The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland on September 6, 1939 · Page 2
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The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 2

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Hagerstown, Maryland
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Wednesday, September 6, 1939
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1 WU HAS GERMANS HOT Round-up Of Civilian] Males Polish Silesia Ordered Now With the Germany Army of the East, Sept. 6 (JP).~ A general order for the round-up of all civilian males of arms-bearing age in sec- Lions of Polish Silesia conquered oy the Germans was issued Tuesdav command because that by the military of persistent sniping. An officer accompanying me on .trip to the front explained the greatest single difficulty met by the German army i n its drive on Poland was civilian snip ing. For example, he said that yesterday here in Cz-estochowa there was a sudden burst of gunfire from houses which cost the lives of a German captain, several lieutenants, an undisclosed number of privates. Sniping had been resumed this morning and 30 men were conducted to the City Hall —now a German commande'ry—as among those believed guilty of participation. We followed them to the City Hall. Directly outside it I saw a German soldier keeping guard under a big tree. The protruding boots _ of a German lieutenant, a straw mat thrown over the body and a scabbard and blade lyin { - the boulevard below, German antiaircraft was set up in formidable numbers. At a corner lay two dead horses— which nobody had had time to remove. To the left of us a whole row of buildings showed broken windows and bullet-riddled facades While proceeding down the right side of the boulevard were about 30 Polish civilians closely guarded by steel-helmeted German soldiers, their rifles cocked. The Poles marched with their hands up. These were the 30 arrested as sniping suspects. When the order came yesterday afternoon that a plane was waiting for me at Tenipelhof airdrome I was first taken to the War Ofiice to have my gas : niask fitted and also to receive a first aid kit. At Tenipelhof (Berlin's principal airport) what a change since I last visited it! Once as busy as any railway station with commercial planes starting and arriving, east north and South, it now is a mili tary airdrome with planes painted a forbidding greenish black. The open-air restaurant now is empty I had been told that one of Ger many's most popular and bigges types of planes would be at my'dis posal. I found machine guns pro truding from the fusilage. Steel helmets, parachutes, first aid kits and gas masks extended a cheering welcome as we climbed aboard. Flying from Berlin via Breslau to Oppelu in Silesia was struck with the stoppage of traffic on the big Hitler super-highways—except for Army transports of all sorts. Nobody has the right to drive a private car unless he can THE DAILY MAIL, HAGERSTOWN, MD., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1939. Bridge Destroyed On Polish Front crossed over the mat, spoke in elo- show some mighty good cause. quent language of death. I then-was told that this lieuten The railway tracks, too, seemed empty. For miles and miles I saw ant was shot during the previous j n o passenger trains along this* nor- night as he worked at his desk close to a window. I came here as the first and only correspondent at present permitted at the front by the selection of three American news organizations in Berlin, who acted on the invitation of German authorities to permit a neutral American newspaperman to see what was going on mally busy route;only occasional freight trains. We passed some 20 military airports en route and everywhere bombers, pursuit planes, power divers encircled by batteries of anti-aircraft guns were ready at anj moment to take the air. It appeared that the Poles, • if they attempted to fly from upper BANKERS WILL Three Are Recruited By The Treasury To Help Guide Financial Policv Safeguarding School Bus Children Havoc wrought by encounters between German . . , , , ., an <* Polish forces is shown in this picture of a based bridge along the rapidly changing battle lines. The exact location was not disclosed, and whether the bridge was bombarded by advancing German troops and planes or destroyed by retreatln- Poles was not learned. Civilians meantime were eva cuating Warsaw as Nazis reported their chine was nearin g the Polish capital. (Photo transmitted from Berlin to New York by radioj war ma- Neutrality Proclaimed By President; mbargo Clamped On Arm Shipments Roosevelt Says Gaps In National Defense To Be Filled At Once; Sinking Of Ship Being Investigated. I flew in a military plane to Op-1 Silesia to raid Berlin, would have to jump at least 20 hurdles. We landed on an improvised air pelu, and thence traveled under military escort across the Polish border to Czestocliowa. I saw the famous Blaci: Madonna in Jasnagora Monastery in tend'e-d;"- Among them were sobbing, women. My military escort -and 1 hardly left'- the chapel when the grim reality of war broke upon us. We~ heard intermittent shots. On port at Stunebdorf where only few minutes previously S7 bomber had returned from a raid. At thi Czestochowa. The monastery and I and two other improvised airports cathedral .have not been harmed, nearby, my companion officer said As we entered the chapel we saw there were some 1100 military huge crowd of Polish worshippers planes of every description, attending mass. Some—both men A lieutenant colonel awaited us and women—lay prostrate, kissing with a car as we landed, the marble floor, their hand? ex- "No use going to Czectochowa many | today," he said. "We have reports that the civil population is sniping, had j I cannot take responsibility for the life of a neutral. So I will take you to Oppeln. By tomorrow (this was yesterday) Czestochowa will have been cleaned up/' All along the 13-mile route to Oppeln soldiers guarded every bridge and traffic police were in military garb. The Army had drawn on trained police from all over the country to regulate traffic in the military areas. Our lieutenant colonel's office was a converted school with cots in some rooms for officers; and' a field telephone hastily installed, and with military maps sprawling over the floor and deck. Over in a corner lay a few tro- hpies. Sanitary kits taken .from prisoners of war seemed very primitive and some of the rifles looked long outdated. Some cartridges were corroded. At this lieutenant colonel's headquarters I was forcibly impressed with the fact that war today is made with the most modern means of information. Attached to each Army group are staff photographers, cameramen and newsmen, because the war correspondents of the individual newspapers aren't permitted. In camp barracks and even at the front news is regularly broadcast to the soldiers; out along the first lines a loud speaker on wheels brings the latest news broadcasts. In addition, the various Army groups—at least this is true in Silesia—publish a daily four-page newspaper in editions of 25,000. The soldiers are said to pay each other half a loaf of bread or three cigarettes for a copy. The paper is distributed along a after rolling off 2 A. M. The city of Oppeln seemed uncanny in complete darkness. The blockade naturally is as complete On Sandwiches Made with smooth Second National Bank The Oldest Bank in Hagerstown See us first when you need your USED CAR HAGERSTOWN AUTO EXCHANGE 934 S. Potomac St. Phone 1133 WASHINGTON, Sept. 6.—Pres dent Roosevelt yesterday told th world of America's neutrality act' tight embargo on arms shipment to the belligerents and disclose that: , Gaps in the national defense are soon to be filled by increasing the Personnel of the Navy, now at only S5 percent of peace time strength, and augmenting the defensive garrison at the Panama Canal. A flotilla of World war destroyers will be reconditioned and recommissioned to take up the dramatic task of patrolling American territorial waters, presumably to see that they do not become the scene of violations of neutral rights by belligerent warships. Measures will be taken to combat propaganda aimed at the American form of government, espousing Communism, dictatorship and the like, and to prevent the United States from becoming a center for the gathering of information useful to the belligerents. In all, there* were three proclamations, the first, in accordance with nternational law, notifying the In- .erested nations that America would 3e officially neutral, the second in- T oking the arms ban of the ueu- rality law, and the third dealing with protective measures at the Panama Canal. Press Conference But, the President had a pres conference, too, and, seated at hi desk opposite a big map of Poland on which brown and black lines showed the progress of the fightin there, he outlined the additiona things which the administratioi has in mind, and commented on var ious aspects of the war situation as it affects the United States. One thing he made as plain as day: That the embargo automati cally supercedes any orders or con Get Ready For School New TALI, MODELS VARSITY TOWN and UNDERGRAD (Clothes for Younj; Men) John D. Myers & Co. fifty-mile front the presses at BANK 'M AGERSTQWN. MD as human ingenuity can make it. This morning at 4 o'clock we started for the Polish border. I had a first experience of what preparation for war means. The whole road to Czestochhowa, 55 miles away, was one long procession of Army trucks, officers' cars, horse-drawn provision wagons, marching labor camp lads, Army engineers., antiaircraft sharpshooters. tracts for aircraft which American manufacturers may be filling foi the nations at war. He made it clear, too, that Germany's denial that a Nazi submarine sank the British liner Athenia, with many Americans on board, is not yet accepted here. Invcstis tions are being made, he said, with officials of the American diplomatic corns in England and Ireland questioning survivors and otherwise assembling information. It was plain that a diplomatic pro- Hitler government was test to the possible. Not To Use Convoys In addition, the President disclosed that one decision had been reached. American naval vessels will not be sent to convoy American passenger ships through the submarine zone. Instead, the ships will have American flags painted on hull, decks and superstructure, will keep to the usual shipping lanes, will not darken ship, will not follow a zig-zag course, and will make no secret of their schedules. Under such circumstances, he added, ir, would be highly difficult for a belligerent submarine to make a mistake. BUY YOUR NO OTHER HOTR IH NEW YORK offers so much for so Ihtle. Spacious rooms, private shower and bath. Gymnasium, pool, terraces. Opp. Madison Sq. Garden. Reasonable restaurant. Fireproof garage. FAMILY RATE 3 IK A ROOM - PER PERSON —FROM— CUSHWAS' e 2200 and get THE BEST 2 in « room— t M fer Ftrt»n ... 7 — Writ* Dtpf. G4 f«r FREE 100-PACI IOOK "1001 FACTS ABOUT NEW YORK I FAIR" CAPITOL MYRON GILIERT, STREET It was another busy day for the Chief Executive. In early after noon, he signed the first proclama tion. After his press conference he signed the others. And always he was in touch with the State Department on developments abroad. Wants Embargo Removed In invoking the neutrality act, Mr. ROD'Sevelt gave effect to a law with which he is- in outright disagreement. He wants the arms embargo removed, so that all belligerents will have access to American markets. In practice this would mean that Great Britain and her allies could buy here, and that Germany could not. The British fleet would see to that. The President has announced h e will call a special session of Congress to rp- nse the law, but today he still left indefinite the date on which that would be done. Aside from the arms embargo, the law forbids Americans to travel on the ships of belligerent nations —after ninety days,—to furnish supplies to belligerent warships, or rant loans to belligerents. It lets the President, with some limita- ions, specify what war articles are iubject to the ban. Articles Listed Those listed in today's proclama- ion included virtually all kinds of rearms of more than .22 calibre, mmunilion for them, all sorts of ordnance, all aircraft and aircraft parts, warships, tanks, armored vehicles, flame throwers and poison gas and its-ingredients. Proclaiming neutrality in the Panama Canal zone, Mr. Roosevelt also issued an executive order designed to "prevent damage or injury to the canal." It authorized canal officials to take complete charge of transiting vessels, even to the point of ejecting the officers and crew from the ships. It speci- PLANT COULD SOON MAKE MUNITIONS Cumberland, Md., Sept. 6 (£>). —Charles D. Walton, manager of the Celanese plant here, said the factory, second largest employer of labor in Maryland,' could be converted to explosives production "in three weeks or a month." Walton added that production of explosives was not immediately in prospect and that manufacture of celanese, a form of artificial silk, would continue. The plant settled a dispute with its 9,000 employes Saturday and is beginning production halted since Aug. 5. Walton said the plant would not begin producing munitions unless the United States became "involved" in the war. fied that no more than six ships of a belligerent or its allies may be in the canal at one time,'and that no belligerent vessel may be in it for more than 24 hours. The activities mentioned included enlisting within the United States for service in a belligerent army, or inducing another to enlist, fitting out vessels of war for a belligerent, financing or participating in a military expedition. Belligerent warships in American waters may not engage in any military activity, may not visit American ports for warlike purposes, may while in port take on only normal provisions and mechanical supplies (no armaments or ammunition) and may remain in port, except in un- isual circumstances, only 24 hours Moreover, it is forbidden that more han three warships of a belligerent and its allies may be in a Unit- d States port simultaneously. To the ban on travel on belligerent ships by Americans, Secretary •lull announced an exception. Am- a ricans may use these vessel's, he aid, if travelling over waters other han those adjacent to Europe and other than those in the submarine zone. The first proclamation trality was issued in noon. FIVE VESSELS THOUGHT LOST Reports Tell Of Sinking Of British, German And Greek Ships. LONDON. England, Sept. 6 (/P). At least five ships—two British, two German and one Greek—have been sent to the bottom of the ocean in three days of Atlantic warfare with a loss of life estimated last night at 45. Rescue reports received in London and the United States showed 1.374 persons survived the torpedoing and sinking of the British liner Athenia Sunday night. ' There were 1,415 passengers and crew on the ship—including 311 Americans. These figures indicated a loss of 44 lives. The captain and survivors of the Athenia asserted a German submarine torpedoed the ship; the Germans claimed the liner hit a mine. One crew member of the British freighter Bosnia, a ship of 2407 gross tons, was lost when the vessel was sunk about 200 miles off the Scottish coast. Twenty-three were saved. The British Ministry of Information announced early today (Wednesday) that British naval forces in the Atlantic had destroyed three German ships "which might have been converted into armed raiders." It did not name them but it was assumed the three included the two earlier reported. The British also said "several" British merchant ships had been "attacked or sunk" by German submarines but again no names were given, nor was it indicated whether there was any loss of life. The other known war victims: Bosnia, 2407 gross ton British freighter, sunk about 200 miles off Scottish coast; crew of 23 saved. Carl Fritzen, 659 gross ton German freighter bound from The Netherlands for Canada or Buenos Aires; number in crew unknown, but all believed to have been saved. Olinda, 4,756 gross ton German freighter loaded with cereals and canned meat; shelled and sunk by of neu- early after- British cruiser Ajax; crew of 29 saved and taken by tanker to Montevideo, Uruguay. Kosti, Greek steamship, which struck a mine off Sweden; crew of about 30 rescued by a German ship. The Kosti Irad a gross tonnage of 1,555. The British freighter Andalucia Star was reported a day overdue at Rio De Janeiro. Valuable Realty Browder Tells Of Offer Of $250,000 WASHINGTON, Sept. 6.—The Dies committee was told here that i of Central avenue was sold at Sold At Auction A double frame house in the 300 a mysterious "Mr. Davidson" who claimed to represent a group of "wealthy Repblicans," offered to donate $250,000 to the Communist party in 1936 if it would make Franklin D. Roosevelt its candidate for the Presidency. Earl Browder. neatly tailored general secretary of the Communist party, testified that the offer was made to him a month or so before the 1936 convention. Browder also told the committee that he had traveled under ffelse passports but declined to answer tax sale yesterday afternoon by Auctioneer Fred M. White for $605. Berkeley S. Michael was the purchaser. Auctioneer White also sold the Easton property at Beaver Creek to L. H. Smith for $500; a lot at Woodland Way and Prospect to Preston Crunkleton for $350 and a lot on Lanvale street for $18. The chaser was John H. Fisher. pur- questions about, the time or place on the ground that he might incriminate himself. WASHINGTON, Sept. 6.—The Treasury recruited Tuesday three well known bankers to guide Federal fiscal policy through the difficulties generated by the European war. Secretary Morganthau told a special press conference that the three, who have given up all private business temporarily are W. R. Burgess, vice-chairman of the National City Bank of New York; Tom K. Smith, president of the Boatmen's National Bank of St. Louis; and Earl Bailie, of Wilton, Conn., chairman of Tri-Continen- •tal Corporation and a member of the investments firm of J. and W. Eeligman and Co. They will get no salary, but may receive expense money. Morganthau said none of the three would be burdened with administrative work, but would keep the Treasury in .contact with private finance and business and advise the Treasury. Burgess, who formerly was manager of the Federal Reserve Board's Open Market Committee, was made chief advisor on Treasury financing. Bailie, who was an assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury a few years ago, was assigned to watch the movemnts of international capital. And Smith, who not only was an assistant to the secretary at about the same time as Bailie but also is a former president of the American Bankers' Association, was made banking advisor. Rear of one of the hundreds of buses that transport Maryland school children to school, showing signs that warn traffic it must stop while children are being discharged or entering bus. Suit For Damages Is Filed In Court A suit asking $15,000 damages as the result of an automobile accident was filed in court yesterday by Nora L. Bailey against Jacob M. Wyand and Charles C. Wyand. The suit was docketed through Leo H. Miller, attorney. The plaintiff in her narr charges that the car she was operating on May 31 last was struck by an au!V mobile operated by Charles Wyand. agent for Jacob Wyand. The accident happened at an intersection of the road running from Williamsport to Funkstown. The plaintiff alleges she sustained injuries to the head, face and body and that she was permanently injured. She charges recklessness on the part of the defendants. FOUND NOT GUILTY J. Edmund Schnebly, well known farmer residing along the Broadfording road, was acquitted by Justice Harry E. Snyder yesterday on two motor vehicle charges. "I would like to call to the attention of every motorist the new school bus law which is now in effect," said Commissioner of Motor Vehicles W. Lee Elgin. "All school buses in Maryland are now painted orange and have the words SCHOOL BUS painted on the front and rear." "The law further provides," said Mr. Elgin, "that when meeting or overtaking a school bus that has stopped on the highway to receive or discharge children all traffic must stop 10 feet from the bus, front and rear, as the case may be, and remain standing until the children are received or discharged and the bus has again started. The only exception to this law is that motor- ists approaching a stopped school bust from the front on a dual highway are not required to stop. "In order to remind the motorists, the Safety Department has design eel a sign reading STATE LAW- TRAFFIC MUST STOP BOTP WAYS WHILE LOADING AND UNLOADING. I have contacted the superintendents of the Board* of Education in the 23 counties of Maryland and they have now purchased signs to be placed on the buses. I sincerely hope," said Commissioner Elgin, "that with this new law the children of our state can be transported to and from schools so that there shall not be any fatality or serious accident caused by some motorist who failed to observe this law." ' Fort Worth, Tex., Sept. 6 (jp). —An appeal for control of war propaganda'originating with foreign stations was made here by Elliott Roosevelt, son of the President. He asked Neville Miller, Washington, D. C., president of the National Association of Broadcasters, to confer with the Federal Communications Commission on the propaganda which Roosevelt said already had started. Roosevelt is president of the Texas State network. TO CLOSE STATIONS Ottawa, Sept. 6 (Canadian Press) (/P)—Officials oC the radio division of the Transport Department said last night amateur radio stations in Canada would be "closed down for the present time" due to war conditions. Some 3,500 affected. operators will be Southern Section Gets Heavy Rains The southern section o£ Washington county appears to have borne the brunt of Labor Day's storms although there was no appreciable damage except that caused by lightning. J. A. Miller, government weather observer at Keedysville. reported total rainfall of 3.G4 inches. While the Chewsville figure was only .72 of an inch, the total was in excess of the rainfall for the entire month of August. Mr. Miller said there was 1.2S inches of rain until sundown Monday evening and .36 of an inch dnr- ing the night. The rains put the ground in good shape for fall farm activities. AUTOISTS ARRESTED Gene Corsi. Vista street, this city, and Kenneth Ray, Waynesboro, were charged with reckless driving following an automobile collision at a Waynesboro street ntersection Monday evening. No one was injured. SPECIALS FOR SEPTEMBER We have selected five popular items which we are offering at Greatly Re- &TnwV1? i gaS , our Pff ent st °ck lasts during the month of September. Take advantage of these very low prices NOW. DE LUXE BICYCLE SUPER VALUE! Every boy who needs a bike should have the chance to see this one. Every father who has to buy a bike should look at tho value he can buy for so little. As pictured, It has a streamlined tank; full-sized head-light; sturdy luggage carrier; full chain guard; big, balloon tires with Inner 'tubes; motorcycle-type saddle; wide, chrome handle-bars; and also has the finest development in bicycle construction—the spring fork, which irons out bumps. Come in and see it! 5-Foot Step Ladder $1.25 Value Limited Quantity KoLhlntr nroiiml iho house. Is out of r«!«r;h when you have a. five-foot atep liulfler, and we have brought the price flown within the roach of everybody. Built rlfrlclly. It ha» it snllfl platform for your pnll, too. Don't miss this! All Purpose Work Gloves Two Pairs 29< 40c Value Big fist gloves with double palms, heavy canvas backs and knit wrists. Every pair carefully inspected for quality. Usually sell for 20c per pair. Ou sale this week only! Cord Set Limited Quantity Underwriter laboratory approved—six foot length fabric covered wire fits any iron or waffle iron. Get yours now! Genuine Leather—Official Size Football 98 $1.25 Value Every boy will want one. Only a few will get one. Our supply is very limited, so hurry before it's too late. No more will be offered at this price this year. Schindel, Rohrer & Co., Inc. 28-30 South Potomac Street Phone 706

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