Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 14, 1936 · Page 11
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 11

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Pampa, Texas
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Sunday, June 14, 1936
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Page 11
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SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE THE NEWS, , te**t BLACK LEGION IS EXAMPLE OF SECRET SOCIETY'S BIG APPEAL TO MANY PERSONS Aflcient Social Principle Is Involved—Other Nations Have Similar Bcrdies By FBEBEBIC J. KASKIN WASltiNCtTON, D. C., June 13, —Once again there has appeared upon the American scene a secret society which has, in some localities, adopted terrorism as a political and social policy. Being a secret society, no one knows how evtenslve the membership of the Black Legion may be or in how many communities it is organized. The outstanding fact, however, is that such an organization does exist within the United States but not of the United States, within local communities but not of them. The secret order's existance is apart from the political and social organizations of the communities. They are excluded. The desire of mankind to organize secret societies is well-nigh universal and is older than history. A philosophical psychologist could write a, moving essay on this impulse. It exists in the child in point of years and in the child in point of historical evolution. A part of the play of children has always been secret organizations with mystic passwords and countersigns, and before the dawn of civilization primitive people had the same urge. The Black Legion is but a manifestation of this ancient social principle. Various types of secret organizations have existed with widely different purposes. The high school and college fraternity may be regarded as wholly social, while the order of Freemasons is largely religious with added social and eleemosynary features. To be sure the Masons have entered American politics and, centuries ago, they occupied an important position in European affairs. The Black Legion appears to resemble the Ku Klux Klan rather more than any other American organization in the reconstruction «' days at the close of the Civil war in an effort to bring order out of the chaotic political and social conditions which the disturbed times had created. As they were * taking the law into their own hands and also because of the desirability of vesting their actions in an air of mystery, they appeared disguised in striking costumes, their features covered in hoods. That these secret nightriders performed a valuable service is recognized by historians. That some serious offenses were committed by some of them, under the cloak of the order's secrecy, has to be admitted. Mention also should be made of the Vigilantes, especially those who operated in San Francisco in the hectic period following the discovery of gold. They were not a secret order in quite the same sense and they did not invariably mask. They resembled secret orders, however, in that their operations were swift and without warning. It is especially interesting to recall that the last operation of Vigilantes took place in New Orleans in 1891. • A vigilance committee took from the jail a group of Italians believed guilty of murder and understood to be members of the famous secret order, the Mafia, and lynched them. Strong Foreign Societies The Mafia came into existence in Sicily at the time of the Napoleonic wars and became a secret society of the utmost danger. The members were opposed to the public order. They preyed upon landowners, merchants, and any other likely victims. An attempt was made to establish the order in the United States and this led to the action at New Orleans. The Mafia had murdered Chief of Police Hennessy. Another Italian secret society was the Camorra which first became known about 1820 in Naples. The members were criminals who worked singly and in gangs. The . order had a secret language and system of signals. Taking part in politics, the Catnorra became dominant for a period, terrorizing the whole country. Princes and persons of high station became member's, often, it is said, because they were forced to to escape attack. It has been reported that individuals have been forced, in much the same manner, to join the Black Legion in this country. The Comor- ra was finally stamped out in 1911, but the Mafia continued to exist in secret until the Faoist regime took charge following the World war. •it! 1 is probable that there are still skeleton organizations which hope to reestablish themselves after a.; Change in political conditions in Italy.- Africa is notable for the number of i\s" secret societies among the natives. Not only in the Congo but in other sections of the Dark Continent secret orders have been in existance from the earliest times. They usually have same religious connection, but not always. For example the Human Leopard society—as the name is ti-anslated into English—is an organization oi cannibals. There seems to be arid to have been no people immune from the impulse to organize secret societies. Although there were never more than 3,000,000 Indians in North America at any One time with, therefore, no problem of crowding or domination of congested regions, they had their secret societies. Underlying Principles The secret society with the" largest membership in the world is Chinese. It is the Hung or Triad society, and has been in existence for 1,500 years. This organization was founded in A. D. 386 by a Buddhist patriarch named Eon. It appears that, originally, the chief purpose of the organization was to spread the Buddhist doctrine. It changed from being primarilly a religious to a semi-political organization because of the effort of Chines emperors to stamp it out When a secret order is well established and especially when its membership conceives interests, eradication becomes practically impossible. The effect of the persecution of the Triad society was to intensify its secrecy with mystic rites of great solemnity. Authorities say that there is a fascinating analogy between the Buddhist-Taolst rites employed by the Triad and those described in the Egyptian Book of the Dead. Moreover, it is stated, there is a close connection between both the Chinese and the Egyptian rituals and portions of the ritual of Occidental Freemasonry. It is probable that the impulse to organize and to join secret societies springs from an inferiority complex. The individual does not feel strong enough in his own personality to accomplish what he desires. He feels that, in addition to being illegal, some of his exploits would appear ridiculous. To throw the- mantle of a mysterious secret society about himeslf and those with whom he is joined seems, temporarily at least, to put a different aspect on the matter. Just as a child at play puts on a false face and feels quite important when he jumps from behind a door and cries "boo" at someone, so the member of the type of Ku Klux Klan which was organized after the World war and took part in politics as well as pranks, or the member of the Black Legion, feels that he is not like other men. He can patronize entire communities because he knows the mumbo-jumbo of passwords and countersigns and, while cloaking his own real identity, can bring terror to persons who are not of the elect. Borah to Ponder Landon Case for Several Weeks CLEVELAND, June 13. C/P)—A "breathing spell" to delay for several weeks Senator William E. Borah's answer to whether he will attack, support or be indifferent to the presidential candidacy of Governor Alf M. Landon was forecast today by mutual friends. This will permit the Idahoan to watch the activities of the Kansas governor for a while,' to give more mature consideration to the platform issues on which they hold antithetical views, Friends of the presidential nominee hope that time will bring the Idahoan into the Landon camp although he refused to support Herbert Hoover for reelection four years ago. . No decision was expected until after Landon's speech when, he is notified formally of his selection to head the republican forces in the 1836 hostilities. It may be delayed longer. Landon aides are known to have made conciliatory gestures toward the Idahoan. No direct contact was made with Borah in Washington but third persons have been enlisted for diplimatic activities, «. A new type ultra-short wave radio telephone has been developed by the United Slates forest service for airplanes used in fighting forest fires. BUS TRAVEL IS NORTH, EAST, SOUTH OB WEST Modern, Convenient, Comfortable Coaches 1 FARES ARE LOWEST IN HISTORY! 1, Liberal Stop-Overs Allowed, I. Reduction* on All Bound Trip Ticket*. I. Fast and Close Connections. 4. Safe and Competent Driven. LET U3 HELP PLAN YOUR TRIP OR VACATION NOW, Agent* Will Gladly Furnish Detail Information PAMPA BUFTERMINAL III SoMth RuftfeJI 3t, Young Musician HORIZONTAL Answer la Previous Pn**le 1 Brilliant young concert violinist. 12 Heavenly body. 13 Parts in dramas. 14 Period. 16 Related by blood. 17 Musical composition. 18 Metal string. 19 To permit. 20 Virus. 21 Chambers. 22 Bone. 23 He will be in •»— for_two years. 24 Kelp. 25 Beside. 26 Frostings. 28 Feet. 29 BOX. . 30 Halite bird. 31 Morindin dye. 33. Being. 34 Needy. 35 To accomplish ,16 Boy. 37 Soberly. 38 Sim god. 39 Form of "be." 40 Airs. 41 Dull red. 45 Crystalline substance. 40 Fable. 47 He recently with a •symphony orchestra. 48 He was a prodigy. VERTICAL 1 Marks of bondage. 2 To eject. 3 Female fowl. 4 Musical note. 8 Satiric. 6 Engine. 7 Rudimcntnl. 8 Mesh of lace. 9 You and me. 10 Simpleton. 11 Pattern. 12 Principle of heat. 15 Peevish. 17 Measures. 18 Was victorious 20 Edge. 21 Note in scale, 23 Declaims. 24 Food. 25 Rosary. 27 Rich milk. 28 Idiots. 30 beep purple. 32 Lent. 34 Sudden terror 36 YOung sheep. 37 Irrational. 40 Afternoon meal. 41 Mother. 42 Circle part. 43 Hurrah! 44 Sash. 45 Therefore. 4fi Point. By MARGARET BELL HOU1TON Chapter 32 CURIOUS VISIT Devine laid the hat and coat he had picked up on the table again. Dirk went upstairs, where he found Mary in the Hall. Mary said that Mrs. Joris was awake. Dirk assured her that Mrs. Joris rm.rst be prepared. "Say to her, 'Your father, the Rev. Devine, is here'. Just that. Then if she wants to see him, he may go in. Tell her that I telegraphed him. Not because she is terribly ill, ,but because I thought it would do her good to have him here. You see, if it won't do her good, if she doesn't want to see him, there'll be no sense In his going in." Mary looked so mystified at Dirk's insistence on this tautology (Mrs. Joris wasn't so ill that she needed to be reminded who her father was!) that Dirk added: "Perhaps I'd better tell her, myself." "Oh, no, sir!" said Mary. Of course she wouldn't tell Mister Dirk, but Mrs, Joris had asked that very afternoon that he be kept out of her room. She repeated the words to Hope a moment later. Hope lay a passive -atom in the great bed. The shadows beneath her drowsy eyes were blue as bruises. The eyes flew open, dark, incredulous. "Who?" "Your father, Ma'am. The Hev. Silas Devine." Hope sat up. 1 "Dirk did this," she whispered. "He telegraphed." "Mister Dirk wired him that you were ill, Hope, sitting up in bed, appeared to be thinking, thinking- fast. "I'll see him," she said. "Please say to Mister Dirk that I'll be glad to see him. Glad. Do you understand?" "I do, Ma'am." They seemed very careful about the message they sent each other. "My clothes," said Hope. "Get me my clothes." She was out of bed, standing whitely, looking a little dizzy. Mary, who had not anticipated that sudden move, drew her back, pressed the covers about her. "But Ma'am, your own father! He will come in here. He will come to you." "Alone!" breathed Hope. "He must come in quite alone, and remain in here, alone. No one else. No one. See that Birk understands that. And that I'm glad . . . glad to see him. How does he seem?" with a little catch of the breath. "I mean. . . does he seem kind? Merciful?" "I haven't seen him, Ma'am. But I know that everything will be as you would like it. Otherwise, he would not have come. . . And now; . . don't "talk any more. Except to him. I will brush your hair, and we will put on the bed- jacket with the roses, and all the little lace pillows behind you." There were dozens of these. Hope lay enthroned like a pale queen when Mary stole out to summon the Rev. Devine. Dirk was waiting in the hall. "How was it?" he asked. "She's glad, sir. Glad to see him. Glad he's come—just as I knew she would be." Dirk was relieved. Mary added: "She must see him alone, sir, Quite alone." "Of course." "And he must be kind, sir. He must be forgiving. She's a little . . . nervous about that, sir." "I've cautioned him," Dirk said. But I'll speak of it again." The Rev. Devine, when cautioned again, repeated that he understood. He came with Dirk upstairs. Mary admitted him to the room, and withdrew. She said to Dirk in the hall: "I'll fix the south room, shall I, sir? Mr. Devine may wish to stay the night." Dirk asesnted, and Mary prepared the room. She was sleeping in Rupert's room now, occupying a cot that had been placed in the passage between that room and Hope's. The door was closed tonight, but Mary, making ready for bed could hear faintly the voices of Hope and the visitor. She would not undress yet, she decided, because she must show the Rev. Devine to his room. She would do, however, what she could, like washing her face and saying her prayers. . . Poor Mister Rupert . . . there was something sad in using his wash-bowl, and not knowing if lie would ever come back to it any more! . . . Mary, having washed her face, had just sat down in Mister Rupert's leather-covered chair beside the lamp when she became aware that the blur of conversation in the next room had become clear, disturbingly clear. Hope had said something—Mary could not tell what, because she had not been listening—and now the Rev. Devine was replying. His Voice .sounded as if he had risen, as if he stood beside the outer door which was not far from this door here. He said: "I will not be party to any such thing. What wonder that you are ill? Your cure lies only with yourself." Again the blurred murmurs — Hope speaking, the Rev. "Devine speaking. (Mary could have heard that, too, If her ears hadn't been so poor). Then an audible parting word from the Rev. Devine: "You have no right to stay here; no right to sacrifice others. I will not be party to it." A door opened and closed. There was silence. . Or was there? Mary's ears could not be sure. But she was fearful for her charge (the next time she recommended a visit from estranged parents!) and she opened the door beside the cot, and went into Hope's room. Hope was sitting up in bed, her wide, dilated eyes on the other door. "Sec where he's gone!" she cried to Mary. "Sec what he's doing! . . . Don't let him go to Dirk!" Mary went out into the hall in time to see the Rev. Devine finish the descent of the stair, take hat and coat from the table near the door and depart—all very sternly, very quietly. "He's gone," she said, returning to the room. Hope lay back on the pillows with closed eyes. Mary felt the small quick pulse, rubbed the cold hands. Her thoughts were profane. She drew the covers about Hope's shoulders and raised a window to air the room. . . How would she ever tell Mister Dirk that her prescription had acted like this? . . . She needn't. . . . "There now, it's not worth it. It's not worth worrying over." Mary patted the shoulder underneath the cover. "Go to sleep, poor lady. It wil all be right in the morning. I've seen many a hard father in my day." Mary wanted to add, "But this is the worst of the lot." Instead, she said, "They all lived to be sorry They did, indeed." Hope's dark gaze moved up to her face. "What do you mean? Why do you say he is hard?" "She don't want even me to know," thought Mary, and answered soothingly: "His leaving so soon, Ma'am. Anc I'd got the south room ready for him." "He had to go," said Hope. "I Dirk asks about it, please say tha he had to go. I'm not so. . . verj ill. I've had these. . . these illnesses before. I always get well He knows that. It was nothing to come on for. Dirk shouldn't have wired him." Mary looked away before the searching- eyes. "She wonders if I heard him,' thought Mary. Treacherous ears with their half - sleeping nerves Often they woke at just the wrong moment, and captured what was not intended for them. "I understand, Ma'am, I had jus] Opens Class •FIGHTING CAMPAIGN' IS FORECAST BY HAMILTON Mrs. C. Boofcikep, pictured here, announced last week the opening cf classes III nccdlccrafl for women and older ffirls. Mrs. Boofcikce, a native of Syria, pracliccsi the needle arts of that country, and lirr colorful work has been admired by many Pampa women who have requested lessons. coino in my room, and heard him _o out. Ho hadn't been here half- nn-hour, but that was enough." ("It was Indeed," thought Mary.) "I didn't want him to disturb Dirk," added Hope more quietly, "r really feel better. . . now that it's over. Now that I've seen him, I mean." Mary hoped this was true. She removed the bed-jacket from her patient's shoulders, took away all the little pillows except the big soft one that immediately engulfed CLEVELAND, June 13. W)—Plans for a militant and whirlwind opening of the republican campaign to defeate President Roosevelt, possibly within tiie next ten days, tonight were mapped here by members of the party's high command. Among tne rear guard remaining here after the republican national convention it was tentatively decided that the spearhead in the earlier campaigning would be John D. M. Hamilton, energetic new chairman of the national committee. Governor Alf M. Landon of Kansas, the standard bearer, also will take a hand and become increasingly active in behalf of his own call for a "fighting campaign" as the election nears. Landon men said both he and Hamilton would travel extensively and turn to the radio frequently. Friends on the Kansas governor, disclaiming that they spoke for him, said they expected him before long the small white face. Her hand moved to the chain of the night- lamp. "Good night, Ma'am." Obediently Hope closed her eyes. Dirk is amazed at the improvement in Hope, tomorrow, to invade' the east fts weTf Ss tfil far west. They Spoke t>f a-Mndifi "pilgrimage" to spots In P8hhtifi vania he knew as a boy. A pcsSlbift swing into other eastern states Oh the same journey was mentioned.- Final plans, including ah orate Itinerary for Col. FftlfiK of Chicago, the vice presld nominee, will' not be Iftfide uhtfl Landon, Knox, Hamilton ftHd s#6e members of the fepublidafi fidftt- mittee meet at Topeka n€Xt 'files* day. • •• • ( Knox already has made plans forgoing into New Hampshire, fwSslbly soon after his departure tfbttl Topeka. He has a home iii Maflchester, nnd republican leaders there have named a reception committee to welcome him. Any immediate directing of republican fire against tne heV'Seal. would open up the campaign before the democratic forces have finally mapped the course Of thetr own. The democratic national Convention, at which the r&-nBntfng of the Roosevelt-Garner ticket • is scheduled, will open ten days from today in Philadelphia,. ' • . • Plans were fofmed. here today to 1 place the principal republican headquarters in Chicago. Hamilton,'will start many of his travels from' tHefe.. Other headquarters will be ope'hett 1 in New York, Washington, Kansas City, and in some far western clfcy,' under present plans. Odus Mitchell and Bill Anderson Want to See You at Koad Runner Service Station North of Post Office An Insured Investment The First Federal Savings and Loan Association of Pampa, chart: ererl by and operating under the supervision of the Federal Government, offers you SAFETY Of Your Investment You can eliminate worry a'bout your future financial security by adopting our sound savings-investment plan and have the peace of mind enjoyed by 'millions of thrifty and wise Americans, We invite you to see us today. - FIRST 7/ fEDERALSAVINGS AND LOAN A?'?pCIAtlpN OF PAMPA McCarleys June _ Buy With Confidence, Own with pride, when it's from McCarley'a Over 10 Years of Continuous Service to the Panhandle! Jn a beautiful silver-plated pattern. For One Week Only LASH!! Silver Plated Ice Tub and Tongs Complete Set For One Week Only Whether you are buying- for the bride or for the groom or both, you will find a complete set of suitable gifts at a moderate price at McCarley's. Below are listed a few of our many items. Lovely Catarack-Sharpe Crystal Glassware. Gorgeous Sterling patterns by Gorham, Reed & Barton and others. International, Community Silverware. Beautiful China in several lovely patterns. Exquisite Gifts from the Rancho-Craft factories, and others too numerous to mention. No matter which one of you "pops tire question" it's up to the man to get the ring. And here's where you will find the Lovely Solitaire and matching two-Lone solid Gold Wedding Ring COMPLETE SET $9950 22 SPECIAL! Blue White Diamonds A Wedding Ring In Solid Gold S17JO largest selection at the most moderate prices. We're proposing that you do your engagement and wedding ring shopping early Come in and learn about our Grow - A - Diamond Club. Our exquisite "Keepsake" sets range in price from $25.00 to $1,000,00 You will find lovely diamonds to suit your taste and purse at Me- CARLEY'S', Use Our Budget Plan And Pay While You Wear McCarley's "JEWELRY OF JNTEQRITY" -ocsl Watch Inspector.—Santa F«rF«rt Wwlfc * Denver £(,• j^

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