Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois on October 30, 1941 · Page 1
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Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois · Page 1

Sterling, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, October 30, 1941
Page 1
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("By Th*. Associated Prwts) I^HHrpgratwe t<i»fjrM; FH- pAl^fy c*l*f!4*Sjf stfMl f^ffty. ^^h^^F *wHfc* «flBfcBssU» «tpBsa> ^Bi)ft-«ffHb8<rtBB' «wPl!ito fliHBfc ^8 ^^RHB^^^ ^iUBwR^^^ «sifc> ^k^BB^i as^^n* d^BB^BgiBBBf i^^ws* ~ "^^Baff 9 ^ «^^hft ^^^w^^^BiB^^^P <^^BBB^^™ *^^B?* a^^psj& O^^BBSI^^S Outstanding Community Deify for Whttestde ond Adjoining Counties liit SS feffrf *ffl?y EIGHTY-SEVENTH YEAR-No. 103 STERLING, ILLINOIS, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1941 o! the Audit Bureau of Circulations PRICE FIVE CENTS .WORLD GO BY New Parking Meters I have been usinK the parking ...neters at St. Petersburg, Fla., lor years past. I have found them a great convenience. In that city, nothing less than nickel meters are used. Naturally, I am greatly dellRhted that the Itity authorities have decided to try them out in Sterling. Even In St. Petersburg, with hundreds of meters, we have driven around 10 or; 12 blocks before we found parking place. Often we do not want to park the length of time allowed. In Bt. Pete, people can park 15 minutes, 30 minutes, 60 minutes, and ^farther out from the center of city two hours for a nickel. [Bel* at home the people are 'allowed to use one penny and get 12 minutes parking. It is astonishing how much one can in 12 minutes, if they had . de up their minds before they came downtown as to what they want to do. It often occurs that a man rks a nickel's worth and does use half his time. It often happens that another person, awing a vacant spot, with still SO minutes paid for, drops right into the parking place and does- have to pay a cent. It Is itber nice to have somebody Mae pay for your own parking. JUrlinar Crash Kills 14 Near Fargo 5 N. Dakota MOORHEAD. MINN. — (AP) —[two mil« from th* Fargo airport, j Trapped in fog and mist, a North- Airlines plane crashed within two miles of its objective early today. Fourteen person* dted in the impact and names that immediately engulfed the wreckage. Only survivor was Captain Clarence Bates, piiot, thrown clear as the big liner struck the earth a glancing blow, bounced 100 yards and then piled up. Captain Bates suffered only from 5hock. but physicians would permit no one to talk to him. The St. Paul dispatcher said he last heard from the plane, westbound from Chicago to Seattle, at 1:54 R. m. (CST). It then was over the Fargo airport, descending at 2,700 feet. Making a routine instrument approach in weather described on the surface as "thick" with a freezing temperature, the pilot next should have reported when he sighted land. The dispatcher vainly tried to contact the plane at 2:00-a. m. Ten minutes later, police telephoned that A plane had crashed. The scene was • Of course, parking meters do not solve the parking problem, it they to a long way toward conditions. The cities made 40 years before the automobile was Invented. They cannot be made over to fit the •utomoblle, but the parking me- help very greatly in solving parking proposition. I am quite sure that when Sterling gives the parking meters a fair trial, our citizens will be well aatlsfied, and will keep them as ^permanent fixtures. While on this subject, X might stete that for more than eight TMTS. coming back from St. Pete .•ltd sMinc the methods of hand- traffic. I plead with two in each block, i ftffHfdltt laughed at the pro- improvements. Finally, I presented the suggestion >to Mayor Prank Birch, he thcmfhtthe idea a good one and established the 15 minute load- lot and unloading, or parking places, on each corner and at various other points. At 'St. Pete, we only had one or two minutes to load and unload. Here we have 15 minutes; time to go to the bank, buy a of clothe*, se* your doctor, or your lawyer, if you have to have one, or perform many other Th«»M» 15 minute parking spots have been such a great convenience to the public that ./there would be' an enormous i kick-back if they were removed X feel that when the parking neters are installed, N and the pubUc gets accustomed to them the rules by which they are nUed, they will cee another convenience that will not be taken away from them. The •Mters offer the only method for ftneral parking* yet invented. Form Gird TejtofSlre»grti >Wi* Aiis in Afrka By Edward Kennedy H BRITISH FORCES TH ntlTPT -r- CAP) —Coming'"'"waaks to Iffcrpfs western desert may answer of the wart biggest questions— the British have developed t suiting power to throw back armored divisions. At Tobruk, British island of resis- on the coast of eastern Libya, the first time since the war they have shown sufficient and skill to hold off at[ of German armored units, sup- by intense dive-bombing. 1 that it has been demonstrated the Germans can at defied and frustrated, a greater test te sight—whether they cap be this reason, experts say, any ___ive which may be undertaken ta* desert against tbe Genxpins __sl their Italian allies, may be one laf tht war's matt significant engage- U the British dislodge axis troops Libya while the main German •specially the air force, is up to Russia, observers believe is a good prospect that th* East can be held. the British fail to drive .|g* aa* out of Africa, the &aow obi- say it is difficult to tee-how British could bold on to the lest. the Germans might Store and more armored t untt* Me*, back them up with more nor* aviation, and at tot same •*** a powerful ton* from tht •toactiott. Governor Assails Wasteful Spending By the New Deal Non-Defense Outlays Should Be Cut, Soys Green in Sharp Talk CHICAGO — (AP)—Gov. Dwight H. Green of Illinois, accusing the national administration of extravagance to non-defense spending, asserted today there is need for a "drastic reduction" to this type of federal expenditures. The Republican executive said -the present federal administration piled up deficits when it was believed they would help, but when such spending is no longer needed, it is not willing to follow its own teachings by reducing even unnecessary expenditures." Governor Green spoke before tht annual luncheon meeting of tht Civic Federation of Chicago, and his criticism or fedora! fiscal policies was the most outspoken ht has delivered steot he bseaow almost' chief executive last January. B* said -In two month* the for iflT. It is expected that penditures soon win be stepped up to two billion doDan a month, and that the ail-tune records for federal expenses wffl be raised higher and higher. > This is as it should be if we are to preserve our peace by creating an invulnerable defense, ^ut it is unreasonable to inflict upon American taxpayers the combined burden of an all-out effort to safeguard the republic, while at the same time continuing the enormous expenditures involved in the civic « of Urges A*Us«. Not War* "With a budget setting up one billion dollars to work relief expenditures for the fiscal year, and with a third of a billion in_akb to _ youths, not to mention other deficit items, the federal government has so far been unable to determine where it could reduce the public tax burden even one billion dollars. .state local expenditures carries little conviction that the national government is itself willing to follow the lead^ilTuui askwTOlhers to take. "A few healthy cuts in tha federal budget would be more productive of cooperaUoa than words." Mentioning a gain in the Chicago city administration's aapeadJtuns from UaSJttjMO to IttS to 1110.000.000 to IMP, the swsrnarjsaid local governments wste "encouraged by national extnvagance'' to undue H* said ht had directed B. Mcffthhm. state finance director, to conduct a survey tookftag toward a reduction te the neat state Jmdait Retrenchments will a* n*«*saary, ht declared, to offset th* aftenaath of war whan, ht predicted, "a hundred million men now undar ana*, or preparing munitions of war, will as thrown toto k*sai Unas." Green to Welcome Men Of 33rd Div. in Chicago CHICAGO — (AP)-*oldters of the 33rd division who will parade to Chicago's Amtstte* day paran* will be welcome* oOfcetally by Oov. Dwigbt M. Orson at a dinner after th* parade. Pen* O. Watttus. adviser to the governor, announced y*sterday that preliminary plans lor tht dlnntr had been drawn up by * group of representatives of various military and civic organisations. Col. Robert Wigsdesworth, president of tht 33rd Division War Veterans' aisorlatton. was named chairman of arrangements. Former Solvwi Mystery Of Disappearing Apples SHKLTON, WASH. — (AP) — Rancher George Cook* had bear meat to tat today and bis cows weren't eating apples. Cooke said h* Investigated a di* minishtog apple crap ant* discover a brown bear was soaking regu-o lar visits to his orchard and rtiaslng tht fruit frosi their*** while tto* cows stood bttow and ate than*. Cook* shot tht bear. or about on? mite north of the city I limit* o{ Moorhrod which adjoins' Farffo. The two cities are separated by! the Red river which ir the state line between Minnesota and North D*-j kola. i Plane Cnwhfs on Pralrte The crackup occurred on a fiat prairte. Captain Bates, dased, was found wandering In a fteld by motorists attracted by the flames. There apparently were no witnesses to the catastrophe. One report was that Captain Bates hud to be restrained from trying to climb into the burning wreckage to rescue the victims. This information came from Charles Bailey. O, and Eveline Berg. Fargo beauty operator, en route home from a suburban night club when they saw tbe fire. Miss Berg who accompanied Bates to the hospital s&id he apparently tried to tell what happened en route. Bob Donahue, local advertising man who alao rode in the ambulance, said Bates mumbled something about th« air speed indicator not working and about controls not responding because of ice. How Capt Bates got out of the inferno alive mystified Investigators. The original theory was that he was thrown out when the big liner struck the earth. Later some officials thought he might have climb- ered through tbe escape door. Bates, himself, had recovered from shock sufficiently to permit more thorough examination to the hospital. While he was being wheeled Into tbe X-ray room. Bates exchanged greetings with reporters but refused to discuss the crash. Meanwhile, private Investigators had determined that the plane circled over the Fargo airport before the crash. It was reported to have come to as is customary to making an instrument approach and then swung back as if to make tht landing. That swing never was finished. Estimates were that UM plane was above BOO feet when it shot over the Fargo field as the ceiling at the time was estimated at that height. Pint noticed by the airline and CAA inspectors was a thick coating of ice on the leading edge of one wing. This presumably formed to the air and not from the water poured on by-firemen. Marks where the plane first struck, the ground showed tht landing wheels were retracted, indicating the pilot was not trying for a forced landing. Propeller marks alto (Continued OB pat* atgbt) •Pin I *• l^Mi^^w'^Mi^swewMpT-' For Security Taxes Congress to Receive Bill Within 2 Months WASHINGTON — (^—Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau announced today a program of steep increases to social security would be ready for consideration within the next two months. Be declined to give proposed new rates, but disclosed at a press conference that the sis* of the increase would bt geared definitely "to mop up the extra money to people's pockets for which there will not be good* to buy." In some authoritative circles it "Under these circumstances, the »•» *•« reported Morgenthau fa- preSg ofTed.ralomSStort.te ^S^^^^'^S Mid local g***n>ments to curtail V*?**} £? ^".LSf ?SL±.?J^ cent of his pay cheek. Morgenthau, however, said he was "not satisfied yet with the plans and net ready to f IV6 OUi> fletW^B* ~~ The steepness of the proposed to' crease was emphasised by Morgen- thau when he related that he and Federal Security Administrator Paul V. McNwtt had agreed that tha new tax rate should be based, not aa much on the actual needs of the social security program, but upon the used of the govern inflation and also to |n tha current fiscal treasury aspects a deflet berrewing to most tots taflx* is social security taxes. Social security teaes go sasetiy m- to the old-age i ami is fwafl. kat are immediately sorrowed by tha treasury in substantially the the treasury borrows from other investors by the salt of secwrt- ties. Borne officials artawata that the treasury could borrow ap much at •6,000,009,000 » year from soda! security If the taxes are raised. At present social security tends the treasury about UJIOMOMM a year. Morgaothau explained that social atcurity taxes were being aoasMer- ed in conjunction with ngular taws and borrowing. He put It this way: -My first Job is to ftnam» the national defense program. We gat as much as we can frans regular taxes, Then we have to borrow the rest, and any move we can make that will help mutt be considered." The secretary also disclosed that his sides have prepared for him— but be declined to disclose it-aa estimate of how much money the people will have to spend najst year which the experts thtok ought to ht immobilised either through taxes or borrowing to order to prevent us* of this money to bid up prices and cause inflation. This figure, he said. may be the main giud* in his finally choosing a new proposal social security tax rate. Under present social security laws, for oJtf-agc iissMions, both i , on Uwkr payraUs. la ptoyau pay I par ceo* ptoymepj insurance. Osj auUaoritatively reported ua*sr twa- Heavy Competition Is Expected Friday In Husking Contest New Record Winner Only One of Several Standout Performers TON7CA, ILL. — (AP) — Young Leonard Klein of Metamora, whose 5053 bushel* of corn picked in 80 minutes was the best mark ever made In Illinois and possibly In national competition, is only one of the dark horses to be watched in the state husking tournament here tomorrow. Klein's friends believe this might be his year for state and national honors, but four other men In the field of 16 have made better marks this year than the 45.43 bushel Illinois record set last year by Defending Champion Ecus Vaughn of Piatt county. Vaughn win be shooting for his third straight championship in the state contest, to be held on the farm of Theodore Schaefer two miles west of here. The Illinois winner and runner-up will compete Monday In the national tournament, to be held also on the Schaefer farm. Klein's 5021 mark was made In the Woodford county tournament In a field of exceptionally good corn. But. to quote Charley Miller of the Peru News-Herald, "It is all goad corn around here and all the boys are used to heavy stand*," Nattenal Becerd «*.71 Bushels Klein'* mark is recognised as the best ever made in Illinois and i* con- sld«red probably the beat throughout the corn belt The national con- tost record. 4*.7i; wa* set last year by the retiring champion, Irvln Bauman, another' Woodford county farmer. Klein Isnt a new man In big- tune harvesting. In 1939 be wa* IlUnoU runnenip and won fourth, place in the national meet. Another strong contender is Leon* ard Thompson of Oowden. fourth- place winner In the 1*40 state contest, who turned In an exceptional 4S.I5 bushel score In toe Shelby county contest despite a handicap of deep mud. The old all-time record for Illinois wa* 80.08 bushels, a*t by Clarence Endress of Wyoming, who 1* No. 8 man on this year's list with 4C.03 in the Marshall-Putnam con- Others who have exceeded Vaughn* state mark art Albert Ehnlt of PMria county, who picked ^_ had,' who 4544, ~Kal6~ coun^recoST In competition, the contestants are penalised for corn left to the Held and for husks left on the ears. Schaefer's fields have dried off considerably and visitors said there isnf enough mud to bother the contestants. Sees Conscription For Next 50 Years Army Officer Asserts —Prudence Demonds 11 LOUISVILLE, ICY. — (AP) — The United States is faced with the necessity of a 50-year program of preparedness. That was the forecast today of Brig. Gen. Frederick P. Russell of the U. S. army medical reserve corps who said the picture of such a oe fertile effort was far from bright. In a report to ths annual meeting of tbe Association of Military Surgeons through its official Journal, Russell said the Americas must not only be prepared to fight the present generation of German soldiers, but also "Hitler's brood"—children and grandchlldrsn-^oow ftgbt- mg for the itr-'-t M n of Europe. young men astweau 11 and SiysVs of age have bean barn sine* tha clow of the last war and have been aursod on tht Hitttriaa Ideology of German domination of the world, Rusesll declared, and art fanatics In carrying on this ideology. Many of the German saMtsj fighting to Russia will sarvNt to carry on tht Ocrmaaie patriotism of hatred and de*ii« for conquest M that even a German aetoet will mean that the conquered soldiers will carry on the spirit of national sodalitm for at toast anothar 30 yean and will transmit It «a their children to carry on another sjuar- ter of a century, the military surgeon declared. Tht only answer to this threat, JtusaeU continued, is to "formulate a plan for the next M years, rather than for a very temporary oaw cy and take stock of our human, as well as our material, resources to our planning." In the future, young men of mill tary age or coming to military age must make plans to advance for a year or more of training and be prepared to sacrifice a year of their lives In preparation for an emergency, he added. sury and White House consideration, the employer's tax for old-ag* pensions would be increased to 3 par cent so that his total tax, includii_ both pension and unemployment taxes, would be S per cent, or tht same amount which would bt taxed against the employe for pensions In diafusitng tht budgetary pob- Itss af tht treasury, Morgaathsu also advised reporters "not to fvar- savings to 11-Day Patriotic Relay Of 567 Miles to Start Friday in Pennslyvunia ERIE. PA.— (AP)—Ceremonies on the tiny, 128-year-old Ntwr&ra. Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry's flagship, will launch tomorrow a 567-mile cross-Pennsylvania relay run symbolizing the important* of America's physical fitness. Sixteen hundred schoolboy athletes will take part in the 11-day distance run. each relaying on to the next an aluminum baton to reach Independence hall at Philadelphia on Armistice day, where President Roosevelt has been invited to receive it. Sixteen-year-old Walker Reaher of Erie, clad in track uniform, will start the relay from the deck of the Niagara, which led a victorious fleet in the 1813 battle of take Erie. Bach boy, escorted by police cars, will run from 100 yards to a half depending on the number of to his area. The daily laps range from 3d to 73 miles. The runner will be timed t- arrive at Bidependence hall at 10:90 a. m n Mevaaibei II. one minute before the anniversary of the Armistice ending the World war. Germans Abroad Recalled to Fight On Russian Front Reich Manpower Cut- Sharply in Factories And on Battlefields NEW YORK — (AP) — Trustworthy advices reaching The Associate* Press today said that Oer- mansr.abread, acne with homes and busmosts* In foreign countries, had been salted to Oermany to recant weeks to fight on th* Russian front. About 300 to small groups left one country in the past few weeks. The friends of one man who left three ago haw received word already ef hi* death fa action Apart from those advices, a British announcement said that Oer- many had bean compelled also to draw worker* from war industries for tervtej in the fighting line and that to saake up the gap to factory ranks "Germany now wants to buy skilled labor at high rate* from neutrab." -•• > .' • She, British said that teAtesT tor this Us* tan ' • _ . _ to fctcrutt Hwtdiali afrer*^ workers on a large scale and that ta a memorandum to the Swedish government the director of the "Swedish social affairs admtolstratlon" had protested . theae attempts to "buy out Sweden's labor." London said that Adolf Hitler's recent statement that certain phases of war industry were being closed down because of accumulated reserves actually mean .that Germany lacked enough trained workers to keep them going. "The German army is claiming men due to the heavy casualties on the eastern front," it was said. "Porced_labpr_ from the _oocupkd countries has not given the results expected. The 'go slow* and sabotage are also severely hampering German-war output.—That"ii~why today Germany is trying, to enveigle neutral worker* plants." These British to man her war reports may be Ungisd by hopeful interpretation but their essence flU snugly into au- thentlc information from trained neutral experts watching the Oer- mans in various countries. Pitting together facts given by Information from countries around Oermany the truth appear* to be that Oermany feel* keenly her great manpower losses In Russia and shortage of skilled labor In her factories. OraMpied Ceswtrtes Drained Oermany ha* recruited skilled worker* from all occupttd countries for the past year. Pcubtieat this stream i* dwindling because the Roods Ntkt Tlwrsw*w3 IMs^wVIwIVgpnl HI WwlV^s^wVWPV OKLAHOMA CITY Thousands of — CAP) — forces} from their homes by widespread floods today as heavy rains beat a steady tattoo on ntw dan- gar from already rampant rivers. families wen. rushed from tht lowlands by truck and boat to Oklahoma City, Shawns*, Muskoge* and to isolated creak and river bottoms throughout tht state. Pedesal Observer Harry Wahlgren predicted that tht first frosatog weather of the mason would add to tbe misery of UM refuges*. In Oklahoma City relief agencies, working all night, already have evacuated more than 1.000 persons and more were streaming from the danger sones. Negro, 102, Dies CHICAGO — (AP)—Burton Roy, a Negro, who relative* said vas born 103 years ago toto slavery to Georgia and had 7» direct osscandanU, died last night at tnt rtttdtnoe of a dauathtr while on a visit from his borne at Puiaaki, HI. The daughter, Mia. Mildred Oretly, said tht survivors inciudad atght cbildwo. tight grandchildren, g| gnat grandchildren and M gnat groat paniahli- drao, the saM May saovai from Oaargta to lulsuto saortiy after tka CtvU war and la avfcsawtt* yaan served several terms on th* Puiaaki citf couactt. Reds Repulse Foe On Moscow Front; Make Other Gains Drive Toward Rostov And Caucasus Malted, According to Soviets Associated Press) Russia's armies were credited In front-line dispatches today with throwing the Germans back across the Narn river, some 50 miles southwest of Moscow, while on the southern front. Soviet troops were declared to have won strategic heights guarding the route to Rostov-on- Don. Ta&s, the official Russian news agency, said the Germans tried repeatedly to cross the Nsra but were beaten back. Counter-attacking Soviet troops then stormed across the river, Tass s&la .and entrenched themselves on the south bank under heavy fire. Slowed down in their land offensive against Moscow, the Germans sent more than 300 planes In a mass assault on the city yesterday, the Russians said. "It was the biggest attack carried out so far but was exactly as unsuccessful as all previous raids." they declared, adding that 39 nazi planes, a record, were shot down. German warplanes again raided Moscow during the night, while Soviet bombers countered with an attack on Berlin. Big-scale aerial attacks on Moscow have been underway for several days, it was reported. Naxfa Pwh tote Upper Donete Adolf Hitler's high command, silent on operations around Moscow, asserted that German troops were now swarming into the upper Donets river industrial basin on a broad front On the lower reaches of the Donets, however, the Russians claimed they had stopped the nail onslaught, that picked detachments As UMW Agrees To Further Talks of Hitler's elite guards massed around Rostov "have been marking time for several days." and that German tanks were being used as stationary fortresses in an attempt to hold gains. While the Germans advanced In the north, in the Kharkov aector, it was apparent that Soviet Marshal Semeon Timoibenko was making a supreme stand to defend Rostov and thus prevent .the nasi armies from (Continued on paae tight) On Wheat Supplies But Nation Is Unlikely To Import from U. S. By Franklin MulUn CHICAGO — (AP) — - Grain men, poring over war maps to see how much of the rich Russian agricultural land_nas__been_ engulf ed,-expressed belief ( today that the Soviet Union, world's blfgest wheat producer, has become "Wheat-deficient." sia is to continue to feed her millions their accustomed amount of breadstuff, imports will be necessary. This is the most important change to the world's wheat picture since the war began, market experts said, except for the cutting off of most of Europe's continental importing nations from the international market. The wheat market has received German officials and trustworthy cmtaly whar in Twrmaltlm** would be considered sensational reports that Rusisa already is taking delivery of Canadian wheat, either trans- snipped through Britain to Archangel or via Vladivostok. This traffic has not been confirmed officially. How important the Russian situation will bt over Ute long pull wiU depend ujion muatte's aailUy to Import wheat or other cereals to make up the deficiency. Normally con- it, with a wheat about a billion bushels. Russia is estimated to have lost possibly a fifth of her acreage. If any of the present world wheat surplus is absorbed by Russia, grain men said it would have an important effect on international market COO- sidered self-sufft crop annually of Even shipment of U. a. wheat to Russia is a possibility, though now considered remote, provided ships and ports like Archangel and Vladivostok arc '.accessible. Tbe United States government owns almost 300,000,000 bushels of an ex- portebi* wheat surplus estimated at around 400,000,000 bushels. Canada, Argentina and Australia, all surplus producers, liave large stocks of wheat priced cheaper than U, 8 grain and thus, on the basis of price alone, probably would get first call, trade experts said. However, none of these countries has a lease-lend program. AFL Seeks te Organize Elwood Ordnance Plant JOLIBT. ILL.—(AP)—Tony Augustino, president of <&* local laborers' union, announced Wednea< day a movement to organise at the Bwood ordnance plant a munitions Workers union to bt, affiliated with tha APL Had Carrier*, *uudinK and Common Laborers union. Augustine said ht. would apply for a charter as soon as enough mem- harabip cards an obUtmd by op' attploya* at tht Riant. union, he said, might pattern for unWrnijatitrri of Byrd Heads Committee For Federal Economy WASHINGTON — (API—Senator Byrd 'D-Va> demanded yesterday that "non-c&sential federal spending be cut to the bone" a few minutes after he was elected chairman of a new congressional committee created to pare federal expenditures. Byrd said that the first act of the new group was to ask Budget Director Harold Smith and 8ecr*t*rs of Treasury Morgenthau for "more specific data" on how ordinary gov- reduced or $3,The budget director previously had furnished the economy committee with a breakdown of these possible reductions, caning for huge slices in federal farm benefit payments and relief funds, but Chairman Byrd said this failed to show "just what activities in the various agencies and department would be affected." Soviets Transplant Complete Factories As Nazis Advance Disruption of Russia's War Production Thus Kept at a Minimum i By Henry C. Cassidy KUIBYSHEV, RUSSIA — (AP)— On the Volga, where the boatmen's song used to roll, the hum of machinery now is rising as industries spread along the river's flat valley. Prom Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev. Kharkov and other industrial cities, threatened or occupied by the Germans, entire factories have been picked up. carried off and transplanted to regions far from the front. I have just inspected one factory, far from Kuibyshev, which was Te- moved from Kiev'and which Russians said now is more than fulfilling lt» production plan. This aMdera, mlfnn1 to kaTti Kle» oo : June and within three days wsrken and machines started rotlmf by railway cats deap into BuatJa. (This was only seven days after the Germans invaded Russia. Kiev is more than 300 miles inside.Rus- sia.) The factory personnel and th« machinery arrived at the new site between July 10 and IS and production was resumed Aug. 5. August production, Russians said, was estimated to total 107 per cent of planned production while the September output was nearly double that of the factory at Kiev. Inevitable difficulties were encountered in transplanting factories. Theae included shortage of skilled labor, the temporary stoppage of some supplies and the scarcity of Rusaians proudly stated that workers volunteered to stay at their posts extra hours daily during tbe emergency period and engineers undertook to perform three to five hours' additional work daily as mechanics after toishtog their own tasks. The factory I visited brought ago specialists from Kiev »»vt engaged and trained local workers, including >rKl youths, from state labor reserve schools. sovnrr FOU&IGHT EVIDENT By Fred Vanderachmidt Today's dispatches from the Vola* and from Moscow penmUra short but sharp glimpse at one of the primary reasons why the red armies defending the red capital can stand toa*jr and even tkjht back under fmrtltiona which are fast approaching those of Verdun. Henry Casatdy, chief of The Associated bureau m Russia, a self-contained Mew Biglanrtar who has both shrewdness and Uoo, tails the story of one -leap frog* factories. This one uprooted from the Ukrainian capital psoatra- ofOUUn's of Kiev shortly after the Russian war started and moved bodily to the Volga river country, Old Timers to Speok . At Hearing on Moving Stephen Douglas Tomb CHICAGO—(AP)—Ten or twelve residents of Springfield who board one of th* Lincoln-Douglas will be asked to relate their .experiences with Stephen Hmiglas to a legislative committee which is to decide whether the tomb of should b* nsaovoa from its prat tnt location on Chicago's south side. Rep. Roland V. Ubonati, chair- nrytn gf tht fOHimHtOt. h* planned to ask tuts* old tisaan to attend a public hearing before the monument at *ht T llimrls Central railroad track* at 1Mb street. The date, he said, will b* set at their convenience, probably Nov. IS or IT. Their anecdotes will b* read into tee records and than a the public dttfiinion will bt bald aa rt- ntoval of tht tomb and monument Members of tht committee Ubonati art: •am Rap. mouth; achawmlaffal, o. «•• «• fp^rwwvrmm* **rm • ^>«*»y^i^^ai^ •• •»• «••• g ^fmm*n^i^ir% «•«• workers la oUar tniMiUoni plants. lotuc*g« anj< Chicago, and thre* rsaUseU of Captive Coal Pits Will Resume Work as Soon As Conditions Permit WASHINGTON — (AP) — John L. Lewis announced today that the United Mine Workers had accepted President Roosevelt's proposal for reopening the strike-bound captive mines and added that UM men would return to work as fast as arrangements could be made locally. In some areas. Lew's said, the night shifts may return tonight. Other mines, he asserted, could be reopened tomorrow. ' wis made the announcement m the Mayflower hotel room of Myron C. Taylor, former board chair* man of United States Steel corporation, which owns some of the cap* tive mines. Taylor was sUnding beside the Mine Workers' president when it was made and said he was "very much gratified with the broad cooperative attitude which Mr. Lewis had displayed in a difficult situation in time of great national peril." Lewis and Taylor called in report- erf Mter the Mine Workers' leader had conferred for two hours, with district leaden of the UMW. Lewis Bmiaimiidi Acc«a4aa«« In his announcement of the agreement to return to work, Lewis said that the union leaders had accepted the President's proposal "on my recommendation." Mr. Roosevelt proposed In a Utter to William H. Davis, chairman of the defense mediation board, that the mines be reopened pending further consideration of the taues involved in the dispute, which affect* 53,000 miners, by the full membership of the mediation board. Under the Presktenfs suggestion, neither side would be committed to accept the board's recommendation. The principal issue in UM dispute, which has threatened the supply of fuel for steel mills, is whether tha captive mine operators shall accept the union's demand for a unkr abop, under which employes would be required to Join the UMW after a preliminary period of employment. Tha orjttve satees are tr called they are owned by ether mostly steel cnmpantaa. whfeli use their oaal output Instead o* sl ^^ • • — ~^- • LaMT« Lewis told reporters that the entire baste for the for reopening the mines had motto! from tbe six-hour conference which hc-bett yecterday with Taylor. Ua- s also attended this In an oral statement to Lewis said: v "Once again Mr. Taylor and I have been able to render service at a time of great national interest In » manner that has secured the gracious approval of the President. "It-may be recalled that seven yean ago m this hotel Mr. Taylor and I settled the captivt mine controversy ofjm "in later yean'we •ubstanUal^ r negotiated the contract covet lug tha present relationship in the steal to^At tt^ Un» I state* thai, Mr. Taylor was an industrial states man of far sxtng'vision. X retterato that today. I wish to express gratification that the problem k on the way to iptete settlement without •taotial inconvenience to tha coon* try or the defense prograaV Lewia sunsmooed ton district prest- dents to meet with him SB his office at^UsCW headojuarteis, not far fmv Uw White House. The called together after air. made the proposal hH fourth hi a of effort* tor of fuel to steel far west as far south as Btr Ufa XIL, and aa sa. Ala, Ljwfc arrives!. Thoa* J< UMW mferrsng with the m th* forenoon and te bis office as they •arty Ark. Oaarftald. Pa.: Wil- ttass Hynsa, Uakmtown, Pa.; John O'Laary, Pittsburgh: P. T. Pagan, Pttteburgb; John Owens, firhswtfms. O., Ray Mmundsnn. aprtngfteld. Charlaston. W. Jetttoo. Hi.; Van A. Va.; WuHam Tumataaar (Oonttnusd on page eight* (By Tha Chicago and vicinity: light rain this afternoon, early priday cloudy and chtthj. vain sstcapt ta sc- ing south poviloB Priday; colder northwest to» J night. Iowa: Cloudy ing UsaparatuM north tonight; Priday partly cloudy to cloudy. raUog tomperatuie la afternoon watt. U 1 p. m. I p. m. I p. m. 4p.m. I p. m. • p. m. f p. m, • p, no. • p. so. 1* p. BL 11 p.». LOCAL TCMPKKAT fUl 4? 13 mH"^H 4i 1 a. m. 4* a a. m. 47 3 a. m. il 4a.m. 45 44 43 42 43 43 41 5s. m. • a. m. 7 a. m i a. m, i a- ta. 10 a. m. tl *.&. 41 44 44 44 44 44 «4 4| 44 44 44 41

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