Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois on April 8, 1897 · Page 13
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Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois · Page 13

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Sterling, Illinois
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Thursday, April 8, 1897
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Page 13
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If* Mjdit th« San ,lo*« •• Th$ recently dtecq'reretf widespread [^ i»e«sm*nee of the worst known insect fruit, post of America, the San Jose 3eat<>, anrt thd itnmJnent danger of fe- &*avy ana continuous losses resnltlng Jlxsia the common dfstributlos of that Mssecf, fiavc stirred all the interests tn- -Belted io tmosual activity %ith a p* 'to escaping If possible from so fieriotiife ~" '' , The Ohio State^HOrtCmtltural Society 4i&8 lately issued a call lor a national conference to b-? held In Washington with a view to maturing and recom- . standing national and state legislation -for preventing the distribution of insects and fungi injurious to fruits. A preliminary conference.,0' official entomologists and professors of horticulture representing eight nbrth-cen- -„ trat states waa held in Chicago Jannary 29. and an important discussion \?RR had of measures to bo taken by -Jhe «eparat9~Bt8tes for Ifte Jfispectios of orchards, nursery stock; and the ."like, and especially for the detection j and destruction of the San Jose scale : . Wherever there is reason to suppose *; that it may have been Introduced. It c -ms the common Judgment of this con- <0reace that -both state and national -,.,,-jlatIon looking; to thesei ends has I "become Imperative.' Tha states irepre- ed, either by their official entomologists or by their Experiment Station ?rtlc\llturi8ta, were Ohio, Indiana, Jinois, Missouri, Iowa, Michlgan.Wis- atxaln and Minnesota. The following resolutions were adopted at this meeting: • ':'• • v<v '' • Resolved, That we recommend to the people of our respective states that in purchasing stock from • other, than pi home nurseries- they require a certifl- •cate- of inspection from such nursery specifying that such stock has been in- grown on grounds duly inspected, 'specifying the result of such inspection. »'*' : ', ' Resolved, .That we'Indorse the call of the Ohio State Horticultural Society for a National Convention to consider and recommend the most appropriate federal and state legislation for preventing the introductl&n and spread of noxious Insects. and fungi in the "United States; - The situation in Illinois, while less «orlouB than in. miny of the states ,far- thet east, calls nevertheless for imme- <H£te and energetic action. Seventeen colonies of the San Jose scale have thua far been' detected In different parts of the state from Waukegan' and Scales • Mound .on the north to Villa &ldge on the south,-and from Paris and Danville on the east to. Mollne, apd Alton on,the'west" One of areas infested, that .near Sparta, in ~coirnTy7ri^ ball a mile square and includes several orchards. •'•-•"'••• ' .. "••••• • '.'••- '•'.'-•"• -The State" Experiment Station- has now ready for the press' a bulletin , which seventeen thousand copfeF~wIir presently be issued. In the meantime, , those especially concerned should write'to the U. 8. Department of Agri-. culture, at Washington, D. C., for the '^bulletin of that department on the San ^ Jose scale. S. A. Forbes. State Entomologist. "The Farmer's Garden. Plan the berry garden as carefully '^as you would any (farm building. Start 'tight, and you sava-tlma in preparing "'-' the eoil, in setting the plants,"In'cultr- V'vatton and in all the details of the /» ."^wrk. Make a complete drawing or f'-'plan o* tho no* garden and work to 'this" plan in a regular systematic wayi ? Take a piece of 'heavy paper or a clean, fV smooth board and draw ten straight J 5 , lines, one inch 'apart and twenty^flve '"' inches long, these lines to represent jten rows ol plants- seven feet apart, draw cross lines one-half inch apart, the entire length of plat, malting just fifty cross Jlnes. The inter- 3 ''section of each cross Jine with the long If lipes represents the exact point where '* " ts should bo. set. , This requires fifty plants to the row, the plants feet apart in the'row.and.raws.175 ,feet Jong. Set strawberry plants Just ,Ilf tWs 1 distance each way, twenty^ Inches apart in the row and. rows "3% feet apart. ' Make a selection of the ou want, the number of each and the rows, they^are to oc- .—M. A. Thayer. Trimnjlng Grape Vines,—^.ny time la winter when the days are mild j- enough to work > out of doors will do trim grape vines. Some of the trong^growing varieties, _ especially Rogers seedlinga, require to . be pruned long. They, are loug between buds, and this shows that not ugh, wood was left : , tyie previous feay. Often the fruit on these rain-' jrowing ; yarietlea falls to set, the i of eap flooding the blossoms and Destroying them. When this .happens vino grpws all the stronger, fruit ring partly keeps.wood gvowlli la Afte? the fruit'has well set, if are too many, buds left the cer mijy be cut out, or, better still, S9 of the buB&kes pn each ,shoot *y be pluched off!, leaving the wood produce as niuca leaf as it can, so to belp the development and ripen- j «f the grapes,—Ex. .3P&a wiatera a»ve encouraged of seedlings, fout WQ get a winter that will most of the Eew fade, l>»Jry Notes. Yo*u will find that a man who makes »nre that he washes his hands clean before he milks his cows will make his dairy farm pay better than th« man will who does not do that. 0 It IB not that the money Is made by that one act, but if a man believes in the importance of little things he will make h!g Mslness successful. Moat men fail, not on the main fame; -feat on the 'Ifttlff "things'." ""•" Scientists tell us that sunshine Is ofie of thti best microbe killers and consumption cures. Dr. Stolker, Iowa state veterinarian, discovered on his trips through that state, . that those cattle stalled nearest the light, were freest from disease. This is a good point for dairymen to remember when overhauling f the barn or building a new one— i. e., put in more windows on the south side and have the stable so arranged that the cows may receive Jr. D. Coburn, before the Kansas State Dairy association: "Those who Were born tired, who lack what the phrenologist calls; continuity; who are without that uncomplaining patience, ^i^^rpiflej -Jn^lhe Average farmer's ^fej who etpecC't^ get out of any ma cntfle wore ta^bllhey feed into it; who are 'not willing to pay for and read a good dairy paper"; , who" do not like a cow and who don't wash before breakfast, are not cut out for dairying in Kansas or elsewhere." '.,'•, , A friend te|la us the following story and vouches for the truth of it: A neighboring farmer recently repurchased a cow which^he had t>ome three years before sold, to a southern gentleman. She had been, transferred to a farm in anobher state, and had passed through the usual ups and downs of a cow on the diversified-farm Plai2l5^j6tt2hrought^^^ home, and the r old stable door .opened sho walked in, and down the line, and without a second's hesitation sought and - placed herself In her old tie-up, and in every way seemed delighted. On the appearance of the mistress of the farm the cow lowed and manifested Joy unbounded. -Is there not ojdairy lesson ip this incident? In 'Furor ot tho Cow. A. 8. Notf, in an address before a farmers' institute at St. Joseph, Mo., said in part: ' Where are the contented, well-off farmers to-day? Are they In Texas and. the sunny South, where cotton is worth 4 cents a pound? Are they on the corn lands of Kansas and, Nebraska? Are they In the wheat regions of Minnesota and in the Northwest? No, they are in the famous Elgin dairy district of Illinois; the thrifty dairy section of .Iowa, the butter farms of Wisconsin,— tho— western —reserve -of Ohio, always noted for its cheese and gutter. .These are the most famous regions, but there are many smaller sections 'in' nearly all tie states, where butter and cheese, and in all of them the prosperous condition prevails because there is good profit in it, andTje- oause it Is cash. The cow, is always at work; while she. Is roaming over the pasture, nibbling here and there, ake is picking up money, and she carries it home; she selects money-producing elements, assorts them, grinds them, rectifies them, and brings the valuable parts to the bata. Perhaps you had not thought of that as you» watched old Brindle trudge .off to the pasture— tihat she was .going to her work, and that she would worlr all day- for you. Another strong point in her favor Is that she enriches the soil. You may^ devote your farm to cows for one, two or ten years/and it is more fertile and richer .every year— while if you raise grain it is juut that much poorer every year. Now ^he cow has done her part —will you do yours? Will you set, a few pans of milk and churn the cream off them into a bit of feeble-looking, white "butter in winter, or a thin, greasy 'stunt 'In •summer, that -you are ashamed to take to the store? '; Canadian Cheese Exports.— Our cheese exports are Increasing as a result of laws against filled cheese, whic> have given renewed confidence to English cheese consumers. . But the kinds of cheese which are Bent abroad are not such aa English and French dairymen send to this country; and sell at- gli' prices, such,as Stlllton and Cheddar cheeses, made in England, or -the Brie cheese, -which is chiefly made ty France/and mainly from cream. The Neufchatel Swisa cheese is also made from cream. These choice varieties of cheese are usually made very small, and enclosed with some kind Of covering. They are so tender, because .of the cream they contain that they would fall to piecea if made large or if not protected.— -Canadian Exchange, ; Make Good Butter,-— If a farmer purposes to engage In dairying only to add to the slock of poor ibutter with which we are already deluged, toe would- better stay out; 'but with our advanced know!-' edge there is no use for this at all. There never was a time in which there has been an over-supply of really good butter in our markets. The gilt-edged article always finds the ready buyer at a 'higb price.— Ex. Small Dairy Cows.— The auestion ot large or small cows in the dairy is being narrowed down into a small comes, and there are but a few who still claim that a cow for the d^iry is valuable in proportion to her weight. The dais'y achpols are tor t&t a great I'wft. The St. Ix!iii« Butchers' and Pack 1 ers' Magazine ia paying some attention to the question of Canadian pork. TShe.Magaiilne gives the claims of the Canadians in the following sentences: 1. The great progress the pork-packing *.rade has made in the lafit few years in Canada, completely changing the business here. Formerly nearly all pur requirements were -imported-f rpm the United States, j>ut now Canada supplies nearly all ita wants by Canadian products. In 1886 the Imports Into Canada amounted to 26,000,000 pounds of meats; last year the imports were reduced to only 4,000,000 pounds. Ouf exports-have Increased at a still greater ratio, In 1886 being 9,000,000 pounds, whertas In 1895 the exports were 42,000,000 pounds. 2. The benefit to farmers in having a market at all packing centers considerably over the prices paid In the -linked- Statea -packlng^points^ ^1 - 5. Tfie bearihg'lt has on the butler and cheese Industries, stimulating the raising of hogs in connection with the butter and cheese factories throughout the country. This is especially applicable to the Province of Quebec, and we look for a large increase in hog raising in the Province on these lines. 4. The bearing the speculative markets In Chicago have on the pack- Ing business here, where at times, by reason of a short or long speculative interest, they are enabled to advance or depress value without any relation to its cost or intrinsic value. A packer in Canada would not stock up as should be done in the packing season, as he would be at the mercy of any sudden . change in the speculative mar< kets in Chicago. • 6. Cost to consumers— We believe that, with tho large supplies in Can ada, ""and the Competition amongst Burners generally is Itess than if importing was depended upon; in any case, in only two or three articles ia cost raised, whereas, in the other articles more generally used, the cost is s ]ess than in the United States. 6. W«hY° u ' d also draw your attention to cottonseed oil. This is imported frb*ri' the United States, and pays a duty of 20 per cent., or three-fourths cents, per pound. It Is used to make compound lard to sell against pure lard. It does not seorn to the packing trade that this Is an equitable rate of duty, and we would suggest that it be changed to at least 30 per cent, on edible cottonseed oil, but not to affect the oil imported for soapmakers or other purposes. • ' ... ' ftt* Horses. It is a common practice for liverymen to use sawdust as .bedding for horses where that is abundant . and grain we should advise you to save what is needed for bedding, no matter though the sawdust be offered free. SaWdust with 'manure makes it very scarcely any manurlal value. Market gardeners object to having sawdust in manure piles, though they always con> post their manure before using. It is better to use either bedding as economically as possible, and without doubt long straw bedding can be used with lass .waste than can sawdust/ partly because it is less absorptive. The excrement, either liquid or solid, passes through the straw without doing more than discolor it. So. by shaking out and drying the straw can be tised repeatedly until it_has rotted and broken^ up.' The liquid manure is best saved, not by absorbent bedding, but by a layer of three or four inches of wood loam underneath the horse : or cow. Tals also is much better for horses' feet than standing on bard floors, either of wood or concrete. A little chopped straw lying on this earth will prevent the animal from being soiled with it. The earth flooring should ba cleaned out once a week and replaced with new. With tho excrement it has absorbed it will then be quite rich, but if the loam is scarce it may be dried and used repeatedly until it has ab^ sprbed all it is capable of holding,-^American Cultivator, .Cattle and Feed in Kansas.—What Kansas, need^ is enough cattle to eat the feed raised. Prpbably enough feed will go to waste there this winter to feed twice the number of cattle that are there now, and the'same may be eald of the grass of last summer, or of the coming season. As to the competition In the-beef market, aa A the honest fear of some people mgaged in raising native beef in the corn-feeding states, that the Mexican steer is'a detrimental competitor, what are the facts in the case? Considering the immensity of the beef production, the Mexican imports of cattle, though they'rise to ten-fold the importance of the past year (which, as further shown, is a physical impossibility), are an insignificant percentage of the whole, as is proven by the statistics!—Ex.' Our Cattle in Mexico.—Mexico is again buying hogs.and also cattle of the United States, having reduced her tariff. Kansas City sold Mexico in the year 1896, a3,374 heavy-weight hogs at a valuation of over $400,000. If cared for and not deliberately thrown away, the trade in live stock, including hogs, will shortly show a balance ia favor of the United States. When corn is worth 2 cents a pound, aa in Mexico, the hog cannot be, fattened to advantage.—Ex. The tlma to buy stock is when stock cheap. • Too many, 'buy 93 a "as"' New R*«n«sdj- for Ths Indiana experiment station" bulletin 43 says: Potato scab is a source of material loss to those who grow potatoes for the market, and a great blemish in all cases. It is one of the triumphs of •practical botany that the cause of thia trouble has been traced to a minute germ that feeds on the surface of the potato tuber, and to a less extent on other fleshy roots and tubers. It has also been found that & suitable fungl- cido will kill the germs on the tubers without injuring the growth Of the potatoes. Corrosive sublimate meets these requirements and^as been advocated by the Purdue experiment eta- .tlon, where its application originated. Bo effective has It been found, so cheap and easy to apply, that many large growers, who get extra prices for their crops by having high'grade product, have adopted the treatment aa a regular thing. The.deadly poisonous nature^of "corT6Blv8 7 fBubIlmatei- however, •has kept it from coming into general use. It is, therefore, considered a mat* ter of considerable moment to be able to announce the discovery of a new fungicide for potato scab, one that ia thoroughly efficient and not poisonous. The new substance is formalin (sometimes called formaldehyde), a watery eolutlSn of a gaa, not very expensive, and rapidly coming into favor as a general antiseptic, so that it is likely to become still cheaper and better known. It Is sold by the fluid ounce, and, can be obtained at most drug stores. The method of using the new fungicide is very simple. Eight ounces of the formalin are added to 15 gallons of water, and in this the eeed potatoes are soaked for two hours. After taken fromthobath they can be cut and planted as usual, either at once or after some time. Formalin is not corrosive, and -BO-oaa-hg,-iH<aii_|ii_ftn_y kind ^ and not being poisonous, thenTare no particular precaution^ to be observed. It does, however, make the hands smart, if there are any raw spots, and the fumes Irritate.the eyes and throat. But these are only slight annoyances. Further Information about formalin and its use as a fungicide will be given in a 'bulletin to be Issued in.a short time. The potato crop of the state of Indiana reaches annually the large figure of over 90,000 acres, and nearly 6,'000,000 bushels, and. is sometimes larger. The treatment of the seed tubers as here recommended, will materially raise the market value of the crop, and prove a source of profit of no mean proportion. Try it. , J. C. Arthur, Botanist. Cultivating Lima Beans. . Lima beans are almost without exception a favorite dish. ; On the tables of the rich and poor alike they are ac- ciptable; yot~itM8-generally—the-rlch alone who have them, from.the fact that they are able t6 get.their supply from the market. The poor man either grows his or goes without. The Llmas .require;.quite a•_little.,;extra care and fostering, but this is well expended if a good crop can .bo secured. May is near and by the second or third week we should begin preparations for the crop. This will seem very late to many, yet nothing is gained by planting too early. If they are the/varieties that may bo poled, we will give each hill plenty of room; say three and one- half feet between , rows, an£ two and one-half feet apart. Around each polo a large quantity of well-rotted manure should be thoroughly worked into tho soil and then eight or ten beans plant- ecL_ A Lima bean wants .to be planted right side up', too. It wiirpay to" give a little attention to this seemingly unimportant detail. Then be sure to seed heavily enough. Better too many in each hill than that only a few straggling plants toe found. When they begin to creep up the pole, keep the lat- uals that are only a drain upon the strength and vitality of the vine pinched back. "They don't mature and I can't make them." This is the complaint beard on all sides from would-be Lima bean • growers. Keep the vines pinched back to mature the few that do set and this difficulty will be surmounted!—Success with the Garden. '••"•.Farm Work.—Most farm work is experimental. There are a. few ruts wiliich all farmers get into, but aside from • these, almost everything the farmer does is ao subject to varying conditions that iia result cannot be surely forecasted. For his- own protection the farmer is obliged to try both early and late seeding. _Sometimes one anil sometimes the other will produce ;the best results. Thus each yejir every [armer must be accumulating new facts to modify his -previous conclusions. They ftro, too, facts that are generally used appreclatingly, for they are reasoned 'about by men who know that their succesa depends on making, nse of what their dealing with nature has .aught them. Yet none the less such farmers read with interest of experiments made on farms devoted exctlu^ slvoly- for euch purposes, and ivhich, jelng supported by the state, can wake experiments that are Impossible for av- rage farmers.—Ex. Reclaiming €ld Farms.—New England farms are all being taken up by ,hri£ty farmers who find the beau mar- icets in the world for farm, dairy and joultry products. Grain and hay and many other products are in constant demand at 25 to EO per cent higher prices than western farmers get in all .be manufacturing towtus amd villages, well as the large cities. Variety ot briars in the r^vstiue eou- The Hayes Planters- The Tiiomas Disc, The Sattley Spring Lift The Corn Queen and Maiden Cultivator, The Hummer Sulky and Gang* .j^?^!*^ The Superior Force Feed Seeder, The dale Steel Lever Harrow/ The Weber Wagon, The Aermotor Windmill, The Meyer's Pumps and Cylinders, . ' And a full line of Buggies, Carriages aad Boad Wagons. \ j^*s\ r^"' " Tfv.rii V"*v ^* GQE -..BROS. To Those in Need of Disk Harrows and Corn Planters. We-are prepares W "otter' tfie 'farmers ' in this vicinity exceptional bargains In DISK HARROWS alia CORN PLANT- ' " • ' .-'•„•..' a J ERS, furnishing machines that are unequalled for simplicity, durability, and; superior quality of work, and urge that all parties interested call and inspect our samples and get our figures for Cash, before making purchases of goods in this line. : : : : : : : : •• : T ,-- \ ROCK FALLS, ILLINOIS. THE STERLING Job Printing a ° d Book Binding. Work Unexcelled. Prices Reasonable; , , Office Thoroughly Equipped for all Classes of Work. The New York Weekly Trite FOB . member of EVERY family on EVEBY farm, in EYEBY Village, in EVEBY State or FOR Education, • FOB Kobie Manhood, FOR True Womanhood. »'• IT GIVES all important uews of tbe IT GIVES all importantjiews of the World j IT GIVES tbe most reliable market reports IT GIVES brilliant and iastroetiye editorial^ IT GIVES fascination short stories. v, | IT GIVES aii auexeelled agrkalteral department. IT GIVES seientifie and mechanical i ST;0Iv88 illastrated 11' '-GIVKS humorous i It GIVES entertaipieiit to yoim^ ani «Jt IT GIVES satisfaction everywhere W8 FurMsh "THE STAIIDARD" and'%-Y. WEEKLY T8I@Mlfl ! ONE YEAR FOR $1.75. in Advance. THE i Addreae all orders to Wrlto your titmu nutl *U<S«!SK tm » {>v>i>t«l t-wrd, *«IM| it 10 tsats CWy

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