DAY BY DAY What does the special session of Congress portend? WEATHER Mostly cloudy tonight and tomor- row; slowly rising temperature. VOI PYI Nn 21 1 ? Publl«h«d daily («xc«pt Sunday) by the Mall Fu&llshlnj Co. ¥ V"-"« V^/VI* l^U. ftltJm Entered a* i«cond-class matter at the Hagerstown Postofllc*. HAGERSTOWN, MD., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1939. SINGLE COPIES, 3 CENTS ARTILLERY DUE RAGING ON WESTERN FRONT 4444 T T v v •w^-r^-rfT-w <^«- -^p^ ~^_r <^_r President Calls Special Session Of Congress September 21 st SUPPORTFOR D. S. SALE OF ARMS GROWS President Assured Committee Will Vote To Permit Senate Consideration WASHINGTON, Sept. 13 (/P).— President Roosevelt today called Congress to meet in special session at noon September 21. Although his proclamation made no. mention of the neutrality act, the President had already stated informally he would seek repeal of the arms embargo and try to confine the session to that action. At the same time he signed the proclamation convening Congress, the President sent telegrams to a group of Democratic and Republican leaders in both Senate and House asking them to meet him the afternoon of September 20 for an informal conference at the White House. The proclamation convening Congress follows: "Whereas public interests require that the Congress of the United St.at.es should be convened in extra session at 12 o'clock noon, on Thursday, the 21st day of September, 1039, to receive such communication as may be made by the executive: "Now, therefore, I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim and declare that an extraordinary occasion requires the Congress of ihe United States to convene in extra session at the Capitol session at 12 o'clock noon, on Thursday, the 21st day of September, 1IK>0, at 12 o'clock, noon, of which all persons who shall at that time be entitled to act as members thereof arc hereby required to take notice." NO MORE GIFTS FOR TEACHERS WAKEF1ELD, Mass.. Sept. 13 (fP) —You can't bring an apple for the teacher in this town. The school committee placed in effect a new rule banning gifts to teachers from pupils or parents because "the likelihood of accusations of favoritism or hurt feelings on the part of those children who cannot afford to bring gifts will thus be lessened." TO DEDICATE /NEWBRIDGE Governor O'Conor To Have Leading Role At Hancock Ceremony Oct. 7 WASHINGTON. Sept. 13 (/P)— President Roosevelt appeared assured today of majority support within t.he Senate Foreign Relations commit tee for some form of his proposal to permit the sale of arms to belligerent nations. In a letter to an unnamed constituent. Senator Van Nuys (IMnd) (Continued on Page 12) Our Swallows Still About Perhaps Different Breed From Famed Birds Of California Mission. John A. Miller. Keedysville weather observer, reported today that the swallows are still with us, he having seen a large flock of them only yesterday. Either the local swallows are of a different breed than the famed birds of the San Juan Capistratio Mission in California, or perhaps the local birds haven't read where the Mission birds departed on September S. two months ahead of the customary date for 150 years. Mr. Miller commented. Mr. Miller said the local swallow usually hangs around until the last of September or the first week in October, usually leaving a day or two before the first hard frost of the Fall. He reported a minimum temperature last night of 5S. exactly thirteen degrees higher than yesterday's low of 45. Yesterday's maximum temperature was only 71. Furnace fires were started in •several public buildings, including po- ! lice headquarters. j The dedication of the new interstate bridge over the Potomac River at Hancock, the largest traffic and pedestrian bridge in Maryland, which will take place Saturday, October 7, will be in honor of Governor Herbert R. O'Conor of Maryland and the Maryland State Roads Commission. The burgess and commissioners of Hancock will be in charge of the program. It was announced that Governor O'Conor quickly accepted the invitation that he head the program and that Governors of West Virginia. Virginia and Pennsylvania will be asked to take part, as will prominent highway officials from parts of the country. Plans call for military escorts with bands. The War Department is expected to be represented by units. West Virginia is expected to have an active part as that State spent ,$273.900 toward the erection of the bridge. The West Virginia approach starts at historic Jackson's Hill, from which Stonewall Jackson answered Union batteries planted on the hills back of Hancock. European Set-Up As Allies Prepare Big Push U.5.5.R fMOBILIZINS-l 1.250.000 «BERNE SWITZERLAND RUMANIA 1OOO.OOO % * - (/v\OBili2EO) 1.25O.OOO (MOBILIZED) 700.OOO (MOBILIZED) JUGOSLAVIA MELttl V B.XBY Soo.ooo MOBIUZEO) A graphic picture of the war situation in Europe is presented by this map. Poznan in western Poland holds out although Germans driving north between Rawa and Radom (1) and south from East Prussia have tried desperately to close the bottleneck (3) west of Warsaw. At Gdynia (4), an isolated Polish garrison still holds out. Russia mobilizes along Polish border (2) to "prevent refugees from crossing border." A "back door" route (5) exists by which reinforcements may be sent to Poland from Egypt and India. Balkan countries have mobilized. Figures give armies' strength. On west front, along Maginot line, French attack (A) through Moselle Valley was reported making "satisfactory" progress into the Saar. German counterattacks on Burgundy Gate invaders (B) were repulsed. Should Italy drop its neutrality, French divisions are massed at border (C). Italian passes (D) leading into Germany have been opened to trainloads of supplies.In north, British fleet has bottled up German navy in the Baltic. PREDICTS LACK OF ANTI-KNOCK GAS WILL DEFEAT GERMANY Disposal Plant Here Finished Improvements Costing $85,000 Completed; Inspecting Today. Hagerstown is credited with having a sewerage disposal plant second to none in the country loday with the completion this week ct' improvements costing $$5,000. An inspection by the Mayor and members of City Council, City Engineer and Public Works Administration officials will take place this afternoon. The Federal government gave the city a grant of 45 percent of the total costs of the improvements. It was at a recent meeting of the Waterworks and Sewerage As sociation held at Harrisburg. Pa., that it was pointed out by an emin ent engineer that the Hagerstown plant, with the recent additions, is the finest in the tri-stato area insofar as stream pollution is concerned. Included in the improvements was the addition of t\vo sludge digestion tanks, which will be heated by gas collected from the sludge. The plain also will be heated by this collected gas and still there (Continued on Page 12) BOSTON. Sept. 13 (.4 s ).—Germany will lose the> current European war because she lacks "antiknock" gasoline for her fighting planes, a nationally known chemist said today. "Not the guns of France, or Great Britain, or Poland, but the 'knocking" of her airplane motors will toll the doom of Germany in this war," declared Dr. Gustav Egloff. director of research of the Universal Oil Products Company. Chicago ,in an interview. Here to attend the 9Sth meeting of the American Chemical Society, Egloff declared that while the United States was supreme in the quality and quantity of aviation gasoline motor fuels, England and France also had facilities for developing "superior" gasolines from crude petroleum products obtained from the wells of Persia. "On the other hand," he said. "Germany has principally the gasoline she obtains from coal—a product which not only diminishes the speed and carrying power of planes, but cuts down their life span. "This war is to be won from the air as I see it," Egloff declared. "You might even say that it is a war to be won by molecules, because it is a molecular arrangement that makes one gasoline better." than another." He said gasolines already held by France and Great Britain were | ing "hazardous" to enter or leave known as "100 octane," explaining i the building, officials explained in that "octane" was a "yardstick" i pointing to the filth on the steps Says Commissioners Ordered Shooting Commenting on the action of the Board of Street Commissioners in ordering a stop to the shooting of pigeons at the courthouse, Sheriff Joseph D. Baker said this morning that his deputies were shooting the birds at the request of the Board of County Commissioners, the actual custodians of the buildings, and also at the request of residents of Summit avenue. The County Commissioners were prompted in asking sheriff's deputies to shoot the birds because of the filth caused by them around the building. In fact it was becom- for measuring the anti-knock qualities of a gasoline. "The best that Germany has been able to produce with the facilities, resources and knowledge she has," he continued, "is a 75 octane gas which gives a 35 per cent smaller power output, 25 per cent less lifting power and 20 per cent less speed." and sidewalks around ertv. the prop- Nazi Big Guns Open On French; Poles Hurl Back Foes At Warsaw Germans Dropped From Parachute Behind Polish Lines MANYjTAUGHT One Kills Himself Rather Than Face Capture By Poles. BUDAPEST, Sept. 13 (£>). A German "suicide corps," dropped silently from the skies by parachute, is making desperate efforts over a widespread territory to expedite the Nazi advance across Poland, it was reported here today. ^ Poles reported that several of the Germans, after being captured, revealed they had been assigned to discover the locations of Polish headquarters, air ports, war supplies, factories and warehouses, and to cut communication lines ahead of the advancing German columns. The number captured indicated (Continued on Page 12) SAYS ALLIES IN ACCORD LONDON, Sept. 13 (fi>).— The British Government advised Parliament today that both Great Britain and France were- convinced "there can be no peace until the menace of Hitlerism has been finally removed." The Allies' stand was contained in a joint statement read in the House of Commons by Prime Minister Chamberlain and in the House of Lords by Earl Stanhope, Lord President of the Council, in the Government's second report on the war. Referring to yesterday's meeting of the supreme war council in France which Chamberlain attended the statement said: "I am glad to be able to assure the House that it is evident that public opinion on the two sides of the channel is completely in accord." Further meetings of the supreme war council will be held "when necessary," it was said. Must Crush Poles Even If Drive To Russia Necessary, Say Germans Subjugation Of Poland Deemed Necessary To Permit Concentration Of Full Strength On Western Front Against Britain And France. By ALVIN J. STEINFOPF BERLIN, Sept. 13 (#>)—The German high command today reported a rapid thrust deep into southeastern Poland, tightening of a "vise" closing on Warsaw and the wiping out of Polish resistance near Radom. The high command communique told of the capture of an "enormous number" of prisoners in the Radom sector, about 60 miles south of War- Apparently confident the fall of the city is a mere question of time, the high command already was concentrating its attention on the next phase of operations. This was reported in reliable quarters to involve a determina- tion to drive hrough Poland to the Russian border, if necessary to crush the Polish army. Complete subjugation of Poland was deemed necessary to permit concentration of the Reich's full strength on the western front. While Warsaw's defenders were fighting off repeated thrusts with a stubbornness that won admiration of the German command, Berlin announced that four Polish divisions encircled in the Radom sector, approximately 30 miles south of the capital, were beginning to capitulate. The situation of a Polish force estimated at 50,000 to 60,000 men for three days pocketed behind the (Continued on Page 12) British Troops Fight Side By Side With French Allies BATTLE RAGES Big Guns Seek To Dit* lodge French Outside Saarbrucken, Windsor Awaits War Assignment Duke And Duchess, Back Home, Secluded At Home Of Friend. WEATHER U. S. Weather Bureau Maryland: Mostly cloudy tonight and Thursday; slowly rising tern- j perature Thursday and in the interior tonight. Chesapeake Bay: Mostly cloudy with slowly rising temperature to- ' nlfcht and Thursday; moderate; northeast winds shifting to east' tad iouthftast. I BLACKSMITHS HARD TO FIND Even the Works Projects Administration here, which had to reduce its rolls recently to meet new regulations, is beginning to feel the of- fects of the pickup in industry. Almost every type of semi-skilled worker could ho found out of a job a month or so -ago. P.uv when W. P. A. officials started looking for a blacksmith yesterday in the rolls of the State Employment Service they found that those on the lists had been recalled this week by railroad shops or other industries. If there is an unemployed black- '• smith around. Harold Seihert. W. P. A. supervisor here, said hr- J would certainly like to have him • report for duty. | LONDON. Sept. IS (.£?) — The Duke of Windsor, who kept his promise to return to England if she ever needed him, will take up a war appointment, it was announced today. LAPPANS NAMES ^OMMITTEEMEN W. B. Leatherman and Otho Lowery were elected committeemen to represent their community in the organization and administration of a soil conservation district in Washington County at a meeting sponsored by the Lappans Grange held last night in the Fairplay school house. The meeting was largely attended and the proposed ,1;,..,.: .„„-,- , mill ict organization to combat soil salvage crew working on the U. S. j erosion with federal and state aid Squalus today, and the stern of the i was explained by representatives of JINX PURSUING SUB SALVAGERS PORTSMOUTH. X. II., Sept. 13 Pj—Another "13th" jinx struck the "OPEN HOUSE" OFF WASHINGTON, Sept. 13 (.zp ; — Curtailment of the Navy's traditional "open house" on October 27 was indicated today because of the department's neutrality enforcement and anti-espionage activities. Beginning in 1922, Navy Day has been observed on the birthday anniversary of Theodore Roosevelt. Traditionally the nation's seagoing force plays host to the public. Wife Held In Negro's PARIS, Sept. 13 (/P).—British troops were reported in French military dispatches this afternoon to have entered action with the French against the Germans on the western front for the first time in the 1939 European war. French advices said a "great number of well-equipped British troops are participating in combat." This news was displayed prominently by Paris evening newspapers. Creation of a Polish army in France was under way with recruiting offices opened throughout the country to receive Polish volunteers. French infantrymen were reporj- ed in dispatches reaching Paris as continuing to edge forward in German territory toward the Siegfried line at several points along a 100- mile front between the Rhine and Moselle rivers. While rival fliers clashed in the air and the big guns of both sides pounded enemy territory, military advices said French forces east of Saarbruecken had made a "substantial" advance. Fleet French tanks and armored cars earlier were reported to have reached the outskirts of Saarbru- ecken, railroad junction and industrial heart of the rich Saar basin, yesterday and to have thrust immediately into the suburbs. Still Hold Forest In the Warndt forest west of Saarbruecken. where the Germans have been counter-attacking, the French asserted they still held two(Continued on Page 12) Body Of Daniel Rose, 50, Found On Top Of Gapland Mountain. among more than 1,700 Americans who found places aboard the United flooded submarine sank to the bot- j the Soil Conservation Service and ! States liner Washington, it was MRS. KENNEDY ABOARD LONDON. Sept. 13 (&) — .Mrs. Joseph P. Kennedy, wife of the United States Ambassador, and three of their nine children are ! ton county, and immediately Fred- The mutilated body of Daniel Rose, 50, colored, of Burkittsville, Frederick county, was found yesterday in a shallow grave atop South Mountain near Gapland, Washing- LONDON, Sept. 13 (;pi—At the secluded home of a friend in Sussex today, the Duke of Windsor spent his first day out of self-imposed exile of nearly three years and waited for a war assignment. torn again after the craft had been : County Agent Milt D. Moore, raised entirely to the surface for the first time. The bow of the Squalu.s rose into the free air shortly before 9:00 a. M. (EST), with tons of water streaming from her conning tower and superstructure. This marked the first time this part of the craft had been above water since she sank 113 days ago with the loss of learned today. Steel Makers, Dizzy From Rush Orders, See Recall Of 125,000 Less than an hour before, the pon- No War Materials Involved In Pickup And Only Few Inquiries Made By Foreigners For Any Class Of Steel Goods. He returned secretly from France • toons abovc the stern hrokc water in a destroyer last night. With him ! Bowing 'ha', part of the submers- came the American-born woman for whom he gave up the Throne. They stepped onto a red carpet at Portsmouth while a handful of va?e crf<w was victorious, however. port officials cheered. It was the ! the slcrn he * an to sink linder the iblo was suspended just beneath the snrface. former XVallis Warfield's first lime tremendous weight of water pushed on British soil a* the Duchess of' intn tho st * rn ^mpr.rim'.nts Windsor. They werf married in France. put PITTSBURGH. Sept. 13 (3>].— A visit to offices of the leading steel producers here today showed ••xecu- Just as it appeared the weary sal- tiv ,. s a , mosl (]izzy wjth lhft sm , dcn rush of domestic orders which many predicted would result in rhe bow lifted. Most London papers put the horror-online; story on front pasjos. hut only two cave it headlines com (Continued on Page 12) DIVORCE SUIT. Jane Fouke. throush Attorney M. L. Ineram, filed suit in court today i for a divorce form Karl T. Foiike. Calling back to the mills of as many as li'i.oOO workers before Thanks A steady stream of telegrams from branch offices and manufacturers o' virtually every commodity from coat hangers to locomo- , rives poured in, telephones jangled. boys trotted in and out with memoranda. "Consumers." explained a perspiring official, "are putting on the same panicy rush housewives did last week for sugar and flour. If it continues, and we believe it, will, the industry will boost, its output to S"» to T*" p-r c'-ni of capacity within HO or 00 days. "That will mean as many as 125.-; CH"M> additional workers will be need-! ed and fr." time erick county authorities launched an investigation into his death. Rose was missing about ten days. A flock of buzzards directed Ab Lucas, brother-in-law of the murdered man, to the grave. Martha Rose. 40, wife of the siain man, was taken into custody a few hours after the body was found. Authorities recalled at once that she was sentenced to seven years in the penitentiary in October, 1933, for the hatchet-murder of Charles E. Lucas, colored, of Burkittsville. (Continued on Page 12) ITS AN ILL WIND KUKDKKICKTON. N. B.. Sept. 13 i.-P).—First-grade pupils in new Brunswick schools are feeling the pinch of war—but not complaining. The provincial government was notified by a Scottish publishing company that hundreds of first- grade textbooks went down with the torpedoed Athenia 10 days ago. Thousands of beginning pupils for those now ; won't get. down to serious study nn- COMPANY B TO BE INCREASED President's Order Expected To Add 35 Or 40 To Membership At Once. Inactive members of Company B, First Infantry. Maryland National Guard, will likely be called back into service as a result of executive orders signed recently by President Roosevelt increasing the National Guard forces of the country. Regimental headquarters of the First Infantry in Frederick had no definite information concerning the reported increases in strength but was understood to be making preparations to call back into service the inactive rolls of the infantry. The regiment extends from Cumber*" land to Crisfield and includes Company B, this city. The present strength of the regiment is 1.104 men and it is estimated that there are about 400 on the inactive list to draw from. Th6 latter roll is composed of guardsmen who enlisted for three years but. before their term exp-Ired, were unable to attend drills for some reason or other and have been classified as inactive. Although no definite information is available, it is believed that orders will be received to add from 200 to 250 to the active rolls. It is considered possible that between 35- and 40 will be added to Company B. PREXY is KILLED" FAYETTEVILLE. Ark., Sept 13 OP)—Thousands of University of Arkansas alumni and students today mourned the passing of Dr. John Clinton Futrall, 66, president of the institution for more than * (Continued on Page 12) (til replacements arrive. quarter of a century, H« was ed In an automobile-tmclc collision j yesterday.
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