editorials Or«w Pearson Reports Garden I'lty TnlWram Soturfey, February I, 1944 On the Other Side TW"eekend comments: Moat newspapers have a public conscience, and with such are quick to rise in indignation on behalf if its reading public. But by the same token, we often are negligent in pointing out actions which benefit its reader citizens. So if the city had been negligent in clearing snow from downtown streets after Monday's storm, we would have stated so. But city street crews did a good job, in two days after the heavy snow, downtown streets were almost back to normal. Such service we expect, and often take for granted. We are quick to complain, but too often negligent in praise. * * * A pair of first graders, boy and girl, stood before a group of locail men at a service club meeting. They read, without any display of fright or shyness, from their school reading books. They recognized and pronounced words which those of us who were first graders 20, 30, 40 or more years ago would not have been exposed to until in second or third grades. Today's children smarter? No, say their teachers, but methods and tools of teaching have changed to the advancement of learning. We were born 30 years too soon. Garden City Telegram •uhlltkcd Daily Enf.pl Sunday and Flva Holiday! Vaarly ly The Talaqram PubltthinQ Company TeUphon* BR 6-3231 117 Eait Chettmil : • Mltei AdverUalna Munkgei Many Congressmen Owe Money for Absenteeism Hill Brown MUM In Smltk TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION By carrier • month In Garden City, 11.55. Payable to earrlei la advance. . By carrier In other cltlea where service t« available. 30c per week. By moll to other adrtrea?«n In Flnney. Ijme, Scott. .Wichita, (iroeley. Hnmllto* Kearny, Grant Hasltel and Gray countle*. S9.QO per year: eliewhere 1)6.00 |i«r year. fc-xml and are* college student!. 15.00 tor 9-month Kkmol year. Bixonti clarfB po.iUger.w1d at Garden City, Kanaaa. If Telegram motor carrier service la required to have publication-day d«- Utery by mall In cttlea that have local carrier aervlce. local carrier rat«a WASHINGTON — It Isn't mentioned around Capitol Hill, but quite a few members of Congress owe money to the U. S. Treasury. It's doubtful, however, whether the taxpayers will ever be able to collect. Reason for their indebtedness is that many Congressmen were paid illegally under a law passed in 1856 and never repealed. The law, which pertains both to Senators and members of the House of Representatives, states speci- ficially that neither shall be paid for time absent from their work, unless on official leave, ill, or absent because of family illness. Congress quite rightly expects every law it passes to be enforced and respected by the American people. If a citizen fails to answer a Congressional subpoena he can be clapped into jail. Many Congressmen are ready to make stormy speeches if there is a whisper of law violation or avoidance by the executive branch of government. Hewever, the chairman of the Republican National Committee, Rep. Bill Miller of New York, owes Uncle Sam around 51 per cent of his salary for last year because he missed 51 per cent of House rollcalls, and no effort has been made .to collect it. On the Democratic side, the amount owed Uncle Sam is worse. Rep. Charles Buckley, the Mr. Big of Democrats in the Bronx, owes the Treasury around 67t»er cent ot his salary for 1963, having missed 67 per cent of House rollcalls. Othci Democrats who owe money to the taxpayers under the 1856 law are Sen. Ed Long, D- Mo., who missed 40' per cent of Senate rollcalls; Gorgeous George Smathers, the Florida real estate dabbler, who missed 35 per cent; and Adam Clayton Powell, the "It's A Gift" Harlem globetrotter who also missed 35 per cent. Only a small fraction of their absences are permissible under the law, and no effort Is being made to collect. On Au«. U, 1154, when the absentee law was passed, Congress decided to give itself a pay raise up to $3,000 a year (salaries are now $22,500 plus allowances), but simultaneously decided to . make Congressmen earn their pay. So it passed an amendment to the pay raise bill which stated: "And be it further enacted, that it shall be the duty of the Sergeant-at-Arms of the House and the Secretary of the 'Senate. . To deduct from the monthly payment of members ... the amount of his compensation for each day that such member shall be absent from the House or Senate unless (he) shall assign as the reason for such absence the sickness of himself or of some member of his family." That regulation, still on the lawbooksv has been augmented by amendments'from'time to time, including a provision that members may be excused if they recive permission to be absent for official business, that is. absence involving the legislative business of the Senate or House. A further amendment, adopted on July 17,-1862, affects the great horde of, House members who ffcd Washington without official leave late last year during the. pre-Christmas debate on foreign aid. It states in part:. "When any member (of the Senate or Htfuse) withdraws from his seat and does not .'return before the adjournment of Congress, he shall, in addition to the sum de- ducted'for each day, forfeit " milea ge'Tallowance." Those absent, including some top Democrats, owe the Sergeant- at-Arms at the rate of about $70 a day lor their truancy. If they dont pay up, the Scrgeant-at Arms can collect under still another amendment emnowering him to dock the pay of members guilty of "ir<-" ' '"dness" to the House. It will be interesting to see what he does. This column will report on his activity or lack of activity in the near future. It took* at if some bad luck hi Alabama, in addition to some of the foreign affairs crises he inherited, are going to fly up in LBJ's face. The Birmingham racial cauldron is on the way to boiling over. The commission which the late President Kennedy sent to Birmingham — Gen. Kenneth Royall, the North Carolinian who was once Secretary of the Army; and Earl H. Blaik — did some temporary good. A Group* Relations Committee, so long promised, was finally formed while they were in Birmingham. But since then, the situation has drifted right back where it was and it's almost certain that demonstrations will start in the spring. The only question is how big they will be. One group, which backs Rev. Martin Luther King, proposes demonstrations aimed at opening up public facilities to Negroes. Another element proposes massive demonstrations to block all airports, close Alabama off from the rest of the U.S.A. unless Negroes are permitted to register and vote. Negre. leaders say that their people feel hopeless about the future. They despair that city officials or the business community will make any gesture's toward change — unless there are demonstrations and court orders. Negroes are not saying "We want ten stores opened or else" but rather "We want white people to listen to us or else." Race relations experts who have recently reported' to Washington say that what is needed is more adult'training both for white and adult Negroes, the speeding up of hiring by Federal agencies, less discrimination by state employment offices, and more energy by the President's Committee on Equal Employment — the organisation which President Johnson chaired when he was Vice President. A FRIEND relates that she was in the store buying a couple packs of cigarets (she formerly bought them by the carton but she's cutting down now — on quantity-buying, at least) when a friend of hers came up and said, "Oh, are you still smoking? My husband and I quit three months ago." Then the friend continued, "Of course, we scream at each other new and we beat the children. But we don't smoke!" •• •'?••• •' «*', : ;V; + w * '•'• ' :.,•'. AN EXPERT -on quitting cigarets (she's stopped smoking for the third time) says don't let anyone tell .you how good you'll feel once you quit. "You feel awful," she assures, "And you'll keep feeling that way for about six months . . . you're jittery, tired, and incessantly hungry." .••"•** SO THE gadget-makers have a good thing going. There are numerous stop- smoking kits and cig&ret substittuitete on the market. One features a hollow ceramic "cigaret" in a holder. The holder ia loaded with replaceable menthol cartridges — so you can inhale menthol- flavored air. *J. h. NOT LONG ago we were cited as being among the Top Ten who make and serve the Worst Coffee io. Town. The citation came from no less a personage than the president of the Women's Division of the Chamber of Commerce. Her ratings, however, are not always negative. For instance, for a good time tonight she recommends the Mardi Gras (her organization is sponsoring it) at the new Armory. We're taking her word for it. + + + COPIED: "Insanity i« hereditary. You can get it from your children,"
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