Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on February 19, 1941 · Page 19
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 19

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Wednesday, February 19, 1941
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F! la Better Homes-Better Foods Show en INA GROWS 1940-0$81,509,300.00 ARIZ0N 1934 -0^23.292 J 50.00 51st Year, No. 277, Phoenix, Arizona EPUBLIC Today 112 .'r. CENTRAL TELEPHONE 3-1111- Wednesday Morning, February 19, 1941 ARMY LANDS AT SINGAPORE Jesse /ones Says U. S. Is 7n War Costs Of Army Construction Soar W/ASHINGTON, Feb. IS— W (UP)—A series of seemingly unrelated events pointed tonight to the possibility that the United States soon may he placed on a strict, war economy basis in order 1o speed tiomr=tic rearmament and aid to Britain. The incidents involved such diversified personalities and organizations as Jesse Jones, secretary of commerce: Wayne Chatfield Taylor, undersecretary of commerce; the army; the agriculture .department ; Leon Henderson, defense rnmmissioner; and Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt.. Developments included: 1. Jones told the house banking. romniittee Uir United States is "in th" var. at least, we're nearly in the war; we're preparing for it." Caution Asked I. Taylor urged the Temporary National Committee to refrain from making any recommendations which would slow the defense drive. After peace is restored to the world, hr said, conditions should be reviewed anew; but in times of stress ''we can and we must put aside our ret theories." Most observers had expected the group to recommend sweeping revision of antimonopoly end other laws. 8. Agriculture department officials started a survey to determine vvh.it food supplies could be sent abroad in event President Roose- vrll decides to make Ihe United Smtes the larder, as well as the arsenal, of democracies. Costs Exceed Estimates 4. The army was revealed to have told congress its construction costs are running 50 per cent above iricinal estimates. It ascribed the situation to hasty planning and risinc material and labor prices. Steps are being laken in all in- ftanrr? and the situation is being "hrouchl into line," it added. 5. Henderson, director of the de- t"nsp commission's price stabilization division, yesterday proclaimed maximum prices for used machine toils and assailed profiteering in sales ot such articles. He warned 'hat thr maximum-price order was the forerunner of similar steps in "ther industries which have attempted to make exorbitant, profits from the preparedness drive. Must Do Without •>• Mrs. Roosevelt, regarded gen- Tally as wielding strong behind- Ihc-scenes influence and as know- in frequently what the administration is contemplating, suggested to her press conference that the nation had belter get used to.doing without many articles such as new Mrs and aluminum kitchen uten- "1s. She pointed out that plants makin; these articles are being diverted to defense production. She '"'' that when existing stocks are exhausted the nation probably win "»VP 10 do without the products. Mflvin J. Maas, Republican, Min- "esnta representative, today urged Jh» house rules committee to establish a special house committee to check negotiated defense contracts. Maas, ranking minority member ol 'w house naval affairs committee, Darned that "a scandal will break" mvolving the defense commission unless negotiated contracts are Batched carefully. Talks With Aids The survey of food supplies was ordered after Mr. Roosevelt discussed the situation with Harry L Hopkins, his personal emissary who \Y/ A SHINGTON, Feb - 18 ~ W (AP)—Jesse Jones told a congressional committee today that "we're nearly in the war," but immediately had the | remark stricken from the record. President Roosevelt commented later that it dfd not mean anything. The secretary of commerce and federal loan administrator was discussing a defense housing bill before the house banking committee when he said: "We're in the war; at least we're nearly in the war. We're preparing lor it; when you do that, you've got to throw money away." At his direction the official stenographer crossed out the remarks, but Jones made no request that newspaper reporters refrain from quoting him. The matter was raised at Mr. ment a lot. of words thai, did not mean anything. He added lhat his comment applied not particularly to Jones but to the press or anyone else who made similar ex- iressions. Home Defense Plan Is Given Consideration federal Program To Be Ready In Few Weeks WASHINGTON. Feb. 18—(INS) President RooseveU promised Ihis nalllman , wra - 1U1K afternoon hat m a few weeks the, ,. ex _ administration will be ready to „„,.,., '. ^ n ^a «-nri.- ™ tho has Britain fas just returned from Harold D. Smith, budget director & nd the secretaries of agriculture u 'ar, navy, and the treasury. Administration leaders be- «*ve the pending British »>d nill is sufficiently broad to per"tit shipment of food supplies to the British Isles. o '• — Condon Announces Mb Sunk minesweeper LONDON, Feb. is— (API— Th •amiralty announced lonight th minesweeper Huntly had been sunk. Jne craft was in command of Lt c °mdr. E. S. Cotsell. R. N. R. .Next of kin of casualties have Politics, Dictatorship Fears Told •\Y7ASHINGTON, Feb. 18— W (UP)—Senate Republicans today publicly rebuked Wendell L. Willkie for supporting the British aid bill, which they said would make President Roosevelt the "dictator" of the United States and the "No. 1 power politician of the world." Pot shots at the 1940 Republican presidential candidate were taken by Arthur H. Vandenberg. Republican. Michigan, and Gerald P. Nye, Republican, North Dakota, two of the three opposition leaders who spoke during the second day of debate on the historic measure. Willkir Scathingly Oitir.hrd Vandenberg. unsuccessful candidate for the 1940 nomination, referred to Willkie as the President's "clipper ambassador." Nye called him "that great expert on European affairs." A minority report of the senate foreign relations committee, offered by Hiram Johnson, Republican, California, who backed Willkie for the presidency, said his testimony before the committee in support of the bill was a "one man circus intended to influence the citizens." Other Developments Criticism of the titular leader of the Republican party was one of several developments touching on the British aid program. Others included: 1. President Roosevelt appointed Averill Harriman, New York Greek Gain Ne Positions U.S. Moves Toward War Basis Stricter Economy IForecast Aid Plan Is Blasted In Senate make public a plan whereby those over the selective service age may best and most efficiently serve 1he national defense in their respective communilies. The President entered into a •ather lengthy philosophical discussion on this problem at. his press conference as a result of an open etler written to him by a Clcve- and man who had served in the marine corps during the World Var. This man was wondering what ho and others in his age group could do 1o serve Iheir country. Defense Setup Improved The President said the lime had not come—and he hoped it would not—when the government would lave 1o take any considerable number of people from their regular jobs for national defense serv- ce. At present, he said, the necessary increase in the defense setup is proceeding in a normal way. Citing several instances Mr Roosevelt told of a 52-year-old man in his home county who is driving a school- bus. but who wanted to serve his country. The President said that in taking the children to and from school this man was performing a useful and necessary service, and added that it probably was as useful and necessary service as he could con- ;ributo. Home Defense Studied Similarly, the garage man who keeps the wheels going by dispensing gas and oil and repairing cars is performing a useful function, as is the girl behind the department store counter or the person engaged in baking t-™ d As time goes nn. Mr. Roosevelt conceded, the government may have to do a little picking and choosing from peacetime industries to round out the national defense. Meanwhile, however, he said, a number of men and women have been studying the general problem of home defense for him. and something will be made public >editer'' to handle work on the end-lease program in London. 2. Mr. Roosevelt reported that he hoped to have administrative details of the all-out program com- ileted tentatively in 10 days or .wo weeks. 3. Ariml. Harold R. Stark, chief of naval operations, indicated after a White House visit that the possibility of additional naval vessels being'transferred to Britain is kept alive by the flow of world events. Proponents of the aid bill will hold the senate floor Wednesday, with Tom Connally, Democrat, Texas, Lister Hill. Democrat, Ala- iama, and Josiah Bailey, Democrat, Sforth Carolina, scheduled to speak. >ad-off man for the oppositionists today was Bennett C. Clark, sharp-tongued Missouri Democrat. Called Step Toward War Clark. Vandenberg and Nye contended that passage of the bill was another step toward involvement of the United States in war; that Lhe measure was not needed to keep a steady stream of war materials flowing to Britain: that presidential powers in the legislation would make Mr. Roosevelt a dictator, and. that the proposal committed this country to a policy of policing the world. The3' warned that in passing the bill congress would be authorizing the President to engage in "power politics in a mad world": empower him to name aggressor nations and determine their punishment, and to call upon the taxpayers 1o bear an added burden which has not been imposed on the people in British possessions. Xye Hurls Charges Nye charged that "the House of Morgan and other agencies have been conniving and scheming ways to sell the American people on soon. tpli :igi H oi Kin ot casualties iio"= SmamnO notified, a communique said, propagand Anti-Nazi Drive Bothers Norway STOCKHOLM, Sweden, Feb. 18— f AP)—Seventy high police officers met today with German SS men in Oslo, it was reported, to find Seans of combatting greatly intensified opposition to the Nazi- controlled administration. Special lists of suspected elements have been drawn up and these persons will he required to report to police several times Censorship inside Norway was tightened to halt the opposition the idea that Britain was fighting our battle and that we ought at least be ready to pay part of the bill for it," Clark, who charged earlier that Britain still has resources in the U. S., said this government does not want the British branch of the Astor family to liquidate its New York holdings, but is willing to have American taxpayers sell their holdings for Britain's profit. Alben W. Barkley, Democrat, Kentucky, retorted that this was not the administration's policy. The argument'consumed so much time that Nye could not finish his speech before the senate recessed The amount of help which Britain now is receiving from this country provoked criticism • from Nye. He alleged that Mr. Roosevelt is virtually giving away the output of American plane factories after publicly promising to keep at least 50 per cent of the production for'domestic protection. A THENS, Greece, Feb. 18 /-\ (AP) — Greek shock troops advanced along the Central Albanian battle sector today, occupying Italian fortified positions nearly a mile high in two areas, a government spokesman announced tonight. Despite "desperate efforts," he added, the Italians were nowhere able to "gain an inch of ground." The spokesman declared the Italian command persisted in ordering counterattacks "with a complete disregard of the bloodshed which they entailed." He gave this summary: "In the coastal sector the Italians attempted night counterattacks which were crushed by our fire. . "Farther to the east, two counterattacks were repulsed and the enemy was chased beyond his lines by our troops, who inflicted heavy losses." The spokesman cited a single Italian company as an example of recent heavy Fascist losses: two officers were killed, he said, two taken prisoners and 140 men killed or wounded, with only 25 escaping. — o-. Greece Gets Nazi Demand For War End British Suffer Bad Blow In Balkan Maneuvering BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, Feb. " 19—(Wednesday) — (AP) German war material has be- cun passing into Bulgaria ove.r Yugoslavia railways, it was reported reliably today as diplomatic circles heard accounts of redoubled German efforts to make Greece come to terms with Italy. Long- lines of sealed railway oars were said to have rolled over the German- Yugoslav frontier en route to Bulgaria as a part of the agreement reached in the interview at Berchtesgaden, Germany, last week between Adolf Hitler and Dragisa Cvetkovic, Yugoslav premier. ZURICH, Feb. 18—(UP)—Using the "isolation" of Turkey and Russia's consent as clubs, Adolf Hitler tonight was reported to have demanded ithat Greece conclude a "quick peace" with Italy under threat of turning the Greek pen- nsula into a battleground. The British, having suffered a severe diplomatic blow in the new Turkish-Bulgarian declaration uf nonaggression, issued a blunt wavn- ing of war to Bulgaria across whosa territory Hitler's Balkan army would strike to enforce the ultimatum on Greece. Choice Is Grim Authoritative quarters in Sofia said that Germany, acting quickly before Britain could reinforce her Balkan foothold by rushing trooos to Greece from Africa, already had launched conversations there, th' ing the Greeks a grim choice. Either Greece must agree immediately to an armistice with Italy or the German army will sweep down through Bulgaria and perhaps Yugoslavia an-1 occupy the country before British reinforcements can arrive, it was reported. If the rBitish army beats the Germans into Greece, the Nazis were said to have warned, Greece will become a battlefront overrun by Nazi and British armed forces. Greeks Are Powerless In Berlin it was denied that demands "of any character" had been served upon the hard-battling Greeks, but diplomatic circles elsewhere believed they would be forthcoming and that the Greeks, faced with an ope nthreat.of German invasion, would be powerless. Nazi quarters in Berlin said the Turkish-Bulgarian accord was a great forward step in Hitler's program of "pacification of' Southeastern Europe" and indicated that Yugoslavia will be brought quickly into the German Balkan orbit, thus encircling Greece. o Ex-Slave, 118, Dies NEW 'YORK. Feb. IS—(AP)— Mrs. Jane Fields, colored, who relatives said was born into slavery in South Carolina nX-years •go, died today. Big Foods Show Win Be Staged Week's Sessions Will Begin Monday D I ETAILED plans for the Arizona Republic's 20th annual Better Homes-Better Foods Show—a yearly event thatihomemakers of Phoenix and the Valley of the Sun have learned to await with anticipation and welcome with enthusiasm were made public yesterday. The big show has been scheduled for presentation beginning next Monday and continuing through the ensuing Friday, February 28. Mrs. London Will Conduct Coming to Phoenix again for the third consecutive year to conduct this five-day course of instruction in the art of successful homemaking and home management is the popular Mrs. Dorothy Ayers Loudon of Chicago. Mrs. Loudon needs no introduction to the thousands of women of this area who attended her presentations of the previous two years. But for the benefit of those who did not, it might be pointed out that she is recognized as one of the nation's foremost authorities on all - phases of home economics. Her presentations are not mere cooking schools—although in the culinary art, her proficiency, ability and knowledge are unsurpassed. Are Liberal Education They are, in fact, liberal courses of education not only in cooking but in all other branches of homemaking, from dietetics down to the garden variety of everyday lousehold problems. The big Shrine Auditorium, 15th avenue and Washington street, this year, as in the past, will be he scene of the Better Homes event. And this year, as in the past, housands of Arizona women who are interested in bettering their homes and improving their home- craft knowledge, are expected to turn out for each of the five daily sessions. In her two previous appearances on the Better Homes show platforms, Mrs. London's wide knowledge, capable handling and interesting manner of presentation of lousehold problems won the admiration ' of every audience. Visits Leading Cities Mrs. Loudon conducts a continuous program of homemaking schools and her circuit takes her yearly into many of the nation's principal cities. She has devoted practically her entire life to study and research in the field of home economics, taking up that profession when'a girl. Since she began her career in that field she has held many positions of importance in fields of service related to dietetics and the science of modern homemaking. The demand for her services at homemaking schools in recent years has grown to a point at which she spends most of her time traveling from city to city to preside over these events. Artists To Entertain Doors of the Shrine Auditorium will open daily at 1:30 p. m. Artists from the studios of the Arizona Republic-Electrical Equipment Company Radio Station KTAR will present sparkling programs of entertainment each day between that hour and 2 p. m. During the half-hour entertainment period, Better Homes show guests may enjoy these programs and at the same time avail themselves of an opportunity to inspect at their leisure the many interesting exhibits of products and articles —without which the ^modern home h not complete—that will he on display in the auditorium* . Mrs. Loudon will qpen her presentations promptly at 2 p. m each day. She will conduct her programs from the auditorium stage, on which a model kitchen, complete in every detail, will be installed. On each day's program, she wiU demonstrate a dozen different table dishes, discussing each step in -their preparation and starting a new dish as soon as o'^f is com pleted,-.- •'.'.' CoW Wave, Snow Hit Wide Area Crack British Troops Meet Japan Threat (Additional War Stories, Page 4) S AIGON, French Indo-| QINGAPORE, Feb. 18 — China, Feb. 18— (AP)— O (AP)—An Australian im(By Associated Press) COLD WAVE whisked eastward on the wings of >vintry winds yesterday while snow blocked roads in several storm areas. The frigid foray concentrated on he northeastern quarter of the nation. Shuddering citizens watch- id mercury columns sink to 31 be- ow zero at some points in Minneota and North Dakota. Minima of zero or below were recorded in South Dakota, Iowa. Wisconsin, llinois and Michigan. Subfreezing marks formed the rule farther east as the mass of arctic air bore down n the Atlantic seaboard. Forecasters predicted the siege would hold in the Midwest for at least 24 hours. New Englanders banked their fires in the expectation that subnormal temperatures would prevail for three more days. A foot of snow burdened the iloughtpn lake region of Michigan's ower peninsula. The fall ranged 'rom.five to.ISLinches.on the upper peninsula. House Splits On Governor's Bureau Plan Board Membership Request Stirs Warm Debate Additional Stories, Log-, Page 3) The ARIZONA House of Representatives yesterday split wide open on the question of making he governor an ex offieio member of all boards and commissions on which he already does not hold membership by law. The measure. House Bill 113. ntroduced by John H. Rapp of Pima county, H. J. Lewis of Cochise, Robert G. Chambers of Yavapai, and F. L. Christensen of Coconino, is a definite part of the reorganization program asked of he legislature by Governor Os- >orn. Would Keep Advised It is designed to afford the chief executive a direct means of keep- ng himself advised of the activities of alt boards and commissions. In the midst of warm debate on t, the house ended its session in order to make way for a scheduled public hearing on the governor's Arizona Water and Power Author- ty bill, the committee of the whole vote for or against a "do pass" recommendation being left until today. Before the crackling argument was opened on the bill, the committee of the whole accepted from the committee on judiciary an amendment to make the governor's ex offieio membership "without privilege of vote". < As originally presented, the bill would have made the governor the presiding officer, with .rote in event of tie •among the members present. Judiciary committee members explained the amendment was offered with the approval of the chief executive, the governor's intent not being to acquire voting aower on boards and commissions, but merely to have access to them. The house division, as evidenced oy debate, interested observers particularly in that it apparently did not follow theoretical lines of so-called administration and anti- administration blocs. Constitutionality Challenged There was some argument among members of the committee on judiciary itself regarding constitutionality of the proposal, Gaynor K. Stover of Pima county holding it in doubt, and Lprna Lockwood of Maricopa, committee chairman, contending it would be constitutional unquestionably under a long-established rule of law that a general enactment supersedes any special enactments. Representative Stover said it would be necessary to amend every law setting up a board or commission which does not now include the governor in it. "The will of the legislature controls," Representative Lockwood asserted. "It is not necessary to go back and amend every law. Any general law amends any specia laws. I can see no question of constitutionality." Japanese navy units in the Gulf of Siam were reported heavily reinforced today and a Dutch authority forecast land and sea blows at Singapore, Britain's perial force many thousands strong reached Singapore today. Thus was brought to this eastern bastion of the British empire the largest and most powerful rein- far eastern Gibraltar, and at the forcement of men, guns and ma- Netherlands East Indies in "very near future." Reliable quarters said they considered that the reports of increasing concentration of Japanese warships in southern waters came from authoritative sources, but the Associated Press was unable, to confirm them directly. Japan Sends Cruisers Previously three Japanese cruisers had been reported in these waters, which touch Southern Indo- China, Thailand (Siam) and the Malay peninsula. Dr. G. A. Lamsvelt. trade commissioner for the Dutch East Indies, completing an 11-day trip in South Indo-China said. "Personally, I expect a Japanese move southward in the very near future. 1 ' He said he believed the Japanese would take possession of some unoccupied islands south of Indo- China. use Bangkok, Thailand's capital, as an army base to strike by land along the 850-mile Malay peninsula toward Singapore and. simultaneously, move by sea toward the Indies. Indies Are Prepared "The Indies are prepared to protect themselves," he said. Several developments point to a consolidation of Japanese strength Jin Indo-China, and today there was an unconfirmed report that a Japanese steamer had taken its third oad of munitions to storage near Bangkok. During the recent Indo-China- Thailand border warfare Japanese ilanes and other supplies were re- >orted to have been dispatched to he Thailand forces. Japan is mediating that dispute. Two more trucklnads of Japanese soldiers and mechanics arrived in Saigon today from the cruiser Nagaru to reinforce others who took over the air field last week without French permission. The original force of G.OOO Japanese troops allotted by agreement :o protect Japanese air fields in North Indo-China has been gradually increased until it now numbers more than 13,000.' Reliable sources have estimated that 80,000 or 90,000 Japanese .roops now are stationed on Hainan and Formosa Islands. o the chines ever to arrive in a single convoy. A few hours after disembarking at the Singapore naval base from great liners which had transported them 3,000 miles under Australian and British naval escort the Australian troops entrained for already-prepared defense stations on the Malayan peninsula. Uproar Breaks Calm The ordered calm of this great naval base was broken by a great uproar as gray vessels came alongside the docks. Bronzed Australians, jamming the rails and portholes,. shouted down a band of a famous British regJment until it struck up "Roll Out Barrel." Fighters Control Santander Fire SANTANpER, Spain, Feb. 18— !AP)—The combined fire-fighting 'orces of several cities reduced the ;reat Santander fire to a few minor jlazes tonight after a three-day battle. Almost the entire commercial section of the city is in ruins. The exact death toll is not known, jut there are believed to be several jodies buried in the debris. The week-end hurricane, which; aircraft fire and a fighting plane.. coincided with and helped to spread A orn™rti<»eror. =„,» v,:., «„<•,-,.*,,,.< the fire, was estimated to have reached wild velocities of more than 86 miles an hour. Then, thousands of voices joined in and from tho top decks a shower of Australian pennies fell upon the British dignitaries, generals and admirals who had gathered on the dock to welcome the commonwealth troops under Maj. Gen. Gor* don Bennett. One of the first soldiers dis« embarked en route to the waiting trains illustrated the high spirits of the husky Aussies by saying: "We're all set, fightinjr fit and ready for whatever jobs are ahead. We don't know our destination, except it's in laya, and we don't care." (Reinforcement of British troops in Malaya, at the tip of which lies Singapore, means that Britain is guarding against a Japanese land thrust at Singapore. Air Chief Marshal Sir Robert Brooke-Popham, British far eastern commander-in-chief with headquarters at Singapore, attended an Australian war cabinet meeting in Sydney only last Frida;, . at which time the Australian jj'-vernment said the far eastern s lf uation was of the utmost gravity. Japanese Reports Denied (The Thai (Siamese) government, in a communique issued Tuesday, reiterated its denial of Japanese reports that its southern provinces were disturbed by a massing of British troops in Malaya, near the Thai borders. . ... (At the same time, Japanese warships in the Gulf of Siam were reported strengthened). The men who arrived today to reinforce the already formidable British, Indian and Malay regiments under the Far East commander-in-chief are "all Australian." Nurses accompanied the medical corps. With the troops were artillery and motor transport. - o - '• — Nazi Bomber Strafes Funeral In Cemetery A SOUTHEAST COAST TOWN IN ENGLAND, Feb. 18— CAP)— A German bomber, reported by the British today to have machine- gunned a cemetery, returned later while a funeral was in progress and was believed shot down by antl- A gravedigger and his assistant empty gravg - and escaped harm on the raider's first visit. Japan Is Told Deeds Can Outspeak Words WASHINGTON, Feb. 18—(AP)—The United States served indirect notice on Japan today that if her intentions are peaceful she should express them in deeds, rather than words. This was the reaction of Sumner Welles, undersecretary of state-, when he was questioned'at'his press conference concerning a Japanese spokesman's statement that his country aims at peaceful relations. 'In the very critical world situation which exists today," Welles said, "the government of the United States is far more interested in the deeds of other nations than in the statements that some of their spokesmen may make." In another quarter of the capital, the government carried forward its defense plans by establishing zones in four areas of the Pacific and one in the Caribbean in which foreign ships may operate only on the express authority of the secretary of the navy. One zone is in the Alaskan area, including Kiska and Unalaska islands; a second includes Kaheoahe, Hawaii; a third takes in mid-Pacific islands, including Palmyra, Johnston, Midway, Wake and Kingman Reef:, and a fourth, thre<aexchange diplonvjic. island* in the far Pacific—Guamjitivei. Tutuila, and Rose. The Caribbean zone includes Culebra island off Puerto Rico. Welles' comment came as an " answer to the statement of an official spokesman in Tokyo- that British and American:: "warlike preparations" were causing "anxiety if not misgivings in Japan," . Welles left no doubt that the government looked with, serious misgivings upon Japan's steady movement southward in ths direction of the British naval nass at Singapore and " the Netherlands- East Indies. ' .- i In another way, the government today showed its interest in the Southwestern Pacific area, Welles announcing that the United^ States, and New Zealand had decide?-; to-, represents^

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