Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois on July 16, 1975 · Page 1
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Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois · Page 1

Freeport, Illinois
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 16, 1975
Page 1
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Weather Outlook Sunny, Hot Thursday (Details on page 12) FREEPORT JOURNAL-STANDARD 128th Year, 24 pages Freeport, Illinois, Wednesday, July 16, 1975 15 Cents First Atomic Bomb Exploded 30 Years Ago BB^— - • i n in i^^^^^^ ii ^"^ IT WAS 30 YEARS AGO today that a group of scientists gathered on a desert in New Mexico and changed the course of history. They exploded the first atomic bomb. This fire- ball oh that date ushered in an era of superstar scientists Site was Alamogordo, N.M.-UPI Photo. SAN FRANCISCO (UPI) - It was 30 years ago today that a group of scientists gathered on a desert in New Mexico and changed the course of history. They exploded the first atomic bomb. It was, as the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists says, "the birth of Big Science." The blast at Alamogordo, N.M., on July 16, 1945, ushered in an era of superstar scientists. Men who previously had little influence in government and had worked in fields virtually unknown to the public suddenly became towering figures in the nation's future. In the years that followed, scientists such as Edward Teller and J. Robert Oppenheimer became household names - often embroiled in controversy. More Americans won the Nobel Prize. Six Nobel laureates of the post-World War II period had been involved at the Los Alamos, N.M., laboratory during the war. Nobel-winning physicist Luis Alvarez, of the University of California at Berkeley, thinks that "not only the bomb but radar and other wartime developments" gave the public new awareness of scientists. In earlier years, he recalls, "if I went to a party, I always said I was a chemist because nobody knew what a physicist did." After the Alamogordo blast, "people recognized there was a lot they hadn't known about science. And then it made the war shorter and saved a lot of lives," he said. • 'But scientists themselves disagree about what has happened in the three decades since the men of the Manhattan Project exploded their bomb in New Mexico and built, the ones that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki less than a month later. Teller, often referred to as "the father of the H-bomb" - a title he dislikes - says: "It is true that scientists have been more in the public eye, but science has not been. I would almost say that the scientists have become more important and science less, and that is a poor bargain. "If there would be more public interest in science itself and what we are doing, or in technology itself, that would be a real advantage - but that is not what has happened." Teller said recently he felt the quality of young scientists has "declined catastrophically." He suggested one reason was many young persons do not consider science as relevant a field as in the past. "I think there has been a decline in interest," agrees Hans Mark, director of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Ames Research Center in Mountain View, Calif. "Nowadays we are' in the cycle of 'help your neighbor.' Of course science fits importantly into this idea. But there arc cycles of popular ideas." Says Teller: "There used to be an uncritical admiration of progress, and that no longer exists." Adds Alvarez: "When you walk into a university bookstore and see books of astrology on prominent display, it gives you food for thought, "I find it a shocking thing, this interest, in astrology and exorcism and the occult, almost as if we had gone back to the Salem days." Nonetheless, Alvarez thinks there arc perhaps more good Scientists than ever - "but it's like the golf tour: the field has expanded a hundred times, and there arc more hackers." Egypt Won't Renew U.N. Force Mandate Timetable Could Endanger Peace Progress By United Press International Israel warned todafy that Egypt's decision not to renew the mandate of the United Nations Emergency Force separating Israeli and Egyptian troops in the Sinai Desert could endanger progress already made toward peace. ; U.N. Secretary General Kurt Waldheim said the Egyptian decision had . created a "serious and dangerous" situation in the Middle East and that he was mobilizing diplomatic strength to deal with it. • Egyptian Foreign Minister. Ismail Fahmi said today the U.N. force, called UNEF, is stationed on Egyptian territory and cannot remain there except with Egypt's approval. But Egyptian government sources said Egypt has no plan to ask for .its removal despite Cairo's decision against, consenting to a renewal of the force's mandate scheduled to expire on f hurs- day next week. 1 That meant the U.N. force could stay even without a mandate. Fahmi, who announced the decision at a news conference Tuesday night, made a new statement to the government's Middle East news agency today commenting on Israel's reaction to-the Egyptian refusal. Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, in a speech to the Knesset (parliament) in Jerusalem, said Egypt must recognize a continued U.N. peace- McGee Hired By City Former Aid. Frank McGee is again working for the city. McGee was hired by Mayor Mark McLeRoy this week as a helper for one of the city's garbage trucks. He was one of 51 persons who applied for the job. "He contaced me when he saw the ad in the paper and I told him he could pick up an application Monday," McLeRoy said today. McLeRoy said McGee took out the first application, at 6 a.m. Monday morning, three hours before City Hall or the mayor's office officially open at 9 a.m. Applications were being taken for the position, which pays $3.41 an hour, at least as late as Tuesday afternoon. A'helper work's 40 hours a week. When asked if the city had changed its recently-effected policy of cutting back the number of garbagemen from •three per truck to two, the mayor said, "No, we cut back July 1 except on one truck," He said McGee was hired to fill a job • after "employment problems" forced one employe to leave. Even after the cutback, the opening existed, McLeRoy said. The mayor had said earlier that the garbagemen would not be happy about the cutback. He has been working to help smooth relations during the transition period. In an attempt to defend the McGee hiring, McLeRoy said the city ran ads in the paper'asking for applications, and, "if anyone else quits, we will do the same thing." When asked if there was any truth to the rumor that McGee would take over eventually as General Inspector replacing Ed Brooks, the mayor said, "I never heard of that. Nothing has been said about that." McGee is currently appealing a one to three-year prison term sentence he was given after he pleaded guilty to a charge of theft of several barbeque grills from Structo Division of King Seely Thermos Co. He was fired from his position as customer relations manager at Structo after the incident. keeping role in the Sinai so as not to endanger progress already made toward peace. "Israel is carrying out its obligations according to the separation of forces agreement with Egypt on the basis of mutuality," Rabin said. "If Egypt is interested in not harming this agreement it too must honor the existence and authority of the U.N. forces which are an integral part of the separation of forces agreement." The separation of forces agreement between the" two countries was signed in January of last year, three months after the 1973 Middle East war. Waldheim said private consultation among the 15 members was expected to bring a council meeting^'in the next ..few days." , V;. ^= ; ^ "It is a serious situation, a dangerous situation," Waldheim told newsmen, "and we can only hope the efforts which will be undertaken now will lead to an agreed solution." Although Fahmi appeared to leave an opening for the continued presence of the U. N. force of 4,000 men from seven countries as a buffer between Israel and Egypt in the Sinai, Waldheim said they could not remain without extension of the mandate due to expire in eight days. UNEF could not remain on duty without a mandate agreed to by both sides and approved by the Security Council, he said. The Israeli communique said: "The existence of the U.N. peacekeeping forces is an integral part of the separation of forces agreement between Israel and Egypt. Israel believes that every move that increases the tension in the area does not help the diplomatic efforts toward peace." The communique foHowed statements by an Israeli Foreign Ministry official that the Egyptian move was designed to impose a deadline on negotiations between the two countries for, a new interim peace accord in the Sinai. . "Israel will not be rushed into agreement in order to meet a .deadline, and obviously Egypt is attempting to introduce a deadline," a Foreign Ministry spokesman said in Jerusalem. Fahmi accused Israel of obstruction and procrastination in the negotiations, but he endorsed Secretary of State Henry Kissinger's efforts to arrange a peace pact. SOVIET CITIZEN CATCHES UP ON LATEST news of Apollo-Soyuz mission on newspaper billboard earlier today in Moscow with the Komsomolskaya Pravda paper (center) headlining the mission "3 .. 2 .. I.. Blastoff."-UPI Photo. Astronauts Fix Minor Problem; Historic Handshake Thursday HOUSTON (UPI) - Three American astronauts easily fixed a minor problem in their Apollo today and bore down on Russia's two Soyuz cosmonauts more than 1,000 miles ahead for a union Thursday 136 miles over Germany. The flagships of the two space powers circled the world every hour and a half in the second day of history's first international .manned spacefu'gnt. Alexei Leonov and Valeri Kubasov opened the day's activities by gunning their 15,000 pound Soyuz into a near perfect "assembly" orbit 138 to 140 miles high to wait for Thomas Stafford, Vance Brand and Donald "Deke" Slayton to join them. The astronauts' first chore of the day was to remove a stainless steel Zarb Says Gasoline Prices To Increase WASHINGTON (UPI) - Federal Energy Administrator Frank Zarb today predicted gasoline prices will increase from two to five cents a gallon by Labor Day.' He insisted, however, there was no collusion by the oil companies to raise prices. Zarb told a Senate subcommittee that a curbing of gas refining by the oil companies was due to "a combination of unforeseen refining problems." , "We have seen no evidence that Rockfordite Fulfills ** * * Dying Girl's Wish CHICAGO (UPI) - Teresa Sadauskas, 19, realized her last wish today, she returned home to Chicago to die. Doctors at Baltimore City Hospital in Baltimore, Md., told the young leukemia patient Tuesday she had only a day or two to live and consented to her wish to travel home to Chicago. But commercial airlines refused her passage, explaining that they were not equipped to accommodate passengers in her condition. . • ' The prospects for returning home seemed bleak until Tuesday evening, wh,en a friend told Lewis Emery of Rockford of a television report on Miss Sadauskas' problem. Emery, 65, who operates Emery Air Charter, a firm which specializes in transportation of seriously ill persons, donated the services of a crew and an airborne intensive care unit - a Lear jet equipped with hospital equipment and staffed by a nurse. Special equipment allowed Miss Sadauskas' doctor in Baltimore to monitor her condition throughout the flight. Miss Sadauskas' mother, Janina, was aboard the plane when it left Chicago and accompanied her daughter on the flight home. The plane arived at O'Hare International Airport early today and Miss Sadauskas managed to sit up for the reunion with her father, brother and four sisters who had gathered at the airport to welcome her. "Somebody had to bring her home and we were the only ones who could do it," Emery said. "There was nothing coldhearted about the airlines refusing to take her. They're simply not equipped to do it. They can't keep oxygen going on one of those wide-bodied jets with people smoking and all ... there could be a big explosion. "So I just said 'We'll go get her."' Mrs. Harriet Almanza, one of Miss Sadauskas' sisters, said she doubted her sister could have come home without Emery's help. "We were trying all day to get somebody to do it. We're very grateful to him. We didn't expect it," she said. Miss Sadauskas learned of her illness a year ago and had been confined to a Chicago hospital until about three months -ago, when she was taken to Baltimore City Hospital, an affiliate of Johns Hopkins Medical Center, for a bone marrow transplant. there is a conspiracy to promote a shortage in anticipation of higher price levels," Zarb said. Zarb spelled out the administration's outlook for the near future as both the Senate and House focused attention on energy, particularly oil prices. The Senate Tuesday approved a six- month extension of oil price cbntrols and Speaker Carl Albert said the H"use_woiild take the same approach. Later today, President Ford is expected to submit to Congress his proposal to more than double >the per-barrel cost of oil over the next 30 months. Zarb said barring any oil price increase by the oil-producing nations, he estimated gas prices would rise from between two to five cents a gallon, varying in different parts of the country. "We don't anticipate shortages although there could be spot conditions. We see adequate crude stocks on hand and we see no need at the moment for shortages," Zarb said. The Federal Energy Administration, Zarb said, had found there were "abnormal gasoline stock drawdowns, with gasoline stock levels being reduced to 196 million barrels at the end of the first week in July. "It has been suggested that deliberate decisions to delay increasing refinery capacity utilization were made to firm up prices, even at the risk of creating a shortage. We have no evidence to demonstrate that this was the case." The reason for the lower levels of refining, Zarb said, were due in part to "an unusual number" of refinery malfunctions or accidents, surplus inventory stocks and underestimating gasoline demands in the early part of the summer. The showdown between the administration ano\ Congress on energy will come when Ford formally submmits his proposal, which would hike the price on about two-thirds of America's oil production from $5.25 to $13.50 a barrel. docking probe hung up because a wire connector shifted out of position and blocked a removal tool. Crippen radioed up instructions on how to fix it, and the astronauts reported a few minutes later that the probe had been successfully removed. The probe was used to clasp docking latches when the Apollo hooked up to its docking module Tuesday. It had to be removed so the pilots could move into the module and later the Soyuz. The problem was considered minor from the beginning and flight directors said there was no concern about it affecting this week's rendezvous and linkup plans. -Russian officials in Moscow, however, expressed some concern and were assured by U. S. technical representatives there that the problem could be overcome, The main catchup maneuvers begin Thursday morning. The Americans .will quickly overtake their Russian colleagues and rendezvous over South America shortly before 11 a.m. CDT. Of Events HOUSTON (UPI) - Timetable of major events today and Thursday for the Apollo-Soyu/. international spaccflight (all times CDT and subject to change): TODAY, JULY 16 7:46 a.m. - Soyuz maneuvers into' circular orbit 140 miles high. 9:20 a.m. - Apollo crew checks out the docking module. (TV). 3:42 p.m. - Apollo corrects orbit, if required, for rendezvous with Soyuz. 5:40 p.m. - Soyuz cosmonauts begin eight-hour sleep period. 8:20 p.m. - Apollo astronauts begin eight-hour sleep period. THURSDAY, JULY 17 1:20 a.m. - Cosmonauts awaken. 4:20 a.m. - Astronauts awaken. 6:30 a.m. - Twenty-eight minute telecast of operations in the Apollo command module. 7:54 a.m. - Apollo fires main engine to shift into 115 by 102-mile-high orbit, Soyuz is now 298 miles from Apollo. 8:10 a.m. - Tenrminute telecast of Apollo crew activities. 8:38 a.m. - Apollo uses main engine to move into orbit ranging from 115 to 128 miles high. Soyuz is now 167 miles from Apollo. 9:15 a.m. - Apollo maneuvers into orbit ranging from 12« to 128 miles high. 9:32 a.m. - Ten-minute telecast of Apollo crew activities. 12:14 a.m. - Apollo begins final phase of rendezvous maneuvers, switching into 139 by 128-mile-high orbit. Soyuz is now 24 miles away. 10:46 a.m. - Apollo begins to brake, goes into orbit 138 to 137 miles high. Soyuz is rapidly approaching. 11:15 p.m. - Apollo dockK with Soyuz. Both spacecraft are 13(1 miles high. (TV). 12:49 p.m. - Seven-minute Apollo telecast. 1:59 p.m. - Seven-minute telecast from the docking module. 2:17 p.m. - First crew transfer: Stafford and Slayton move from docking module to Soyuz, joining Leonov and Kubasov for initial greetings'. Flags and letters are exchanged. (TV). 3:14 p.m. - Joint flight certificate is signed in Soyuz, followed by joint meal in Soviet spacecraft. 4 p.m. - Five-minute telecast from docking followed by nineminute telecast at 5:14 p.m. 4:31 p.m. - Stafford leaves Soyuz, preceded by Slayton. 6:20 p.m. - Astronauts begin eight- hour sleep period; cosmonauts begin 7^"hour sleep period. Board Of Trustees OKs HCC Budget The Highland Community College 1975-76 fiscal year budget and tax levy were unanimously approved by the HCC Board of Trustees Tuesday night. The budget reflects estimated operating costs of $2,257,878, an approximate 10 per cent increase over last year's figure of $2,050,499. It incorporates a tax levy of $667,800 for the educational fund and $286,136 for the building and maintenance fund. Although revenue was estimated at $2,270,039 at the time the budget was presented, Gov. Daniel Walker trimmed $51.9 million from state higher education funds earlier this week, resulting in a reduction of about $46,000 for Highland. Dr. Howard Sims, HCC president, said the budget contains "sufficient contingency funds in addition to other deferred expenditure items that the loss of this revenue could be accommodated within the proposed budget." The contingency funds total $33,000: $25,000 in the educational fund and $8,000 in the building fund. In addition, a projected fund balance of $12,161 will be used to offset the cut and maintain a balanced budget. Dr. Sims said that Gov. Walker had signed Senate Bill 472 earlier in the day providing junior'colleges $10.2 million in additional state aid for the past fiscal year. The" additional payments were required because the community colleges enrolled more students last year than anticipated. The money was included as anticipated revenue in last year's HCC budget. The HCC budget was introduced two months ago and a public hearing, scheduled last month, was continued to Tuesday night. No questions were asked about the budget at Tuesday's meeting. Changes in three accounts within the general institutional category were explained by Dr. Sims and Richard Luthin, dean of business affairs. The salary account was reduced by $10,000 because of the resignation of Dr. Frederick Voda. The other category was increased by $5,000 and the contingency fund was increased $5,000, resulting in total expenditures remaining the same. Part of Dr. Voda's duties will be reassigned to- other personnel and a replacement will be hired at a lower salary. The other account increase will allow for Educational Innovation Grants, which were originally proposed for the 1974-75 year but later dropped. The contingency fund was in- Continued on page 4.) \

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