The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on January 15, 1945 · Page 1
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

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Monday, January 15, 1945
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THE REGISTER VOLUMiE XLVIII No. 68 The Weekly Regi«ter, E«tabli»he4 1887: The Iol» D»ily Rejister, EitablUbed 1897. lOLA, KAS., MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 15, 1945. Sncffuor to The loU Daily Register, The lola Daily Record, tui lols Daily Index. FOUR PAGES + + + The WAR TODAY + + + BY DEWITT MACKENZIE Our global war has, perhaps more by (Jeslgn than by chance, reached two of its greatest crises simultaneously—the inauguration of the huge Allied squeeze on HItlerdom, and the euccessful launching of the invasion of Luzon, key Philippine island. The fh^t of these operations represents the real beginning of the concerted Allied drive to administer the poup de grace to Germany. The second when successfully completed will have established the Allies on the essential base (Luzon) from which they can direct their combined might against Japan's ill- gained conquests and the mikado's own domains. Just as a 3uess, the two might be completed about the same time. That is, the Pacific allies may have conquered Luzon and be ready to begin the decisive offensive Just as thfir Euro!>can colleagues have made the "kill." Should this happen it would be a most gratifying development, since it would release the vast A tiled striking power in Europe for the laimchlng of the all-out onslaught on Japan. • Thus wa can say that the Allies are making solid progress which will continue with increasing momentum so long as the home-fronts safe-guard it. Our main concern tight now Isn't so much military as In the unhappy thought that the. current mutual sharp-shooting by .•:eIf-appolnted correctors among the citizens of the Allied countries may knock the "United" out of the "United Nations." The idea that it's a good thing for private citizens of Allied nations to get adverse criticisms of one another "off their manly chests," as .•someone has put it, just isnt a tound one. Probably government representatives of the Big Three will have some blunt taU;s. and that may be all to the good, but unofficial sharp-shooting does more damage than all the nands-across-the-sea diplomacy can repair in generations. It's a false notion to think that you (Continned on Pace 4. No. 2) Advance On Luzon Unchecked Planes Raid Formosa As MacArthur's Men Continue Advance Toward Manila Services Held For H. A. Harwood (Soeeial to TTio R»i«UterV Humboldt, Jan. 5.—Funeral services for H. A. Harwood, who passed away January 9, 1945, at Kansas University hospital, .Kansas City, Kas., were held Sunday afternoon at 3 o'clock, at the Johnson funeral home, following a long illness. The service was conducted by the Rev. G. Everett Figgs, pastor of the Third Christian church, Topeka, and formerly of Humboldt. Burial was in Mt. Hope cemetery. Harold Arland Harwood was born October 8, 1885 at Clayton, Illinois, and on January 21, 1914, he was united In marriage to Hattle Bowman, of Hugo, Okla. To this union were born two daughters, Mrs. Eleanor Donaldson of the home address, and Mrs. Vivian Hastings, of Oakland, Calif. The family came to Humboldt in the year 1918, where Mr. Harwood liiid been employed since that time by the Stanolind Pipeline company. He was an outstanding citizen of this community, a devoted husband and father, interested in improving his home, and providing every possible convenience for his family, and helping his friends. A friend has said, "Mr. Harwood was the most conscientious neighbor I ever had." Hi- was considered by his employer a very faithful worker. He enjoyed reading good books. One of the family treasures is a collection of IMems written by Mr. Harwood. Besides his wife and daughters, surviving relatives are a brother, S. E. Harwood, of Hunnewell, Mo., and two nephews. Charles McEwen, Oklahoma City, and Harry McEwen, Houston, Tex., also other relatives and many friends. Pall bearers were W. C. Shaffer, Robert Hamm, Earl 3eaty, Henry Geffert, Robert Redding, and Lloyd SChoonover. "Nearer My God to Thee," and "Rock of Ages," were sting by Alameada Breedlove. Beverly Breedlove. Mrs. Wynona Montague, Mrs. Marjorie Harwood, and Mrs. Dorothy Readecker, accompanied at the piano by Mrs. Lola Morgan. May Write at Once To Prisoners in Germany It is no longer necessary for persons in this country to watt for the name of the German prison camp in which an American prisoner of war Is confined before writing to him, according to lalortoation received by Mrs. Gene Coolc chairman of the local Red Crosa committee charged with helping Allen countians to get in touch with friends or relatives who are prisoners. The war department has advised Mrs. Cook that letters to prisoners of war may be addressed as follows: (Name and rank.) U, S. Prisoner of War in Germany, c/o Intematioi^al Red Cross Director Service. Geneva, Switzerland. The above address should not be used for letters after a definite address has been furnished and no parcel may be sent until a definite camp addnis Is received. (By the Associated Press) American carrier planes raide(J Formosa again today in support of the unchecked Sixth army advance in the Philippines, the Japanese Do- mei news agency reported. An unconfirmed Domei broadcast said 200 sea-borne aircraft for four and a lialf hours bombed and strafed airfields and installations on Formosa, hit the prevoius day by China^ based Superfrots and Liberator bombers from the Philippines. Formosa is in the Japanese supply line to Luzon Island in the Philippines, where Lt. Gen. Walter Krueger's Sixth army advanced in three directions, seized four important road jimctlons, crossed the formidable Agno river 88 miles from Manila and stretched the American beachhead over 45 miles. Mechanized forces on the western flank of the advance down the wide valley to Manila seized Bayamban and Mangatrem. On the extreme west of the beachhead a Yank column entered Alaminos. from there they can wheel southward along a coastal highway to Bataan. ' Gen. Douglas MacArthur attributed the meagemess of enemy opposition at least partially to warplanes which have raised havoc with Japanese transport. In five days thej wiped out 26 locomoitves, 300 freight cars, 400 motor vehicles and 11 tanks. Down 35 Planes Thirty-five Japanese planes were destroyed over Luzon in two days. Including 20 shot down over the U. S. Seventh fleet in Lingayen gulf. Some damage was inflicted on American ships. The enemy air attack perhaps came from Formosa. In countering attacks, MacArthur's Philippines- based Liberators hit Formosa airdromes for two successive days, and China-based B-29s ranged freely over the island for two and a half hours Siinday. Other Superforts struck Nagoya in Japan proper. All B-29s returned from these raids, the war department announced. The Japanese high command claimed that nine were shot down and 34 damaged over Nagoya. The Weather KANSAS—Fair toniglit, in west and e«itral portion; lowest 25-30 west and SO-35 east; Tnesday partly elondy west and sooth; light rain northeast, UUIe change'in temperatnre. Temperature—Highest for the 24 hours ending 5 p. m. yesterday, 57, lowest last night 31; normal for today 32; excess yesterday 13 degrees; excess since January 1. 8 degree;; this date last year—highest 49; lowest 20.- Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. today, .0; total for this year to date, .04; deficiency since January 1. .56 inches. Sunrise 8:37 a. m.; set 6:26 p. m. Thermograph Readings Ending 8 a. m. Today. 9 a. m 35 9 p. m 48 10 a. m 37 10 p. m 44 11 a. m. 38 11 p. m 42 12 noon 42 12 m 42 1 p. m 45 1 a. m 42 2 p. m 51 2 a. m -...se 3 p; m 52 3 a. m 34 4 p. m 54 4 a. m 34 5 p. m 57 5 a. m 33 6 p. m 55 6 a. m 32 7 p. m 51 7 a. m .31 8 p. m 50 8 a. m -.31 Rkd Fbrcte Surg^ On In Poland winter Offensive May Spread Over Whole Eastern Front In Near Future Allen County Out in Front Far Ahead of Average In Kansas in Sixth War Loan Drive Lt. Herbert E. Lane Dies of Wounds * Lt.. Herbert E. Lane, who was wounded in action on the Belgium- Germany front early in November, died on November 30 in a French hospital according to information received by Mrs. Frank Nogle, Gas City. Lt. Lane, son of Mr. and Mrs. Lafa Lane, was born In Gas City and attended grade .school there. He also attended the lola high school. The family moved to Yakima, Washington, about seven years ago. His brother, Lt. Donald Lane, was reported missing in action on the Anzlo beachhead In Italy on March 11, 1944, His parents still have received no definite news concerning him. Three other sons of Mr. and Mrs. Lane are in the service. They are Thurston. Lafa, Jr., and Richard. In addition Lt. Lane i.s survived by a brother. Bobby, and a sister. Rosemary, living at home. Farm Outlook Meetinjj At Star Valley The outlook for agriculture in 1945 will be the topic for discussion at a meeting to be held at 8 p. m. Wednesday at Star Valley school. Allan Goodbary, Farm Bureau agent, and Miss Annabelle Dickinson, home demonstration agent, are In charge of the program. Coffee and dough nuts will be served. The general public is invited. Kansas made one of the finest records in the nation in the Sixth War Loan according to a letter received by T. H. Bowlus, countv war finance chairman, from W. Laird Dean, state chairman. Allen county played a majQr part in the campaign by exceeditig every quota given to it and running far ahead of the state on a percentage basis. The final tabulation of sales reveals that $700,545 worth of war bonds were purchased diulng the drive in Allen county. This is 154% of the $453,740 quota. 'E" bond sales were $302,307 or 128% of the $236,020 goal. Kansas war bond sales during the drive were $142,521,000 against a quota of $98,000,000 and "E" lx>nd sales were $43,604,000 against a goal of $38,000,000. Total sales to individuals were $76,056,000 compared with a goal of $63,000,000. In commenting upon Allen coim- ty's sales Mr. Dean wrote: "Certainly this record must be one of the finest in the nation, and you and your co-workers have played a major part in making tills aclilevement possible. Every citizen of Kansas, and every boy in the armed services, will certainly be glad to know of the fine record that our State has made in its' contribution to the success of the Sixth War Loan." Judge Wallace H. Anderson acted as campaign manager of the drive and was assisted by a numt>er of sub-chairmen, including: Bryan Scarborough, lola; W. A. Byerley, Humboldt: Walter Lam, Moran. Since the last report was made Logan township exceeded its quota. Every township with the exception of three went over the top. Sorry—We Can't Do Any Better The Register is distressed— but helpless—to receive many complaints these da^s from sub- .scrlbers all the way from Leyte Island to Unlontown saying that delivers is spasmodic, sometimes almost non-existant. Among the last 100 compaints checked, not one was the fault of this office. All the papers are leaving here each day and are leaving the local postoffice each day. From there on—all the wartime shortages of transportation and labor pile up to produce almost any result. In some theaters of war, subscriptions to soldiers have scarcely gone through at all the past two or three months. Again there is nothing The Register can do about it; they are probably piling up in New York and San Francisco while food and ammimition and first class mail are occupying all shipping space instead. If your soldier isnt getting hLs Register, let us know and ve will check his address plate here—but that is all we can do. Bad delivery service will have to be expected everywhere until at least V-Day in Europe. New Vistas of Trade With China Open Up for Post-War Planners (By JAMES D. WHITE.) Washington, Jan. 16. <AP)—Yankee traders are thlnlcing again about shirt-tails in China. Long ago someone figured out that if you could get 400 million Chinese to wear their shirt-tails a Ifew Inches longer, the added cotton would keep American textile mills busy. tile Chinese don't wear shirts as we do, but anyway tiiis helped people glimpse the mountainous possi- blUties of trade with the Chinese market-^till potentially the largest in the world. Post-war trade with China takes on added promise through a "new economic policy" announced by Chungking. It will be, prot>ably, more important than ever Ixfore. To us because we hope to push American trade abroad to keep otu- workers busy. To China because she will be hungry for our consxmier goods and for machinery to make her own. . For a hundred years China fretted under wbat sbe considered tbe shameful restraints of the "extraterritorial" rights which most foreigners enjoyed on her soil. Under these rights, foreigners were ro- sponslble to their own laws and courts, not to ChiAese. China's government t)egan to regiment CtUnese tMisiness and.indus­ try-, to insist upon atxiUtion of "ex- traUty" (as it U called for short). Foreigners were afraid. If they gave up their special position, could they compete and isurvive? ' After Pearl Harlx>r we gave up our extrality rights. Trade was dead in blockaded Ciiina. Americans who hoped to go back wondered wfaetti- er they could make a go of it. Chtmglcing's "new econoo^c policy" says in effect: "Come on back. China wants to be reasonable." Ctiina's NEP is a plan for the future. Industry and tnisiness are to be built up from the wreckage of the war. One offlcial behind it is Dr. Sun Fo; chairman of tbe legislative Yuan, outstanding Chinese liberal and son of the republic^ (Contitraed on Atce *, N«. U Moscow, Jan. 15. (AP);;— Russian armored f orc^ suijg- ed through southern Polapd today, to Avithin 64 miles pf the heavily fortified Germ4m Silesian frontier amid mounting indications that the n^w Soviet winter offensive soon spread over the entire eastern front from the Baliic to Yugoslavia. Marshal Ivan' S. Konev's new thrust,.wtiich in three days:;has Cfo-- ried across the Nida river on a 37- mile f rpnt and driven a deep wedge into . the Warsaw-Krakow del( line, appears to be part of a icr«at Red army general offensive to Poland, liberate Warsaw and the battle to the industrial areas !ot south«M«m Germany. (Berlin reported late last night that other powerful Soviet ionea had begun attacks west of the Vistula at Magnuszew and Pulawy. 33 and 65' miles soutlieast of Warsaw and along the Narew river north of the Po^ capital) Fighting in sub-zero temperatures Konelvls troops made gains yesterday up;to 15 miles and capiiured 900 more localities for a tivee-day total of 656. • In tlje northern sector: of his salient zeroes the Vistula, however, his troops met sharply stiffening Nazi refistance Just south of Kielee. Other Bed army elements- seeking to push their way up the Vistula toward < Warsaw ran into ttie same hard defensive fighting. The large number of reserves which tbe Nazi high command has ah-eady? tlirown into the mounting battle was beginning to l>race tlie sagging German eastern front. Ill ere was little doubt tha;t the Red army must soon meet up with the toughest kind of: opposition, since ttie Germans apparently base their hopes for a d^ense of tlie sotitherh coiner of the Reich on the Warsaw-Krakow line. Dave Gilkeson Dies at Home David. Franklin Gilkeson, a member of one of the Arst families to settle in Allen county, died yesterday at his home, 827 North street. He would have been 95 years old next May. Dave ^Gilkeson, as he was Icnown to his scores of friends, was bom In Rockwell, Indiana. The family moved to Kansas in 18S8 and settled on a farm close to the'jn«sent site of the Allen county farin. During and after the Civil war Mr. Gilkeson engaged in farming near Carlyle, herded cattle on ttie open prairie adjoining Colony and was employed at times in Carlyle. About 1898 he brought his famUy to lola jrhere he has lived ttie past 47 years. .He was employed in the brick pl^nt; the foundry and other industries until he retired some years a^o. When; he was 14 he attended a meeting: at which the lola Presbyterian cjfiurch was organized. Later he and Mrs. Gilkeson were acUve in the church at Carlyle, transferring their membersiiip to lola when moving here. He was always a faithful attendant. Always Active Mr. GUkeson was active physically and mentally ttiroughout his life. His favorite recreation of late years was talci^ long walks which often covered nine to ten miles. He was ill but a few days prior to death. He leaves his daughter, Miss Ruth GiUceson; at the home; a brother, Lee GUlqpson, Tonkawa, Oklahoma; a half brother, James OillcesOn, Carlyle, and^ tialf sister, MUs E3ia GU­ keson, T|>nkawa, Okla. Funeral services will be conducted by the Rev. T. H. SheUenberger at 2 p. nr., tomorrow, at the Sleeper Chapel. ^Burial wiU be at tbe lola cemetery; 1945 March of Dimes Campaign Und^ Way ' New "^ork. Jan. X5. (AP)—The 1B4S Mairch of Dimes catnpaign, to provicfeB for an extension of the baUIe against Infantile ptailysis, is officisoly underway. Basil O'Connor, president of ttie National Foundation for Ibfannle Paralysis; opening the campaign yesterday: said in a radio address over CB6 that last year^ epldemip —second worst in the nation's history—claimed 19,000 vlctlras; Stetson Hat and $100 Stolen If rom Portlaiid A Siet^ hat and $100 tn .caalt were stolen Sattirdajr night tnm the room of O. C. Randall manager of the Fortljuid hoieL Entranipe may have been made by way of the transom. Polite officers have few dsn with whi^h to woric and nd arrest has beenonade. DESPERATE Kansas pity, Jan. 15. i (AP)UWant ad in the Swansea City Staf: "Will exchange my tnterect In the hereafter for produethre lead on a clean, fnmiahed apartiaeiit or house. Tm iiufttnibs,'' Today's Philippine^ War Map Naval finils desUori 4f Joff rciseli here} kSon femando mil SANTIAGOTl rt- ••••• Cobo Lingayen Gulf Agoo< '^V%/S. ••"'liL /iirRosorio Malosiqui /V .llosis ft'Eleveien Aguilor Cuyo ;*<«te/ ^ Mongotortra* Moncodo • Camiling ^0%% -^UZON MILES >20 Yanks have e'xtiended their Luaon holdings northeast to include Rabon while in the c'ehtyr they have paken San Carlos and Malaslqui. Arrows ;x)int ti) obJe<itl'v<«. Reinforcements intended lor the Jap base at San Femando *ere sunk by p. S. naval units.—(NEA Telemap. Triicei Now In Greece ELAS Leaders Will Withdraw Armies From Athens Area Athens. 'Jan. 15. (AP)—A truce ending hostilities between the left wing ELAS niiUtia and British troops went into effect today. The peace with EAM leaders was negotiated by Lt.'Gen. Ronald M. Scoble, British ' commander, who yesterday told cheering demonstrators that his forces would protect the.Ore^ people .and their liberties against revolution from any quar"-- ter. • , Moderates w*hp were former members of the EAM, poltical organization of the BLAB, said at a press conference today they had completely dlsayaociated themselves from the movement. The moderates were fonnerlyl socialist delegates to the EAM front Salonika. The moderates said slgniflcantly that the^ favored inclusion of <3qm- mimist delegates in an all-party cabinet ; provided the Communists maiiitained no. private armies. Scobie's speech, made from a balcony at ^B^itish i headquarters, was wildly cheered by the demonstrators, who-sm-gffd through the streets of Athens waving British, American and Greek flags. | After evacuating the areas proscribed in Scobie's terms, which became effective last midnight, the ELAS wiJl hold 21 out of 37 prefectures in Greece, representing about two-thirds of the coimtry. | British troops received strict in- structionp not to open Are | on any ELAJS, who has three days grace to evacuate the mountain | regions (Continned on.Page 4, No. 4) THBEE GENERATIONS Thomasville, Ala., Jan. IS.jCAP)— Mrs. J. Jit. Davis' birthday is January 10. ^ . ! , That day is also the birthday . ADI her granddaughter, Mrs. Boyd Wilson Funtihes. And ngxt Jan. 10 Mrs. Punches daughter will celebrate her first birthday.' May Oust Jap Premier Political Crisis Brews in Japan As Armies Fail "(By th« AsJioriHtHil I'rc .'is) The Japanese Dom'ji news agency hinted today at the possible ousting of Premier Kuniaki Kolso because of military reversals suffered by Japan. . Political circles in Japan have been split under the "demand by the nation for a stronger internal stnic- turt!- to' meet the growing seriousness of the war," a broadcast sponsored by Domei said. Newly-developed "factions" among national leaders are clamoring for a "bold and unprecedented political renovation" and a "second political reformation," Domei news agency said, in a broadcast intercepted by Federal Communications Ckimmis- sion. An earlier report by radio Tokyo said the Kolso cabinet is to hold a special meeting today which suggested that the crisis might come to a head before the imperial diet reconvenes January 21. It Happened Before Koiso came into office last summer, following Hidekl Tojo, who was forced to resign under similar Internal fire l)ecause of the growing threat of American gains in the Pacific. Domei reported that "Admiral Sei7o Kobayashi, president of the powerful rule assistance political society, called the leaders to an Im- poi-tant meeting Sunday and the men were asked to express their opinions regarding the current po- Utlcal situation." Jlegardlng the meeting, Domcl said: "Witliin the society are factions which believe current plans arc^ not drastic enough and there exists a strong group which believes boW and unprecedented political reriovation is necessary to see the wai to a successful conclusion." Continue to Flatten The "Belgian Bulge'' Germans Put On More Phony Broadcasts London, Jan. 15. (AP)—The Germans have added fake American and French programs to their phony broadcasts, which recently included a simulated BBC news report sliu-- ring Americans and giving all credit to Field Marshal Montgomery for checking the Nazi Belgium offensive. A station imitating an official AEF program was on the air last night. It played popular music and then gave "news" reports of heavy losses to U. S. divisions. The French program urged the Free French to "avoid another 1940." Support Political Council Washington, Jan. 1,5. (AP)—Senator Wheeler (D., Monl.). calling for lijimediate formation of a United Nations political council, contended today that Europe is being forced Into the "embrace" of Ru.ssia through "power politics." The Montanan addressed the senate after bipartisan support developed over the week-end for a proposal by Chairman CJonnally (D., Tex.), of the foreign relatlon.s committee for the United States to set up a provLsional council to handle political queslion.s. ThLs council would operate while amendments on a world security organization were being ratified. Wheeler, chief congres,sional critic of President Roosevelt's foreign policies, said "we ought now to signify without equivocation that it is not our intention to subject the so- called liberated people of Europe to StaUn's type of democratic rules any more than we intend to restore Hitler's tyranny." In a prepared address, the Montana senator told his colleagues he is convinced that with Great Britain the objective of restoring free gov-, ernment to Nazl-overrvm countries "is even now a secondary aim, and with Russia it is not an aim at all." Connally plans to lay his Idea before Secretary of State Stettinlus this week. Supporters of it immediately suggested that President Roosevelt take the proposal along when he meets Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin. Ball Favors It Senator Ball (R., Minn.), told a reporter that if the plan is accepted it might constitute a long step toward bringing about a just peace. It is (3onnally's Idea that when the full dress diplomatic conference agrees, probably this spring, on the terms of a world security organization, that it set up the provisional council to act in an advisory capacity while the long process of treaty ratification is under way. He said that while the temporary group would have no force at its command, it would be backed by the weight of opinion of the UnlteJ Nations In attempting to settle controversial issues on a multilateral rather than unilateral basis. Pace Is Slowed By Fog Offensive Rolls On After 4,000 Planes Yesterday Battered Germans in Retreat Visit of Veterinarian Postponed Till Friday The visit of Xiv. J. W. Lumb, extension veterinarian, to Allen county has been postponed until Friday January 19. He was originally scheduled to speak at 2 p. m. and 8:30 p. m. tomorrow at Humboldt and lola. His talks will be given at the same hours on Friday. Luzon Resort Under Yank Bombardment U. S. Flyers have plastered with bombs the Luzon mountain resort town of Bagulo, summer capital of the Pliilippines, and thought to be the seat pf Japanese leaders on the island. In background of airview above, of Bauglo, taken l*fore the war, can be seen the form er V. S. Army post, Camp Hay. Paris, Jan. 15. (AP)—The American P'irst army drove within a mile and a half today of the communications center of Houffalize, pivot of a new improvised German defense line in the flattening Belgian bulge. Heavy fog, a blindinc snowstorm and a sharp drop In the freezing temperatures slowed the pace of three solidly linked Allied armies elsewhere, and again grounded tactical air forces iate In the day. Clear weather during the morning had permitted .some planes to attack the Germans on the southern part of the salient. The famous Hell on WTieels Second armored division drove closest to Houffalize, striking from the north. Third army troops were a bare three miles .south of the town, and British and Americans were last reported a little more than three miles away from the west. Other First army troops moved within six and a half miles of St. Vith, northern anchor of the new German arc line spread from WiUz northwest to Houffalize and thence northeast to St. Vith. The First and Third armies established contact southeast of Laroche, lopping off another segment of the virtually emptied western end of the salient. Strong German forces including many ;-escued tanks were spotted behind the new line. It was not apparent whether Field Marshal von Rundstedt would try for a stand or use the forces to shield a continued retreat into the shelter of the Siegfried Line. Since the Nazi marshal struck a month ago tomorrow, he has lost at least 37,894 prisoners alone. Gen, Elsenhower's armies have taken 844.891 prisoners since Invading Normandy last June 6. Cross Onrthe River At supreme headquarters, it was said that the Ourthe river lini! which the Germans had hoped to hold had been smashed to smithereens and that Houffalize was in an Allied nutcracker. Beyond the Ourthe, the Salm river line before St. Vith and the German frontier it.self was cracking. West of the Laroche-Bertogne (Continued on Pace 4. No. 3) Say Wage Boost Would Solve Labor Problem Wa.shlngton, Jan. 15. (AP)—Congress was called upon today to substitute higher industrial wages for pending work-or-fight legislation. Spokesman for the American Federation of Labor and the Socialist party told the house military committee that breaking the Little Steel wage formula provides the best means of solving manpower problems. Opposing legislative action to force 4-F's into war plants or uniforms, Lewis G. Hines. AFL legislative representative, said current manpower shortages result from "the low level at which wages have been frozen by the War Labor Board in certain plants." Hines contended that upward adjustment of wages in plants where It is necessary to speed war production would have "no significant inflationary effect." "Clearly this Is a matter for government to decide," he said. "Does it want war production? Or does it think keeping wages frozen at low levels in certain plants is more important?" Speaking for the Socialist party, Albert Hamilton, 31, of Vienna. Va., expressed "absolute opposition" to pending draft proposals. Hamilton said his statement had been approved by Norman Thomas, head of the Socialist party. "If it is desirable for the government to imderwrite the private enterprise system with profit percentages higher tlian ever before to get business men interested in war production, then there would be no comptmctlon about paying decent wages to workers," Hamilton asserted. "Why not break the Little Steel formula now and solve some of the most pressing manpower problems'?" The house military committee is continuing hearings on a meastu-e which would make all deferred selective service registrants between 18 and 45 liable to penalties if they declined to comply with a request to move from non-essential Jobs to war employment. i The house group eaUed the CIO as well as the APL for testimony to- dajr and tomorrow.

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