The Daily Review from Decatur, Illinois on July 12, 1914 · Page 11
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The Daily Review from Decatur, Illinois · Page 11

Decatur, Illinois
Issue Date:
Sunday, July 12, 1914
Page 11
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Sunday Morning, July 12, 1914. T H E D E C A T U R R E V I E W Page Eleven Getting More Interested In Sangamon River W E p«cjU of Decatur are begln- nlnf to take a good deal of Intereit in tb« San»»mon friv«r. It lin't much of a river, w» are compel!** to admit when exhibiting It to stranger*, but It Is the best we fcave. It U not a majestic stream, and ·xcept for pIctureSQUs bits which are cx-asionally aiscoverad by the artist end th« photographer. It la not re- tnarkabl* for Its beauty. Dr. Randall, Whose specialty outside of his profession is geolo»y--says that nature after having; laid out a basin sufficient for a very considerable river, failed to lurnlsh a water supply to fit the basin. It Is not larce enough at ordinary stages for boating and even the fish Jiave quit Its waters in disgust. USES. Nevertheless we think a great deal of the Sangamon river, and as Decatur grows larger we are compelled to think a great deal more about the river. It runs our mills and factories, furnishes our drinking water and water for other domestic uses, quenches cur fires--when we get at them early eiiouglt--sprinkles our lawns and streets and serves other Important uses. It the Sangamon river In the neighborhood of Montlcello or Cerro Qordo or Oakley should suddenly drop Into ft hole in the ground and continue Its course by some underground passage, It would be mighty awkward for Decatur. There are rivers In various puts of the country which do that thing. A familiar example Is Ixist river in Orange county, Ind., a stream almost as large as the Sangamon river at Decatur Of course the Sangamon Is not that sort of river, or rather it Boes not flow through that sort of formation. DREADFUL SUPPOSITION'. But. and here is a suggestion that ha» given thinking people of Decatur tcrlous reason for thought, suppose Piatt. Dewitt, Champaign, Ford and McLean counties this year and last year had no more rainfall than w» cave had at Decatur. What would Imve happened to Decatur? Deoatur bcth last year and this itemed to be on the dividing line between fairly abundant rainfall and drouth. If the territory of the upper 8angamon had been as dry last year as that of Macon county, there i* scarcely a doubt that Decatur would have been out of water. NO DANGER. ^. O f . course If the Sangamon should cease to flow It does not mean that calamity would com* within a day. There Is enoagh water Impounded by the dam to last the city for several days. It la believed by the experts that a great deal of water Is supplied to this basin by springs and that the water supply last year would have failed but fo- these springs. At any rate there Is no danger that the city's water will be cut off at a moment's notice unless the dam should break. WE USE MORE, i The danger Is not that the Sangamon is delivering less water than formerly in dry seasons, but that Decatur is every y^t, using- a. great deal more water. There are more factories, more homes, more public building*, more locomotive engines, more use of water by the fire department. The demand Is rapidly approaching the point when the Sangamon at low stage will be unable to furnish sufficient water. The city authorities' recognize this and ;any others realize it. The supply of water will have to be Increased in some way. For this reason the survey of the river above Decatur by the Chicago engineers who are now working upon the sewage disposal problem Is of particular Interest and Importance. , SURVEY OF THE RIVER. Edgar Wltieman, a 1907 graduate of the Mllllktn university, wrote a thesis upon the gangamon river In which ha furnished many valuable facts gathered from varlou* scientific sources. In this he states that the Sangamon 1* the lanreit tributary of the Illinois river and that It drains a watershed of 5,670 square mile*. The river; according to hi* showing, 1* 180 mile* long. The Kankakee 1* th» only tributary of the Illinois that approaches It In siie. Assuming these figure* to be correct, the thing which vitally concern* De- oatur is that only about one-third of th« length of the Sangamon 1* above Decatur, wihlle the basin drained above Decatur Is lees than one-fifth of the total basin of the river. Below Ds- catur the. Bangamon I* Joined by the South fork, which Is nearly as large a» the North fork at Decatur, Bait creek which become* a small river and numerous other creeks of considerable slse. SOURCE. Mr. Wltnman says further: "The source of the river Is in the Bloom- Ington moraln system In eastern Mo- Lean county at an altitude of 850 feet above tide or 430 feet above Its mouth. In the first ten miles U makes a descent of 120 feet, this leaving 300 feet of the fall for the remaining 170 mllei of Its course. The fall is far from regular. Thus In Its course through San- gnmon county, a distance of thirty-six miles, it falls only thirty-eight feet, while In crossing Menard county. Immediately below, It falls sixty-seven feet In a distance of thirty miles, and in crossing Macon county it falls^fifty feet In about thirty miles. In the lower twenty-three miles where It crosses the Illinois bottoms, Its fall Is only sixteen feet." DBCATUR TO SOURCE. The figures given as to length by the authorities would seem to be Inaccurate. Stepping the river with a pair of dividers set on the map scale At ten miles distance from Decatur to the beginning of the river near Ellsworth and Arrowsmlth In McLean county the river measures eighty miles. This, of course, takes no account of the many short turns. The entire length of the river measured thus on the map is 220 miles. HEADWATERS. The headwaters of the Sangamon are in McLean. Ford, and Champaign counties. Stevens oreek which rises In Ford county and Wildcat slough in Champaign Join the branch .from McLean county In the northeast corner of Champaign. There are not many tributaries of consequence above Decatur. Goose creek aqfl Camp creek In Platt county and Friends creek In Macon are the larger ones. Estimated by townships on the map the Sangamon appears to drain the following territory of the various counties: Champaign county, eight townships, 28»XQuaTe mile*. Ford" county, four townships, 1« square miles. McLean county, four townships, 1« square miles. Dewitt county, two ( . townships, 72 suuare miles. Piatt county, six townships, 215 square miles. Macon county, seven townships, 316 square miles. The total is 1,11« square miles. It should be bora In mind that while practically the whole of Macon county drains Into the Sangamon the greater portion of the drainage enters the river l»low Decatur, the northern townships by the way ot Stevens creek and two of the southern townships by way of Flat branch and the South fork. NOT FINISHED. Quoting again from Mr. Wltzeman's paper: "Extensive plains in central Illinois are somewhat Inadequately drained by the Sangamon whose t r i - butaries do not ramify as throughly as is necessary for good drainage, and the area given as Its catchment basin represents that not actually drained but that which may by extensive ditching be drained into It. The course of the river Is comparatively straight and does not show the multiplicity of branches, creeks, etc., which are char- acteristlng of old rivers which accomplish adequate draining." It would appear from thig that the Sangamon river Is not finished yet. In a few thousand years or possibly a few hundred thousand the river if let alone would have worked out its destiny and have dojie an adequate job of draining it* basin. Man came upon the seen* too early, however, and If the drainage of the Sangamon valley is perfected It will have to be done artificially. A good deal of It has been so done. Since Mr. Wltzeman's thesis was prepared several large drainage ditches opening Into the upper Sangamon have been dug. More of these will be excavated from time to, time and they will no doubt modify the flow of the river. That the through drainage of the river basin above Decatur will ever furnish an adequate flow of water at all seasons to supply Decatur Is hardly to be expected. INCREASING WATER. "* The geological survey of th* upper Sangamon Is of particular Interest as, throwing some light upon the possibility of Increasing 1 the water «upply._ Quoting from a report cf this survey: 'The main stream flows for 90 mile* within the limits of the Wisconsin drift, leaving the drift a few miles west of Decatur. In this portions of its course it receives no tributaries of Importance, its Immediate watershed being fifteen or twenty miles wide. It No Disease Without A Cause The cause of both acute and chronic disease* removed by CHIROPRACTIC ADJUSTMENTS No matter what or where the aliment ti, coma and investigate the method of removing the cause. Investigation ooati nothing~and examination is free and invited. Landgraff Williams Chiropractors LADY ATTENDANT Rooms 213-315 Empress Theater Bids. Hours 9 to 12. 2 to 6, 7 to 8. Sunday* 10 to 12 a. m. Phones--Auto 1250: Bell MO. follow* the west border of the Cerro qordo moraine for fully thirty mile* below th* village ot Mahomet, and that moraine constitutes the east border~of the watershed. It* Talley tctut 10 to 10 feet In a»«ra*« depth In th* tint sixty mile* ot it* oour*e. but In the next SO mile* in which It crosses th* Bhelbyrllle moranlo *y*tem It has trenched to a depth of 7( feet" IMPOUNDING. The last thirty mile* referred to 1* in Macon county and th* deeper trenching of the valley facilitates the impoundlnr of water which it 1* ·Breed will be necessary to secure m larce supply for th* city of Decatur. It 1* this pertlon of th* *tream above Decatur which will be surveyed, By L*.nfdon P«ar«e and hi* assistance In the sewage disposal matter. It must be born in mind, however, that the fall of the stream through Macon county Is only fifty feet In 10 mil**, a foot air* two-fifth* to the milt, It 1* agreed that the most feasible plan for Decatur 1* to Impound more water either at Decatur or higher up the river. Possibly It will require a ·erles of email reservoirs Instead one great reservoir. Shoe Repairing --By the Goodyear Welt Process insures lasting satisfaction. --This same process is used in the manufacture of your shoes and enables us to turn out our work in a neat and satisfactory manner. --Nont but the best Oak Sole leather used. "NOT THE CHEAPEST, BUT THE BEST" Wear-U-Well Shoes --In addition to the repairing, we carry the well-known Wear-U-WeU line of shoes. These shoes at $2.98 cannot be duplicated for value any place in Decatur. --Get acquainted with the Wear-TJ-Well method. LOUIS WEISS 331 N. Main. Auto Phone 1526. Millinery Department Tour un-restricted choice of any untrimmed shape in our millinery stock, chips, braids, hemps and Milans, values ur»to$2.50 sc C O M P A N Y EVERYTHING READY TO WEAR 121-125 N. Water St. Millinery Department Your choice of any trimmed hat in our stock, excepting white hats or panamas; some worth to $8.50 $1 PRICES ENTERED DERFUL VALUES Cost and selling price have been disregarded, We must dispose of the balance of our Spring and Summer goods, We take the loss; our patrons in Decatur and surrounding country reap the benefit, Every thing must go, Bargains! Bargains! Bargains galore, CORSETS Extra quality net, well boned and made, medium bust and hips; value $1.00 .. 49c GIRLS' DRESSES Girls' dresses; ginghams, percales, chambray or lawns, white or colored, also checks, stripes or plaids a regular ?1.75 TM ' 9 5 c GIRDLES To close out our entire stock of girdles, worth to $3.00; fiQ/» each \l«7v Silk Dresses Your unrestricted choice of our entire d*Q silk dress stock, worth to $12.50 ..... «pG CHILDREN'S COATS Coats for girls; values R£ $1.00 BASEMENT Mosquito netting, green or white, regular value is 9c yard, spe- CM c j a l at w BASEMENT Children's rompers; chambray and gingham, all colors and sizes, worth 1Qt 35c la * Undermuslins Special lot of gowns, combinations. drawers and princess slips, in crepe, nainsook and muslin. Extra well made, full length and width. Trimmed with dainty laces and handsome embroideries. Values to $1.75. 95c Waist Department 30 dozen waists that usually sold for $1.00, $1.25 and $1.50. All new models H \p in voile, crepe and lingerie i I rri/ Clever waists of organdy, voile, crepe, cross bar lawns or Jap silk, 30 different styles, all sizes, worth up to $1.75 95c Tub silk waists, 3 new models, '9 different patterns, guaranteed fast color and perfect fitting. A real d»-j 9 A $2.50 waist *4 JL«O«7 Embroidered voiles, beautiful laces and fetching styles make these waists worth easily j»-| $3.50 «J5 A · The prettiest waists in Decatur will be found in this lot. Hand embroideries and cluny laces make effective waists worth $5.00 IN E W SPAJPEfl fi C H1V E ® $2.49 Summer Dress Sacrificed! We must-sell them. The prices quoted do not cover the cost of materials. See them early. See our windows. Summer dresses of all-over embroideries, crepe, striped gingham and chambray. Lace and -embroidery trim, Eussian tunics. Value $3.50 CooL Summer dresses' of flowered crepe, rice cloth, voiles and other new and wanted cloths, 7 different models, white and colored; values are up to $6.50, at 12-button lar 50c value . GLOVES cotton gloves. Regu- 24c Dresses of rice cloth, voiles, crepes, cordalines and other natty materials; there are 9 different models, all sizes, but not in all models. Come early for these-worth to $10.00 Dresses of voiles, crepes, lingerie and all the newest materials, cleverly made with long Russian tunics and all the new- ·est effects. Worth up to $12.50 HOSIERY Full fashioned, regular made hose, in black, white, tan, maize, green; extra quality lisle; value 20c BOYS' WASH SUITS Boys' wash suits, all sizes, in percale, chambray or A f ~ duck, all colors. Regular 98c quality rfctli/ MEN'S SHIRTS 15 different patterns of percale; collar to match; all sizes, value 75c 48c BOYS' FURNISHINGS-HATS Boys' hats, about 100 straw hats for children. MEN'S UNDERWEAR Men's mesh union suits, long or short sleeves, 43c 39c Coats and Suits Your unrestricted choice of our entire stock of coats and suite--all sizes 18 to 44, in tan, navy and black; worth up to $19.50. $4.45 Skirt Department Ratine or pique skirts with plain tier effects or full Russian tunic, worth $1.75 Imported ratine skirts in white only; long Russian tunic, trimmed with pearl or jelf covered buttons, a $2.50 model JCCbXB WA. DWU $1.39 Wash or wool skirts with the new Russian tunics, in ratine, wool serge or novelty cloth. Regular $3.50 d»"| At value, Monday «P A««/«J Handsome skirts of imported ratine, eponge or pique, made with Russian tunics, flounces or tier effects. Easily worth $5.00 Skirts of granite cloth, serge, repp, eponge and imported ratine. Made in 20 different styles. Worth up to $7.50 SFAPERl

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