A-4 Alton Evening leiegraph Wednesday, January 6, 1BY1 Editorials . . . What we think about... Topic is top priority East Alton's request for $4,000 for a study Of its police department is a worthwhile effort. Several years ago, Alton had a team of experts analyze its police operation. We suggest the entire criminal justice structure of other aroa communities should be reviewed in the process. The Illinois State Chamber of Commerce has distributed a Community self-evaluation questionnaire which touches on some of these areas and is available to the public. Its survey has revealed law and order, crime and delinquency are the domestic subject ranking among the highest in the minds of the citizenry. We're sure this is true in every Telegraph area community. Thus, East Alton's study and a review Of Alton's are timely. The questionnaire covers police, courts and state's attorney, probation, jails. The only way procedures will be improved is for continual updating to be done. We commend Mayor Frank Keasler of East Alton on efforts with Donald McPherson, chairman of the law enforcement committee, and a former policeman, to have the opera I ion reviewed. It is certain to benefit East Alton and the area. On another law enforcement topic, in connection with resignation of Chief Probation Officer James .1. Reidelberger set for March 1, we suggest a review of operations of this important office for the public's consumption and understanding. We feel Reidelberger's leaving is regrettable in spite of the possibility of minor blots on his record as a result of the juvenile detention home's operation. Many of the faults lie in understaffed, underpaid probation and juvenile officers. It is difficult for most taxpayers to reali/e how vital this office is in returning young first, offenders to society with supervision, rather than letting them become hardened criminals through exposure in prisons or extended jail stays. We wonder how the office would stack up if the services were reviewed. A well-financed, well staffed probaMon find juvenile office is a must in the spectrum of the system of justice. Police thin skinned? It's doubtful that local police would ever over-react as did their state association against a child's book that pictured pigs in uniform as the author sought to tell a simple stoiy. In the end it will probably be pretty well indicated that the Illinois Police Association made an error in its over-reaction: Requesting that the book be banned. It's likely to work out into broader dispensation of the book's contents than if it were left quietly on library shelves to \voo its own otherwise restricted audience. Not that it's a harmful book, aside from the possibly unfortunate parallelisms. Perhaps a more beneficial course of ac- I ion for the IPA would have been to encourage selection of some of its more literate local representatives 1o carry the book onto children's reading groups — by way of showing their good sportsmanship and willingness to kid themselves a bit. eviewing law and order . .. Children's books .. * Nixon trying harder i President Nixon, it appears, is learning something abijmt his relations with the news media. The suggestions he solicited — and received — at his Dec. 10 televised general news conference may have begun surfacing in his intervi journalists Mcnday. Many of ihe suggestions from newspaper journalists, for instance, leaned toward a modified separation of his television and his print media press conferences, and a step- down in theii lion. would open better organiz of the Presic ?\v with four electronic media glamorization and dramatiza- The two, combined, urge, their advocates, he way toward a less tense, trg, and more thorough quizzing ent at his new conferences by journalists pn sent. We hope the TV-exclusive interview Monday night is setting the stage for further experiments with broader sectors of the media. The limitation of interviewers to four outstanding representatives of TV eliminated much of thp confusing and 'diversionary tactics made possible for both President and reporters at the wideopen conferences, and led to a calmer in-depth discussion of the questions at hand. By contrast, a gloves off open news conference, without the need for being fitted into Ihe pressure and the incentive to show off arising under televised circumstances, could well inject more sense and more thorough followup questioning by reporters. Such a conference could still be filmed, and made subject to editing. It could also extend longer if need arose, than one fitting into the live TV framework. We like even the suggestion of one new figure, Minis Thompson, president of United Press International. He' pointed to the procedure in Bonn, West Germany. There the press corps designates a journalist chairman of the conference. This chairman, rather than the President, recognizes questions and presumably could lead the group more thoroughly into a real search for the guts of the information sought from the high executive. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY Readers' forum Christian needed 'Long hair or not, he's getting more attractive!' To what can I compare the preacher of today? Perhaps they are like children sitting in the market place. They're shouting at one another. One says: "We played wedding music for you, but you would not dance! We sang funeral songs, but you would not cry! We're people that today cannot feel. We're automatons. We don't know what we want. When someone feels, we reel in. We are afraid we might get involved with another human being. Disraeli said: 'Never apologize for showing feeling. Remember that, when you do so, you apologize for truth.' " Our youth today haven't been apologizing for truth. They are full of feeling and concern about life. They are concerned about the quality of life and not just the quantity. They are concerned about the quality of relations between man and wife, between brother and sister with the future in the hands of the younger 'generation, perhaps the world might be a better place to live. We will have to wait and see. The other day 1 had an agnostic say to me: "Preachers and Christians are like silly schoolboys. They never grow up. They remain in the stage of permanent adolescense. Bothering their heads about things thai preoccupy teenagers. They're not able to live because they're too busy thinking about death and God and truth and mysticism and all the rest of it; too busy thinking about sins and trying to commit them and then disappointed because they're not succeeding." After my open letter to Joe Madison a woman from the East Alton area wrote me. "I am convinced that some of our most serious problems are abetted and perpetuated by organized religion, as for example racism. The church in my lifetime and for many generations before that has not contributed significantly — in fact, has acted as a brake upon—most of the reforms proposed and ultimately enacted to ameliorate some of the ills that beset the mass of people." What do you think? To the world today the Christian has a poor image. Why? Are we doers of the word? How many hours last week did you spend doing humanized work? We leave many Americans In extreme isolation. We put the mental patients, criminals, handicapped children, policeman, low Income families and others out of the mainstream of society. All these individuals need support and understanding by those in the community with whom they live, work, and search for acceptance. I placed the policeman in this list. How many of us try to get the overworked police officer Into our social and religious activities. We treat the man in blue like he was a leper. Why? Christian, you're needed! I hope you will, in 1971, volunteer your time, money, and heart and help another human being. The woman who wrote me had said there are too few humanists to be found in the organized orthodox religious sects. Which is perhaps true. We most certainly could do better. My thanks to all who have given themselves to another in 1970: The Candy-Stripers, Scout leaders, institutional volunteers and the thousands who responded to the need of a neighbor. To all of you thanks and a Happy New Year. Keep up the good work. You are making this a belter place lo live. Perhaps in 1971 we all should resolve to emphasize the good. We all would be better off. Why not start by taking two minutes to tell another person all the good things you like about yourself. You'll find thai you can go on for half an hour finding faults with yourself, but it's quite hard to go on for two minutes finding good things. It's a matter of habit, isn't il? ROBERT L. LIESEN, Ilardin, III. Salute to Memorial Just a salute to Alton Memorial Hospital. Over the Christmas holidays each door, corner, everywhere one looked, was some soil of decoration or scene with a lot of thought behind it. Having a family member as a patient during this time made me appreciate the efforts of all those involved with such a fine hospital. Somehow when entering the building and seeing all these reminders of Christmas, my faith was strengthened for each patient spending such a blessed time in a hospital room. MRS. PAMELA GRAY, 2901 Utah PI. mm^mmr- • **^ v f'/Kp r **'-J < f/.\V-: 1 - 1 . V^ 1 .*, ^ •' • Jack Anderson l\laf ia operates loan racket in capital WASHINGTON - A federal grand jury has discovered lhat. Mafia overlords in New York City are running a loan racket in the nation's capital with shylock rates collected by muscle men. Borrowers who don't meet their payments are threatened with maiming and murder. The hush-hush grand jury, operating out of the squat federal courthouse on Washington's historic Pennsylvania Avenue, has also heard sworn testimony about extortion, grand larcency and contraband smuggling. Evidence has been presented to the grand jury that underworld funds have been shunted to Washington for the shylock racket. Enormous sums have been traced from Charles "Fuffi" lUvezzo, -identified as an underling of the notorious Cosa Nostra gangster Carmine "The Doctor" Lombardozzi; the old Carlo Gambino machine, a crime hierarchy now in disarray j from internal bickering and tough enforcement; and Paul Coppola, a New Haven mobster convicted of tax violalions. The secret Washington Mind your money « Phony claims of long wear' tires By PETER WEAVER "Tire advertising claims for long tread wear: are usually overinflated while the actual tires themselves are often underinflaled." So says a panel of tire d e a 1 e rs , government inspectors and others 1 interviewed to find out what, tires arc best to order with new cars and what, are best. to use as replacements. Mosl new cars these days come equipped with bias- belled tires that either have fiberglass or rayon cords running through tho "belts" under the tread. These are definitely belter than the previous, plain-bias tires which had no reinforcing belts. Unfortunately, a few tire advertisers have misled the Forum- writers, note, Tho T o I e K r a p h prono oxpretwloiift of lln roall- or's u \v H opinions. Writers' niumiM uiul lutdroMies muni be |Mil>lislu>d with thrlr letters. Contributions Nhould liu concise, preferably not exceeding I no words, und uru subjoci to conUciiNUtlon. public into believing that bias- belted tires, especially those with I'igerglass cords, will last. 40,000 miles. Some will last that long, under careful driving conditions, but ihe vasl majority will not. Couple these puffed - up mileage claims with the fact that the average driver pays only scant attention to air- inflation levels and you get an average tread wear for bias-belted tires of only 18,000 to 20,000 miles. You can even hear screams from outraged drivers who get less than 10,000 miles wear. This low mileage usually comes from driving at freeway speeds on tires that are way un- derinflated (20 11). pressure when they should be 20 to 28). When you order a new car, ask the dealer to install "radial" tires. Some dealers will put these longer lasting tires on at cost. If not, drive your car into a reputable tire dealer and have him exchange radials for the original tires. Shop around for prices. There arc discounts all over the place. When you buy a new car you can accepl the original equipment tires and, if you take care of them, you'll gel fairly good wear. Or, you can Iry an alternative plan which several panel members suggest will give much belter wear. This "change - over" will cost around $150 to $175 extra which seems like a lot. of money to replace new car tires with other new tires. But lei's look at the economics of it. Radials should lasl about twice as long as the bias- belted original equipment tires. With original equipment tires, you'd probably have lo get a new set of four at around 20,000 miles. This would cost $150 to $175 — the same as the extra price you would have paid to install radials. Aside from the extra mileage, radials have a unique strength and flexibility which keeps more tire tread on the road during turns. Radials have proven to be stronger and safer for high- speed freeway driving. If radials are good tires for new cars, should you get them as replacements for an older car's tires? Not necessarily. Because of llreir longevity, you mighl be making a present of them to an auto dealer when you trade your car in. • If you plan to drive your car 25,000 miles or more after you replace tires and plan lo do a considerable amount of freeway driving, radials can be sensible replacements, Olherwise you're better oft! getting Ihe less cosily bias- bells. There are Iwo kinds of radial lires sold today. One kind has a nelwork of fine steel-wire cords reinforcing the bells underneath Ihe tread. The olher has rayon or fiberglass cords for rein forcing. Everyone on m> panel said the steel-core radials lasted longer than the fabric-cord radials. Michclin, a French comi pany, sells steel reinforced! radials that can last from 45,000 to 55,000 miles J Michelln also makes Ihe Searsj Al 1 s I a I e radial. investigalion was touched off by our report on Nov. 6. 1969, about a threatened Mafia takeover of a major East Coast fireworks dealer. We ' have kepi silent aboul Ihe i n v e s I i g a I i o n to give authorities a chance to subpoena and question witnesses. Bul Ihe secrecy is now threatened by an underworld feud, blazing with charges of de^th threats, over the hijacking of an $8,000 load of fireworks in Washington. A former Mafia courier and a Mafia-bankrolled businessman are hurling accusalions at each olher lhat may expose the secret grand jury. We have decided, therefore, to break Ihe story. * The grand jury is directed by Harold Sullivan, the racket-busting assistant U.S. attorney who has already prosecuted one Mafia-infested narcotics case in Washington. His investigalion has been aided by sworn information turned up by U.S. grand juries both in New York and Connecticut. A key witness before the Washington grand jury has been fireworks magnate Bernard F. Semel, an ex- convict, friend and business acquaintance of Coppola. Semel is also a friend of Rep. Bob Giaimo, D-Conn., another Coppola intimate. Giaimo's name has come up repeatedly in the investigation, but no evidence of criminal violalions by the congressman has been uncovered. Witnesses, however, have confirmed our stories of Giaimo's favors lo Semel, Coppola and lo Iwo Mafia couriers whom Giaimo tries to save from the Army. Giaimo has admitted the favor bul claimed he knew nothing of their Mafia ties. Besides the fireworks industry, Ihe grand jury has heard testimony that the Mafia Iried lo penetrate transportation and souvenir businesses in Washington. Indeed, Mafia men operate literally in the shadow of the Capitol and across the street from the FBI. We have pored over records of Mafia-front firms, watched Mafia Cadillacs pull brazenly up to businesses and spoken to grand jury witnesses. My associate Les Whilten has kepi late-night trysts with Mafia informants. More findings will be published in fulure columns. Foolnote: Both Sullivan and Semel declined comment. The Internal Revenue Service has now joined in the investigalion of the Howard Hughes mystery. The federal bloodhounds don't really care where the eccentric billionaire is hiding. They just want to make sure, in Ihe scramble over his fabulous fortune, that Ihe federal taxes are paid. There is documentary evidence, for example, thai aides who handled Hughes' mining purchases skinned him out of several million dollars. Robert Maheu, the deposed czar of Hughes' Nevada gambling empire, uncovered the embezzlemenl and reported il to him in a memo. Bul the scandal was hushed up. The tax agents are also investigaling Maheu's high living. He has been slaying in a $500,000 home, wilh limousines, a private plane and a boat at his call. But the title to everything, it turns out, is the Howard Hughes' name. Maheu : s personal holdings are startlingly modest. Maheu, meanwhile, has got private investigators searching high and low for the missing billionaire. Other private eyes, working for Maheu's rivals, are digging for dirt on Maheu. An added assortment of lawyers, lawmen and newsmen are engaged in the great Hughes hunt. The tax agents may get lost in the crowd. John Cunniff Sullivan tops establishment NEW YORK (AP) — In being named a direclor of the mighty General Motors Corp., the world's largest industrial empire, Dr. Leon Howard Sullivan, has earned acceptance from what many people consider "the establishment's peak. Less than a decade ago, however, Sullivan was distrusted and avoided by many Philadelphia white businessmen, who neared the black minister's advocacy of selective patronage. As originally expounded, Sullivan's philosophy had a simple goal: "Don'l buy where you can't work." Bui it has evolved inlo more a g g re s s i v e 1 y positive programs, and white cooperation has grown simultaneously. < Perhaps best known of his programs is the Opportunities Industrialization Centers of America, an organization with 90 branches, all devoted to training blacks and other minorities for work in business and industry. Sullivan is widely known and respected in Ihe lop echelons of industry, and has as associates and advisers some of the best known names in corporate life. While there seems little doubl that pressures from minority groups had much to do with his selection, executives familiar with Sullivan's record feel he is highly qualified on the basis of business experience and acumen alone. After a harrowing year in which one brokerage house after anolher loppled inlo liquidation, Wall Streeters believe thai the beginning of a firm foundation are finally being laid beneath the securities induslry. Few officials, eilher on the government or the industry side, now Iry lo hide Ihe incredible mismanagement and structural weakness that led to the 1970 debacle and Ihrealened to bring the entire induslry down. While Ihere remains a long road lo be traveled before the confidence of individuals in their brokers is restored— mosl of Ihe recent heavy trading has been by institution—sings indicate that the stock market will be a safer haven for small investors lhan il has been in Ihe past Chief of the changes is the passage by Congress of the Securities Investor Proleclion Act, which will lead to the creation of a nonprofit corporation to insure customers for up to $50,000 each if a broker fails to meet his obligations to them. What they did th^n — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear 25 years ago JANUARY G, 1946 Tentative list of graduates in Alton High School's midyear commencement were Donald Allred, Charlene Ash, Rodney Bailey, Stella Blasiola, Phyllis Bower, Bonnidel Brooks, Donald Brooks, Idella Brown, Charles Bur, Pauline Ceppanali, Virginia Cbessick, Marcella Clayton, Mildred Conyear, Marjori Corder, Billie Corn, Frank Duncan, Virginia Ebburt, Mary Bccles, Don Fable, Dorothy Fessler, Estelle FteWbw, Dennlson Fost, Pete Fuchs, Jr; Phyllis NVford, Gwen Henricks, Dale Johnson, Roger Kriurd, Ethel Betlie Eileen Lagemann, Ed Luddecke, •MTtfe* Luedecke, Rose Lukeman, Robert McGhee, 1 ' Morrow, Ruby Norton, Burton Morwood, Dorothy Mitchell, Clarence Mitchell, Shirley Moore, (ii-orge Morrow, Ruby Norton, Bruton Morwood, Dorothy Mossberger, Louis Oehler, Kathryn Paddock, Vcrnon Penning, Donald Peters, Bernard Price, Russell Pullen, Vivian Reed, Robert Reis, William Reynolds, Christena Riner, Elizabeth Russell, Ed Scharth, Leonard Scheibe. Frank Schotters, Donald Sdirimpf Virgil Scott, Marjori Sigler, Raymond Skelton, Patricia Smith, Patsy Stout, Bud Taylor, Robert Thompson, Fred Tickner, Robert Timpe, Kenneth Titchenal, Blanche Weiss, Juanita Warner, Carroll Wells, Norma Whiltlcman, Lois Wilings, and Norma Wooff. Sgt. Stanley W. Koenig, with the 316th Bomb Wing VH in Okinawa had become a sports broad- caster for the recently base-established radio station. ik> also produced, three times weekly, a skit for broadcasting through the 18 other stations located on the island. Von and Hurley Conrad of Alton, World War II veterans, bought the Godfrey Elevator Co. to take over control on Feb. 1. 50 years ago JANUARY 6, mi The California slate Senate Committee on Federal Relations reported out favorably a joint resolution requesting the United Stales government lo avoid concluding a tfeaty with Japan which might extend citizenship rights for Japanese nullifying Ihe state's alien luw. The federal government continued efforts to tighten dowi prohibition law enforcement. In New York an investigation disclosed withdrawal and illicit sale of $2,750,000 worth of whiskey on forged federal permits. In Chicago the assistant U.S. attorney filed in district court a petition for closing down four established breweries charged with manufacturing beer of higher than one half of one per cent alcohol content. The Citizens National Bank announced it was filing suit against the Kinloch Telephone Co. for £14,000 which tie bank charged it suffered in damages because of tlu utility's failure to vacate third floor premises in the bank's old building. Delay in razing of the old building and beginning of work on the new one had run up construction costs, the bank said. Kinloch, in turn, had been delayed in moving by slow completion of ils own new structure. The new school building being completed in the Yager Park area was named Clara Barton by the board of education, in conformity wilh its policy of applying names of nationally prominent persons to its buildings. Clara Barton was the founder and tirst president of the American Red Cross. The action ended long debate over application to the new building of the S. B. Gillham name given the structure being razed. One riverman reported a remarkable increase in the markel for apple cider he had made and barged down river to the city. Originally he had been selling it for 35 cents a gallon, but as expenses for operating through' the increase he raised the price to SO cents.
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