1845 VOL. 93. A Fannly Newspaper-Devoted to Local and General Intclli gC nce. Apiculture and Advertising-Independent on .U Subjects. Subscription.-In Caroline, ?1.00 per Am,TM, in DENTON, MARYLAND, SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 31,1938. 1988 One show every nite at 8 p. m. except Thursday -and Saturday, 2 shows at 7 9 A Happy New Year To AH Fri. Sat., December 30 31 Woo, Woof- Whof a load of l a u g h i n g gridiron thrill* headed your way THEATRE - - MARYLAND Two Shows Nightly Friday Last Day Saturday, December 31 BIG DOUBLE FEATURE DENTON Â»M rent nuns UCRUO UHE ID) AHMMDEB WHY HLBttT JACK CARSON AUM BRUCE KO (ABO nCTUU Ohwttd br Info Goodwjii Â· Produced br lobvt Sut ScnÂ«n tlOT bÂ» BÂ«rl Grand COLUMBIA P I C T U R E MARKET PLUS PETER B.KYNE'S Iterate OTIEEFE . FtoraKce IHCk IteftoaM OWEN Â· Jun* KNIGHT MnetMlby fiÂ«Â«*Â« ntzmwlca - ~ PrMtaÂ«Â«4 In John W. ComkUis* Jr. Extra--Mickey Mouse Cartoon A C O L U M B I A P I C T U R I EXTRA- Mon. Tues., Januaiy 2 Monday, Tuesday Wednesday January 2, 3 Â£ 4 A New DEANNA BUTLER'S Barber Shop Our holiday treat to you -Two Shows for the Price of One The child you've known... and loved . . . h a s grown to glorious girlhood^ - LOUIS BUTLER, Prop HARLIE RUGGIES DOLORES COSTEU DOUGIAS Jackie Cooper Â· Irene Rich Nancy Carroll Â·JohnHalliday Jackie Searf .JuanitaQuigley_ Extra -- March of Time Wednesday, January 4 It Pays to go to the Dentonia Theatre Thursday, January 5 EARL M. GROUSE t Pays to go to the Rldgely Theatre Oiernaa -.Erelin Ktjes DtaaU O'Connor Â· tSutetfi Patterson Thure. Fri., January 5 G FrancÂ·Â· M*rcÂ»r Â· JobnÂ«on Â· BnK* Cabot I K O - I A O I O BANKING LOOKS NO. 14 Centreville Booters Will Play Denton Here Sunday E.islcrn Shore Soccer League Standing of Clubs Greensboro Kidgely Cl'o tertown Vienna A. C. Easton 101th Denton Vienna CCC St. Michaels Feilei jlsbuig Centieullu W. L. T. Pts. 7 G 5 4 4 3 3 3 1 1 14 12 10 9 8 7 6 6 3 3 "Wly We Advocate Ttrift There are three major reasons why this bank strongly advocates personal thrift: BETTER UVTNG: We think (hat through thrift individuals are able lo achieve greater happiness in the present. GREATER SECURITY: Steady accumulation through the years is the only sun Â·way we know to attain future security. NATIONAL WELFARE: Individual thrift has helped us build the world's richest nation. Let's not stop going forward. \Ve are ready to help you set up, and cany out, your own personal thrift plan. Tke Denton National Bank Denton Hraffl AiAryland Mambw Federal Ruwrw Syitam STRICKLAND'S .BETTER STORES 5c to $1.00 Games This Sunday Centreville at Denton Easton at Ridgcly Gieensboro at Federalsburg Â· Chestertown at Vienna A. C Vienna CCC at St. Michaels Those games were postponed from November 27. Results of Last Sunday No games scheduled. -After a week's layoff in the East- 01 n Shore League the club; will swing back in action this Sunday with Denton exchanging boots with the Cen- tieville Club at Denton at 2:30 p. m. Centreville was lute in finding them- elves but now aie plaing a good brand of soccer. A good game is promised. Come out. Cup Schedule Announced William J. McGahan, secretary of the Maryland State Soccer Association, has announced the draw for the Stewai t and Rowland Cup competition , in which play will open Sunday, January 15. Both events, he said, have drawn their largest fields since the 1933-1934 season. Eight clubs are lined up for Rowland competition and 27 for the Stewart Cup race. The two booting classics involve the cicam of Baltimore's i=occorites, as well as entries from the Eastern Shoie, Western Maryland and Washington. Five teams from the Eastern Shore Soccer League enter the competition. the newly formed and affiliated Eas- ern Shoie League. Greensboro will play host to the Putty Hill Club of Baltimore while St. Michaels will meet the Foster A. C. of Baltimore. Both games will be played on the home grounds of the Eastern Shore teams. Ridgel, Easton and Denton will visit Baltimore to meet the following clubs Marvel Rangers, Pompei Btrs. and Dieatlnaughts. The fact that so many teamb from the Shoie League have entered the State Competition makes the ast-ocia- tion feel that they have done a good job and they are sure when the medals and trophy are presented to the winners of the league that they will feel that it was worth while to join the State Association. The pairings: ROWLAND CUP Quarter-Final Round St. Gerard's ve. Wingfoot at O'Donnell Park. M. Shavitz vs. Bethlehem Steel at Latrobe Park, 3 p. m. Overnight vs. Corinthians at East- irwood Park, 3 p. m. Washington Sports Club vs. Asso- iated Sixth District Club, in Wa-h- ngton. Negro Health Week Award* Announced Dr. R. H. Riley, Director of the State Department of Health has been notified that certificates of merit-all in class "A"--have bpen awarded to the State and Baltimoio City Depal tments of Health, to the Negro Health Week Committee of Baltimore City, and to the Departments of Health of Caroline, Cecil, Montgomery, Piince George's, and Wicomico Counties, by the National Negro Health Week Committee of the U. S. Public Health Seivice, for activities in connection with this year's observance of Negro Health Week. The announcement was made by Dr. Ros- Liberty Bank, Easton, Plans A Branch Bank At Hillsboro Negro STEWART CUP Preliminary Round Georgetown vs. Newark at Gwynn's 'alls, 3 p. m. Parkside vs. Williamsport at Patterson No. 1, 3 p. m. Marvel Rangers vs. Ridgcly at Patterson No. 2, 3 p. m. Slovania vis. Gollers at Clifton in- closure, 1 p. m. Greensboro vs. Putty Hill at Greensboro, 3 p. m. North Point vs. Morstein at Patterson inclosure, 1 p. m. Hudak Motors vs. Shamrock Reserve.? at Patterson No. 3, 3 p. m. Stanley vs. Colonial Juniois at coo Brown, Director of the Health Week Movement. Clasrt "A" certificates weie also awarded to the Health Club of St. James Home and School of Pocomoke City, Worcester County, and to the Community Center of White Plains, Charles County, and a Class "B" certificate was awarded to the Health Club of Wetipquin, Wicomico County Fourteen schools in that county took part in the nation-wide health poster contest, and the public school at Salisbury, paired with a school in Winston-Salcm, North Carolina, for second honois in the contest. RIDGELY, GREENSBORO, EASTON, DENTON and ST. MICHAELS WILL PLAY IN THE FIRST ROUND ON JANUARY 15. Ridgely and Denton will travel to Baltimore while St. Michaels and Greensboro will entertain Baltimore teams on the Shore. This move was made in an effort to increase the interest in the game in Swann, 3 p. m. Easton vs. Lady of Pompei at Patterson inclosure, 3 p. m. Triangle Juniors vs. Wcilami at Latrobe, 1 p. m. St. Michaels vs. Pasters at St Michaels, 3 p. m. First-Round Games Lou Smith vs. Little Joe at Patterson No. 2, 1 p. m. Denton vs. Dreadnaught at Clifton inclosure, 3 p. m. All-American Club drew bye. should be farming, THE OYSTER--THE TRUE SYMBOL OF GOOD EATING Modern Oyster Farming Lewis Radcliffe, Director The Oyster Institute of North America, Washington, D. C. Supplementing earlier articles in this series entitled "Early Efforts to Conserve the Supply" and "Water Farming or Agriculture", reference made to modern oyster our greatest under-watcr crop. Fin=t, let me remind you that GO per cent of our annual harvest of more than 14,000,000 bushels is produced on the 20 per cent of oyster growing bottoms which are under cultivation. There are three classes of oyster grounds -- seed grounds, growing grounds, and maturing grounds, each with special adaptations to its particular use. Comparable differences occur in agriculture, one type of soil being well adapted to one crop and another to some other crop. In preparing for a set of baby oysters, the bottom is carefully cleaned by dredging up the loose debris of old shells, enemies of the oysters such as starfi-h and drills, etc. Just prior to the spawning of the adult oysters, in early summer, dry clean shells from shucking houses are scatteret over the bottoms at the rate of about 500 to _1000 bushels an acre. Unless there are stocks of adult spawners nearby, adult oysters arc scatterci over the beds on top of the shells. A single adult female of our native Eastern oyi=ter may discharge between 100 and BOO million eggs during the spawning season, while the male may liberate billions of mo- bila sperms. The fertilized eggs grow and develop into a resemblance of the adult oyster as a free swimming animal. After about 14 days they settle down and if on a shell, rock, or branch, attach themselves thereto and development t proceeds apace. Each tiny individual is termed n "spat" and if the shells are well covered with those tiny spat the farmer has a good "set". If the eeed grounds are reasonably safe from winter storms and ice, the young 1 seed oysters may remain on the grounds of their birth for n year or more, to 3 fathoms, where there is an abundance of food so that they will fatten up for market. In southern waters the oysters reach a market size much sooner, some in as short a time as 18 months to 2 years. While the waterman who harvests, his oysters from free bottoms during the oyster season is free to fish or engage in other occupations during the summer season, our oyster farmer is Bending out his boat crews and laborers to clean the bottoms, mop up starfish, clean the beds of other enemies, and Â· other farming operations. Thus the oyster farmer is furnishing year round employment to thousands of watermen and creating the community in This year's schedule included public meetings in churches, schools and community halls with all representative groups participating; child health conferences; the medical examination of tchool children; clinics for immunization against diphtheiia, typhoid and smallpox; tuberculosis and venereal disease clinics; health education exercises and poster contents in the schools; community clean-up and sanitation campaigns. There wore also cleanliness and ncatno-s improvement contests in some of .the rural schools including a county-wide one in Worcester County. The Health Week observance was -tarted nearly twenty-five years ago largely through the initiative and interest of Booker T. Washington. Since it became nation-wide in its scope it has been conducted under the auspices of the Un\ted States Public Health Service, with State and local departments of health, and lay organizations assisting. Dr. Brown's report for the current year shows that over 3,600 communities, in 30 States, took part in the 1938 activities. Over 42,000 households throughout the country shared in the clean-up campaigns; over 95,000 places, in the insect and rat control projects; more than 9,000 in sanitation activities; and nearly 20,000 plant and flower projects were carried on. The educational exercises were attended by over 1,250,000 persons, and many more were reached by the radio talkii, of which 391 were given. The Libertj Bank, Easton, Maryland, is expected soon to establish a branch to continue to give banking .service in the Hillsboro-Quecn Anne Bank building at Hillsboio, by taking over and becoming re ponsible for the Depositors' Accounts of Hilkboro- Queen Anne Bank and offeiing to all the depositors of that bank and to the people of the HiUsboro-Queen Anne Tri-County area the high character of banking service that has marked the steady, stable growth of The Liberty Bank at Easton. When asked about the proposed extension, G. Elbyrt Marshall, president of The Liberty Bank, confirmed the report that the branch of The Keep Inexperienced Cyclists Off Highways new wealth for which he lives. MARINES B O O K S You May Enjoy By Graham Watson With accidents involving bicySes climbing steadily in the past few yeare, the Keystone Automobile Club advises that children who received bicycles for Christmas be instructed in the "rules of the road." Many children who have never before ridden bikes will be riding them during and after the holidays, it is pointed out. Unless properly coached by their eldere, the boys and girls will have no conception of their responsibilities on streets and highways. "Parents may save themselves much grief," said Matthew P. Hanley, Manager of *he Eastcm Shore Division of the Club, "if they spend some time teaching children with newly- acquired bicycles the fundamentals of safe operation in respect to traffic hazards. "The tremendous increase in death and injury accidents involving bicycles shows that a great many youthful cyclers lack this knowledge. "Simple information such as waiting 1 for traffic lights, slowing down at intersections making turns properly, staying in one lane of traffic, obeying 'stop' signs, riding with lights at night, and other elementary factors for safety may prevent death or painful injury to children. "An increase in bicycle accidents conservatively estimated at 90 per cent for the last four years and a fatality rate much greater than that of automobile accidents should impress the importance of saftty teaching on fathers and mothers who presented their children with bicycles this Christmas." Liberty Bank was expected soon to be in operation at Hillrboro, and said that both in Easton and at Hillsboro, The Liberty Bank will be prepared with an increased capitalization, to render more and better banking service than his bank and the Hillsboro- Qucen Anne Bank could have done operating separately. In this paper, notice of a special meeting of the stockholders of the HilLboro-Qucen Anne Bank is advertised to be held on Januaiy 12th next for the purpose of approving the agreement which has already been approved by the Board of Directors of each bank, respectively. Christmas Seal Sale Report Made Reports from the finst few weeks of the annual tuberculosis Christmas Seal sale have been made to the Maryland Tuberculosis Association, sponsor of the eale in this state, and they indicate that there is a good chance of exceeding last year's total if those who have not yet made payments will do so. Many of the counties are running ahead of their 1937 total, at this stage of the sale and only a few have fallen behind. None, however, are so far behind that they cannot beat their previous total if those people who still retain unpcid for Seals will mail in their returns. William B. Matthews, managing director of the Maryland Tuberculosis Association, requested everyone who has overlooked their Seals in the excitement of Christmas to hunt them up and make returns on them. "There ore many unpaid for Seals tucked away in some hiding: place, which if paid for, can insure every county an adequate anti-tuberculosis program for the ensuing year." The records of the counties according to the last reports made by their chairmen are as follows: WILLIAM LYON PHELPS PRESENTS "FAVORITE" BOOK LISTS FOR 1938 MISSION TO MENELIK otherwise in the fall they will be dredged up and moved to a safer home. The yearling aced oysters are moved to growing grounds, being planted at the rate of about 300 to 500 bushels to the acre, depending on the richness of the set and the character of the grounds. A year later, the growing oysters are thinned out, about half being moved to other growing ground, to prevent crowding and reduce mortality. This process is repeated so that at the age of 4 years, the oyster may have been transplanted two or three times. However, but a small fraction-of 1 per cent of the original spat ever grows to maturity. At the age of 4 to 6 yeans for northern oysters, the adult oysters now of market size arc removed to maturing grounds usually in water 2 Thousands of gaily-clad warriors covered the hills and plains near Addis Ababa in Ethiopia on a December day in 1903. With primitive curiosity they watched the approach of a little cavalcade of U. S. Marino and bluejackets who were about to pay a diplomatic visit to their emperor, Mcnelik II. For days the Ethiopians had known the Americans were on the way, and they had adorned themselves in their best regalia of lion and leopard skins, decorated with lions' manes and o-- trich feathers. Some of them sat astride Arab horses or zebra-like mules, many of which were richly caparisoned. Vast stretches of tropical jungle and arid do=ert lay behind the marines, who had made the 300-mile trek from the nearest railhead to the Ethiopian capital, braving the threats of rebellious tribesmen and transporting their supplies by camel. The marines rode on mules which had joen purchased for the journey. A noisy blare of trumpet-, and the beating of tom-toms greeted the marines as they rode into the city, where :hey dismounted and were ushered into the presence of the African monarch, who sat in regal state on a pile of cushions which nearly buried him. 'icturcsque warrions, heavily armed, crowded about their emperor. Followed ten days of diplomatic meetings, while the marines lived in ents at Camp Theodore Roosevelt, lamed in honor of the Chief Executive who had sponsored the mission. Then, loaded with gifts of ivory, medals, and even lionrs, they returned to their ship at Jibuti after an absence of two months. Since that historic visit, Ethiopia has had a stormy history. Yet, never has America made any contacts with its people save those of friendship and good will. December is always a pretty slim month so far as new publications are concerned. This year, it seems that there are fewer than usual. In fiction the outstanding book is unquestionably "Mr. Norton's Wife", bj Mildred Walker. Indeed it is almost the I only novel for the month that warrants special mention. It is the Liberty Guild selection for January and it is bound to have a good reception. Ordinarily it would not have received the standing it will receive had it been issued in any other month, but coming in December when there ij lit- He competition it stands a good chance to have top sales. It is a good novel--somewhat comparable to "Mr. Despondency';, Daughter". Sue Morton, Di. Norton's wife, is slowly dying (though i-hi- docs not know it) of an infection of the spinal cord and multiple sclerosis. She, who has been active, graceful, a perfect companion for her doctor husband, must now spend practically all her time in bed or chair. Her speech has thickened; her flesh is a stiff and her face expressionless; she cannot control the movements of her aims and legs. She misses her old activities, her old friendships, and most of all she misses the former ardor of her fin-band. She suspects him of infidelity. She grows to hate her own sister. And Sue's husband and sister, :hough they love her gradually come to realize that it will be a relief when Sue dies. It ii not n pretty pic- ;ure--slow death turning a whole lousohpld morbid and hate ridden-)Ut it is a compelling picture. And it las a "happy ending." Douglas Corrigan's "That's My Story" should be a leader in sales too. Certainly America took to Cor- What are the "ten best" fiction and non-fiction books of 1938? It is impossible to announce a list of "ten Best books" of any year, says William Lyon Phelps, author and longtime professor of literature at Yale University. "But," he continues, "it is not difficult to make a brief catalogue of favorites." He presents his selections in the January issue of the Rotarian Magazine, in which he conducts a regular book-review section. "Billy" Phelpn, as he is widely known, especially at Yale, has read 10,000 different books and still averages 50 a year though he has "retired." According to a biographer in a recent issue of Life magazine, "he has probably done more than any living figure to inoculate the American mind with a reverence for the written and spoken word." Here's his 1938 Ii-t of favorites in The Rotarian: Fiction -Testament, by R. C. Hutchinson (Farrar Rinehart). Dawn in Lyoncssc, by Mary Ellen Chase (Macmillan). The Door of Life, by Enid Bagnold (William Morrow). Images in a Mirror, by Sigrid Und- set (Knopf). The Yearling, by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlingj (Scribner's). Old Home Week, by Minnie Kite Moody (Julian Mcsuncr). Allegany Anne Arundel Baltimore (1st Dist.) Baltimore Calvert Caroline Carroll Cecil Charles Dorchester Frederick Garrett Harford Howard Kent Montgomery Prince George's Queen Anne's St. Mary's Somerset Talbot Washington Wicomico Worcester $1,175.00 1,769.6$ 563.80 2,369.81 93.70 338.80 498.45 365.00 109.75 No Report ^1,278.03 199.70 697.11 220.05 396.50 3,041.89 1,336.13 229.10 99.75 111.75 604.85 1,662.69 641.45 605.56 CROP IMPROVEMENT ASSOCIATION TO MEET IN BALTIMORE JANUARY 11 The annual winter meeting of the Maryland Crop Improvement Association will be held in Baltimore at the Lord Baltimore Hotel on Januaiy 11, it is announced by John Magruder, acting secretary-treasurer of the Association. Speakers listed for the meeting include Dr. J. E. Woodward, of the U. S. Department of Agriculture; Dr. R. P. Thomas and Dr. Russell G. Rothgeb, of the University of Maryland; Edwin Warfield, of Woodbine; H. B. Derrick, county agent for Baltimore county; L. C. Bums, county agent for Carroll county; and H. M. Carroll, county agent for Harford county. Topics which will be discussed during the meetings arc new rotations, grass and legume silage, hybrid corn, and the results of rapid eoil testing experiments conducted in Maryland. Winners in the Corn and Grain Show, which will be held in the Lord Baltimore Hotel, will be announced during the meeting as the judging of each class is completed. as it has taken to no hero since jindborgh. The book will be advertised extensively and should have a strong appeal to boys. James A. Farley's "Behind the Ballots" is another book that will have large sales and may pull a surprise. Naturally it will find its chief market among the New Dealers, but apparently there are plenty of them still. And there's "The Man Who Made Peace, Neville Chamberlain". Kindling, by Nevil Shutc (William Morrow). War in Heaven, by Phillip Barry (Coward McCann) The Kent, by LeGrand Cannon, Jr. (Farrar Rinehart). The Buccaneers, by Edith Wharton (Appleton-Century). ORPHANS' COURT BUSINESS *Â· SJOttKaf Non-fiction-Benjamin Franklin, by Carl Van Dorcn (Viking) Listen, the Wind, by Anne Morrow Lingbcrgh (Harcourt Brace) Alone, by Richard E. Byrd (Putnam's) My Husband - Gabilowitsch, by Clara Clemens (Harper's). The Greenwood Hat, by J. M. Barrie (Scribner's). My Mind a Kingdom, by George Thomas (Dutton). The Rediscovery of Man, by Henry C. Link (Macmillan). I'm a Stranger Here Myself, by Ogden Na^h (Little, Brown). Down the Mississippi, by Major R. Raven-Hart (Houghton Mifllin) Dana and the Sun, by Candace Stone (Dodd-Mead). The Orphans' Court for Caroline County met in regular session on Tuesday, with Judges Handy, Dennis and Fooks present. The following business was approved and ordered recorded: Proof of publication of notice to creditors, petition and order to transfer stock, petition and order to allow certain accounts, administration and distribution account and release filed in Marion E. Jarman estate. Tho last will and testament of Huett Truxon was filed, proved and admitted to probate. Petition and order to assign and transfer mortgage filed in Leonard R. Towers estate. Agreement and petition and order filed in George P. Noble eetate. Additional account of sales and list of debts filed in Martha A. Noble ' estate. Inventory and appraisement of personal property filed in Mary Clan Brown estate. Subscribe for the Journal and get all the county news. t Merchants who advertiM la Tb* Journal are not the only one* who have something to BeQ but they a** the only ones that arebraggincaboiitik 1EWSP4PERS -IWSPAPFR!
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