•AS Jtist as NATION AT PRAYIifi" LA'Sf SUNDAY'S SUBJ8CT. from tho TbAt, Tex%; "I. f AM, G.r- of Thank*.'' — I TIsn., 81 1. g HAt whieh Ixm- *don ia to England. ' Paris to Frmncn. Berlin to Germany, Borne to Italy, Vienna to,Austria, St. Petersburg to Russia, Washington is to the United States republic. The people who live here see more of the chief men of the nation'than any who live anywhere else between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. If a senator, or member of the house of representatives, or Supreme Court Justice, or secretary of the cabinet, or representative of foreign nation enters a public assembly In any other city, hla coming and going are remarked Upon, and unusual deference Is paid to him. In this capital there are so many political chleftama in our churches, our streets, our halls, that their coming and going make no excitement. The Swiss seldom look up to the Matterhorn, or Jungfrau, or Mt. Blanc, because those people are used to the Alps. So we at this capital are so accustomed to walk among mountains of official and political eminence that they are not to us a great novelty. Morning, noon and night vre meet the giants. But there is no place on earth where the Importance of the Pauline "Injunction to prayer for those In em- ,lnent place ought to be better appreciated. At this time, when our public men have before them the rescue ol'our national treasury from appalling deficits^ and the Cuban question, and the Arbitration question, and in many .departments men are taking important positions which are to them new and untried, I would like to quote my text . -with a whole tonnage of emphasis— -words written by the Bacred mlsslon- :ary to tho young theologian Timothy: •"I exhort, therefore, that, first,of all, •supplication, prayers, Intercessions and -.giving of thank's be made. for. all men; lor kings, and for all taat are in authority." . If I have the time, and do not forget some, of them before I get through, I __ will give you four or five reasons why * the people of the United States ought to, make earnest and continuous prayer for those in eminent place. First, because that' will put us in proper attitude toward the successful . x^en of the nation. After' you have grayed for a man you will do him jus- $Jce. There is a bad. streak in human nature that demands us to assail those tiat are more successful than ourselves. • It shows Itself in boyhood, when the lads, all running to get their ' ride on the back of a carriage, and one Sets on, those failing to get on shout 1 to the driver, "Cut behind!" Unsuccessful men seldom like those who in „•;any department are successful. ..The <cry is, "He is a political accident," or "He bought his way up," or "It Just ^happened so," and there- Is an Impatient waiting'for hlm'to come down onore rapidly, than he went up. The lest euro for such cynicism is prayer. :After we have risen from our knees we -will be wishing the official good instead of evil. We will be hoping for .him benediction rather than malediction. If he makes a mistake we will - - ~«all_ lt^a_mistake_instead of malfeasance In office. And, oh! how much liappier we will be; for wishing one evil Is diabolic, but wishing one good Is saintly, is angelic, is God-like, When the Lord drops a man into depths be- •jyond which there ia no lower depth lie allows .him to be put on an In vest!'gating committee with the one hope of :finding sornothipg wrong. ; In general assemblies of the Presbyterian Church, • in conferences of thb Methodist Church, in conventions of the Episcopal Church, •In House of Representatives, and in Senate of United Stated there are men always glad to be appointed on the Committee-of Malodors.while there are •those who are glad to be,put on the . Committee of Euloglums. After you liave prayed, in the words of my,text, tor all'that are in authority, you will say, "Brethren, Gentlemen, Mr. Cliair- '" man, excuse me from serving on the Committee of Malodors, for last night, .just before I prayed for-those in eml* .iieul; position, I read that chapter In Corinthians about charity which "hopeth all things" and "thlnketh no evil," 'The Committee of Malodprs is an important committee, but I here now declare that those are incompetent for its work ,whp have, not In spirit of conventionality, but in spirit of earnest importunity, prayed for those in high position. I cannot help *it, but I do like a St Bernard better than a bloodhound, and I would rather l>e a, humming-bird among honeysuckles than a- crow swooping upon field Carcasses." • . 0 ' ' '.' Another reason why we should pray for those in eminent place Is because they have much multiplied perplexities. This city at tijia time holds hundreds of men wlio are expectant of preferment, and United States mall- Imgs, as never before, are full of applications, Let; uie say I have no sym- jsatiiy with either the uttered or printed ftneer at what are called "ofllce- s^elteri." If I toad not already received &pj}ointuie»t aa Minister Pieni- ? is&teuttary from, tee Hifb Court of every minister of the Goa- I hsA at »y back * fiwa- Jjf uty wfcirjsi I wieiied to eje-lil^ve & in 9< •!:v th*ir pay-inputs, fwv i-i hard times ftg in good tSm'jft, find ttarln^ sisTnrnf>r rswiHon as during wift- ti>r work. Beside that, many of us hare been paying taxes to city, ajul state, and nation, for years, and while Wf» are Indebted for the protection of government, the government Is Indebted to us for the honest support ws have rendered it. So I wish Success to all earnest and competent men who appeal to city or state or nation for a place to work. But how many men In high place In city, and etate, and nation, are at their wits' end to know what to do, when for some places there are ten applicants and for others a hundred! Perplexities arise from the fact that citizens sign 1 petitions without reference to. the qualifications of the applicant for the places applied 'for. You sign the application because tha applicant is your friend. People sometimes want that for which they have no qualification, as we hear people sing "I want to bean angel," when they offer the poorest material possible for angelhood. Boors waiting to be sent to foreign palaces aat ambassadors, and men without any business qualification wanilng io be consuls to foreign ports, and Illiterates, capable In one letter of wrecking all the. laws of orthography and syntax, desiring to be put Into positions where most of the work Is done by correspondence. If divine help Is needed In any place In the world It Is in those places where patronage la distributed. In years gone by awful mistakes have^ been made. Only Qod, who.ma'le the world out of chaos, could, out of the crowded pigeon-holes of public men, develop symmetrical results. For this rea- eon pray Almighty God for all those In authority. Then there are the vaster perplexities of our relations with foreign governments. For directions In such affairs the God of Nations should be Implored. The demand of the people Is sometlmes-so— heated,— BO— Ainwlso, that it must not be heeded. Hark to the boom of that gun which sends from the American steamer San Jaclmto a shot across the bow of the British, merchant steamer Trent, November 8, 1861. Two distinguished southerners, with their, secretaries' and famllos, are cm the way to, England and Franco to officially enlist them for the southern confederacy. After much protnst the commissioners, who had embarked for England and France, surrendered, and were taken to Fort Warren, hear Bostion. The capture was a plain Invasion of the .laws of nations, and antagonistic to a principle for the establishment of which the United States government had fought; In other days. However, so great waa the excitement ttvai the secretary of the United 'State* navy wrote ah applaud itory letter to Captain Wilkes, commander of the San JAclnto for his "prompt and decisive notion," and th* House of Representatives passed a resolution of th-awks for. "brave, adroit and patriotic conduct," and the millions of the north went •wild with enthusiasm, and all tlte newspapers and churches Joined In <ie huz- za. England and France proteHted'rth'e- former demanding that unless the distinguished prisoners should, be surrendered and apology made for insult to " the British flag within fen days, Lord Lyons must return : to London, taking all the archives of tb« British legation. War with England and France seemed inevitable, . and war with England and France at that tlme^ would have made a restored American nation Impossible for a long while, if not forever. Then God came to the rescue and helped the president and his secretary of state. Against the al~most~unanimous"sentiment of the people of the north the distinguished confederates were surrendered, the law of nations was kept Inviolate, the Lion's paw' was not lifted to strike the Eagle's beak, and perhaps the worst disaster of centuries was avoided. * * . «••».'• .»'.;, You see there are always in places of authority unbalanced men who want war, because they do not realize what war is, or they are designing men, wh'o want war for the same, reason that wreckers like hurricanes, and foundering ships, because of what may float ashore from the ruins. •- You see that men who start wars never themselves geth.urt. T^ey make the speeches and others make the self-sacrifices. .Notice that all those who instigated our civil war never as a consequence got soimuch as -a splinter under the thumb-nail, and ' they all, died .peacefully in their beds. I "had two friends — as thorough, friends as old men can be to a young man— Wendell Phillips and Robert Toombs. They were, not among those wfcb expected anything advantageous from the strife, but took their positions conscientiously. They both had as much to do with the start- Ing of the war between the north and the south as any other two men. A million brave northern and southern dead were put in the 'grave trenches, but the two illustrious and honest men I have mentioned were in good health long after the. ending of things at Ap- pomattor, and if "those who advocated measures recently ' that . would have brought on war between, yur country ajid Spain or England or Turkey, had teen successful In bringing on the wholesale murder, they themselves would now have been above ground, as J. hope they will be, to celebrate tho birth of the twentieth century. If God had not interfered wo would have had three wars within the last two years— war with England, war with Spain, and war v/ich Turkey, this last joined by other nations Tyanslautlc, To preserve the peaceful equipoise which suuli'men are disturbing, we need a dtvluet balancing, for whiefe all good men on boib. side* the to V* every &&y praying p-erwjna! Rf1*«"ie«s would b« to the rnopt part, an Jropertlnf-BCf. Thoy have si! the facts as we cannot h«,Y& them, and they ses the subject in all Its bfiRfJngs, and •we can be of no help to them except through the supplication that our text advises. In that way we may be infinite reinforcement. The mightiest thing you can do for a man is to pray for him. If tee old Bible be true, and if it Is not true It has'been the only Imposition that ever blessed the -world, turning barbarism Into civilization and tyrannies iato republics,—I say If the old Bible be true, God answers prayer. You may get a letter, and through forgetfulnesa or lack of time not answer It, but God never gets a genuine letter that he ,does not make reply. Every genuine prayer Is a child's letter to his Heavenly Father, and he will answer It; and though you may get many letters from your child before yon renpond, some day you say: "There! I have received ten letters from my daughter, and I will answer them all now and at once, and though not in just the way she hopes for, I will do it In the best way, and though she asked me for a sheet of music. I will not five It to her, for I do not like the munSc spoken of; but I will'send her n deed to a house and lot. to be hers forever. So God does not In all cases answer In the way. those who sent tho prayer hoped for. but he In all caaea gives what Is asked for or something better. So prayers went up from tha North and the South at the time of our civil war. and they were all answered at Gettysburg. You cannot make me be- lievo that God answered only the Northern prayers, for there were Just as devout prayers answered south of Mason and Dixon'B line as north of it, and God gave what was asked for, or something as much more valuable, as a house and lot are worth more than a sheet of music. There Is not a good and intelligent man between the Gulf of Mexico and the St. Lawrence river, who does not believe that God did the best -.thing possible when he stood this nation.down In 1865 a glorious unltyr never to be fent until the waters of the Ohio and the Savannah, the Hudson and the Alabama, are licked up by the long, red tongues of a world on fire. Yea! God spmetlmes answers prayers' on a large scale. In-worse predicament nation never was -than the Israelltish nation on,the banks of the Red Sea, the rattling shields and the 'clattering hoofs of 'an overwhelming host close after them. ,An army could just as'easily wade through the Atlantic Ocean, from New York to Liverpool, as the Israelites could "have waded through the Red Sea. You need, to sail on its waters to realize how big it is. How was the crossing effected? By prayer. Exodus 14, 15: "And the Lord said' unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? Speak unto the children of Israel, that they BO forward." That is, "Stop praying aud take the answer." And then the wa- ters__beean to be agitated and swung this way and that way, and the ripplo ibecame a .billow, and the .billow climbed other billows, and now they rise into walls of sapphlre.^and invisible trowels mason them into firm-;, -ness-and the walls become like mountains, topped and turreted and domed •with, crags of crystal, and God throws an Invisible chain around the feet of those mountains, so that they are obliged to stand'Still, and there, right before the Israelltish army, is a turnpike road, with all the emerald gates BWunK wide open. , The passing, host did not even get their feet wet. They passed dry-shod, the bottom of the sea as hard as the pavement of Pennsylvania' avenue, or New York's Broadway, oi^Bondon'e Strand. Oh! What • a God they had! or, I - think, L.'will change-that and^Bay^"What a God we have!" . """^~~~ '. . •-*••' CHANGING TO THE MOHFnN SATE TV. The prayer that the great expounder wrote to be put In the corner-stone at the extension of the Capitol, I ejaculate as our own supplication: "God save the United States of America!" only adding the worda with which Robert South was apt to close his sermons, whether delivered before the court at Christ Church Chapel, or In Westminster. Abbey,, at anniversary of restoration of Chirles the II., or on the death of Oliver Cromwell amid the worst tempest that ever swept over England: "To God be rendered and ascribed, as is 'most due, all pralpe, might, majesty and dominion, both now and forever. Amen." Kefu»ed Without Proposing. -Few women, outside of royalties, ever "popped the question" to a man, and perhaps only one has had the experience of being rejected., by a man wit'hout having proposed to him. There was one, and the Hon. L. A. Tolle- mache tells the story in his "Personal Memoir of Benjamin Jowett." master of Balllol, Oxford. The master's personality .was potent ana penetrating, and good women felt' Its fascination. An undergraduate .was Jll at Balllol College, and his sister, coming to Oxford to-.nurse him, was Invited by Dr. Jowett to stay at his house. She re- coifed frprn him the utinost kindness and attention, ft&'d" wjheh leaving Bald, with niuc'h hesitation,' that she would venture to ask a very great favor. She again hesitated; the master grew uneasy and looked Interrogative. "Will you marry me?" at last she asked. ,•-"-. •> , He paced up and. down, blushed deeply, and replied, "That would not be good either for you or for me," "Oh! oh!" exclaimed the young lady, blushing even more deeply. "I meant to say I am going* to be married, and would you perform the service?" She ijad been refused, poor girl, without ttaving proposed, , ' . Japan's Experience With Silver. The attempt of Japan to maintain a mint ratio that was /lifferont from the market ratio was a failure and resulted In denuding the circulation of gold. Bimetallism had failed in Japan as elsewhere. ' . , The decline in the value of money had in Japan the effect it always has had of robbing tho laborer nnd enriching tho capitalist. The miserable pittance paid to the wretched operativea must at no distant period lead to a social revolution unless the rate of wages bo considerably improved. c In -1872 a family consisting .of five members of the lower middle class could subsist on 70 yen a year. In 1898 tho coot of living had risen to 180 yen a year. Dnring a period of 22 years the silver yen declined very nearly one-half in ita gold value, about two-fifths in its power -to buy.merchandise nnd about one-fourth in its power to buy labor. Tho gold value of tho exports from th6 United.States nndEnglondto Japan was over $18,000,000 in 1892 nnd nearly $31,000,000 in 1890, while the imports of the two from Japan -were over $39,000*000 in tho first year and less than $81,000,000 in the last year.—Fred Perry Powers in Sound Currency For. March 1. '• , . Cheap Confederate Money. A southern firm advertises 15 varieties of Confederate bills for 25 cents,-also a "rare collection of BO different bills and shinplasters for only $2." Apparently the firm has millions. of dollars worth of this money for sole cheap, ' . What a pity t'bat our old fogy constitution is in the way 1 But for it the cheap money advocates in any.' ( state where they have a majority could buy up this whole Confederate outfit and' 'start in business at once. Tho "amount of prosperity and happiness that could be extracted from this old paper mine •would depend upon the size (population) of the state fortunate enough -to secure .the monetary outfit. :. ' '--. For instance, it would probably give Nevada more than $1,000 per capita and would at once transform" be,r from one of the poorest to one of the wealthiest of states. Instead of sagebrush and prizefights she Avould teem with granaries and warehouses. Down with a constitution which preve'nts state home rule in monetary affairs and the manifold blessings of cheap money 1 Better Banking; Facilities Needed, Discussing the poor credit and banking facilities of the weak and south before the last, meeting of tho American Economic association, Mr. Thomas G. Shearman said: ^ —Inrthe'l reouthern states"irifl'iropoH^ sible that one-tenth of the fanners could have any bonk accounts or could ever draw checks in payment for their retail .transactions. In the recent campaign the successful candidate received the votea of 28 states, the defeated candidate the votes of 82. The 23 states hold 92 per cent of all bank deposits and depositors. Deducting from -the other 22 states the silver states and a few large cities, the remaining vast agricultural section of the country, having 40 per cent of the population and 75 per cent of the area, has lesa than 4 per cent of the bank deposits and depositors. This "suggests what was the real grievance of this mass .of voters, although they did not themselves understand it. ,Their banking facilities are proportionately only one-sixteenth of the rest of the •country. Farm Colony. Commori 8en>e Action. , By defeating an .unqualified free silver resolution and substituting a resolution in favor of free coinage, of gold and silver by international' agreement, the Republican legislature of Wyoming taught a lesson of common sense and practical politics to all the states of the northwest. The free coinage of silver on any other basis than that of actual value is a delusion which was effectually disposed of last November.—-New ]?ork World, ' , ; • •'"• • The Hou»e Bullded on the Baud*. Government Blast Control Mines. The Bankers' Magazine for March flndS the origin of our present troubles about silver in the demand that tho ratio of its value to gold shall be determined by the government. It is, however, no proper part of the duty of tho* government to try to fix the ratio of values of the two metals. " Being, V says Tho Bankers'Maga- zine, "commodities as well as money, and being commodities before and after they are money, and being money simply and only because they are commodities, and being commodities because they have recognized and intrinsic value independent of any action of government, and even in tho absence of government, and being therefore severally sub-" jcct to all tho laws of commodities, the law of variable supply nnd demand and value among others, nnd these varia-. ti ons not being-uniformIor_both-iuetals r it is impossible that government can ever 'fix' tho,ratio of their value. ' "If, however, it should be insisted that it is the function dud duty of government to (try to) fix the ratio of their values, it would seem to follow as a logical consequence that, since their relative value depends absolutely on tho relative supply of the two metals it is tho primary-and plain duty of government to fix (regulate) their supply by. controlling and operating the gold and silver mines, the sources of their' production. It-should do both things or neither, and it is preferable that. it should do neither. It is folly to expect it to dp the former without doing the latter."' ' ' /' ••'. • : • : • 'This is the truth of tho'matter in a nutshell. ' Unless the government first acquires all the mines in the? world and decides how much silver and how much gold are to bo produced yearly, it is impossible to maintain a ratio after it is "fixed," France "fixed" it 156 times, but it. would not stay fixed, and France has at length abandoned tho effort. The United States has also -tried the experiment several times without success. It is time the theorists were letting the matter alone. • ••••••»--• ( Why Interest I» High In Texas. . • ••' The Golvestoa Daily News reminds its Texas readers of the difference in in^ terest rates in tho northeastern "states and in sorrio of tho western and southern states and gives them a few elementary lessons on the reasons for this difference. "Interest is never so low, "it says, "in communities given over to suspicious fires, questionable assignments, fraudulent failures or to legislation with a decided turn against the ^creditor and in favor of the debtor." Much of the market rate of interest is insurance against -risk,- and -of-course-dimiuishes-rajrihe risk decreases. "Where men are required by law to pay their debts and are not sheltered and. encouraged in tricky courses by unreasonable exemption laws and by a public prejudice against creditors as a class the risk is naturally less serious." : . Making ' its application to Texas, The,News says: "We have, a right to to leave'A fraudulent debtor a residence worth $60,000, all the bank stock or bonds he con carry and on extraordinary collection of the tools of his trade or profession and to defy his creditors to crook a finger-at him. We can do this if wo prefer, but it is going to cost us something." It asks why,the "goodly majority of tho people of Texas,'' who "are not disposed to live high today and hido behind tho. exemption law, .the as-- Bignment law or some other law tomorrow," should bo forced by tho discredit of bad laws and a few dishonest men "to pay two prices fpr,.every dollar they borrow." It believes tho rato of interest would' come down one-half and tho loanable funds would double if the hon-, «st men of the state would demand the enactment of laws under which u creditor could collect what is due him. An Illinois colony Is being forra«J jto settle on Grain, Fruit and Daiif farms in the famed Wilamette Valley of Oregon. Fruit Orchard tracts -from flvfl acres up, Grain and Dairy Farms, sizes to suit. Lands gently rolling, soil very rich. Timber and water abundant Winters BO mild grass is green and flowers bloom every month in the year, '.Within sixty miles of Portland, with 100,000 inhabitanta, and the best market on the Pacific Coast, Join the Colony. For f"ull particulars, write Oregon Fruit And Farm Homes Colony, Qermanla Life BIdg., St. Paul, Minn., Qr'Powell, Howorth & Dee, McCoy, Oregon. Attornej-s at Law. A. A.,Wotfer8perffer, A TTORNEY AT •, LAW AND -CJ- SOLICITOR IN CUANCEBT. Office over Sterling National Bank, Sterling, IU. DR. Jr. A. BISHOP, SPECIALIST. Eye,~Ear,~Noee and -ThroaU—_. 1 Scientific Optical Wort;. Dr. Gait Block, STEPLING, ILL. 60 YEARS' EXPERIENCE. MARKS, • DESIGNS, COPYRIGHTS &C. Anyone tending A sketch and description'mar quickly ascertain, free, whether an Invention la probably p»tcntablo. Communications strictly confldentud, pldeat agency for securing patenta In America. We have a Washington office. Patent*'token through Munu & Co. recelro •pedal notice in the •, SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, beautifully Illnitrated, Hrrrost circulation ot. any Mlentlflo lonranl, weekly, tornft |3.00 a years fLiOBlz months. Specimen copies rmd I— BOOK ON PATENTS eent froo. Address MUNN 4 CO., . 301 Broadway, Now York.' Elwood J. Pittman, ; ATJOTIONEER. Dates can be procured at xthis office or with me at niy liome'in Hopkins township. . When tfcer* t» a coffia is the for.tfc? M IY • l 1 ' • *° Piling^ fur 611 Klcda of Job'Frtut go to the aTANDiBJa _ oe. Ordera by mall lot. _ Letter Heftds.NoteHeada, Statements, Enrelopos, &o,,prompuy executed. • at regular rftten. Address ' • THK BTAJJDABD, Sterling, HI. Feed Sheds —1 own Curreuey Evil* Must Be Corrected. Twcnty-fiyo truijo associations met afc Vonug's hotel, in Boatqn, on March 8 and decided to petition congress to pass a bill authorizing the president to appoint a- banking and currency commission. They demand the gold standard oud tha gradual-retirement of the legal tenders and favor the issue of currency by the national banks to the par value of their bouds uud a reduction of the tax on circulation. They^lso recoin- uieud additional banking currency, based on assets, tuidcr national supervision,' safe, elastic uud redeemable in gold, and the establishment of 'bunks with u capital of $25,000 or more in tmiall towns uud villages. The one important thing is that they demand 'action. The future of the currency question is very dark, but there ia one consideration that is encouraging, and that is the uupeanmca aruoug the classes directly suffering froui tho free silver agitation of 'an or^ fiamked effort at currency reform. That la Komethiug new, Feed Sheds on IhiidU, where I shall be glad to sea all my friends. Don't let your Team Stand Out in the Gold, BUT PUT IT IN MY SHED and, let it eat hay-. It only costs you 10 cents, STERLING, ILL. FOB Beetfwax, , Iron, Hides, Tallow, •• ., . Furs, ami Met^lot all kind.-, ai AUG MILLER'S WABIHOyiE Wolf ,) ILL.'
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