The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on January 17, 1945 · Page 1
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 17, 1945
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To r.'^V Comp,. THE lOLA STER Xancas VOLUME XLVIII No. 70 The Weekly Register, EslnbliBhed 186T: TUe lola Unily Kegister, Kstablished 1897. lOLA, KXS., WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 17, 1945. i BaceeatoT to The lola Daily R«tiBter, Tlta lol* Daily Record, and lola Daily Index. SIX PAGES Third Fleet Roams China Sea at Will Jap Planes And Fleet In Hiding Halsey's Fleet Planes Hammer China Coast Cities for Three Days Without Opposition By LEIP ERICKSdN U. S. Pacific Fleet Head- quarter.s. Pearl Harbor, Jan. 17. (AP)—Third fleet'plane.s brushed aside weak Japanese air vovi'v alonp 350 miles of the South China coast, sank or damajred at least 30 enemy .=;hips and spread bomb destruction through the big Takao naval base on Formosa, spacious docks at Hongkong and the harbor at Canton Saturday, Sunday and Monday. Not ii Japanese plane appeared ovci- Hone, Kong, a city of mort; than 1,000,000 \)eopU-\ a,s Hellcat.s, Helldiver.s and Avengers tore into the Royal Navy and Talkoo dociiS Monday.^ Not a Japanese plane defended Canton. Whole Storj- Not Told At least 104.000 tons of enemy shipping was sunk or damaged. Among these, a destroyer and de- stroyer-e-scort were sunk and a IV.OOO-ton tanker left listing. That only begins to tell the story. The navy has yet to report any of the results foi- Saturday when the air arm of Adm. William F. HaJsey'.s Third fleet struck Formosa and the South China ports of Amoy. Swatow and Hong Kong. That raid was disclo.sed Monday. • Yesterday, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz said the carrier planes continued the attacks Sunday and Monday on Formosa and the China coast. Including Canton. Swatow and Hong Kong. Then he Issued •'preliminary incomplete reports." The.se will be filled out later. Airforrc Is Weak Even the preliminary accounts tring out the.se startling points: 1. The puny showing of the enemy airforces, suggesting it lacks the diversified strength to spread out along the Asiatic shores while at the .same time challenging the Superfortre.s.ses over Japan and attempting to impede American inva- .sion progiPss on Luzon in the Philippines; 2. The aerial belting given Nip- iwn 's sorely needed oil tankers and oil stores; and 3. Tlie ability ol Admiral HaLsej to roam the .South China sea unchallenged by Japan's navy and unimpeded by her continental air pcwer. In a back-.ind-forth .sweep'alons more than l.L'OO mlle .s of the A.sia- tic con.st from Amoy, South China, lo Saigon, Fienth Indo-Chlna, .since January 8. the Third fleet air arm ha,s .sunk or damaged more than 300.000 ton.s of enemy shipping, knocked out more than 250 enemy planes and smashed vital docks and defen.se installations. The Weather KANSAS—Light rain tonight, po.sslbly mixed with snow northwest portion; Uttlfe change in temperatures; lowest middle 30's except 30 northwest; Thursday light rain east and central; partly cloady extreme west, slightly warmer. Temperature—Highest for the 24 hours ending 5 p. m. yesterday, 36, lowest last night 33; normal lor today 32; deficiency yesterday 2 degrees; exce.ss since January 1, 14 degrees; this date Ia .st year—higii- est 45; lowest 28. Precipitation for the 24 h.iuis ending at 8 a. m. today, trace; total for this year to date, .04; deficiency since January 1, .66 inches. Sunrise 8:37 a. m.: .set 6:28 p. m. Thermograph Readings Endin.:,'' 8 a. th. Today. 9 a. m 27 ' 9 p. m One-Third OfWay To Manila .lap Tank-Led Counter- Attack On Left Flank Smashed As Main Body Of Yanks Rolls Ahead 3.3 10 a. m 27 11 a. m 27 12 noon 28 1 p. m. 2 p. m. 3 p. m. 4 p. m. 5 p. m. 6 p. m. 7 p. m. 8 p. m. .. 28 . .30 .34 .36 34 . .34 .34 33 10 p. m. 11 p. m. 12 m 1 a. m. 2 a. m. 3 a. m. 4 a. m. 5 a. m. 6 a. m. 7 a. m. 8 a. m. 33 33 33 .33 33 No Cigarette Rationing Here R. G. Ferguson, manager of the C. & F. Mercantile company which distributes cigarettes in this area, says that there will be no "private rationing" of cigarettes in this territory. Suggestions along that line have appeared in the newspapers and on the radio in recent days. Since no government rationing program is planned because cigarettes are "unessential," heads of the tobacco business have devised a private plan wliereby wholesalers and dealers might install a card rationing plan of their own—if they want to. Mr. Ferguson declares that the idea is fantastic,^ that it would be utterly impossible' to work it out in practice, and that he wouldn't touch it with a ten-foot pole. Ever since the cigarette shortage became acute, the C. & P. Mercantile company has been rationing cigarettes to dealers in ratio t6 their previous sales. Dealers, in tiu-n, have been rationing them to customers in one manner and another, each according to the best plan he could devise. Mr. Ferguson thinks that the result comes just about as near to a fair distribution of the supply as can be expected—certainly near- r than the proposed card system. At any rate, there wll be no rationing of cigarettes here, governmental or through the tobacco industry, in the forseeable future. The supply, accordiiig to Mr. Ferguson, continues to dwindle. Prev- By C. YATES McDANIEL Gen. MacArthur's Headquarters, Luzon, Jan. 17. (AP)—A small-.scale Japan- S3 i ese counter-attack slowed the i left flank of the broad Sixth army sweep down the Central Luzon valley but advance units rolling along a centra! 23 highway already are one- 33 third of the way to Manila, 33 still finding only token resistance. Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced today the Yanks reached Moncada. 32 road miles from Llnga- veii jriilf. Monday, but a headquarters siwkesman conservatively placed tne deepest point of penetration along the main north-south highway as 45 highway miles from the B\iU and 33 from Manila. I These mileage figures might put advance units well beyond Moiir cada, perhaps on the approaches to the important city of Tarlac.) Find Only Patrols Another tank-led spearhead on the west side of the plain was past captured Camiling, moving south and east. The southern arm of this group was traversing a mountain road which joins the main highway at Tarlac, atwut 70 , miles from Manila. Field reports said both column-s (were finding nothing stronger than an occ.i.sional enemy patrol, wliich was quickly dispersed. On MacArthur's left flank, how- c-ve;-, American artillery pounded Japanese stubbornly holding ridges commanding the only north-south road in the Luzon plain still remaining to the enemy. Sni,ish Counterattack Iri this .Hector, south and southwest of RAjsaiio. American progress toward Pozorrubio was slowed Sunday night by a Japanese counter- r.tiack in which .imall tanlcs were u.-ed by the enemy. U. S. artillery Urges Speed On Draft FDR Asks Congress To Act Promptly On Work or Fight Law BY VnLLIAM F. ARBOGAST Washington, Jan. 17. (AP)—President Roosevelt, renewing his demand for national service legislation, told congress today "it is vital that total offense should not slacken." Mr. Roosevelt accompanied lus letter with one from top army and navy chiefs disclosing that personnel losses sustained by the army in the. past two months have 'taxed the replacement system to the breaking point." The chief executive said need lor n .Ttional service legislation and lor control of 4-F's has increased in the past two weeks. Urges Speed In a letter to Chairman May (D.-Ky.) of the hou.se military committee, Mr. Roo.sevelt said he' hoped May would Impress upon iiis committee and the committer ujwn congress the importance of a'-tion "without delay." Mr. Roosevelt asked for speedy aclioVi, he said, ".so '..hat new.s may go to our fighting men that they _ _ , _ _ can go all out with confidence ti^u I broke up thisTounterblow,'theTlrst they cannot exhaust the supphe.s wi- : „{ nic week-old invasion. The effort the enemy is making to cclay the northeastern expansion of the American beachhead so far ha;; confirmed Filipino reports that the bulk of the Japanese forces in WARSAW IS FREED Mighty Red Drive The Bulge Disappears WESTERN FRONT Momentum U. S. First and Third armies join west of HoufTalize, pinching off Nazi I ear guards and enter town. Yanka take Novllle and retake Foy in outflanking i'oad hub of Houffalize. First' army retakes Thirlmont and stands si% miles from St. Vlth. last Nazi bastion In'bulge. The Third H army edges nearer WUtz.—(NEA Telephoto.) Anti-Japanese Feeling Crops Out in Oregon Portland. Ore., Jan. 17. (AP)— Antl-Japar^se feeling manifested Itself in a'new way In two Oregon communities today as signs appeared In'^tore windows warning returning JJlsei that "no Jap trade" is solicited. Placards' sprouted throughotit the Hood River valley, where the American Legiob post recently provoked bitter controversy by erasing names of Japanese-American soldiers from its honor »^ roll. Groceries, repair shops and^'flUlng stations joined in the move. GIs Put Off Plane To Make Room For Elliott's Dog are sending them ;vnd thut information may come to our enemies that there will be no slackening of our total offease until they iay down their arms." Anttoch,, CaUf., Jan. 17. (AP)— Seaman First Class Leon LeRoy, 18. was home on an emergency leave tpday wlttj the story that his re- tiirn was lield up because h«, an Istcm^nSasurM'by cair^^^ authorities army sergeant and a Seafaee were (apparently have broken up these Slay Fellow Prisoners # Gei^tapo-Like Method^ • Used in Camps Here Against Anti^Nazis Washington. Jan. 17. (AP)—Six German prisoners of w-ar have been slain and, tyo others forced by fel • low prisoners to' ta^e their own lives in Internment camps in the United States, the war department disclosed today. With: the exception of one, all the victims. 'Were accused of turning traitor' against Germany by giviiig information to American officials or expressing anti-Nazi views, the department said. iThe penalties were imposed by "kangaloo courts" of prisoners and carried" out by Gestapo-like gai>gs during ithe night. Some of the victims Were beaten, others hanged: None Since -April The ...war ' department said that "bumped off" &n army; plane at Memphis, Tenn., to make room lor a dog coT^lgned to Mts. Elliott Roosevelt, daughter-in-law of the president ^nd known to the Hollywood screen as Faye Enierson, actress. LeRoy, a gunner in a navy tanker, said ths dog had an "A" priority rating while he had only a "C." He saidj he was granted the emergency leave and the priority In his letter to May, the presiden* , tiic central Luzon areas started to P""lng hlin aboard the artny cargo ' " 'withdraw northeastward Into the at Newark, N. J., because, recalled that in hi.s state ol ili unicn message he had urged nutioniil service legislation, together with a measure for more effective utilization of 4|000.00l) 4-Fs. .Need Has Increased "The urgent need of IhLs legisia- lion has nut les.se!!ed. but has increased since ihc sending ol my mfssage," ho .said. The measure pending In the house military coDimlttee is not a complete national service law. Mr. Roosevelt wrote, but it will go far to .secure effective employment in the mountains by the time the Sixth army invaded the Island. Dominate Skies American warplanes, dominating tin- Luzon skies, supported the southward drive with destructive attacks on key enemy bridges, communication lines, assembly areas and airdromes the length of the island. Bombers damaged runways and airdrome installations and destroyed many parked planes at Aparri, Clark and Batan?as airfields. Night patrol 'combers struck Forwar effort of all selective service | mosa. Japan's big supply funnel for registrants 18 to 45. Furthermore,; t he PhiUppines, for the fourth he .said, prompt action is more im-' portant than perfecting details. Chairman May (D.-Ky.) said earlier he would read Mr. Roosevelt's letter to his committee behind clo.sed doors and would insist that it follow the president's urgings at once. straight night, hitting Okayama air base on the southwest coast, Mopplng-up operations on bloody Leyte Lsland resulted in a two-day bag of 969 Japanese killed and 12 captured. YOUR HONOR! Columbia, S. C, Jan. 17. (AP)— I Judge N. M. Mann of St. Matthews former ship's cook w-ho (lied Mon- GRATITUDE Seattle, Jan. 17. (AP)—German- born Otto Kalbe, 76, butcher and cant escape his legal training. Concluding an address to the day, left his entire estate, $3,000, "to the United States of America on his arrival at New York Jan. 4, he learned his father, Al LeRoy. former Awtloch police chief, had died Dec. ^. teRoy said instructions which went with the dog's crate, "which •was so Ji»rge It required three seats." said the animal was the property pf Col. Elliott Roosevelt and was jionslgned to his wife at Los Angeles. Warsaw 16th European Capital to Be Freed (By tho Associated Press) The liberation of Warsaw increases to 16 the number of European capitals freed from Axis domination by AlUed forces. The capitals in order, are: Rome, Italy; Wilno, Lithuania; Paris, France; Bucharest, Riunanla; Brussels, Belgium; Monaco, Monaco; Luxembourg, Luxembourg; Sofia, Bulgaria; Helsinki, Finland; Tallinn, Estonia; San Marino, San Marino; Riga, Latvia; Athens, Greece; Belgrade, Yugoslavia; Tirana, Albania; and Warsaw, Poland. Of the five capitals still under Axis domination, Budapest, Hungary, probably will be the next to fall. The Red army is reported to hold 90 per cent of the city. The other four are: Oslo, Norway; Prague, Czechoslovakia; Am s t e r d a m, Holland; and Copenhagen, Denmark. And then of course—there's still Berlin. activities since thi-re has been no record. of similar incidents since April, 1944. Speedy court martials of suspects were inaugurated and special protection was provided for prisoners who feared they --vfould be harmed. Many of the • witne-s-se;; refused to testify, evidently in fear of reprisals frcjm Gestapo &arigs. The case of Captain Tropschuch, a prisoner ^ at Camp Concordia,! Kansas, who was ostracized by his comrades after Gestapo agents found a diary in which he had UnderHeavy Nazi Yoke Five Years Mass Arrests, Mass De; portations, and Mass Murders Fail to Break Spirit of Brave City (By the Associated Press) : After five years and four ttionths of savage existence under the Germans, Warsaw, the first capital of Europe to fall before the victorious 'armies of Adolf Hitler, has been freed. ; During the years since Hitler tilunged the world Into the present conflict Warsaw has withstood two long and bloody sieges. On September 27, 1939, the city fell to the Germans after 20-day of epic resistance during which the Nazis released their "total war" agahift the ancient capital high on the west bank of the Vistula, .{jprlsing Fails ; On August 1, 1944, Polish patriots within the city, fired by the i approach of the Russian army, rose in revolt against the Germans. The ftussians failed to break through the Nazi defense ring around the tlty and for 63 days the Polish underground fought on with supplies dropped by Allied planes. Finally on October 3 Lt. Gen. Tadeusz Komorowski (Gen. Bor) announced his partisan forces had siurendered. ^ The futile, bloody uprising caused serious political repercussions among the Allies, which German propaganda quickly utilized. : Before the Polish capital fell to the Germans in 1939 more than 60.000 persons of whom more than half were women and chUdren had! Roode river at two points and been killed by Nazi dive-bomber , . .... -n e n- attacks and heavy artillery bar- 1 dnven into the Village ot Uie- t^?^^\..^^I.}^'^ civilians I teren, 23 miles above Aachen, and still were progressing today through the icy ground haze. Their attack started with a massive artillery barrage—Field Marshal British Batter Ahead Gain 1,000 Yards in Haze of Fog and Ice; Bulge Is Now Nowhere Deeper Than 15 Miles By JAMES M. LONG Paris, Jan. 17. (AP) — Fresh and rested British troops, in a resumption of the Allied offensive, have gained 1,000 yards, crossed the Little Krakow Is Also Taken Stalin Announces 25- Mile Gain On 63-Mile Front in New Drive To North of Warsaw were wounded. Resistance Continues When the present war broke vicious German air raids on the suburbs of the city were reported the first day. On September 27 the German high command announced the city had "CHpitulflted unconditionally." But its fall did not end the populations' resistance to the Nazis. Five years afterwards — years of persecutions and cruelty unequalled in " Montgomery's military trademark— apparently caught the Germans napping. The Tommies captured at least one bridge over the Roode intact as written his; dislike of Nazllsm was they advanced, ghostly in white the history of Eurojje durii\g! capes, through a relatively soft spot South Carolina senate he turned to as an expression of gratitude In the presiding officer and began, i being granted the privUeges of citl- "So, Mr. foreman of the jury." ' zenship," his will has disclosed. Says Filipinos Ran From Japs, But Cheered When A mericajis Came BY ALVA DOPKING Mangaldan.. Luzon. (AP)—The mayor of this Uttle town leaned back in his swivel chair at the municipal building and relaxed. The war was up ahead—at least he hoped it was. The short. oUve-skinned leader of the town of 3,000 had a lot to say about the difference in "my people's" attitude toward Americans and toward Japanese. "When the Japanese came here in 1941 our people ran away from their homes." he said. "When you came they lined the streets to cheer." The mayor was smrounded by a half dozen prominent fellow townsmen, all of them grinning and bowing, all eager to give bits of information that might be helpful. How did the Japanese treat his invasion money and passed it around to his listeners. "Souvenirs," he grinned. Doughboys standing around thanked him and carefully tucked the worthless notes In their billfol(3s clong with their American money. The mayor was anxious to plea.se but he knew little of what had happened outside his own municipality. He did complain bitterly about thc- Japanese turning their artillery liorses out to graze on young rice his people had planted. Diu-ing the last days the Japanese were here, the mayor said, travel facilities were limited. The enemy crowded the little trains bound for Manila. And besides, the mayor explained, iht railroad fare increased nearly 40-fold under Japanese control. After American aircraft began bomb- ! people? The mayor responded to ^ ious to January 1, his company was that one quickly. They had slapped ing Manila, the mavor said, rail receiving about 70 per cent of its Filipino faces for nothing, invaded transportation ceased and the only purchases during the base period of ; the privacy of their homes, and i means of travel was by truck. But Sgt, Howard Lockwood Missing in Action S. Sgt, koward J. Lockwood, son of Mr. and Mrs. Jess R. Lockwood, 406 North Fourth street; has been missing in action in Germany since December 16, according to information r^eived this morning. He was serviijg with the medical corps. Sgt. Lockwood enlisted in the army about four years ago and has been overseas since October, 1944. His wife lives at Eagle Grove, Iowa. He was bpTxi in Tola and attended school here. Mr. &nd Mrs. Lockwood have another sort S. Sgt. John' L. Lockwood, who has been in the service for about-14 years and is now stationed In the Aleutian Islands. A granddaughter, Cpl. Virginia Durrett, is a;member of the WAC In New Oulrifea and a grandson. Lloyd Tetters, W. O., is In Italy. cited as an illustration of the terrorism.* Hcimdcd to Suicide TropKchuch, the war department, said, w^s called before a "court of honor". composed of German officers, denounced as a traitor and stripped of :hls officer insignia. He %as hounded and txwed by other prisoners', then was left alone in his room'with two German offi-f- cers posted- outsicle. A short time later b% wa^ found hanged. A note which'he apparently was forced to sign sidd. that he had voluntarily taken 'Ws own lift but the otticial medical inquiry attributed his death to mrtital and perhaps physical coercion. The'war department said that, in addition to the two suicides, Gestaipo activities were blamed for five "of the six kUlings. [.which the Gestapo carried out mass i in German defenses. British dlvls- Pfc. .1Cha,rIes Neighbor Wounded in Action murders, mass deportations and mass arrests—German soldiers were not allowed to walk the streets of the city alone. Unlike the people of the other occupied coimtrles, the Poles got no clothing coupons. They had to go on wearing their pre-war clothes. The cost of living rose 50 times, yet the (Continued on Pajre 6, No. 1) Snow to Cover State by Night Topeka, Jan. 17. (AP)—Freezing rain was falling this rooming in 'north central and eastern Kansas and Weatherman S. D. Flora predicted it would turn to snow and cover the entire state by nightfall. "Travel will be dangerous and difficult," Flora said. Traces of freezing rain were re{ported from (Concordia, Philllpsburg iand Topeka. Light snow was falling Pfc.:charles Neighbor was slight-i a' OoodJand and WlchlU had re- Albert M. Duggan Dies in California • Albert H. Duggan, former lolan, died on .January 15 at Ventura. CaUf., where he has made his home for sc\'era:l years. He was 83 years old. His wife died on January 10, 1944. Mr. Duggan leaves a daughter, Mrs. J. P. Ebert, lola, five sons, four living InrCalLtomla and one In'i Wichita, a brother, Charles Duggan, lola; three sisters, Mrs. Charles Pry and Charles Bishop, lola, and Mrs. Dan Wilson, Pueblo. Colo. ly woi^nded In action In Germany on January 's, according to a message ?eceived last night by his mother, Mrs. Josephine Neighbor, I 301 Sd. Buckeye, In July he was; particularly cold weather was wounded in Prance by the explo- J'Jght. corded .01 tach of rain. Snow fell overnight at Kansas City and St. Joseph, Mo. In predicting snow, Flora said no in slon of a German shell. He recovered from these Injuries and rejoined his unit on November 14. Neighbor took part in the assai ^t upon St. Lo and his regiment, the. 116th Infantry, won fame for its heroic^ actions during the entire Normandy Campaign. Pvt.. Neighbor holds both the \ Ooodland was both the warmest and coldest state point reporting yesterday with extremes of 48 and 24. . Temperatures today and tomorrow arc expected to range from 34 to 42 and tonight from 20 to 30 reading from east to west hi the state. SS1^1>^.''^ '^i'S^^P^""^ 700 Service Men Back from Pacific Lt. Ix^onard Lucas Awarded Air Medal Pet. Samuel Guglielmo Killed in Action . 1 San Pedro, Calif., Jan. 17. (AP) ! Tears, laughter, romance and the X i livid memcHies of war tragedies been';sailed Into port aboard a navy Lt .};jeonard E." Lucas has -^v.. >—^v. ...v awarded thv Air Medal for excep-| transport. tlonally meritorious achievement 1. Fresh from battle areas of the while -participating in sustained i Pacific, the transport yesterday Pvt; Sainuel Guglielmo, formerly ' of lola, was killed in action re-ihusbafjd is overseas. bomber combat operations over enemy occupied Europe, according ,to Information J; received by his wife, the former Miss Betty Haney of loja. She is', living with her parents. Mr. and Mrs. M. O. Haney, while her brought back 700 service men—, some well, some wounded—and 200 burg, civilians, including war brides and war widows. Also aboard were two young Chi- lons in the attack had not been engaged In the battle of the Belgian bulge, now reduced to about a fourth its original size. Fog Shrouds Action The fog which shrouded the attack of Infantry and tanks also slowed the progress of the British, who could hardly see theh: buddies along the assault line. Roads were glazed with ice and sleet this morn- tag kept them slippery. Underneath all were massive German mtae fields, planted durtag three months of lull. To the south, the German saUent in the Ardennes was flattened back until nowhere was it more than 15 miles deep. The U. S. First army was battertag relentlessly down from the north toward St. Vith, last main road gate back to the Siegfried line. A few German snipers were being hunted down in. the ruins of fallen Houffalize. In the Magtaot Itae battle north of Haguenau forest, the U. S. Seventh army had withstood three days of an increasingly powerful German attack agahist the village of Hatten and was islowly beating the Nazis back from the town. Three- fourths of It was in Allied hands; some 2,200 Germans with flame- throwing tanks were In the other fom-th. Almost 1,000 U. S. planes. 700 of them heavy bombers, roared over Germany, and plastered oil plants and subamrine installations in the greater Hambittg area. Other bombers battered freight traffic in northwest Germany. In Italy U. S. patrols attempting to reach San Ansona, west of the Florence-Bologna road, were turned back in bitter flghtmg yesterday. Sharp patrol skirmishes flared all across the Italian front. More than 1200 RAP bombers, resuming the offensive on German fuel supplies, dumped 6,000 tons of explosives on synthetic oil plants near Leipzig and in Brux, Czechoslovakia, last night, and also hit the rail and industrial center of Magde- (Hy the \Hsn('iul «Ml Prf "«l London, Jan. 17—Russian troops captured ravaged Warsaw today in a pincers clamping in from north and south, and a third great breakthrough offensive above the liberated capital has smashed forward 25 miles on a 63-miie front, Premier- Mar.shal -Jo.sef Stalin announced tonight. The newly-disclosed push is the thh-d distinct phase of Stalta's gigantic winter offensive in Poland. Berlin declared another pile-driver push has slammed into East Prussia, that other Russians are advancing in Slovakia and that yet other forces in Southern Poland had reached Czestochowa, only 15 miles from German SUesla. Krakow Also Falls The Polish provisional government at Lublin—which first announced the fall of Warsaw—said in a broadcast that Krakow, seat of the German military government general in Poland and ancient Polish seat guardine the Slleslan arsenal, also had fallen. Warsaw, the first European capital taken by the Germans in this war, was tonoled by a Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov's powerfiil offensive beating up from the south, and then swirling behind the city, slicing escape roads to the west. His troops closed in from both dl- rctlons, in concert with forces which forced the Vistula north of Warsaw. The ritv's fall was announced by Marshal Joseph Stalin in an order nf the day. Gains 25 Miles Jiimnlne off Sunday from two bridgeheads west of the Narew river above War.saw. the third ereat winter offpn.<;ive under Marshal Kon ^Jtantln K Rokn <;5nv :kv battered qhpori ?S mllps t ^rni '-'h .stronWv fifheloped Oprman dpfensp .s. SWPPD- fne up more than ."iOO comnTm Itles, Stalin announced/in a .second or- lipr nt the riav. j The great drive below Warsaw thro'"'h Poland | meanwhtlp had rarrled Soviet vantninrd.s within 27 miles of German Sile.sla. rich In rofll and steel, Moscow dispatches said. The whole German line In Poland apparently had cnllanspd. Warsaw wa.s the 16th European canital liberated, and Stalin an- Tioimcpd that Polish troops aided In the seizure. Ea«t Prussia In Peril Warsaw was the cTeate.st bastion f^f the German line in Poland, and it.<; ranture prohaWv will be followed by a ereat surse toward the German frontier, and perhaos be- vond. East Pnis.sia, another barrier on the road to Beriln. may be oiitflnnkpfl in the next few weeks of decisive fiq -htlnor. The Polish tele^n-aph aeency said nanlc wa"; .snreadins- amontr Oer- mans in Poznan (Po'en), 170 miles wpst Of Warsaw where Poland hulces into OP '-manv. It is 43 miles from the reich frontier, and 138 from Berlin. March, 1944. Stace the first of the practically stole their crops by pay- year ,that has been reduced to 50, ing whatever they Uked with Japa- Ijer cent with no hope of Improvement anywhere In sight. nese tavasion money. The mayor t^ok out a big wad of the price by then was prohibitive— 1.500 pesos, a lot of money even in inflated tavasion currency, lor a 115-mile trip. ONE FOR THE BOOKS Oklahoma City, Jan. 17. (AP)— ne.se pirls, Mary Bwang" and'Tung ' Oklahoma's picturesque ex-govemor, . ^...^ „ . rChu Lin. They headed a group AlfaUa BUI Murray, returned to the W days, the communVoiie' reported cently.ta the Asiatic theater H the ' Lt. l,ucas'{,-home is North Judsgn, fof 56 Chinese students soon to en- .state capltol today as a book sales- that no enemy fighters opposed the war accordtag to a bulletin re-; Indiana. He is a navigatpr on; a ; roll in American coUeges. inan. , B-29s ' and that antiah-craft fire Superforts Hit Formosa Again Washtagton, Jan. 17. (AP)—Upwards of 100 Superfortresses dealt fresh blows to Formosa today. The strike apparently was coordinated with carrier plane attacks against that Island and the southeast coast of Chtaa. The targets of the China-based B-29s were military air Installations in the vicmity of Bhtachlku on the northwest ocast of Formosa, which Is about 225 miles north of Luzon ta the Philipptaes. The raiders struck in daylight with "good results." a war department communique reported. The raid was the sixth by the China-based bombers against Formosa and the tliird within the last eight dajis- Indicattag that the enemy's defenses on the island have been pounded thoroughly within the last ceived from the war department.' B-IT Flytag Fortress and. as a mem- No details are known here. His ber of the Sighth Air Ftorce, has wife, the,former Miss Betty Pish- j participated ta more than 18 bonib- er, now lires at Wichita. ing m&sioo^ Tung Chu Lta wore an old-fash- \ He toted a hefty stack of bro- ioned Chinese dress with bobby sox. chm-es on his forthcomtag three- Prank Sinatra? She said she had volume "True History of Okla- never heard ot him. _ homa." was "meager to inacciu-ate." All of the Superfortresses returned safely to their bases, the communique said.

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