Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois on April 1, 1897 · Page 14
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Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois · Page 14

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Thursday, April 1, 1897
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iVMPATHY FOR THE GREEKS, SUNDAY'S SUBJECT. th« T«xtt "1 Am Debtor Both t« tJ»« Greek* and to the Barbarian*" — -||»man« l.'i* — Thermopylae and Bnrik- *» sin. ,T this time, when that behemoth of abominations, M o- hammedajoism, a f- i ter having gorged I Itself on the carcasses of a hundred, (thousand Armenians, la trying to 1 put Its paws upon one of the fairest ** of all nations, that ol the Greeks, I preach this sermon 0£ sympathy and protest, for every Intelligent person on this side of the sea, as well as the other side, like Paul, who srrole the text, is debtor to the Greeks. SPhe present" crisis Is emphasized by i£he guns .of the allied powers of Eu- ready to be unllmbered against Hellenes, andjJam asked .to apeak *ees, eat in brilliant Corinth, the great !A.cro-Corlnthus fortress frowning from the height of sixteen hundred and eighty-six feet, and In the house of Galus, where he was a guest, a big pile of money near him, which he was taking to Jerusalem for the poor. In this letter to the Romans, which Chrysostom iftJmlred so much that he had it read to him twice a week, Paul practically aaya: "I, the Apostle, am bankrupt. J owj) what I cannot pay, but I will pay as large a percentage as I can. It is «n obligation for what Greek literature ftad Greek sculpture and Greek archl- tecture and Greek 'prowess have done for me. I will pay all I can in Install- snenta of evangelism. I am Insolvent to the Greeks." Hellas, as the inhabl- tanta call it, or Greece, as we call it, IB Insignificant in size, about a third aa large as the state of New York, but MMt-la^irQ^n"^bteMtIi'ia^makes up ia height, with its mountains Cylene, and Eta; and Taygetus, and Tymphres- tns, each over seven thousand feet In elevation, and its Parnassus, over eight thousand. Just the country for mighty mon to be born in, for in all lands the taqst of the' intellectual and moral lants were not born on the plain, but . ad for cradle the valley between two mountains. That country, no part of -which Is more'than forty miles from the uea, (has made'its .impress upon the world as no other nation, and It today kolds ,a first mortgage of obligation upon all civilized people. While we »nust leave'to statesmanship and di- -plomacy the settlement of the Intrl- cate questions which now involve all Europe, and indirectly all nations, it is time for all churches, all achools, all universities, all arts, all literature to md out in the most emphatic way e declaration, "I am debtor to the "" In the flrst place, we owe to their. tl language our New Testament. All of ^»- !$ WftS flrst written m Greek, except the ^.Book of Matthew, and that, written In K, the Aramean-1anguase,_wasjoon put ^4ato-€reek-<:by.our Savior's brother, y'. J&Bies. To the Greek language we owe £ the best, sermon ever preached, the ^ v t?est letters ever, written, the "best vla- ^- 7 4ona-«vet-klndled^-All-the-parables-in- v' Greek. All the'miracles In Greek. The >,: sermon on the mount In Greek. The fa etory of Bethlehem and Golgotha and ./ Olivet and Jordan banks and Galilean -* Reaches and Pauline embarkation and ||. v JPentecostaI tongues and seven trumpets ? r , .l 0 ** sounded over Patmos, have como t*. w tne world in liquid, symmetric, pic- ^ turesque, philosophic, unrivaled Greek, , ./^, instead of/the gibberlsh_ Janguage —in- gfe'.titMch'inany of the natlpns of the earth ill'at that time Jabbered.. Who can forget 'It and who can exaggerate its thrilling rtarice, that Christ and heaven Introduced to us In the' language the Greeks? the language in which Corner had sung and Sophocles drama- jgtised and Pluto dialogued and Socrates M'tfiseoursed and Lycurgua legislated and 1 Demosthenes thundered his oration on .Crown?" Everlasting thanks to that the waters, of. life were not ed to the world in the unwashed of corrupt languages from which ins had-been drinking, but In the i»brlght, golden lipped, emerald^ ^jaadled,. chalice _^of .the Hellenes, Curtius wrote a whole-volume tut .the'.'Greek verb. Philologists after century haye^been rneas- the symmetry of that language, tden w'th elegy and philippic, drama comedy, Odyssey and Iliad; but grandest .thing that Greek language v ,..r accomplished .was to give to the 'world the penediction, the comfort, the L frrftdltatlon, the salvation of the Gos" of the Son of God. „ For that we are itora to the Greeks, ad while speaking of our philologl- obllgation, let me call your atten- ,^»a to the fact that many of the In- jieilectual and moral and theological >leadera of the ages got much of their $iaclpline and effectiveness from Greek literature. It "ia popular to scoff at the ,flea<3 languages, but 50 per cent of the **"orld'8 Intellectuality would have been iken off If, through learned InstUu- ,4QB8 our young men bad not, under j Competent professors, been drilled in '<jSreete masterpieces. Heslod's "Weeks p&d Days," or the eulogium by Simon- Idea of fhe slain in war, or Pindar's ^"Odea of Victory," or "the Recollec- ^'tJons of Socrates," or "The Art of Words," by Corax, or Xenophon's Ana- From the Greeks the world learned to make history, ^ad there been Heiodotus and Thucydldea, there Id nave been BO Macaulay or Ban- Had there been no Sophocles In y, there would have been no o Ho- wits, who fire rsow or hftvo out on the divine mission" of making th« worSd lauph at the right time, can be traced back to Aristophanes, the Athenian, and many of the jocosities that Are now taken as new had their suggestions twenty-three hundred years ago in the fifty-four comedies of that master of merriment. Grecian mythology has been the richest mine from which orators and essayists hava drawn their Illustrations and painters the themes for their canvas, and although now an exhausted mine, Grecian mythology has done a work that nothing else could have accomplished; Boreas, representing the north wind; Sisyphus, rolling:,the stone up the-hill, only to have the same thing to do over again; Tantalus, with fruits above him that he could not reach; Achilles, with his arrows; Icarus, with his waxen wings, flying too near the sun; the Centaurs, half man and half beast; Orpheus, with his lyre; Atlas, with" the world on his back, all these and more have helped literature, from the graduate's speech on commencement day to Rufus Choate's eulogium on Daniel Webster at Dartmouth. Tragedy and comedy were born in the festivals of Dlonyslus at_Athens.^The lyric- and elegiac and epIc^poetry^pQregce" ~flve hundred years before Christ has its echoes in the Tennysons, Longfeilows and Bryants of eighteen and nineteen hundred years after Christ. There is not an effective pulpit or editorial chair or professor's room or cultured parlor or Intelligent farmhouse today in America or Europe that could not appropriately employ Paul's ejaculation and say, "I am debtor to the Greeks." The fact is this, Paul had got much of his oratorical power of expression from the Greeks. That he had studied their literature was evident, when standing in the presence of an audience of Greek scholars on Mars' Hill, which overlooks Athens, he dared to quote from one-of their own Greek poets.elther Cleanthus or Aratus, declaring, "As certain also of your own poets have said, 'for wo are also his offspring.'" And he made accurate quotation. J31eantb.ua,^one.. of the poets, having written: "For we thine offspring are. All things that creep Are but the echo of the voice divine." And Aratus, one of their-own poets, bad written: - .'*> i • "Doth care perplex? Is lowering danger nigh? * ' We are his offspring, and to Jove wo fly." It was rather a risky thing for'Paul to attempt to quote extemporaneously from a poem in a language foreign to his, and before Greek scholars, but Paul did it without stammering, and then acknowledged before the most distinguished audience on the planet his indebtedness to the Greeks, crying out in his oration, "As one of your own poets has said." ' -j-Eurtbermoreriall-the-world- la -obligated to Hellas-more than it can ever pay for its heroics in the cause of lib-, erty and right. United Europe today had not better think that the Greeks will not fight. .There may be fallings. "bac"k and vacillations and temporary defeat, but if Greece is right all Europe cannot put her down. The other nations, before they open the port-holes of their men-of-war against that small kingdom had better read of the battle of Marathon, where ten thousand Athenians, led on by Mlltiades, triumphed over one hundred thousand of their enemies. At that time in Greek council of war five generals were for beginning the battle and five were against it. Calllmachus presided at the council of war and had the deciding vote, and _Mj|Uad_ej_addresse_d_lilm. saying: ' "It 'now rests with you, Callimachus. either to enslave Athens, or by insuring her freedom, to win yourself an Immor- of Marathon, where ten thousand Athenians, led on by Miltiades, triumphed danger as they are at this moment. If they bow the knee to these Medes, they are to be 'given up to Hijjplas, and you know what they will then have to suffer; but if Athens comes victorious out of this contest, she has it in her power to become the flrst city of Greece. Your vote is to 'decide whether we are to Join battle or not. If we do not bring on a battle presently, some factious intrigue will disunite, the Athenians and the city will-be betrayed to the Medes, but if we fight before there is anything rotten in the. state of Athens, I believe that, provided the gods will give fair flelijl and no favor, we are able to get the best of it in the engagement." That won the vote of Calllmachus, and soon the battle opened, and in full run the men of Miltiades fell upon the Persian hosts, shouting, "On! Sons of Greece! Strike for the freedom of your country! Strike for. the freedom of your children and your wives, for the shrines of-your father's gods, and for the sepulchres of your sires! All, all are pow staked on the strife." While only one hundred and ninety-two Greeks fell, six'thousand four hundred Persians lay dead upon the field, and many of the Asiatic hosts .who took to the war vessels in the harbor were consumed in the shipping. Persian oppression was rebuked, Grecian liberty was achieved, the cause of civilization was advanced, and the western world and all nations have felt the heroics. Had there been no Miltiades, there might have been no Washington. Also at Thermopylae, three hundred Greeks, along a road only wide'enough for a wheel track between a mountain and a marsh, died rather than surrender. Had there been no Thermopylae, there might have been no Bunker Hill. The echo of Athenian and Spartan'he- roics was heard at the gates of Lucknow, and Sebaatopol, and .Baunock- burn, and Lexington, an'd Gettysburg. ' Cnarta, and Declara- of .AmTjcfin Ini}<T*" l '' A * v <''*. **"? tho f.or,f: of Robert Bjirns, entitl**1, "A Mnn'fi a Man for is' That," irere only the long-continued reverberation of what was said and done twenty centuries before in that little kingdom that the powers of Europe are $*•$ Imposing upon. Greece having again and again shown that ten men in the right are stronger than a hundred men In the wrong, the heroics of Leonldas and Arlstldea and Theraistocles will not cease their mission until the last man on earth is aa free as God made him. There is not on either Bide of the Atlantic today a republic that cannot truthfully employ the words of the text and say. "I am debtor to the.Greeks." But there is a better y?ay to :pay them; and that is by their personal salvation, which will never come to them through books Or through learned presentation, because in literature and intellectual realms they are masters. They can out-argue, out-qiibte, out- dogmatize you. Not through the gate of the head, but through the gate of the heart, you may capture them. When men of learning and might are brought to God they are .brought by simples story of what religion can do for a soul. They have lost children. Oh,-tell- them- how Christ comforted you when you lost your bright boy or blue-eyed girl. 1 They have found life a struggle. Oh, tell them how Christ has helped you all the way through. They are in bewilderment. Oh, tell them with how many hands of Joy heaven beckons, you upward. "When Greek meets Greek, then comes the tug of war," but when a warm-hearted Christian meets a man who.needs pardon and sympathy and comfort and eternal life, tben comes victory. If you can, by some Irr.ldent of self-sacrifice, bring to such scholarly 'men and women what Christ has done for their eternal rescue, you may bring them in. Where Demosthenic eloquence and Homeric Imagery would fail, a kindly heart-throb may_ succeed. A gentleman of this city sends me the statement of what occurred a few days ago among, the mines of British Columbia. It sterna jhat__Frank jggnaon and Jem Stnit were d'own~ln~iBe~jiarrow shaft Jbf,a mine. They had loaded an iron^Klcket with ccral, and Jim Hemsworth, standing above ground, was hauling the bucket up by windlass, wh,en the windlass broko and the loaded bucket was descending upon the ( $wo miners. Theri Jim Hemsworth, seeing what must be certain deith to the miners beneath, threw hlm^lf against the cogs of the whirling windlass, and though his flesh was torn and his bones were broken, be st/.pped the whirling windlass and arrested the descending bucket and saved the lives of the two miners beneath. The superintendent of the mine flew to. the rescue and blocked the machinery. When Jim Hemsworth's bleeding and broken body was put on a litter and carried homeward, and some one eyr.laimed: "Jim, this Is awful!" he repliedr "Oh, what's" the difference so long as I saved the boys!" What an illustration is was of suffering for OthcrSi^and whaLaJextJronLwhicli to illustrate the behavior of our Christ, limping and lacerated and broken and torn and crushed in the work of sjop- plng the descending ruin that would have destroyed our souls! *Try such^a scene of vicarious 'suffering as this on that man capable of overthrowing all your arguments for the truth, and-he will sit down and weep. Draw your 11- lustratlons from the classics, and It is "to him an old. story7~but Leyden Jars" and electric batteries and telescopes and Greek drama will all surrender to the story of. Jim Hemsworth's, "Oh,what's the difference so long as I saved the boys?" : Tben if your illustration of Christ's self-sacrifice,drawn fi*om some scene of today.and your story of what Christ has done for you'does -not quite fetch him Into the right way, Just say to him, "Professor—'Doctor—Judge! Why was it that Paul declared be was a debtor to the Greeks?" Ask your learned friend ; to take his Greek Testament and translate for you, in .his own way, from Greek Into English, the splendid peroration of Paul's sermon on Mars Hill, unfler the power of which the scholarly Dionysius surrendered, namely: "Tbe times of this Ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men everywhere 'to repent: because he hath appointed a day in the which he will Judge the world in rigliteousness, by that man whom be hath ordained; whereof be hath given assurance, unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dp-.d." By the time he has got through the translation from the Greek I tbink you willsee his lip tremble and there will come a pallor on his face like the pallor on the sky at daybreak. By the eternal salvation of that scholar, that great thinker, that splendid man, you will ^have done something to belp pay .your indebtedness to the Greeks. And now to God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost, be honor and glory, and dominion and victory and song world without end. Amen. No Two Religious. There never were two true religions. Every true Jew is at heart a Christian. The word Christ is only another form of the Hebrew word Messiah. • Botb. mean the anointed.-'-All-Hebrews who believe in the Messiah may be called— if I may make a word—Messlafoana, which is Just another word for Christians. Judaism is the gray dawn of the morning; Christianity, properly understood, is the sun at noonday.— Rev. R. S. MacArthur. • The Labor Problem. There will be no relief from growing poverty and distress unt.il millions now shut away get back to the eoll and become producers. The isolation of tbe labor problem lies at the end of this road.—Rev. A. J. Wells. The Furrowing Sown. The BOW that is bred in autumn needs especial care during the winter months if good pigs are expected, says a writer in Colman's Rnral World. Very many pigs are lost through the Improper care of the sows, and with hogs selling at present prices', the farmer cannot run the risk of losing any of the young pigs through neglect. The unnatural habit of the ^0w trying to Destroy her young comes largely from Improper diet, and unsanitary surroundings. If the mother is feverish and abnormally excited it is Impossible to say what she will do, ^even toward her young offspring., 'infanticide Is not uncommon among human beings that are surrounded by filth and unsanitary conditions, and we cannot wonder that some of^our poor brutes have the same desire when we consider the life they have to lead. The ration of the farrowing sows should be generously jvar_ rled, and only sufficient corn be-glvea to generate enough heat to resist the cold. In the summer time they need scarcely any corn, but the conditions are different In winter. The animal ehould not be fattened, for this causes fever at the farrowing time, and makes the mother frenzied. A reasonable amount of food is apt to make the animals fat unless given a fair amount of exercise in the open air. If the eows will not take this of their own free will they should be driven about gently. This exercise will keep her muscles hard and" in splendid order, and It Is the muscular system that must resist the plan of farrowing chiefly. As the farrowing time approaches separate the sows from the other hogs, so that they will not be worried or unduly chased around. Give them clean straw for 'bedding, and clean out their pens every few days to make their con^^ corif should Tbe glven~now; FeeiT ly on loose slops, so that costlveness will not result. This In one of the dangers of the 'farrowing time, and causes fever and other trouble. On the contrary, she should not bo allowed 'to grow eo loose as to cause weakness. The Judgment of the owner must be exorcised in such a case. Give the animal all the water she' needs, for she Will become more or less feverish as the time approaches. When the pigs have been born the mother needs the most care. Give her all the water, she wants, and keep standing in th.e pen a few handfuls of bran and middlings stirred In water. She should not toe forced to eat. Let her 'eat when ehe feels like It. The pigs for the first few days will require very little to eat. By the time the pigs begin to eat much she should be fed more liberally, and in a week or two she should be living, on full rations. She should have all the milk producing food-she- wants. ;to eat then. Sea that thcTswill is-clean- and sweet, and not sour. The latter will cause scours and other bowel trouble. If the sow .appears feverish and shows _ajdes'ire to injure her' young_ ones~EeFb¥ck sh~blfld~be coolecVpIth a cloth saturated with ctfal oil. Eve'n cold water. Is beneficial. EiBentlula of a Dairy Farm. ment bulletin makes the following summary of 'what la essential In the successful operation of a dairy faj-m: A roomy, clean, dry, light and well ventilated stable or cow house. To produce good milk, cows must be comfortable, and these conditions not only add to their comfort, but are abeolutely necessary to keep them in the best of health. Healthy and clean cows, which appear well fed and contented. An abundance of pure water to which cows Ttre given access at least twice a day. Feed of good quality, the grain and coaree fodder should be free from dirt, decay or a musty condition. A spirit of kindness towards ''the stock, exhibited'Jjy every one employed about them, and gentleness of ithe animals themselves. Provision for washing and sterilizing or scalding of utensils which come in contact with milk. Provision for straining, aerating and cooling' the milk in a clean atmosphere. free from all stable and other odors. This treatment should take place immediately after i.he milk is drawn, from each cow. Facilities for storing milk and keep- Ing it cold. Especially great cleanliness In regard to everytihirig connected with the dairy. The atmosphere of the stable should ' be pure and free from dust when milking is (being done. Employes should carefully -wipe the udders and wash their hands before milking, and should be in clean clothes. Whitewash Is a good disinfectant 1 ,* and should be seen in many more Btablea, and land plaster Bhould 'be sprinkled about "to absorb moisture and odors. New Sheep. — The. agricultural department of the University ot California" Is raising' a hew "kind of sheep. The superintendent of the experiment station at Paso Robles has succeeded in breeding a variety of sheep that will mean much to the wool and meat markets. It is tbe result of the cross breeding of Persian and Merino. Experiments along the earn a lines, though not' BO complete, were conducted by George Washington with marked advantage. — Ex.' : The heaviest Ramboulllet ileece of record weighed 60 pounds at 17 months and 10 days' growth, and was taken from a three-year-old Bl&co-Roberta- Glide California raw. The Hayes Planters, The Thomas Disc, The Sattley Spring Lift Riding Cultivator, TheSattleySpringLifbWalkingCultivator, The Corn Queen and Maiden Cultivator, The Hummer Sulky and G-ang, The HustlerSully and G-ang, = =^ T The Superior Force Feed Seeder, The Gale Steel Lever Harrow, ' .; The Weber Wagon, The Aermotor Windmill, The Meyer's Pumps and Cylinders, And a full line of Buggies, Carriages and CO E BROS. To Those in Need of $ v Disk Harrows and Corn Planters. We are prepared to offer the farmers in this vicinity exceptional bargains in DISK HARROWS and CORN PLANT- r • . • ERS, furnishing machines that are unequalled for simplicity, durability, and superior quality of work, and urge that all parties interested call and inspect our samples and get our figures for Cash, before making purchases of goods in this line. :::::::::: CO; TJiE^TERLINQ-SIANDARD,- Job Printing and Book Binding. Work Unexcelled. Prices Reasonable. Office Thoroughly Equipped for aircrasses of Work. The New York Weekly Tribune FOB EVERY member of EVERY family on EVERY farm, in EVERY village, in EVERY State or Territory. FOR Education, FOR Noble Manhood, FOR True Womanhood. IT GIVES all important news of the Nation. IT GlVES all important news of tbe World, IT GIVES the most reliable market reports. IT GIVES brilliant and instructive editorials. _JT GIVES fascinating short stories. IT GIVES an unexcelled agricultural department. IT GIVES scientific and mechanical information. IT GlvfiS illustrated fashion articles, IT GIVES humorous illustration It GIVES entertainment to young and old. IT GIVES satisfaction ever} where to every body. We Furnish "THE STANDARD" and "N. Y, WEEKLY TR1BUHE' • ONE YEAR FOR $1.75. Gash in Advance. THE STANDARD, Address all orders to Write your wuuie »ud addregu ou a poutul eai-d, c«a4 it to Oeo. W, Bi)st,1'rHjuu« SuM leg, »e>v York City, aud » sample coyy ef VUM NKW VOKJtt WKBJKtX *»JBUHM trill be mulled to you. _ '

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