TnrieY.e., Kansas Goinp. THE lOLA REGISTER VOLUME XLVIII No. 69 The Weekly Register, Establiitied 18E7: The loU Doily Register, £s«3bli«iied 1897. lOLA, KAS., TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 16,1945. Successor to The lols Daily Begister, Tba lolf Daily Reeotd, and lola Daily Index SIX PAGES Germany Caught In Huge Allied Vise Gen. Ike Resumes Offensive British Strike Above Aachen As Capture of Houffalize Further Flattens Belgian Bulge By JAMES M. LONG Paris, Jan. 16. (AP)—Gen. //^i.senhower resumed his win' ter offensive today when troops of the British Second army attacked hear the Maas (Mouse) river north of Sittard, even as Americans captured Houffalize and reduced the Belgian bulge to a thin shadovi- of itself. The British Second army struck above Aachen in the Dutch appendix exactly a montli after Field Marshal Von Rund.stedt had attaclced in ' Belgium, dLsnipting Eisenhower's pie.s.sure allaclcs aimed at the Ruhr .and Saar arsenals. After Great Barrage British infantry and tanlcs struck after a rolling artillery barrage in the mists of aawn and a forward officer said the "great attack started well." Initial progress was made against moderate opposition. RAF planes flying support found the battle area so hazy they were unable spot the foe or even see the Rantings Reveal Hitler Sick in Mind and Body BY DANIEL DE LUCE Moscow, Jan. 16. (AP>—"Now wc are ah sitting in one boat in a dreadfal storm" Hitler cried. A disordered lock of prey- streafced hair hung: across his sweaty forehead. "He who jumps overboard— man or nation—will surely drown," Hitler continued. "It is possible the boat will capsize. But it is more than Uliely it will reach land. "To the last man, to the last drop of blood, I will defend the fatherland." Thus for two hours Hitler ranted and harangued. Again and again his rasping voice choiied into a near shrielc. Surrounding him were his intimate henchmen — Ilimmler, Keitel. Gnderian. But the man he addressed was the unhappy chief of staff of a Hungary that no longer wanted to fight on the side of Germany. The place was der fuehrer's headquarters in East Prussia. The time was late September, 1944. The story of that Interview, the consequences of which were so tragic for more than 8,000,000 Magyars, was told me to- i light by the man who braved litler's wrath. He is Col Gen. Janos Voeroes, then Admiral Horthy's special envoy. Now he is defense minister of liberated Hungary. "Hitler lool(ed like a pig who had been led too much," Voeroes said. "Plainly he was sick in mind and body. The last previous time I had seen him was in May. Between May and September, even in those few montlis, 1 was convinced his mental condition had deteriorated." Inauguration On Saturday Brief Ceremony Will Be Broadcast; About .5,000 Official Guests to tattle. The British attack was centered between Maestricht and Maeseyck, IS miles northwest of Aachen and 40 mile-s west of ihc great Rhineland arsenal of Dusseldorf. It wa.s th? first Allied .seizure of the initiative lince the Gern*an brealtthrough in the Belgian Ardennes' area December 16. .South of the bulge, Lt. Gen. George S. Palton's U. S. Third army .ilso was making offensive gestures Ijefore the Siegfried line, capturing I Washington, Jan. 16". (APi—The six German villages this week in ; VThite Hou.se announced toduv that the Mo.selle valley beyond Luxembourg. Borf in an advunce Tettlingen Fell Without Fight Houffalize fell without a fight to iho "hell on wheels" Second armored division of the First army. The First nnd Third armies bc- twien them cleared the Germans from a large but loosely held area north .and west of the rood center, whicli has been the pivot of tho German defense line. The cnpture of Houffalize narrowed the bullae to 15 miles west of the Gcrrman frontier.~^The penetra- IContlnned on Pure a. No. 1) Red Drive Mounts In Fury Rip Holes in Nazi Defense Lines Along 600 Miles of Newly Erupting East Front London, Jan. 16. (AP) — Russian troops in a great new offensive have struck forward 38 miles in a 75-mile wide breakthrough between War.saw and the powerdrive salient already thrust across southern Poland to within 49 miles of German Silesia and within 21 of Krakdw, Premier-Marshal Stalin announced tonight. The German high command said Sclilossberg, 13 miles inside East Prussia to the north, had fallen to still another Soviet offensive. Tlie newest push, Stalin said in an order of the day, sprang forward from Vistula river bridgeheads at Warka and Pulawy Sunday. Threaten Rail Link Russian armies were ripping gaping holes in Nazi defenses along 600 miles of front, and seriously threatening one of the main rear communication lines of Warsaw. The new breakthrough was the second phase of Stalin's grand winter offensive. Marshal Ivan Konev's big First Ukrainian army, pounding westward toward Kragbw in southern Poland, fought its way into the other salients of defense of the Nazis' Krakow- Warsaw railway line, reputed to be om of the strongest German forti- ; lied zones in southeastern Europe. ' This railway, connecting the Pol- I ic.h capital with Silesia's coal mln- ! ing and munitions industries, la one ! of Warsaw s chief arteries of supply. Russians Hurl Might f *Vilno •Sijwolk At .lit. JL . ill. Aff. A- ftOMANlA ^ Russla^ns begin big push along entire front, pressing ahead at spots indicated by arrows on variotis sectors. Germans say battles are sweeping entire 600 jilles of eastern front frwn Budapest ih Hungary to Memel on » the Baltic—(NEA Telephoto.) nan villages thl.s week in ; v ^hite Hou .se announced toduv that KoneVs steamroller ah -eady % ^r^ Jas tL iTest caX'^ ""^ f'^'' P'"''^'- i '^ii^^ssion of Kielce on the W loldn in Group Winning Honor In Leyte Fight With the 24th Infantry (Victory) The pre .sidfMU esliniiitt-s the ceiv- mony scheduled for noon, will take no longer than 20 mlnute .s. Secretary Stephen Early said. Official guests are expect.'d lo number no more than 5.000, in a further move to keep thosp out.sic'.c of Wa.shingion from comiriK to the ceri-mony unless their preseiuc is necfcs.sary. The Office of Defeii.'.e Transportation appealed to thi: president to make it known that large crowds would interfere with the already congested train and bus systems. To B? Broadcast •The ceremony will t>e over the nation and shortwaved abroad. It will lie followed by a buffet luncheon at the White House. The ofQcial program issued today calls for the Marine Band to signal the opening of the oath-taking on Hold Kielce Konev's steamroller already was War- 49 German Silesia. .ShovhiB westward withoui support (Continued oa Page 6, No. 4) The Weather Division in the PhiUppines—Private • the south portico of the White Paul D. Redfern, 119 W. Campbell, Tola. Kansas, and ills buddies in Company "C" of the 24th DivLsion's famous old 19th Infantry Regiment, won a close and crucial footrace with a strong force of Japanese for commanding positions on a strategic hill on Leyte Island. In the wake of an artillery barrage which drove the Japs from heavily fortified positions on the forward slope of the hill, the company started moving up. The lead patrol on reaching the top shouted word t)ack that the Japs were rushing up the other side. Quickly the company deployed in a skirmish line and dashed to the top,' just in time to meet the Japanese and prevent them from crossing the crest and reaching the strong points. A sharp fire fight developed in the fading twilight with machine guns, rifles and hand grenades. It lasted until dark when both sides dug In on their respective slopes just below the crest and only a few yards apart. The Japs fired machine gun bullets into the company's positions and tossed grenades over the c^est during the night, but R«}fem ind his buddies held fast. The company was cut off on the hill and it took two days of liard fighting to clear the Japs from the area so that diminishing supplies of food and ammunition, could be replenished and the wounded evacuated. The capture of the slrongpoints eliminated a serious menace'to the operations of an entire battalion. THE ROAD TO BERLIN I Uv the A'*'«"cii*t(*d i •••HB> 1—Western Front: 301 miles (from near Duren). 2—Russian Front: 303 miles (from Trzchenlec, southwest of Kielce). 3—Hungarian Front: 364 miles 'from Hron river). 4—Italian Front: 544 miles (from Reno riter). House by playing "Hall to the Chief" as the president proceeds to thi; porch. The invocation will be delivered by the Right Rev. Angus Dun, Episcopal bishop of Washington. The vice-president-elect. Senator Truman of Missouri, will then take his place at the speakers' stand and lake the oath from retiring Vice- President Wallace. The president will then move to the speakers' stand, take the oath from Chief Justice Harlan F. Stone. (ContinD<td on Page 6, No. 5) KANSAS—Rain or snow north and rain south portion tonigrht; somewhat warmer, lowest 30 northwest to 40 southeast; Wednesday snow and colder west portion; rain or snuw ea.<it; wind 20-30 miles per hour. Temperature—Highest for the 24 hours ending 5 p. m. yesterday, 51, lowest last night 25 degrees; normal for today 32; excess yesterday broadca.si|8 degrees; excess since January 1, 16 degrees; this date last year- hie hest 45; lowest 28. Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. today, .0; total for this year to date, .04; deficiency since January 1, .61 Inches. Sunrise 8:37 a. m.; set 6:27 p. m. Thermograph Readings Ending 8 a. m. Today. 9 a. m 32 9 p. m 28 10 a. m 32 10 p. m 27 11 a. m 32 12 noon 32 1 p. m 33 2 p. m 34 3 p. m 36 3 a. m. 4 p. m 38 4 a. m. 5 p. m 37 5 a. m. 6 p. m 36 6 a. m. 7 p. m 32 7 a. m. 8 p. m 30 8 a. m. 11 p. m 27 12 m 26 1 a. m 26 2 a. m -.25 .25 .26 .26 .26 .26 .26 Returning Yanks Half-Hysterical With Joy at Reaching Home Again BY HELEN CAMP i infantryman who said almost hys- New York. Jan. 16. (AP)—Today ! terically. "I don't want my biography 1.368 men are home from the battle- \ in no papers. I ju.st don't, that's all." field in Etu-ope. They came from Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, Sicily—and they The 1,368 men comprised the largest group of non-casualties yet to be sent back from the combat are on their way to Pennsylvania, j zones. They were from the 12th Texas, Utah ad points north, south,]army group and had served, with east, and west. j the 1 1st, 3rd and 9th armies. The inter^'al In between—the first | All had been decorated, some as day those 1,368 men had spent on many as ten or twelve times. They American soil In anywhere from six | were hand-picked for 30-day merit months to three years—was a crazy furloughs according to their length kaleidoscope of sights and sounds.of service and nimiber of decora- and emotions. II was the boy who reached out to tions. evacuations, and wotmds. Some will be discharged, for de- brush my cheek lightly with his hand! pendency reasons, for medical rea as he stepped off the gangplank in sons, for army reasons. Others will New York harbor and said softly j be shipped back to combat duty, and impersonally, "An American]The majority will be labeled for girl I It's wonderful! It wasthe rudd.v-faced lieutenant colonel on the train to Camp Shanks BZT. D."— temporary duty within the United States. They arrived In New York as only who fumbled for official words to ; returning G. I.'s could arrive in New describe how It felt to be back In York. America and then broke into a little- They jammed the decks of their boy grin and exlaimed: "I wish I; troop transport In a raw waterfront could sing." [wind, some bareheaded, one shirt- It was the way a soldier looked at sleeved, all dancing and shouting a huge T-bone steak in the Camp and smiling. Shanks mess hall and half screamed.' They waved captured swastika Jesus Christ!" so that it sounded flags. They tossed European coins like a prayer. \ onto the docks. They whistled at girls, plain girls, any girls. And it was the bitter, steely eyc>d look on the scarred face of one pretty (Continue* m rsge % N«. »i '45 Crop Goals Up ALittle WFA Chief Calls for Slight Increase in Production of Most Items iij Coming Year Washington, Jan. 16. (AP) War : Food Administrator Marvin Jones called anew on the nation's farmers for all- out food and feed production this year as he announced final agricultural production goals for 1945. These^goals represent the total of state goals recommended by farmen^ farm leaders and slate agricultursi officials- and .nr^ approximately the sfcme as were recommended by the WFA last November 15. TliiB year's crop p.creage goal totaled 3®,635,000 acres, nearly three per cent! more than the 1944 planted acreage and a little more than the 363,616,000 acres which had been suggested by the WFA. ": Inrrease All Alone Line ; Goa'ls: for flaxseed, siigar beets and clover crop seeds^ were Increased s^ubstantlally over 1944 while moderati^ increases were decided upon for acreages for dry beans, potatoes' and tobacco. Legume hay seeds and soybean acreages will be maintaijied at the record 1944 levels. Jones s^ld The WFA called for a larger slaughter of cattle to meet Increased miUtary'and civilian demands. The cattle aftd calf slaughter suggested by the "WFA was 35,000,0(» head, an Increase over the 33.900,000 In 1944. Slaughter goals were not established on a state basis. •* Want More Pigs State recommendations callF .d for, „ . an Increase in the goal;for spring!_^^- Hartric'k is not unfamiliar pigs frofti 55.925.000 in 1944 to 57,. , with Allen. county as he spent three 563,000. The WFA had suggested ™onths here jn 1937 as agronomist. 57.000,00 (1 Farmers were urged to' Jl® * . '° Neodesha and has keep mo^e sows for spring farrowing " " • to help meet the goal. The number of sows 60 farrow in the spring was set finally at 9,.569.000' compared with WPA suggestions of 9,429,000 and the .1^44 estimate of 9,187,000. WFA Yiss announced Extension of the price'support period on hogs to March 31, 1946, to cover, the period when the spring pigs of 1945 will be marketet}. The national wheat goal was set at 67,731,000 acres. This compares with 6^454.000 acres planted for harvest Jn" 1944. Com Goal Higher The corn goal vras fixed at 99,098,000 acres, compared with 98,722,000 acres plahted in 1944. In ft :§tatement, Jones said food productian wiU be just as Important to the war this year as'it was last year. "We afe again asking for all-out production," he said. "I realize that farmers will be faced with the«task of overcoming many wartime production difficulties, Including labor, machinery and supplies, but barrtug adverse weather, I am confident that the year 1945 will be another one of splendid farm achievement." Only One Town Blocks Opening <ii China Road Mylttolna, • Burma, Jan. 16. (AP)—"The Japanese garrison at Wanting remained the sole obstacle to opening the new Ih- dla-Chiha supply road today with the fall of the twin enemy strongh (3ld at Namhkam to besieging Chinese forces. Namhkam,' last Japanese bastion in'North Btu-ma, was captured by troops of 'the 30th division of the Chinese .First ajjny Under- Gen. Sun IJ-Jen. which (Slipped through the Jungle and stormed the town from the reaf. Fall df Namhkam climaxed sU weeks of bitter fighting, during which the Japanese have climg desperately to a 25 -mUe stretchy needed to complete the new overland supply route to China. lola Now Soil Conservation Headquarters lofe. is now. the headquarters for the Soil •Conscr.'ation district comprising six cojinties, Coffey, Anderson, Linn. Woodson, Allen and Boiu-bon. unde.' the supervision of Gene Hartrick who moved here last week from Burlington. Establlshmept of the district office here "means -hi^ddlilon of at least two employees Tind also will ma'<ce this the permament Tieadquarters for Robert Cameron, forestry expert. Shortly before C. E. Crews was promoted to a better post In the northern, part of the state last summer it was announced that a district ofice would be installed at Tola but shortage "of trained personnel has delayed Mr. Hartrlck's transfer until this time. At present' Linn and Boiu-bon coimtles are not organized and much of Mr. Hartrlck's time and energies in the next few months will be devoted to establishing soil conservation programs in the two. counties. been in change of the Biu-lington office since l.'MO. Third Fleet Pilots Rake China Coast Barbex Receives Hero's Welcome Mission to Teachers In Session Today Sixty-five men and «omen registered for the morning ses' slon ot the "Mission td Tetch- ers" wftich is being held at this Methodist church toiday. Delegates from Yates Center, Rtnn- boldt, Moran, Oas City, Oar- nett and lola were present. The'conference will continue through the afternoon with the climaxi-being reached, at the evening service which will be addre^d by Dr. John L. Oehman, *Par8ons. Speakers this aftemdon will include Dr. A. WallafSe Roth, and the Bev. Kavmond Baldwin, both ol Topeka. » ' TTie meeting Is non-denoml- natlonttl and the public is in< vlted t9 sU sesslosa. Homer, IU.,^Jan. 16. (AP)—A shy. small town barber came to Homer yesterday,, received a welcome rivaling a retiirnjng hero's reception— and immediatiely went to work trimming the, shaggy heads of men folks in this village of SS3 persons. A reception committee, plus a goodly portion of ^he town's population, greeted the barber, Richard Duton, when he stepi)ed from a train. Duton, app'arently bewildereji by cheers from his greeters, liad difficulty ln>estralnlng some of the men from boosting him to their shoulcjers. Druggist Ed Kenney grabbed 'Dutgn's suitcase—containing his barb('r equipment. There was a procession to the Main street barber shop->wlthout a barbej: for ttiree monttis since the draft called the town's last tonsorial expert. Duton .arranged his barbering-articles, dohned a white coat and invited customers. Including the! sur- roimding rural commimity, Ihiton will have to jrlm isome 2,000 shaggy heads w^ch have been untodched by a barber since last October. .' Duton-caaie from Poosland, III., in respoS^se jo a -newspaper advertisement: Inprted, said committee members, because "our wives were raising the (Jevil." A ColoYful Oil Promoter Dies Oklahoma: City, Jan. 18. CAP)— Mkrk Kieed(,m, 53, an 611 promoter whose cbloriul careers varierf. between frequent clashes with the law andj lavish parties for tmder- privilegesi c^iildren. died here' last night less than 24 hours after his wife's deatfr. Kleeden's ifleath waa attributed to a heart ailment. Mrs. Kleeden, 35, died loUowiiijS a tonsillectomy.; Japs Fight For Road On Luzon Only Real Resistance Met So Far By Yanks Is for Highway Linking Manila to Baguio By C, YATES McDANIEL Gen. MacArthur's Headquarters, Luzon, Jan. 16. (AP)—Sixth army motorized columns are rolling down a t^jeisting provincial road with in'98 miles—80 miles airline —of Manila against no'more Disposition than an occasional sniper but other Yank forces are in a foot-by-foot fight with hill-entrenched Japanese on the extreme northeast flank defending the vital Manila north Toad. (Tokyo radio, which is hinting strongly that tiie Philippines reverses are leading up to the ouster of Premier Kunfaki Koiso, quoted an imperial headquarters; communique as acknowledging that "the enemy is gradually closing in on our forces on the central plains of Luzon.") Drive 30 Miles The deepest penetration toward Manila reported today carried Gen. Douglas MacArthtu-'s southbound doughboys out of Pangaslnan, Invaded one week ago from Lingayen gulf. Into Tarlac province where they captured the highway Junction of Camlling. That is an oVeral gain of 30 miles. Prom Gamlllng a lateral road runs 11 miles east to Paniqui on the Manila north road. That strategic, liighway, No. 3, which more and more will figiure in the Luzon campaign, links Manila with the summer capital of Baguio. Japanese forces In the Baguio area northeast of the expanding American beachheads at Lingayen gulf must hold the road as the last good connection between them and otlier forces of Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yama- shlta trying to struggle up bomb- cut roads from the Manila sector imder constant aerial attack. Stand Near Baguio One Yank force • already ha.s reached the Manila north road by driving to Urdanela, 27 miles east, and slightly south, ol Lingayen town. . But the first determined enemy stand is being made much nearer Baguio against .Sixth army units striving to push east along nine miles of concrete road from coastal Damortls to Rosario. Dean Schedler, in an Associated Press field dispatch, said Yank columns moving east from Damortls toward Rosario came, imder such terrific mortar and roachlnegun fire from commanding foothills that they (ContinuM) an Pae» (t Pfo. 2) Japanese Announce New Fighter Plane (By tho Aa.iociated Press) Japan's Domel news agency reported today that a new Japanese flghter plane, the Hien (Flyhig Swallow), had been sent into action overseas and over Japan's home Islands. The Domei dispatch, intercepted by the Federal CJom- munlcations conunlsslon, said that the Hlen had "already proved Its mettle In air combat by performing brilliantly in our interception operations against the enemy's B-29s raiding the Japanese homeland." Bold Blow At Jap Life Line WMC Lists Critical Jobs Essential Activities Divided As Guide To Draft Boards Washington, Jan. 16. (AP)—The War Manpower Commission today divided its list, of 35 essential activities Into two general divisions, labelling one "critical." The breakdown was issued as a guide- to selective service in drafting men 26 through 29. In line with the directive of War Mobilization Director Byrnes, registrants in work on this top-priority list will be held on their Jobs as long as possible to prevent disruption of war production. Those at work in activities making up the balance of the list will be the first called to meet the quota for some 200,000 men of this age group by July 1. All Jobs in seven general categories were designated as critical. These are: Production of aircraft and parts; production of ships, boats and parts; production of ordnance and accessories; production of ammunition; production of metal shapes and forglngs for essential products; .production of machinery; and production of essential rubber prpducta. Except for scrap salvage, all jobs in smelting, refining and rolling of metals were listed as critical. In the transportation services, coal mining and petroleum classifications, most jobs were rated as critical. Cia.sslfirations with no critical listings include agriculture and First Full-Scale Raid By Carrier Planes in Area Follows Destruction of 2 Nip Convoys By LEIF ERICKSON U. S. Pacific Fleet Headquarters, Pearl Harbor, Jan. 16. (AP)—Swinging north from the Indo-China coast where they sank or damaged 69 ships, U. S. Third fleet pilots bombed Hongkong, Swatow and Amoy along 350 miles of China's coast Saturday for the first full-scale carrier raid of the war on these ports vital to Japan's lifeline. Adm. Chester W. Nlmitz gave no details In his communique yesterday of the gold China coast blow, which took the Americans in behind the big Japanese base of Formosa, bombed anew at the same time. First Estimate Low However, Nimltz disclosed that the venturesome Third fleet pilots sank 41 Japanese ships and damaged 28 In wiping out two convoys off Indo- China on Thursday. His prellmmary estimate of 25 ships sunk and 13 damaged had been reported Friday. The overall picture was that of an audacious American carrier force iweeplng like a huge paint brush from Formosa, where more than 100 ships and 98 planes were destroyed or damaged January 8, down to Indo-China for the Thursday strikes and back to the Chine, coast on Saturday. In the Indo-China sweep the American fliers destroyed 112 planes —77 were caught on the ground, so great was the surprise—and dam- aped about 50 others in their westernmost penetration of Japan 's inner defeases. Pound Indo-China Ports They also heavily pounded key facilities at Saigon and Camranh buy, excellent Indo-China ports la enemy hands. Oil refinerie.s in the Saigon area, vital fuel .source for. Japan, were commercial fLshing: finishing of I ^^^^'y damaged. Fires were started essential metal products; and pro-| ^^^^^^^''7 °IK^^'\' duction of apparel. WMC said that technical, scientific and research personnel en- gaeed in any of the 35 essential categories will be regarded as in critical activities, whether or not the partinular activity appears on the priority list. Cpl. Everett Van Houtan Missing in Action Moran, Jan. 16.—Mrs. Everett Van Houtan has been notified that her husband Cpl. Everett Van Houtan, has been missing In action in Germany since December 15. Cpl. Van Houtan has tieen in the service since December i5, 1942, and overseas about foiu- months. He is an M. P. attached to an Infantry unit. His wife, the former Miss Earllne Brooks, and small son are now visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Earl Brooks, Moran. WAR AT A GLANCE The Western Front: Americans entered Houffalize; drove on St. Vlth in Belgian bulge; smashed along Moselle into Germany, The Russian Front: Russian winter offensive swelled all the way from the Baltics to Yugoslavia; Berlin reported new offensive in southern Poland, said Red armies were on the move in at least ten key sectors: Kllecff captured, Krakow menaced. The Italian Front: Snow limited operations to patrol clashes. •« The Pacific Front: American advance on Manila continued arainst light opposition on provincial road, met tough resistance from Japanese defending vital Manila north road. Yanks row in Tarlac province. Mass Before Luzon Invasion age facilities, warehouses and buildings in the Saigon area were set ablaze. A largo dock at Camranh bay. one of Asia's be.st liarbors, was demolished. Sixteen American pl.ines were lost in the Indo-Cl\ina raids—remarkably few for the re.siiHs achieved in (Continued on Page 6, No. 6) Chaplain Arthur P. Plnan conducts mass anoard one of navy ships that iiarticlpated in the invasion of Luzon. Men kneel before the altar.— (NEA Telephoto.) May Transfer Surplus Ships To Britain Washington, Jan. 16. (AP)—Sale or transfer to Britain of a substantial amount of. this country's war built merchant fleet is receiving serious consideration from several highly placed administration ofiQc- ials. The idea has been suggested at various times as a result of the enormous amount of shipping now under American control, and of Britain's cargo deficit. Backing for it is so strong that it appeared likely today to become one of the main proposals for helping the British to recover from the effects of war. Trade and commercial experts, Including those with somy policy control over postwar relations with Britain and other powers expect an intense postwar rivalry in shipping. Some contend that the United States will go into this rivalry with more ships than it needs or might teasonably expect to use. Their thought is that imless this country agrees to sell those ships to other countries which need them the others after a few years will build their own vessels and force the United States to tie up a sizeable portion of its merchant fleet. Sgt. Ralph V. McVaigh Awarded Bronze Star An Eighth Air Force Fighter Station, England.—Tech. Sgt. Ralph V. McVaigh, son of Mr. and Mrs. Floyd McVaigh of Selma, Kansas, has been awarded the Bronze Star medal for meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from May 21 to July 19. 1944. T. Sgt. McVaigh, a ground crew chief in one of the squadrons of Lt. Col. Kyle L. Riddle's 479th Fighter Group, serviced a P-38 Lightning which went out on 175 hours of bomber escort, strafing and D-Day support missions without having to be brought back once because of mecharUcal difficulties. Before enlisting in the Army Air Forces In April, 1942, T.Sgt. Mc Vaigh worked on his father's farm- He Is an alumnus of Kincaid fcdgh school and lola junior college, lola, Kansas.
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