Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on February 19, 1941 · Page 37
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 37

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Wednesday, February 19, 1941
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Open NA GROWS 1940-p$81,509300.00 193M7-S58.3SS.4Q1. 00 ARI 1934 -0523.292.150 00 51st Year, No. 277, Phoenix, Arizona BLIG Pagbi 112 N. CENTRAL AVB."" TELEPHONE 3-1111 .Wednesday Morning, February 19, 194J ARMY LANDS AT SINGAPORE U. S. Moves Toward War Basis Stricter Economy Forecast Costs Of Army Construction Soar \V7ASHINGTON, Feb. '18— W (UP)—A series of seemingly unrelated events pointed tonight to the possibility that the United States soon may be placed on a strict war economy basis in order to speed domestic rearmament and aid to Britain. Thp incidents involved such diversified personalities and organizations as Jesse Jones, secretary of mmmerrp; Wayne Chatfield Tay- Inr. undersecretary of commerce; the army; the agriculture department; Leon Henderson, defense commissioner; and Mrs. Eleanor Rnosevelt. Drvelopmenls included: 1. Jones told the house banking committee the United States is "in th- war, at least we're nearly in the war; we're preparing for it." Caution Askrfd :. Taylor urged the Temporary National Committee to refrain from making any recommendations \vhich would slow the defense drive. After peace is restored to the world, he said, conditions should be reviewed anew; but in times of stress ''we can and we must put aside our pet theories." Most observers Jind expected the group to recommend tweeping revision of antimonopoly and other laws. 3. Agriculture department officials started a survey to determine what food supplies could be sent ahrnad in event President Ropse- vrlt decides i o make the United k StalAs the larder, as well as the arsenal, of democracies. Costs Exceed Estimates <. The armv was revealed Jesse Jones SaysU.'S. Is In War •\V/ASHINGTON, Feb W (AP)—Jesse Jones told a congressional committee today that "we're nearly in the war," but immediately Had the remark stricken from the record. President Roosevelt commented ater that it did not mean anything. The secretary of commerce and federal loan administrator was discussing a defense housing bill before the house banking committee when he said: "We're in the war; at least we're nearly in the war. We're preparing for it; when you do that, you've ;ot to throw money away." At his direction the official stenographer crossed out the remarks, hut Jones made no request that newspaper reporters refrain from quoting him. The matter was raised at Mr. Roosevelt's press conference, and the President termed the statement a lot of words that did not mean anything. He added that his comment, applied not particularly to Jones but to the press or anyone else who made similar expressions. Home Defense Plan Is Given Consideration Federal Program To Be Ready In Few Weeks WASHINGTON, Feb. 18—(INS) President Roosevelt promised this afternoon that in a few weeks the administration will be ready to to have told rongress its construction costs are running 50 per cent above orijrina] estimates. It ascribed the situation tn hasty planning and rising material and labor prices. Steps are being taken in all in- Hanrcs and the situation is being "brought into line," it added. 5. Henderson, director of the de- frnsc commission's price stabilization division, yesterday proclaimed maximum prices /or used machine tools and assailed profiteering in tales o( such articles. He warned that the maximum-price order was the forerunner of similar steps in ether industries which have at- 1«mpled tn make exorbitant profits from the preparedness drive. Must Dn Without *• Mrs. Roosevelt, regarded gen- Tally as wielding strong behind- the-scenes influence and as know- War. in frequently what the administration i? contemplating, suggested to , her press conference that the nation had better get used to doing v 'ithout many articles such as new fars and aluminum kitchen uten- *'ts. She pointed out that plants making those articles are being diverted tn defense production. She K- ' that when existing stocks are fxhausted the nation probably will nave tn do without the products. Melvin .1. Maas, Republican, Minnesota representative. today..urged 'he house rules committee to establish a special house committee to lu-eotiated defense contracts. ranking minority member of >ne house naval affairs committee. jvarned that "a scandal will break" involving the defense commission unless negotiated contracts are Batched carefully. Talks With Aids The survey of food supplies was woered cfter Mr. Roosevelt discussed the situation with Harry L. nopHins. his personal emissary who "as just returned from Britain, Harold D. Smith, budget- director, *na the secretaries of agriculture, «'ar, navy, and the treasury. Administration leaders be- jj'}'« the pending British mid "ill is sufficiently broad to per- Jut shipment of food supplies ™ the British Isles. London Announces Minesweeper Sunk •LONDON. Feb. is—<AP)—The Jwniralty announced tonight the nunesw-epppr Huntly had been sunk ^ne craft was in command of Lt. ^omdr. E. S. Cotsell, R. N. R. .', Next qf kin of Been notified, a comm over the selective service age may best and most efficiently serve the national defense in their respective communities. The President entered into a ather lengthy philosophical discussion on this problem at his press conference as a result of an open etler written to him by a Cleveand man who had served in the corps during the World This man was wondering what „> and others in his age group could do to serve their country. Defense Setup Improved The President said the time had not come—and he hoped it would not—when the government would, have lo take any considerable number of people from their regular jobs for national defense serv- ce. At present, he said, the neces- sarv increase in the defense setup s proceeding in a normal way. Citing several instances Mr. Roosevelt told of a 52-year-old man in his home county who is driving a school bus. but who wanted to serve his country. The President said that m taking the children to and from school this man was performing a useful and necessary service, and addea that it probably was as useful and necessary sen-ice as he could con•' Home Defense Studied Similarly, the gawge man who keen-! the wheels going by dis- nensing gas and oil and repairing «rHs performing a useful function as is the girl behind the department store counter or the person engaged in bakin * br 4*°' u As time goes on, Mr. Koose\en conceded, .the government may have to do a little picking and choosing from peacetime industries to round out the national defense. Meanwhile, however, he*»d, a number of men andwomen have been studying the general proo^ soSething m wili e C be e made publ soon. Aid Plan Is Blasted In Senate Power Politics, Dictatorship Fears Told \V/ ASHINGT ON, Feb. 18— W (UP)—Senate Republicans today publicly rebuked Wendell L. Willkie for supporting the British aid bill, which they said would make President Roosevelt the "dictator" of the United States and the "No. 1 power politician of the world." Pot shots at the 1940 Republican presidential candidate were taken by Arthur H. Vandenberg, Republican, Michigan, and Gerald P. Nye, Republican, North Dakota, two of the three opposition leaders who spoke during the second day of debate on the historic measure. Willkic .Scathingly Criticized Vandenberg, unsuccessful candidate for the 1940 nomination, referred to Willkie as the President's "clipper ambassador." Nye called him "that great expert on European affairs." • A minority report of the senate foreign relations committee, offered by Hiram Johnson, Republican, California, who backed Willkie for the presidency, said his testimony before, the committee in support of the bill was a "one man circus intended to influence the citizens." Other Developments Criticism of the titular leader, of the Republican party was one of several developments touching on the British aid program. Others included: 1. President Roosevelt appointed Averill Harriman, New 'York financier, as special defense "expediter" to handle work on the .end-lease program in London. Mr. Roosevelt reported that le hoped to have administrative details of the all-out program competed tentatively in 10 days or wo weeks. 3. Adml. Harold R. Stark, chief of naval operations, indicated after a White House visit that the possibility of additional naval vessels jeing" transferred to Britain is kept alive by the flow of world events. Proponents of the aid bill will lold the senate floor Wednesday, with Tom Connally, Democrat, Texas, Lister Hill, Democrat, Alabama, and Josiah Bailey, Democrat, Vorth Carolina, scheduled to speak. Lead-off man for the opposition- sts today was Bennett C. Clark, sharp-tongued Missouri Democrat. Called Step Toward War Clark, Vandenberg and Nye contended that passftge of the bill was another step toward involvement of the United States in war; that the measure was not needed to keep a steady stream of war materials flowing to Britain; that presidential powers in the legislation would make Mr. Roosevelt a dictator, and that the proposa: committed this country to a policj of policing the world. They warned that in passing the bill congress would be authorizing the President to engage in "power politics in a mad world"; empower him to name aggressor nations and determine their punishment, and to call upon the taxpayers to bear an added burden which has not been imposed on the people in British possessions. - Xj-e Hurls Charges Nye charged that "the House of Morgan and other agencies have been conniving and scheming ways to • sell the American people on the idea that Britain was fighting our battle and that we ought at least be ready to pay part of the bill for it." Clark, who charged earlier that Britain still has resources in the Anti-Nazi Drive Bothers Norway met today with Oslo, it .Jen, Feb. IS— police officers _-man SS men reported, to find hiBh po Germ of combatting greatly in- Ten^-l opposition to the Nazi- co^trolled administration. TO Special liste of suspected ele- mentsliave been drawn up and Se^f persons wfll be required tTreport to police several time. inside Norway was Greeks Gain New Positions A THENS, Greece, Feb. 18 (AP) — Greek shock troops advanced along the Central Albanian battle sector today, occupying Italian fortified positions nearly a mile high in :wo areas, a government spokesman announced tonight. Despite "desperate efforts," he added, the Italians were nowhere able to "gain an inch of ground." • The spokesman declared the Italian command persisted in ordering: counterattacks "with a complete disregard of the , bloodshed which they entailed." He. gave this summary: "In the coastal sector the Italians attempted -night " counterattacks which were crushed by our fire. '.'Farther--to the east, two counterattacks were repulsed and the enemy was chased beyqnd his lines ay our troops, who inflicted heavy "osses." ~ The spokesman cited a single Italian company as:an example of recent heavy Fascist losses: two officers were killed, he said, two taken prisoners and 140 men killed or wounded, with only 25 escaping. Greece Gets Nazi Demand For War End British Suffer Bad Blow In Balkan Maneuvering BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, Feb. " 19—(Wednesday) — (AP) German war material has begun passing Into Bulgaria over Yugoslavia railways. It was reported reliably today as diplomatic circle* heard account* of redoubled German efforts to make Greece come to term* with Italy. Long line* of sealed railway cars were said to have rolled over the German- Yugoslav frontier en route to Bulgaria as a part of the agreement reached in the interview at .Berchtcsgaden, Germany, last week between Adolf Hitler and Dragisa Cvetkovic, Yugoslav premier. ZURICH. Feb. 18—(UP)—Using the "isolation" of Turkey and Russia s consent as clubs, Adolf Hitler tonight was reported to have de- Week's Big Foods Show WO! Be Staged Sessions Will Begin Monday D ep, Greece conclude a with Italy under U. said this government does . not want the British branch of the Astor family to liquidate its New York holdings, but is willing to have American taxpayers sell their holdings for Britain's profit. Alben W.- Barkley, Democrat, Kentucky, retorted that this was not the administration's policy. The argument consumed so much time that Nye could not finish his speech before the senate recessed. The amount of help which Britain now is receiving from' this country provoked criticism from Nye. He alleged that Mr. Roosevelt is virtually giving away the output of American plane factories after publicly promising to keep manded that "quick peace" _ threat of turning the Gre'ek'pc-n- msula into a battleground. The British, having suffered ?. severe diplomatic blow in the new Turkish-Bulgarian declaration of nonaggression. issued a blunt wain- ing of war to Bulgaria across whore territory Hitler's Balkan army would strike to enforce the ultimatum on Greece. Choice Is Grim , Authoritative quarters in Sofia said that Germany, acting quicklv before Britain could reinforce her Balkan foothold by rushing trooos to Greece from Africa, already had launched -conversations there, firing the Greeks a grim choice. > Either Greece must agree im. mediately to an armistice with Italy or the German army will sweep down through Bulgaria and perhaps Yugoslavia an-1 occupy the country before British reinforcements can arrive, it was reported. If the rBitish army beats the Germans into Greece, the Nazis were said to have warned, Greece will become a battlefront overrun by Nazi and British armed forces. Greeks Are Powerless In Berlin it was denied that demands "of any character" had been served upon . the hard-battling Greeks, but diplomatic circles elsewhere believed they would' -'be forthcoming and that the Greeks, faced with an ope nthreat of German invasion, would be powerless. Nazi quarters in Berlin said the Turkish-Bulgarian accord was a great forward step in Hitler's program of "pacification of Southeastern Europe" and indicated that Yugoslavia will be brought quickly into the .German Balkan orbit, thus encircling Greece. thppositiol^'ieast 50 percent of the produc- -" w . domestlc protection. 1 s I ETAILED plans for the Arizona Republic's 20th annual Better Homes-Better Foods Show—a yearly event that homemakers of Phoenix and the Valley of the Sun have learned to await with anticipation and welcome with enthusiasm were made public yesterday. The big show has been scheduled for presentation beginning next Monday and continuing through the ensuing Friday, February 28. Mrs. London Will Conduct Coming to Phoenix, again for the third consecutive year to conduct this five-day course of instruction in.the art of successful hornemdk- ing and home management is the popular Mrs. Dorothy Ayers Loudon of Chicago. Mrs. Loudon needs no introduction to the thousands of women of this area who attended her presentations of the previous two years. But for the benefit of those who did not, it might be pointed out that she is recognized as one of the nation's foremost authorities on all phases of home economics. Her presentations are not.-mere cooking schools—although in the culinary art. her proficiency,'ability and knowledge are unsurpassed. Are Liberal Education They are, in fact, liberal courses of education not only in cooking >ut in all other branches of homemaking, from dietetics - down to :he garden variety of everyday lousehold problems. The big Shrine Auditorium, 15th avenue and Washington street, this year, as in the past, will be the scene of the Better Homes event. And this year, as in the past, thousands of Arizona women who are interested in bettering their lomes and improving their home- craft knowledge, are expected to turn out for each of the five daily sessions. In her two previous appearances on the Better Homes show platforms, Mrs. Loudon's wide knowledge, capable handling and interesting manner of presentation of lousehold prpblems won the admiration of every audience. Visits Leading Cities Mrs. Loudon conducts a continuous program of homemaking schools and her circuit takes her yearly into many of the nation's principal cities. She has devoted practically her entire life to study and research' in the:field of home economics, taking up that profession when a girl. Since she began her career in that field she has held many positions of importance in fields ol service related to dietetics and the science of modern homemaking. The.demand for her services al homemaking schools in recenl years has grown to a point al which she spends most of her time traveling from city to city to preside over these events. • Artists To Entertain Doors of the Shrine Auditorium will open daily at 1:30 p. m. Artists from the studios of the Ari- Ex-Slave, 118, Dies NEW YORK, Feb. Mrs. Jane Fields, colored, who relatives said was born info slavery in South Carolina Ul years ago, -died today. • •- (By Associated Press) A COLD WAVE whisked eastward on the wings of wintry winds yesterday while snow blocked roads in^everal storm areas. The frigid foray concentrated on .e northeastern quarter of the nation. Shuddering citizens watched mercury columns sink to 31 be- ow zero at some points in Minnesota and North Dakota. Minima of zero or below were recorded in South Dakota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois and Michigan. Subfreezing marks formed the rule farther east as the mass of arctic air bore down on the Allan tic-seaboard. Forecasters predicted the siege would hold in the Midwest for at least 24 hours. New Enfflanders banked their fires in the expectation that subnormal temperatures would prevail for three more days. A foot of snow burdened the •loughton lake region of Michigan's ower peninsula. The fall ranged :rom five to IS inches on the upper peninsula. House Splits OnGovernor's Bureau Plan Board Membership Request Stirs Warm Debate [Additional Stories, Log, -.Page 3) The ARIZONA House of resentatives yesterday split zona ment Republic-Electrical Company Radio Equip- Station KTAR will present sparkling programs of entertainment each day between that Jiour and 2 p. m. During the half-hour .entertainment period. Better Homes show guests may enjoy these programs 'and at the same time avail themselves of an opportunity to inspect at their leisure the many interesting exhibits of -products and 'articles —without which the modern horn* is not complete— that will be on display in the auditorium. Mrs. Loudon will open her presentations promptly at 2 p. m each day. • She will conduct her programs from the auditorium stage, on which a model kitchen, complete in every detail, wiir be installed. On each day's program, she wil demonstrate a dozen differen table dishes, discussing .each step in their preparation -and starting a new dish as soon as* pletei , ? is. com Cold Wave, Snow Hit Wide Area Crack British Troops Meet Japan Threat (Additional War Stories, Page 4) . : ~— OAIGON, French Indo- QINGAPORE, Feb. 18— Rep- wide open on the question of making :he governor an ex officio member of all boards and commissions on which he already does not hold membership by law. The measure, House Bill 113. ntroduced by John H. Rapp of Pima county, H. J. Lewis of Cochise, Robert G. Chambers of Yavapai, and F. L. Christensen of Coconinp, is a definite part of the reorganization program asked of :he legislature by Governor Osborn. Would Keep Advised It is designed to afford the chief executive a direct means'of keeping himself advised of the activities of all boards and commissions. In the midst of warm debate on t, the house ended its session in order to make way for a scheduled public hearing on the governor's Arizona Water and Power Author- ty bill, the committee of the whole vote for or against a "do pass" recommendation being' left until today. Before the crackling argument was opened on the bill, the committee of the whole accepted from the committee on judiciary an tL amendment to make the governor's ex officio membership "without privilege of .vote". As originally presented, the bill wouldThave made the governor the presiding officer, with vote in event of tie among the members present. Judiciary committee members explained the amendment was offered with the approval of the chief executive, the governor's intent not being to acquire voting power, on boards and commissions but merely to have access to them The house division, as evidencet by debate, interested observers particularly in that it apparently any foil did not follow theoretical lines o so-called administration and anti- administration blocs. Constitutionality Challenged There was some . argument among members of the committee on judiciary itself regarding constitutionality of the proposal. Gay nor K. Stover of Pima county holding it in doubt, and Lprna Lockwood of Maricopa, committee chairman, contending it would b constitutional unquestionably un der a long-established rule of law that a general enactment, super sedes any special enactments. Representative Stover said i would be-necessary to amend every law setting up a board or com mission which does not now in elude the governor in it. "The, will of the legislature con trols," Representative, Lockwoot asserted. "It is not necessary to go back and amend every law. Any :eneral law amends any special [Johnston, Midway, Wake and laws. I can see no question o constitutionality." China, Feb. 18— (AP)— Japanese navy units in the uif of Siam were reported heavily reinforced today and a Dutch authority forecast land and ea blows at Singapore, Britain's ar eastern Gibraltar, and at the Netherlands East Indies in the Very near future." Reliable quarters said they con- idered that the reports of increas- ng concentration of Japanese war- hips in southern waters came from authoritative sources, but the As- ociated Press was unable to con- irm them directly. Japan Sends Cruisers Previously three Japanese cruis- rs had been reported in these wa- ers, which touch Southern Indo- ^hina, Thailand (Siam) and the Malay peninsula. Dr. G. A. Lamsvelt, trade commissioner for the Dutch East Indies, completing an 11-day trip in South Indo-China said, "Personal- y, I expect a Japanese move southward in the very near fu- Lire.'' He said he belfeved the Japanese would take possession of some un- jccupied islands south of Indo- China, use Bangkok, Thailand's capital, as an army base to strike by land along the 850-mile Malay peninsula toward Singapore and, iimultaneously, move by sea toward he Indies. Indies Are Prepared "The Indies are prepared to pro- :ect themselves," he said. Several developments point to a consolidation of Japanese strength in Indo-China, and today there was an unconfirmed report that a Japanese steamer had taken its third oad of munitions to storage near Bangkok. During the recent Indo-China- fhailand border warfare Japanese >lanes and other supplies were re- >orted to have been dispatched to he Thailand forces. Japan is mediating that dispute. Two more truckloads of Japanese soldiers and mechanics arrived in Saigon today from the cruiser Nagaru to reinforce others who took over the air field last week without French permission. The original force of 6.000 Japanese troops allotted by agreement :o • protect Japanese air fields in North Indo-China' has been gradually increased ur.til it now numbers more than 13,000. Reliable sources have estimated ;hat 80,000 or 90,000 Japanese troops'now are stationed on Hainan and Formosa Islands, o Fighters Control Santander Fire SANTANDER, Spain.' Feb. 18— :AP)—The combined 'fire-fighting 'orces of several cities reduced the ;reat Santander fire to a few minor jlazes tonight after a three-day battle. Almost the entire commercial section of the city is in ruins. The exact death toll is not known, jut there are believed to be several jodies buried in the debris. The week-end hurricane, which coincided with and helped to spread the fire, was estimated to have reached wild velocities of more than 86 miles an hour. >J (AP)—An Australian im« periaj force many thousands! strong reached Singapore today. Thus was brought to this eastern bastion of the British empire the largest and most powerful reinforcement of men, guns and machines ever to arrive in a single convoy. A few hours after disembarking at the Singapore naval base from great liners which had transported r them 3,000 miles under Australian v and British naval escort the Aus- ' tralian troops entrained for already-prepared defense stations on the Malayan peninsula. :- ' Uproar Breaks Calm The ordered calm of this great naval base was broken by a great uproar as gray vessels came alongside the docks. Bronzed Australians, jamming the rails and portholes, shouted down a band of a famous British regiment until it struck up ''Roll Out the Barrel." Then, thousands of voices joined in and from the top decks a shower of Australian pennies fell upon" the British dignitaries, generals and admirals who had gathered on the. dock to welcome the common* wealth troops under Maj. Gen. Gordon Bennett. One of the first soldiers disembarked en route to the waiting trains illustrated the high spirits of the husky Aussies by saying: "We're all set, fighting fit 'and ready for whatever jobs are ahead. We don't know OUT destination, except it's in Malaya, and we don't care." (Reinforcement of British, troops in Malaya, at the tip of which lies Singapore, means that Britain is guarding against a Japanese land thrust at Singapore. Air Chief Marshal Sir Robert Brooke-Popham, British far eastern commander-in-chief with headquarters at Singapore, "attended an Australian war cabinet meeting in Sydney only last Friday, at which time the Australian government said the far eastern situation was of the utmost gravity. Japanese Reports Denied (The Thai (Siamese) government, in a communique issued Tuesday, reiterated its denial of Japanese reports that its southern provinces were disturbed by a massing of British troops in Malaya, near the Thai borders. (At the same time, Japanese warships in the Gulf of Siam were reported strengthened)." The men who arrived today to reinforce the already formidable British, Indian and Malay regiments under the Far East commander-in-chief are "all Australian." Nurses accompanied the medical corps. With the troops were artillery and motor transport. Nazi Bomber Strafes Funeral In Cemetery A SOUTHEAST COAST TOWN IN ENGLAND, Feb. 18—(AP)—A German bomber, reported by the British today to have machine- gunned a cemetery, returned lafec while a funeral was in progress and! was believed shot down by anti* aircraft fire and a fighting plane. A gravedigger and his assistant dived into the empty grave and escaped harm on the raider's first visit. Japan Is Told Deeds Can Outspeak Words .WASHINGTON, Feb. 18—(AP)—The United States served indirect notice on Japan today that if her intentions are peaceful she should express them in deeds, rather than words. _This was the reaction of Sumner Welles, undersecretary of state-,, when he was questioned at his press conference concerning a Japanese spokesman's statement that his] country aims at peaceful relations. "In the very critical world situation which exists today," .Welles said, "the government of the United States is far more interested in the deeds of other nations than In the. statements that some of their "spokesmen may nuke." In another quarter of the capital, the. government carried forward its defense plans by establishing zones in four areas of the Pacific and one in the Caribbean, in which foreign ships may operate only on the express authority of the secretary of the navy. One zone Is" in the Alaskan area, including Kiska and Unalaska islands; a second includes Kaheoahe, Hawaii; a third takes in mid-Pacific islands, including Palmyra, man Reel: and a fourth, thrift island* in^he far Pacific—Guam,' Tutuila, and Rose. The "Caribbean zone includes Culebra. island Off Puerto Rico. Welles* comment came as an answer to the statement of an official spokesman in Tokyo that British and American"warlike preparations" were ' causing "anxiety if not misgivings in Japan." Welles left no doubt that-the. government" looked -with, serious misgivings upon Japan's steady movement southward in the direction of the British naval base at Singapore and the Netherlands East Indies. In another way, the government today showed its interest in the-" Southwestern Pacific area. Well?* announcing.that the "United State*» and New Zealand had .dectdedr~t» exchange diplomatic, repre tive*> &

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