Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois on October 28, 1941 · Page 1
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Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois · Page 1

Sterling, Illinois
Issue Date:
Tuesday, October 28, 1941
Page 1
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iOCAl FORECAST (By Tine A********* MM! not J TERLING DAILY Outstanding Community Doily for Wnitesid® and Adjoining Counties FALU !S4§ C. S, S*wre*« miffs tfaare ?8,&» — trading EIGHTY-SEVENTH YEAR-No. 101 Full L?*-«#d Wire Associated Press STERLING, ILLINOIS, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1941 M«nber of the A wilt Bare*n o? Circulations PRICE FIVE CENTS Showdown Looms On UMW Walkout ^Ordered by Lewis Complete Question of Defense Strikes May Be Brought to Head Government Prints Identification Tags WASHINGTON — <AF> —Senator Sallcy iD-NC> prepaid in the sm- te today an amendment to the pending armed ship bill which would bring labor strike."; within the category of wtbotace when their Inten' ,was to retard defense production. Bailey's action came as Presiden Evelt confronted John L. Lew*ls With a virtual ultimatum for speedy end to the captive coal mine •trike. Heavy fines and imprisonmen would be Imposed on leaders and rttclpants In strikes, under Bailey'; il. Senator Byrd <D-Va> told the sen fete that the President could end Strikes In defence industries by tak Ing 'firm measures." Byrd said the President had writ- en "three humble and pleadinR let ters" to Lewis, head of the United Mine Workers, asking an end to the gtrike In captive mines. Bailey's proposal, offered as a "rid r" to the pending neutrality repeal Jation, would Impose stiff pen allies on persons responsible for •topping work In defense Industries A flnc of $10,000 and a five yea prison term could be imposed when •ver two or more employes agreed to or omit to do any act with In. at to delay the defense program. Demand* Unobstructed Output Underscoring his third appeal to the CIO mine chief to call off the ttrike, Mr. Roosevelt declared In his lavy day speech last night that nation will and must speak Drain every assembly line—yes, from •very coal mine—In our vast Indus trial machine." • A few houni earlier, the Presiden bad told Lewis: "There is every reason for the con nuance of negotiations. "There Is no reason for stoppage Of work. j. "It Is. therefore, essential that thi mining of coal should go on with interruption." Mr. Roosevelt gave no hint of the •ctlon he would take if Lewis fail •d to heed his latest manifesto Bvcrythlng, however, pointed to an Imminent showdown which migh not only the captive mine tout the whole futon qmt to defen** to WASHINGTON — (APi — One thousand identification tags, drsign- rd for use on wounded nlr raid victim-;, haw* hf^n printed by the office of civilian defense. ! Trip cardboards, turned out by the Rovcrnrnrnt printing office, carry :spaces for the names and addresses of the victim and the person to be notified, the diagnosed nature of the casualty, the treatment given, and whether morphine or a tourniquet was used. OCD officials confirmed the purchase of the tags, saying they were ! prepared as a suggested model for ; copying by local civilian defense i councils in cities where bombing at' tachs might occur. In congress many tempers were trowing abort. In the native atmos- , talk already was heard o legislative action to remedy the aituation unless the work stop page was ended hastily. It was re •tried that the general subject was touched on briefly during the Presi- at's conference with congressional lers yesterday. The United States Steel corpora' tton, owner of a number of the tied up by the walkout of 53,CIO members, announced an 1m- curtailment of operations a , of its steel mills, which depend their coal on the captive coUIer- number of labor leaders private- i crowing out of .the United Mine Workers' demand for a union shop ' feared that if the public's tern- became further frayed, there be legislation—or possibly an I ejejcutive order—forbidding compul- <*Jry membership in a labor union as condition of employment on work In any way with the deprogram, or otherwise sharply ibing union activity. The UMWs demand for a union i was the sole issue in the strike t took practical effect yesterda] In ste«l company-operate* in Pennsylvania, Wesl Kentucky, Alabama ant With the union shop in ef • each employe would' have to i a member of the union after ;irobationary period. iflM defense mediation , board a speedy hearing in a CIO •t the Brooklyn yards of the Drydock and Repair coin- where 14 vessels are being [10^ Burge, regional director of saU that the nub of the was a five per cent wage amounting to SlO.000 a k, which he said the company then withdrawn. 4 official aaid "the issue k of a closed shop." yard employ* 6,000 persons. Turkish Centrals Visit Hitler at Soviet Front . — <AP) — Adolf Hitler „' r*o*ived th* Turkish General* i VlMd Erden and Hueseyn Erkl- _ftt tof eaiitern front headquarter*. (Neutral observers quickly specu- ^-" that the reichsfuehrer may __ exerted personal pressure on p Turks for permission for German JU* to pas* through Turkey for U uceult on Syria. Iraq. IHUI (Per- or th* Ruiaian Caucasus, thus Ing any attempt by Britain her Middle East armies to the Rusaians.) ,said the had just mepartkin trip of the eastern them an imp*** I paetur* of the achievement* and of German troops and their also vieitod Field Marshal Walib*r von Braucbttoch to chief of th» army, and coiaf of tiw aje* Union Shop Drive In 'Captive' Mines An Opening Wedge * CIO Out to Organize All Steel Plants and Shipbuilding Yards By William T. Peacock WASHINGTON — (AP) — About 95 per cent of the 53.000 miners in the "captive" coal mines owned by the major steel companies are members of the CIO United Mine Workers Why should John L, Lewis and the UMW be so insistent that the remaining five per cent come In? Why should the steel companies so steadfastly oppose the UMWs demand for a union shop? Many of those in touch with the situation believe that the real issue behind the current controversy is whether the union shop shall be Installed eventually in all major steel making and ship building plants. Medlatiea Beard "Newtral" The defense mediation board recognized that this question was in the background when it decided against recommending either for or against a union shop in the captive mines. "It became clear to the members of the mediation board.", its report said, "that there could be no meeting of minds in the conference be fore it with respect to the two conflicting rights asserted In the present dispute, because of the possible percuslons of any agreement, here made on the steel and shipbuilding industries, in one or both of which most of the interests' involved te thto dispute are engaged." The two "rBjhtr to which, the board referred are: As asserted by the «^mp»p**«' The right of every worker to chooee for himself whether he will or win not join the "ntftij and tv contention that his employment should! not be made to depend upon union membership. As asserted by the union: The right of union workers to refuse to work with non-union men. . Ceoaplete IMenleatlen ftMgM When John L, Lewis named J. P, Morgan as his "adversary" be did so on the ground, that Morgan controls U. 8. Bteel. Big steel controls a vast steel- making and shipbuilding empire, Furthermore, It la the r leader for a large part of the American Industrial world. When big steel sets a wage, literally hundreds nf fall in line. Similarly, its policies act the policies of others. The CIO is out to organise all steel and shipbuilding plants,, U. 8. Steel, thus far. has steadfast ly stood out against the union shop. To win one in Ita coal mines would be to crack Its armor. THE WEATHEI (By-The Associated Press) For Chicago and vicinity: Fair and cold tonight; Wednesday increasing cloudi- Outlook for Thursday: Occasional rain, colder by night, niinoi*: Fair, ater* IB heavy frost to «!**• extreme couth portion tonight; Wedneeday tocreia- Ing OoudintJ* and warmer foltowad by rata to tral portion* luglnntng to afternoon or early night. low*: Increasing cloodine** and not *o cold tonight, followed by rain and OUTLOOK CHICAGO — (AP) — forecast for the period from •:» p. to 1:30 p. m. Saturday: Lower Great Lake*: The temperature will average below normal, warmer Thursday, colder by Saturday. Precipitation will average light, occurring hut of period. Upper lilisl*s>rnii valley and In- Th* temperature will average well below normal, with : perature at beginning of period and considerably colder about Thunday night and Friday, exoupt colder Minnesota Thursday, Precf- tation will average moderate to locally heavy, except light northern Hinneeota. occurring, mostly on Thursday. LOCAL TCMPIUUrV«U 2 noon 43 1 p. m. 42 1 a. m. 2 p. m. 43 3 a. Baft. 44— M 10 4 p. m. 6 p. m. • P-m. 7 p. m. • p. m, 9 p. m. 0 p. m. s> 43 41 M M S3 « ai 4 a. m. • a- m. • a.uL 7 a. m. • a. m. • a. m. 10 a. m. M M Five Elections Put On Vote Calendar For Illinois in 1942 Reds Hurl Nazis Back In Big Counter-Attacks County Clerks to Get "Official Copies from SpringfieM This Week SPRINGFIELD. ILL. — (AP> An official 1M2 Illinois election calendar, listing dates governing state and local elections next year, came oft the presses today and Secretary of State Edward J. Hughes said copies would be distributed this week to county clerks. The calendar lists five sets of elections—those in which some cities villages and townships will name officers to fill vacancies, school board and judicial elections, and the statewide general election on November 3 Offices involved in the general election are U. 8. senator, state treasurer, superintendent of public instruction, one congrcssman-at-Iarge district congressmen, state scnaton in the odd-numbered districts and state representatives in all districts. To this list will be added the office of state supreme court clerk if Governor Green calls for a special election to be held In connection with the regular election. County officers to be elected are judges, clerks, treasurers, sheriffs, county superintendents, of schools, commissioners in counties not unde* township organization and probate judges and clerks in counties of more than 70,000 population. Five supreme court justices will be chosen In the judicial election next June 1. Regfatratlea SUrte Joe I The election calendar fixed June 8 as the date on which county clerks throughout the state will begin registration of voters under the new permanent voters'' registration act, which applies to the November election next year, but not to the spring primary. These are major dates on the calendar: Feb. 7—First day for candidates for state and county offices to file in the offices of the secretary of state and county clerk. Feb. 10—Primary for nomination 'By The Associated Press) Russia's red armie sdefeiidlnf Moscow. strenRthened by fresh reserves from Siberia, were reported to have launched a series of fierce counter-attacks In ail sections and driven the Germans hack as much as 10 miles from the Soviet capital at some points today. Dispatches to Red Star, Soviet army newspaper, said Russian troops had fortified themseives in new positions after their counter-attacks and that the nazls had twice been beaten off in assaults on the village of "S." Forty of 80 German tanks used in the attack were destroyed, the dispatches said. Far to the east of the battle lines, the Russians were reported train- Ing a reserve army in eastern Siberia to prosecute the war. Weather Impedes Nazis Bad weather, coupled with bitter Soviet counter-blows, was reported to be slowing the Germans along the entire front Latest dispatches reaching London said the nazi onslaught into the southern Ukraine was slackening in the face of Soviet resistance, but It was acknowledged that German forces had advanced within 10 to 15 miles of Rostov, gateway to the Caucasus oil fields. In the north, the Germans said their siege guns had been pounding Leningrad steadily for the past 24 hours—apparently as the prelude to a direct infantry assault—and that Russians encircled in the Leningrad sector had made an unsuccessful attempt yesterday to escape byuea. German military observers said thick columns of smoke mushroomed of city and village officers (to flll vacancies only) to be voted on in election April 7. Feb. for repatriates for state and county offices to fill petitions. Mb. M-Frimary for city and vll- tap* officers (to nD vacancies only) to be voted orrto election April «. Ifareh 11—Last day tor calling supreme court nominating conventions. April 2—First day for holding supreme court conventions, April 7—Election of township officers (to-fill vacancies only) and'of city officers In cities and villages having within their corporate limits a /town or towns. April 11—Last day on which supreme court nominating conventions may be held. Ikheel Beard Mectlene April 11 April 11 — Elections of school boards hi districts having a population between 1.000 and 100,000, of all high school boards, non-high school boards, and of community boards of education. April 14—Primary for nomlnetiOB of ffiUHllMWea for state and county offices to be voted on in Nov. 3 election ,and for the election of precinct, senatorial and state central commlt- teemen of both political parties. April 31—Election of some city and village officers (to fill vacancies only). April 37—County conventions in county May 1—State conventions to be held in Springfield for drafting of party platforms and nominating candidates for University of niinote trustees. June 1—Judicial elections. June •—Voters' registration opens hi offices of county clerks. October 5—T«st day for registration in county Gterks' offices. September !•—Ftrat precinct registration day October •—Last precinct registration day. • November 3—General election. The calendar also lists dates BOV- emlnt filing of petitions by candidates for precinct onmmlrtee The first date for «inf such r pett- tiom is Mb.. II, and the leal la I, Fro* OkhkoM Eastward (By The A i) th- Overcoat and anti-free** er chilled the midland* today. Temperature* at fneatog or below were reported throughout th* vast territory from the gnat plain* and northern Texas eeatward •laaojt to the The free** front line at the weather bureau observation time («:10 a. m. O. B. T.) extended from Eft City. Okla., through Arkansas. *outh of m. Lot*, M*..through w**t central Indiaaa, nortbveatnn Ohio to northern New York atate. , O. E. Ounn of Chicago aaid th* cold anap had mr**< to th* Atlantic eoa*t where a rapM drop to t*aip*rature wa* to jrugm*. Lowwt reported to the mklweet wa* 10 above mnt at Mtoot, M. D. Other Tr* t ** t "'ir ti T" t ' II *t Minn.: l».at Park Palls, Wit; V at Rockford, DL. M at flault at*. Ma, Mkh; 10 at Port Wayn*, Lafayette aai Terr* Haute, Ind. Thar* were snow fhirrie* to upper Hi, after chalktog up a r rainfall record of i$» turf thto n, and a t ov?r ths one-t!m« capital of the czars as nazi artillery rained shell into (fccnlnBrstd's factory dbtricts. British Forces Poised On the Ukraine front. Soviet dis patches said the Germans were driv Ing hard toward Rostov-on-Don whose fall might provide the grea "turning point" In the wnHhern Russia conflict and plunge Britain's powerful armies of the Middle Eas mto action. Estimates of the British Middle E&st forces range from 500,000 to 1,000,000 men. London sources have predicts freely that If the Germans capture Rostov, the green light would be flashed to G«n. Air Archibald P Wavell's Imperial forces to march through Iran (Persia) and establish a new British fighting front In the Caucasus. Authoritative quarters In London said the German armies on the central front were still 38 to 40 miles from Moscow at the nearest point but they acknowledged that In the south the nazls were closing In around Rostov and Imminently threatening to overrun the entire Donets river industrial basin. War Plant* Knocked <hrt Military advices reaching London said the Germans already had succeeded In knocking most of the basin's war foundries out of action with several key points actually In naxl hands and others isolated by crippled communication lines. Moscow, however, insisted that the big industrial city of Kharkov, Russia'* "Pittsburgh of the Ukraine," was still in Soviet possession- Offi- (Couttnued on page six) Womon Tostes Burglar Her Husband's Trousers SEATTLE — (AP)—Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Miller had retired. A flashlight beam from an open window pierced the darknea* of their bedroom and a man's voice ordered! • Throw me thorn pants." Mr*. Miller toned out her husband's trousers, which contained one dollar. The man and pants vanished. Field of 16 to Seek State Husking Title Near Tonka Friday \ ™ CH7CAOO — CAP)—Nejne* of the IS eounty eon' husking champions whose high *core» earned them a place to the Illinois state contest next Friday were announced today. Ecu* Vaughn of-Piatt county, who art a new record hi winning last year* atate championship with 45.43 bushel*, wffl defend hi* title thi* year on th* farm of Theodore Schaefer and Son*, near Tonlca in La Salfe county. Other competitors chosen are: Leland Klein. Woodford county, who husked 5023 bushels; Leonard Thompson, Shelby, 48.15; Clarence Endruis, Marshall-Putnam, 46.03; Albert Ehnle. Peoria, 40.01; Wilbur Challand. De Kalb, 4S.44; Glenn Wall. Bureau. 41.0; Leaman White, Piatt, 44Jg; Maynard Bruns. Ogle. 44J6; Edgar Vermilllon, Douglas. 42.•7; Date Oobte. Clark, 42.45; Earl Noaitfrtttait7~4z33r~0eorge Bower, Btepheneon, 41J6; F»d Tan Huiaen. Carroll. 4LM; Ed Olson. Kendall. 40J7; Floyd Wise. La Salle, 43.86 (qualified *" t/ T T '*tii*aJly beceuen he t* from the host county.) First and second place winners to the atete contest will be eligible in the national contest on the tame farm, Nov. 1. Irrin Bamnan, of Woodford coun ty, who placed aaoond In the ctete contact last year and went on to win national championship, **B* announced hi* retirement from compe- Chkago Police Nab CHICAGO — believed by day on a % by a fast detective work. (AF) Pour men t» eftnsUtuU rounded up to- Two girt danc- Uw lor Ltout WUttam Drury aaid the capture* to the Wilaaa avenue night Ufe dtetrtct Innlijiil thte way: A garaaaaaaa asserted a car with hehadaer- and a •aebtae evn. A a*uad iptrt- ted the car. nmatraininl, to front of a night etob. Two g£to and on* man ire nabbed when they approached, the man identifying himself a* Robert Nicholson. V, alia* Lynn, of Chicago, and artmtttart he had escaped jail At,Oovtngtoa, Ky., where he bad been held on a burglary charge. Detective* kept a rendefvou* that tficboJetu bad. meeting aiMKhtr car vith n**%h Haen** Biate* and a Chicago man white a third escaped police gunffe*. The eacance va* Meted at ht * room. Lieut. Drury said be identified himself at •Award Popp* of Huntington. W. Va.. and admitted burglaries at also Racjja* and E>no•ha, Wl*. The fourth man. a Chicajoau, was tuned to Nicholson's apartment f *vt ariMted. UN*. Drurr aaid that to ***** our d*teotive* found a caah bag from and Trust OL. and that he bureau of in to UM tovactt Killer Soft-Peilals Hatred of Religion To Prosecute War Is Anxious to Avoid Internal Strife While Pushing for Conquest By Fred Vandenchmldt Naxl spokesmen quickly cry "fantasy" today In retort to President ttooeevelfji charge that the United Btatee government JIMIMM doeu- eajntasf. etkUejue of a nad plan to aboUshr.aH existing religion*. Thne the unexpected accusation and the Berlin reaction bring Into focus the fact that Hitler, hi the course of this war, has been at pains to soft-pedal the neopagan and anti-religious aspects of nazucm. Regardless of what Hitler thinks or plans to do about easting religious creeds. It has become apparent that he has realised from the start of the war the necessity for harnessing German spiritual faith to his total war effort, and for avoiding disturbing event* within .Germany which would evoke a conflict between the religious conviction* of the German people and the military course of the Reich. Therefore, from Germany itself the world for two yean ha* heard extremely little from cuch pre-war tocldent^aa-the-arrert* and t onment of den en, of the destruction of synagogue*, of the separation of children from religious instruction or of the subtle but steady replacement of religion by pagan symbols. Before the war this was a continued story and no particular attempt wa* mad* to conceal it. Net* AJ Be Caa Get Hitler had another reaaon for these things to be forgotten: Thar* were other deeply religion* countrtoj in Europe which he needed for hi* "new order," and he retarded it best that their suspicion* of nail neopeganlon be allayed, both before and after they were conquered or persuaded. Especially was thi* true when he turned against Russia and, to what he caned a holy war, set out to "safeguard Europe and tint* aava all." Cartful readers of Hitler* cpeech hftvc noted, since the start of the war. repeated reference* to the Al mighty, invocation* of Drrto* aid. God I* on the at* of naal Oer- f ar a* to ••* that thfe la*t had been proved by Germany *• victor***. HI* order of the day to the German inlflte** on their invasion of Russia l*st June 32 concluded with these word*: "The dMttoy of Europe, the future of the CM Reich and the existence of our pie U In your band* alone. May Almighty Ood help u* all to thi* flghtr Then, thi* month, be itigremi from hi* winter help speech to ex plain hi* theory that the almighty to whom he had been appealing wa* who cooled on the ctrong, and he concluded: "Nation( Help yourself, then the Lord wont deny Hi* help!" At one other point he aaii. to contending fMt he had trtea *to cerely to peach an agree***** with Poland. No, 1 Oeraan victim of Into war must have been Providence which prevented it." Thi* may be compand with the re- pnrfa. n f l^^^^ f .nu| credtted to Ouitaal Htasd, of Poland, and leNtd by OM Pel Ufa emhaaiy to the Vetican, k story of (teath, taaBriaBiM torture of jirieaH i pied Poland and onnrtniini (hat "Catholic 1U* te aknojt *tttif*hr •xtinguklMr to <e»t >njuteh*rt **. ttea. ' Roosevelt Address Commended 8 to 1, Says White House Phone end Telegraph Lines Swamped at President's Residence WASHINGTON — fAP) — Presi dent Roosevelt's Navy day speech drew A mixture of praise and critl cLsm from members of congress today, supporters of neutrality act revision generally applauding the ad dress and opponents of pending amendments taking an opposite view. Press Secretary Stephen Early said White House telegraph lines and the telephone switchboard hat "collapsed" unde rthe load of messages evoked by the speech. Early said they ran about 8 to 1 In favor- Ing it. Early said a survey showed the speech had the fourth largest audience rating recorded, being 51 £ per cent In the United States alone and composed only of home audiences On the basis of this survey. Early said, thoMS who calculated the rating estimated 50.000.000 people in their homes heard the speech aru that an uncounted but vast audience outside this country listened also. The highest audience rating yet recorded was 70 for the the address last May 37 in which the chief executive announced he had proclaimed a state of unlimited national emergency. The President's remarks on defense production drew especial attention. Senator Thomas (D-TJUh) of the foreign "relations committee said he thought the speech was "very consistent with the times and conditions" "I believe." he said, "that the talk represents the feelings of most of the American people." Senator Aiken (R-Vt) however, remarked that "our country has been run on mystery and drama too lone already." "Adherence to the principles and form of our government, straight forwardnen and competency are now more vital objectives than world conquest." Aiken said, "the President notwithstanding." Other comment: Senator Hill <D-Ala>—The speech was magnificent in ita flmnHneai and in its leadership." Senator Wheeler (D-Mont) — mien can now be no question that Mr. Roosevelt will Interpret repeal of the neutrality act aa a mandate BBfc 'GQH^EfW vO Bfr BOIBtt BtBO fl ahooUng war." Senator Nye (R-ND>—The speech represented an all-time low in American leadership. I've never heard the President when he seemed to reach with such desperation for straws." •• .— --• Senator Wiley (R-Wls)-"I got the Impression that the President was ready to go to war." I Presiden! Proclaims Nov. 11 Armistice Day Revival of Bkyding Brings Sharp Rise In Toll of Fatalities PHILADELPHIA — (AP) — The pris-1 •ay-bicycling tune* which- Father once chirped a* he pedalled along streets unencumbered with heavy automobile traffic are becoming modern theme .song* of death, the report of a safety expert showed today. Safety engineers throughout the country are frankly puxsted and alarmed by the bicycle trend," aaid Edward P. Curran, eafety director for the Keystone Automobile club, reporting that In Pennsylvania alone laat year 41 cyclist* were killed to highway accjtent*, an increae* ol 3U per cent over 1932. The injured totaled 1,300. VioUtion of traffic cafety rule* I* the principal cau*e, too, he declared. Widespread UM of nitery take* th* 'bike' out of the fad elawifkation," Curran addteX the problem which coufront* th* stetos la mad* more compta by th* fact that a great majority of are 'children." Kid* and clindk* of th* early UOO'c had comparatively uttte to watch out for during the era when wheels tier* me one of the nation'* favorite mean* of k Within th* part ba* surged back into popularity. Dr. John B, Bowman of the . Fonnayl vanla bureau of highway aafety. found annual production ha* been man then 1,000,000 *lnce IMft. Senate Group Advises Telegraph Co. Merger WASHINGTON — CAP> — The •enete interstate oomiacro* corn- today that congress permit * merger of the Weriern TJnion and Postal Telegraph compank*. The committee approved, with Minor change*, a report on the pro- pQMd merger previously adopted by mitt** after nearly two yean of legislative Senate Majority L*a4*r Barkiey (D-Ky), a member of the eonunit- tee, said that the next ctep would nvolve introduction of actual legi*- lation carrying out the propood s»e- involving nearly 10, 000 worker* and th* two hua**t do- Britisli Roid (AP)—British bomber* tilled tniee paraen*, WNUMMd 13 and leasajad several houea* io a raid yesterday upon &*nga*f, axis-held Libyan city, th* Italian command WASHINGTON — < A P)—President Roowrelt today proclaimed November 11 us Armistice day and called upcn the American people to pause on that date "to show gratitude for the past, to rededicat-e the nation to the fundamentals of human liberty, end to defend our future." The PnvsWent himself will speak at ceremonies in Arlington National cemetery. In his proclamation he noted that the armistice of November 11, 1918 marked "the successful end of a war which undeniably tawed democracies from imperialistic conquest." but that "forces of lawlessness and inhumanity have again been unleashed against us." Foreign Reaction To Roosevelt Talk Is Same as Usual Italy Uses Speech as Stick to Goad Japan Toward Involvement (By The Associated Press) Bitter denunciations and denials In the axis capitals, satisfaction in Britain and cautious official silence In Tokyo were the major response* today to President Roosevelt's "shoot- Ing has started" speech last night. The Hamburger Gremdenblatt in Germany described the speech as "the last step to an * undeclared shooting war against Germany and her allies." The newspaper said the speech caused no fear In Germany anc "indicates a shocking mlsjudgmenl at the moral strength of the German people when the President, re ferrlng to November, 1918, created a vain hope for the collapse of the German people." Informed Germans said the speech would have been funny "except for the fact that the President's policies could have the direst conse quences." j Italian fascists interpreted the speech to mean convoys and another step toward United States belliger ency. Virglnk) Gayda, foremost Italian foreign commentator, called President Roosevelt's announcement of aid to China in hi* speech "an ostentatious challenge" which Japan would handle. •The fact was known but never 40 explicitly declared," Gayda said in n Oiomale dltalia, adding th» Japanese. government and people "wtll take care to draw suitable consequences from it." A Japanese spokesman said the speech would be "studied with Interest" by the Japanese government. The Japanese newspaper Hochl said that the United States opposes Japan in the Pacific as a common enemy along with Germany and that Japanese should read the speech wtyh that understanding. The paper said the President admitted the United States already was at war without a declaration by laying the shooting has started. British m** EnthMtestle The first British newspaper*! appearing after the speech greeted it with enthusiastic '8U11 slowly perhaps, but inexorably, the United States moves toward war," the Evening Star commented, declaring the speech to "a tremendous offen rive against Hitter. Lord Beaverbrook's Standard, an afternoon tabloid, aaid: "President Roosevelt has acted. These are deeds, not words. He challenges our enemy. His nation does not yet finally defy naal ambition to conquer earth. It has defied Hitler's ambition to rule oceans. "If not all America, at least the American navy, equipped by the President's foresight, to ready for war. It is at grips with neat Oer- ttany on tht Atlantic now its eone of operations maf ba extended to There wa* no Immediate respon** Latin America, to whose 4* fen** againat what be said were nad plan* for conquest and reorgantaa- tton RooMvelt devoted a aection of hi* talk. Tbi* part of th* ipeech wa* de- atrib*d by Berlin •ource* a* "the climax of Roosevelt fantasy and the ar* a* -bad a* they.are absurd Th* "secret map" which velt said had come into hi* •ton showing Germany's plan* with regard to South Anierica they calted a complete swindle and forgery, 1 and challenged him to «*y "where he got it and why he kept It *o 'If Roosevelt's henchmen manu [actured one if* a clear forgery in- jfuded te out-do all previous forger in," they added. The whole ipeecrt, Germans aaid, ,*** pongliflmefatton ol suspicions , slander*, faMflcatioh* and suppositions which could not by any etretch of the imagination b* won*.' U. S. Plants to Moke Army Tanks MEW YORJC — (AP) — Th* " ' ~ kfachinlit «day th* d*f eue* program 3ftll*i fc*r iht BkAttufM&m f o meter tank*, and that plant* wei* jiected to be tooled up for a pro- dttction rate of 190 a month. Tank huifcan* an* gaated tomato* HH M*olu*a tank* a month th* kgaxto* said, but will expand that rate to MOO a month by the President Asserts U. S. Is in the War To Stay Until End It's 'Who Fired Last Shot' That Will Count, He Declares to World WASHINGTON — fAP) — President Roosevelt damned the torpedoes and called for full speed ahead today in the nation's efforts to hasten "the destruction of Hitlerism." In a Navy day. address that went to the four corners of the earth, the chief executive declared last night that "the shooting has started" . . , America has been attacked." Then he used for his keynote Uia fighting words which Admiral David Farragutt gave to history-in the battle of Mobile bay. He pledged that military supplies of all kinds would reach Hitler's foes, despite all nazi sea war- threats, and he added with firm assurance: "In the light of a good many years of personal experience, I say that it can never be doubted that tho goods will be delivered by this nation, whose navy believes in the tradition of 'Damn the torpedoes; full speed ahead!' " He told the world Vhat "the forward march of Hitlerism can ba stopped—and it will be stopped." "Very simply and very bluntly," he said, "we an pledged to pull our own oar in the destruction of Hitlerlsm." He directed attention to his order commanding the navy to "shoot on sight," whenever axis raiders are encountered. "Those order* stand," he said sternly. Diacmaea Nail Deaigm The speech was Mr. Roosevelt 1 * first public pronouncement on In. ternatlonal affairs in six weeks, and he used It to cover an important series of topics. He charged that the Hitler regime had already mapped and planned the future partitioning of much of Latin America into five vassal states. Documentary proof of this, he said, is now in the hando of the United States government. He charged, too, that the nazte had completed a secret program- to be put into effect when the time was ripe — for exterminating all existing religions and replacing them with a new order credo which would have Meln Kampf for its Bible, the swastika and naked sword for it* symbols. He gave his promise that once the 'curst of HtUcrtem- had been end. ed. the United States "shall help to establish a new peace which win give the decent people everywhere a better chance to live and prosper hi scurtty and In freedom and in faith." . Kapa Jehu- L-Lewie And—amid two great outbursts of applause and cheers from his immediate audience — he struck out against the "selfish obstruction" of defense production by labor disputes. The first occasion was an Inescapable reference to the captive coal mine strike which Mr. Roosevelt has thrice asked CIO's John L. Lewis to call off. "Our nation will and must speak from every assembly line," Mr. Roosevelt began, and then departed from his prepared text to Interpolate: "Yes, from every coal mine—from the all-inclusive whole of our vast industrial machine. Our output must be multiplied." He continued: "It cannot be hampered by the selfish obstruction of a small but dangerous minority of industrial' managers who hold out for extra proms, or for 'business as usual.' "It cannot be hampered by the sedflsh obstruction of a small but dangerous minority of labor leaden who are a menace ..." Applause and cheers halted him momentarily, but presently he was able to continue: "... For labor as a whole know* that small minority is a menace to the true cause of labor Itself, at well as to the nation at a whole." The setting for the President's ktress was the annual dinner of the Navy league in the glittering ballroom of the Mayflower hotel. There ire uniforms and gold braid in profusion. Ensigns, admlra.'s, arr y md marine corps officers rubbed elbows; and shared tables with congressman, members of the judiciary d representatives of foreign countries—the fare was fo'c'sle fare- navy bean soup, fat back and cab- base, and navy brisket, mulligan style. At the very outset Mr. Roosevelt Indicted Hitter for attacking shipping in "areas dose to the America* in the north and south Atlantic." He cited the loss of American (Continued OB page twelve) French Help Guide British Air Raiders LONDON — (AP)-Resldento of the German-occupied dty of Nantes, scene of the recent elimination of nazi "xprpf rHfant. flashed llgfite m greeting to the R. A. P. Sunday night as the British fliers dropped high explosive and Incendiary bombs along with thousands of leaflets, the ah- ministry stated today, fifty hottefes have been executed fan Nantes in reprisal for the slaying of a German officer, and another are awaiting similar death unless the Oeman 1 * slayers are turned up. Answering the leaflet* which were deacrtbed as "a message of hope for ultimate deliverance," some Mantes reshjeote flung open then- doors and lit up their bouts* "as though blackout curtain* had been torn ask* from the windows," -the air ministry

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