Denton Journal from Denton, Maryland on December 31, 1938 · Page 4
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Denton Journal from Denton, Maryland · Page 4

Denton, Maryland
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Saturday, December 31, 1938
Page 4
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fOBLlBKEb BVBBY BATDBDAY BY MELVIN JOHNSON INCOBPOBATED BENJAMIN F. JOHNSON, Prald«al ud Tnuam UABY MELVIN, Vic*-President ud Secretary. Entmd at the PwtoOce »t Doiton. lid. n Saturday Morning. December 31, 1938 I TRIED I made a botch of many things In the Old Year, I stumbled where I meant to walk Erect with cheer. When my cross chafed, I ran away Sometimes and cried. I left much, much undone--but Cod, You know I tried. I want a better friend In this New Year. I want to fill more lovingly My corner here. Tasks bigger than I am may come-I'll question why . . . I am so helpless, God--but oh, Help me to try! --Helen Hamill, in "The Council Fire." IT IS PRESENT There is always some one to remark that folks don't think about religion like they did in the old days. They usually follow this up by saying it is a "Godless Age". This is not true, we feel sure and are aware of various instances where the inclination i more for religion than in other years. The average man is as interested in religion as always, and perhaps he doesn't talk about it but the reverence and respect is nevertheless present. There are plays on the Htage of religious subjects and trends of thought, there are numerous moving pictures with religious backgrounds and themes. There are many current books, fiction and non-fiction, dealing with the subject of religion. There are new folks joining churches, many of them of this younger generation. We are not living in a godles? age as long as man retains his faith in his fellowman and leads an honest and upright life. NO EXCHANGES There is a young boy of 18 years in Georgia who says he would not awap "his job for any office position that might be offered him. He has a 65-acre farm which he owns and this year he made 200 bushels of sweet potatoes, 250 bushels of corn, 800 gallons of syrup, 5 acres of cotton and a tobacco crop that was profitable. He owns 60 head of hogs, 15 . beef cattle, a good cow, a storeroom containing SO quarts of string-beans, 80 quarts of tomatoes and a number of jars of peaches and other fruits. This young man asks for nothing more, is satisfied and pleased with his labor and his earnings. The worry of paying the grocery-man is not for him for he grows his own. But a case like this is not exceptional, it is only brought to the attention of readers to remind them that if it can be done in Georgia it can be done here. BETWEEN WAR AND PEACE This is a season of good tidings and here are some told to me by a person just out of Germany. During the recent attack on Jews in that country, for the first time since Hit- · ler came into power there were open, active evidences that individuals were emerging' above the state and asserting their own standards and consciences. Here are some of the incidents. A crowd of Brown Shirts rushes down a side street in Berlin, breaks the windows of a little store, scatters the merchandise on the street. Standing at the curb is a truck. The .driver stands up in his seat. "What are you doing that for?" he roars at them, "you ought to be ashamed of yourselves. What did he ever do to you? and so on, until he is finally taken off to jail. In many houses, in some even of · Nazi officers, Jews were hidden and protected. College professors aided former Jewish colleagues, hunting them up, although they had been out of touch with* them for years. All this, be it remembered, was done at the risk of imprisonment, if not life. The German people also showed themselves at the time of the Munich settlement out of tune with Nazi purposes and policy when they danced in the streets for -joy, not over the conquest of Czecho-Slovakia but over the fact that there was to be no war. The effect on the government is not immediately what one would desire, for the result has been an increase in arrests of many others than Jews, and a purge in the army. But, regardless of immediate results, .here is a sign of the breakdown of militarism at the vital point. Subjection of the individual to orders from above is essential alike to dictatorship, militarism, and war. That is why democracies cannot hope to survive unless militarism and war are abolished. That is why whatever strengthens the' military spirit weakens · democratic government-whatever makes war more likely makes the survival of democracy less likely. If those who suggest war as a means of "protecting" democracy have their way they will inevitably prove to be its destroyers. Democracies must find another tool for accomplishing their purposes besides war. There is no hope that they trill do this if they continue to devote their efforts to war preparations. For these reasons the program for increased armaments and the present warlike tone of many government pronouncements are disheartening. For these reasons the recent Gallup Poll showing a big vote in favor of military training 1 for CCC boys is discouraging. It is evidence of a lack of clear thinking on the part of the people of this country about democracy. The military training of young men on relief is bound to be but a first ·top to the military training of all citizens and to such conscription of labor as is now being forced upon th. English. Yet here is what the man who drew up the orders for the conduct of the armies in the Civil War, Francis Lieber, no pacifist certainly, said about military training for democratic citizens: "A nation of freemen stands in need of a pervading spirit of obedience to the laws; an army teaches and must teach a spirit of prompt obedience to orders. Habits of obedience and of contempt for the citizen arc produced, and a view of government is induced which is contrary to liberty, self-reliance, self-government. Command ought to rule in an army; self-development of law and self-sustaining order ought to pervade a free people." At the close of the World War the War Department tried to force universal military training upon this country. It has never ceased to move in that direction. An enormous armament program would be a big step toward compulsory military service. America must be on its guard--and at this next session of Congress. Two programs will be offered--one, giant increase in armaments, more power to the President over foreign affairs, a mobilization bill. This is not a program of peace or of democracy. The other--a referendum to the, people on war, a stronger neutrality law, an embargo on export of arms--the^c point away from war and put greator power in the hands of the people. LIMA--AND BEYOND Those familiar with the background of Pan Americanism and the record of the seven Pan American Conferences which preceded that at Lima will write 1938 clearly' in the credit column of the Western Hemisphere's political account-book. Thorough analysis of the problems and achievements attaching to the meeting in Peru's capital will run into thousands of words in the near future. Now, with the ink of signatures representing twenty-one nations hardly dry on the documents, one notes that the Declaration of Lima and the Declaration of American Principles contain not only implications for the future but a recognition of actualities of 'the present which give concrete meaning to Pan American relationships. It has been observed that Lima, though in the Western Hemisphere, was never, during the days of the Conference very far from Munich. The references in the preamble to thi; Declaration of Lima against racial and religious intolerance was significant for its inter-hemisphere implications. The expression of repugnance to doctrines which are openly adhered to in the totalitarian states of Europe gave a specific direction to the declaration of American solidarity. This development must have bern as closely in line with Mr. Hull's hopes as was the adoption by the conference of his eight points for world peace which are henceforth to be known as the Declaration of American Principles, and which include recognition by all the American nations of the economic fundamentals which must underlie present-day peace-making. Conferences -- even those", we now should know, which produce treaties--never can close the door on the future. Lima has cut n j narrow groove in which alone the development of American relations must run. It has simply widened the road of opportunity on which all the Americas may march · together. That Mr. Hull leaves the Conference with his prestig^ high among Latin Americans is important to the United States. It is true that one of the lessons of Lima was that Latin Americana still look at North American armaments from the muzzle end, and that of all proposals to achieve Pan American solidarity over-whelming armament in the hands of an; one power is one of the weaker arguments. Yet signs of distrust of the big northern neighbor were happily confined almost entirely to proposals for a continental defense whose definition could not yet be clear. Only those who do not know the long road already covered in the approach to inter-American understanding can be in any mentionable measure disappointed with Lima--those, and the pessimists and professional propagandizes of pessimism who were really expresisng the hopes of some European states for a collapse of the conference. Others will write down Lima as a worthy successor to Montivideo and look forward to continuing the trend of the two conferences when all America meets agam. --Christian Science Monitor. respondents Alsop and Kintnor write, "The highly -involved form of tin- Chinese credit all but obscures thc vital fact that it will brinp de-perutc- ly needed supplies to the tatten-:! armies of Chiang- Kai-Shek. But, however complex the method, supplying the Chinese patriots is an assault on thc invading Japanese. There Ls a moral issue in all this-our government definitely dislikes th? dictators, and various surveys have shown the American people to be almost solidly behind the tion in ite attack on totalitarian states and methods. At the same time, there is also a very practical, dollars- and-ccnts issue involved in our giving support to China, as well as in our trying to regain lost South American business. At thc beginning 1 of thc undeclared Sino-Japanesc war, the representatives of the aggressive little Eastern empire were extremely vocal in assuring interested foir-ign powers that, whatever came to pans the traditional "open door" theory of China trade would be maintained. Since then, muck has happened--notably thc creation of the Romc-Bcrlin- Tokyo axis, which makes Japan an ally of Germany and Italy, both in commerce and in potential war. And Japan has gradually chanced hei tune in talking to us, thc French and the British. In Japanese-seized China ports and commercial centers, U. S, French and English businessmen arc being politely but ruthlessly :-qucczcd out. And a few months ago came an o f f i c i a l Nipponese announcement which, though it was framed in the careful diplomatic language in which the Japanese statesmen excel, made it perfectly clear that the "open door' policy was to be much modified--even to the extent that the Chinese trade of other powers would be stopped, or subjected to ruinous economic bur dens, if the government of the Son oJ Heaven so desires. Thus a Japanese victory in China would mean, in all probability, thr loss of hundreds of millions of dollars in trade to American industry-and, at the same time, would immensely increase the econoinic resources of an empire which our military leaders view an a potential enemy in a Pacific war. The Chinese armies have been steadily losing, due in large part to lack of money and supplies, and it seems inevitable that an ultimate Japanese victory L; a certainty unless Chiang Kai-Shek is given what he needs. Thc Treasury credit is apparently designed to help him solve that vital problem. The new international technique is to fight ware with the weapon of trade, before resorting to the weapons of physical violence. And it seems that thc relentless press of events ha; at last forced us to adopt that course of action, if only to a limited extent, as yet. that Mexico wants to make it a matter of constant agitation during the time that will elapse between the present and the next conference. It is reasonable to i-xprct, therefore, that the clouds of confiscation throughout Latin-America have not been dissipated by the Limn Conference, and the problem will arise in '.he future to han-ass us until we take definite action in Mexico to stop confiscation and compel the restoration of property seized by that Government. " Apparently what is happening in Mexico follows about the rainn course as that which happened in Germany. It is of recent history ttiat Germany was bankrupt, and was financed and built up by British loans. Mexico is being built up on silver purchases. Meanwhile she js using American oils that she confiscated last March in bartering with Germany; she is playing fast and loose in commerce and political sympathies with Communists and Nazis, and cultivating trade and friendly relations with Japan. Those being the facts what's to prevent Mexico from developing into a formidable enemy in the advance- cnEENSBono Mr. Abraham Gottwnls, of Mil- k-rsville, Md., spent the holidays with his father, George Gottwul-, near town. Dr. Walter Bradley ha.; rcturnpd home uftei -.pending the Christmas holiday with iii'i parents, in Michigan. Mr. iind Mrs. Kenneth Bo..-tic, of Chester, sp'jni Sunday with Mr. and Mrs, William Sipple and family. Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert Bryon, of Dover, spent the week-end with Mr. Oliver Murker and family. Miss Ruth Cooper, of Bear Station, Del., is spending the woek with her aum, Mrs. M. B. Cooper. Harry and Harold tiottwals were visitors with their sister, near Camden, Del., last Saturday. Mr. and Mrs. Carl Nichols spent Monday with Mr. and Mrs. Henry Shultie, at Henderson. Mr. and Mrs. Hnrry Anthony and daughter, JI.-irgarL-t, spent the holidays near Wilmington. Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Jarman spent the Christmas holidays with friends in Washington. Dr. and Mrs. P. D. Ross, of -Gas- ment of European isms throughout tonia, N. C., are visiting friends here Latin-America while being financed this week. by the United States--just as Gcr- Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Wyatt visited ninny has become a military menace relative? in Dover, Del., Sunday and to England after having been financed by the British? Monday. Miss Eleanor Taylor spent Thurs- SMITHVILLE The United States is being forced' day in Philadelphia, into a position where either it must stop Mexico or suffer irreparable damages in prestige. It would not be surprising if we heard more about this problem from Secretary of State Mrs. Agna; Breeding very pleasantly entertained her Sunday School Hull when he returns with the dele-! class at the Smithville Community gation that accompanied him to Limn, j House on Friday evening, December --J. E. J. 23. The evening was spent playing - .«-.-·»-. many enjoyable games and the sing- MARYDEFj in °f Christina? Carols. Many useful gifts were exchanged among the Reindeers Are Guided by Cord Attached to Horns Reindeer are trained to be driven at 3 to 5 years of age. They are guided by a leather, cord drawn tightly at the base of the horns. The harness consists of a collar and a single trace leading from the collar downward between the animal's legs to the pulka, so far back that it is out of reach of kicks. Bulls ore worked until they are 15 or 16 years Qld, and they are probably at their best at 10 years, writes Mason Warner in the Chicago Tribune. To stop a reindeer, throw the rein to the left; to speed him, throw it to the right. The rein hangs loosely but docs not touch the snow. The pulka is guided by a stick used as a rudder. In early winter a man will travel a hundred miles in a day with a reinbull, going to or coming from church. The deer slow down in the spring after a hard winter. They become thin and poor, weak and puny, after pawing and digging down through snows three to four feet deep for lichen moss for food. A native family can live comfortably with a herd of 200 reindeer. Some have more; some have less. Reindeer culture is limited to Lapps in Sweden; no Swedes can invest in it. The state is against any ownership except that of the Lapps, and the law prevents anybody except a Lapp from grazing deer on public lands. The mountaineers refuse tc lend the herds for anybody not of their race, but it was four Lapps from the Tome Trask region who took the first reindeer into Alaska and taught the Yukon Indians how to care for them. Twenty=Five Years Ago Taken Fran The Journal ot 25 Y*arn ABO Thle Week. member him. Here in Denton he had many friends, as in many other places he visited for many years. SLATS' DIARY BY OLIVER N. WARREN Mr. Mclvin Pepper, son of Mr. George Pepper, Tuckahoe Neck, has been appointed keeper of Tuckahoe Bridge, at a salary of $180 a year, of which sum Talbot pays $120, Caroline paying the balance. Reports have been received of porkers recently killed, near Brown - villc, by Greenly Brown, two 012 and 030; John Coss three, -188, -180 and 300; R. II. Wyatt, four, .'180, 3G5, 3C5 and !M5; Wm. Hardesty, one, 75. The Alumni Association of the Caroline High School will banquet next Monday night at the Brick Hotel. Plates ?1.00 each. All who will attend ore requi sled to notify at once Harold C. Nutlle, president of the association. Another horrible murder ha: been reported in Kent county, Maryland, rivaling in character that of Dr. Hill Sunday: I just got a extry happy thot about next Sunday and sevral other fine days that will a r i v e along about that same day. All of same will be the Christmas liolli- days and I am an- tisepating having xelant time ncom- panycd by mi-bby same pro-cnts. But I dout if I disserve same on acct. of being sch a ofna good kid. Monday: T h e class got to talking about sosietty matters and the tcccher ast Jake do he think it arc rong to go out with a girl and not spend no money. Jake roplidc and sed he doesnt no wether it are rong or not -- _ i ·"" U V W . i l l b I J W n ^ b l . l \ - l J.L Ul W I V 1 I K *Jl IIVI I. years ago. Mr. James R Cok-man a ; but d(JCS no .,. are cxtremcly . diffecult farmer, driving horns fioni, a sa! B ,| The tecchej . ch d the ..^.^ ^ was at night waylaid, robbed, and wjtch j hoped ^ woo(|dcnt murdered ,n his carnage, the team Thig e Miss Dorothy Shultie was given a surprise party at the homo of her grundparentn, Mr. and Mrs. John members of the class. Those who attended were: Misses Hilda Pritchett, Anna Mae Clevenger, Frances Kreig- --oOo-- The recent annual Congress of the National Ai-.sociation of Manufacturers--representative organization of America's Gradc-A/service and manufacturing industries--was principally publicised because of Anthony Eden's address on democracy and world affairs. But other addresses made there by business leaders were notable, not only for what they said, but for the very moderate tone they took toward governmental-industrial differences and problems. In the words of Time, "N. A. M. was obviously sincere in ... iti- belief that it is now meeting: the New Deal and Labor at least half-way." Almost a.11 of the speakers urged conciliation. Typical expression of opinion came from the Association's retiring president, Charles R. Hook, when he said, "I believe in all sincerity that our activities during the past year have brought industry and Government substantially closer to mutual understanding, respect and cooperation." ECONOMIC HIGHLIGHTS The United States gvoernment-- unless there is unlooked-for opposition in the forthcoming Congress-has started to fight the dictator np tions with their own weapons of government-subsidized trade and financial credits to needy friendly nations. That, in the view of political experts, is the only deduction that can be made from two remarkable events which occurred during the week ending December 17th. First, in a cautiously worded announcement, Secretary Morgenthau said that the Treasury was studying a plan to use Federal funds to help finance trade with South America. Coming on the heels of the Lima conference, in which the American delegates tried, with moderate success, to cement cracked Pan-American relations, the meaning of this is apparent. We have been steadily losing ground in South America. Germany, with her blocked-mark barter system, has been steadily gaining, as has Italy to a lesser degree. With foreign trade in its present state of doldrums, private capital is not in any position to fight a trade war in which the "enemy" has behind it the resources of a powerful government. Therefore, it is argued, this government must help American business in a way very similar to the way the Fascist and Nazi governments help their businesses. Second, there was announced an extremely complicated plan which will give the hardprassed Chinese national government a sizable U. S. Treasury credit. As Washington cor- Stafforil, on' Wednesday evening, De- cr, Hazel Thomas, Margaret William- cumber 14, in honor of her birthday, son, Clevonger, Betty Beau- ThcKe present were her mother, Mrs. Naomi Shultie, and Mr. John Powell, of Wilmington; Mr. and Mrs. Howard Schweitzer and daughter, Betty Lou, of Hartly; Mr. and Mrs. Wallace Stafford and Mrs. Harry Seeney, of town. Mr. and Mrs. Ama; Wyatt and laughter, Doris Anne, spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. William Cahall, near Cecilton. Miss Margaret Starkey, of Dover, spending some time with her grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Saltmun. Mrs. Maude Schweitzer and daughter, Betty Lou, of Hartly, visited Mr. and Mrs. John Stafford on Sunday. Miss Evelyn Ford, who is attending college at Harrisonburg, Va., is home for the Christmas holidays. Mrs. Edith Moore and daughter, Doris, of Dover, spent the week-end with Mr. and Mrs. Henry Davis. Master Edward West spent the week-end with his grandmother, Mr?. Mary Daly, of Hartly. We arc glad to report that Mrs. Herbert Butts is able to be out again. f Mrs. Elizabeth Coheo is spending this week in Wilmington. Master Leroy Harmon ir, on thc sick list. WERE THE CARDS STACKED? If the Untied States stops thc machinery of international law in dealing with major Latin-American affairs as proposed by the Lima Conference it will mean a long waiting period for a special report from n Commission of Experts on International Law and the Permanent Codification Commission to the next Pan- American Conference. Under sucb circumstances the so-called Good Neighbor Policy would automatically become a one-way street with everything going out and nothing coming in until the next Pan-American Conference convenes, five years from now. The proposals of Mexico and Argentina provided (1): waiving of diplomatic intervention, (2): dicontin- uance of use of force to protect foreign investments, (3): obligation of citizens 'of one country engaged in business in another country of Latin- America to become nationalized. These three proposals would render ineffective the efforts of our United States State Department to protect American property rights in Latin- America. Settlements for confiscation of farming lands owned by American citizens was recently agreed to by Mexico. In order to avoid further proceedings by the United States the governments of Argentina und Mexico stacked the cards at Lima to substitute municipal laws for international law. Conceivably many Latin-American courts could not be counted upon to render impartial justice in the case of seizures dictated by the ruling powers and therefore the last vestige of protection of American property rights in Latin-American countries would be destroyed by the acceptance of these dangerous doctrines. However, failure to fight this important principle out once and for all means that the issue now will be made a political one in Latin-American countries. Undoubtedly several of them will join together and resist the United States in its earnest desire to protect legitimate investments abroad. In other words, the shelving of thc problem does not solve the basic question in any way, shape or form. The New York Times dispatch, in commenting on the speech of Ambassador Castillo Najera of Mexico, made after thc matter was referred to the commission, indicates that he is now advocating the appointment of a special commission to study this whole matter. This would indicate A D A M S CROSS ROADS Mr. and Mrs. Carl Robinson and daughter were entertained at a turkey dinner on Monday at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Robinson. Mr. and Mrs. Dawson Hubbard were also present. Misses Minnie and Altha Adams, Mr. Charles; Doyle, of Wilmington, spent Christmas Eve and Christmas Day with their sisters. Miss Minnie remained until Monday evening. Mr. and Mrs. Edward Brown and Miss Grace Adams; of Atlantic City, N. J., spent Sunday and Monday with relatives at Denton, Bridgevillc, and Harrington, Del. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Fountain and son, Bobby, and Mr. and Mrs. Herman Fountain, of Philadelphia, spent Christmas day with his parents. Miss Virginia Horsey, who is attending Goldey's College in Wilmington, is spending the Christmas holidays with her parents here. Mr. and Mrs. Chester Scott were callers at the home of C. W. Adams and J. M. Adams on Tuesday afternoon. Mrs. Ira Adams entertained at a 4 o'clock turkey dinner on Sunday at the home -of C. W. Adams and family. Mr. and Mre. Clarence Hig'nutt entertained her sisters and their fam- lies at a Christmas dinner Sunday. C. W. Adams and George Wheat- Icy visited in Wilmington Friday. QUEEN ANNE Thc oyster truck of Mr. William Rice was in collision with a truck on Kent Island on Wednesday of last week, in which Mr. Rice's truck was demolished. Several of the men on the other truck were bumped and bruised somewhat, but no one waa seriously hurt, fortunately. Mr. Donald Flowers, of Penn's Grove, N. J., and Miss Eleanor Flowers, of Washington, spent the holidays with their parents, Mr. and Mre. Howard P. Flowers. Mr. and Mrs. James Moore and Mr. Oliver Neavitt, of Baltimore, were recent guests of Mr. and Mrs. Alvan Neavitt. Mr. and Mrs. Chester Bar to, of Takoma Park, D. C., spent the holidays with Mr. and Mrs. Henry Morgan. Mr. S. H. Reynolds is quite ill at his home. His friends are hoping soon to learn of hi? complete recovery. Rev. and Mrs. J. M. York were guests of relatives in Wa?hington on Monday. Mr. and Mrs. Harry Rutter were Christmas guests of out-of-town relatives. Mr. James Nelson spent the Christmas holidays in New York City. Gems of Thought The spiritual power behind one is always greater than the material task before one.--Anon. Grass, by heavy heel downtrodden, only rises again, new, fragrant. --Anon. champ, Beatrice Closson, Virginia and Emily Anne Wright; Mcssrc. Paul Horsey,. Eugene Wright, Walter and Earl Breeding and Mn:-. Sallie Nabl. At a late hour refreshments of candy, cakes, and oranges were served. After a pleasant evening the guests departed wishing each other a Merry Christmas. AFTERMATH After the roar of the cannon ceased And the bugle was heard no more, In thankfulness men breathed u sigh And turned from the field where their comrades lie Homeward, some to a distant i;hore. But how soon did thc glamor fade away And the honor and glorv wane! Too often forgot, is thc white draped cot Which tells of a victory so dearly bought Where the scars of the war remain. Twenty years have taken a grievous toll. Threatening clouds loom in the sky; May the dove of peace with her wide spread wings And the hope that in every true heart springs Give us faith which will not die. ALICE PARKER ILES. wending its way homeward with thc j Ma se(J she djddcnt haye ^ ^ body in tha carnage. Detectives ex-^ so ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ pcct to locate the perpetrators of the , ]issen t(j thc ^ ^ ^ pfl crime. Five negroes are in jail. I he and scd # he were . fayor A very beautiful wedding tooK of ^ so OR ag th wag place Wednesday, hi B h noon, at the buttcns offcn his ^^ MQ ^ MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS Mr. and Mrs. Randall Knox, Mr. W. D. Scott and Mrs. Jennie Elben, of Harrington; Mrs. Douglas Flcetwood and Mr. and Mrs. Rolen Blades were guests of Mr. and Mrs. Cooper Elben on Wednesday. Mr. and Mrs. Seldon C. Waiters, of Philadelphia, i-pent the holidays with Mrs. Watters' mother, Mrs. Fannie Shields. For Sale--3-piece living room suite, practically new, at bargain prfce. Apply at Journal Office, Denton, Md. Elects President Each Year In Switzerland each year the national assembly elects a member of the federal council to serve as president. He is ineligible for a consecutive term. Ignorance as an Excuse "Ignorance of the law/' said Hi Ho, the sage of Chinatown, "is no excuse. Outside the law, ignorance is made an excuse for almost anything." Anthracite Mine Fires Fires in anthracite mines result on occasion from the accumulated heat of reactions which originally occur al fairly low temperatures. Too Much Imagination "De man dat thinks he knows mo* dan anybody else," said Uncle Eben, "mos 1 generally has mo' imagination dan information." Sunspots Recur Each 11 Tears Scientists have figured the sunspot maxima. Spots have recurred about every eleven years since their discovery by Galileo. Life of the Guinea Pig Thc average life of the guinea pig is between four and five years, and the maximum is probably about seven years. Wild Wheat on Steppes of Asia The first grains of wheat grew wild on the steppes of Asia thousands of years ago. Pilot Fisb Friend of Shark The pilot fish is the one and only faithful friend of the shark, most feared monster of the deep. The pilot fish, a handsome little fellow of blue and gold, swims in perfect safety in front of the shark's terrible snout and guides the killer to its prey. As a reward he obtains scraps of food and Is said to feed also on parasites which infest the shark's skin. District of Columbia Flower The American beauty rose is the official flower of the District of Columbia. ' Hades, Greek Name Hades was the Greek name for the underworld and for its ruler. Average Person's Steps The average person walks 18,098 steps or 7% miles a day. Throgmorton, Busy London Street Throgmorton street in London corresponds to New York's Wall street. Organ First to Use Keyboard The first instrument provided with · keyboard; was the organ. Name Priscilla Derived From Latin Clan Title The name Priscilla has the curious meaning "the ancient." It is said to be derived from the title of a Latin clan, so called because of itt great antiquity, and indicates long life for its bearer, writes Florence A. Cowles in the Cleveland Plain Dealer. In the eighteenth chapter of Acts we read that Paul, while in Corinth, made his home with Aquila, a Jew, and his wife Priscilla, who were tentmakers. In II Tim. 4:19 Paul writes "Salute Prisca and Aquila." My Bible says that the two were the same woman and that Priscilla is a diminutive of Prisca, "ancient." If this is the fact, then Priscilla would mean "little old lady." But from the fact of Paul's using Prisca in this way it would seem that that might be the apostle's affectionately familiar nickname for Priscilla, the true form of the name. St. Priscilla, wife of a Roman senator, used her wealth to relieve the poor and in the first century caused to be excavated the famous cemetery which bears her name and is on what was once her property. To us, Priscilla means primarily Priscilla Mullens, Puritan maiden and heroine of Longfellow's "Courtship of Miles Standish," who married John Alden instead of the doughty soldier. Constitution and By-Laws A constitution is defined as the organic law of any organized body or association of persons. A by-law is defined as a rule or law adopted by an association, corporation or the like, for its government in the conduct of its own affairs, subordinate to its constitution or charter. Robert's Rules of Order says that an incorporated society frequently has no constitution, the charter taking its place, and many others prefer to combine under one head the rules that are more commonly placed under the separate heads of constitution and by-laws. The same authority says that the rules of a society, in a majority of cases, may be conveniently divided unto the four classes of constitution, by-laws, rules of order, and standing rules, though in some societies all the rules are found under one of these heads, being called either the constitution, or the by-laws, or the standing rules. Site of Mexico City Mexico City owes its site to the Aztecs. Like ancient Troy, it was built one city on top of another, and historians believe that Indian temples exist in the subsoil there, having sunk gradually into the earth because of their great weight. The old time city was a watery kingdom. Its valley was made up of a series of large lakes, and the city itself was founded on an island in the lake of Texcoco. It had an elaborate system of canals and dikes. Some of its houses were built on stilts in the water, and waterways connected it with various parts of the valley. When Spaniards conquered Mexico City, they demolished most of the relics of the Aztec civilization. Reconstructing Skeletons Every museum has a staff of scientists who specialize in reconstructing animal skeletons. Many work only on ancient remains, but all had to learn with bones of modern animals. Qften they work foi years on a single dinosaur or prehistoric etpphant. However, by reconstructing a whole group of plants and animals, says the Washington Post, they can show what kind of land the animals lived in, whether it contained any forests, swamps hills or oceans. ^Plough deep and you will have plenty of corn." JANUARY 1--Parcel post system estab- llshed in the United States. 19ia 2--Georgia ratified [he constitution o! the United States. 1768. 3--"Ufo," tha humor magazine, was first Issued 1883 4--The lust radio chain broadcast was made. 1921 5--Capt Dreyfus degraded and sent to Devil's Island. 1695. S--George Washington and Martha Custis were married. I7S9. 7--The English losl the dry oi Calais, isea .«» lome of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Saul=- b she takcn jn bury near Fcdernlsburg, when their | We(]nesd j ca ,, cd on Jane daughter Miss Edna became t h e , . and , rc . bride of Mr. Collins, of Con- j Janes Pop st t ,,, and ged Wft cord. To the strains of Lohengrin, cf-1 Uo kmw t j ' fectivcly rendered by Miss Pauline L one Jane ^ J£V Goalee, a friend of the bnde, the b r i d - j anj ok f , * rf fay al party entered the drawmg-room , wgre ^ ^ Jane ^ ^ where, beneath an arch of evergreen, they were united by the Rev. J. A. Hudson. Thc bride was beautifully attired in blue mcssaline, which was changed for a traveling suit of dark blue, with hat to match. Following a buffet luncheon the happy couple motored to Federalsburg for a tour of Northern cities. Upon their return they will reside near Concord. Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Norris announce the approaching marriage of their daughter, Mis.; Mamie Carroll, to Mr. William T. Cannon, the ceremony to take place at home on Wednesday evening, January 7. Mr. and Mrs. Earle Rochester, of Baltimore; Dr. J. R. Rochester and Mr. J. A. Rochester, of Philadelphia, spent Christmas with their mother, Mrs. Annie A. Rochester. Mrs. J. Frank Booth, who has recovered from her recent eevere illness, after spending some time with her parents here, has returned to Chevy Chase. Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Field and Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Field, of Philadelphia, were Christmas visitors of their parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Field. Former County Commissioner Wesley Jarrell was on Tuesday appointed postmaster of Green=boro to succeed postmaster William B. Massey. The salary of this position is $1,200, but the business of the office is increasing steadily and thc compensation is likely to be raised. Mr. Jarrell removed to Greensboro from his farm several years ago. The monthly business meeting of the Hickman Epworth League was held at thc home of Mr. and Mrs. George Wilson, who cntrtained thc following: Mr. and Mrs. John Stevens, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Wroten, Mr. and Mrs. James Morgan, Mr. and Mrs. Judson Ramsdcll, Mr. and Mrs. El- did. Thun-day: This are the last day of school before Christmas but Blisters mannidged to pull 1 more boner, For when the teecher Bed his night work looked like his Pop's riteing he replide Well he guest that were becoa be used his Pops fownten pen. Friday: I got 2 bits on my Christmas allowance and offered Blisters a nickel of it to pay what I borrowed the forth of July. He sed Keep it. It are worth moren that to change my opinion of you he sed. So I did. Ah I dont care what he thinks about me. Not 5fc worth. Saturday: We drove to the country in the car and seen a sign that sed Eggs for Sale.. We stopt and Pa told thc man to give us a doz. and sed. Are they fresh. Why they are so fresh sed the man that the hen has- scnt had time to finich laying a full doz. Pa sed that are fresh enuff for cnncy boddiei And paid for the 2 that isscnt layed yet GREENSBORO Dr. and Mrs. Frederick Dove and son, Frederick Jr., and daughter, Barbara Lee, were holiday visitors with Mrs. Dove's mother, Mrs. L. R. Brumbaugh, and Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Brumbaugh. Mr. and Mrs. Wilbur Carroll spent the holidays in Marcus Hook, Fa. Mr. and Mrs. Carroll entertained on Tuesday Mr. and Mrs. Roland Fisher and son, from Marcus Hook, Pa, Mr. and Mre. Lester Carroll and daughters, Fay and Norms Lee; Miss Ernestine Carroll and Davis Bishop spent Monday with Mr. and Mrs. John Carroll, at Hillsboro. Oscar Bernard, former postmaster, was taken suddenly ill at his home juoson ttamsacii, air. ana Mrs. ni- here on christnmg Day . On Monday wood Wroten, Mr and Mrs Frank L , wfls removed to thc Kent General Stuart, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Fountain, Mr. and Mrs. Clem Meluney, Mr. George Noble, Mrs. Bertie Hardesty, Mrs. Lillie Cahall, Mrs. Vcnnic Smith, Mrs. Stella Reynolds, Misses Mollie Cleaves, Minnie Hughes, Margaret Carroll, Florence Noble, Virginia Lyons, Emma Bullock, May Cahall, Violet Mcssick, Florence Morgan, Rev. M. Marine, Messrs. Walton Owens, Leo Curtiss, Frank Wright, Ernest Wright, Edgar Wroten, William Ross. At the annual Christmas dance in Masonic Hall lost night the attendance from thc county and outside points was, as usual, large and the event was brilliant and enjoyable. Mistletoe and holly were prominent in the decorations which transformed the hall into a scene of beauty. A sumptuous buffet luncheon served at midnight. The patronesses were Mrs. T. Alan Goldsborough, Mrs. William H. Anderson, Mrs. Harvey L. Cooper, Mrs. J. Dukes Downes, Mrs. Thomas R, Green, Mrs. J. Howard Pastorfield, Mrs. Alda P. Whitby, Mrs. Frederic N. Nichols, Mrs. George A. Deakyne, Mrs. P. Roland Fisher, Mrs. J. Kemp Stevens. Forming the committee of arrangement.? for the dance were Messrs. T. Alan Goldsborough, J. Dukes Downes, William H. Anderson, Harvey L. Cooper, George C. Skirven, J. Howard Pastorfield, Drs. Dawson O. George, Frederic N. Nichols and P. Roland Fisher. Mrs. Robert N. Pippin was burned to death Itkit Monday night at her home at Clayton, as a result of falling downstairs with a lamp in hoi- hand. Her husband is a Pennsylvania Railroad engineer, and formerly lived in the First district of Caroline County. She was about fifty years old. Writing of the accident, a correspondent eays: "No one saw thc occurrence and it is supposed that Mrs. Pippin, who was subject to fainting spells, had attempted to go down stairs, when she was seized, and that the lamp fell and set fire to her clothing as well as to the carpet around her. Shc evidently beat out the fire on thc carpet before she lost consciousness, thus saving the house. A neighbor heard her moans and hastened into thc house, finding- her burned almost to a crisp. Harry Woodall, a veteran actor, known on the stage for 65 years as Harry Lindley, died recently in a hospital at Suffolk, Va., after a brief illness at the age of 75 years. He played in nearly every country in the world. Up to a few days ago he was a member of thc Lindley Stock Company, tn 18G1 he was stage manager for Edwin Booth. He also managed Denman Thompson's Old Homestead, and in 1869 ployed with James O'Neil. Mr. Lindley was a comedian whoi;e fun was irresistible. Thousands will re- |he Hospital, Dover. Mr. and Mrs. George Draper and children, of Chester, Pa., were visitors on Monday of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Usilton, and Mr. and Mrs. Norman Usilton. Mr. and Mrs. Norman Usilton entertained on Christmas Day Mr. and Mrs. Frank Ucilton and children, of Greensboro, and Mrs. Elwood Moore, of Ingleside. Miss Emma Edwards, of Sandtown, Del.; Miss Vivina Kurd, of Mt. Olive, and Miss Anne Hutson, of Claymont, Del. are visiting Mrs. Annie Edwards and family. Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Wheatman and sons, Marvin and Bobbie, of Denton, were dinner guests on Sunday of Mr. and Mrs. W. Thomas Thornton. Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Kinnamon and daughter, Miss Ruthanna, of Marcus Hook, Pa., spent the holidays with Mrs. Ida Clark and family. Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Sipple and little daughter, Joan, were Sunday visitors of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Whitby, of Queen Anne. Harry Russell, of Atlantic City, has returned home after spending several days with his parents, Mr. and .Mrs. R. E. Russell. Mrs. Harvey Porter und Miss Mary Katherine Porter entertained at bridge Wednesday afternoon at the home of Miss Porter. Mr. and Mrs. George Kibler and little daughter, of Dayton, Ohio, spent the Christmas holidays with their parents here. Cyrus Stufft and Miss Viola Clark, of Philadelphia, £pent the Christmns holiday with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Stufft. Mr. and Mrs. Harry Clark have returned home after spendng the Christmas holidays with relatives near Washington. Dawson Gruwell and friend, of Wilmington, spent the Christmas holiday with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Watson Gruwell. Mr. and Mrs. William Roe, of Philadelphia, spent the Christmas holidays with Mr. James Roe and sfeter, Miss Virginia. Miss Mary Thawley, of Swarthmore, Pa., is spending the Christmas vacation with her mother, Mrs. Susan Thawley. Mrs. J. H. Jordan and Misa Anna Wieneke, of Baltimore, spent the holidays with Mr. and Mrs. Charles Wieneke. Miss Dorothy Swann, of Wilmington, spent the Christmas holidays with her mother, Mrs. Georgia Swann. Mws Carrie Hobbs, of Baltimore, spent the Christmas holidays with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Butt Ilobbs. Mns. Elva Pippin is spending a few- days this week in Denton.' INEWSPAPERif INEWSPAPERif

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