moisture by roots of shade trees or shrubs growing nearby. Either cause is quite easy to determine. The tendency is to cover roots too deeply at planting time. While the soil should be firmed well around the roots, the crown buds should be barely covered after the soil settles, preferably with the settled crown level with the surfound- ing soil. Another point on which much controversy exists is the frequency with which old clumps should be divided and replanted. No rule Is practicable. But rather the grower should leave the clumps undis- turbed until growth indicates that the roots are crowding or fertility tiring. This may occupy four or five years after planting or forty or fifty years. Too frequent dividing leads to weakened plants. All read- era interested in growing this fine flower are invited to send Vne €di- tor a 3-cent stamp for a free copy of our peony planting instructions. BEAR-ING THE FACTS YELLOWSTONE NAT1 O N A L PARK, Wyo., Sept. 16 (/P).—There is a court in Yellowstone park, complete with chief, justice, prosecuting attorney and defense attorney, that weighs the guilt, or innocence of bears. Evidence concerning the mischievousness of bears frequently is so conflicting the chief ranger decided the bruins, favorites with park visitors, were entitled to hearings before being convicted of viciousness. Most prevalent charge against a bear is biting a human being. When a tourist makes such a charge a ranger is sent to capture the bear, his case is placed before the court and the chief justice and a jury of rangers decides his fate. First offenders usally arc given probation; second offenders are sentenced to be hauled off to a remote corner of the park and the "habitual criminal" type sometimes faces a firing squad. Don't Be Satisfied With Only A Few Eggs FEED CONKEY'S Y. O. EGG MASH Order Yours Today HOWARD'S 7 E. Baltimore St. Theme CONSULT US For complete details of available fire protection. R. M. Hays & Bros., Inc. Meilink Safes Bamboo Rakes R. D. McKEE WJ.E.J. 6.15PM Second National Bank The Oldest Bank In Hart SchafFner & Marx SUITS and Stetson HATS MUSEY & EVANS 59 West Washington Street "LUNCH ROOMS A TAVERNS' Get our Prices on "BUTTERED POPCORN" By the Can (TT T A STBS DIFFERENT) CAUFFMAN'S Cut Rate STORE •0 K«*t Wnnhlnitto'ft Strrvt

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