The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on January 17, 1945 · Page 4
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 4

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Wednesday, January 17, 1945
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PA(5B FOUR AROSLO SOOTT. PnbUiber. Kntored at tha lola,. Suui, But. Offie* u S«eoi>d OUn lC;tU«r. Telephona (PriTtto Urtmeb Ittebnaf OoanMeUBt All OepArtmenti.) I* aCBSORIPTION BATES OaUida Alias aod Adioiiiiiis Coantiaa Ona Tear __„; *0.0O BU HoPths ThwB Mentha Ona Month 00 ..76e In Allen and Adioinln« Coontiaa ; Ona Year Blx Hontiu Three Montlu One Month 60 .91 .50 -660 in Kanaaa add 2% sales tax to above nt««. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Kegistar carriea the AsaocUted Presa report by apecial leased wire. The Aaio- eUted Press is eicIiuSively entitle to use for repnbUcation ot all news dinistehes erediled to it or not otherwise credited- jn this paper and also the local news published herein. All rights of republication of (pedal dispatchea herrin are also raaerred. Bible Tliought for Tqday, iUsht living is net distasteful, but a delisbt: I deUght to do Thy wiU, yea, thy law is In my heart.— Ps. 40:8. WHAT WILL THEY BE LIKE? Questionnaireitis stlU plagues the country along with the common cold and too few cigarettes. The latest one to come to this desk asks: "What do people think will be the effects of the war experience on the man in military service? In what ways, If any, do they think It is apt to ctiange him? What sort of person do they expect the veteran of World War II to be?" To answer such a question would, of course, be flatly impassible. How can you say what "people" think about anything without taking a scientific poll of public opinion? And how can any intelligent per- non guess what "the veteran of World War II" will be like when there will be 12 million of them? One of the commonest human weaknesses Is the temptation to generalize. We ask three friends what they think about something and immediately conclude that "the people" believe this or that. Or we hear that one discharged paratrooper went on a shooting spree in New York and instantly assume that "the soldier" of this war will be a gangster when it is over. Such deductive reasoning is in a class with that of the three blind men who examined an elephant. One felt his tail and declared that the elephant Is like a rope; another felt his leg and said the animal was like a tree; the thted felt his trunk and was convinced that he was like a great snake. There is only one generalization about "the veteran of World War II" whicii is safe to make, and that is that the great majority of men who survive the war will come out of it with exactly the same personalities, the same aspirations, and the same general views on life with which they entered it. Of course there will be a fringe at one end of the personality scale which will be vastly changed by the war experience, and for the worse. There will be a fringe at the other end which will be changed for the better. Perhaps no one will come out of the war without SOME addition or alteration to bis habits or viewpoint. But human nature, broadly speaking, is about the most unchangeable thing on earth. Just look about you among those you know best. In spite of every conceivable variation of environment and experience, don't nine out of ten of them remain exactly the same people, exactly the same personalities and characters that they were 10. 25, or even 50 years ago? Many youngsters you knew, whose personalities were still in the formative stalge wiien they enlisted, will surprise you when they come back after the war. They will seem like different people in many re> spects. But there will be few surprises among those who were already adults when the war started. With rare exceptions, they are bound to be just the same people that they were when they went away. .'"Sbiry, but the Na«y fenT fn-; (erected-"' in- your submarine{ with . a basement- recreation j room."" in itself, rather than something aimed toward eventual legislation or reform. That hope was revived with the publication of a House Campaign Expenditures Investigating Committee report on Dr. George Gal- Inp's poll. Why the investigation was ever undertalien is something of a mystery, but here in brief are its conclusions: 1. The Gallup organization sincerely tried to use scientific methods in forecasting the results of the presidential election. 2. Better sampling methods are available, and Dr. Gallup should have used them. 3. The Gallup samples must either have been inaccurate or obtained by improper interviewing procedure, for the poll underestimated the Democratic vote In about two-thirds of the states. 4. Dr. Gallup ought to publish raw" figures as well as "adjusted" figures, which take account of some imponderables that don't show on an adding machine. Thus the public could draw Its own conclusions. The only explanation for the Investigation I can see is that Congress is going to start a free business-consultant service. That must be it. The Gallup poll is a private business specializing in the collection and marketing of samples of public opinion. Its only market is newspapers. It does not undertake any surveys for individuals, private firms or political groups. It has no goverfiment contracts. Dr. Gallup operiates in competition with four other leading poll takers. All five firms did well this year, artistically and, I hope, financially. They did well because none of them was off as mucli as 2 per cent in forecasting the actual results of civilian baltotingv for president. So it is apparent that, for these five firms, accuracy is not a matter of congressional compulsion. Accuracy is thisir bread and butter. Them as guesses closest gets the most business. And if the House committee's subcommittee of expert government poll takers was able to offer Dr. Gallup any free tips on increased efficiency and accur- cy, I presume that he was duly grateful. But if Congress is going to do that for Dr. Gallup why shouldn't it do as much for his competitors, or for any otlua- strictly private, nonwar business? Or why shouldn't it just mind its own business? BY DEWITT MACKENZIE How many times do you flgiire you've beard the wish expressed that some force, unhampered by red- tt^, might sweep Into Germany and exact summary vengeance for war guilt and the awful cnmes the Reich has perpetrated? Innumerable times, without doubt. And probably just as often have you dismissed the idea as fantastic. Yet, as the huge Allied vise tightens on Hitlerdom the indications are that this .seemingly far-fetched wish might come true after alL Punishment of war guilt, of course, involves destruction of Prussian militarism and the Nazism which is a foul parasitical growth of the Prussian putrefaction that has been the cruse of Europe for generations. We need no reminder that the war crimes Involve barbaric horrors—the massacres and tortures of countless civilians, and the murder of prisoners of war, such as the Hitler­ ites have carried out against American boys recently. These atrocities call for the punishment of individuals—of those who actually com- jritted the crimes and of those who ordered them—from the top down. One pound of fuel oil produces as much heat as two poundis of coal. POLLING THE POUSTERS I hope that some daty there will be a congressional invest^ating committee to investigate the congressional passion for iwrestlgattog committees. Too often it has seemed that investigation has beea< an end Rock of Ages Beamtr NOW ani ROUVBB WILLIAMS MOSmHiBm WORES- —Authorised as Yean iB MB V.J.EVANS TYPEWRITER EXCHANGE xxnwjUESBBS TO lUbrae JUl ADntKOMACBBm cASHBSonms MAIM INI. UN Perfect /y Funeral Service Each of our services is as perfect as long experience and careful aUcn- tion can make it—and at no extra cost. Phone 7Z SLEEPER MORtUARY iOLX HE6aaHBR> WEDNESDAY l ^fENING, JANUARY 17. 1945 • + + The WAR tODA Y + + + lOLA, KANSAS i AND {^<ms%s, -UNCOVKEB DEEP IN THE EARTH IN V: NEWMEXICC?; ' IMDICAT5. TO SCIENTISTS THAT ANANQENTAND ' NOW E'TiNcr -;RACE?F «a /JWir .:WAS .rUNTED0y •/•4>4 >VON7HlS '-•CONTINENrAT LEAST ./aOOO ,ANO PE1?HARS A couple of days ago anxiety was created in United Nations by reports In London that tlie Allied war crimes commission had abandoned plans to try Hitler and other Axis leaders. This was iiU the more shocldng Ijecaase of remembrance that the end~()f thi' la.st war .saw punishment of individuals thrown ovirboard after the Allies hud made themselves hoarse with yclilnf;, "Hang the kaiser." However, the trend of events indicates that, war commission or no war commission, the guilty will be punished this time Coincident with the London, report—or perhaps in answer to It—the Moscow radio broadcast this blunt statement, made in the newspaper Pravda by the widely read journalist Ilya Ehrenfcurg: 'We ourselves will Judge oUj- torturers and this we will entnjst to nobody. We Wiakc with the thought of Berlin and with the same tliought fe lie down to .sleep." That's quiet language, but it has a chill in it. Russia, with her blacklist of thousands of German war criminals, proposes to carry out her own judgment and punishments. Russia isn't a member of the war guilt commission, and when tho Muscovites Fay they will act on their own, they will act. WU MOST SHCWmB^C/rOOftS COPR. IMS Br NE^l SCBVICE. INC. ^ r- •1. M. REC. U. f. efT. OFF. :i<^ip!<*l MERVIN BURk, WAYCURPEOPIE UYEP Ccpyrisht, f. r. Button & C, 1944; OiUnkvtwi ky NCA Scf«K«. Inc. A Georgia Town in 1807 SET THE NAME "r &<?Ct«£«" FR(?M THEIR AFRICAN NAA\E f-17 - • • NEXT: WTiai bird is our only nativc.phcasanl? way i things are going it may not be long! before they slso liave their hob-nailed boots on the arrogant neck of Prussia itself. So far as concerns East Prussia, the bulk of it has "been promised to Poland. The Juiil^prs will" be torn up by the roots and will be shipped into the Reich.' Their vast estates will go to others. It needs no great stretch of imagination to see that Prusslanlsm and-war crimes will be dealt with adequately—in one way or another! 25 YEARS AGO fltena From The R4 >«i)it«r . January 17, 1926. On top of this wc .qct British Prime Minister Churcliiirs declaration in the Iiousc of commons yesterday that "tlie war will be prolonged until unconditional surren- Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Kirk entertained at 7 o'clock dinner last evening in honor of the high .school football team. The house was beautifully decorated with flowens. The -evening was spent with music and i^ames. A three course dinner was served to Mr. Parker, Mrs. W. P. Harris.s, ' Wallfice Smith, Eugene Oliver, Wilfred Moore, Merle Bollinger, Victor Kirk. Del Milne, Prank Kelley, Jam^S' Ewing. Earl Dodd, Everett Laury. Kenneth Colby, Horace Miller. iMbert Kratz, John Yowell, Billi^ O'Brien. Robert Tliompson. Harr^' A.vling. Kenneth Fulton, Don Shearer and Stanley Kirk. C. K. Dorscy. C. L. Washburn and E. E.Kindig of the Shannon stores returjied last, night from Kansas der has Ijeen obtained." This grati- 1 City, where they have been attend- fying promise is made as the Red ing Vhe Western Retail Hardware armies are crashing the German and Implement Dealers convention. lines in a mighty new offensive ^reaching from East Prussia on the' Capt. Stover has received a let- riorth. down across Poland to the ! ter from his son. Commander Roy AT 8 o'clock c\cry morning cx- cept Sunday Major Harvey Earle left his house on Centre Street in Augusta, Ga., and walked to his oflice orf Reynolds Street, facing St. Paul's Church. Everyone in Augusta, both white and black, knew the Major by sight even ii they were not personally acquainted with him. He was a tall, ean, clean-shaven man of aboiit 55 .'n Knee breeclies oi broadcloth, a white linen shirt with ruffles on tlie bosom, a long blue coat whicli came to .lis knees ;ind stiffenoc. below the waist, so its skirls spreac oi:t. On nis head lie wore a small felt hat with the corners turned up, and on his feet wore . low shoes with metal buckles. His stockings were of white wool. Thcsf garments were, more or less, out of style. They were the Ihiery ot a past generation—the men of the American Revolution. Gentlemen still wore knee breeches, lace cuffs and the rest oi in tlie evening, out in the daytime most of them wore :.9ng pantaloons, double-breasted coats without decoration, and tall nats of beaver. Major Earle was a private banker. He made loans on personal notes; he financed .small farmers on a share-cropper basis; lie arranged mortgages on real estate, livestoclc or slaves and he iis.si.stcd merchants to meet their obligations by lending them money and taking liens on tlieir assets'. It i.s intcrrstitig to note tliat tlic funclion.s uC Ijunkiiig in co-iimcr- cial life ufic filmosl unknown 'in tho.se early days. There were no laws concrrniiig banits; no regulation of interest rates, nor dc(i- iiitioti of the rights of depositors. The little banking that was done was cairied on by individuals. Some ot the money lenders were loan siiarks, but Major Earle was not one of them. He was a lenient creditor, so lenient indeed that his bank made only a fraction of tlie profits it should have earned. He owned a cotton plantation called "Fairview" on the Waynesboro road about 15 miles from Augusta, and he used to say that he made twice as much from "Fairview" us he did from his money lending. * » » r "OTTON was the lifeblood, the mainstay, the imiversal provider for the whole population of Augusta at this period. In 1807 that Savannah River town was Wilson Jr., P ^-c: He is now located, llie first of the inland cotton mar- LaHarpe Items LAkARPE.'Jiin. 17.—Mr. and Mr.'^. Orville Himftton and family an: new resldcnLv of LaHarpi-. coniinf; from Colorado and moving in Un' Willie Shorter proijcrty in I lie west part f)f town. O. T. Berry.' Mo.-Pac. auditor, Wa.s in LiiHarpe Monday auditing ihc station here. He came from Wichita, Mr. and MJ-s.-Berf Johnson and son Delbort wno is here on furlough; spent the week-end in N'eo- desha visitlni; Mrs, Johnson's Sister Mrs, Alice Bates, and Mr. Bates. Mr. and "Mr;). Johnson and Delbert were guests oT Mrs. Mabel Lcwnian of lola on Tuesday. Pvt. John.son leturiK to hi,^ 'oa.sc Thursday. Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Hoke and family, of Hii^mboldt spent Sunday afternoon at ^the home of M(-. and Mrs, 0- T. Harris, Mi-s, Hol^e rtntl Mrs Harris ,'tre sisters. Miss Opal Taggaft of lola was a guest also in the Hnrris home last Sunday, , Mrs, Wm, StiauRhnessy received the n<;W addrp.ss of her son. Hairy Carpathians, Berlin says the Russians "are out to force a decision of the war," and that likely Is true. They're out for the kill, and on to the Berlin that Ehrenburg says they dream atiout. The Muscovites assault on East Prussia holds particular fascination. This big province long has been a great center of the militaristic, Prussian aristocracy known as the Junker cla.ss. It Is one of the main helping grounds of niilitarlsiii. Until the middle of the last century the Junkers maintained serfdom, and up to now have owned vast estates which have produced revenues to make wars. Well, the Rus.slans already have » Stover, mailed at the Philadelphia navy^yard stating that he will probable SJe home on leave February 12, passifely bringing his wife with him. This ; is Commander Stover's first furlough after seven years at sea, .so it Is a fine long one. toe-hold In East Prus.sia. and Ihe I nut. Simday. A sirl was born yesterday to Mr, and J4rs. G, S, Kane at 202 South Chestnut, Mr, and Mrs, Olha R. Nichols of South Kentucky, an- uounce the birth of u son. Mr. and Mrs, '-Carl Ritchey have a new dauefeter. born yesterday. They have given her the name of Mary Lee. A babv girl was born to Mr. and Mrs. Jiarrv Drake. 516 South Chest- al ShiJemakei'. Cnlil". Mr. and M1-s. Walter Pollct and Miss Betty Wilson went to Humboldt 'rucKdn\ to vifit Mrs. Pollef.s narcnt.V Mr. :<nd Mrs. Tony Henii- burg, . N"; Mr, And Mr,'-, nilcy Shaimiiiic.s.sy and children "wt.n' U; loIa Tii<':;cliiy niomin*B. Mri^. Siiiusuhnes.sy ;vnd children visited her parents, Mr, and Mi-s, Jaki; HeimburK. Mr. Ivan Hohncs, Mr, Oscar Pulse and Mh Joe Edwards were in Ipla Tuesda'y on blisincss, • The •regular prayer meeting will be helfi at Hie Baptist church to- niiiht. The question to be answered. "Who iwas king or ruler of Judea at the Ume it 'wa.^ besieged by Nel)U- chadnezzar?" • . Mr. •md Mv.s. GrcL'oiw and .Rev. and Mirs. Glass and baby dauuh'ri- wort guests :>;• Mrs. Don Payne last Sundaj^ instead of Mr. and Mrs. I. E. HfJke. ^ Kem^iber, jpuular annual mm- ine to ,be held Thursdav afternoon | at the fity hail. All Hcd Cross work-' CIS .sliould be jlnre. • Mr. a'nd Uxi. I. E. Hoke look little Catoie ^uth Payne to Kan-sas City today to the ho.spital for a clieckup on tlie 'condition of her hip, Carole Ruth h?Ls beet} in a cast for several monthsifor a', hip correction, • feKt, jsarl M&jei-s, son of Mr, and :<cl,';, ; Tiiere were no cotton mills in ,llio South at that time, though there were many spinning wheels and liand looms in the farm".louses. This primitive, back- (The Bcitmann Archive) It was Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin that made cotton the mainstay of early nineteenth century Georgia. (Chapter V.) , woods manufacturing used only a | pockets and a low-crowned felt trifling proportion of tlie cotton crop. The rest was sent down the river to Savannah and then, by sailing ships, most of it was forwarded to England, wliich was then the center of the world textile industiy. All this involved a string of transactions. The farmer brouglit Ills cotton to Augusta in the first place. It was sold there to a merchant known as a cotton factor The factor put the bales in h.,-; warehouse and resold tlicm, later on, to another factor in .Savannah or Charleston, who sent them aliroad or to New England, in Lancashire or Massachusetts the cotton reached a textile mill and was made into cloth and yarn. This indirect method was wasteful in that several middle-men made profits on the cotton before it reached the English mills. A group of British mill owners decided, after much consideration and slow overseas correspondence, to buy their cotton direct— not from the fanners, but from the Augusta cotton merchants, thus eliminating a number of'go-be­ tweens. In carrying ot^t this pm^- pose they sent over to Augusta a representative with authority to purchase cotton; pay for it, and ship it to England. e • « •VTTHEN the English gentleman aUghted from the stage he wore a coarse checkered shirt with a glaring plaid tie, heavy woolen trousei-s, high-top boots, a brown coat with numerous hat pulled down over his eyes. He carried a pistol in a holster attached to a leather belt. Its butt protruded, ready to be drawn instantly. It came out next day tliat the English cotton buyer had thought that AuRUsta was a wild and rowdy frontier town, v.'hen; murder was of daily ocTurrciiec, and whei-e every man wa;; supposed to protect himrcir. Mr. I.ov.tlior dirl not knov.' Koul in the plafi^. .'iiul he intended to :;lay at the inn until he could finri bachelor's (luaitci:; for liim- self. But ho did' not go to the inn, for Robert Harrison invited him to his liome as a guest. The Major was greatly interested in Mr. Lowther, and took every opportunity to impress liimself upon that gentleman's attention. If was he who explained humorously tlie reason for Lowther's uncouth appearance on the day of his arrival. He invented ilso, in his genial, offhand way, the myth of Cecil Lowtlier's noble connections, asliing everyone he told to keep it conlidcntial. The reason for these maneuvers was that Mr. Lowther would posse-ss and keep somewhere a very large sum of money. Tlie Major had a bank, and could keep the money safely. As he walked to his office on a November morning in 1807 he was glad that Mrs. Earle had thouglit of having Mr. LowUier to dinner, and the dinner was to be that very evening. (To Be Continued) Mis. Arlliur .Mcvrvs, wiio was Betty Ziuk Monday evening, Dc- Mrs. Rcnisbcrg, Mr.^, Mabel Zink. jv-unded in battle in the EuropeHU i cember 15, with the following nirm- Larry Mclnt<jsh luid Larry and war and who received the Purple; bers present: Beth Remsberg, Eli/a- Jerry 7iink, Heart, writes he is in England in a beth Wade, Glennis Truster, Marv I base hospital. Is Improving and had Just received his Clirlstmas packages and was enjoying them. The Mis£.iona>.-y Guild of the Methodist church met with Miss Morrison, Darylene Morrison, Imo- The Music Hall, Radio City, has gene Morrison, Martha, Kathleen the largest screen in the world. It and Thelma Brown, Nola Jean Gil- is so porous that standing behind bert and Shirley Anderson, The it one can clearlv see the entire guests were Mrs, M G, Mcintosh, audience. America Will Remember Best the Pi'oducls That Serve Her Best! . . . ]>r» Wajme iL Fr^nk Snoefb AkeO, Oytfadui »C HOPING TO THE Thousands; upon thousands of vital wac calls go over the LoQg distance wires every day and ni^ht. Spt^etioies there's a rnsh on cenain lines. M;.M:I,When your call is on a crowded circuity you will help Long Distance keep things qaoving jf you'll. ^qjr«>p«;?<e, when she says, "Pkasc limit your call to 5 mipu^ej^/,'^^. SOUTHWESTERN BELL tTELEPHONE CO. • You'll say: proof of Chevroiat quality and enduronc*. • You'll say: pno/f of Chavroiot deaUrs' skill and dependability—proof that Chovrelot dtaters or* "first ill service." irr-rtfiiiMft yj^* j • See yovr Chevrolet dealer for sarvico of regular SUY MOtE intervals; WM BONDS... SERVmG AGRICULTURE • FOOD DISTRIBUTORS • LOGGINO^ CAMPS MINES • WAR INDUSTRIES • FUEL DISTRIBUTORS MUNITIONS MAKERS • ESSENTIAL CIVI LIA N TRADES BUD WHITE MOTOR COMPANY PHONE et 211 WEST STR^T i

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