Lenox Time Table from Lenox, Iowa on February 27, 1936 · Page 6
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Lenox Time Table from Lenox, Iowa · Page 6

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Thursday, February 27, 1936
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LENOX TIME TABLE, LENOX, IOWA By Edwar Pickard © Wtstm Union TVA Held Valid on All Points at Issue S CORE one for the New Deal; and a big one. The Supreme court In Its long awaited decision ruled that the Tennessee Valley Authority act Is valid, on all points at Issue in of that mountain would mark the cessation of activities because of the coming March rains. It was estimated that In this bat tie more than 0,000 Ethiopians had been killed and many times that number wounded. The Italian casualties were not announced, but they undoubtedly were not light Chief Justice Hughes stockholders of the Alabama Power company. Under the ruling the administration Is free to go ahead with its power program In the Tennessee valley actually under way. The decision was rend by Chief Justice Hughes and was concurred In by all the associate justices except Justice McReynolds. He read a dissenting opinion. Because of circumscribed limits the decision was much narrower than most of the New Deal findings of the Supreme court. It wns limited strictly to the terms of the contract on which the suit was brought, namely, acquisition by TVA of a transmission Hue to convey power from the Wilson dam. the suit brought Dy On]y w , )|te Itn)Inng participated In the fighting. Substitute Farm Bill Passed by Senate T EN days of hot debate In the senate culminated in the passage of the administration's substitute farm bill by a vote of 50 to 20, and it was hurried over to the house with the prospect of quick approval by that body. Attacked by Republicans as a subterfuge to get around the Supreme court AAA decision, and frankly conceded by Democrats to be a measure indirectly continuing control of form production, the soil erosion bill would accomplish Its objective as follows: The secretary of agriculture would be empowered to make benefit payments to farmers who voluntarily co-operate with the government's suggestions on retiring certain land Germany Warned to Keep Troops Off the Rhine F RANCE believes Hitler Is Just waiting for n favorable opportir nlty to announce that Germany will re-arm the Hhtnelund, contrary to the terms of the treaty of Versailles, but she does not Intend to be caught napping as she wns when he sprang his announcement of com pulsory military service for the whole German nation. So F'remler Van Zceland of .Belgium was summoned to Paris and he and French Foreign Minister Plerre-Etlenne Flandin Issued a warning that the remilitarization of the Rhlneland would bring Immediate reprisals. The exact nature of the reprisals agreed upon between Flandin and Van Zeelund wns not revealed, but it is declared they have been worked out to the last detail and will be applied automatically and simultaneously by the two countries. It Is believed In Paris that Great Britain has agreed to support action contemplated by France and Belgium, and that meanwhile Belgium wll) complete her system of border fortl' ficatlons. Washington Digest /| ., . , -r .**, . . , Jm I ^OlIl^Miai IV^^-/FV-J fill. T, l ^/ | ^ V ^ V_4 -jyvi By WILLIAM BRUCK^ART , Certain phases are still open for from production to conserve its fer- posslble legal contest in the future, and only Wilson dam, not Norris dam or any other dam constructed or projected on the Tennessee river •was Involved in the finding. The legal right of the federal government to acquire and own transmission lines to a market for surplus energy—never before directly passed upon by the United States Supreme court—was ruled upon In the affirmative. Unanswered Is the question of what constitutes surplus power. Among the chief points In the majority opinion were these: The government had full authority to build Wilson dam—keystone of TVA. Congress has undisputed power to order disposal of electricity developed at the dam. The government acted legally In building or obtaining through purchase from private companies certain transmission lines to transport power to a wider market The government has the same right to dispose of surplus power as It would have to dispose of copper, gold, and minerals on public lands. Justice McReynolds In answer to this said: "If under the thin mask of disposing of property the United States can enter the business of generating, transmitting and selling power, as, when and wherever, Borne board may specify, with the definite design to accomplish ends wholly beyond the sphere marked out for them by the Constitution, an easy way has been found for breaking down the limitations heretofore supposed to guarantee protection against aggression." Chairman Frank R. McNinch of the federal power commission said the TVA decision "settles all questions of constitutionality of such federal projects as Grand Coulee, Bonneville and Fort Peck." Military Revolt in Paraguay Succeeds T> BVOLUT10NARIES, mostly mll- **• Itary and led by Colonels Smith and Recalde, veterans of the Chaco war, took possession of the government of Paraguay after some fighting In the streets of Asuncion, the capital. The government forces surrendered to the rebels and President Ayala took refuge on a gunboat. It was believed a new government would be formed with Col. Rafael Franco as Its head. He Is now an exile in Buenos Aires. Italians Win Big Battle With the Ethiopians TT\ ELATED dispatches from the •*-' Italian neldquarters in northern Ethiopia tell of a six-day battle, the fiercest and most important of the war so far, in which the forces of General Badoglio, about 70,000 In number, defeated and routed 80,000 Ethiopians, including 10,000 of the emperor's guard under Ras Mulug- heta, war minister, and 70,000 warriors under Has Kassa _ and Ras Seyoum. Gen ' B»doqllp The Italians were left in full possession of the fertile and strategic Enderto region and In control of the 'passes in the Tembien region. After six days of encircling operations, during which torrential rains bogged the field of battle and heavy'Clouda enabled the Ethiopians to make Invisible movements, the March 28 division of blackshlrts .planted the Italian flag on the mist- .veiled high summit of Aradam, conv that particular operation, bad a clear path to Amba JAlagla, 18 miles further south, and (It was presumed that the taking | tllity. Payments would be determined on four factors: 1. Acreage of crop land. 2. Acreage of soil Improving crops. 3. Changes In farming practices. 4. Percentage of normal farm production which equals that percentage of normal national production of farm commodities required for domestic consumption. This arrangement would be limited to two years. It would be replaced by a system of 48 Individual state AAA's to regulate production, with the federal government apportioning funds to the states, Instead of to farmers. The senate bill provides the state systems may be set up at any time during the next two years. Senator Black's Inquisition Creates Resentment ^ENATOR HUGO L. BLACK of ^ Alabama and his lobby Investigation committee are creating a flood of resentment among American citizens that Is likely to do vastly more harm than good to the New Deal. Quite without concealment Black is using the committee In a way that thousands of people do not like. He sent out a questionnaire to individuals and organizations known to be opposed to the Senator Black New Deal, demanding Information on their relations with all organizations and their corporation and other investments. Many refused to answer the questions, and they are supported in this position by the American Liberty league, which has challenged the right of Black's committee to compel answer under oath to the queries. In effect, the league dares Black to cite for contempt of the senate those who refuse to reply to the questionnaire. Senator Black's only reply to date was that It was "a little dim- cult to believe that the league would attempt to intimidate or coerce Its own members to keep their mouths shut until the du Fonts say they can talk." House Passes the Huge War Department Bill 'TpHE War department bill, appro- •*• printing approximately 545 million dollars for "national defense" was passed by the house. For purely military purposes the sum of $370,800,333 is allotted. The remainder, $168,359,085, goes for rivers and harbors projects, generally classed as "pork." An attempt to put back Into the bill a $20,000,000 appropriation for carrying on such projects as the Passamaquoddy tidal power experiment In Maine and the Florida ship canal was suppressed firmly. Plan to Cash the Bonus Without New Taxes A CTING on behalf of the senate ** finance committee, Senator Byrnes consulted the executive department and then Introduced an amendment to the independent offices appropriation bill to provide $1,746,000.000 to cash the veterans' bonus. He predicted that It would require no new taxes. The sum mentioned will be sufficient, Byrnes said, together with the 254 million dollars now In the adjusted service certificate fund, to pay In full every outstanding bonus certificate. In addition to appropriating the cash, the Byrnes amendment would transfer 507 million dollars In bonds to the United States government l|fe Insurance fund to repay loans on bonus certificates. Newton D. Baker Heads Special Bar Committee P RESIDENT WILLIAM RANSOM of the American Bar association, with headquarters In Chicago, announced that Newton D. Baker, former secretary of war, has accepted the chairmanship of the association's special committee on cooperation between the press, radio and bar against pub- 1 i c 11 y interfering with fair trial of judicial and quasi- judicial p roc eed- ings. The creation of the special committee to define standards to be recommended to lawyers, newspsi pers and radio broadcasters In the matter of publicity to the court trials, said the announcement, Is an outcome of the Incidents arising In the course of the Bruno Hauptmann trial and various proceedings before government boards and bodies, "and it is hoped that such standards can be made effective through rules of court or through legislation." Russia and Japan Agree to Investigate Clashes A CCORDING to an official com•** munlque issued at Moscow, the Soviet and Japanese governments have agreed In principle to the appointment of a mixed commission to Investigate clashes on the Soviet- Manchukuan border. The offer of the Japanese government to enter Into such an arrangement was communicated to the foreign office by Japanese Ambassador Tameklchl Ota. G. S. Stomonla- koff, Russian vice commissar for foreign affairs, pointed out that the Soviet government frequently has made similar proposals in the past. The Soviet government ordered its consulate at Mukden, Manchu- kuo, closed, but an official spokesman declined to connect the order with recent clashes between Jap- anese-Manchukuan and Outer Mongolian troops on the Outer Mongolian border. Norway Wins Winter Olympic Games DILING up a total of 140 points, * the Norwegians won first place In the winter Olympic games at Garmlsch-Partenklrchen, Germany. Germany was second with 117 points, and the United States was fifth with 35%. Norway's speed skaters and ski jumpers were Invincible. The only title won by Americans was In the two-man bobsled event captured by Ivan Brown and Alan Washbond of Keene Val' ley, N. Y. Pan-American Parley on Peace Proposed T UTTERS have been •»—' President Roosevelt heads of the Latlu-American government inviting them to participate in a I'an-Ainericun conference, probably In Washington, the purpose of which will be to organize the peace machinery of the western hemisphere. Our State department says the meeting will endeavor to provide means for adjusting International disputes by peaceful means. The conference may. bring up the Monroe Doctrine for a new definition through multilateral endorsement. League of Nations Moves Into Its New Palace W ITHOUT especial ceremony the League of Nations moved Into its magnificent new home, the white stone palace built for It on the shore of Lake Leiuan Just outside the city of Geneva. The structure Is not yet completed, for there were delays caused by disputes among the architects of various nations. The large central assembly room will not be ready before September, and the library, to which John P. Rockefeller, Jr., donated $2,000,000. cannot be occupied for several weeks. The palace Is really composed of several buildings. One long wing contains the secretariat, another the counctj ball, a thlnj the library, and a fourth the assembly bay. sent by to the Washington. —- We have a new farm relief law on the way. The natural and logl New Farm en i question Is Relief Law what does li mean? A parallel question Is, vp';at will It do? And among the cold and non-partisar analysts of the Washington field one also hears a third question, namely, is the sponsorship of any of the numerous farm plans, Republican or Democratic, sincere? Congress, for the sake of Its political hide, Is anxious to do right by agriculture. It Is attempting to supplant the invalidated Agricultural Adjustment act with a law about which its Individual campaigning members can talk, to which they can point with pride. But there are other and unofficial farm plans bobbing up here, there and everywhere. It seems to be the open season for proposals to aid agriculture. Few, if any, of them are grounded completely In sound practice. Each of them ought to be conceded commendation for some of the provisions they Include. None of them, including that which is backed by the New Dealers, Is go- Ing to completely solve the farm problem because we are going to have the farm problem with us for next year and the next and a good many years thereafter whether we like It or not. The tragedy of the current situation is that the farm relief plans, taken individually or collectively, constitute—I was going to say a mess and on second thought I believe that Is the most appropriate word that can be used. Throughout the administration's proposal for aid to agriculture and permeating every other proposal that has been put forward, whether by statesmen or panacea promoters. one can find a splendid collection of objectives that cancel each other. I mean exactly that. Recognizing the breadth of the statement I have Just made, evidence seems to be necessary. Let os look at these various plans, or certainly at the one that Is scheduled to take the place of AAA. • * • First, the administration proposes to take something like five hundred million Purpose dollars each year la O. K. from taxpayers in one form or anther to use for benefit payments to farmers. It proposes to use these funds to save the soil, to prevent further carrying away of productive elements In our soil by continued cropping. New Dealers -describe the purpose as prevention of erosion. With that purpose, It seems to me, there can be no quarrel. Ever since the successive portions of our country were settled and the forest coverings removed, soil has been subject to erosion by rain, flood and by wind. The Department of Agriculture says that, the top soil of probably fifty million acres has been destroyed in that manner. It would seem, then, that It was high time our government was finding ways to stop It. Admitting the soundness of this phase of the program, one then must turn to another phase that is not written into law but results from It. If the fertility of soil is Improved, Is It not natural then that there should be an Increase In production? And If there is an Increase In production, Is It not logical further that we may find ourselves developing a huge surpjus of commodities from the farm—and with no foreign market? The answer obviously Is, yes. So, we find these two circumstances In the administration farm bill, proposed, even driven, by that group of New Dealers who, until a few months ago, were declaring here, there and everywhere that to maintain price we must have scarcity of production. That theory was basic In the AAA and was carried out to the furthest by Secretary Wallace and Administrator Chester Davis. There seems to be no doubt among students of the farm problem thi}t _ • a subsidy, wheth- Must Pay e r by that name Benefits or some trick phrase, for agriculture cannot be avoided. Some way, somehow, money Is going to be taken gut of the federal treasury to pay benefits, subsidies, to the farm population. I do not know whether anyone can predict where such a policy will lead as a long- term national program. Political figures seem to be content with a temporary solution, something to get farm votes. In all of the debate that has moved through the ventilators of the house and senate chambers, discussion of the farm problem on a long-term basis has been noticeably absent. This fact Is Juat as true when anti-New Peal farm programs are subjected to a searching analysis as is the 1 administration's plan itself. It applies to the proposal of an export bounty, offered by Senator McNary, senate Republican leader; to the plan of George Peek, former AAA administrator, to the piecemeal presentations of Senator Borah, Idaho Republican Presidential prospect or to the Ideas advanced by Senator Dickinson, Iowa Republican or any of the others. Since It seems established that the subsidy plan will and must be kept as a part of any farm policy, the problem Is narrowed down to the question of how It will be administered. Each plan provides ma- ihinery—political johs—for administration. That fact, however, would seem to guarantee Inefficiency rath- than efficiency In administration. Each of the plans obviously must reach Into nearly every county In :he United States and the experl- ;nce gained from AAA administrn- lon forces Hip conclusion, rpgret- 'ul as It Is, that no efficient means 'or administration has been sug- jested. An unbiased Investigation of the whole situation, as far as I have been able to make it, prompts me say that until partisan politics s eliminated from farm relief considerations, farm aid is going to lontinue In a mess. Perhaps it is i character of our system of government that the condition exists, but whatever the reason may be, I am convinced that there ought to be distinction between the giving of subsidy as such and the giving of subsidy to accomplish other purposes. I mean by that If we are to BRISBANE THIS WEEK Newspapers Are Useful A Leisure Class, Also A Real American Offense and Defense The Supreme court says: "The free press stands as one of the great Interpreters between the government and the people. To let It be fettered Is to fetter ourselves." Certainly; the newspaper Is to the nation what speech Is to an individual, and It Is to the crowd what a looking glass Is to the Individual. History will judge a people by Its newspa- DEVIL DISLIKES BLUE In Mexico there's a sune«Mti <hat painting the windows of \ 7 * blue will keep the devil away M homy owners In the United'<5,» f nre adopting the custom-if n ', ;.° s superstition—and are selectlnA as a trim color for'the exterior! their homes. Ior <* Aithar Brlglmne have a subsidy, let us not get it all mangled up with a lot of prescribed londitions which bind the farmer hand and foot. I am one of those who believe that the average farmer Is better equipped to solve his >wn problem than are his profes- lional leaders who call themselves heads of farm organizations or the politicians who prate about the farmer and think only In the terms his voting number. So I say until the farm problem can be sepa- •ated from politics and until It can be separated from theories of regimentation and crop - control and binding the farmer by a lot of conditions, there will not be any effec- Ave solution for the farm problem. « * * - '; Several years ago when the present work-relief policy was young, a reader wrote me rather critical Their Toll letter because I made t h e statement that crookedness was bound GraftersTake a o crop Into administration of the relief programs. My prediction was predicated not upon any clairvoyance or ability as a soothsayer but ipon a knowledge of the difficulty hat necessarily harasses .the man- ngement of a far-Hung organization, t was predicated as well on an inderstanding that there was no vay on earth to keep politicians nd visionaries out of these organ- zations. I had no apology to make o that reader then hut I do have he privilege of boasting just a bit since administrative heads of these rganizations in Washington have >een put to the necessity of clean- ng up one dirty problem after an- ither. It has happened In countless places, not with the consent of the •tiling authorities, that petty graft- irs have crept In, have taken their oil. Now, however, evidence Is seep- ng through to the top in record orm, of another danger in the at- empted management of so many lifferent groups from a central office In Washington. The best Illus- ratlon of tills that I have seen omes from New York where the lo- al relief organization has''a "writ- rs^ project" In operation. Just t this time the local New York nu- horities, with the assistance of Vaslilngton headquarters, are try- ng to find out whether radicals, many of them of foreign birth, have aken charge of the New York writers' project." One man, Samuel McCoy, asslst- nt director, has been dismissed. He tms charged that reds are in control nd that they are taking up their ime proselyting and seeking new members of a Communistic organi- atlon. Against his charges, those he at- acked countered with accusations hat McCoy has continuously sought o promote Fascism among the vrlters. It Is an unhappy thing to occur Here we have a paternalistic fed eral government seeking to provide ieople with work and some meas ure of compensation for that work, and we see a political problem In- ected Into It. I do not know what he end will be, nor Is U pertinent o this discussion. The point Is. after all, that It represents, Indeed t proves, the futility of attempting o run all of these things from Washington. Those who favor the old Idea of states' rights certain Jj cannot want for ammunition la defense «f their beliefs. , C 1V**t«n> N«w«t>*i>«r Colon, pers, Its laws, Its theaters, and it will have reason to criticize us. Mr. J. Plerpont Morgan, repeat- Ing what Aristotle said before him, said civilization needs a leisure class, and denned as the "leisure class" those that keep a hired girl, Mrs.Franklln D.Roosevelt, thoughtful and wise, Improves that definition; a leisure class for her Is made up of Individuals that "have sufficient economic security and sufficient leisure to find opportunity for a variety of satisfactions in life." Charles Fourier, French philosopher, said It long ago, and elaborately. Henry Ford said it well, advocating a short work week, with two days off, that men might hare time to spend pleasantly the earnings of five days. BOYS! GIRLS! Read the Grape Nuts ad in anon,,, column of this paper and learn h« to join the Dizzy Dean Winners Z win valuable free prizes.— Adv. Bui Always High The wages of sin are never on beforehand. Do You Ever Wonder Whether the"Pain" Remedy You Use is SAFE? Ask Your Doctor and Find Out All that will come, and more. In the past men worked too hard, while paid and fed too little, and never dreamed of Mrs. Roosevelt's "varied satisfactions," while the prosperous, as a rule, concentrated too much on foolish satisfactions. All that knew him learn with sorrow of the sudden death of Charles Curtis, former Vice President of the United States'. He was an American, a- real one, proud of the red Indian blood in his veins. As a boy h« rode horse races well and honestly; as a man, he rode the political race fairly. As Vice President he was content with the position that the American people and Constitution gave him. He would have made a good and loyal President had destiny so willed It The newspaper heading, "Britain Is redoubling her defense plans to offset Germany," should Interest somebody In America. This country Is not planning to "offset Germany,'" but it has all Europe, including Russia and all Asia, to think about in these flying (Jays. We should perfect our "defense plans" and particularly our attack plans. Senator I'ittman of Nevada sees Japan shutting us out of Chinn, "even at the risk of war"; says our business men "have been run out of Manchuria already." Japan might reply that her worklngmen have been run out of the United States. The tnap will comfort Senator Pittman. Gigantic Maitcliukuo, big. ger than all of old Japan, leans up Igainst Outer Mongolia and Soviet Russia. Japan will not Invite trouble with those conntrles, and wuf with the United States would Invite it. If you wonder "where all the tax money goes," read this: "In six months the state of New York paid $801,012 for official automobile expense." And^.that does not Include automobiles for the department of mental hygiene. One ofliciul discharged his chauffeur, paid by taxpayers accusing him of cheating the state out of 52,000 In one year through dishonest gasoline and repair vouchers. That Is almost "u business" "Charlie" Schwab may |>e seventy years old, but he still "knows his way around." The government tried to get $10,00-1,850 from Schwab's Bethlehem Steel company, allegine profiteering. Instead <,f giving the government $10,000,000, the "special muster," hem-lug evidence, says the goyernment^imist p ,, y $ 5 ,(JCG,154 to No Don't Entrust Your Own or Your Family's Well - Being to Unknown Preparations person to ask whether the •* preparation you or your family ?rC Q A r^S g / or the relief of headaches is SAFE to use regularly is your family doctor. Ask him particularly about Genuine BAYER ASPIRIN. He will tell you that before the discovery of Bayer Aspirin most pain remedies were advised against by physicians as bad for the stomach and, often, for the heart. Which is food for thought if you seek quick, safe relief. Scientists rate Bayer Aspirin among the fastest methods yet discovered for the relief of headaches and the pains of rheumatism, neuritis and neuralgia. And the experience of millions of users has proved it safe for the average person to use regularly. In your own interest remember this. You can get Genuine Bayer Aspirin at any drug store — simply n y Av S ^n g &U 1 £ y its ful1 name BAYER ASPIRIN. Make it a point to do this — and see that you get what you want. Bayer Aspirin And Glory in It Why a hermit Is a hermit: Because he can have his own way. Schwab and Bethlehem Steel' wonder Carnegie, who was Scotch thought a good deal of .Schwab. Dr. G. A. Stevenson "fellow" in the University con,,.,,, , f A P ln suggests to U ,e !.,„„£• Tlwes t°lmt' the pax Boiuam, <»|, OIIImi ' "'« of ancient times when n ' the world an,j Uul'j ,,11 ° r " led ssisr^-"- ^VS ^.^' ; -''''''<*»<i I'M SOLD It always works Just do .what hospitals do, and the doctors insist on. Use a good liquid ^tjve, and aid Nature to restore clockhke regularity without strain or ill effect, A liquid can always be taken in gradually reduced doses. Reduced dosage is the real secret of relief from constipation. Ask a doctor about this. Ask your druggist how very popular Dr. Goldwell s Syrup Pepsin has become. It gives the right kind of help, and right amount of Tielp. Taking a little less eacn time, gives the bowels a chanca to act of their own accord, until they ^, mo yuig regularly and thoroughly ^out any help at all. t n in ^well's Syrup Pepsin contains senna and cascara--both natural laxatives that form no habit. The ac- 1™ '? ge ° t l e - but sure - It will relieve any sluggishness or bilious condition due to constipation without upset. WNU—N 0-86 with gloomy with applause Oriental oiy; Americans, wli Ht hockey, 8CO , the tllatifu I'' c B'luads. The defeated Germanj 1 'o 0, win survlw Clever and Wi«e A clever fool Is more dangerous to argue with than a wise one. STOPPED-UP ^NOSTRILS due to colcU* ^•mr P«e Mentholalum to help open the nostrils and permit freer breathini MENTHOLATUH -g""'* C O M f O IflT DUiily

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