Freeport (III.) Journal-Standard, Thursday, July 17, 1975 p age 7 II. No. Customs Officer Cracks Down r,o,. ». o N u A y •„„... t . to T „ „ H 8 „ A Y0cio ... Itt .„,. . OA? Jo/?A7 Hancock For Smuggling ..-> Artlelri of Aefement concerning .Hxt- lni]HKtntii>ti, titrrrH into MI) Ctgaed Au- K iifl 1768, «re infetted ciralfi In thii rV ( .f r, that (he Candid ReidVr nut compare thrlllt of A'licUsnllowrd to be Imparted wild llu- tallowing Minifeft. Kirlr, Thtt ro» vAll ntt lt*i ftr tr imftrt frtm Srtil- Britain, tittar tfm t*r tvi* tttrml, tr vf- it ttmmijft*, thiijlU, MHJ ttttr gttili M<» mlM tn tint ifjf trltriiftr the fill flfffy Sj'coiidlr, TA«« *t*m*rtfttiJftrtrimftTt ««» kitil.tf tttJfJrmtKfutfitefnri Crttt Bri. (tin, iMf 11 tur MM tftvimt, tr t* etmrnljluu, tr »H f tlktrvrifi, frtm Ilii tft tf Jatttn t »« 9 , o it* if ^ 7-J.^nr/1 T*>. Mxctrr Salt» Coals, Fifli-Hooks, Dudt, Bar-Lead, Shot, Wool-CarJ*, •nd Card-Wire. •tWrdty, T»«f w» vil/ »tl fvttaft tfan< fit~ he,, tr tlhrt, tKj kinJi tf gMi imftrltt/frtm Crt* Brini,, frtm Jn. 17*9, tt J t ». | 7TO . fanrlhly, 71* vr«i// ntt imftrt, «• ff«r •»* ftttunt, tr tn etmmi/et, tr ffrtkmft tf tMf «4t H^i! imftrt frtm **j ttktr Ctltnj h Jmtrlt*,frtm ., i_ ...__..„ Tt*,Gltfi,l>ip,r t ^^ - .* * - * •-* * ~ * yi- "r" i u *trrftiJntmmt*l, imp-nut frtm Gr. Briltia tt tf 1****rj 1769, , TM, Ptftr, Clufi, tr Ptuiltr, ttlriri until -•'-••- HI, Majnifeftof the Cargo of the Ship Bo/to* Packet i Jaunt Seott, Mafter, froth Lomdon, takenfromitheCockett andmanlfeJ}tJwortHa*ytfi*Maft# t \oth Jugult, if 69, which Jay the veKl -u>at entered at the Cmflom-lunftj Bofton .-—Owner, JOHN HANCOCK of Baffoa. The Good* *>«r* flipped between the 6th, and 23* Jwte, 1769. *>»*'' Knttin. fubtti. Ctntint,, . Tt ••«• «•&** f H J ' H< fce. J.kJ.Am^r Jofcph Cio* ditto Ailum kntfCapperu rewter Wro»ght Br«f« Staiioujiy 30 rfoi. Hulc t too Elli German liueu 34 pieces Stuff* Britifc Pi- •-'"—7 / Uwu* -WIW.» M.lli««** ,6 9 pieces Stuffs Silk & worrted t 41 _ piccei (luffi f iVrought filk,.few- II I tt <(r. btrreji 1 «4i«(U I trunk i twg ^inkle and :wiftt J Guupowder Tea 9 Demy C*nihiicks, jfioyds. (quarc printed C«llico, Ii8 Elli German linen, 106 yell, (irintf.l line,). Peptr J. and W. PcwtJI THE LOYALISTS of Boston had a strong champion In John Meln, publisher of the Boston Chronicle, which appeared from late 1767 to June 1770. Meln, who didn't mind disputes, vigorously defended British policy. When the Committee of Merchants of Boston organized a nonimportation agreement, Meln would not be bullied Into signing. Instead he printed lists of cargoes and Importers. In this embarrassing Issue Mein printed the names of consignees of British goods, Including the famous Patriot, John Hancock. - American Antiquarian Society. Romania Signs Coal Pact (EDITOR'S NOTE: This Is the 14th In a weekly series of articles prepared by the American Newspaper Publishers Association and the American Antiquarian Society looking back on the events of two centuries ago In the American colonies.) By DR. FRANCIS G. WALETT American Antiquarian Society On May 9, 1768, a colonial customs officer named Thomas Kirk boarded John Hancock's sloop, the Liberty, which was tied up at the owner's wharf along the north end waterfront of Boston. He was suspicious of the small entry of 25 casks of Madeira wine as the total amount subject to duty. Kirk quickly discovered much more Madeira than had been declared. Capt. James Marshall of the vessel offered the customary bribe so that the cargo might be unloaded, but Kirk refused to take it. Thereupon Marshall and his men locked the'customs official tn the cabin and proceeded to hoist the casks out of the hold and take them ashore. When the job was finished Captain Marshall threatened Kirk's property and life if he told anyone about the af- . fair, and the terrified officer reported to his, superior that the cargo entered for the Liberty was correct. About a month later the Liberty was still at the wharf being loaded for an outward voyage. By this time Capt. Marshall had died and the 50-gun warship, Romney had arrived in Boston harbor. Feeling safer now, Kirk told the true story of the events of May 9. With this information the comptroller of the customs, Benjamin Hallowcll, went down to the dock and had the broad arrow (signifying government property) painted on the Liberty's side. > , When sailors from the Romney were cutting Hancock's sloop from her moorings, to tow the ship out into the harbor under cover of the warship's guns, they were insulted and pelted with rocks and bricks by a crowd of hoodlums. The mob then followed the customs officials to their homes, striking and shoving them all the way. The collector's son was knocked down and dragged by the hair on his head through the streets. At the commissioners' homes windows were smashed and other damage done. In another pointed demonstration a gang of toughs hauled a boat belonging to one of the customs officers up to the , Common. There in front of Hancock's mansion they burned the boat. While this was taking place the mob was worked up by a Patriot orator: "We will support our liberties depending on the strength of our own arms and God." Lt. Gov. Thomas Hutchinson wrote that the rioters had "got some rum and attempted to get more; if they had procured it in quantity God knows where this fury would have ended." These incidents were all part of the colonists' protests against the Townshend Acts of 1767. These laws had -added new tariffs on goods imported by the Americans and the customs administration had been reformed. John Dickinson and others had declared the Townshend Revenue Act unconstitutional, and had pointed out that strict enforcement of trade regulations would have a ruinous economic effect on the colonies. For merchants who had been carrying on smuggling defiantly - often securing the connivance of customs officers by the payment of bribes - more efficient enforcement of the law meant the loss of profitable business. Using whatever means they could find (even violence if necessary) colonial smugglers tried to carry on business as usual. Only a short while before the Liberty affair, another Hancock vessel, the Lydia, was the scene of trouble. Noting that the cus- (Contfnucd on page 9) LEXINGTON,Ky.(UPI) - Island Creek Coal Co., headquartered here, Vednesday announced it has competed a $50 million agreement with Romania involving a southern Virginia coal mine. Former U.S. Sen. Albert Gore, D- Tenh., said Island Creek will build a ligh-grade coal mine in Buchanan County, Virginia, with the investment from the Balkan nation. Gore has just returned from negotiar tions on the agreement in Bucharest. He said the agreement was signed by two Romanian government officials and by himself for Occidental Petroleum Co.,.parent company of Island Creek. The former senator is chairman of Island Creek and a director of Occidental. He said Romania will get one third of the Virginia mine's anticipated one- million tons annual output. Island .Creek will retain 40 million tons for itself annually and will receive • an operating fee for managing the mine. Plan Your Tomorrow} Today At HIGHLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE / 3 OTi summer sportswear by famous California makers Add up the savings while you scoop up fabulous fashion . . . short sleeved and sleeveless tank tops, shorts, culottes and pants in cotton knit and polyester-cotton. 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