SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 14, 1936 THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pampa, Texas PAGE THIRTEEN EIGHT BERLIN EVENTS TO AMERICA EXPECTED TO WIN BUT MAY STUMBLE By GAYLE TALBOT BERLIN (API—Even if America manages to send a complete, full- course team to this summer's Olympic Games at Berlin, it is doubtful that the star-spangled brigade will be able to repeat its almost overwhelming triumph of the last Olympics at Los Angeles. Naturally, the Americans will be expected to win. They always do, and their superiority in a sufficient number of track and field events to outscore any other nation is acknowledged freely on this side. But a survey of European possibilities by Tiie Associated Press Indicates the gap is being narrowed steadily. European nations, particularly Germany, Poland, Austria and Turkey, are becoming more seriously sport-minded every year; the saint' Is true of Japan in the Far East. They arc hiring American instructors, and really working at it. Some of the results are bound to be in evidence at Berlin. America, for the time being, is considered unbeatable in certain events—the 100-, 200-, and 400- meter dashes, both hurdles, the pole vault, high jump, pole—but outside of these nothing: is conceded, In all races from the 800- meter to the marathon, the American squad can look for plenty of opposition, That's the case, too, in every field event except the pole- vault. Heavy With Weight Men Germany and the Scandinavian countries are loaded down with fine weight men and distance runners.' Sievert of Germany is the press decathlon record-holder. Janusz Kusocinski of Poland proved a distance winner at Los Angeles and is said to be as good as ever now. Zabala, tho Argentine marathon, champion, has been training in Germany for the past year and knocking records right and left. The, only, distance event in which America is conceded much chance is the 1,500 meters, but the consensus is that Jack Lovelock, the transplanted New Zaelander, will be able to take care of that, too, if he gets himself in top condition. Jack at present is taking himself seriously as a student af, St. Mary's Hospital London, spending hours every day on his feet watching operation—and they say that-takes' speed out of a man's legs America's women athletes, as well, are not promised the field day they enjoyed at Los Angeles, where Babe Didrikson practically became an odds-on threat overnight. Germany, since that time, has developed a group of shorthaired Amazons who are little short of terrific. ;in the last European meet in London they came near sweeping the boards," setting up times and heights and distances comparable to Olympic records. Germany, not so happy about its men, expects It's women to make up any deficit. Those Dutch Gals Europe's men swimmers don't measure up even close to the Jap- Politics, Pooh! Chicks for Us no one dares talk. The telephones were all fixed so that every conversation was overheard at Nazi headquarters. Business learned this and stopped telephoning. So new telephones were put In so delicately adjusted that, whether one used the telephone or 'not, every word spoken In the same room with a telephone was heard at headquarters. An ironical fact Mr. Splvak notes, is that these Instrument are made by a branch of the largely American-owned International Telephone and Telegraph company. The People Starvo Mr. Spivak notes that the Nazi racket is modeled somewhat after Al Capone's racket in Chicago, save that, in Germany, an entire nation is subjected to tribute. The rewards are farmed out. A small or large business man Is visited by a Nazi minor official and told that he must pay for protection. If he refuses, he is blacklisted, boycotted, and his business is ruined. He, himself, may be subjected to un- namablc indignities, possibly end- Ing in n concentration camp or on the headsman's biock. German branches of American concerns or other foreign concerns enjoy no Immunity; They pay tribute too. Mr. Spivak was present at an interview where such an arrangement was made. The bigger men, Hitler, Goebbcls, and the like have bigger rackets. When Hitler came into power, the newspaper he controlled increased its advertising fifteen times over at greatly increased rates. If a business did not advertise, it found itself blacklisted. Hitler is so fabulously wealthy that one of his gifts to a favorite was a country house worth $500.000. That is pocket money for him. Many of the people starve. A business, even a small farmer, is told that he must discharge such an employe, and he must or else—. He is told that he must hire such an employe—or else.' Women can not obtain work unless they consent to accept the attentions of Nazi officials. One representative of an American house told Mr. Spivak of how he had been fore-, ed to discharge a young employe for incompetence. He could scarcely read or write. When Hitler came to power, the same young man, turned Nazi, appeared as an official of the- education department with a blur house and expensive motor cars. The people starve. Many of the Nazis are engaged In smuggling their marks out of Germany, feeling that the carnival cannot last much longer. Inflation, they fear, is the next step, and they want to get their wealth Into dollars, francs, pounds, or any currency which they regard as at all stable. The people starve. A curious situation, almost Impossible to understand, is that, in some cases, representatives of foreign commercial houses, including Americans, have at first refused to comply with the Nazi shake-down racket. They have felt the blasting boycott of the Nazi Party and have actually gone to their commercial attaches begging to be put in touch with the right Nazi lieutenants so that they may arrange to pay tribute and keep in business. Mr. Spivak submits evidence of such practices. To go into details of the terror is far too great a task. Millions of newspaper columns would not hold the evidence gathered by this Connecticut Yankee reporter. But it, Is clear that Germany is under the heel of a minority party, heavily armed and utterly ruthless. On the latter point, it is illuminating to note that an American business man In Germany, and others, pointed out that the Nazis are always surprised at any expression of surprise at their methods. They think all people are naturally that way if given an opportunity, and foolish if they do not take the opportunity. American newspaper readers may recall how, at his trial, the gangster, Al Capone, expressed amazement that anyone should think there was anything really wrong about his methods. He said he treated his friends well. So do the Nazis! Like the Communist Party in Russia and the Fascist Party in Italy, the Nazi Party in Germany is greatly in the minority. The two big groups are the Communists with their sympathizers and the monarchists. The supporters of the Hohenzollerns yearn for the freedom of speech and press, the personal liberty they enjoyed under the old Empire, and, even Communist leaders now feel the collapse of the Hitler regime likely will mean the return of the old dynasty or some monarchist dynasty. Hitler's ambitions are to take Austria and then move against Soviet Russia. The alarms of France are idle. Hitler wants to move eastward. The Communist Party in Germany now has only 50,000 active members, and every one risks his head or imprisonment the moment his identity becomes known. There arc some 200.000 Communists in prison, with another 100,000 in concentration camps. This, as always in case of intense persecution, results in the strengthening of the movement under the surface. They rather hope for war. None now but the Nazis are armed. In the event of war, it would be nec- essary to arm the whole man power. It is usually realized that had it not been for the World War, the old regime in Russia would have lasted another fifty years because the peasant communists had no arms. With world communications what they are. in spite of cen- sorships, what Is going on in one nation becomes the concern of all other nations. One diplomat after another told Mr. Spivak, he writes. that a major war in Europe is inevitable and the latest date mentioned to him was 1939. How much of the conflict will be between nations and how much will be civil war is a question of the first concern to the American people. American diplomacy and American trade will feel the repercussions, and the owners of the billions in American investments abroad must keenly study all aspects of all developments as a corporation stockholder must read his company reports or a landlord his income records. Four big prairie schooner wagons a rare antique stagecoach, several | ox carts and an old time carriage I are included in the rolling stock .•! "Cavalcade of Texas," spectacular historical drama at the Centennial 'exposition In Dallas. Lot the rest of the family K° in for politics if they will, but Nancy Jo and John Cobb dandon prefer baby chicks. Here the governor's children ore shown at the Topeka railway station as they poked exploring lingers into an Intriguing crate containing a shipment of chicks. ISM MAGNIFIED MANY TIMES By FREDERIC J. HASKIN WASHINGTON, D. C., June 13, —"Take the Tweed Ring in New York and Tammany at its wor.-,t and multiply them a hundred thousand times and you have a portrait of Naziism at work." This characterization of Germany under the Brown Shirts may seem theatrical and bizarre. But, as John L. Spivak In his book. Europe Under the Terror, goes on to explain: "There is not a business house in Germany, foreign or domestic, which dona not pay tribute. Most of them art' ul'rnid to talk, flKitrinir it bettor to pay a reasonable tribute than be 1 forced into bankruptcy. They simply charge it to running expenses and jack anese and Americans, but Holland has a. pair of girls, Willy den Ouden and Rie Mastenbroek, who will require a lot of beating in the Berlin pool. Willy, who is just 18, set a world record of 1:4.8 for the 100 meters a few months back. She also holds—or did hold—the world mark of 5 minutes, 10 seconds for the 400 meters. Mastenbroek, only 17, has beaten her recently at the latter distance, Mastenbroek's specialty, however, is the 100-meter backstroke, in which she splashed to a world record of 1:15.8 in February. In gymnastics, weight - lifting, wrestling, fencing, riding, cycling, field hockey and the modern pentathlon, one or another European nation fully expects to excel, and has figures and records to prove why. None, however, promises to give the American basketballers a very hard run. The yachting, rowing and canoeing events are considered a toss-up all around. '• up the price a bit for the people." Much of tV;c- anll-Na/i news which has appeared in American newspapers has had to do with the persecution of the Jews. That persecution has caused the slaughter of thousands and the exile and imprisonment of tens of thousands, but that is but an aspect and (if anything in this picture can be called minor) a minor aspect. Edmund Burke said Unit "you cannot indict a nation," but the Nazi Party has not only indicted but placed undnr the most bitti'i 1 duress an entire nation of unwilling and utterly terrified Germans. There never were more than about 750,000 Jews in all Germany —a trifle in terms of population. But the Nazi party, a decidedly minority party, has visited a not wholly dissimilar persecution upon a nation of more than 60,000,000. The American goes to a movie and sees gangster films. There have been such films as that which depicted the horrors of the Georgia chain gangs. The average American shudders and goes safely home, little menaced save by other automobile drivers. He thinks he lias seen a fanciful picture of something which really does not happen — can't happen Mr. Spivak show that it is happening every day in Germany, probably to a more intensive degree than it is happening in Fascist Italy. Hitler copied his regime largely from Mussolini but he bettered the instruction. Teutonic torture can be as ingenious as Latin, Mr. Spivak was told. In every business office of any size in Germany there are dicta- phones—not clumsy ones readily detected by an observant person but dictaphones so ingenious that 02S«5B|^BSS5^^Sfi ; Veterans! We invite you to see our complete stock of Used Cars. Here you will find just the kind of USED CAR you want at a price that will leave sufficient money for other necessities. CHECK THIS LIST: 1934 PLYMOUTH SEDAN A clean car throughout $375 1930 FORD FORDOR Now paint, new seat covers reconditioned motor $165 1933 PLYMOUTH COUPE ^Reconditioned Motor $275 1930 CHEVROLET SEDAN 6-wheel. Motor and tires dandy, finish good $165 PLYMOUTH COACH Grey color low mileage _ $360 1934 CHEVROLET COACH Master. Motor fully reconditioned 1931 CHEVROLET SEDAN 6-wheel. New paint, new seat d»| QA covers, tires and motor good «Pi«/U $425 1935 CHEVROLET SEDAN Standard. 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