Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on April 5, 1969 · Page 13
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 13

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Saturday, April 5, 1969
Page 13
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t$ret tilth « MrJ tftat you sty, 6ut I Mil to the teath your tljht it sty it ... Voltaire THE ARIZONAREPUBHC The Cupboard Isn't Entirely Bare Saturday, April 5, Page 7 rite People Speak Necessity Of Working Parents Seen Detrimental To Children Editor, The Arizona Republic: t am one of the students of Underdown Junior High School. One of our teachers read to us your newspaper article entitled, "Vandals Pillage Cashion Park," from the Sunday, March 16, paper. There are a few students and children who live here in Cashion that like our park very much. We as students of Underdown are writing to give some of the reasons and suggestions that we think may help stop vandalism. OUR MAIN and foremost need is a few policemen to patrol the town and park grounds. I admit we have one or two, but they just patrol the highway, which is Highway 80, and not near the park grounds. We need a type of curfew that would keep young people off the streets after a decent hour. Secondly, we need some street lights to make it safe on the streets. One reason that teen-agers cause vandalism is that they failed in a class or cannot be on a team of some kind, and so they take their anger out on anything or anyone. One very important reason is lack of parental supervision. ..IN MOST FAMILIES, both parents find it necessary to work in order to make ends meet and cannot give their children the attention they so desperately need. Some of the people in Cashion have what you would call "apathy." They do not want to become involved because of the retribution that comes from the young people who are involved in this Editor's note: A Republic news story on March 16, depicting the "systematic wrecking" by vandals of the $75,000 Donnie Hale Memorial Park in Cashion, elicited an emotional response from the student body of Cashion's Underdown Junior High School. Four of the hundreds of thoughtful, well - written letters by the fifth through eighth graders are reproduced herewith. Cashion Youngsters Not To Blame In the March 16 edition of The Republic you had an article on vandalism in Donnie Hale Memorial Park in Cashion. I read this article and so did a lot of other sutdents here, and we all think that there should be something done about it. Keeping policemen at the park would be fine, but Cashion doesn't have any policemen. And policemen from Tolleson or Avondale could not stay at the park night and day. YOUR ARTICLE is right. It is a nice place for the children to play; but really, it's not the kids in Cashion who ruin it. It's those kids from out of Cashion. I'm not sure just who they are, but I think I'm right. It used to be a real neat place with night baseball games, football games, dances and other things, but now it's different. No more games at night because these "vandals" are breaking the lights so we won't have anything to light up the baseball - football field. I THINK that there should be something that could be done. The citizens of Cashion want this park and would do anything to keep these vandals away, but how much can we do? There isn't much we can do to stop them, but we try and will keep on trying if citizens of other towns will help. SALLISCHULKE, Cashion Innocent Suffer I am from the community of Cashion and I know the condition of Donnie Hale Memorial Park. I think it's unfair not to repair the lights at the park. I partly understand why it's not being done, but it's unfair to the people who didn't commit the crime of destroying the park. The people have suffered the consequence of not having lights for games and I think the lights should be repaired. I think this time the people of Cashion will be on the lookout for vandalism in the park. I think eventually the people who destroyed the park facilities will see how much we need the park. BECKY SALAZ, Cashion Proud Of Park I am writing this to tell you about our park in Cashion. Many of us are proud of our park. We try to keep it clean and in good shape, but in the nighttime we can't go out and look after our park, and that's when all the vandalism happens. In the morning we get up to go to school and on our way through the park we see broken trees and names written all over the walls of the ramada. We also see names carved on the picnic tables. We try very hard to keep our park clean, but sometimes it's impossible. FRANK SANCHEZ, Cashion Further Racial Strife Seen Unless Cities Are Humanized By JOSEPH KRAFT WASHINGTON - A year after the murder of Martin Luther King, racial unrest seems to be on the wane, with the ugliest features of protest behind us. And it is tempting to sit back and let tension wind down by itself. Tempting but probably wrong. For th« recent events in Detroit suggest that a new kind of confrontation may be shaping up unless deliberate efforts art made to humanize life in the great cities. Vast changes, to be sure, have transformed the racial situation during the past year. Negro leadership has ceased to emphasize the universal theme of equality across the nation. Instead, the militants have turned to their own turf, and are directing their efforts to specific conditions in particular places. There has taken place an "implosion of black power." • • • ONE SIGN of this inward turning is that no national Negro leadership has emerged to replace Dr. King. On the contrary, those with pretensions to na- vandalism. (This is also true in Phoenix, Los Angeles, Tucson, Chicago, and other large cities.) Not always but sometimes this vandalism starts with youth from other towns. They do these things for they know we will do nothing to stop them or any other vandalistic happenings. . .1 THINK it is a shame that the parents and adults who helped to build this park in memory of Donnie Hale are letting this happen. Our Little League needs this park and they need it with lights in order to play their games. We as young people need this park for this summer to play our games and a place to have picnics and an over-all fun time. DOROTHY ADRIAN, Cashion War Machine Your editorial, "The Newest Totem," of last week, apparently sought to justify the tremendous influence and power of the "military-industrial complex" by claiming it is not a conspiracy. Perhaps not, but this does not alter the fact that the complex and the whole war machine dominate our lives and our economy. We have a military-oriented society, of which the complex is a powerful factor showing no inclination to regress. To be persuaded of this, one has only to consider 1) the national budget, 2) the number of communities dependent on military activities and contracts, and 3) the draft. FROM TIME to time various elements of our society have gained inordinate power. Fortunately, this power is eventually fought back and reduced by public reaction. War industry is highly profitable, and once again has gained inordinate power. Many people, "left" and "right," if you insist on labels, believe the emphasis on war is too strong, is not effective, and prevents attention to our adaptation to the new world. For you to say that their reaction to the M-I complex is a "scatter-gun crusade," and that it is "their new totem," simply ignores the political facts of life, i.e., campaigns must be waged against all excessive, non-constructive forces. Your editorial would not be complete without your incantations about the naughty "left." However, one does not have to look deep to see that the components of the complex, such as business and industry, are not terribly liberal. DON'T YOU think it logical that "left-wing journals," whose stature is proven by your constant criticism, might lead in a 4 'crusade" to put the complex in proportion? Indeed, aren't you glad to know that the military-industrial complex has some check-reins? ROLAND C. TOWNSEND Lease On Life I am writing with regard to the letter of Mrs. Bob Hawk in the March 26 Republic criticizing Dr. A. Marion Smith's letter in which he defends the use of animals in medical research. Let me say that this use not only gives a prolonged lease on life to animals which would otherwise be destroyed immediately but does so under circumstances of housing and care ordinarily very much better than those of the environment from which the dog came. Furthermore, the animals are not allowed to suffer since most research procedures are performed under anesthesia. Anti-vivisectionists do riot want to know the facts in these matters, I might add that in no instance are the animals used in medical research the "patients" of Dr. Smith or of any other non-institutional practicing veterinarian. The position of the Anti-Vivisection Society that animal research has not benefited society is so absurd as to hardly warrant comment. Dr. Smith is not callous, he is realistic — something that anti-vivisectionists are not. Knowing Dr. Smith personally, I can vouch for the fact that a veterinarian more sympathetic toward and concerned with animal and human welfare cannot be found. ALLEN F. SCHAUFFLER, D.V.M., President, Arizona Veterinary Medical Association Understanding The Missile Controversy By JOSEPH ALSOP WASHINGTON - In order to begin to understand the ABM controversy, with all its life-and-death importance, you have to start with a single, simple fact. In brief, U.S. nuclear-strategic policy Has been based, until very recently, on grossly false assumptions. The assumptions are still very widely accepted in the American scientific community. They have deeply infected both the U.S. Senate and the U.S. press. But that does not make them any less grossly false. It merely explains the difficulties that Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird and Deputy Secretary David Packard are now experiencing. * * * THE STORY BEGINS, so far as one can judge, rather early in the defense secretaryship of Robert McNamara. At that time there were elaborate war games, involving the military staffs as well as McNamara's analysts and defense intellectuals, to determine whether this country should aim for a "first- strike capability." First-strike capability was and is defined as the power to wreak nearly complete destruction on the enemy's nuclear force. After a first strike of such power, there can be no effective counterstrike. If the United States had a first-strike capability, in other words, we could knock out the Soviet Union without serious fear of much damage to ourselves. The war games proceeded in the usual manner of such exercises. "If the United States does A, then the Soviets can do B; after that we can do C, but the Soviets can always counter with D" — all the As and Bs and Cs and Ds, of course, being possible moves in the unearthly, desperately costly nuclear power game. Thus the war games reached a quite correct conclusion. A true first-strike capability is in theory unattainable by either side, provided each side is always technically able and financially ready to make the correct counter to the other side's most recent move. * * * AT THE END of the war games an American drive for a first-strike capability was, therefore, decided against, no doubt very wisely. What was both unwise and remarkably dangerous, however, was the ensuing assumption that the Soviets had done the same war games in the same way and had reached the same decision. For this assumption there was not a shred of solid evidence. Instead, the theoretical journals of the Soviet military continued to emphasize the overriding importance of the "pre-emptive strike" — in other words, the first strike. Yet in the McNamara years the Pentagon analysts and the intelligence community almost universally believed that the Soviets were not trying and would never try to gain a first-strike capability. This belief then deformed the estimating process, as such comforting beliefs always do. Thereby, two further grossly false assumptions came to be made concerning the SS-9, the very heavy intercontinental ballistic missile the Soviets are now deploying, which can carry a 20- to 25-megaton warhead. * * * BECAUSE OF THE SIZE of the SS-9's warhead, it was assumed that this was an anticity weapon rather than a "coun- terforce" weapon aimed at our own Minuteman ICBMs. And because there is an obvious limit to the useful number of anticity weapons of such power, it was further assumed that the Soviet SS-9 force would stabilize at around 200. This was the position when Dr. Alain Enthoven gave his testimony, angrily Observations By SYDNEY J. HARRIS Few things in life are more embarrassing than watching either a colleague or a competitor do something you said couldn't be done. * * We are building a Supersonic Trans* port to get us to Europe in less than three hours, compared to the present seven hours — thus allowing us twice as much time recuperating hi our hotel room there to get over the effects of traveling so fast through different time zones. * * * Considering our annual crime bill, it .seems to be the only commodity in the country for which we are getting our money's worth. * * * unearthed by Sen. Stuart Symington, that the SS-9 did not indicate a Soviet move toward a first-strike capability. But now, unhappily, both the former assumptions about the SS-9 have been blown sky-high by further intelligence. Briefly, it became clear that, instead of halting at around 200, deploying of the SS-9 was still proceeding at a disturbingly rapid rate — fast enough, in fact, to give the Soviets nearly 500 of these huge missiles by the end of 1975. Almost simultaneously it also became clear that the Soviets were, fitting each SS-9 with three warheads in the 6- or 7-megaton range, instead .of one giant warhead. These new facts radically transformed the aspect of the SS-9. It was no longer rational to regard these giant missiles as anticity weapons. It was instead obvious that they were counterforce weapons, primarily designed to destroy the U.S. Minuteman force in a first strike. * * * THIS GRIM CHANGE then led on to re-examination of other potential coun- terforce weapons, such as the very fast, nuclear-powered Soviet attack submarine, which is obviously aimed at our Polaris fleet. And this led, in turn, to the very modest decision to deploy some ABMs around some Minuteman sites in order to give protection to at least a part of the U.S. counterstrike. tional leadership — whether old-style chiefs such as Roy Wilkins and Whitney Young or new-style militants such as Stokely Carmichael and Rap Brown — have all lost action. Instead, as the current issue of Tim« Magazine points out in an excellent essay, there have emerged a series of regional leaders rooted in local communities. There is Jesse Jackson in Chicago, Leon Sullivan in Philadelphia, the Stokftf brothers in Cleveland, Julian Bond in Atlanta, Channing Phillips in Washington, Donald McCullum in Oakland, and many others. The stock-in-trade of all these leaders is the effort to use favorable local condi- ions for the building of black powef structures. Thus in the Philadelphia ghetto Dr. Sullivan has set up a blactf shopping center and a black company for aerospace works. In Cleveland, th« Stokes brothers are building on a large Negro electorate, a base for control of. the local Democratic Party. ; - MOREOVER, because the black militants are concentrating on their own thing, they have steered clear of the most radical whites. Just as the Chicago Negroes did not join the protests against the Democratic convention last summer, so black students have tended to stay away from the demonstrations organized against the major universities by the left-wing Students for a Democratic 1 Society, or SDS. In consequence of these developments, the racial situation seems to be shaping up not badly. The black movement., is not connected with violence perceived by most whites, or with the most extreme troublemakers. And it looks as though the right thing to do is just to let matters cool off, in the fashion of the Nixon administration. • • Set against that tendency the trouble which has developed in Detroit is an important warning. For openers, there was rivalry among local Negro groups,, with some black power extremists arming themselves. Then the possibility of'a Negro opponent caused the white majp; or, Jerome Cavanagh, to look for issues that would make it possible for him to stand as a law-and-order candidate. Just how trouble started seems not clear. But members of the extremist black faction shot a white policeman. There followed a gun battle between the police and a group of the extremists- who had holed up in a church. Now there seems to be opening up a tense period of communal strife that splits al^. the legitimate authority of the city. '• M The Application Of Instant Research By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON — The seismograph in Washington, D.C., showed a slight earth quake in the Credibility Gap last week when Undersecretary of Defense David Packard testified in front of the Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee on disarmament on the AMB. Asked to name a science adviser not connected with the Pentagon who had participated in a review of the missile system, Packard came up with Dr. Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky, a noted physicist from Stanford. Unfortunately for Packard, Dr. Panof- sky denied he had participated in any review of the Safeguard system and said he was opposed to it. He also said that his only encounter with Packard was an accidental meeting at the airport in San Francisco where the men talked informally about different defense systems while waiting for their planes. I WAS VERY CURIOUS about the Pentagon's new method of talking to scientists, and I was fortunate to run into a friend of mine who happens to be an assistant secretary of Defense. He was standing next to the insurance counter at New York's La Guardia field. "Where are you going?" I asked him. "I'm not going anywhere," he said. "I'm stationed here working on a research project." 'What do you mean?" "We're interviewing scientists at airports on the ABM." "Why at the airports?" I asked. "None of them wants to come to Washington, so we have to catch them on the run. Look, there's Prof. Bezilsky of Harvard University." He stopped the professor. "Dr. Bezilsky," he said, "my name's 'But Will It Ever Thaw?' Laymen innocent of the law often believe that as long as they intend to tell the truth and the facts are all on their side, they really don't need a lawyer — but that is precisely when • lawyer it most needed, for the naked truth in a courtroom is the most vulnerable of objects. * • « One of the last, hardest, and most valuable lessons we have to learn in life is that, no matter what we do, there are still going to be some people who will not like us. # * * The world is moved and changed by ideas more than by any other single factor; and if we are turning into a nation (as many believe) where processes and products are more important than ideal, then we cannot safeguard our material advantages from the assault of ideology. King Fwlww 3yndk»u71nc,, 1969 Carnaby of the Defense DepartmenV and I was wondering if you could give me your opinion of the ultrahigh frequencies in radar simulation vis-a-vis the ABM." ; Prof. Bezilsky looked annoyed. "I haf to catch my plane." "It will only take a minute, sir." "Please, this is not the place to go into ultrahigh frequencies in radar simulation," Bezilsky said, trying to move on., "Professor, are you for It or against it?" "Vill you let me catch my plane,- dummkopf?'" Bezilsky pushed Carnaby aside and rushed off with his bag. Carnaby said, "Well, he's for it." ' "How did you figure that?" I asked' him. "OUR ORDERS ARE that if a scientist doesn't come out specifically and;, say he's against the ABM, then he must' be for it." Carnaby wrote something in his notebook. "I have four scientists for the ABM and one against." "That's marvelous," I said in admir^-, tion. "All you have to do is wait by the New York to Boston shuttle and you catch the whole MIT, Harvard and Tufts^ scientific establishment." "Right. It's foolproof because we could never get to talk to this many; scientists in Washington. Oh, my good-, ness, look who's over there — it's D.r. Heinrich Spitzelbaron, who discovered, manifold pressure under glass. Dr. Spij>, zelbaron, Dr. Spitzelbaron, would you ( care to participate in an instant seminajr, we're holding here on the ABM sys^ tern?" "No, but I'd like to buy some flight ^ insurance. I'm scared to death of' flying." '•* "But what about the threat of the Soviet Multiple Weapon Launchers and' their first-strike superiority?" "If I could just get to Cleveland safCK ly, I'd be grateful." * * * "DOCTOR, COULD I ask you about! the Chinese first generation of nuclear weapons?" "I usually get drunk when I fly," Dr.,' Spitzelbaron said. "I know it's stupid, but I'm afraid of heights." < After he bought his insurance and l$fi ,. I asked Carnaby, "Is he pro or con?" ,, T "If I had to testify in front of a Senate 1 committee, I'd say ho was pro — but with a few reservations." ,.

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