Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois on April 22, 1897 · Page 7
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Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois · Page 7

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Sterling, Illinois
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Thursday, April 22, 1897
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Page 7
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r i. i. Bromotw, Jt., 1« a« - --.. i» Hxwlt Fislii for B»4 BTAJTDAWn. *nd b* *.-< AorlMd to ooildK-i fc!l fcOH la tea* ««*J. t>«tt/» STANDARD r«fttil»rtf and promptly, go *. Rtnrtoa rtwat H. Uoloma Township Officers. ^aperrliOT— H. F. Bfttchollor. Town Clerk— F. D. BoMbrook* T— A. M. BfttobeUer. — t)hM. Bwmss, • . _ . of tbe P«w»-K. O. Winter*. Jotm , • . Oonrtrtles— SldnerWelclj, W. A, H»ll. f\iinials«!oaws ol Hlahwari— W. B. OurtU, J' Jl Dontlne, H. 8. Wooai. HOOK FALLS OFFICSB8. . I1»j Olei fc-B. 0. Winters. Attorney— H. L. Bneldon. TrwMrorer— T. A. Worman, M»nhal-W. A.. HAll. . . fttrwt Etapt.— John Kftdel. (Tilst Fire Department— A. 0. 8t»nl«j. Cltt Bngtowr— W. 0. Holbrook. Health OommliRtoner— Dr. B. L. bow. Qtj KlsetrtcUn— 0. A. Logerwfttt. City Collector— B. 0. Winters. .„„ •l«*ri« Light OoUMtor— B. a MflNetl. AMwmen-Flrit Ward. A. B. TItM, H. N. flb«lt«ri SMOD& Ward, W^ B. Curtis, -B. H. W,*ds; Third Ward. A. B. Goodeu. B. L, At- falls Professional Men, Attorney*. J. W.WHJTB. H. L. BHULDOHi WHITE A SHELDON, nT Counsellors at Liw, THE CITY ELECTION. N04JCENSE CARRIED BY A MAJORITY OF SEVENTY-SEVEN. Mach Excitement on tho Candidates of Mayor and Alderman Worrt Lincoln, Elected Mftyor, and R. E. Welzell, John Dlcltiion nnd E. A. M*eomber, Aldermen. One of the hottest election ever held in the city was held Tuesday i There was a strong feeling existing that a new set of city ofBcibls should be elected, and of course, the ex-officers were just as eager to be retained. Mayor— Leitch .. Culver.. Lincoln,. City Clerk. Winters. CltyAttorn'y Sheldon... Treasurer Davis AgB'tLlcenne For License. Aldermen Wetzel Goodrich.... DlckBon Frank Macomber... Atkins...... iBtW. 2d W. 50 6 87 110 110 102 73 68 87 57 3d W. Total 70 12 93 143 134 HO 92 71 89 82 82 17 76 134 123 140 109 68 100 72 202 35 255 387 367 882 274 197 144 171 172 Money Loaned on Real Estate. Ray McKlnzle and Horace Booth, of Tamplco, were Rock Falls visitors Friday. Jack Grady went to Springfield Tuesday, where it ia said, he has procured a situation. < John Allison, Sr., of Amboy, came down Friday on business. He called on his children here also. J. E. Durstine went to Moltne Tuesday to attend the meeting of the District Congregational Association. Charlie Pfulb came to town from ten miles out, where he is working, to cast a ballot for no license Tuesday iu this city. ...•'. Ernest Babcock, of Erie, returned home last night, after a few days visit with hia brother, A. E. Babcock, and family of this city. Mrs. S. M. Mingle.and daughters, Misses Eflle and Nellie, went to Chicago to stay until May 1. Miss Effie is expected back next Saturday. John Murray, of Montmorency, baa been having carpenters at his place this week making some material alterations to his residence. Charles Pfulb • Is doing the work. Mrs. E. R,. Hopkins writes from Cleveland, Ohio, that her mother has had another bad attack of illness. The stay of Mrs. Hopkins, is therefore, of a very uncertain nature. •• John Heckman.of Stones.haa bought twenty-three head of fat steers of Lewis Hullinger for 34.15 per hundred. Mr. Heckman will feed them a few weeks longer before shipping. Mrs. Lloyd Golder has' come from Minnesota for a month's visit, while her husband has gone West with sev- ei-nl prominent railway ouiclals to test several of the largest engines ever put on tbe road. ~" T6~(fK'jy"sto.ne~Company officials-are having workmen repairing various -parts of the plantjwhich are getting out of repair by age. The latest is a long wide eaves trough on the whole west end of their large foundry. Carl Winters writes from Cedar Rap- Ida, la.; where.be is attending businea college, that the whole city full of people were fearfully Hgitated Wednesday night over the airship which hovered over that city that ' nUht. Nearly everybody .were out straluinc their eyts. Th-letter was, written to his father, K. C. Winters. . . Jluve yuu Beeu Charles Staples-new rca'i cart.? If not, yi>ir should watch for it, Charlie is a vi ry ingenious in- 'dividual anil la always doing and making something just a little out of the oid'Dary. . This roftd cart.U just a lit- tttdiffeient from any thing' one has ever Been. . It is a very low one and is drttwnby ti'-pony. With Charlie holding the linee. the whole equipage, is a very odd io • king one. . - ' The close of the mouth of April Completes a year that tbe janitor service of the Congregational church has coat the church nothing. This work for the past ye*r has been done gratuitously by various memLerH of the, church from one week to oue month each, thereby saving the church about 8125. The last to donate hie services has been Samuel Wilson. His month ban just finished and a very good oue ha has made too. There was much excitement last Saturday afternoon in the Banes school district in Montmorency,south of town aeyen miles, over the otlice of Director. The candidates wuie Mra. Minnie Titus and John Olmanns. Nearly all of the voters of the district were present and voted, There were thirty-niae votes cast. Mrp.Titu* revived twenty-live and Mr. Oltmanns r^c-ivid fourteen. Mri. Titus nad a majority nf num. 'l'h« gucceaB f ul candid Ue correspondent from The question of license or no license was a separate issue and was put on the bottom of each ticket and this was carried by a much larger majority for no license than the friends of that side of the Issue had anticipated. The vote on the license question stood, 197 for, and 274 against. The whole ticket elected are new ones, with the f-xception of City Clerk and City Attorney. ; 'TWO FIRSTS FOR COLOMA. UVE QUESTIONS, ot Artlclf* Contributed fey Thinkers. As Usual, Colonm Cornell Off. Winner of Flrnt Prizes. In a elocutionary contest, Coloma has again carried off the honors. This has always been the case. For timber of that sort, the south side of the river claims to have about as good as there is to be found. The ungraded schools of the union township of Coloma and Sterling had a contest in the Woodlawn school house Friday night. There were three grades: Under nine years of age, between nine and twelve and over twelve. Each school in the township waa entitled to a contestant in each class. The following were given the prizes: Under nine: Alice Worthington of the Brick school; first prize; John Nunemaker, of Sterling, Second. Between nine and under twelve: Helen Landib, :of the Coloma Brick, Qrst prize; Earl Aridrus, of Woodlawn, second, Alice McFalls, of Coloma Rlverdale, third. .Over twelve: Agnes Harting.of West Science Hidge, drat; — : .East Stence Ridge, second. Thus, as will be seen, Colonm received two firsts and one third. King's Daughters Convention. There will be a County Convention of the King's Daughters held in the Presbyterian church of Sterling next Saturday afternoon at 2 o'clock. The meeting will be led by Miss Beth Ramsey, of Rook Fails, of the (Qood Deed Circle of Hume. All'Circles of the county are invited to attend. Rock Falls circle will attend in a body and most of the members will be present. One Afore Huow Sturm. The ilrst snow of the winter was on the twenty-first day of the month, consequently there must be twenty-one snow storms, big and little, during the winti-r, so runs an old saw. There has been just twenty anow storm*, BO they say who huve kept track of ir, consequently there must b« one more to make the adage hold good. Will the twenty-first OIIH come? , A t'ri'iik of Niilure. Ed' Woods, of Montmorency, had' born to one of his cows a few <lnys ago a calf which ha* no ey s. Thrre are small slits where the eyes ought to be, but there are no rye iialls. The calf is a very lively animal and gets along very nicely without eyes and baa no thoughts of dying. John \Vct2ell,.wno tma been living in Humbo t county, r».,on.iiis farm for the past three years, has sold it and is now in Rock Falls and Sterling visiting hiB frl-ii'i.c, Hi« cousin,, Miss 'Lizzie Lenhart, who has been keeping houfle for him, is bii-k also. They used to be residents in this city up to three yeura ago. They expect to 'go/*&b'tth ou another farm they have purch-md. Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Sheldon returned home from Mansfield, Mo., last Friday. They had a fine trip. The town is on the highest, part, of thh Ozark mountains, about 1,600 fe*t higher than the tea level. Mr. Sheldon took along his German book and belays he never opened it one*. At the Convention of the Pixon District Epworth League which convenes in Mendota April j$, 29 and 30 Mies Marie Butler, of Rdck Falls, will read u paper on, "Patriotism and Christian- 11 >." This will be delivered Thursday Apr. 28, atSo'elock. TAXATIQN-THE FUNDAMENTAL QUESTION. By Frederick JW. Crnnden, Pnbllc t,tt>rm- rlftn, St. Ix>nl«. I. • Sydney Smith, I believe, is credited with the saying that there ifl nothing certain in life but death and taxes. If Sydney Smith had studied the incidence of taxation and become acquainted with the arts of the tax dodger, he might have questioned the inevitableneaa of taxes. However, the unavoidableness of these two incidents of" life does not destroy our natural choice regarding the guise and manner of their coining. As tbeait are various opinions respecting the most desirable mode of death, BO there ia great' divergence of opinion as to the best system of taxation. To the practical politician with a budget to submit that method is preferable which plucks the geese BO as "to get the greatest quantity of feathers with the least squawking." There are politicians so practical as to prefer the particular measure that promises them in one form or another what the vulgar call a "rake off. " But the honest, constructive statesman and the unbiased student of economics agree that a simple, straightforward demand upon the citizen for his share toward the support of the government is the fairest and best method. They take issue with the wily politician and hold thai each citizen should know how much he ia paying, that ho may be the more watchful of governmental expenditures. We all condemn the present oystem by which, as Misa Halstcad strikingly puta it, "those who have much property aro allowed a wholesale discount on their taxes, while those who have little pay a high retail price," An income tax is not the ideal system, but all fnir minded persona must agree that any tax on what n man has is better than a tax on what ho needs. It is certainly more equitable that the man with $6,000 a year should bo taxed 2 per cent on $1,000 thoii that his neighbor with $1,000 a year should pay a 20 per cent tax on everything that ho buys with that $1-,000, especially if half the extra cost of his necessities goes to enrich other men and not to support the government. Taxes may be roughly divided into four general classes: First, taxes on what u man has — ou his possessions or his income; second, taxes' ou what he does— for example, merchants' and manufacturers' licenses, etc.; third, taxes on his wants, whether necessities or luxuries, tariff and excise, 'and, finally, a tax ou monopoly values. Legislative Quacks. Our legislative quacks have prepared for us n nauseous potion composed chiefly of the first three ingredients, sweetened with just enough of the' last to keep the boys from throwing the whole thing ou to tho ash pile. We make very wry faces, but we swallow it, each trying to pick out as small a cup as possible, and many, by means of false bottoms and colored glass, reducing tho quantity below tho legal standard of a dose. Some of tho older and sharper boys have succeeded in making the master believe that they are swallowing doses of sulphur and treacle corresponding to their size, -while in reality they have, by threats or trickery or cajolery, forced . their portions ou to the little boys, who are too innocent or too timid to make an effective protest. 1 These great, cunning rogues make as wry faces as the rest, -while inwardly chuckling and congratulating themselves ou the good effects of taxation on the national system. Let us . briefly consider these various methods: _____ First.— The.. tax_-on_property_aud.in- come.'K That looks fair. It seems but right that men should pay according to their ability to pay, and this method is very popular. Tbo boys in the primary grades, who are manfully struggling with their spoonfuls, suppose that the big fellows in tho sixth form are gulping down goblets for the benefit of tho national health. But they're not. The fact is, this plan is impracticable and futile, except in the form of a properly graded legacy duty, which is likely to receive general attention iu tho near future. There are also other objections which 1 will not' take time to discuss. Difficulties of FrcHont Method. . ' Second. — A tax on what a rusui does, the tux paid by the manufacturer for tho privilege of making things for his follows or 'by the merchant for be'nefit- iug has neighbors by exchanging their products for those of other pluce%and countries. How impracticable it is to apply sucb -a law fairly is illustrated by tho fact that one house in St. Louis, which is noted "for its honest returns, held a year or two ago, according to the assessor's books, one-eighth of all tho merchants' stocks in the "whole city. Bat, aside froiii its inevitably unfair application, it is an absurd plau to tax a man for : benefiting, his fellow citizens, to impose ou him u penalty proportioned to tbe measure of his service, eveu if you could succeed in doing it. But, furthermore, as is the case with all indirect taxes, you don't succeed iu taxing him at all, for he. counts the tax in with the cost of bis goods aud shif ta it to the cou- Huruer. This is palpably true also of the third plan. If you tax the manufacture or the importation of any article you increase its cost by just the amount of the tax, which, -with a profit on the extra investment, must bo paid by the consumers. And wheu tho commodities so taxed are articles of prime necessity, you iuflict a grievous burden ou those least able to bear it. . Tiixcs Out of Community Values. And now we come to the fourth form, whieh is, in tho • ordinary sense of tbi word, not & tux at all. You will observe that in all the other forms the tax (auc that Is tho ordinary acceptation of the fffi smrrnnt- ojfv^HI fr**m fit" or income of the SnAividos!, tlwppfows KTtppft^"!? that he Required his wen 1th honestly — that he nrnedit—n certain portion of thefrnits of his Inbor is taken from%im. Aceord- ng to the fourth plan, the individual is not called on to surrender a single cent of bis earnings, bnfc each individual in o pay the state—i. e., bis fellow citizens—for those values created by the community which he monopolizes. Thousands of IjwHes fire wsJngr Bras.!!fan Balm. For soreness, pain, hearing do?rn nnd tnnny kinds of trouble, it nets like a chunrti. "A 50 cent or dollar bottle often does more good in one week than any other remedy does in months. It goes right to the spot, removing ftll inflammation. Mrs. Geo. W. Roberts, of Wilmington, Del., says, "A strong solution of Brazilian Balm and warm water used as an injection has dcmi m« more good than all tbe remedies and prescriptions I ever tried." HON. W. P. REEVES CORRECTS THE NATION REGARDING NEW ZEALAND PROSPERITY. To the Editor of The Nation: SIB—As one of your readers I was even more amazed than amused at your article of Sept. 10 entitled "A Striking Illustration." Verily it ia a striking 11- ufltration, but not of the ways of the New Zealand government. It does but afford an example of th6 offhand manner in which eveu newspapers of the nghest standing and ability will print ;he most extraordinary and laughable .naccuracies when writing of faroff countries. New Zealand is a long way off and is not a very big country. It is somewhat smaller than the British islands, and its population is considerably [ess than 1,000,000. For these reasons one would have no cause to complain if New Zealand were regarded by you as an outpost of civilization too insignificant to be referred to. But since you tiavo chosen to refer to it I submit that one has every reason to complain that you have laid before your readers a series of misstatements so comically inaccurate as scarcely to be worth categorical disprove!. Your article begins by some general remarks about tho position of Australian political parties, remarks which Deem to me to bo the reverse of correct, but which ore more of less matters of opinion. I therefore propose to confine myself to what you assert to bo actual facts about my own colony. First as to your statement that tho government of Now Zealand' 'has~takeu possession of the land on tho Henry {Jeorgo principle.'' I suppose yon must menu to refer to our.rcpurchaso statute, the "land for settlements act," a sketch of which yon go ou to give. Iu no other way has our government taken possession of tho laud. Now, the total amount so far bought by tho government under that act is less than 100,000 acres, and tho area of New Zealand is more than 06,000,000 acres. Moreover, it so happens that with one solitary exception every piece of land' bought by tho government has been acquired at tho desire of the private owner thereof. So far is tho Now Zealand legislature from having adopted the principles of Henry George that I believe there is one single taxer sitting in tho New Zealand parliament and only one. He is an able young man of high character, .but his position ct present is lonely. Next you go on to describe our system of village settlements. A very lurid picture do you give. I learn from, it that these settlements were established in tho year 1898; that they aro composed of groups of not less than 20 persons; that each group is governed by boards of trustees exercising unprecedented powers; that each member of each group is entitled to a government loan of about £BO of our money; that the boards possess despotic authority nnd have used it in such a way as to create intense discontent; that a commission appointed" to inquire into tho villages reports that tho government advances have been exhausted and that some of the communities ore as much as $050 a head in debt, while land has been left untillod and tho settlers are in many cases at each other's ears and bitterly dissatisfied with their condition. ,To term this sketch inaccurate would be flattery. From beginning to end tho story is. a' pure myth. The New Zealand village settlements were for the most part founded in tho years 1885 and 1886.- They ore not in any case gdverued. by any board of trustees. Rightly or wrongly, their constitution is not communistic; it is not even co-operative. Tho individual settlers .have legally nothing to do with each other. They are ordinary neighbors, nothing more. They ore not specially governed by anybody, but are as free as other citizens, free to come and go as. they please, earn what they can, spend what they cboose. The settlements, on tho whole, are admitted to bo financial and industrial successes. ,3?he amount of rent and interest in arrears is very email. Tho value of the improvements effected ou tho holdings is lurgo ami steadily increasing. Very littlo money 1ms beeu advanced to the settlers since tho year 1887 and iu 110 case moro than £10 per head. You would not fiud one settler owing $050 to tho state or anything near that eum. No- parliamentary inquiry such us-'you describe has been held, nor is thcro any call for any such investigation. • As to your article of Sept. 17 on "Populism In Australia," I do not propose to waste your space and my own timo in disproving the counts of its wila and sweeping indictment. Sufficient to say that, so far as New Zealand is con- cerned,'(lj strikes have never been accompanied by murder or incendiarism; (2) the iwpulatiou of our cities is not composed of ruined gold miners and furious" protectionists; (8) the agricultural class generally is not without political influence; politically it is perhaps the most influential class in the colony; (4) tho figures you give as tboso of the bank guarantee of 1894 ore wrong by millions of dollars; (5) our lust three cabiueta have.. lasted 13 years iu all, though one of them changed its premier owing to a death; (0) it isabsurdto say tbat "to succeed iu a profession is death to a politician." Oue of the two parties' in the Now Zealaud parliament is headed by a large, landowner, and tho two perhaps most brilliant .and iufljeutial debaters there are successful barristers. Ouo of these formerly headed the Populist party there and could, have had a Beat iu tho present cabinet had ho so desired. I have the honor to be, youra obediently, W. P. BEEVES, Agent General For New Zealand- Loadou. . • saved A Boy's iJif e^ Mrs. Captain H. Hubbard, of Milford, Del., says: "Brazilian Balm saved .my boy's life. He began just like the one we lost With croup. We gave-him a few doses. He auickly dropped to sleep, and was all right in tne morning." Asthma Can Be Cured. T. R. Niblo, ex-school superintendent of Rochester, Pa., says: "I nave been a great sufferer from asthma for years, but I have had a splendid winter, owing to the surprising efficacy _of Brazilian Balm." A lady IB Cincinnati, who had suffered with asthma for 17 years, could not lie down; was perfectly cured with Brazilian Balm. Why Suffer with Dyspepsia? Chas. Brootne, 850 South Second St., Philadelphia, says: "It took only two months for Brazilian Balm to cure me of dyspepsia with which I suffered over 30 years. Now I have no pain or stomach cough, and can eat anything. Brazilian Balm beats the world." Our Cheap Hats Range from $1,00 TO $4.00 EACH and... Our Select Patterns from $5.00 TO $1500 EACH ftllCE WI'LMISU, • \ No. 5 East Third Street. i n tit. cum' hv..l fiC"iin(tt thin otto*, or aoiure» THK **T| StlouisfcSari FranciscoR,R, THROUGH CAR ROUTE BETWEEN AND. SPRINGFIELD JOPLIN PITTSBURG WICHITA EUREKA SPRINGS FT. SMITH PARIS DALLAS! SAN ANTONIO HOUSTON GALVESTON Solid Veitibulad Tiainj with Pullmsn Sleepers and Reclining Chair Cars. Harvey Dining Halls. Maps, time tables and full information tVrnithtd upon application to H. SCHULTEB, 6EO. T. S1CHOLSOS, Gen'l Agent, Gen'l Pasi'r Agent, CHICAGO, ILL. &T. LOUIS, MO- 81 00' 01 85 Good every day Until April 25th. Onion sets & cents per quart, white or "ellow. 0. E. BAILEY, Rock Palis, IIHnoi*. The shorten between two points i* straight line, connecting the two points. The STANDARD ia the straight line; the two point*, art; 'the Kellers Do you see the point? G. E. Bailey's Cash Store bar Santa Clana Soap....... io i Ib. Uncolored Japan Te*..5c Ib. XXXX Coffee .'.... M Ib. Corn Starch....:... 8c Ibo. W&ahldgSoda..;.......3c i Ib. Black Pepper ..........5c Iba. Rolled Oats .Be qte. Navy Beans 8c gal. Cider Vinegar IBo Ibe. Dried Apricots 23c gal. Syrup 25c Other* Ask. l&e 8e ioe 20e 9o 200 25c Soc SPECIAL SALE ON Curtains-.'... * AND Sofa Pillows at the Lad ies' Bazaar MRS. L. HODGES. locust Street, second door north of Oalt House. To any person Interested in humane matter*, or who loves animals, we will send free, upon applications copy of the " ALLIANCE," the organ of this Society. In addition to its Intensely Interesting reading, it contains a list of the valuable and unusual premiums given by the paper. Address. THE NATIONAL HUMANE ALLIANCE, 410-411 United Charities Building;, New York. HEADQUARTERS for ... FRESH VEGETABLES, which are • received' daily. • Strawberries on .... -Wednesdays and Saturdays, at... W. W. HASKELL'S, 122 E. THIRD ST., STERLING, ILLINOIS. We have Cleaned House, And are now prepared to do^business iu better shape than ever before. Will have.a complete liue 'of Fresh Vegetables on hand at all times. Try my Flour« None better, C. H. ATWOOD, Tbe West Ead Grocer.

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