Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 14, 1936 · Page 12
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 12

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Pampa, Texas
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Sunday, June 14, 1936
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Page 12
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JPAGfi TWELVE THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pampa, Texas .SUNDAY. MORNING, JUNE 14, ,1936 TEXAS' FIRST RODEO HELD IN CANADIAN IN SUMMER OF .1888 ® • HOT OF Dff CELEBRATION ONE YEAR BEFORE RAILROAD WAS BUILT J. Ellison Carroll of Big Lake, Texas, is responsible for the statement that the first rodeo held in Texas, was at Canadian In the summer of 1888. It was in the form of a two-day celebration with steer roping contest as the main event, and the other events that bordered around celebrations in that day. When Canadian holds its fourteenth annual rodeo the week of July 4, It will do so against a background of celebrations and demonstrations which were representative of the evolution of the west's "national" sport and which in themselves Influenced to u certain clo- gree that evolution. To Hemphill county belongs the 1 distinction of innovating a rodeo and was among the first of such "reunions" to be staged as a community undertaking anywhere in the southwest. The "Cowboys Reunion" held in '88 at Canadian, although little heard of by the present generation actually marked one of the first evidences of a move toward establishing the vanishing west in an impregnable rally ground—Its typical rodeo. Cowboys Conceived Idea. While natural primitive western contests as staked in every range camp were indulged in by cowboys on the Laurel Leaf ranch located east of Canadian to conceive in 1888 the project of holding a public celebration with a steer roping contest as the main feature. The resulting festivities staged at Canadian for two days in the summer of 1888 are remembered still by residents of the region as unique and tht first of any consequence. It will be recalled that this was just one year after the arrival of the Santa Pe railway. Canadian did not have many citizens at that time, but all of them from far and near came to engage in the festivities and celebration. The report by residents that lived here at that time was that there was "roping and tying down," horse racing, tournament races and dancing indugled In by the multitudes, • This celebration conceived in the .minds of the residents of the Panhandle of the early days stands today today as the first true forerunner of the western rodeo in the state of Texas. 'Born before the' advent of the Anvil Park rodeo, this event stands as an unmarked memorial to the persons who settled this region. Entirely lacking were the carefully evolved rules which govern the rodeos of today. Absent also was the carefully constructed rodeo grounds and imposing grandstand. Old Timers Present. Lining the main street of the lively cow-town of Canadian stood hundreds of old timers who had settled this area of the Panhandle who even then were carrying on the progress of the region. There in the dust filled frame shack lined streets were turned loose the enterprising riders who elected to risk the perils of attempted conquest of infuriated outlaw horses. No ready referees were nearby to halt the plunging ride as a timer's gun blasted an end to 10 seconds in the leather. Contestants rode until either horse or man was proved the better and risked hazards of plunging into buildings, railings or spectators. Negro George Washington was quite a noted bronk rider for those days. On one occasion he rode a bucking horse down the main street of Canadian, and the lior.se was bucking in the vicinity of the Santa Fe tracks. Negro George was asked why lie did such a good Job of brunk riding, und his answer was: 'I liadu ride dat lioss there If 1 ever rode one, because II 1 bucked off, my head would be in the niddle of do.su stt'el rails." Space had been provided on ;rounds adjacent to the Santa Fe stockyards for the contest but on every day the streets of the town were elected for horse races, tournament races—in fact all the strenuous pastimes practiced peculiarly by .he west. Second day events closely paral- eled those of the opening day, with he festivities formulating Into the allegedly more refined pastime of dancing at night. Despite the supposed hilarity of the occasion accidents were few and street fights and drunken brawls entirely absent. Apparently the early population was eeling the taming influence of the approaching civility. Serious Accident. The most serious accident on that iccasion happened to Billie Nation, low living at Pampa. He was en{aged in the steer roping contest, ind as he roped the steer, the rope got under the stirrup leather, and as he steer made a run, it threw Billie off his horse on his head, and he vas unconscious for a period of about two hours. His injury proved o be quite serious, and to this day las felt the effects of the injury ustained on that occasion. Evidently, however, all present en- oyed the carnival for the crowd remained to jostle itself, to cheer, jeer, augh and sing until the last day of he celebration. Then wearied ranch oik and their more prepossessing own brethren climbed aboard creak- ng buckboards, dusty buggies and "aithful horses and scattered to resume the tasks which make up so arge a part of western life. Thus bloomed and faded into the oast a pioneering attempt to carve for the old west a niche wherein Us traditions and its spirit migh exist against an effacing progress But conceived as it was principal^ in easy joviality and a desire fo passing entertainment, the measure failed to imbue with desire to pre serve it a strong enough majority With the scattering of the few who had inaugurated the occasion th spirit weakened and celebrations returned to the ranch round-ups which had preceded it. Roping; Was Issue. The first celebration and*con"tes" was primarily to settle a question of superiority of roping between Ellison Carroll and Albert Phillips, a negro related to the Mose Anderson family. There were numerous other ropers as well as these two. The Laurel Leaf cowboys matched the two, and J. Ellison won the mateh by easy odds. A collection was taken up for the prizes, and numerous side bets were made. J. C Studer a comparatively young man, and one of the spectators, made the statement that "men could be seen frequently In die crowd with hands full of money, and this was more money than I hud ever seen up U. Hi Is time." July 4th became a day of celebra- ,ion and entertainment in years following, the principal forms being music, speeches and horse racing. Tournament races also were quite oopular at that time. For the benefit of the younger generation and -hose that have never seen them, they may be explained as being held on a straight-away track, with poles erected a given number of yards apart, each of which had a bar extending out with a clip that held a •ing. The rider, equipped with a ;pear, would run afc full speed down the course, and those picking up the most rings in the shortest lime were considered the winners. It was not until the nationally ris- ng tide of colorful fads, and chain - jer-of-commerce-sponsored exposition had carved a' firm financial 'ooting for themselves that the western rodeo began to exist as an established community project. Canadian's 13-year-old Anvil Park rodeo s a product of this evolution. A second contest was held the ear following. The main participants were Ellison Carroll, Sid Dav- dson, and Poke Stewart. Josh Hop- tins, now deceased, was a heavy bettor on this occasion. Jim Mabon of anadian was the principal stake- lolder, Ellison Carroll was employed by the J. Buckle outfit south of Canadian in what is now known as the Wheeler county country. Three- year-old steers were used in the con- .ests.' Even after the first contest was over, a number of the boys stayed around several days and worked off number of side bets. Money changed hands then. As one cow- joy said, "Why the danged cow- joys'll stay there till all the money they got in the show is gone just to prove to the other feller that they can beat him a split second." ^ Read The News Want-Ads. ELECTRIC REFRIGERATORS ARE BUILT FOR HOT WEATHER In hot weather you really need good refrigei-ation. The demand for ice cubes increases because hot weather promotes thirst. Frozen desserts and salads become more delectable and are served more often, if they can.be made properly. And, it is in summer time that the danger from tainted food is greatest. During _the past ten years various manufacturers have designed and.built millions of electric refrigeratoi-s. At first food preservation was paramount to.the American housewife. Then she became impressed with the necessity for fast freezing of ice cubes and desserts. To these were added beauty, convenience, much lower prices, increased efficiency, and unquestionable dependability. The new electric refrigerators were built to satisfy the demands of the American housewife, no matter how hot the weather. Old Timers to Meet on July 4 LIBERAL, Kans., June 13—Of special interest to early day settlers of the great Southwest will be the announcement of the meeting and museum that is being arranged as a part of the Liberal free Fourth of July celebration. A large store building has been secured by the committee for this purpose. Lee Larabee, himself an "old timer", is in charge of this feature which promises to be one of the outstanding attractions on the free celebration program. Many valuable arrowheads, firearms and other types of collections have already been secured, as well as other interesting displays. A long lounging room for "old timers" Is being provided in the building, where they will be mnde comfortable and have an opportunity to visit and swap stories of frontier clays. Other frw Fowl.!) of July ul- tractioiis will include n big street iiprnde, band concert, amateur hour broadcast, Tree baseball gume, terrapin derby aiul stupendous lire- works display. Wandering Cuttle lYiiiiliy.cd. WINK, Tex. M 1 )—Cattle at large .n this city will be placed with a poundkeeper and a dollar a day charge for sleeping quarters and meals will be levied upon them, Mty officials have ruled. -»— A very powerful short-wave Broadcasting station, giving worldwide transmission, is to be con- itructed near Nanking, China. NO MURE LOANS WILL BE MADE BY THE CORPORATION In accordance with provisions of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933, refunding of distress mortgages by the Home Owners' Loan coporation ended at midnight, June 12, three years from the date the act was signed. No more loans will be made by the corporation. Up to May 28, the corporation had closed 1.016,142 loans throughout the country and its territories to a total of $3.081,893,559. Practically every eligible application for relief received has been completed as u loan. The original pasUdue mortgages of borrowers were taken" up by the corporation through exchange of its bonds with the mortgage holders. To some 290,000 of UK; borrowers from the corporation, the arrival -0$ June 13 means that they will be required to make monthly repayments of principal and interest on their loans instead of interest only. Their mortgages were made in the early months of the corporation's ,vork, before Congress repealed that jortion of the act which allowed 3orrowers an 'optional moratorium on principal payments until June 13, 1936. These borrowers will have a period of 12 years in which to pay off their loans and own their properties free of debt. Loans made to the remaining 726,000 borrowers extend over a 15-year term and are repayable at the rate of $7.81 monthly per thousand dollars of loan, including principal and interest at 5 per cent. This amounts to about $24 per month on the average loan, which was $3,023. The long terms and the low rate of interest make these loans the most liberal and convenient ever granted to American home owners up to the time the corporation began its activity. HOLC mortgages give the borrowers an annual saving of nearly $60,000,000 in the reduction from the interest rates they had paid on the loans taken over, and in the elimination of renewal charges. Under pressure of acute need to stop the wave of foreclosures which, in the summer of 1933, had reached the record of 1,000 a day, within less than three months after the act was passed the corporation had set up state and district offices in all parts of the country, established Its procedure and embarked on the task of creating In a short period the largest and most wide-spread mortgage institution in the world. The branch offices were Immediately swamped by applicants lor loans, many of them ineligible under the law or with a mistaken impression of its purposes. The necessary investigation of hundreds of thousands of ineligible applications retarded the closing of loans. Great numbers of ineligible applicants were assisted by the corporation, however. Working with the member home-financing associations of the Federal Home Loan Bank system throughout the country, agents of the corporation directed many thousands of these applicants to finan- cial institutions where they obtained the necessary refinancing, usually at Interest rates less than they had been paying. By December 31, 1933, over 720,000 applications had been filed with the corporation, and over 37,000 loans had been closed. United States guarantee of the bonds of the corporation by Congress in 1934 increased the volume of applications, which totaled more than 1.000,000 in that year. The crest of lending activity was reached in the last half of 1934 when 381,341 loans were made. As lending tapered off in 1935 the corporation developed its liquidation organization to which gradually the majority of employees have been transferred. This organization is responsible for the billing and collection of the 1,000,000 monthly installment .accounts, for litigation and for the management and sale of such properties as the corporation is compelled to acquire to protect the interest of the government. Congress authorized HOLC lending at a time when it was obvious that existing financial institutions were important to check the ruinous deflation of all real estate values then moving even faster. Continuance of the course of foreclosures, distress sales of homes and the paralysis of home-financing institutions of all types would have brought utter disaster to American citizens.- The effects of HOLC financing wci e immediate and far-reaching. Mart-: gage holders whose loans the corporation took over were saved from great loss. "Thousands of banks, life insurance companies and building and loan associations shared in the disbursement of more than $2,500,000,000 in highly liquid HOLC bonds and were thus better able to protect the deposits, investments, and insurance policies representing the savings of over 30,000,000 people. Included in this total is nearly $400,000.00 thus made available to depositors and creditors of closed banks. These new funds, pouring into financing institutions in the place of frozen assets, in a large measure have permitted them to resume more normal activity In making new'loans for the construction, purchase, and refinancing of homes, as reflected in the present revival of residential building. Refinancing by the corporation also has had a strong influence on: The staBillzation and recovery of the real estate market. It is estimated that the value of urban home properties in America has increased by $12,000,000,000 since the depression low. The financial improvement of municipalities through payment by the corporation of some $225,000,000 in back taxes on the homes mortgaged. Increased activity in the building trades. The corporation made direct expenditures of almost $79,000,000 for necessary repairs of about 400,000 of the homes mortgaged. These latter two amounts were included in the loans and are now being repaid to the corporation. Encouragement of eco n o mi c a 1 home ownership. The large-scale example of the corporation In granting un Improved type of loan, which provides greater safety to both leiul- er and borrower, is effectively leading the way to the permanent reform of American mortgage-lending practice and the elimination of the short-term mortgage, the old hazardous and costly second mortgage and such unsound practices as excessive bonus charges and renewal fees. -»Approximately 70,00 radio receiving sets have been registered in China during the last two years. VALUE DEMONSTRATION! Although we carry the highest quality Home Furnishings that are obtainable, we also carry the lowest price furniture. If you want the best, we have it! If you want the lower priced lines, we have them too! Regardless of the price you want to pay you will find just what you want at the Texas Furniture Company. 2-Piece Modern Living Room Suite Including Chair and Three-Cushion Divan. . . Blue Seal Nachman Spring construction, English Style, covering of new white and brown plaid combinations, guaranteed frame. Priced at OTHER LIVING ROOM SUITES AS LOW AS $39.95 For (hose who want'a combination living room and bedroom, we feature the Krochler and Nodaway lines of better Studio Couches and Divanocs. Priced as low as $29.75 «-» L : tea* CAMPAIGN YEAR CALLS FOR THE BEST RECEPTION ... by GRUNOW! There'll he plenty of political rows, baseball returns, wrestling matches, Centennial attractions, Championship fights, etc. . . . it's an ideal radio yea r. You'll find all the latest improvements for fine reception in radios by GRUNOW. Special bonus prices in either all-electric or battery equipped sets for rural reception. '**• 8-Piece Dining Room Suite !:!! I! Consisting of fiC-inch buffet, 6-fopl. extension table, arm chair aiid five other chairs. Finished in rich walnut. Priced at $62.50 We Have a Large Variety of Dining Room Suites A VERY RARE BUY in a Spanish Dining Room Suite, constructed of solid chestnut, 60-inch buffet, 12-inch twin pedestal table which extends to 8 feet, chairs upholstered in high grade rich velour. A very rare buy at $145.00 WE ARE HEADQUARTERS FOR FLOOR COVERINGS OF ALL KINDS! We feature the famous Armstrong's Inlaid linoleums . . . also the complete line of Pabco felt base in smooth floor coverings . . . Firth's line of wool rugs including the International Hooked, Shuttle Craft, Shaggy Tweeds and Provential Carpets. i A) 4-Piece Bedroom Suites That represent the newest designs from the leading manufacturers. Bed, Dresser, Bench and Chest of Drawers. . . the construction is standard and the materials are unusually good for the 6jA flf price of only 94'* /5 An Unlimited Selection of Styles And Finishes Odd Pieces of Solid Maple in the early American designs. . . select the pieces you want for each room, or furnish one room with four pieces at only ......'... ,*< f ROUND OAK GAS RANGES . . . We only have a few more sets of the SrPiece Heavy Spun Aluminum Ware which we are giving with each 1936 Round Oak Stove during our Introductory campaign. Texas Furniture Co. THE PANHANDLE'S MOST ECONOMICAL HOME FURNISHERS 210-12 North Cuyler GUY E, McTAGQART, Mgr. Phone §07

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