Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on February 19, 1941 · Page 1
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 1

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Wednesday, February 19, 1941
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Better Homes-Better Foods Show Will Open N A GROWS $81,509,300.00 fJ57,996.073.00 l934-flTSZ3.292.150.qO 51st Year, No. 277, Phoenix, Arizona UBLIC Today 112 M/ CENTRAL AVB. ? TELEPHONE 3-1111 Wednesday Morning, February 19,19|t ARMY LANDS AT SINGAPORE U. S. Moves Toward War Basis Stricter Economy Forecast Costs Of Army Construction Soar \V7ASHINGTON, Feb. 18— W (UP)—A series of seemingly unrelated events pointed tonight to the possibility that the United States soon may be placed on a strict war economy basis in order to speed domestic rearmament and aid to Britain. The incidents involved such diversified personalities and organizations as Jesse Jones, secretary of commerce; Wayne Chatfield Taylor, undersecretary of commerce; the army; the agriculture department; Leon Henderson, defense commissioner; and Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt. Developments included: 1. Jones lold the house banking committee the United States is "in th- war. at least we're nearly in the war; we're preparing for it." Caution Asked 2. Taylor urged the Temporary National Committee to refrain from making any recommendations which would slow the defense drive. After peace is restored to the world, he said, conditions should be re- viewod anew; but in times of stress "«e can and we must put aside our pet theories." Most observers had expected the group to recommend sweeping revision of antimonopoly end other laws. 3. Agriculture department officials started a survey to determine Mat fond supplies 'could be sent abroad in event President Roose- veil decides In make the United Si at PS thp larflcr, as well as the trsenal, nf democracies. Costs Exceed Estimates 4. Tho army was revealed to have Inld congress its construction wls arr running 50 per cent above original estimates. It ascribed the fitiifllion tn hasty planning and rising material and labor prices, Steps are being taken in all in- Hancc? and the situation is being "brought into line," it added. 5. Henderson, director of the defuse commission's price stabilization division, yesterday proclaimed maximum prices for used machine tools and assailed profiteering in ni such articles. He warned Jesse Jones Says U. S. Is 7n War \Y/ ASHrN GTON, Feb. 18— W (AP)—Jesse Jones told a congressional committee today that "we're nearly in the war," but immediately had the! remark stricken from the record.! President Roosevelt commented! later that it did not mean anything. The secretary of commerce and federal loan administrator was discussing a defense housing bill before the house banking, committee when he said: "We're in the war; at least we're nearly in the war. We're preparing for it; when you do that, you've got to throw money away." At his direction the official stenographer crossed out the remarks, but Jones made no request that newspaper reporters refrain from quoting him. The matter was raised at Mr. Roosevelt's press conference, and the President termed the statement a lot of words that did not mean anything. He added that his comment applied not particularly to Jones but to the press or anyone else who made similar expressions. Aid Plan Is Blasted In Senate Greeks Gain New Positions Poli Dictatorship Fears Told \V7ASfflNGTON, Feb. 18— W (UP)—Senate Republicans today publicly rebuked Wendell L. Willkie for supporting the British aid bill, which they said would make President Roosevelt the "dictator" of 'bat the maximum-price order was the forerunner of similar steps in other industries which have at- 1'mptPd to. make exorbitant profits from the preparedness drive, Musi Do Without • Mr?. Roosevelt, regarded genially as wielding strong behind- the-scenes influence and as know- in' frequently what the administra- [ l( "i is contemplating, suggested to IB ' Home Defense Plan Is Given Consideration Federal Program To Be Ready In Few Weeks WASHINGTON, Feb. 18-dNS) President Roosevelt promised this afternoon that in a few weeks the administration will he ready to make public a plan whereby those over the selective service age may best and most efficiently serve the national defense in their respective communities. The President entered into a rather lengthy philosophical discussion on this problem at his press conference as a result of an open letter written to him by a Cleveland man who had served in the marine corps during the World War. . . . This man was wondering .what he and others in his age group could do lo serve their country. Defense Setup Improved The President said the time had not come-and he hoped it wouW not-when the government wou Id have to take any considerable number of people from their regular jobs for national defense service, At present, he.said, the necessary increase in the defense setup is proceeding in a normal way, Citing several instances Mr Roosevelt told of a 52-year-old A THENS, Greece, Feb. 18 f\ (AP) — Greek shock troops advanced along the Central Albanian battle sector i _ . today, occupying Italian forti- yy g g *'ilhoul many articles such as new Mrs and aluminum kitchen Utensils. She pointed out that plants making these articles are being di- t'crted to defense production. She *•'-' '• that when existing stocks are exhausted the nation probably will «K V P to do without the products. Mflvin J. Maas, Republican, Minnesota representative, today urged Jhr house rules committee to establish a special house committee to k negotiated defense contracts. i, ranking minority member of '"f house naval affairs committee, learned that "a scandal will break" Involving ihe defense .commission unless negotiated contracts are Batched carefully. . • , ' Talks With AWs The survey of food supplies was ordered after Mr. Roosevelt discussed the situation with Harry L. Hopkins, his personal emissary who "as just returned from Britain, Harold D. Smith, budget director, fi nd the secretaries of agriculture, v 'ar, navy, and the treasury. Administration leaden believe the pending British aid Nil is sufficiently broad to %T- toit shipment of food to the. British Isles, man in his home county who is ing the children to and from schoo this man was performing a usefu and necessary sen-ice, and addet that it probably was as useful and necessary service as he could con tribUt Home Defense Studied Similarly, the garage man who keeps the wheels going by dis pensing gas and oil and repairing cars is performing a useful func SS as to the girl behind the de partment store counter or tne per son encaged in baking tread. . As time goes on, Mr. Roosevel conceded, the government may have to do a little picking and choosing from peacetime indus trteto round out the national de fense. Meanwhile, however, he said a number of men and women have been studying the general prob lem of home defense for him. and something will be made publn Announces esweeper Sunk LONDON, Feb. 18-(AP)-The admiralty announced tonight the minesweeper Huntly had been sunk. craft was in command of- Lt . E. S. Cotsell, R, N. R. of kin of castlei.h8.e soon. Anti-Nazi Drive Bothers Norway STOCKHOLM, Sweden, Feb. 18- /AP)-Sevcnty high police officer . notified, t commui^ui u& ledainistration. Special lists of suspected elements hive been drawn up and Seise persons will be required to report to police several times 'Censorship inside Norway wa tightened to halt the oppositio the United States and the "No. 1 power politician of the world." Pot shots at the 1940 Republican presidential candidate were taken by Arthur H. Vandenberg. Republican, Michigan, and Gerald P. Nye, Republican, North Dakota, two of the three opposition leaders who spoke during the second day of debate on the historic measure. Willkie Scathingly Criticized Vandenberg, unsuccessful candidate for the 1940 nomination, referred to Willkie as the President's "clipper ambassador." Nye called him "that great expert on European affairs." A minority report of the senate foreign relations committee, offered by Hiram Johnson. Republi- ,can, California, who backed Will- jkie for the presidency, said his tes- mony before the committee in upport of the bill was a "one man rcus intended to influence the tizens." Other Developments Criticism of the titular leader f the Republican party was one f several developments touching n the British aid program. Oth- rs included: 1. President Roosevelt appoint- d Averill Harriman, New York inancier, as special defense "ex- editer" to handle work on the end-lease program in London, 2. Mr, Roosevelt reported that ie hoped to have administrative etails of the all-out program com- leted tentatively in 10 days or wo weeks. 3. Adml. Harold R. Stark, chief '. naval operations, indicated after While House visit that the pos fied positions nearly a mile high in two areas, a government spokesman announced tonight. Despite "desperate efforts." he added, the Italians were nowhere able to "gain an inch of ground." The spokesman declared the Italian command persisted in ordering counterattacks "with a complete disregard of the bloodshed which they entailed." He gave this summary: "In the coastal sector the Italians attempted night counterattacks which were crushed by our fire. "Farther to the east, two counterattacks were repulsed and the enemy was chased beyond his lines by our troops, who inflicted heavy losses." The spokesman cited a single Italian company as an example of recent heavy Fascist losses: two officers were killed, he said, two taken prisoners and 140 men killed or wounded, with only 25 escaping. Big Foods Be Staged Cold Watte, Snow Hit Wide Area Crack British (By Associated Press) A COLD WAVE whisked troops Meet Japan Threat (Additional War Stories, Page 4) S AIGON, French Indo-{ QINGAPORE, Feb. 18 — China, Feb. 18—(AP)— O (AP)—An Australian im- Japanese navy units in the Gulf of Siam were reported heavily reinforced today and f~\ eastward on the wings of a Dutch authority forecast land and wintry winds yesterday while sea blows at Singapore, Britain's snow blocked roads in several | far eastern Gibraltar, and at the Will Begin Monday D ibility of additional naval vessels jeing transferred to Britain is kept alive by the flow of world events. Proponents of the aid bill will hold the senate floor Wednesday, vith Tom Connally, Democrat, Texas, Lister Hill, Democrat, Ala bama, and Josiah Bailey, Democrat, ^orth Carolina, scheduled to speak, ^ead-off man for the opposition- sts today was Bennett C. Clark harp-tongued Missouri Democrat. Called Step Toward War Clark, Vandenberg and Nye con- ended that passage of the bill was mother step toward involvement of the United States in war; that he measure was not needed to keep a steady stream of war ma- Greece Gets Nazi Demand For War End British Suffer Bad Blow In Balkan Maneuvering .DELGRADE, Yugoslavia, Feb. " in-(Wednesday) - (AD Gorman war material has hc- t Rim passing into Bulgaria over Jugoslavia railways, it was reported reliably today as diplomatic circles heard accounts of redoubled German efforts to make Greece come to terms with Italy. LOUR lines of sealed railway ears' were said to have, rolled over the German- Yugoslav frontier en route to Bulgaria as a part of the agreement reached in the interview at Berchtesgaden, Germany, la.st week between Adolf Hitler and Dragisa Cvetkovic, Yugoslav premier. ZURICH, Feb. 18-(UP)-Using he "isolation" of Turkey and Rus- iia's consent as clubs, Adolf Hitler onight was reported to have demanded that Greece conclude a ''quick peace" with Italy under -hreat of turning the Greek pt-n nsula into a battleground, The British, having suffered a severe diplomatic blow in the new Turkish-Bulgarian declaration u nonaggresslon, issued a blunt wnvn ng of war to Bulgaria across whos? territory Hitler's Balkan army to ion would make Mr, Roosevelt a dictator, and that the proposa lommitted this country to a policj of policing'the world. They warned that in passing the bill congress would be authorizing the President to engage in "powe politics in a mad world"; empower iim to name aggressor nations am determine their punishment, and .0 call upon the taxpayers to bear an added burden which has not been imposed on the people in Brit sh possessions. Nye Hurls Charges Nye charged that "the House of Morgan and other agencies have seen conniving and scheming ways to sell 1 the American people on the idea that Britain was fighting our battle and that we ought a least be ready to pay part of the bill for it." Clark, who charged earlier tha Britain still has resources in the U. S., said this government doe: not want the British branch of thi Astor family to liquidate its New York holdings, but is willing to havi American taxpayers sell theii holdings for Britain's profit. ,Alben W. Berkley, Democrat, Kentucky retorted that this was not th administration's policy. The argument consumed so mud time that Nye could not finish hi speech before the senate recessed The amount of help which Brit ain now is receiving from I country provoked criticism from Nye. He alleged that Mr. Roose veil is virtually giving away th output of American plane factorie after publicly promising to kee *i least 50 per cent of the produc Uon for domestic protection. l I ETAILED plans for the Arizona Republic's 20th annual Better Homes-Better Foods Show—a yearly event that homemakers of Phoenix and the Valley of the Sun have learned to await with anticipation and welcome with enthusiasm were made public yesterday. The big show has been scheduled for presentation beginning next Monday and continuing through the ensuing Friday, February 28. Mrs. Loudon Will Conduct Coming to Phoenix again for the third consecutive year to conduct this five-day course of instruction in the art of successful homemak- injr and home management is the popular Mrs. Dorothy Ayers Loudon of Chicago. Mrs. Loudon needs no introduction to the thousands of women of this area who attended her presentations of the previous two years. But for the benefit of those who did not, it might be pointed out that she is recognized as one of the nation's foremost authorities on all phases of home economics. Her presentations are not mere coking schools—although in the ulinary art, her proficiency, ability nd knowledge are unsurpassed. Are Liberal Education They are, in fact, liberal courses if education not only in cooking ait in all other branches of home naking, from dietetics down to he garden variety of everyday storm areas. The frigid foray concentrated on the northeastern quarter of the nation. Shuddering citizens watched mercury columns sink to 31 below zero at some points in Minnesota and North Dakota. Minima of zero or below were recorded in South Dakota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois and Michigan. Subfreezing marks formed the rule farther east as the mass of arctic air bore down on the Atlantic seaboard. Forecasters predicted the - siege would hold in the 9Iid- west for at least 24 hours. New Englanders banked their fires in the expectation that subnormal temperatures would prevail for three more days. A foot of snow burdened the Houghton lake region of Michigan's lower peninsula. "The fall ranged from five to 18 inches on the upper peninsula. Choice Is Grim • Authoritative quarters in Sofia said that Germany, acting quick!', before Britain could reinforce her Balkan foothold by rushing troops to Greece from Africa, alreadv had launched conversations there, giving the Greeks a grim choice. Either Greece must agree immediately to an armistice with Italy or the German army will sweep down through Bulgaria and perhaps Yugoslavia ami occupy the country before British reinforcements can arrive, it was reported. If the rBitish army beats the Germans into Greece, the Nazis were said to have warned, Greece will become a battlefront overrun by Nazi and British armed forces Greeks Are Powerless In Berlin it was'denied that de mands "of any character" had beer served upon the hard-battling Greeks, but diplomatic circles else where believed they would bt forthcoming and tha't the Greeks faced with an ope nthreat of Ger man invasion, would be powerless Nazi quarters in Berlin said the Turkish-Bulgarian accord was a great forward step in Hitler's pro gram of "pacification of South eastern Europe" and indicated tha Yugoslavia will'be brought quickly into the German Balkan orbit, thu encircling Greece. o Ex-Slave, 118, Dies NEW YORK, Feb.- 18-(AP)Mrs. Jane. Fields, colored, wh relatives said was born into sla\ ery in South Carolina -1M" year ago, died today, lousehold problems. The big Shrine Auditorium, 15th .venue and Washington street, his year, as in the past, will be he scene of the Better Homes rent. And this year, as in the past, housands of Arizona women who ire interested in bettering their lomes and improving their home-raft knowledge, are expected to urn out for each of the five daily iessions. In her two previous appearances on the Better Homes show plat- orms, Mrs. Loudon's wide knowledge, capable handling and interesting manner of presentation of lousehold problems won the admiration of every audience. Visits Leading Cities Mrs. Loudon conducts a con Jnuous, program of homemaking schools 'ind her circuit takes her yearly into many of the nation's irincipal cities, She lias devoted practically her entire life to study and research in the field of home economics, taking up that pro- ft Ifl Jiat field she has held many post- 'ions of importance in fields o service related to dietetics and the science of modern homemak ing. The demand for her services ai homemaking schools in recen 1 years has grown to a point, a which she spends most of her time traveling from city to city to pre side over these events. Artists To Entertain Doors of the Shrine Auditorium will open daily at 1:30 p. m. Art isls from the studios of the Arl Republic-Electrical Equip ... t ,. t Company Radio Station KTAR will present sparkling pro "rams of entertainment each day between that hour and 2 p. m. During the half-hour entertainment period. Better Homes show guests may enjoy these programs and at the same time avail themselves of an opportunity to inspect-at their leisure 'the many interesting exhibits of products and articles —without which the modern home is not complete—that will be on display in the auditorium. zona merit Mrs. Loudon will open he presentations promptly at 2 p. m each day. She will conduct her program from the auditorium stage, 01 which a model kitchen, complet in every detail, will be installed. On each day's program, she wil demonstrate a dozen differen table dishes, discussing each ste in thejr preparation and startin a new dish as soon as"fne is com pleted, louse Splits On Governor's Bureau Plan 3oard Membership Request Stirs Warm Debate Additional Stories, Log, Page 3) The ARIZONA House of Rep- esentatives yesterday split wide pen on the question of making he governor an ex officio mem- er of all boards and commissions n which he already does not hold nembership by law. The measure, House Bill 113, ntroduced by John H, Rapp of ima county, H. J. Lewis of Co- hise, Robert G. Chambers of Ya- apai, and F. L. Christensen of Coconino, is a definite part of the eorganization program nsked of he legislature by Governor Os- iorn. Would Keep Advised It is designed to afford the chief xecutive a direct,means of keep- ng himself advised of the activities if all boards and commissions. In the midst of warm debate on [, the house ended its session in irder to make way for a scheduled lublic hearing on the governor's Arizona Water and Power Author' ty bill, the committee of the whole -ote for or against a "do pass" ecommendation being left until oday. Before the crackling argument was opened on the bill, the com mittee of the whole accepted from Netherlands East Indies in the "very near future." Reliable quarters said they considered that the reports of increasing concentration of Japanese warships in southern waters came from authoritative sources, but the Associated Press was unable to confirm them directly. Japan Sends Cruisers Previously three Japanese cruisers had been reported in these waters, which touch Southern Indo- China, Thailand (Siam) and the Malay peninsula. Dr. G. A. Lamsvelt, trade commissioner for the Dutch East Indies, completing an 11-day trip in South Indo-China said, "Personally, I expect a Japanese move southward in the very near future. 1 ' He said he believed the i Japanese would take possession of "some unoccupied islands south of Indo- China, use Bangkok, Thailand's capital, as an army base to strike by land along the 850-mile Malay peninsula toward Singapore and, simultaneously, move by sea toward the Indies. Indies Are Prepared "The Indies are prepared to project themselves," he said. [ Several developments point to a | consolidation of Japanese strength | in Indo-China, and today there was n unconfirmed report that a Jap- nese steamer had taken its third oad, of munitions to storage near Bangkok. During the recent Indo-China- 'hailand border warfare Japanese lanes and other supplies were re orted to have been dispatched to he Thailand forces. Japan is medi- ting that dispute. Two more truckloads of Japanese soldiers and mechanics arrived in Saigon today from the cruiser Nagaru to reinforce others who took over the air field last week without French permission. The original force of 6,000 Jap nese troops allotted by agreemen o protect Japanese air fields in Yorth Indo-China has been grad ually increased until it now num )ers more than 13,000. Reliable sources have estimatec hat 80,000 or 90,000 JapaneS' roops now are stationed on Hainan ind Formosa Islands. officio membership privilege of vote". As originally presented, the bill would have made the governor the presiding officer, with vote in event of tie among the members present. Judiciary committee members explained the amendment was of- 'ered with the approval of the chief executive, the governor's in- ent not being to acquire voting rower on boards and commissions jut merely to have access to them The house division, as evidence< by debate, interested observers particularly in that it apparently did not follow theoretical lines of so-called administratibn and anti- administration blocs. Constitutionality Challenged There was some argumen among members of the committee on judiciary itself regarding con stitutionality of the proposal. Gay nor K. Stover of Pima county fielding it in doubt, and Lorna Lpckwood of Maricopa, committe chairman, contending it would be constitutional unquestionably un der a long-established rule of law that a general enactment super sedes any special enactments. Representative Stover said would be necessary to amend everj law setting up a board or com mission which does not now in dude the governor in it. "The will of the legislature con trols," Representative Lockwooc asserted. "It is not necessary to g back and amend every law. An general law amends any specia laws. I can see no question o constitutionality," . ••; • • I Fighters Control Santander fire SANTANDER, Spain, Feb. 18- AP)-The combined fire-fighting orces of several cities reduced th jreat Santander fire to a few mino ilazes tonight after a three-day battle, Almost the entire commercia section of the city is in ruins. The exact death toll is not known but there are-believed to be severa bodies buried in the debris, the fire, was estimated to hav •cached wild velocities of than 86 miles an hour. mor penal force many thousands - .trong reached Singapore today. Thus was brought to this eastern astion of the British empire the argest and most powerful rein- . orcement of men, guns and ma- hines ever to arrive in a single onvoy. A few hours after disembarking t the Singapore naval base from real liners which had transported hem 3,000 miles under Australian nd British naval escort the Aus- ralian troops entrained for at- eady-prepared defense stations on. he Malayan peninsula. Uproar Breaks Calm The ordered calm of this great naval base was broken by a great uproar as gray vessels came alpng- ide the docks. Bronzed Australians. amming- the rails and portholes, houted down a band of a famous British regiment until it struck up 'Roll Out the Barrel." Then, thousands of voices joined n and from the top decks a shower of Australian pennies fell upon he British dignitaries, generals and admirals who had gathered on tha dock to welcome the common* wealth troops under Maj. Gen. Gor- dorf Bennett. One of the first soldiers disembarked en route to the waiting :rains illustrated the high spirits of the husky Aussies by saying: "We're all set. fighting flt and ready for whatever jobs are ahead. We don't know oar destination, except it's in Malaya, and we don't care." (Reinforcement of British troops in Malaya, at the tip of which lies Singapore, means tfcat Britain is guarding against a Japanese land thrust at Singapore. Air Chief Marshal Sir Robert Brooke-Popham, British far eastern commander-iji-chief with headquarters at Singapore, attended an Australian war cabinet meeting in Sydney only last Friday, at which time the Australian government said the far eastern situation was of the utmost gravity. Japanese Reports Denied (The Thai (Siamese) government, in a communique issued Tuesday, reiterated its denial of Japanese reports that its south' ern provinces were disturbed by a massing of British troops in Malaya, near the Thai borders, • . (At the same time, Japanese warships in the Gulf of Siam were reported strengthened). The men who arrived today to reinforce the already formidable British, Indian and Malay regiments under the Far East commander-in-chief are "all Australian." Nurses accompanied the medical corps. With the troops were artillery and motor transport. - o Nazi Bomber Strafes Funeral In Cemetery A SOUTHEAST COAST TOWN IN ENGLAND, Feb. 18-(AP)-A German bomber, reported by the British today to have machine- gunned a cemetery, returned later while a funeral was in progress and was believed shot down by anti ......... dived Into the 'empty grave and escaped harm on the raider's first visit. Japan Is Told Deeds Can Outspeak Words WASHINGTON, Feb. 18-(AP)-The United States served indirect notice on Japan today that If her intentions are peaceful she shotild express them in deeds, rather than words. This was the reaction of Sumner Welles,-undersecretary of state, when he was questioned at his press conference concerning a Japanese spokesman's state.ment that his country aims at peaceful relations. "In the very critical world situation which exists today," Welles said, "the government of the United .States a far more interested in the deeds of other nations than in the statements that some of their spokesmen may make." In another quarter of the capital, the government carried forward its defense plans by establishing zones in four areas of the Pacific and one in the Caribbean In which foreign ships may operate only on the express authority of the sec; One includ lands? Hawaii fie Johnsl man island; ,ry of the navy. the Alaskan area, and Unalaska [includes Kaheoahe, .takes in mid-Pad- eluding Palmyra, y, Wake and King' a fourth, threp Pacific-Guam, Tutulla, and Rose. The Caribbean. zone includes Culebra island off Puerto Rico. Welles' comment came as an answer to the statement of an official spokesman in Tokyo' that British and American.' "warlike preparations" were causing "anxiety if not mlsgir- . ings In Japan." Welles left no doubt that 'thji government looked with serious misgivings upon Japan's steady movement southward in the dlree* tion of the British naval base at Singapore and the Netherlands! East Indies. In another way, the government today showed its Interest urtb4 Southwestern Pacific area, Welleai announcing 'that the United Sta|e| and New Zealand had decided^ exchange diplomatic represent?* lives,

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