The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland on August 18, 1939 · Page 4
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The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 4

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Friday, August 18, 1939
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fOUR IStS) Published every evening except Sunday by The Mail Publishing? Company. 25 Summit Avenue. Hafrers- lown, Maryland. I. A, HAWKEN Editor Burke Jfational Advertising: Representatives: THE DAILY MAIL, HAGERSTOWN, MD., FRIDAY, AUGUST 18, 1939. WELLS-FARGO In the memory of any one who grew up in the- West during the pre-World War period, the name Wells, Fargo will strike a nostalgic note. The great express company, long after the completion of transcontinental railroads was an institution which seemed, especially to lurke^ Kuipers & Mahoney. Inc. small boys, of little less importance Kew York, 1203 Graybar Building: ^ .. _ . „ rt ncagro. 203 North Wabash Avenue: than the Lmt-ed States postal ser- tlanta^ieoi Rhodes-Haverty Build- i r . vi CG. And even boys who, perhaps, never saw the horse-drawn wagons labeled "Wells, Fargo & Co."—who grew up during those times in the far-off East—learned about Buffalo Bill- through often surreptitious reading of the paper-backed books which fitted nicely into a school geography. The express company saw its be- Ins;: Dallas. S07 Southwestern Life Building;: Oklahoma City. 55S First National Building-. Address all communications to The Daily Mail Editorial, Business or Circulation Department not to individuals. •. E. PHILLIPS... .General Manager C. A P. Phone 104-105-106 lame numbers reach all departments jfember Auctit Bureau of Circulation SUBSCRIPTION RATES (All Subscription Rates Payable in Advance) •ingle Copy „... 03 One Month 55 One Tear (by carrier) ".... s'oa , . ; y Mail'<Up-to>Fourth Zone).. 6.09 ! Smnings in 193S, although it did .Fourth, Ftfth and Sixth Zones! S*50 1 Seventh and Eighth Zones 9:5 Entered at the postoffice at Ha as 2nd class matter Dec. •EMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRBfS The Associated Press Is *xclus lyelv entitled to the use of publica tion/of all news dispatches credlte* to it or not otherwise credited it this paper and also local news pub listed therein. All rights of publi cation of apacial dinpatches h«r«lc Era also Living In The Dark "The average European does not- know what is happening in Europe," remarks' a leading critic. That is one of the •penalties>£a controlled press. Otilyln Britain,-.France, Switzerland and the Scandinavian countries is it possible to get even a fairly accurate 'i-dea of current trends. The: newspapers of Germany, Italy, and Russia are so definitely under the heels of their respective governments that news out of- harmony with ideological preconceptions is never published. Arid here we have one more fact- that should enhance the loyalty and devotion of the American people to a democratic ideal predicated upon the principles of free speech, free press, free assembly and free enterprise-under a constitutional government. ' SCOFF LIBERAL LABEL Severely frowned upon by their •uperibr's in the Republican party have been suggestions of Representative Bruce Bartin, Alf M. Landon, Senator Nye and Kenneth Simpson that the G. 0. P. consider the propriety of placing a liberal in nomination for the Presidency next year. Senator Arthur H. Tanden- berg has grown progressively more ultra-conservative in his utterances both on and off the Senate floor and even in his foray out in the wheat belt House Floor Leader Josepir W. Martin said that "any kind" of-& nominee "would suit our purpoge." G. O. P. National Chairman John 3X M. Hamilton and Senator Robert A. T*tt, hare been treating this nibj«ct with emphatic nonchalance. According to.the vigorously anti- Roosevelt Cincinnati Post, the chairman, interviewed in the office of John B. Hollister, Senator Taft's law partner, said that "whoever the Republicans nominate will be elected." "Mr. Hamilton was asked," the Post account continues, "whether th« Republican candidate would have to be a libsx-al or conservative to bring victory and he answered 'I never-discuss liberals or conservatives. I don't know what they mean.'" Interviewed by the Akron Beacon- Journal (Rep.), Senator Taft was described as "bitterly opposed to New Deal spending" and "flatfootedly against any continuation of the PWA program beyond the end of the fiscal year in July, 1330." "As for the G. 0. P. selecting a liberal or old guard candidate," the Akron paper concludes, "Taft asked: 'What's the difference? Republicans are generally agreed on policy except for farm relief and even the New Dealers aren't agreed on that.'" H. G. WELLS sees civilization coming to an end in "the disease- soaked ruin of a slum." It sounds like a John Lewis description of his Washington surroundings,' WE never get over our amazement that the CCC is non-military In character as it sounds like something jft, an arrny pfll, not take its famed name until 1S52. Its most spectacular exploit was the organization of 'the Pony Express in I860, the messengers of which had to outride and outfight Indians to carry news of Lincoln's inauguration and of the start.of the Civil War to the West. Between St. Joseph, Mo., and the West Coast, stations were- estab-. lished, on the average, twenty-five miles apart. Riders were expected to cover seventy-five miles a day. Eight 'days were allowed for the journey. There were about eighty -ridersrSwiio ^jfere paid $100 to $125 "a month, along with station keepers and assistant station keepers managing 190 stations. The amount of fiction based upon the Pony*Express and Buffalo Bill, who was a Pony Express rider at the age of fourteen, might lead to the impression that' the institution was in existence for many long years. As a matter of fact, it was discontinued after the lapse of six teen months, when the telegraph took over its job. But the main contribution of Wells, Fargo to American economic life was the express service between the East and West Coasts. Freight was collected in New York and shipped, by way of the Isthmus of Panama, to San Francisco and other Pacific ports. And vice versa. It flourished profitably at the time of the California gold rush. Wells, Fargo & Co. has not been operating since, when the Government took wartime control of the railroads in 1918, it was consolidated with several other express companies. The other day the name Wells, Fargo & Co. disappeared from the list of the New York Stock Exchange. But now, after twenty-one years of non-operation, Wells, Fargo is again about to enter the transportation field, taking a leaf out of the book of the past. It will collect express .,'•'*'•?''-"<••/• v^',/;-. "jfr'V ':•&?%$>&'•?•>''' them by waj' of the Panama Canal o points in California. Buffalo Bill's old boss rides again. RESIGNED AND FATALISTIC The description of the state of mind of the average citizen of Eu- ope given by Joseph E. Davis, United States ambassador to Belgium, upon his return a few days ago for a brief vacation, was somberly eloquent. While there are those who be- ieve there will be no outbreak of war this year, Mr. Davis says that a preponderant majority feel if hey get by this summer it will be a miracle." He adds that "the peo- le are resigned and fatalistic, ragically so." This philosophic acceptance of he future's uncertainties is made all the more dramatic by a thought- ul realization of what they may be, also by a recollection of the grim >ast, which, after only 20 years, is not so difficult for many persons to ecall. Very easily Europe can again be ransforrned into a,theatre of carn- ge, with sons leaving their fathers' lomes to die, with cities and towns educed to dust by the pounding of he guns, with fair fields and forests transformed into vignettes rom the inferno by the unfettered orces of destruction. With this possibility hovering Washington Daybook By Preston Graver ••• • • WASHINGTON, Aug. 18.—Yankee statesmen are hard pressed to explain to questioning foreigners how our new subsidy trading system is in anywise different from the system in Germany, which the United States has lambasted privately and publicly. Secretary of Agriculture Wallace, father of the export crop subsidy, insists there are truly fundamental differences. But it is a fact that German trade competitors in Brazil are able to make out a very good case against us. Further, there are reasons to suspect that altogether friendly nations will get steamed up enough about our subsidy system to erect new trade barriers against us. That would be a stinging blow to Secretary of State Hull who has spent a half dozen years trying to be a beacon light of unrestricted trade. German propagandists say that the United States, the great moralist nation, condemns Germany for building up her trade by tricky devices and at the same time tries the same tricks in her own Yankee way. Wallace Explains There is no doubt that the United States lowered its currency value so as to cut in on world trade, and equally no doubt that we are in the subsidy business, even though in a limited way. We have paid an average of 25 cents a bushel to help export 90,000 bushels of wheat. Now we are going to pay 1 a pound, or $7.50 a bale, to increase our cotton exports from about 3,500,000 bales to 6,000,000. Because of Germany's efforts to pentrate our tariff barriers by offering subsidies, the Treasury imposed a 25 per cent penalty tariff on German imports. Privately, some administration officials suspect that when the cotton subsidy goes into effect, some other countries will pile penalty tariffs on U. S. cotton goods, for of course the subsidy we offer is paid both on exports of raw cotton and on ixports of cotton cloth. Secretary Wallace is trying to soften any foreign kickback by explaining that we are simply trying :o get back markets which we lost through pegging our domestic prices, by cotton and wheat loans, at a level over competitive world prices. But Germany has asserted that she is trying only to get back markets taken away from her during the World war. But How Else? > No matter how successful the subsidy program may be in unload- ng a part of the 12.000,000-bale | surplus cotton and the surplus of wheat, the program has put a aint on our appeals for a, restora- ion of open, untrammelod international trade. Just how the country otherwise hers. In the interests of good neighborliness we back out of that deal. Both Canada and England have it in their power to cause trouble in other directions. It is reported here that Canadian officials already are looking up the possibility of accepting the lower priced' raw cotton but insisting on a penalty tariff on subsidized American cotton goods. In that way both England and Canada could get the benefit of cheap cotton and yet protect their home markets from subsidized American cotton goods. All in'all the thing raises heaps of problems to be taken up at the international cotton conference here in September. JUST FOLKS By EDGAR A, GUEST GRANDFOLKS Time was around the block I went To miss some' grandpa boastful bent, I'd even turn my heels to flee The pictures he would show to me. Time was, and I recall it well, I user! to say to lovely Nell: "If ever grandfolks we are made Let's try to keep our heads un- swayed. Let us be careful not to grow Like certain dear old fools we know." Well, noi' 1 grab some coat lapel And hold it fast the while I tell That grandson's charms. In room, on street And anywhere we chance to meet, I force both friend and stranger, too. His latest camera shots to view. And Nell sits worrying day and night And wondering if the child's all right And telling all who'll stop to hear How marvelous is the little dear. Behind their backs I used to laugb At all who showed a phoCograpn. But now I'm just as bad or worse. I'm carrying seven in my purse, And Nellie's got a folder book At which all callers have to look. So if patience you can find For grandfolks of the foolish kind And do not bothered care to be You'd better run from ma and me. would meet the situation is a prob- ver Europe, the spirit of fatalistic i lem _ L T s cxpons o f coilm have ICE CREAM freezers R. D. McKEE •esignation described by Mr. Davies as characterizing the attitude of luropeans must of necessity be re- nforced by high courage. FOR what it is worth, our selec- ion to win Europe's "war of nerves" » a Frenchman sipping a long ver- month citron on a cafe terrasse. been cut almost in half while Bra- j zil,. India, China amid Egypt, the | principal rivals, have picked up ! where we lost. Regardless of the mortalities of: the situation, the subsidy program ! promises to raise trouble at once, j Subsidized U. S. wheat was dcstin- ; ed for Brazil when Argentina pro- j KELVINATOR AIR CONDITIONING Ka«.y t<i TnMall — Small Space — Operates Automatically. Bohman-Warne, Inc. Phone 85 — 35 West Franklin St. Man About Manhattan ly G««r9t TwcUr tested that w Irom her a were trying to take market legitimately Shop in Comfort NEW YORK, Aug. IS.—There is a drug store at 5Sth and Sixth avenue with a quite satisfactory lunch counter, and frequently I drop in there for a bite when I don't want to take time out for a full meal. The people you see in there are not distinguished. There is nothing wrong with them. They are neither better nor worse dressed than the average crowd collected around the average lunch counter in New York. Next to a bellhop from a nearby hotel may be Mayor LaGuardia, who is no fashion plate. Next to the mayor may be a grocery clerk, or a shoe salesman. Next to me the other morning, was a scrub-woman whom I never even realized was there until she spoke. She said to the clerk back of the counter, "I want a cold roast beef sandwich and a bottle of milk, to SO." If I ever heard a more cultured voice I cannot remember where. When she said this every person at the counter automatically lifted his head and looked at her. The smooth, easy way the words came from her was unbelievable. She spoke again in a. few moments when the clerk asked her the usual questions—do you wa,nt mustard with this? ... do you want pickle? . . . and all of us hung on every word, because she herself was a drudge, her hands knotty and red from years of hard, backbreaking labor. * * * After she had gone out and after the others were on their way I asked the clerk, whose name is Tommy and who is from Iowa, who she was. Her name is Mary. She has been a drudge all her life. She can't remember when she wasn't crawling around on her knees scrubbing floors for people. Her mother before her was a drudge, and her grandmother. Her mother's name was Jane. Her grandmother's'name was Mary, for whom she was named. Mary says' her people came to America, as servants, during the Revolution of 1776. Since that time the women of the family have always been servants. She can't remember her father. She remembers a glamorous two weeks she once spent in the White Mountains, just before she was old enough to go to work herself. Her mother was working for some people from New York, and they permitted her to bring Mary along for the last two weeks of her stay there. That is the only vacation she has ever had. When she was IS she married, and when she was 20 she was widowed—her rftan lost his life in a boiler explosion en a ship before he ever got to France. Their daughter now is 22 years old. She herself is a. mother and a widow, rind sh© works for a family in Albany, N. Y. * * • Mary has scrubbed the hard marble floors of the U, S. Customs building in downtown New York. She has scrubbed the foyers of Broadway theaters, and the halls of East River apartment houses. j Once she was a cook for three j j years, but she doesn't like to cook. ! Her daughter's chiM is a little girl i too, named Jane, after Mary's moth- j er. There never were any boys What It Means: Political Forecasting By MORGAN M. BEATTY AP Feature Service Writer WASHINGTON,- Aug. IS •(£>) Now that the men who make political history in the Capitol have said all they have to say about 1940 FOR the record, what do they really think about the presidential year ahead—OFF the record? I have put the question to several key men. I have talked to Demo crats and Republicans, pro-Roosevelt men, and anti-Roosevelt men, economy-minded men and spenders. They are all willing to think out loud for your benefit, so long as I do not give them away. It's too early to be putting definite opinions opposite one's name, especially for men in a position of leadership, or close to it. Early opinions often come home to roost. But just so you won't be misled, I'm giving you a general focus on the political complexion of these men. That will also give you an idea how much what they say should be discounted, if any. Furthermore, all bets are off in the event of a World War or similar emergency. * * * "F. D. R. Is Practical" Here goes— A Republican representative close to the strategists who helped scut tie parts of President Roosevelt's' program for 1939: "There's a lot of talk that the President and his conservative opposition in the Democratic party will split the party wide open in 1940. We are not convinced this is true. If it were, of course, that would mean we would win in a walk. "We are well aware that the President is a practical politician. Some people even call him an opportunist. Therefore, he's not going to promote a split unless he thinks the New Deal can win in the long run by such tactics. "For instance, if the President thought the country were going Republican in 1940 in spite of everything he and the Democratic party could do, he might be tempted to split the Democrats, separating the 'liberal' sheep from the 'conservative' goats, as he would put it, and let us win in the process. Then he could sit back on the sidelines kibitzing for four years, hoping to get the New Deal back into the saddle in 1944. "For that reason, we're not counting our chickens before they hatch, and the minority will be in there voting solid, holding its lines taut in the next Congress." * * * "Breach Will Heal" ' Au. economy-minded Democratic representative who fought the President all along the spending line through the 1939 session: "There IS a fundamental differ- once between the President and the old-line Democrats, such as myself, who believe in keeping down government costs on general principles. There's no getting around that. "But I don't believe the split within the Democratic party is hopeless. I rather look for the breach to be healed before 1940 rolls around. After all, we could support any candidate nominated by the convention, ev.en a third- term Mr. Roosevelt, with perfect logic. We agree with his objectives, but we disagree with his methods. "Furthermore, remember what Carter Glass said, 'The Democratic party a.t its worst is better than the Republican party at its best." I think most all Democrats will come running to the party fold in 1940." « * * "F. D. R. In Earnest" A dyed-in-the-wool New Dealer, not a congressman or senator, but a man who knows what the inner Administration strategists are discussing among themselves: "What the Preisdent's opponents in the Democratic party can't seem to get through their heads is that the President rs playing political marbles for keeps. He's in dead earnest abc^t his program. He's in dead earnest when he says the Democratic party is a party for true liberals, and must die if it turns in another direction. Several of these conservative Democratic senators who are fighting the President seem to have the idea that this is some sort of primary campaign, and it'll be kiss and make xip next year, and no questions asked. They're going to be surprised." * * * "Conservatives Would Bolt" A man close to a purgee, one of those Democratic senators the President tried to squeeze out of the Senate last year: "It all depends on what the Democratic convention does in 1940. If the convention names a man acceptable to some of us the President doesn't seem to like, all well and good. But if the Preisdent tries to run for a third term, or tries to put one of his yes-men in the saddle— and succeeds in doing either—it is my considered judgment that 90 per cent of the conservative element of the Democratic party will in the family. AH the children have been little girls. Mary says that once in a theater a director suddenly bawled out his cast during a rehearsal, and told them that if they could speak half as well as "that scrub-woman out tn*ere" they'd be a lot better off. She quit her job after that. She seemed surprised thai anyone should think her voice is unusual. bolt. Yes, and most of them will vote the Republican ticket!" * * * A Democratic senator in the economy bloc: "If the President runs for a third term, he'll split the Democratic party wide open. That's all there is to it; it's happened before that way, and it will happen again." There you have a fair cross section of opinion in high places. Note the variation of views. Yes, you've guessed it. They are no more sure of what it's all about than you and your neighbor. They argue just as much as you and your neighbor. And which of these men are closest to being right? That's anybody's guess. But remember that both the Democratic and Republican opponents of the. President in the rebellious House this 3 T ear agree that the Democratic party can kiss and make up before disaster occurs, with little harm done to either side. Those opinions look pretty fair to the experts who profess no interest -in the fate of either party next year. Retired Diplomat Dies At His Horn FOREST GLEN, Md., Aug. 18.— Herbert Oswald Williams, 88-years- old retired-diplomat, died here at his- home. Williams came to Forest Glen Monday from Sacramento, Calif., to become dean of introduction at the National Park College. He had interrupted his career as an educator in World War days to serve with the French Y. M. C. A. Upon his return from overseas he established a junior college at Sacramento in 1919, but left there a. year later to begin a diplomatic career. His first -assignment In the foreign service took him to Brest, as consul in June 1920. He later served in the same capacity in Havre, Brussels, Liverpool, Panama, Vera Cruz and Gibralter, before retiring in June, 1938. HE RODE IT OUT ST. JOSEPH, Mo., Aug. 18 (£»)— On April 1, 1911, Richard Johnson drove the first interurban car oh the St. Joseph-Savannah run. And recently he took the last car over the route before the inauguration of bus service that will succeed the electric cars. General Lily Planting Guide It is not too early to start plans for fall planting of hardy lilies. Too, the beautiful Madonna lily must be planted in late August. Therefore, the Agricultural Editor urges interested readers to write him at once for a free copy of our general illy planting instructions. These include directions for prparing soils, fertility, planting time and methods and general care. Merely send a 3-cent stamp with your request and include any flower questions you wish to ask. NAME STREET OR ROUTE POSTOFFICE STATE Address letter to the DAILY MAIL Agricultural Editor, Box 1528, Washington, D. C. THINGS OF THE SOIL By DAN VAN GORDER Quastlons of lawns, gardens, poultry, livestock, orcharding sun: general farming are discussed in this department. Readers have here access to the Information and advice Curnished by our agricultural editor. Inqulrie- on all phases of soils and crops will be answered by return mall. Address tetters to The Mall Information Bureau. Van Gorder Service. Inc.. Washington. D. C. Growing the Madonna Lily There is a common impression prevalent, particularly among beginners in flower growing, that lilies are difficult to grow. This is true, of «ourse, with a few of the rarer species, but there are from twelve to twenty hardy members of this beautiful group which rightly belong among the more desirable ornamentals where ease of culture is sought. In this latter classification none is more worthy a place in every flower garden than the Madonna lily. Most lilies succeed in any light sandy loam, while a few species, including the Madonna and those listed as L. croceum, L. elegans, L. tigrinum and most of the Turk's cap lilies, will do well even in the heavier clay loams where good drainage prevails and the soil is deeply friable. 'In»-all cases hard and shallow soils should be avoided. Lime should never be used, except in strongly acid soils. Well rotted and finely pulverized cow manure is beneficial, worked carefully into the soil well in advance of planting time. Sheep manure J« also recommended. Time of planting lily bulbs is occasionally confusing to beginners. However, most nursey catalogues prove helpful In this matter, indicating the general time of planting. Almost all hardy lilies may be planted safely in this. latitude In late October or even after the first of November, excepting the Madonna lily. This exception warrants explanation. The chief purpose in planting hardy, lily bulbs in late autumn is to permit them to be well established in their new home when warm days of late winter and eai'ly spring stimulate early growth. But the Madonna lily demands time to form a rosette of leaves before winter, hence the earlier planting necessary. Madonna bulbs should be planted in late August Keep the bulbs noderately moist until planting time. Place a handful of sharp sand under and around the bulb to ivoid rotting when wet weather omes. Cover the tip about two inches deep, firming the soil well around the entire bulb and water- ng the soil liberally after planting is completed. Soils for this lily should be prepared at once in order that ferti- izers and manures may be well in- ;orporated in the soil. In no case should fresh manure be used. icither should the manure or ferti- izcr come in direct contact with newly planted bulbs. Some growers apply a. few handfuls of bone meal where fertility is lacking. Where alternate Ireezing and hawing occur over winter, there)y endangering the young plants >y heaving, some loose hay or straw should be applied as a mulch after the ground freezes. In this respect it is important to note that this mulch is recommended not to prevent the ground freezing but solely to keep It frozen. Therefore, application after the ground freezes is emphasized. This and other hardy lilies reward growers liberally over many years from a small investment.. If there are any doubtful points in their culture, interested gardeners are urged to write the editor to ask all the questions desired. Schindel, Rohrer & Co. Headquarters For Sherwin - Williams PAINT 28-30 S. Potomac St. Phone 706 CLOTHING for men and women ... on EASY CREDIT TERMS PEOPLE'S STORE 67 W. Wash. Street Electric Cooking CLEANER FASTER CHEAPER A«k for PfwC M Your ELECTRIC Range Dealer W.J.E.J. 6:I5P M OFFICE EQUIPMENT Hagerstown Bookbinding & Printing Co. TELEPHONE 2000—2001 BANK /HAGERSTOWN. MO The House of Blue White Diamonds j£ CJEWEIHV Ok 66 W. Wn-shincton St. Three-fourths of the farms in Florida are devoted to citrus crops. SALE WomenV SHOES EARLES Dept Store 74 West Washlnjttott Str**t S 1 LOAN S If yon nopd money for n n«u»fnl nnr- POMS com* In nnd consult the Hagerstown Industrial Savings & Loan Co. 49 N. Jonathan St.—Phone 250 PALM BEACH SUITS MUSEY & EVANS 59 West Washington Street

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