The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland on September 6, 1939 · Page 1
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The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 1

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Wednesday, September 6, 1939
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DAY BY DAY U. 8. left Europe In no doubt today about Its neutrality. WEATHER Fair tonight and tomorrow; continued cool tonight, warmer tomorrow. VOL. CXI. No. 210. Published daily (except Sunday) by the Mall Publishing Co. Entered as »econd-clas» matter at the Hagerstown Postofflce. HAGERSTOWN, MD., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1939. SINGLE COPIES, 3 CENTS NAZI AIR RAID ON ENGLAND IS REPULSED FALL OF WARSAW IS FEARED IMMINENT A BITTER DEFENSE Invaders, Pressing From North, Expected By Nightfall FLEE^AJPITAL Officials And Civilians Flee Capital For Safer Areas. BERLIN, Sept. 6 (/P).—The capture of the German army of Krakow, a city often spoken of by th e Poles as "Poland's heart,' 1 was officially announced today. WARSAW, Sept. 6— (8:30 a.m., E.S.T.). — The situation in Warsaw steadily j,_'2w more ominous today with the ex-, pectation in some quarters that German troops pressing down from the north would arrive before nightfall. Poles, proud of their capital and hoping to save it from extensive damage from artillery fire, plan to defend it beyond the city limits to the best of their ability, but it was generally expected there would be a bitter battle. While Nazi troops were approaching- even closer they apparently had not yet reached the Bug river, 25 miles north ot! here. Tli is was indicated by the absence of explosions such as would mark the blowing up of bridges by the retreating- Poles. No retreating Polish soldiers have yet. been seen in Warsaw. A general staff communique asserted ."0 Polish planes had bombed Berlin and returned safely to their bases, hut no report was* made of any damage inflicted. (Official .Berlin quarters emphatically denied the German capital had been raided, saying it was ini- ( Continued on Page 10) TOURIST HURT IN COLL'SION Miss Marcell Schaff, 20, Washington, Injured In Crash Here. Miss Mareella Schaff. HO. of 4.31.7 Georgia avenue, Washington, D, C., was believed seriously injured about the head yesterday noon in a collision between the car in which she was riding with .1. B. Booth, 2S, of Welch, W. VH., and a milk truck operated by Kenneth R. Rcsh, 10, of Hagerstown, Rt. 2. The accident occurred at the intersection of the Cearfoss and Grccncastle Pikes, Booth driving his Buick coupe directly into the side of the truck, according to Deputy Sheriff Leister Isariogle. This morning Booth was charged with failing to give the right of way and fined .$5 by Magistrate M. V. B. Hosteller in city court. Miss Schaff was rushed to the Washington County Hospital. She is believed to have suffered a concussion, if not a fractured skull. Booth. Resh and Dallas Blair. 1-1. who was riding with Rcsh on the truck, escaped injury. COLLEGE HEAD DIES WORCESTER. Mass., Sept. 6 (/P). The Rev. Francis Joseph Dolan, S. J., -tfi, president of Holy Cross College since 1035, died unexpectedly today following an operation fo" a throat ailment. Death was t- tributed to a heart attack. WEATHER I). S. Weather Bureau Maryland: Fair tonight, and Thursday; continued cool tonight; somewhat warmer in the interior Thursday. Chopapoakc Ray: Partly cloudy tonight and Thursday; continued <*or>] tonight; somewhat warmer Thursday, moderate northwest winds ho<-^ ing north and north- rast Thursday, SHELLS, BOMBS BLAST CITY BUDAPEST, Sept. 6, (/P). — Diplomatic dispatches from Poland pictured Warsaw today as a city blasted by German artillery fire and scourged by incessant air raids, with German infantry pushing rapidly nearer through shattered Polish defenses. A swift thrust from the north had put the Nazis within artillery range of the capital and precipitated the evacuation of the government and. thousands of Warsaw's residents, the dispatches said. Staffs of foreign embassies and legations fled with the Polish officials, who set up new quarters at Lublin, 90 miles southeast of Warsaw. The United States ambassador. Anthony J. Drexel Bicldle, Jr.. whose home w r as bombed by & German plane Sunday, was reported to have been the last American to leave. An embassy em- ploye of unspecified nationality remained to guard American property and archives while the Ambassador, his family and staff went to Luck, 200 miles southeast of Warsaw. The Polish capital was described as destroyed partially by the pounding of the German guns. Planes kept up unceasing rain of bombs. An unconfirmed report said Marshal Edward Smigly-Rydz, head of the Polish Army, had tendered his resignation to President Ignace Moscicki. BOARD PLANS ROAD CONTROL Commissioners Confer With Road Engineer; Efficiency Big Aim. C. William Uetzer, newly-appointed road engineer, conferred at length with the Board of' County Commissioners yesterday afternoon on road plans and submitted a list of needed equipment. Mr. Hetzer was named last week after the Board voted to resume control of the lateral road system of the county. Subject to the approval of the State Roads Commission, the county will take over Octo- ver 1. President Win. C. Maugans of the Board of Commissioners reiterated yesterday that it is not the intention of the Board to revive the old supervisor system together with all its attending evils, but to handle the job of road building and repairing in a business-like way and as efficiently nnd economically a s possible. Mr. Maugans said he has no hesitancy in aaain assuring taxpayers of the county that county road costs (Continued on Page 10) SHE'S BACK IN NICK OF TIME A Washington County girl. Miss Phoebe Steffcy, of Williamsport, was among the lucky Americans who returned to the United States in the nick of time this week. Miss Steffey. who has been a passenger on the British freighter. "The Boniface," on its trip to South America and Portugal, arrived in England on August 24. She was fortunate in being able to book passage on the English liner, the Queen Mary, and arrived in New York on Monday. Early Tuesday morning she returned to Williamsport in time to report at the Williamsport high school, where she is a teacher. MINING TOWNS BOMBED. COPENHAGEN, Sept. fi (>P).—A German radio report said today the German mining cities of Eschweiler nnd Itolberg. near Aachen (Aix-La- Chapollei had boon bombod from the air. The Aarh^n district adjoins on Franco and is defended by ihe Siegfried line. WILL PATROL U.S. COAST BY SEA AND AIR President Orders Patrol To Spot Vessels Of Belligerents Off Coast WASHINGTON, Sept. 6.—Upon instructions from President Roosevelt, a patrol of naval and coast guard vessels and airplanes is being established to spot vessels of bellig-erents off the American coast. Stephen Early, a presidential secretary., announced that this step was being taken as a precautiona:-y measure and for informational purposes entirely. He said two destroyers and two coast guard cutters already had left to patrol waters off the northeastern United States. This program gradually will be extended to Puerto Rico, waters adjacent to the Antilles and the Canal Zone. Asked what might happen should an airplane or destroyer sight an English or German warship in waters close to America, Early said the government would be advised immediately. The Maritime Commission would be notified, he said, and American ships in the vicinity advised. ATHEN1ATOLL MAY BE 125 That Number Unaccounted For. Says Churchill Telling Of Torpedoing LONDON, Sept. G. (/P).—Winston Churchill, first Lord of the Admiralty told the House of Commons today that 125 passengers on the British liner Athenia, sunk Sunday night, are still unaccounted for. He asserted that a submarine torpedoed the liner and that it afterward "came to the surface and fired a shell which exploded on the middle deck." "1 regret to inform the House." he said, "that the disaster may prove to l)e of greater magnitude than was indicated by earlier reports." Churchill said there were 1,41S persons aboard the liner when she sailed—315 in the crew and 1,102 passengers, including approximate ly .'.!00 Americans. "It now is clearly established." said the Admiralty head, "that the disaster was due to an attack without warning by a submarine at 7:4B p. m. local time (2:45 p. m. K.S.T.) on the night of September .".." He said the Torpedo struck the ship near the engine room on the port side when she was 250 miles northwest of Ireland. Churchill asserted the Athenia was not armed for defense and carried no guns. SCANTIC LINE IS SUSPENDED NEW YORK, Sept. 6 (£>).—The American Scantic Line,^operating between New York and ports on or near the Baltic Sea, has suspended service indefinitely because ot the danger from mines and belligerent warships in Baltic waters. It thereby became the first major American marine company to suspend sailings because of the war. The Scantic. Line operates four passenger and three cargo vessels. Two are in port here and the rest | in Baltic ports or at sea. i All Aviil be returned here, how- ! ever, and tied up pending safer sailing conditions. Nazi Parachutists Sentenced To Death LONDON, Sept. t> ((/P)) —(Via I Radio)—The British Broadcasting j Company said today it had inter- l-cepted Warsaw radio dispatches | reporting a number of Gorman I parachutes who dropped behind Polish linos and dressed as Polish j soldiers had K~>on raptured. The dispatch said they had lu-on : mim-martialod and sentenced to i death. BRITAIN AND FRANCE USE SAME STRATEGY AS IN WORLD WAR WASHINGTON, Sept. 6 (£>).— Scanning reports from what they called Europe's unorthodox war, military experts appeared generally agreed today that Britain and France had settled down to a siege of Germany on their 1914-191S pattern of strategy. The principal weapons of the Allies were pictured as the blockade imposed by British seapower, French land operations, the pressure on the Balkans and other neutrals to make common cause against the Nazis, and attempts to turn German popular sentiment against Adolf Hitler. Hope For Rains. Poland, meanwhile, must bear the brunt of the German onslaught, hopeful that the invaders' progress can be slowed down until "general mud" comes to the defenders' aid with the arrival of autumn rains. The passage of three days with only preliminary sparring on the \vestern front prompted the experts to label the conflict unorthodox thus far. Full dress fighting \vas believed to be aAvaiting the first major air raids on industrial cities in France, Germany or England. The best informed persons have noted an apparent unwillingness of both sides to undertake such raids. They believe, however, that unlimited aerial warfare is inevitable. Meanwhile, an immediate attempt to smash Germany's so-called Siegfried line in the west appeared ruled out by a statement ascribed to General Gamelin, the Allied Generalissimo. He was quoted as haA^ing told a pre-war questioner that this Avould mean "another Verdun" at the very start, and indicated that France was un-Avilling to pay the price in lives. Reliable information here is that Germany has two-thirds of her land, forces -and a third of the air fleet operating in Poland. France alone is believed to haA^e upAvards of 2,000,000 men in her Maginot line facing the German forces in the Avest. COST OF WAR MILLION A MINUTE; EVERYBODY PAYS FOR IT By CLAUDE A. JAGGER (As.Mucintcil Press Flnnnclnl KrtHor) NEW YORK, Sept. G, (/P).—What is the cost of war, and who pays? These homely questions, with Europe once more in flames and speculators in Wall Street, La Salle street and elsewhere seeking to profit from a "war boom," seem vital. Most economists and statisticians bog down in trying to give pat answers, but the World War studies result in such figures as these: 1. One estimate places the cost, at 9275.000,000,000, based mostly on actual outlays of governments. This is about 40 percent more than the entire estimated national wealth of the United States in 1914. 2. Other estimates, trying to calculate such intangible factors as destruction of property and loss of life, reach figures commonly used only In astronomy. One figures amounts to $1,000,000 a minute for the duration of hostilities, or a total of $2,246,400,000,000. And as for who pays? Most economists say almost everybody. In the last World, War, England expanded its national debt by $34,- (Contlnued on Page 10) Wounds Husband ThenKills Self CARLISLE, Pa.. Sept. 6 (&).— The steward of the Cumberland county home was wounded seriously and his wife killed today in what Coroner E. A. Haegele described as attempted murder and suicide. Benjamin W. Rrymesser, F>2, was taken to the Carlisle hospital with a bullet wound in the head. Police Chief Charles E. Str-vk said Bry- mosser's wife, J-eannette, i>3. shot her husband, stood at a window while he was placed in an ambulance and in full view of attendants, killed herself with the pistol. Associates at ihe county home said Mrs. Rrymesser had been ill. CLIPPER LOADED PORT WASHINGTON". N. Y.. Sept. fi (/P).—Carrying a record load of 34 passengers, a Pan American Airways clipper left today for Lisbon, Portugal, where it is due tomorrow. Aboard was the actress Anna belle, wife of Tyrone Power, movie star, who expects to bring back her parents, and young daughter by a previous marriage, from France. BUSY ON BIRTHDAY. LONDON, Kept. G (/PV—United States Ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy observed his olst birthday today working in his office with coat off and short sleeves -rolled trying to get Americans out of Great Britain. GRAIN PRICES SOARING HERE Wheat Jumps Limit Again /Today; Speculators Being Blamed. \ TO HERALD AND MAIL READERS The Herald and Mail have perfected arrangements so as to provide thorough and comprehensive coverage of the war with the promptest possible distribution to readers. The regular editions will be published at the same hours as heretofore and extra editions will be issued only in case events of tremendous importance develop in the hours intervening. With the Associated Press manned by the largest and most experienced staff in history, the Herald and Mail are prepared to give latest developments to Washington county readers hours ahead of metropolitan papers. It is the policy of the Herald and Mail to give our readers the authentic and detailed reports of the war as far as possible in the regulsr established editions. EXTRAS WILL ONLY BE ISSUED WHEN DEVELOPMENTS WARRANT. There will be no extras UNLESS there are events of sufficient importance, Buy MORNING HERALD EXTRAS or DAILY MAIL EXTRAS and get the authentic war nev\-; first. Enemy Bombers Attack Nazi Ships Driven Off Increase Pressure On The Northern Flank Of Siegfried Line. LONDON, Sept. 6 (;?).—Reuters, British news agency, today said newspaper correspondents at Luxemburg and Basle reported a heavy artillery duel between the Maginot and Siegfried lines. Violent firing lasted all night in the Moselle region, they said. Paris, Sept. 6 (/p).—The French general staff announced today 'local advances" had been made by its armies pressing against Germany's Siegfried line. Communique No. 5, for the morning of September 6, issued by the war ministry, said, "some local advances were effected last evening and during the -night." Just as the communique was being read, at 10:48 a.m., sirens began shrieking an air raid alarm in Paris. It was the city's first daylight alarm since the war started Sunday and followed one in the early morning, in which firing of anti-aircraft guns was heard from the outskirts of the capital. A half-hour after the second alarm, enemy planes had failed to appear. French planes had roared off to meet the invaders. The alarms were said semi-officially to have been caused by the approach of German scouting planes which were turned back by anti-aircraft gnus. Firing was heard southeast of the capital. French attacks last night were reported officially to be concentrated on the northeast frontier, (Continued on Page 10) Wheat hit the peg or the limit in daily price increase shortly after the market opened this morning, bringing the price locally to 90 cents a bushel. Corn followed suit and hit 60 cents a bushel or 90 cents a barrel locally. Wheat has climbed on ihe local market from around 70 cents a bushel on August 17. Corn has not jumped so rapidly but is up about eight cents a bushel from the price of several weeks ago. Commenting on the rapid climb in grain prices because of the European war, Amos E. Bowman of the Eastern Grain Growers said this morning this in his opinion the increases are due largely to speculation on the part of market manipulators and people who hope to make easy money, as his reports fail to show any phenomenal buying on the part of the big mills of the country. j Mr. Rowman says he does not j look for any great increase in the price of grains such as experienced in the las* world war when Avheat ! soared to $3.25 a bushel on the Hagerstown market and corn to $2.50 a barrel. AFTER HOARDERS. LONDON, Sept. 6 .(#»).—Sir John Simon, Chancellor of the Exchequer, said in the House of Commons today that powers had been taken to put all private holdings of gold, foreign exchange and foreign securities at the disposal of the government. He announced the treasury and Bank of England had transferred 2SO million sterling in gold to a wartime exchange account. Apple Harvest Is Speeded Up Picking Late Summer Varieties; Profited On Peaches. The Hancock orchard region was a busy place today, with growers beginning yesterday, some of them today, to pick Grimes and Jonathans, late summer varieties, after a profitable peach season which is drawing to a close. Peaches commanded prices ranging from $1.25 to ?1.S5 with the demand for the fine quality frui: grown in the Hancock and Smithsburg sections unusually brisk. Most peach growers report a good profit from their crops. The outlook, however, for apples was not so optimistic, with prices not so high nt the present time and the possibility of very little of the fruit being exported this fall because of the war in Europe. England and France buy many apples grown in this section, but growers expressed doubt whether many will be shipped if the war continues. Anti-Aircraft Batteries And Fighting ^Planes Drive Off Raiders Early Today; Terrific Din Reported During Engagement Further Restrictions Imposed By Government On Britons; Not Surprised By Polish Reverses; Narrow Neck Vulnerable. LONDON, Sept. 6 (AP).—The Ministry of Information announced this afternoon that British anti-aircraft batteries and fighting planes had repulsed enemy bombers which attempted to raid the east coast of England early today. , Along the east coast anti-aircraft batteries opened up with a terrific din. Puffs of smoke from bursting shells filled the sky. Squadrons of British fighters went aloft and the sound of machine-gun fire could be heard. No aerial combats could be.seett BELEM, Brazil, Sept. 6 (£>).— The North German Lloyd liner Inn which sailed from here for Hamburg August 25 -was announced today to have been sunk in mid-Atlantic. The announcement added no details. Attaches of the North German Lloyd offices said the Inn carried a crew of 30 men. She was built with accommodations for passengers, but officials said they did not believe any were aboard when the ship sailed. The Inn is registered as a motor ship, powered with Diesel en- gtnes, of 2,867 gross tons and 295 feet long. She was built in 1929 and listed her home port as Bremen. Truck, Drill. Wrenches, Hat, Coat And Watch Stolen Here. The theft of a small International truck, an electric drill and wrenches, a hat and coat and a wrist watch were reported to police last night and this morning. The truck, owned by Edward Grabill. \vas stolen from the driveway of his home at 1021 Potomac avenue. The drill and wrenches were stolen from the garage of Cyrus G. Brandenburg at 35 Center street and were valued at $75. Paul Hogan, .100 block of North Potomac street, reported the theft of coat and hat from a parked car on West Antietam street. Alex Rice reported a ?35 wrist watch stolen from a cisar box at his restaurant on North Jonathan from the ground, however. ; The first air raid attempt on Britain came at about 6:40 a.m. (12:40 a.m., E.S.T.) "but the German bombers were driven off, it "was announced, before any bombs could W dropped. TWICE ATTACK CAMP OF BUND SELLERS VILLE, Pa.. Sept. 6. I'.-iP}."--Authorities expressed concern today over evidence of growing ill feeling between local resident.?: and members of a nearby German-American bund camp. Bund members, asking police protection, complained of two attacks on the camp in as many night!?. Sunday night, they said, a group of men stoned camp buildings. Two signs were stolen Moiidny night and recovered later in nearby Perkai?t\ The alleged incidents occurred after Fritz Kuhn, national bund leader, told a Sunday rally at the two-year-old meeting place that Adolf Hitler could "lick the world." GOES TO CUT j For an assault several weeks ago | on Town Officer Miller, Magistrate] Bowles at Hancock yesterday sentenced Donald Cronse, 23, of Big Cove. Fa., to six months in the Maryland House of Correction. MUST DISMANTLE SAX JOSE, Costa Rica. Sept. 6. (tP). —The Costa Rican government today ordered five German ships anchored at Puntarenas to dis mantle their radio stations. The ships took refuge in Costa Rican waters after Great Britain and France declared war. LONDON, Sept. 6 (5 s ).—Great Britain reported a series of quick sue- cesses today in a sharp offensive against German war and merchant vessels. An early morning communique from the Ministry of Information said British forces in the Atlantic had destroyed three German snips "which might have been converted into armed raiders." At the same time, It was ML* nounced Monday's bomoinj raids by the Royal Air Force on. two Ger* man battleships at the entrance to the Kiel Canal, linking the North. Sea with the Baltic, had turned out to be "even more successful than was originally reported.." Attacks by British warships on German submarines "in several localities" were announced In thw communiques which, said also that "several" British merchant ships had been "attacked or sunk'* by German submarines. The Cunard line yesterday disclosed its steamer Bosina had been sunk- Nazi Crew Saved A brief communique issued by the Admiralty announced the crew of 50 men of the Carl Fritzen, one of the German ships to go down, was saved. Names of th e other ships were not available immediately, The Carl Fritzen, due in Buenos Aires next Thursday to load a cargo for Germany, was believed a victim of the cruiser Ajax, also (Continued on Page 10) Food Poisoning Victims Recover Fifty Made 111 At Labor Day Picnic In St. Marys County, • LEOXARDTOWX, Md.. Sept. 6, ,i.-pK — Upwards of 50 persons who i su fibred food poisoning at a Labor j Day* picnic in St. Mary's county i were reported recovering today. | Dr. K. F. Greenwell of Leonardj tr.wn, who treated some of those who became ill. said his patients were recuperating. He said he had heard no reports of persons who were not responding satisfactorily to treatment. One person was treated at St. Mary's hospital here and dismissed later. Five others were taken to Providence Hospital, Washington, for treatment. All those affected had attended ihe annual Labor Day dinner and carnival at Holy Angel's Church at Avenue, 15 miles north of here. Father Joseph Herbert, in charge of Holy Angel's parish, said those who became ill apparnetly had eaten a salad the dressing of which had been spoiled by the heat, The condition of those striekem was described by Dr< Greenwtll af ^'distressing but not s<

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