Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 29, 1948 · Page 10
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 10

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, December 29, 1948
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Page 10
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T EDITORIALS When Progress Co///Wes W/t/i o Vested Interest conflict which has plagued civilization _ since its beginnings is developing at tins time in the coal mining industry. It centers about the newly invented "mole," a mechanical gadget capable of digging coal about 20 times faster than highly skilled miners. If brought into universal use, the effect would be to bring down the price of fuel to a pronounced degree. But it would also result in displacing a considerable number of miners. And there's the rub. You've guessed it. John L. Lewis is scowling one of his darkest scowls. He is determined to oppose anything which would either reduce the number of miners in his union or cut their income. As a matter of fact, he's talking in terms of shorter hours and more pay for his workers, with new benefits for them based on a 40-cents-a-ton union tax on all coal taken from the mines. TF history is any criterion, however, the A bushy-browed mine boss in fighting against progress eventually will be the loser. It has always been so in the long pull. An agonized wail went up from the riverboat owners and the stagecoach folks when railroad locomotives began poking their way into interior America. But progress would not be stayed. We have our railroads. In the printing industry, there was a mighty howl from type compositors when a man named Mergenthaler brought out a machine capable of setting type 10 times as fast as a printer working at a case. Here again progress prevailed — with the result that today at least 10 times as many persons earn their livelihood in the printing industry as in the days of handset type. And so it has been in a score of other areas. Labor-saving machinery has always meant more jobs and better pay for workers. But let's get back to the "coal mole." A first observation to be offered is that **• mining is a hazardous, dirty, .unpleasant, spirit-killing job. Coal miners as a rule hate their jobs. Their greatest hope for their children is to get them out of the coal pits. Coal miners today are well-paid—but they deserve every penny they get. Few of us in other occupations would change jobs with them. Wouldn't it be better if more of the nasty, death-defying work underground could be done mechanically? The coal would be cheaper and a large number of men who now are consigned to sweating out a living in the bowels of the earth could turn toward jobs closer to the sun. This, of course, would involve a migration of men from coal mining into other occupations, leaving the coal-digging jobs to the mechanical moles and the fewer men who would be needed to run the machines. The placement of these miners in other fields of production is a problem that should have the attention of government, of the coal operators and of the miners' union. T TNDERSTANDABLY, however, John L. U Lewis isn't going to be much interested in a program that would deprive his already rich-union of dues-paying members. But far-sighted miners, a welfare-minded government and price-minded operators should be interested in such a plan. It would result in eventual benefit for all parties concerned, not least, the miners themselves. Surely there are other industries and other jobs calling for the courage and skill and strength of the men who have been mining coal. The problem is to find those jobs and get the miners to move into them. Human progress does not come from limited production. Mr. Lewis' restrictions and dictatorial regulations may save jobs in the mines for a short while, but ultimately science will win this fight—as it has won others. Repatriation into more pleasant work is likely almost to the point of certainty for a great percentage of our miners, with a better life for those who rerriain underground to man the machines. Expensive Simplicity /1HAIRMAN MELVIN D. HILDRETH of \-J the inaugural committee estimates that it will cost $315,500, exclusive of the inaugural ball, to install President Harry Truman in office Jan. 20. For the little man who espoused Spartan simplicity and Jeffersonian economy in his campaign, that's quite a fancy show. Look Out Below! PEARLS OF GREAT PRICE Government geographic authorities announce tney are through naming mountains after minor congressmen. Only those who reach the peaks will be thus honored from now on. Parents of college students these days have a pretty definite idea of what is meant when the term "higher education" is used. IT'S BEEN SAID: "We know accurately only when we know little, with knowledge doubt increases."—Johann von Goethe. Dad's Christmas trimming usually is coincident with the removal of the Christmas tree's trimmings. No rational person can doubt that the world is different—and better—because Christ was born. Safety Resolution: "I promise now," said Driver Herb, "to signal when I leave the curb." Pros and Cons Gleaned From Our Exchanges Some Interesting Viewpoints Campaign Promises Sioux City Journal: Gov. Beardsley surely will undertake to carry out his campaign proposal to repeal the state sales tax on foods. It likewise is certain that he will be under pressure from the farm bureau and the Iowa educational association to favor an increase in the state income tax rate, the theory being that doing so will relieve real estate taxpayers and provide more funds, especially for school aid. Our Tax Money Garner Leader: It is nice to be in the enviable position of the farmers in Hancock and adjoining counties and able to pay 15 times as much in state income taxes as the farmers in the 5 southern counties. But, there are also hundreds of things that need doing up here about our roads and schools with our own tax money. Spend and Spend Emmetsburg Democrat: Among important news that is given very little attention are references to the large amount of money that Uncle Sam will have to shell out for defense spending and foreign aid. There seems to be no end in sight of this mania to throw away our wealth. Want to Increase Taxes Cherokee Times: Looks as though taxes would be plenty high for 1949 without increasing the income tax levy another 25 per cent. But strange as it may seem, there will be plenty of lobbying for just such an increase once the general" assembly gets down to business. Raise Salaries Albert Lea Tribune: Mr. Truman, whose $75 000 salary is no larger than that of President Taft and of every other president since 1909, didn't ask an increase for himself. We think his pay should be doubled. Power and Influence Estherville News: There is a vast chasm of difference between power and influence. Power is something that money will get you; influence is a product of square-dealing and integrity. Healthier People Ottumwa Courier: Education of the public to the fact that matters of health are a local responsibility is the long-range objective of a public health program for the state of Iowa. Income Tax Charles • City Press: Eemember the good old days when the income tax soaked only the idle rich? Editorial of the Day FARM TENANCY WANES pOUNCIL BLUFFS NONPAREIL: One of the v-' most significant developments in agriculture in recent years is the increase in farm ownership and the decline in tenant farming. Up to 1935 the trend was in the other direction. In that year 42 per cent of the country's farms were operated by tenants. The bureau of agricultural economics estimates that only 27 per cent of the farms are now tenant-operated—the smallest proportion since 1880. Approximately 72 per cent, or more than seven out of every 10 of all farm operators in 1948 are owners, wholly or in part. These changes, in conjunction with bigger farm income and savings, highlight the progress in the well-being and security of farm families. The decline in tenancy is mainly due to the general prosperity in agriculture in recent years, a prosperity which gave many tenants the financial means to buy farms of their own. Also, greater opportunities for employment in business and industry led many tenants to give up farming entirely. Rapid mechanization made it possible for farmers to raise more crops with less help. In 1935 there were 0,812,350 farms in the country, the department of agriculture estimates., Now there are about a million less. Farming has become a sizable business requiring considerable capital to get started. The percentage of farm owners will increase more slowly from now on—if at all. Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO Los Angeles—Howard Stoecker will be a favorite son of California next Monday when the husky Mason Cityan starts at left tackle for Southern California in the Rose Bowl football game. As a sophomore last year Stoecker was promoted to the first string in mid-season and has held down the starting tackle berth ever since. He is 20 years of age and weighs 214 pounds. At 6 feet, 4 inches, he's one of the biggest Trojan gridders. 20 YEARS AGO Installation of officers for the coming year was the main event on the final Kiwanis program of 1928 held at the Hotel Hanford. Officers installed were Dr. George M. Crabb, president; James Rae, vice president; H. M. Knudson, trustee; Carl A. Parker, treasurer, and Lester Milligan, secretary. Ex-president R. W. Fischbeck presented Dr. Crabb with the president's button. In turn Dr. Crabb pinned the button of the retiring president on Mr. Fischbeck's lapel. 30 YEARS AGO The big beet sugar factory of the Northern Sugar corporation is in the cleaning up process, working sugar out of the molasses by the Steffens process, and by Jan. 1 the run of the season will be finished. The output this season will be 18 million pounds of the finest white sugar, besides the by-products of beet pulp, lime cake, and molasses, which will be converted into stock food. This is double the output of last year and the company hopes to make it 30 million pounds next year. 40 YEARS AGO An alumni banquet will be held at the Wilson hotel on the evening of Dec. 31 to which are invited all of the alumni ol the State University of Iowa and all the students who are i.n the city and vicinity. There are fully 40 alumni and about 20 students and it is hoped all will turn out to the banquet. Observing To Your Health! Roving Reporter By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. OPERATION FOR HERNIA •JWTANY men with a hernia or rupture which they 1VA have developed early in life find that during later years it causes a great deal of discomfort. In fact, in these persons the hernia is of ten, so large that it cannot be kept in place with a truss and an operation becomes necessary. Many older persons may hesitate to have the operation performed because of their age. Sometimes men with a hernia are overweight because the hernia has kept them from exercising, and the excess fat in—^«™»™™~ w ._ - terferes with carrying ou*- the > DR. BUN-ntsEN operation. Thus, the first step in preparing these patients for operation is to reduce the weight. A simple diet which can be used is one in which all the fats, starches, and sugar foods are eliminated. The next thing of importance is to exercise morning and evening in order to improve the tone or strength of the muscles and to strengthen the heart. The patient should walk as much as possible. Walking upstairs is good exercise but, of course, older persons should go upstairs slowly. The operation for hernia must be done rapidly, as well as carefully. As a general rule, it can be performed in from 10 to 15 minutes. When operation for hernia is performed the opening through which the contents of the abdomen protrude is permanently and firmly closed. _ The after-treatment of these patients is also important. Lung complications may occur It is suggest that it is advisable for the patient not to remain in bed. He should be up the day following the operation, sitting in a chair. When the patient finds he is strong enough to walk, he is allowed to do so. Of course, a younger person who has rupture should consult with his physician at once in regard to having the operation performed. Delaying until the later years of life makes the operation more hazardous. However, even in later life the operation can be performed with excellent results if the patient is put in the best possible condition to withstand the operative procedure including, particularly, a reduction in weight and improvement of muscle strength. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS E. L.: What causes the face to become red and hot, together with nose bleed? This seems to occur every day. Answer: Such a condition possibly is due to some disturbance of the circulation. High blood pressure may be a factor. A thorough study should be carried out to determine the exact cause. A Reader: I have excessive gas and a pain be- rv^ath the right shoulder. Could this be due to an inflamed gallbladder? Answer: These symptoms often are caused by gallbladder disorder. A thorough study should be made, including an X-ray of the bladder, to determine whether or not you have gallbladder disease. They'll Do If Every Time Hal Boyle of the AP BARRIERS SWEPT AWAY TyTEW YORK, (/P)—There are 2 times in the year •*•' when the skyscraper prisoners dare to break the pattern. They try to know each other then— at a Christmas party and a New Year's party. The parties are held in the offices where they work, where in anonymous ways they have spent the year "doing the king's work all "the dim day long," to borrow a phrase from Cousin Browning. It is then that the little folk who labor in the big skyscrapers make their daring investment in fellowship.. All the months through they have worked side by side together, sharing their tasks but know each 110 more than 2 cogs swimming in an equal oil. And then some courageous exponent of seasonal cheer says on the day before Christmas or New Year's: "Let's throw a party— right here, before we go home.'L Well, that's a big adventure here in the brave concrete' caverns of old New York. Because that means they have to break the pattern of their year-long anonymity. A few hold back and say, "no, I have to go home early. Got to help trim the tree." But most of them have an eager desire to suspend "business as usual." Ambushed by good will, they want to know each other. To them a party in the office is as exciting as a picnic on a battlefield—and that, of course, is exactly what it is. The prettiest stenographer circulates an envelope bearing this: "Now is the time for all good men (and gals) to come to the aid of their party." So the hired hands grin and put their ready cash into the envelope. And When it bulges like Santa Glaus, somebody takes it across the street and buys "the makings"—sandwiches, soda, ginger ale, and the golden fluid that makes a human zero take off his inhibitions and put on his personality. The parties are of 2 kinds. In small offices the boss and the hired hands have the party together —like a lieutenant and his platoon sharing a bottle in an interlude between battles. But in big offices the celebrations are more like those in an army headquarters. They break up into 2 parties. The "officers" go where they can be alone together—as men with stars on their shoulders always are. And the "enlisted men" stay behind and hold the fort for an afternoon oE frolic. The freedom from the day's usual drudgery is an intoxication in itself. They peel off their repressions. They brazenly grouse out loud at the straw boss they have been holding secret opinions about all year long. Then somebody turns softly and says, "Well, it could be worse—they might hire a smart guy to take his place." So they take up a collection to buy him a present. n>- now they bcjrin to fed they know each oilier a little—and they like the reeling. Amour even raises an unexpected heart. The mousy miildlc-aprd bookkeeper makes a few uncertain passes .it the pretty stenographer. And the office boy. a sudden Galahad, sternly squires her home. Ah youth—youth! The honfire of the heart wears down as night fall* and the party breaks up. Hut tho office staff carry home something of the skyscraper's sky-reach In (heir souls. For a part of one day they have broken the pattern in glad- By Jimmy Hatlo OP A.M.- THE V/ILLA&E MERCHANTS SQUAWKED LOUD AND LONG UNTIL THE COUMCIL HIRED A STREET CLEANER, orn. nn, KINO FEATURES SYNUICATP. ii*.. WUIU.D RIC.HTS nes o° A.M.-THE BROOM BRIGADE INTO ACTION, ANP THE (3U/ MlcSHT AS WELL HAVE STOOD "IN A Criticism Answered every year an in• creasing amount of adverse comment about the "commercialization" of Christmas. This year was no exception. Some of this criticism is justiCied. But more of it isn't. When you have a nation of 150 million people steamed up with the Christmas spirit of giving, with money in their pockets, clamoring to give their families and friends gifts they will enjoy, nobody could keep them from buying. The advertisements, really, are little more than suggestions to the buyers about what to give "her" or "him." They give guidance and help to the folks who are doubt- 1'ul, and aid them in working out the problems they have to solve anyhow, somehow—and quick. When there are only a few days left to Christmas, the average man or woman who has let the time pass too long is grateful for gift suggestions. From Thanksgiving to Christmas, good years and bad, it is always a sellers' market. Everybody's money is burning a hole in his pocket, and as the time grows shorter his problem becomes more and more exigent. Don't get me wrong. I don't want to see the deeper meaning of Christmas lost in the tinsel on the Christmas tree. But I see no fair objection to the aids which are given to me in acting on that generous impulse which takes command of us during the Christmastide. A Lifework Suggestion ^address this little item to tfZ- young men who might be interested in mastering a craft which would bring them a secure future in a pleasant work. My reference is to linotype operation. The school of journalism at the University of Iowa is offering a 17-weeks course of training which puts a student a long way along the road to becoming a competent operator. A North lowan, Henry Africa, is in charge of the instruction. In the teaching—which is done at linotypes and under normal working conditions—the former Rockwell publisher draws on his extensive background of practical experience. Although the work has been under way only a few months, it has proved successful beyond all expectations. A considerable number of graduates already are out in the field, doing a good job and being well paid for it. The next course will open on Feb. 7. If you're interested in attending, address an inquiry to: JAMES MORRISON, School of Journalism, University of Iowa, Iowa City, la. For Headache Relief draw on a current article I in the Redbook magazine for these measures designed to relieve headache, either the migraine type or ordinary headache: "1. Take a prolonged warm bath as soon as you feel an attack approaching. Take a warm bath of 30 minutes' duration 3 times daily during a prolonged attack. "2. Don't take food or drink. If you feel nausea, try holding small pieces of ice in the mouth. Put ice-cap on head and hot-water bottle on feet. "3. If an attack is approaching, lie down in a dark, quiet room. "4. If you feel better sitting in a chair than lying down, try that. "5. Once recovery begins,. do not eat foods which are irritating." Invitation to Help k thAnk I speak for the city p£ editor and other associates in the Globe-Gazette news departmen 1 : in passing along this invitation to all readers: I( you have a bit of news, send It In! Or a story that will amuse, send it in; A story that i* true, An Incident that's new, Vie want to hear (ram you, tend It In, Will your story make us liufh? Send it in. I/ It's just a bit of ch.iff, send ft in, Never mind about your style, If your story's worth the while, And may help or cause a smile, Send it In. Information, Please! 1. What prophet in the Bible fell from his seat and broke his neck when he heard that his sons were killed in battle and the Ark of the Covenant taken by the Philistines? 2. \Vhat is a "misogynis?" 3. What white man's body was carried through Africa for nearly 10 months by natives that he might be buried in England? 4. Who succeeded Queen Elizabeth on the throne of England? 5. Complete this adage: "An ounce of prevention—" Answers—1. Eli. 2. A woman hater. 3. David Livingstone. 4. James I, only son of Mary, Queen of Scots, and Henry Lord Darnley. 5.—"is worth a pound of cure." THE DAY'S BOUQUET To BOB CARSON—for being elected president of the Exchange club. With Mr. Carson as head the new club will be assured of the same high calibre leadership it has experienced in its scarcely year old duration under its immediate past president, Stratton Shannon, and its first president, Gene Howard. Did You Know? By The Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE: Headers uslny this service for questions of fact—not counsel—should sign full name and address and inclose 3 cents for return postage. Address the Mason City Globe-Gazette Information Bureau, 316 Eye Street N. E., Washington 2, D. C. If a veteran who is drawing 1 compensation from the government for World war n service is sentenced to prison for murder, will his compensation stop? The veterans administration says that an ex-serviceman drawing compensation who has been convicted of the crime of murder may still draw his compensation. However, the amount of compensation is reduced to institutional rate. How many persons visit the Statue of Liberty on a busy day? As many as 8,000 persons have visitecTthe Statue of Liberty on a sin.gle Sunday in the summer. Who administers the Panama. Canal? The Panama Canal is administered by a governor under the supervision of the secretary of the army (formerly secretary of war). The headquarters of the governor are at Balboa Heights, Canal Zone. What became of the cargo of the Friendship Train that was sent to France last year? The cargo arrived in France on Dec. 17, 1947. All customs fees were waived at the port of Le Havre, and the French railroads hauled the gift cargo free to all parts o£ the country. Why did President Theodore Roosevelt receive the Nobel peace prize? The prize was awarded to him in 1906 for his service in bringing peace to Russia and Japan following the Russo-Japanese war. There is a lake in Massachusetts the name of which consists of 45 letters. Is this the longest geographical name in the world? The name of the Jake in Massachusetts, usually abbreviated to Chaubun- agungamaug. is said to be the 3rd longest. First place is held by a town in Wales, Llanfair P. G., .the complete name of which consists of 58 Setters. Shorter by only one letter is the name of a hill on North Island, New Zealand. What is the status of the plan for statehood for Hawaii? On May 24, 1948, the senate killed further consideration of the house approved bill to grant statehood to Ha\vaii by refusing to take the matter from the committee where it had been pigeonholed. The vote was 51 to 20. The committee was the interior and insular affairs committee. What is the natural color of the fur seal? Its outer coat is long, stiff, coarse and gray in color. When the skins are prepared for the market all this is plucked out and thrown away leaving only the fine, soft brown under fur. Does an ex-president of the United States receive a pension? No. How is the retail dollar divided among different commodities? The retail dollar in the first half of Today's Birthday By AP Newsfeorures WARREN HENDRY ATHERTON, born Dec. 28, 1891, in San Francisco. After high school ha became a member of the Rail- w a y Broth er- hoods, studied law by correspondence and was admitted to the bar in 1913. He enlisted in the Army In World War I and became a captain in France. As an energetic lawyer, he became a civic leader in Stockton, Cal., and was elected National commander of the American Legion in 1943. 1948 was expended as follows: Automobiles, repairs, etc., 12.9 per cent; building materials, farm implements, hardware, 8.3 per cent; home furnishings, 5.2 per cent; jewelry, 1 per cent; apparel, 7.6 per cent; drug stores, 2.9 per cent; eating and drinking places, 9.8 per cent; food, 24.8 per cent; filling stations, 4.9 per cent; general merchandise, 12.9 per cent; liquor, 1.4 per cent; all other retail stores, 8.3. Why do pine trees stay .green ail winter? Pine needles are in reality leaves and contain chlorophyll as other leaves do. The surface of pine needles is tougher than that of other leaves. Thus the chlorophyll is protected during the winter and remains green. How many meteors enter the earth's atmosphere in a 24 hour period? Astronomers estimate that billions of tiny meteors enter the atmosphere in a day. Mason City Globe-Gazette AN A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER * Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE- GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone 3800 Entered as second class matter April 12, 1930, at the postof fice at Mason City, Iowa, under the act ol March 3, 1879. LEE P. LOOMIS ..... Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER ---- Adv. Mgr. Tuesday, Dec. 28, 1948 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is exclusively entitled to use for repub- llcatkm of all local news prlr.'ed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clear Lake (Carrier Delivery Limita) One week ................... ,\ ____ ,25 Outside Mason City and Clear Lake But Within 100 Miles of Mason City By mall 1 year .................... $900 By mall fl months ............. .... < 73 By carrier per week .......... '.'.'.'. [25 Oufslde 100 Mile Zone by Mall Only One year .................... $12 M Six months ................. '650 Three months ........... 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