Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois on July 16, 1975 · Page 8
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Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois · Page 8

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Wednesday, July 16, 1975
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AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER Published daily except Sunday and six legal holidays by The Freeport Journal-Standard Publishing Company FREEPORT JOURNAL-STANDARD C. L. SULZBERGER WEDNESDAY, JULY 16, 1975 FREEPORT, ILLINOIS Those Budget Cuts While it is impossible to know precisely where the reductions in services will come, Gov. Dan Walker has made it clear that the 1976 Illinois fiscal budget will be reduced by more than $500 million. Any consistency in figures is hard to find, but the governor announced his intention to whack six per cent from overall state spending, with lesser percentages (ranging from four to five, depending on which news source is used) being applied to education Of course the effects on individual school districts that are now receiving more state aid than ever before will be considerable/Districts that are more financially solvent will be less bothered by the cuts. It is risky to assume the same thing for every district because varying financial structures and statuses of districts make them subject to differing applications when it comes to state assistance. The governor will receive considerable support for his decision because taxpayers will wanfto believe that the Walker approach will mean no new assessments from Springfield. What it will do to the local property taxpayer is another story because his obligations are affected just as much by what happens in city hall, the county board room or the local school board chambers. Because tax assessments take about a year to catch up with political decision-making, it will be about that length of time before actual effects are felt so far as tax payments are concerned. But planning for operation of school districts primarily is likely to be drastically altered, although, as we said, it is too early to know exactly where cuts will be made. There is always the possibility that school boards will resort to deficit spending in order to meet obligations. In the area of negotiations with teacher associations, already in the spotlight for the 1975-76 year, the Walker decision will be welcomed by education boards as one additional argument for holding the line. It is not being applauded by teacher groups as expected. Although the education focus is sharper because of its immediate impact, the Walker hard line on spending will affect other areas in- .cliiding road building. One of the contradictions he will be asked to explain is his forceful defense of promoting additional state spending to revive the ailing economy now taking a back seat to the sermon on frugality which is being delivered to "the people." A Sour Note There is one necessary footnote to the above comment: All of the highway repair and improvement projects approved at the last minute by the General Assembly have been vetoed by the governor. So here we are again, without any hope this year of restoring Illinois 26 (the major Freeport area need), or continuing to upgrade Illinois 73 west of the community. What it amounts to, as the mayor of Freeport said the other day after he was informed that $90,000 for a local airport improvement project had been denied, is a lot of words without much to back them up. We said some time back in this space that it was a good thing to have our legislators working for needed projects in this area and having several of them approved.by the General. Assembly. It takes a step backward, however, to have them flushed less than a month later. What else is new? Old Story, New Chapter The endless tale of the strife between Turkey and Greece, over their respective rights on the island of Cyprus, is up for review again, as it will be in the foreseeable future. It is a perpetual nuisance, involving at one and the same time our foreign policy, our national security, the respective prerogatives of the White House and Congress, and the political interests of the members of the Congress. The executive branch has worked out and offered to Congress a compromise whereby we will partially lift our embargo on shipment of arms to Turkey. The object is to propitiate the Turkish government, so that it will not find it expedient to take away our bases, and to appease the members of Congress who are hard pressed by'their constituents of Greek nationality. Rep. Brademas, D-Ind., calls the compromise a complete fraud because it fails to penalize the Turks for using NATO aid and weapons to take over more of Cyprus than their proportion of population justifies. He says the Turks are blackmailing us. But the expressions "fraud" and "blackmail" are rhetorical only. Actually, the Turks have not yet blackmailed us, though they may. Actually they did take over more of Cyprus than they should. Actually they felt driven to do so because the Greeks on the island, with the blessing of the colonels in Athens, who have since been deposed, were throwing their weight around and threatening the Turkish minority. ' Actually also, the American citizens of Greek origin who are constituents of members of Congress have been pressuring.their representatives to deny arms to Turkey, and throwing around their own kind of weight, regardless of the effect it will have on foreign policy and national security. The Turks did wrong about Cyprus, but so did the Greeks. As for the value of Turkey as an ally, history speaks louder than Rep. Brademas' polemics, and so does geography. The, Turks were our most dependable allies in the Korean police action. Turkey has a common frontier with the Soviet Union and is of key importance. The Truman doctrine, aided by Tito, once saved Greece from being overrun by the Communists. All things considered therefore, why shall we not accept the compromise and call the whole debate off? What Other Editors Say Parliament On Radio (Cheers) (Christian Science Monitor) Mrs. Margaret Thatcher, Leader of the Opposition: Would the Prime Minister clarify his position? (Labour interruptions) Prime Minister Wilson: I am saying what I said in the general election (Conservative cries of "Oh") - a precedent that she might care to follow on some occasions... Mrs. Thatcher: Bearing in mind that the Prime Minister is paid to answer questions, clearly on that criterion he does not earn his keep This is only one recent example of the kind of dialogue the BBC's world radio audience is going to hear when the British House of Commons is broadcast live. No canned laughter here. We'll be able to hear authentic (Labour cheers) - as they are parenthesized in printed accounts - when Mr Wilson says things like his recent: "Before I answer his three serious questions, I must refer to Mr. Heseltine's opening remarks. He trivializes everything he touches (Labour cheers).!' Or, going back a few years, radio would have conveyed just what the sound effects might have been during a questioning of the agriculture minister when the Speaker called for "Order. The noise is too bucolic." Some of the same questions are involved as in the United States deci-" sion of whether to introduce television cameras into Congress. Does the situation become top artificial for effective legislative procedure? RUNNING MATES. Namibian Nonsense WASHINGTON - Mr. Willia'm Johnston of New York, president of Episcopal Churchmen for South Africa, has delivered himself of a public letter once more denouncing South Africa for what he terms its "usurpation in Namibia." Because the letter is typical of a vast deal of nonsense written and published on this issue, it merits a few 'words of reply. Mr. Johnston begins by identifying Namibia as "the international territory South Africa occupies in defiance of the lawful authority, the United Nations." South Africa, he says, must be made to "obey the resolutions and decisions of the United Nations ^and the International Court of Justice." The gentleman speaks of "the Namibian people," whose watchword, he says, is "One Nation, One Namibia." Now, Mr. Johnston's letter, recently published in the Washington Post, evidences no more ignorance and perhaps less hysteria than most such communications. It has become fashionable for Christian reformers, finding no problems worthy of their piety close at home, to exhaust their passions upon the sinful South Africans five thousand miles away. Suppose we look at the record. Gross Misstatcmcnt What we are talking about is South West Africa. The territory stretches for some 900 miles along the west coast of Africa, south of Angola; it is twice the size of California, and is inhabited by some 750,000 persons. To suggest that these people constitute one "Namibian people," having a watchword of "One Nation, One Namibia," is so gross a misstatement of fact that one is astonished to see it emerge from the pen of an Episcopal churchman. Fifteen per cent of the people are white. . Forty-five per cent are Ovambos. The others are members of seven distinct- tribal groups - Okawango, Herero,' Caprivi, Bushmen, and others. The concept of nationhood, or "oneness,; 1 scarcely exists! What about this business of "usurpation"? A more frivolous charge seldom has been leveled in international law. South Africa has usurped nothing. JAMES KILPATRICK Sixty years ago this month, South African forces accepted the Germans' surrender of the territory. In 1920, by Allied direction, South Africa began to administer the area under a mandate from the League of Nations. The League went out of existence in 1946, six months after the United Nations came into being. Over the past 30 years, a gauzy theory has gained credence that the United Nations somehow succeeded in law to the assets and functions of the League. It is not so. No chain of title exists. The U.N. General Assembly has no authority whatever to '. 'terminate" the 1920 mandate. The Assembly has simply assumed that authority or, if you please, usurped that authority. No Substantive Powers The General Assembly, under the U.N. Charter, has no substantive powers. It can only advise and recommend. The U.N.'s (Trusteeship System might have some power over South West Africa if South Africa voluntarily had yielded its mandate, but South Africa has done no such thing. . Former Secretary of State Dean Acheson once described the U.N.'s various resolutions as to South West Africa as a mere "charade." It was a . kindly word. .In his view,, neither the General Assembly nor the Security Council had any lawful authority to rescind the mandate. Even if such authority could be inferred, it could not be exercised unilaterally. The late Mr. Acheson scoffed at the creation of "Namibia" as "an officious gesture without concrete effect." Washington Star Syndicate THE BETTER HALF By Barnes 'Don't go near him. If he sinks you might be pulled under by the suction." Followup In Portugal LISBON - The United States would be insane not to oppose a European security conference and block the scheduled summit, which - although delayed - remains Brezhnev's favorite project, unless it is preceded by a Soviet pledge not to interfere by any means in Portugal. In making such an attitude clear, Washington should meticulously explain it to states concerned, above all its allies. A law was enacted here last year banning foreign aid to any Portuguese political party. No 'legal evidence has so far been produced that this is being violated. Nevertheless, since the astonishingly free April elections (with 92 per cent of the electorate taking part) there are signs that the Communists, unflinchingly loyal to Moscow and led by a resolute Stalinist, Alvaro Cunhal, have increasing funds available. Pro- Communist army leaders seem intent on sponsoring their own form of "direct democracy," supported by Cuh- hal. The April elections produced fascinating results. The Socialists of Mario Scares, who support individual freedoms and a multi-party system, received 38 per cent. The Popular Democrats (centrist) got 26 per cent and the moderate right CDS 17.5 per cent, producing a discernible anti-Communist majority of over 71 per cent. Cunhal's Communists received 12.5 per cent and the Communist-front MDP 4 per cent, making a pro-Communist bloc of 16.5 per cent. The remainder was divided among fractions, including anti-Cunhal ultra-leftists. Portugal is still sleepwalking out of fascism's stultifying hangover. It became increasingly alive after the revolution's original frontman, General Spinola, fled last March following an abortive coup. But during both the 48- year-old dictatorship and an indecisive first year that followed, the Communists prepared to seize and subsequently seized key positions. Frustrated at the polls, they are again moving ahead unperturbed. They have managed to squash hostile media by strikes, warnings, threats, closing down the pro-Socialist paper "Republica," taking over the pro-Gath- olic radio station, and now backing a slow-motion army coup. The Communists seem to have generous sums available. "We Socialists receive no foreign aid at all," Soares says. "It is against the law. But I can't guarantee the Communists don't get it. They have lots of money. Of course," (sarcastically) "maybe their 700,000 members are richer than our own 2,500,000." The U.S. Embassy, headed by an energetic ambassador and minister who speak excellent Portuguese, has been put into a needlessly defensive position by an American government reluctant to seem as if it were concerned with local affairs, thus leaving the field wide open to announced adversaries. It>is silly *o get caught up in denials that Ambassador Carlucci is a CIA- veteran (which he isn't) or that we contemplate supporting secession of the Azores. Teddy Roosevelt, is dead. The crux of the Portuguese problem is not strategic - keeping available an Azores base important to the Middle East. It is a matter of preventing a Soviet-sponsored minority from stealing this little land away from its Western orientation. Unlike Italy's increasingly Marxist population, Portugal overwhelmingly showed it opposed Communism in April. Moreover, many European leaders, including the non-Stalinist Italian and (exiled) Spanish Communist bosses, Berlinguer and Carillo, joined such Socialists as France's Mitterrand and Germany's Brandt in favoring Soares over Cunhal. The USA is on the right side and the popular side; it should loudly proclaim it. The American Government isn't unaware of what's happening. President Ford was appalled when Admiral Coutinho, attending NATO's summit, explained that the armed forces movement here opposed parties - except for the Communists, who represented "the revolution." • The pending European security summit represents a Soviet desire to get formal ratification of the continent's existing political and ideological borders. "Ideological" means that, under the Brezhnev doctrine, Moscow can move (as it has done) against Hungary or Czechoslovakia (also East Germany, 1953, and Poland, 1956). Not long after Moscow squashed the Czechs, Secretary of State Rogers visited Prague's dummy regime, betokening approval. Washington tacitly accepted interventions of Soviet tanks in East Europe, But we djd not accept West Berlin's isolation and there is no reason to condone a far subtler intervention here. We want detente just as much as Brezhnev, but we don't have to pay twice for it. Talleyrand, furthermore argued that noninterference amounts to the same thing as interferenc;. This is not just a matter of justice or popularity but of geopolitics. If Portugal slips away from the relative freedom into which it has at last emerged, there is no telling what effect this might have on other NATO lands, above all in the Mediterranean area. New York Times Service Letters TO THE EDITOR Summer Theater Deserves Better Editor Journal-Standard: In any amateur, stage production there are some performances not quite up to par and some in which the cast can do nothing wrong. Ho'wever, it is difficult to believe, by his remarks concerning last week's FAST production of "The Roar of the Greasepaint—", that Mr. Raynard saw the same cast as those of us who viewed it Sunday night. From beginning to end, Sunday's audience was enthralled. The lively opening number sung by the chorus of eight vivacious teen-age girls set the pace. Not only did they have verve, but, in my opinion, their tone and quality were excellent. The show-stopping "Where Would You Be Without Me?" sung by Mike Boland and Rick Roderick approached a professional level both in staging and performance, and Rick's inferpretation of the poignant "Who Can I Turn To?" showed a depth of Reeling one would not expect in a high school boy. Freeport is at the hub of much ex- ' cellent summer theater, and the tendency may be to think that by driving a distance and paying more for our tickets, we will see a better show. That isn't necessarily true as was proved to us this past Sunday evening. The fact that the cast and crews were made up of youngsters 18 and younger made the performance all the more exciting. As Mr. Raynard said, "The show would be an ambitious undertaking for an expe- rience'd cast and presented quite a challenge for the youths.""! would like to add that the challenge was admirably met, particularly by the production director and music director who had obviously done their homework, but received no acknowledgment. Freeport Area Summer Theater offers a wholesome outlet for the energies -and talents of many young people, and I feel strongly that it deserves more encouragement and support from the newspaper and the community. If the 10 people who canceled their reservations Friday evening did so because of Mr. Raynard's review, it's a pity. They missed a marvelous show. MRS. FLOYD KANEY 1538 W.' Lincoln Blvd. EDITORIALS AND COLUMNS The opinions of The Journal- Standard are expressed in the editorial columns on the left-hand side of the page. The opinions expressed by the various syndicated columnists are their own, and no endorsement of their various views which often conflict - should be inferred. One Candidate With Modesty WASHINGTON - You might run for mayor of a small city or even for Congress out of a makeshift headquarters in the basement of your house. But everybody knows you can't run for President that way - everbody but Fred Harris. Harris, an ex-Senator from Oklahoma and ex-chairperson of what some people think may be the ex-Democratic party, is not,only running for President from the basement of his Virginia suburban house; he's also using the living room, dining room, study and two construction trailers parked in the back yard. In and out of this clutter of desks, phones, typewriters, duplicating machines and filing cabinets roam most of his 19 full-time staff members and sundry other part-time workers (of them all, including the full- time people, only two get small salaries, as compared to the, $50,000 monthly payroll recently reported fpr the Scoop Jackson campaign). When Fred Harris travels, it's in a style commensurate with his headquarters. On July 30, he's off with his wife and daughter for a 13-state, 44- stop, coast-to-coast tour that will bring him to San Francisco on Labor Day in the camper in which the whole trip will be made. He plans the nearest thing possible today, and within his means, to Harry Truman's famous "whistle stop" tours. Harris's means are not what you'd call opulent. According to his July 1 accounting, he has raised and spent, about $73,000, most of it in small contributions averaging about $20. That's a TOM WICKER drop in the bucket to what well-heeled candidates like Jackson and Sen. Lloyd Bentsen have stashed away. But, as explained by Jim Hightower, the young natipnal coordinator of the Harris campaign, "it's not how much you've got but what you get for it." What Harris has got for $73,000 is, first, a debt-free, self-sustaining operation. Second, he has put together volunteer organizations that he considers vigorous and effective in 18 states, including majors such as California, New York (where state coordinator Alex Goodwin says about 1,000 volunteers are at work 'organizing Harris committees in all 39 Congressional districts), Wisconsin, Massachusetts and New Hampshire. He expects to have 10 more states properly organized by raid-September and is aiming at all 50 by the end of the year. In fact, it is Harris's organizing, more than his do-it-yourself headquarters and his whistle stop camper, that identifies his campaign strategy. In one recent day in California, he says about 850 people attended various Harris organizing meetings, and a high . percentage signed green Harris pledge cards. The other night in Colorado he claims to have signed 175 committed supporters to pledge cards - while in a hotel room nearby another Democratic candidate was meeting with "about 12 fund-raising sources.*' That has been the Harris strategy to concentrate on organizing, while the other candidates have focused on raising the money - $5,000 in each of 20 states, in contributions of less than $250 - needed to qualify for federal matching funds under the complex new public financing law. As a result, Harris proclaims himself far ahead of any other candidate in putting together state organizations. And he thinks his pledged supporters he expects to have 50,000 signed up by the end of the year - give him the broad base he needs for raising his qualifying money. On the other hand, in his view, merely having raised the qualifying money early does not provide candidates like Jackson and Bentsen with effective political organizations in the various states. The Harris campaign is moving, however, out of its self-sufficiency or "living off the land" phase, into' a series of fund raising events - such as a $50 per plate dinner in Denver the other night - being arranged by the various state organizations. A first test mailing to 130,000 potential Harris supporters went out last week, the forerunner of a mailing to a million "possi- bles" in September. But the organizing goes on. Particularly in preparation for what Harris workers regard as the "first test," the meeting of the New Democratic Coalition in New York in December when the District of Columbia presumably will endorse a candidate. Harris hopes to score well, and go on to a good showing in the Iowa precinct meetings an January, en route to "pre-empting the left" in the later primaries. 8 That may be a high aim, coming from a suburban basement and a $73,000 campaign, but' Harris is remarkable in one other aspect, as well He is the only Democratic candidate with a bold new economic program one he thinks gives him a crack at the big pool of George Wallace voters About that program, more latqr. New York Tlmei'Servlce

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