Lenox Time Table from Lenox, Iowa on February 13, 1936 · Page 2
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Lenox Time Table from Lenox, Iowa · Page 2

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Thursday, February 13, 1936
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LENOX TIME TABLE, LENOX, IOWA By Edwar Pickard © Wrrtcm N New Federal Reserve Board Takes Office F IVJO of the members of tin- new f(!ilL'rnl reserve board were Inducted Into ofiice with due ceremony. A sixth. Iliilph \V. Morrison of Texas, was to arrive Inter and be sworn In. Th e seventh member Imd not yet been named by President Roosevelt, Marrlner S. ICccles, slated for chnl r- iii a n , and M. S. Szymr/iik of Chicago, were holdovers. The others besides Morrison are Itonnld Ran- Marriner S. Eccles Bom, Atlanta hunker; .John McKce of Ohio, former chief bank examiner for the Reconstruction Irlnnnce corporation, und Joseph A. firod- erlck of New York. The reserve board, wlilch has been culled "a supreme court of banking," has powers unparalleled In American financial history. Among these Is authority to double present margins that member hanks are required to maintain against deposits; the dominant voice on the open - market committee — which charts the system's participation In the government bond market, and over which It had no authority under the former law; power to veto over the heads of the various re- servo banks wlilch Insures the selection of n president who will co- opernte with the board, and the power to fix margins governing relations between bunks nnd brokers. New Farm Program Bill Comes Up in Senate W HAT Is known us the Bnnk- liead-Jones bill for soil conservation, the administration's substitute for the AAA, was given the hesitant approval of the senate agricultural committee by a vote of 15 to 2, although Chairman Klllson D. Smith of South Carolina said he "personally hud some doubts" as to Its constitutionality. The measure would enable the secretary of agriculture to remove 30,000,000 acres from cultivation and give him even wider powers than lie bad under the AAA. It was evidently headed for a hot debate on the senate floor. Secretary Wallace let It be known that officials of the Agriculture, Treasury and Justice departments were co-operating In an effort to collect for the government the $200,000,000 ordered returned to processors by the Supreme court, but he gave no details of the plan. In referring to this court order In a radio talk, Mr. Wallace went further In criticism of the Supreme court than bus any other ofiiein! of the administration. lie declared It was "the most gigantic legalized steal In history." Representative Allen T. Treailway of Massachusetts asserted on the floor of the bouse that "any ofliclal who will make a statement of that nature about the Supreme court ought to be impeached." Mr. Wallace may not have heard the hist of this. that Is worklLg for Industrial unions. Hut as he warmed up to his subject, Mr. Green clashed more directly with the views of the miners and the scattered applause which had greeted his remarks changed to boos and shouts of opposition. When Lewis arose to reply to Green he was given the support of almost every delegate In the hall. President Asks Repeal of Three AAA Acts I N A surprise message to congress President Roosevelt recommended the prompt repeal of three acts auxiliary to the AAA. These are the Bankhend cotton act, the Kerr- Suilth tobacco act and the potato control act. The first named Is the only one whose enforcement has been attempted and Its validity Is up for decision by the Supreme court In view of the court's decision Invalidating the AAA it was agreed by everyone that there was no value in keeping the three auxiliary acts on the books. Eastman Plans to Unify Terminal Facilities J OSKI'H 15. EASTMAN, co-ordlna- tor of transportation, Is trying to wipe out an estimated annual waste of $r>0,000,000 -In railroad terminal operations, and announced that he would soon order the unification of terminal facilities in eleven cities. T b Is, be figures, will save the affected railroads at least .$500,000 annually. Mr. Eastman had tried un- s u cc ess fully to have the carriers make the changes voluntarily. The unifications will be ordered at Worcester, Mass., Mecbanlcsvllle, N. Y.; Grand Ilaplds, Mich.; Jacksonville, Kla.; Montgomery, Ala.; Meridian, Miss.; Kreeport, 111.; Des Moines, and Council Bluffs, Iowa; lieaumont, Texas, and Ogden, Utah. After the first group of orders, Eastman said that, If necessary, he was prepared to compel "other steps of increasing magnitude," but would 'stand aside if railroads are able to produce their own momentum." Unless extended by congress, Eastman's office will expire in June. He hns recommended that It be continued at least five years. J. B. Eastman Senator Dickinson Dickinson Also Has Program to Save the Farmer IpVEUY Presidential possibility •*-' these days must have some plan for-the salvation of the American farmer. Senator L. J. Dickinson of Iowa, often mentioned for the Republican no in- ination, now brings out his permanent far m i) r u g i a ir. w Ii I c li he n a y s would divorce the farm p r o h 1 e in from "bureaucratic control" In Washington. Ills plan would embrace erosion control, soil conservation, and restoration of fertility of lands. Administration would be bundled Jointly by the states and the federal government In u manner similar to highway construction. The Dickinson program, similar to that advocated by former Gov. Frank O. Lowden of Illinois, includes payment of the balance dug signers of AAA contracts, a higher tariff'on farm products, continued corn loans, and extension of farm mortgages at a low rate of Interest. United Mine Workers Defy William Green U NITED Mine Workers of America, in convention In Wash lug- ton, shouted boisterous defiance at \yilliuin Green's plea that they drop their campaign for industrial organization. The A. F. of L. president opened bis speech before the 1,700 delegates froto the coal pits with a plea . for co-operutlun lo prevent a split to the ruuk§ of, American labor. The A, F. of L., which favors the craft (or skilled worker) uulous, bad ordered the miners, led by John L. to abandon tUelr committee Lindbergh Case Reopensd by Governor Hoffman O N OKDKKS from (!ov, Ilaruli- G. Hoffman of New Jersey, further Investigation of the Lindbergh kidnaping and murder case has been started. Col. H. Norman Schwarzkopf, head of the stnte police, assigned two of his star de tectlves for the Inquiry, and Ims enlisted the aid of federal Investigating agencies and the New York police. The governor wants the Investigation to l>e painstaking nnd thorough. The reprieve which he granted Ilnuptmann will expire on February 15. After that date at least four weeks, and perhaps five, will elapse before the date for the execution wlilch will be ordered by Justice Thomas W. Trenchard, who presided over the trial. The governor believes that by that time his power of reprieve will have expired In this case, and he will not grant another unless Attorney David T. Wllentz concurs. Unless new developments warrant It, the attorney general will not agree to further delay In the execution. Talmadge Boom Launched in Georgia Meeting T WO THOUSAND or more "grass root" Democrats, representing 17 southern and border states—though most of them were Georgians — assembled In Macon, Ga., nnd with wild yells launched the boom of Gov. Eugene Talmadge for the D e rn oc-r a tic Presidential nom- Ination. They adopted a motion asking him to run as a constitutional Democrat who Is opposing what they called the "theor- Washington Digest J By WILLIAM BRUCKART NATIONAL PRESS BJ.DG WASHINGTON D C Gov. Talmadge Ists, crackpots, brain trusters and professors" of the New Deal. Talmadge, though highly elated, declined to comment or to make any announcement at the time. The platform adopted by the meetidg calje<3 for preservation of the Constitution, of state sovereignty and of the American form of government. It accused President Roosevelt of abandoning faith In the Constitution nnd the doctrines of Thomas Jefferson and of "repudiating, abandoning, and sidetracking" the platform on which he was elected In 1932. It is not easy yet to estimate the possible results of the Talmadge movement. The administration leaders .refuse to take the Georgia governor seriously or to admit that he can imperil their control of any of the southern states. The situation In the South Is fur ther complicated by the sudden death of Gov. O. K. Allen of Louisiana, lie was the devoted and complaisant adherent of Huey Long and had been selected to flll out the unexpired term of the late senator Money Dominates was at war when money dominated the situation at Washington, It as- Washington.—If ever there were I of the bonus did not give any rea- tlme other than when the nation son for commendation except, perhaps, the justification that If the Roosevelt administration was committed to passing out hundreds of millions of dollars on boon-doggllng and other more or less useless projects, then the war veterans were entitled to be paid now the sums which congress promised them would be paid In 1947. That really is a powerful argument but If Roosevelt supporters make that ar- suredly Is now. One can go where he chooses about the government departments, to the White House or to Capitol Hill and the subject under discussion Is or soon will be money. A year or so ago. we heard a Neutrality Bill Seared by J. Bassett Moore E NCOURAGEMKNT was given opponents of the administration neutrality bill by the severe castiga- tlon of the measure by John Bassett Moore, former member of the World court. Ills statement was presented at u secret meeting of the senate foreign relations committee but was made public by Senator Johnson of California, who doesn't like the bill. Calling It "a curious blend of homicidal with suicidal mania," Mr. Moore caustically denounced the bill, which would continue the present mandatory embargo on arms and munition's shipments to belligerents, but give the 1'resident discretion In limiting certain other exports to peace-time levels. "The homicidal mania," Moore snld, "glares In the proposal to try to starve other peoples who engage In war; the suicidal mania gleams in the proposal to demoralize and destroy our commerce in order that peoples at war may not ho nourished by what we produce." Especially vehement wns his attack on the section giving the President discretion to curb the shipment of such war materials as steel, oil und cotton. League Experts Study Oil Embargp Problem W HETHER on oil embargo against Italy could be made effective was the knotty problem confronting a League of Nations committee of experts that met In Geneva. About a dozen countries were represented, but Poland refused to take part on the ground that It exports no oil to Italy, but only to Czechoslovakia. League authorities said the investigation Into practical possibilities of enforcing an oil embargo against Italy, In addition to the present war penalties, was likely to center to a large degree on the attitude of the United States. These sources conceded uncertainty as to whether such an extension of sanctions could be effective if the United States administration applied no oil embargo at all, or limited oil exports to Italy to a definite known amount. Progress of Mussolini's War in Ethiopia ECENT heavy fighting In the great deal about money. We heard of It In connection with an appropriation of $4,880.0(10.000 — the greatest single ponce-time voting of money In our history. And, likewise, we heard money discussed when the President used bis power to devaluate the dollar In Its relation to gold. Now, however, the subject of money Is discussed In a slightly different vein. The question that Is paramount Is how can the government get the money It needs. In other words, we ore now getting around to the question of taxation, and tt Is a question that neither the President nor his lieutenants In congress like to face. It Is nn election year and n tax Increase In election year Is not what the politicians would call smoothing the highway of a campaign. Passage of the legislation providing Immediate payment of the veterans' bonus brought conditions to a head. The President vetoed the bonus bill nnd congress promptly overrode that veto. So the President promptly told congress that something had to be done about It; that the only funds the treasury could muster would be by borrowing and that since congress had yielded to the vocal minority represented by the greatest lobby ever to populate the Capitol, It thereby captured for Itself a problem of raising the money. Of course, the President must assume some responsibility even though be vetoed the bonus for the reason that some of the funds which must be raised will go to pay the crop control benefits or bonus resulting from Invalidation of the processing taxes and the Agricultural Adjustment act. The President, as well as the political leaders In congress, want to continue that payment and they also want to pay farmers on commitments previously made because they regard them as moral obligations under the AAA contracts. Yet the country Is likely to think In terms of the bonus for the war veterans and pay little attention to the smaller amount scheduled to go to the farmers and. Indeed, the veterans' bonus Is almost six times that which the administration desires to pay to the farmers. There was In tills situation a development to which I believe attention should be called. Through many years congress has been an Through the same R Kansas Republicans Offer Landon for Nomination I/' ANSAS Republican state com*^- mittee members, the Kansas Day club and many party leaders from the Missouri valley region, celebrating Founders' day in T o p e k a , pre sented to the country Gov. Alf Lan- tlon of Kansas as •heir choice for the Republican Presidential nomination. In a speech to the banqueters the governor told what he hoped to do for the r., nation if he were * nominated and Gov -Landon elected. Refraining from "substituting epithets for arguments," he offered a program for ending federal extravagance and restoring prosperity. Replying to the query "What would you do?" Mr. Lund on proposed relief for agriculture through a soil conservation program with the honest purpose of saving the fertility of American farms and no) merely that of providing a blind for further dispensation of AAA checks. Temblen mountains in Ethiopia resulted In the death or wounding of some six hundred Italians, but Rome announced that the natives were finally completely routed. In the southern sector the Invaders with their swift motorized columns succeeded In driving the forces of Ras Dest& Demtu 80 miles further back along the Ganale Dorla river toward Alatta. The Italians said the Ethiopians were retreating in panic but still fighting fiercely. This reverse was admitted at Addis Ababa and it was announced the emperor was sending strong reinforcements to bis son-in-law, Ras Desta. "If3 Up to Henry" easy spender, years It has avoided at every turn laying taxes to offset the money It voted out of the treasury. Under the Roosevelt administration the peak of easy spending has been readied and congress has gone along with a vociferous "aye" on every spending proposal sent to the Capitol from the White House. The congressional attitude to which I have referred came up In bulk at the time of the bonus vote. Rvery time a bonus opponent Inquired where the government would get the money to pay HIP two and one- half billion to the veterans, the answer from the bonus supporters was. In effect, "It's up to Ilnnry." I can recall a familiar slogan, current when I was a hoy, that was used always when some one desired to shift responsibility—to pass the buck. It was "let George do It." In the bonus controversy. Senator Bankhend. Democrat of Alabama, G EI ", Death of Gen. Kondylis, "Strong Man" of Greece EN. GEORGE KONDYLIS, the 'strong ma a" of Greece and leader of the coup d'etat by which the monarchy was restored, died suddenly of a heart attack complicated by asthma. His associates said his death possibly was brought on by the defeat of the Kondylis political group In the general election In which the Liberal Venlzellsts won control of 142 of the 300 parliamentary seats. King George and all the high military and political leaders Joined in final homage to the dead general at tbe state funeral accorded him. KondyUs was premier and regent after the restoration was voted, but resigned from office. was the first member ( of congress whom 1 heard say 'It's up to Henry." He meant that the Job of raising the money belonged to Henry Morgenthau, secretary <of the treasury, but Senator Bnnkhend spnke more than his own feelings when he made the statement, lie put Into words a thought which permeated tbe minds of n vast majority of unthinking representatives and senators. ; Perhaps I should not say unthlnk- ng because those men were, In ruth, thinking very deeply. TlH'lr :h<Hights, Instead of turning to song n the spring, were turning to votes in November. That was the reason for passage of the bonus. Senators and representatives seeking re-election were afraid to go Into the battle for nomination and re-election this summer and have war veterans drag out the skeleton of a vote In opposition to immediate payment of the bonus. Jt will he a long time before those who voted for the bonus can live It down. A keen political maneuver has something In It that calls for admiration but an onvlpus political maneuver such m was the passage gument they are at the same time damning the New Deal spending policies, so I fancy that such an argument will be rarely advanced. It is entirely probable that there will be no tax bill this year unless the President's May Be No letter to Speaker Tax Bill Byrns pointing out tlie necessity for raising revenue causes nn unheard of number of senators and representatives to do a flip-flop. No imagination Is required to see that a representative or senator Is In n tougli spot when he goes back home asking the suffrage of his constituents and must tell them at the same time that he added to the tax burden which they must pay. Well, If that be true, how Is "Henry" going to get the money? It will have to be borrowed and It will have to be borrowed on government bonds which add up Into an Increasing government deficit. It means that Instead of n deficit of around three billions in the next fiscal year, the treasury will be confronted with a deficit of more than five billions nnd the public debt. In the meantime, will have been correspondingly Increased. It means, In addition, that the banks of the country will have to pile more government bonds on top of the government bonds they have thus far absorbed In finnnclng a policy of spending our way out of the depression. The tragedy of the situation in congress that brought about Senator Bankhead's remark of "It's up to Henry" is that it Indicates that congress has been looking upon the treasury as a source of revenue. It Is not and It never has been. Government Is non-productive. It can get funds only by taxation, by Ing them away from .the peopli or by borrowing and If it borrows it has to pay back. The newspapers throughout the country have been full of reports concerning the Campaign early start of the Starts Early political c a m - palgn. Tbe A1 Smith speech, coming from the man who made It, brought about a sudden expansion in the political fire. It really opened up the fight nnd henceforth we are due to be surfeited with tills claim or that, this charge and that denial or countercharge, as the various leaders marshal their forces. Thus far, In addition to President Roosevelt's Jackson day speech to the $nO-a-plate diners and Mr. Smith's Liberty league dinner outburst, we have had active campaigning by former President Hoover, by Governor Talmadge of Georgia; by Senator Borah, the Idaho Republican; by Governor Landon, the Kansas Republican, and by Senator Robinson of Arkansas, the Democratic leader in the senate, who spoke in reply to Mr. Smith. Others are in the offing for the Republican and Democratic national committees are engaging radio times In a big way. As speeches and statements Increase In number, and as fanfare grows louder, I find myself getting a bit callous to them all. I have been wondering whether the American people have lost their sense of humor completely, because the situ ntlon really has a humorous side. Unless the people's sense of humor has been dreadfully seared, It seems to me they ought to be highly BRISBANE THIS WEEK The Crown Remains Veterans Reach the Top The Useful Red Cross Oxygen Is Life Behind the gray walls of Windsor castle, on the liill above the Eton school, where young England lenrns discipline and cricket, King George's coffin was lowered Into the vault to He be si de his father, King Edward VII, and his grandmother. Queen Victoria. T h e magnificent crown of England was taken from the Arthnr Brl.lmnc coffln before j t disappeared and placed hefore the altar. Kings go; the crown remains. The services were broadcast, new feature of a royal funeral. Tho simple Church of England burial service, read by the Archbishop of Canterbury, was heard far over the earth, wherever Britain's 400,000,000 subjects live. Veterans having successfully climbed the long, long road, the government began the biggest "payoff" Job in history, the printing of two billion four hundred million dollars' worth of bonds, to be distributed among 3,518,191 World war veterans. The mere distributing cost alone will be $7,0(10,000. Now government wonders what new taxes cnn be Invented to pay the two and one-half billions. Interesting news from JCthlopla sent by an American correspondent says the residence of Haile Selassie's son has on the roof a large red cross, although it has nothing to do with the Red Cross. Associated Press sends news of a Swedish "field hospital," captured by Italians In the South, carrying ammunition on five trucks adorned with Red Cross (lags and Insignia. The "field hospital" automobiles eon tuined, in addition, 27 cases of munitions. In modern war, the safe plan seems to he bomb everything. The war drums of the Ethiopian hero, lias Desta Detntu, were cap tured. He will miss them. "The Blood Is the 1,1 fe," accord- Ing to an old Hebrew saying, a oxygen is the life of the blood. No oxygen means death, in three min utes or less; too little oxygen means premature death, inferior health meanwhile. The Dionne quintuplets are marvelous In their health. The marvel ous babies sleep outdoors every morning and afternoon; on one occasion the temperature was 30 de- frees below zero. All five walk, all have gainer velght during the past month, and lave new teeth. Annette has three new ones, twelve in all. All have beautiful big eyes, high foreheads >retty faces and look as French as he Marseillaise; get plenty of oxy gen, but wrup up well. amused over ridiculous statements now being made on one side of the fence or on the other. Take, for Instance, Mr. Roosevelt's handwritten bonus veto message. It presented something a bit unusual because In my time In Washington tt happened only once before that a President vetsed a bill wlth>a handwritten message to congress. Of course, It was Intended to be dramatic—and It was. But the point Is: A year ago when congress passed the bonus the President made a personal appearance In the halls of congress and read his own veto message. He -made his vigor ous fight and he rallied his support ers In line to sustain his veto. There has been so much talk around Washington since the handwritten message went to congress that the President really was not vigorously opposing passage of the hill over his veto that T am coming to believe that was true. In other words he thought that Immediate payment of the bonus was wrona hul he had a weather eye out for the forthcoming campaign nnd the votes the bonus might bring. C Wwtern New»p»pw Union. Lloyd George says the new king Edward VIII, has the magnetlsn of his grandfather, Edward VII that he comes to the throne wit such great troubles ahead as fe\ Icings have ever encountered, bu "his courage and his sure Instlnc will not fail him." The unnecessary air disaster 1 Hawaii, two United States boinbln planes destroyed In collision whll plying "In formation" and six me killed, causes aviators to say tha they object to night formation ilj ing. They may well object; notl Ing more densely stupid could b Imagined than sending up planes t fly at high speed, almost wing t wing, Inviting disaster and deal! Even In these busy times ther ought to be somebody sufllelentl Intelligent to stop that nonsense, a night, and In daytime also. Mr. John Iloran of Milwaukee called by his fellow workers "Sod Ash Johnny," first used soda as to clean locomotive boilers, a dls covery that should have made him rich, but did not. "Soda Ash Johnny," a proud man refused to let his son accept a pen sion, told the authorities; "I am etlll able to work, and no boy o mine Is going 'on the county. 1 " It will surprise you to hear tha the son, ag«d sixty-sis, has applied for an old age pension. The statement tnat Imagination Is worse than reality applies to everything—death included, let us hope. When a colony of nudists move on Sun Diego, Calif.. t i le strongest protest Braille comes from Saa Diego's club, an organization 01 b nd people. They could not actually know whether the colonists were dressed or not, but they do not like the idea. Consider how men have persecuted, tortured and burned each other for religious differences, in matters that they could neither see nor know. IT WORKED FORME Women should take only liquid laxatiret if ORE people could feel fins, !«• fit and regular, if they w nly follow the rule of doctors lospitals in relieving constipation. Never take any laxative that « »arsh in action. Or one, the dose of which can't be exactly measured. Doctors know the danger if this rule s violated. They use liquid laxatives, and keep reducing the dose until the )owels need no help at all. Reduced dosage is the secret ol tiding Nature in restoring regularity. You must UK a little less laxative each time, and that's why it should a liquid like Syrup Pepsin. Ask your druggist for a bottle of Dr. CaldwelPi Syrup Pepsin, and if it doesn't give you absolute relief, if it isn't a joy and comfort in the way it overcomes biliousness due to constipation, your money back. And Paid It Back The Panama canal cost about on* bird of a billion dollars. The Man Who Knows Whether the Remedy You are taking for Headaches, Neuralgia or Rheumatism Paina is SAFE is Your Doctor. Ask Him Don't Entrust Your Own or Your Family's Well-Being to Unknown Preparations B EFORE you take any preparation you don't know all about, for the relief of headaches; or the pains of rheumatism, neuritis or neuralgia, ask your doc/or what he thinks about it—in comparison with Genuine Bayer Aspirin. We sa» this because, before the discbvery^ of Bayer Aspirin, moat so-called "pain" remedies were advised against by physicians as being bad for the stomach; or, often, for the heart. And the discovery of Bayer Aspirin largely changed medical practice. Countless thousands of people who have taken Bayer Aspirin year in and out without ill effect, nave proved_ that the medical findings about its safety were correct. Remember this: Genuine Bayer Aspirin is rated among the fastest methods yet discovered for the relief of headaches and all common pains ... and safe for the average person to take regularly. You can get real Bayer Aspirin at any drug store — simply by never asking for it by the name "aspirin" alone, but always saying BAYER ASPIRIN when you buy. Bayer Aspirin Yawn Explained A yawn Is only a gap In the conversation. VEGETABLE CORRECTIVE DID TRICK They were getting on each other's nerves. Intestinal sluggishness was really the cause—made them tired with frequent headaches, bilious spells. But that is all changed now. For they discovered, like millions of others, that nature provided tha cornet laxatives in plants and vegetables. Tonight try Nature's Remedy (NR Tablets). How much better you feel—Invigorated, refreshed. Important—you do not have to increase the does. They contain no phenol or mineral derivatives. Only 25c — all I TONIGHT UTOMORKOW AIRICHT FREE SAMPLE GARFIELD TEA CO., Dent 115 Brooklyn, N.V. Is more than skin deep Ailc your doctor. Ask the beauty expert. OARFIELD TEA""* cop nightly — often doe» mote lot your ikin and complexion than costly cosmetics. Expeli poison- ou» body waitci that clog the porei and eventually cau<e muddy, blotchy, erupted skin. A week of this internal beauty treatment will astonish you. Begin tools"'' A Splendid laxative Drink WNU—N 7—89 .THEIOcSIZECONttlM i TIMES ASM"™ MlHEScML

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