Ukiah Daily Journal from Ukiah, California on September 27, 1987 · Page 2
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Ukiah Daily Journal from Ukiah, California · Page 2

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Ukiah, California
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Sunday, September 27, 1987
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Page 2
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2 -SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 27,1987 •THE UKIAH DAILY JOURNAL. Central American peace plan gains momentum By REID G. MILLER Aatoeltud Pram WrRtr SAN JOSE, Costa Rica (AP) — Spurred on by Costa Rica's president, Nicaragua and El Salvador are suddenly taking dramatic steps to comply with a new Central American peace plan. Many diplomats in the region see those steps as possibly leading to the end of two long and bloody civil wars. Their view is not shared by President Reagan, who sees only pretense in Nicaragua and no hope that its leftist Sandinista government will permit genuine democracy. Whatever their motivation, the Sandinistas in the past week allowed the country's only opposition newspaper and a Catholic Church radio station to reopen, and announced they would sbon put in place a partial, unilateral cease-fire in their 6-year-old war against the Contras. At the same time, the government of President Jose Napoleon Duarte of El Salvador and leftist rebels there agreed to meet Oct. 4 to discuss a possible end to their war, Soviets plan space specials to mark Sputnik's birthday MOSCOW (AP) — The Soviet Union plans two more space milestones this week before observing the 30th anniversary of the launch of Sputnik, the satellite that was the starting shot in the race for space. The Soviets plan to launch a craft carrying two monkeys to research space sickness before Sputnik's Oct. 4 anniversary. Cosmonaut Yuri Romanenko, who rocketed into space Feb. 6, is poised to break the space endurance record of 237 days. On Oct. 4,1957, Soviet scientists propelled the 184-pound Sputnik into orbit 560 miles above the earth, inspiring awe and opening the quest for the cosmos. Americans, shocked by the Soviets' apparent superiority in science and technology, could only stand and watch the glimmering steel globe that crossed the sky every 96.2 minutes. The Soviets followed their initial feat with a series of firsts—an even more impressive launch a month later, the first manned mission in 1961, the first woman in space, and the 'first manned orbiting space station. The accomplishments have accumulated regularly over the past three decades, and following recent U.S. failures in rocket launchings and the space shuttle Challenger, the Soviets appear to have solidified their position as the premier space power. Satellites today play a vital role in society, from telephone communications to tracking distress signals from ships at sea. "The first artificial satellite was an important event, not just for our country but for the whole world," Oleg G. Gazenko, head of the Academy of Sciences physiology department, said in an interview last week. Gazenko is a prominent researcher into the effects of space travel on organisms. The Soviets plan to mark Sputnik's 30th birthday with an interna- 'tional forum that will include delegations from the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the European Space Agency. In the years ahead, the Soviets plan an ambitious program of space exploration, including what will likely be the first colony in space. By the year 2000, "we will with- out a doubt have several orbital space stations," said Gazenko, who has been involved in manned missions since their inception. "I believe the major direction will be exploration and utilization of space and the first attempt at colonization of the moon or Mars!." Space colonies will be possible if they can produce their own water, oxygen and food, Gazenko said. Experiments aboard the Soviet orbital stations have showed water and air can be regenerated through solar power, but today's cosmonauts are able to produce only about 15 percent of their food, he said. The Soviets plan two probes next July to orbit Mars and release two mobile descent vehicles to collect photographs and information about the planet Commercial space ventures were previously almost exclusively American. But the January 1986 accident that destroyed Challenger and killed its seven astronauts has halted the U.S. space program. Soviet officials have offered to fill that gap in commercial services. Premier Nikolai I. Ryzhkov in January promoted the Soviet launching service and attempted to allay fears that the Kremlin would pilfer Western technology from the satellites. Ryzhkov told the Tass news agency Jtnat commercial clients would b^ allowed to ship their payloads into the Soviet Union in sealed containers and oversee their installation on Spvet rockets. The Soviet Union has tested a model <pf a reusable spacecraft, similar tb the U.S. sj ace shuttle, but little hap been disclosed about the project apparently designed primarily for military use. Soviejt manned flights have been progressively lengthened, and officials say six-month stays in space will become the norm. Romanenko, 42, is set to surpass the 237jday space endurance record on Wednesday. Three other Soviet spacemen — Leonid Kizim, Vladimir Solovev and Oleg Atkov — set the previous mark in 1984. Romanenko and fellow cosmonaut Alexander Laveikin blasted into space Feb. 6 and began an elaborate series of experiments aboard the Mir space station, the Soviets' second orbital platform that was launched 19 months ago. V s SMART LOOK... SMART BUY! NATURALIZED Orchid *1 2A 7-11 B 5-11 C 6-8 SIZES, WIDTHS VARY BY STYLE. "STORE WITH THE GUARANTEED FIT" $ % Orchard Plaza Center, Ukiah - next to Longs Drugs >:= 462-6138 | STORE HOURS: MONDAY-SATURDAY 10-6, THURSDAY 9:30-6, SUNDAY-11-4. % &W::*:*:*K*:T:#X<W^^^ now in its eighth year. Two previous talks in 1984 ended in deadlock. Together, the civil wars in El Salvador and Nicaragua have claimed nearly 100,000 lives, cost each country billions of dollars and disrupted the economy of the entire region. The peace accord aims at ending these wars and smaller conflicts in Guatemala and Honduras as well. "It seems to have acquired quite a bit of momentum," one Western European diplomat said of the peace plan. "At this point, I don't think anybody wants to be the one to pull the emergency cord, stop the train and say, 'I want off."' The diplomat, who spoke on condition that he not be identified, was one of many who once gave the peace accord little chance of succeeding in a region long beset by rivalries, distrust, war and superpower intriques. "I think I may have underestimated the regional and nationalistic pride involved," he said, referring to the five nations that have subscribed to the pact. "This is their baby, and they seem determined to make something of it." Indeed, even President Oscar Arias of Costa Rica, who authored the plan, didn't sound overly optimistic before he began discussing it with his fellow presidents from Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala in early August. Their scheduled meeting in Guatemala City had nearly collapsed two weeks earlier because of regional bickering and indifference. Only a last-minute, flying tour of the region's capitals by Arias in late July salvaged the summit. Then, two days before the presidents were to gather, the region was rocked by news that the Reagan administration was offering its own peace plan. Unlike Arias' regional plan, the Reagan plan was aimed solely at Nicaragua. It Offered to end U.S. aid to the Contras in exchange for a halt ' in all Soviet bloc aid to Nicaragua; ' dismantling of the Sandinista army;' democratic reforms and new, free elections. ' The pact was vaguely worded. The foreign ministers of the five countries have met twice without ' agreeing on how to implement the measures. Albertsons The Apple Hill Story between b?s P t and put iX cold slBrageJirectto Albertsons. lor you. Also you pay have noticed the wax on lirst i'aw •spnieniuu me n,.. .„ ..i lull swing In OcK"andwmi ranches open through ' Itheyear. PPL We're peeling prices to the core! APPLE HILL RED OR GOLDEN DELICIOUS APPLES Perfect For Eating Or For Pies 1/2 BUSHEL BOX 479 All You Can Fill Pick Your Own! ea. FRESH APPLE HILL APPLE JUICE Unfiltered, Unpasturized 100% Natural Fresh Squeezed And Pressed RANCH SALES LOCATIONS NON SALES RANCH PICNIC AREAS CHRISTMAS TREES APfll HILL SCENIC WIVE When visiting our (arms the Apple Hill* growers ask that all vehicles be parked completely or) paveed road surfaces. APPLE HILL' GROWERS PRICES EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 27 THRU SEPTEMBER 29, 1987. 1 1*

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