Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois on April 15, 1897 · Page 4
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Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois · Page 4

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Thursday, April 15, 1897
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- "~ = ~~ ).T~ ^_rf~ £ "^ JBwlMiBdf ftttkt pn«f»iPee «*Ster H»<? ,1 U., n* »«•, ntl et. Tet », THJ5 flie Republican Cfftmty Central Committee ft the Cannttes of Carroll, Jo Davless, I.**, Ogl», Steplwnson, WhitesMe «nd Wlnneb»eo. are t<> esind delecates to tho Judicial Conyenuon for the Jsth Judicial Circuit o{ Illinois, to be helcFat Rrxjkfoni on Thursday, April 2t>, 1897, at to o'clock p. m.. to place in nomination threft candidates for the omre i»I Jndees of the Circuit Court for the J3th Judicial Circuit of Ihe State of Illinois. The basis of representation will be one dele- v gate for erery 300 RepubHeftn votes cast at the last Presidential election an<J one for every fraction over 1M, on which basis the several counties will be entitled to-the following number ot dele- fj^roll... 3,314 11 JoDavle* : 3,594 12 1,0* 4,797 16 Ogle. 5,210 17 Steplienson 4,728 18 Whiteslde 6.S77 19 Wlnnebago 8.242 27 J. H. STRAUSS. Chairman. R, J. SENSOR, Secretary. Judicial aud Senatorial Apportionments. It was proposed yesterday in the Republican caucus at Springfield to call back the Judiclatapportionmentbilltn second reading and amend $t BO that Jasper and Clay counties be pat into th« fourth circuit. It is said that the bill will pass this week. . In a letter to Speaker Curtis, Governor Tanner Bays relative to Senatorial apportionment: "I desireto say that, so far as lean learn, those who claim that snch apportionment would be unconstitutional and, if passed, would be so construed by our Supreme Court', all seem to rest such opinion on the provision of, the constitution which provides for "an apportionment which must be made «t the session of the Legislature next .•following after each decennial census.' "In reply to this point or objection, I 'think that the Legislature may amend ' any and airp~alpable~vlolation8.-of-the- •constitution at a subsequent session. The decision of the Supreme Court two years ago was, as I now recollect, that it had no jurisdiction in the case; that the Senatorial apportionment was a purely- legislative matter, and that the General Assembly alone controlled it, and that its action covered the whole ground aud left nothing that the Supreme Court could handle or interfere with, hence the bill was dismissed for want of jurisdiction. The' impreaslbn left on my mind from my recollection of the opinion is that the only relief from an unjust and bad constitutional • violation act must proceed from the General Assembly. The constitution specifically provides that the Senatorial districts must bo of compact territorial Chape and contain as nearly as practicable equalpopulation, but the apportionment act of 1893 grossly and defiantly violates these mandates. "The Supreme Court did not dispute those facts, but declined to pronounce on them on the grounds of lack of jurisdiction. Suppose this-Legislature simply amends the present act, setting forth in the title of the bill that it is an amendment of the law in certain districts, and then proceeds to make the changes as few as possible, to make the law- comply with the plain mandate of the constitution. How can the Supreme Court interfere to set those amendments aside and restore the unconstitutional provisions of the old law? On what grounds can the court do this, when the very amendment it- eelf will show that it was done to have the act comply~^witrf~the~letter and epirit of the constitution? It seems to me absurd to claim that the Supreme Court will interfere to restore the unconstitutional provision of the act of 1893, when that court has already decided that It had no power to interfere to set aside this unconstitutional apportionment. "I really feel that it would almost border on the present crime if this Republican General Assembly, adjourns without taking action upon this question, as the old bill creates twenty Republican districts and thirty -one Democratic districts based on the present sentiment of the State'from 1876 to 1893. The Republican party has been at high water mark at the last two elections, 1894 and 1898; the pendulum will swing back, now that the Republicans are in power In the Nation and th/e State at least, to the average of the present sentiment in the State from 1876 to 1893. '•••..,". . , Therefore, under the circumstances, if I have stated the question correctly, under the presentapportionment.we are not likely to have another Republican Legislature for the next tea or twenty years, and Illinois during that time, after the expiration of Senators Cul- lom'a and Mason's terms, will be represented in the United States Senate Ly two Democrats. • - -1 am very anxious that you auo? all other active Republicans take such au interest in this as to pass the bill without delay. 1; '_ . ; ; ' .._ ' .'.. , OPJie X,U>el Bill Again. That brace of political pirates, Jimmia Jamison, Billy Lorlmer, Hank Hertz »n4 Jim Pesae.uot aatiatied with the several defeats 'they have experienced sijceti leavingObicago and branea- r &Eg cm! mtoState &ork, are again pre ta learting wflthont reference to It will come up on final next Tuesday. The honest 1- tdslator Is onto his job by thia time, ttud, by the light of past experience, Ia ready to take care of ail gang legislation which may be presented during the remainder of the session. The king of a day is now the servant of the people. He can do no harm. In regard to this bill the Tribune haa this to tay: "Senator Lundin ran for City Clerk last Tuesday and was defeated by 55,000 votes. This seems to have put him out of humor with the newspapers, because no sooner had he returned to Springfield than he introduced in the Senatn the Revell Libel bill, which failed In the House. "This is a bill designed to make the libel law what it waa prior to 1895. Then if a paper printed statements concerning any person which were actionable it was assumed that it did so knowingly and maliciously, and un ess it could rebut that assumption to the satisfaction of a jury it was liable to be mulcted In heavy punitive damages. "The law of 1895,whlch Lundln wants repealed, simply puts newspaper publishers on the same footing with al other defendants in damage anits,where the plaintiffs are required to prove malice before they can recover damages therefor. "Lundin may have introduced this measure on his own motion. While he waa badly beaten Tuesday, it was not because of anything the papers said about him. He waa very tenderly treated. He should be thankful for their Leglect. They said but little arid that little was not as strpng as It might have been. 'Possibly the few brief statements to the effect that he should not have been put on the Republican ticket may have soured him, or possibly he is acting under orders. Some boss whose toes have been trodden on more heavily than Lundlns'. were, and whom the newspapers have handled without fzloves r may have told Lundln what to do-and-he-has-obeyed_lnatrjicUt)n8jChe_ Senate gave his bill a kindly reception and sent it to a second reading. But if it should pass that body the House will squelch it. as It did before. The bosses have even less influence there than they had before Tuesday's election.!' Globe Bank Failure. In speaking of the connection of ex- Gov. Altgeld. with the failure of the Globe Savings Bank of Chicago, the Canton Register says: . "The Ifailure of- the Globe Savings Bank of Chicago, brings to light the true character of John P.Altgeld's pretended interest in the cause of higher education, which he appeared to manifest when Governor. This is done by the sensational developments regarding the endownment and other funds of the University of Illinois held by its Treasurer, who was a creature of Gov. Altgeld, and who was President of the Globe Savings Bank; which was organized by;Altgeld and specially favored by him while Governor. The money appropriated for the University of Illinois was permitted-by him to be drawn out of the State Treasury to be used in the bank, although it may not be necessary to expend the' same for a year or more. This, too, when the State Treasury was short of fund sahdthe State was borrowing money to pay its current expenses. In addition to this Gov. Altgeld, in the "inter est'of higher education, secured unusually large appropriations for new buildings at the State University and for other improvements. Which appropriations were promptly transferred to the Globe Savings Bank Ipng before needed, and in consequence the chances are that much of this money will be lost to the State. " The fact that the bank now carries among its doubtful assets a note for 919,000 signed by John P, Altgeld, the "business Governor," that was secured by discredited Unity Building Stock, and the further fact that the bank owes §20,000 more of the same kind of stock, leads to the conclusion that the Governor did not Interest himself in the cause of higher education for hia health. And now comes the report that 8100,000 endowment fund bonds have disappeared. These were in the custody of the Altgeld Globe Savings Bank. The people of Illinois will not 'soon want another "business" Governor of the Altgeld stripe. And this man will continue to dominate the Democratic party of Illinois. Judicial Apportionment. Some of the newspaperss are attacking the new judicial apportionment bill saying that it is an unnecessary luxury that will cost the people of the State an extra one hundred thousand dollars a year. In regard to this bill which will become a law the Triburie says: The House Republican caucus has voted to pass the judicial apportionment bill as it came from the Senate. This is -A measure in which the country members are greatly interested and ia which the Cook- county members aie not interested at all, Therefore if the former are satiafled,as they seem to be, the later should acquiesce. It haa been asserted that the district? are unequal in population. So. they are, But for obvious reasons an inequality which would be inexcusable Jii the case o£ '{Joagressslontil or Sanatoria! districts, the jjeriKms elected Th* ri>r»oM}ntlnn r*»<* rt frt!iw! the b c fw*"»n judicial atii t!ve upportlonvnents when it provides that the jndicial circuits shall be "fn as nearly compact form and as nearly equal as circamltancsa will permft, haviag due regard to business, territory and population." It will be seen that business Is more to be considered than population in making the &pport!onment,and rightly BO. For the judges arejelected to hear cases and not to represent voters. If 800,000 people in one part bf the State have no more litigation than 100,000 people in another part, the latter should elect as many judgesjasthe former. This io the reason why the circuits In the Northern part of the State are smaller than the more purely agricultural circuits farther South. In the Northern counties are manufacturing communities, whlgh originate ten times the business an equal number of farmers do. The corporations, which make so much work for the courts, are almost all in the small circuits. It has not been alleged that the circuits will be unequal in amount of business to be done. It may be assumed, therefore, that they are "equal and that the lawyers who made the new apportionment have done their work well. Cook county members and Chicago newspapers are not called on to criticise that work. It is objected also that there ia no need of additional circuits and Judges. The objectors seem to forget that the present circuits were established twenty years ago, Since 1877 the population of the State outside Cook county lias increased considerably, especially in those manufacturing sections where the greatest amount ot litigation originates. In 1873 there were twenty-six circuit Judges outside Cook county. There are thirty-nine now, but nine of there haa been an addition of only four circuit Judges in twenty-four years. It has been found necessary to multiply the number of Judges in this county and yet they are far behind in their work. It would be strange if an increase is not needed in the rest of the State. The country lawyers know best and the Chicago members should let them settle the matter to suit them-' selves. Living: Science for Dead Language, Yassar College has announced that hereafter students will be'admltted to oiler a year's work in physic and chemistry in lieu of a third foreign'lan- guage that the faculty was contemplating adding to the course. "" ' ; - jl 'Dr. Nightingale, chairman of 'the National .Committee" on college entrance requirements says in regard to the action of Vaesar: "The traditional subjects, Latin, Greek and Cmathenxathics, while los- log nothinyof tWifdlgnity and force, .are no longer to be the,'be and end all' of higher education. The high schools are to be allowed to work out their own problems, accordlug to the demands of the people and the environments and natural aptitudes of the pupils and the colleges must accept the results. Modern languages, science, and history are to be made, in college preparation, full equivalent for Greek, and possibly Latin, and the higher mathematics. The decree has gone forth. Harvard, Cornell,—Vassarpthe University of Michigan and the University, of Chicago, accept the situation and acknowledge the logic of the position the secondary schools maintain. To Favor Old Soldiers. Representative Cochran, of Moultrle, county and Department Commander of the G. A. R , has introduced in the House an amendment to the municipal civil-service act allowing ex-soldiers and sailors of the late war and rebellion to have a preference over other applicants for places under civil service in municipalities.' Cochrah's amendment is as follows: Persons who were engaged in the military or naval service of the United States during the years 186J, 1862,1863, 1864. or 1865, and who were honorably discharged therefrom.shall be preferred for appointments to civil offices, provided they are found to possess the business capacity necessarry for the proper discharge of the duties of such offices, and it shall be the duty of the examiner or examiners certifying the list of ellglbles who have taken the examination, provided for In this act, to place the name or names of such per/ sons at the head of the list of eligibles certified for appointment. Comrade Cochran Is a friend to old soldiers; be knows what it cost to be an old soldier and he is going to help smooth the rough places if he can. More Trouble For Mr. Mason. L. W. B.,.in bis able correspondence from Washington to the Inter Ocean, putr io this choice morsel; Siuator William E. Mason has other troubles than those of office-seekers, which require diplomatic handling. The other day the Senator's eight-year- old eon, Rqderick, called him up over the long-distance 'plioue from Chicago <Mtd iafarrn&d him that the Globe 8av- isgs Bank U*d "busted." The th<* !»t»y, "T fff, my srm s you saving," "Well, It, wss all in the bank/' "Yes, I am sorry about it," "Whst made the bank fail, pop?" "I have not been able to determine from the reports," "Dt> you think they lost the key to our box, or weren't there enough policemen ?" "I'm sure I can't tell, but it looka to me like a case of not enough policemen to keep bank cashiers from getting away with the money of depositors." "Well, pop, my 818 Is gone, or mother says it is." "Yes, my boy, I am very sorry for you." "Well, do you think I'll get that wheel, anyway ?" There was a break in the conversation there, while the Senator thought for a moment aud then in an absentminded way he fell into the old rut and replied: "Well, get the indorsement of your Congressman and Senator Culloin, and I'll take you to the White House." The boy may still be in the dark about his prospects for a bicycle, but so are many Illinois politicians about their prospects, who have heard this same reply from Washington* THEODORE ROOSEVELT, of New York, appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy, is distinctively a man of brains, approximating the "model" as portrayed recently by Dr. F. M. Bristol in his lecture on "Brains." Born and reared In the "lap of luxary"—tir at least possessed of all the requisites to acquire the "lap of luxury"—of bouy- ant spirits, a lover of all manner'of sports, educated in all the higher arts, even to the so called "fads," he was never a dude or a dwaddler, but every in£hj^_rjaarjLOf gieat power ancLabllity IcfeveTy I|ne~whlch called that ability into action. As early as 1884, when just passed his majority, young Roosevelt became prominent in the Republican National Convention as opposed to "machine" politics, on which lines he has since worked, but never to that extent as to make himself obnoxious, as an extremist or fanatic. Earnest in his endeavors.consclentious In his acts, he has impressed the people as honest in all undertakings.and with all things, social or political, with which he has had to do.tbey have been bettered by his contact with them. It is such appointments as that of Mr. Roosevelt that will make the administration of President McKlnley stable and 1 popular; it is such appointments that Will raise the standard of politics. The New York Sun, refrerring to the appointment says-: ', .'.Mr, Roosevelt is an intelligent, upright, and conscientious statesman, as he has amply proved in previous positions, and especially in that, of Police Commissioner in this city. Thanks especially to his energy, wisdom, and fidelity.the police of New York.ln spite of every ditllculty and every obstacle, is today much better than -it has ever been before; and Secretary Long is to be congratulated on having secured In the Navy Department an assistant so intelligent, so industrious, s*o unpretentious, so free from all forms of commonplace, and so devoted to the highest Interests of the American republic. IT is manifest that the present Legislature intends to re-district the State Judicially, Senatorially and Congress- tonally, but they are very slow In the nothing has been done beyond the Ju- dlcial apportionment, which in the first instance was such a bill as to call forth the opposition of Gov. Tanner, not BO much because of its befng a bad measure, but for the personal reason that Clay county, the home of the Governor, was placed in a Democratic district. This opposition has been withdrawn, and the bill as originally introduced will, in all probability, become a law during the coming week. For the Senatorial and Congressional apportionment, or, rather, on amendment to the present law, no bill has yet been introduced. A plan of apportionment has not so far been formulated for committee consideration. It is the .intention to adjourn the present General Assembly the latter part of May or first of June, If this plan be adhered to but little time remains for this very Important legislation. Too much care cannot be taken in the formulation of districts, Territory should be contiguous, and every effort made to steer clear of such legislation as makes the present law obnoxious. It should not be an apportionment eo one sided that the plea of gerrymander for partisan purposes may be raleed, as is justly charged against the existing law. The adjustment should be not only fair to political parties, but looking also to the convenience and conditions of the counties mak' lag-up the districts. ---------- . GERMAN professors are against admitting women to their college classes. The history professors are least willing, saying "that the study of'history involves qualities which no woman can possess;" therefore, the opposition report, "absolute opposition to the admission of women to academic studies or any learned profession." Intelligent, ambitious German women should come to the Unit'ed Btates; their own countey does not keep up with (be that, hg Is not all right, A J$EW YORK publishing firm set up, ptinte4 and bound 2,000 copies of a book of 350 psg&n In forty-eight hours. THE city ot Boston has bought a printing plant for 831,000. A municipality owning a printing plant Is something new. - • • THE New York Tribune and the Philadelphia Leger did not give space to any write-up of thtf Fltzslmnaons- Corbett exhibition at Carson City. FRANK. MuNSEY.the proprietor of Muneey's, the Puritan and the Argosy, has moved hie big printing plant from New London, Conn,, to New York City. • ^ _^ THE faculty of the Northwestern University at Evanston is trying to have the students of that institution devote an inflnltismal portion of their tiroe to study. _^ THE President has returned from bis short vacation and there is nothing said about the-number of Innocent birds slaughtered and not even a suggestion as to empty demijohns. THE situation along the Mississippi river is very perilous. |Thousands of people have been made homeless by the high water and in many; places there is danger of the leveea breaking. SEVERAL Judges andJClerks of election in Cook county are under arrest on various charges of corruption perpetrated on election day. They should be punished to the full extent of the law. THE Lundln libel bill, which .was considered~by specIaForder. o"n day, was, after considerable wrangle, sent to the committee on judicial department and practice. There it will probably die. THE judicial apportionment bill was called up Tuesday, b^ut owing to some Republican opposition, further action was deferred until Wednesday. It is surmised that the Governor does not like the districting of certain counties in the Southern part of the State. . SINCE the late election in Chicago, two local statesmen are rebursting forth into prominence; they are the, Hon. Hlnkey Dink and the Hon. Batji House John. The greatness of Chicago is shown when it is an acknowledged fact that she progresses in spite of her peculiar statesmen.. THE President has appointed Sena* tor Wolcott, of Colorado, 0. J. Paine, of Massachusetts, and Ex-Vice President A. E. Stevenson, of Illinois, as envoys to foreign governments to~try_ and bring about an international monetary agreement. This act shows that the President ip anxious to favor any agreement in regard to silver that will be sanctioned by the controlling nations of Europe. His immediate action is commendable. THE Judicial Apportionment bill was called up in the House on Thursday. On motion it was recalled to second reading and the amendment, changing the location of Jasper and Ca38 T cpuntles,-was dropped-from the, bill as it originally stood, and as published ia these columns some time ago. As virtually the Senate bill, it passed to third reading, It will, undoubtedly, be placed upon the final passage some time next week, W. S. FORIIAN, who was the-Gold Democrat candidate for Governor in Illinois, will soon retire, from the position of Commissioner of Internal Revenue. There is a disposition on the part of President McKinley to. properly recognize the Gold Democrats and very naturally he looks to Mr. Forman as the proper man to award. It is now practically settled that Mr. Forman will euoceed Horizontal William Morrison on the Inter-State Commerce Commission. ' •>' THE Board of Regents of the Kansas State Agricultural College has summarily dismissed fifteen professors of that institution, including the President, who has had charge of the college for eighteen years. The Board's "cause fordlsmlasal" was that the discharged instructors "were not in harmony with the fundamental principles of the idministratiqn." It is to be remembered that the present "administration".in Kansas is Fopulistic. These teachers probably did not vote the Pop ticket. ' . • ; • -IT is time for the United- States to show A firm hand in Hawaiian-matters, The Japanese want the islands and that Government lately has been chipping coolies -Into the islands at an alarmiogTate. There are more Japs on the island than any other nationality and as the leaders are agitating the question of popular vote, it is plaiu to see what the Mikado Is aiming at. The government of the islands refused -the admission of a ship load of coolie? and the Japanese goveraineat ISM decided to send two war vessels to Tb»n young Carter HUrntoa wcn't THE Union Leugtie Club, of Chicago, by a tote of 162 to 19 protests &gAia»t. the pasaags of the Humphrey street railway mite, „• THE money market, of Londoft, la reported unusually easy. The rate' 6f Interest of the Bank of England Is belpg reduced. "BRIGHTNESS without coarsenftsty vigor without vulgarity, and 'enter- prise'without sensationalism," is th* new motto of the New York Mall sndi Express. ,__ i ______ THE Hon. W. J. Bryan, it.,Is said, threatens to turn David Bennett Hill outot the Democratic party. How can Bryan, a Populist, turn A man down who is in another party? 'A TORY member of Parliament made a speech the other day In' regard to the-exclusion- of -American meat;.- He declared that"'tola imported meat "caused cancer and other dreadful diseases." SENATOR, JUSTIN 8. MORRILL from Vermont IB eighty-seven years old. He is the oldest man in Congress and It is eaid that he is the oldest man that ever sat in Congress. Mr, Morrlll has been V In public life forty-two years—twelve years In the House and thirty years in the Senate. He is bale wad hearty. . INDICATIONS are that,the coming G. A. R. encampment at Galesburg, May 4, 5, and 0, will be a very large gathering of old soldiers. The citizens of Galesburg have subscribed about 82,000 to pay the,bills "and the City Council is expected to appropriate several hundred dollars toward the greaT occasion.,*." RHODE ISLAND was the only State " holding a general election on last Tuesday—an election In which party lines < were drawn and clearly defined. 'The Republicans were victorious In the ' election of Governor by a larger majority than was ever recorded in the State. The party of protection and prosperity Is very milch In evidence. • • IN speaking of the cause of Democratic success In Chicago, amongjdther • things the Tribune says: 'The cry of "machine" split the party in two and kept thousands of .. • Republicans from the polls. With one , , regular and. two independent candi- -• ; dates in the field, > all receiving none but Republican votes, while the* Demo- ' ' crats were united oh their man, the la(- • ter had every advantage on his elde.and « yet he received less than 3,000 major* Jjfc- JI. M _ ' _ • •' _ _ '• * . ' ' "* ' * i * / . _ ~ """ ~ THE dead-lock In the Kentucky Legislature continues. With a Ilepub- lican majority of four on joint ballot It eeems ^utterly ^Impossible -to— electi Hunter, the caucus nominee. Six Republicans absolutely refuse to give Hunter support, nor are they able to . carry sufficient strength with them to elect anyone else. Once or twice Hun- tef has come within -one vote of an. election, through the aid of gold Dem- , ocratB, who will not support Blackburn, the regular Democratic caucus noml- '• nee. The chance of a Democratic Sea* ator from a Republican Legislature becomes more certain every ' day the balloting continues, Blackburn ie likely to succeed himself. - Bisitor FALLOWS in a short speech, before, the Union League Club, of, Chicago,said; "I will not defences-' travaganoe or monopolies, but I do not believe, all the same, that our cioun- >, try is going to the bad. The press and the pulpit are alive to the needs of the hour, and a solution can be found for the social and political problems that confront us. There is no consumption in the blood of America. She haa no organic disease of the heart. The light of truth is in her sparkling eyes. She clasps her children, both JSorth and South, in one unbroken, filial, fraternal union. She holds the torch of liberty aloft aud all the uutiona of the earth are walking in its light. ^The perpetuation of the republic is secure. The principles which gave It life are, deathless and divine. . EDITOHIALLY the Inter-Ocean truthfully says: < The need of the people and the country is work. And so long as we continue to employ foreigners to make , the iron and steel goods, the cotton and woolen eloth that we use and wear, there cannoTbe'sufflcient^vork for our owes people. Settle the tariff upon ft firmly protective basis, and American mills and factories will open, as BOOH, that is to say, as the vast surplus of importations that now crowd the warehouses ie disposed of. Every day as hour wasted by the Senate ia debate upon, or ip tinkering with, the new tariff law is a day or hour added to the time of stagnation from which the people now suffer. The Oral thing to be done Ss to w* store Auieiicttu trade to the b&iids of the American people; when t.hu,t to done it may be in order to consider tb.6 quality and quantity of tho for wtsloh goods 'wpfi J&bor are changed, & >'

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