The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on January 19, 1945 · Page 1
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

Iola, Kansas
Issue Date:
Friday, January 19, 1945
Page 1
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THE lOLA REGISTER VOLUME XLVIII No. 72 Tta« Weekljr Beeister, EiUb1ish«d 1667: The lola Duilr Regiiter, Ettablistacd 1897. lOLA, KAS., FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 19, 1945. Sncccnor to Tbe lots Daily R«Ki*te>, The lols Daily Record, and lola Daily Index. SIX PAGES :ure A Luzon Road Key Capture of Urdaneta After Bitter Fight Clears Way for Continued Push On Manila By C. YATES McDANIEL Gen. MacArthur's Headquarters, Luzon, Jan. 19. (AP) — American mobile guns, mortars and armor, ismashing a cleverly concealed concentration of Japanese J tanks and artillery in a 24> 'hour battle, captured the highway three town of Urdaneta early yesterday in the first bitter fight of the Luzon invasion. Seizure of the key town on Gen. Douglas MacArthur's left flank opened the northern section of the main Manila-Bagul highway to the Yanks. Meantime an American column 20 hilles south along the same vital highway three captured the road anci railroad junction of Paniqui in a five-mile gain and pressed on toward the important city of Tarlac, 70 road miles from Manila. Another infantry force approached Tarlac obliquely down another road from Camiline;. : Supported by Plane >i All advances were supported directly by American warplanes opcr- • Etlng off the Llngayen airdrome. Formosa and even parts of the China coast now arc within reach of Icng-rangc flfjhters. I The Formosa domestic radio . warned today ihn'. large scale enemy air dads "will be intensified henceforth.^' In a broadcast picked up by the Federal Communications Commission the Formosa announcer .£aid "the vferocity of the war now lEging is unprecedehted in war annals of the world, and the Japanese •empire is really facing a crisis.") At Urdaneta. 27 road miles south- 'east of Llngayen gulf, the Luzon Japanese made their first determined effort to stand and fight. The tank-led American column encountered Japanese artillery and camouflaged armored vehicles hidden amongst trees and shrubbery on the town's outskirts. Make Banzei Charges Urdaneta was ablaze as both sides were pinned down for hours at a time by mortar fire. Associated Press war correspondent Al Dopking wrote from Urdaneta that "when the Japanese failed to .step our tanks with their own . . . their infantry made fanatical charges at the American armored group. Two Japanese with dynamite strao- ped to their sides ran at an American tank. They were mowed down by j niachinegun fire." : For a time the Americans held half the smoking town and the Japanese the other half. Capture at Dawn Dopking said Yank artillery fire poured upon the enemy-held portion and the^ Japane.<ie "could be Red Forces Nearing Germany Russians drive Nazis back along twjsting 450-mile front ih Poland and Moscow dispatches indicate Soviet advance forces already may have crossed the border into indastrial Silesia.—iNEA Telephoto.^ The Weather S. A. Gard Is Dead KANSAS—Snow flurrieii and north; rain or Know southeast tonight; colder west portion; lowest 25-25 northwest to 30-35 south-; Saturday snow flurries and ; colder. { Temperature—Highest for the 24 hours- ending 5 p. m. yesterday, 42, ! lowest last night 34; normal for to- : day 32; excess yesterday 5; • since January 1, 23 degree.s; thi.s date last year—highest 52; lowest , 34. I Precipitation for the 24 hours : ing. He celebrated his 30th birth- ending at 8 a. m. today, .03; total ' day last October for th^ year to date .12; deficiency j ^^j.^ ^.^ ^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^ since January 1. .68 inches. I /, , ^ „ . . ,„„, Sunrise 8:36 a. m.; set 6:30 p. m. \ "P ^'' Hazel Dell, lUmois, In 1864 and Thermograph Readlnss Ending Pf* reared upon hus fathers farm 8 a. m. Today ' there, attending the common schools. 38-i ^^^^ °^ ^'^ came to Allen 3g I county, arriving here with S2 in cash g -j asrts. Deciding to become a lawyer gg ho entered the office of Milford Well-Known lola Attorney Had Practived Law Here for 45 Years Samuel A. Gard, who v.-as a colorful member of the Allen county bar for about 45 years, died at his [n{m home south of lola this morn- Forces Join Td Form Solid Front 4th Term Inauguration To Last iO Minutes •Washington, Jan. 19. (AP)— Rugs came out of the 'Wliite HouSe today; more Roosevelts movfed in, and the president who has served longest toiled over what Way be history!s shortest inaugural address. In; an untarnished, abbreviated ceremoay at noon tomorrow, President Roosevelt will take: the oat;h of office for an epochal fourth time, then de- liven the speech. He is aiming at 5^0 wordfi. Hfidio ha.^ arranged short wave descrir^tions In English, French, Portuguese and Spanish. ; . Twenty minutes were allotted "for the- inaugural—twenty minutes of jhe time of a nation at war.' NewTarget For B-29s fortrclsp.s from Saipnn bombed a brand- now tar^vt in Japan, a 1 IUL;O 9 a. m. 10 a. m. 11 a. m. 12 noon 1 p. m. 2 p. m. 3 p. m. 4 p. m. 5 p. m. 6 p. m. 7 p. m. 8 p. m. 34 34 35 ...38 40 , 42 .42 .42 42 .41 40 .39 9 p. m. 10 p. m. 11 p. m. 12 m 1 a. m. 2 a. m. 3 a. m. 4 a. m. 5 a. m. 6 a. m. 7 a. m. 8 a. m. lolan a Member Of Tough Tank Destroyer Unit 3g : Donoho, attorney at Bronson, Kas.. 35 iu 1888. He was admitted to the bar 35 in 1890. Prior to that' he attended 3,j the normal college nt Fort Scott 34 and received a teacher's certificate 34 but he never engaged in teaching. 34 He practiced law in Bronson until 34 1892, moving to lola at that time. _ Since then he made his home here, i Murried iu 1894 i I In 1898 he formed a partnership' I with hLs brother. G. R. Gard. who I came to lola from Humboldt. In I 1894 he was married to Mis.s Louis.a ; Ireland. About 1904 the Gard brothers joined with Capt. Henry A. Ewing to form the partnership. of Ewing. Gard and Gard with offices in the Pvt. Nacho Omelas, son of Joe; Ornelas. route 3. lola. is a member i building which is now the lola city heard groaning .I 'nd screaming as ] the hard hitting 773rd tank de- i hall. Later these were moved to the stroyer battalion which has knocked : loi-, state bank building. The part- out more German, tank-s than any n.rship was continued until the similar outfit in Lt, Gen. George! depth of Capt. Ewinc. American shells exploded among them. Before dawn all was quiet." Hardly a hou.«^e was left standing a .s the infantrymen moved through to find twisted and mangled Japa- | nese bodies, but not a live enemy .soldier. The remainder of the Japanese Patton's Third army. At the Falais-Argentan gap the In 1910 Mr. Gara moved hi.s family to a new home in the country battalion had a field day, helping as he believed that children could rip the vaunted German Seventh be better trained there than in town, army to shreds. During the battle He continued ihe practice of luiv Riuri.son likely was pursued south-!''^'^ 773rd took 355 pnsoner.s and i uniil his retirement .some ycnr.s ago. westward during the night, heading ''wtroyed 80 German tank.s and 190 U'l- the low CMbaruan hlUn where nn "l^'^^r vehicles. (Continued nn i'agr fl, So. Z) Rotary Annes (ilve Music Program at Rotary Club Th«- Hr ;tiii-v club last night enjoyed ;i nuisical evening present Shortly after, the battalion .swunt; into action again as the spearhviid of the 79th infantry division in its l;ti!ii-g till' # is: ^1>: viirs he lia.s l :-(!i ill ir..''i.'iiill,. Fiimlly Survives He i'.-nyrs hl.s wife n' I he hoiiif; Iwu daughteis. Miss Raclicl Ga:(l. .spectacular acros.-; Franc-.-n U. S. O. w:rk at Cliildcr.sbur„'. thi-ough Mantes. Ga.sslcourt. Neuf- 1 /M:iljrinvi. anri Mi.'--. Ruth Stmu:), chateau. Chatenois. Charmes and Giicn.sburg. Penn'-ylvania: two .sons! Luneville. In the muck and bliic'ti-' Robert, wlio i.^ with the Rcjckefelk'r ncs.s of the Forest du Parroy it F.ji;iidafion. Edmonton. Canada, and AMenace To Stand InSouth Nazis Pour Reiriforce- meiits ^nto Area Regarded As Potential Springboard for Drive i ' — By JAMES M. LONG Pari$, Jan. 19. (AP)—The GermaMs burst out of the northern end of the Rhine bridgehead above Striasbourg today &nd linked up 'with other forces in northeast Alsace, forming a solid front against the U. ;s. 7th army along 40 miles of the Maginot line a.s far west as Bitchie. The sijuatlon on the .southern front was regarded at supreme headquarters i^s increasingly grave. Into this potBitial springboard for another big atl:ick, the enemy was l)ouiin& 'a .strady .stream of rein- forcomen.;s over ferrio.s and- iion- loon brlijec::, thrown' the iihint Irom Strasbvurg to Karlsruhe?. ; Tliird Arpiy On Move In northern Luxembourg, Lt. Gen. George S", Patton's Third army was on the move again under fire of Siegfried -line big guns after breaking the German Sure river line. The Americans were pressing the enemy back the Our river boundafy'.within six miles of lieav- iiy fortified Trier. His latest advances ranged to two miles or better. The; Third army, men fought in white eamouflage suits, blending with the ct'eep snow. British troops driving into Germany from the Dutch Panhandle west of t|ie Maas (Meuse'i pushed the enemy' back two more miles and captured ^ix villages northeast of Sittard. 'fhese were Hongen. Havert and Schalbruck, all inside Germany; Stein. Lind and Heide. They battered into Isenriruch where bit- (Contit >ucd on Page 6, No. 1) Cold and Snow Moving In Topeka, 3an. 19. (AP)—Light snow dusted northern and western Kan- sa.s last n^glit and more snow was expected uy cover the entire state with a liglfc'coating by tomorrow. •Weatherman S. D. Flora called it "just a ntijsance in ea.stern but ideal wheat weather." Goodlanti, Phillipsburg and Con-. _ cordla reported about an. inch of, Service Medal Irorc for exceptionally SLOW on the ground this morning' vhlle Dodere City, St. Jo.seph, Mo„ and Kansas City had less than a hall Inch,-Grily traces were recorded at Garden City and Topeka, riorih anil west of Kans; thri-e inchws of sntjv/ Icll bni.ska and- Wyoming and the fall continued. ] Tempeialurc.. remained abnor-,' iPresident Says First 12 Years the Hardest ; •Washington, Jan. 19. (AP)— On the last full day of his third term,,^ President Roosevelt re- f^ectMi over the past and re- ihari ^d that the first twelve years are the hardest. In" a joshing exchange with Importers at a news conference he dismissed a question whether this is "the last four years." Poland Krakow Falls to Reds AsNaziLinesCrumble Lays Stress On Unity PDR Says Too Much Is ^eard of Anglo-U. S. Differences, and Too "Little of Cooperation Washington, Jan. 19. (AP)—President Rbosevelt, stressing Anglo- American cooperation, said today thfc tW9 nations are winning the waV and "meeting the economic prc^lems of the areas they liberate." He n{ade the statement in com- .nienting on a decision of Britain, 'h& United States and Canada to extind imtil Japan Is defeated the combined production and riesources board, ' combined raw materials board and combined food board. Example of Cooperation • Mr. Roosevelt said these boards prcivide'a "strikingly .successful example of United Nations' collabora- 120,000 Nazi Casualties During Counter Offensive Supreme Headquarters 'Allied Expeditionary Force, Paris, Jan. 19. (AP)—The Germans suffered 120,000 casualties from December 12-Janu- arj' 11 in their offensive to split the Allied front in the Ardennes, supreme headquarters announced today. Allied casualties, predominantly American, were 55,421 during the same period. Of these, 18,416 were lost as prisoners. Uiiusualfy Good Results Obtained in Raid On N0W KaWaSaki Aircraft l"'^ on some of the urgent and dif- Plant, West of Kobe fictilt problems of the day." He .said, too, that Russian re. qi/tremctits had been related to ac- BY VHRN HAUGLAND |iivlties of the boards and that be- B-2n Headru'.nrl'^rs. Guam. JLUI . 19. .twcen now and June 30 there will 'Via r'Navy R^idio). '.AP)—Super-' be Fignod another protocol with tlie .S 'jvict government for the annual Eiipply program for Russia. It will cover tfte fiscal year starting next aircraft faftory on thr western-July i. fringe* of the-swollen Ko'oe-Osaka; Hi-ar Mx>st About Discord industrial aroa- loda\. ! '"^e Hear a good bit," Mr. Roose„, , .,' , u V, J ' ^"f-'lt sa£d, "about differences be- Plane.s HI a .sizeable force bombed ; ^^^^^ 3^^^^^ I 'upwind and .srveral tnou.sand feet: ain but ijerhaps we hear less of how lower ihar. -jii anv previous Honshu, leuliy effective they are working island: raid; Fi'fst reports were more j '•og ^'lier in winning the war: and - . '. 1 • * f Riso, in meeting the economic prob- encouraging th,m early returns from;,^^ ^^^^ liberate." areas they liberate.' President Roosevelt. Prime Minister Chitrchlll and Prime Minister Macken^e King said in a joint prompt 'and quick use of our economic Fesources for the common war effort." previous HonsHu raids. Kawasaki fttriift Plant The target vrjis the Kawasaki aircraft plant—oH.r- of the newest and j statement released earlier that they mo.-.t rriodeinii^ Japan—nn the west-i e.xpect the boards "to continue to cm edge of thi small city ol Akr-iplay their part in facilitating th-; shi on the so'jfheast of Hon-' ' ' ' " .'nu 10 miles ' of Kobe. Indicatiie of the unusuallv good rcsuit.s. evc '.-y plane in the earlv foi- mation report.'d bornbing vis-..a!ly ^-pums" DOWU Plan tO Cut and hittini tr-e tar3et. Some re- 1 4. oi x 'i a porTed hcavv fxnlosions and hug'-'i UUt Mate ClVll CJerVlCe fires. : . , • A suddei; sh.ft' of attack' appa.-- ently caught thj- Jajiancse off guard since the antla,ircraft fire was inaccurate and liejit to medium. Fighter opp6sition -ivus fairly light. No Planes Lost; No planes w-cre lost on the raid on the oa.sis of.early reports. The target '.vas under attack for considerably mo^-e than an hour. The first boh-bs were awaj- al 3 p. in., 'almo.« the same hour that Brig. Gen. H.iywoodS. Hansell Jr.. was receiving.,' the Distinguished Drain Nazi Oil Dump Vital Synthetic Plants And Crude Oil Refineries Being Gobbled Up in Swift Red Drive Smash Into Lodz meritorloii;! .services as the commander of the' 21st bomber command. ,Topeka. Jan. 19. (AP)—A Kansas committee rejected today a plan to a^oolish ihe state civil ser\'ice system set up in 1941. Sen. Hmer E. Euwer of Goodland reported! his federal and state affairs committee had decided the merit system should be retained because it - had discovered state employees were profoundly disturbed about Sen. M. V. B. Van De Mark's repeal proposal. nsas up ,„!SurK^,n General Pleads M in Nc-iror Draft of Nurses by a sextette of Rotary Anns led by sniashed through thickets of trc.-^s .Sr .ncer A. lola. now Wasl)l:;Kton. Jan. i'J 'APi - The , •'"n .V '.s .surgeon-general .said today iTiully mild^or midwinter but Flora ' Inadequacy of nursing care, in the said colder- weather would start i face of a 270 jicr rent in _ . - -—, moving In "from the northwest to-, battle casualty:.; patients, makes It the president's four sons ni'.:ht and .spread over the state to- I imperative that,, be-drafted. ' ^° witness the ceremony. They are James; to Washington For Inauguration BurbanK, Calif., Jan. 19. (AP)— I Col. Jamjcs Roosevelt of the MarlneA and hU: wife left here by plane last night to attend the presldenf.s Inauguration tomorrow. "I .stood up with father at the last thre'e Inaugurals and I didn't wa:nt to miss this one." the colonel told newsmen, Gol. Roosevelt may be the only Mis. W. A. Ckjoksey and Including the Mesdames Floyd Smith, Milton V/orlhington. Warren Waters. L. F. Buehlcr and H. J. Nicholson. The program included a group singing of "The Old Refrain" and "Brown Bird Singing:" a vocal trio. "The Rosary." : Mrs. Waters sang "Only You" and "Sweet Mystery of Life." A quartette sang "A Perfect Day." Mrs. Cooksey. as pianist, played a group of numbers including "An Hour Never Passes." "Don't Fence Me In" and "Always." The program closed with the .sextette singing "My Wild Rose," with the men invited to join in the chorus. .Moses Skeen Dies At Home Here Today Moses Skeen died early this morning at his home. 411 South Fourth street. He was 82 years old. Mr. Skeen was bom in Tennessee. As a boy he moved to Texas with his parents where he lived for a number of years tiefore migrating to the Indian Territory, Oklahoma, where he remained until 1915. At that time he came to lola where he has since lived. He leaves his wife at the home: three sons. .'Oscar of LaHarpe; Moses, Shawnee. Okla.; Andrew. Wichita: two daughters. Mrs. Rose • "Whattley, Wastesto, Calif., and Mrs. Ima Harris, Iqla: a brother, Charles Skeen, Oklahqma: 35 grandchildren and 15 great-grandchildren. Funeral services will be held at 2:30 p.m. toitiorrow at the Waugh Funeral home. Burial will be at JUfhland cemietery. and clinging mud to lead the divi .sion coitnty attorne.\. in driving the NazLs from the forest, j Funeral seivices will be conducted Pvt. Omelas is a machine gunn^-lnt the Watigh Funeral h-Dme at 2:30 in Company "B" and participated p ;r.. Monday by the Rev. C. E. Els- In some of the bitterest fighting In nf y hnd the Rev. Stanley F. Taylor, the campaign. The battalion was | Burial will be at the lola cemetery. with the Seventh army for a few j weeks but returned to the Third In CARELESS time to participate In the crossing! Pittsburgh. Jan. 19. lAPi—Mrs. of the Moselle river and the capture Eveh-n R. Portas. 23. testified she of Metz. This was the first time In found an application to marry an- 20 centuries that this historic bas- ether woman In her husband's tlon had been successfully assaulted, pocket. She's suing for divorce. serving as \ nwirov/. Wk^hlta had 43. highest reported yest(,"rday, while Goodland's Since May. s^ld MaJ. Gen. Nor- all-in the armed services. man T. Kirk, "our patients have In- ' ' 29 was the Jjvcrnlght Jow. Readings, creased from '260.000 to 450,000." of 35 to .50 y;ere forecast for today.; while the numt«r of army nurses TemperaJ:iu-es of 20 to 30 were, has riseh only 2.000. piedicted tonight with the colder readings' In the west, and Appearing before the military committee,, the surgeon gen- range of 2& to 38 was forecast for eral gave aU-6lit support to the Yes, the Edgar Green Marriage Turned Out All Right, Mr. Jones In the "40 •year .^go" column In the • It turned out all right—In spite Kansas Cltv Star last December 7.'-'f 'he brides youth and the par- , ,, . " ^„t„A- 1 ental objections. "The Greens had the foUowmg .em was pnnted. j j.^.^. children." writes Mrs. Spranie. "It was revealed yesterday thatifo,,^ ^^^^^ and one 'ooy. I consld- Edgar Green, a halfback on the' crrd ihe .Ti a very hao .Dy family. Kansas University football team.' They lived in Lincoln. Nebr.. where celebrated the team's victory ov?r Mr. Green was an Insurance man." Missouri Thanlcsglvlng day by get- j Mrs. Green visited in Lone Elm ting married right after the game, pftiri because her m.other and fa- The bride was Miss Hilda Wilson of thei. Mr. and Mrs. J. WllSon. moved LiiHarpe, 17 years old. Her parents thire two years after her marriage had objected to her marriage be- operating the bank there until the cause of her age. The couple is spending the honeymoon In Denver." Paul Jones of the Lyons News wrote to ask: "How did this mar-iiioral. I death of Mr. Wilson not many yeai-s later. Mrs. Wilson died In 1934. and Mr. and Mrs. Green and their children were there to attend the fu- riage turn out? The Register printed the story asking if anyone knew, and Information has finally been received from Mrs. R. P. Sprague of Lone Elm who knew the 'amllv well andj has kept track of them' all these years. At that time, w-rites Mrs. Spraeuo. Mrs. Green was in poor health and she died in August 1936. Mr. Green later re-married and is still living in Lincoln. His last visit to Lone Elm was 'A -lth his new wife a few years ago following the death of his iCather In Blue Moiuid. tcmorrow b^'fore cold moves in. Receives;Word from Son,! Captive in Philippines Yesterday • Mrs. E. H. Flnley received a letter from her son, Lt. Harold F^nlt'y, who has been held prisoner by jhe Japanese since May 7, 1943. In t-he brief note Lt. Finley reports that; he is in good health, that he expects to be home before much longer and asks his mother to ''say hello t?j everyone in lola for me." i This is tlie first word received from him si*,ce of last "year. At that timeihe was in prison camp on the Philippine islands. His last letter indicates that he is still in the Philippine island although the exact location is not known. Capt. D. -E. Coblentz A warded ;:Bronz^ Star Capt. D. S. Coblentz has been' awarded tWe -Bronze Star according to a letter r^elved from him yesterday by hl% parents, Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Cobleiftz. Capt. Coblentz did not give anyof the details concerning the action in which he won the cward. He is in tti^ field artlllerj' and Is serving in t|ie Third army under U. Gen. Oeojfge Patton. nurse draft j^roposal made by President Roosevelt two weeks ago In his "State of the Union'- message to congres.s. THE ROAD TO BERLIN j 'Ky the .\iiisnci »t«l 1— Rtlsslan Front: 256 miles (from west of Czestochowa). 2— Western Front: 301 miles 'from near Duren). •Hungjirian Front: 364 miles <from Hron river). 4— ItSllan Front: 544 miles tProm Jleno river). BY JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washington, Jan. 19. (AP)—The Red army's advance in southwest Poland Is rapidly depriving Germany of one of its la-st remaining sources of gasoline. It now appears entirely po.ssible to economic warfare experts here that the enemy's .synthetic plant and crude oil refinery lo.sses in this area, coupled with bomb damage to plan'.s in central and western Germany, may soon sharply limit his military activities. 'I'he Sllesian area and the adjoining section of western Germany, may soon sharply limit his military activities. Rich Coal Area The Sllesian area and the adjoining section of Poland centering around Krakow are important to Germany because of the rich coal deposits found there. Coal is the source of sjmthetic gasoline on which the Germans have come to rely more and more in recent years to run their trucks and planes. Back t)efore Germany's stolen empire started shrinking and before Allied bombers began effective attacks, the Sileslan-Pollsh production areas turned out only about 10 per cent of the German motor fuel. While the exact percentage .as estimated here can not be disclosed now It Is a comparatively fairly high figure. Near the little town of Blechhammer the Germans have been tullding two hydrogenation plants under ownership of the vast I. G. Farben Company to manufacture oil from coal. One is virtually complete; the other Is In only partial use, Plant,s Already Captured West of Blechliammer at Auschwitz, Poland, is a third great synthetic oil factoi-y of I, G. Farben which Ls now directly in the path of the Russian advance. A fourth pLint, using a hydrocarbon process, is located at Dcschowlty In Silesia on the Polish border. OI the four reflnerle:, which develop ga.sollne from ordinary crud" petroleum, one. at Trzablnjl. Poland, has already been captured by th'; Red army. It Is three miles north i ^f conquered Krakow. A .second plant of the Vacuum Oil Company southwest ol Kra.tow may even now be In Russian hands while two others at Prlvoz and Novq Bohumin in Moravia are within 100 miles of the .advancing Russians. These eight sources of aviation and automobile gasoline have been among the Germans' best they were least vulnerable to Eighth air force bombers operating from the remote English bases. The refineries recently had drawn on rll from Austila principally for then- crude supply. Stalin Announces 4th Red Offensive Rolls Across South Poland; Budapest End Nears BILLETIN Stalin in a third order of the day, announced the opening of a fifth offensive in East Prussia. By WILLIAM L. RYAN 'Ansrx-tMft^l ('r(».sji War Kditor) Ancient Krakow, Nazi citadel in .southwest Poland, ha.s fallen to Marshal Ivan S. Konev'.s F'irHt Ukraine army, Marshal Stalin announced today, as four great Ru.s.sian armies .sur},'e(l across the entire length of the country toward a titanic a.ssault on the Reich and Berlin. To the north the German high command announced Red army tioops had sma-shed Into Lodz, Poland's greatest Industrial city, 250 •miles from the German capital. Other enemy 'oroadcasts indicated a wholesale withdrawal back into Reich territory. Fall of 1,200-year-old Krakow, 47 miles from the German Sllesian border, collapsed the strongest German position in southern Poland and released huge Soviet forces for the descent into Silesia, second only to the Ruhr as a Nazi arsenal. Horsemen Spear Drive Cossacks and Siberian horsemen spearheaded the advance in to the north and the center of the mighty PolLsh offensive which covered the 70 miles from Warsaw to Lodz In two days. Complete liberation of Budapest rppeared near. The language of today's German communique Indicated tlielr positions there had been written off. It would be the 17th European capital to be freed of German domination. The Germans said a battle of greatest Intensity raged all along a line from Krakow ta Lodz, Kutno and the Vistula, and Moscow re(Continued on Page 6, No. 3) Krakow, in Path of Soviet Steamroller Photo above sliows part of Krakow, ancient capital of Poland, which was captured in one of the multi- pronged drives; of the Rod army's great winter offensive against ,the Germans. The glamorous, medieval city, many tim« a battleground over since the Tartars sacked it In 1241, lies astride the Vistula river, which winds Its way ip Warsaw, the "new" capital. ;ln background, right, of photo is huge mound erected to memory of Poland's great general, Kosciusko, who fought with Washington, Russians Find Warsaw Empty London. Jan. 19. (AP)—Soviet Rii.':sla's leading war correspondent re |X )rted today that the Germans had exiled every living Inhabitant of Warsaw before yielding the Polish ciipltul to the Red army. Uescrlbliig the newly ,v;lzed city a.s "one big ruin, (nflllng of burning destruction." .M, Mikuronko v.i'otc in Pravda: "No i-lngle live human wa.s among this devastation The Germans had exiled all the inhabitants." The Communist party newspaper story was broadcast by the Moscow„ radio and was recorded In London. A graphic account of Warsaw's capture was given. "Soviet and Polish troops are marching to the west along wrecked streets." the correspondent wrote. "The Inhabitants are coming back to a city which has practically cea.sed to exist. "During the abortive uprising of last August the Germans wrought destruction with sadistic brutality, methodically turning street after street to ashes." He declared aU the most widely known structures in the city were destroyed. These included the royal castle. Belvedere castle 'presidential palace), the tomb of the unknown soldier, and the Chopin monument. Freeze Fats and Oils As Pre-Rationingr Move Washington, Jan. 19. (AP)— Housewives trying to stretch food ration points over a fast-growing ILst of commodities requiring stamps had the added task today of budgeting for fats and oils. They have three days to do the Job, for the OPA last night "froze" until Monday all retail sales of lard, other shortening and .salad and cooking oils. When the ban Is lifted at that time each of products will be rationed at two red points a pound. The sales halt was ordered, OPA said, to prevent runs on short supplies while the trade takes steps to put rationing into effect. OPA 's action was linked closely with a War Pood Administration directive requiring 40 per cent of total lard output to be set aaide for the armed forces, ^ _ .

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