Lenox Time Table from Lenox, Iowa on January 16, 1936 · Page 6
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Lenox Time Table from Lenox, Iowa · Page 6

Lenox, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 16, 1936
Page 6
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LENOX TIMfe TABLE. LfiNOX. IOWA Pickard © Western NnwpopwUnfon AAA Is Killed by Decision of the Supreme Court S IX Justices of the United States Supreme court, Including Chief Justice Hughes, Joined In an opinion that killed the Agricultural Adjustment act Three associate justices, Stone, Brandeis and Cnrdozo, dissented. The majority decision, rend by Associate Justice Owen .T. Roberts, held thnt the AAA was wholly unconstitutional because It Invaded the rights of the states In seeking to control farm production. Chief Justice Hughes The whole system of processing taxes imposed to finance the program was swept into discard. Not only are the processing taxes illegal but the court apparently declared the farm benefit contracts void and put up bars against any attempt of the federal government to regulate farm production by whatever means. Senators and representatives who immediately began planning legislation to continue benefit payments to farmers and to balance agricultural output did not seem to grasp the full significance of this part of the decision. The court said flatly that regulation of farm production Is not within the scope of the federal government and of Its powers to accomplish this, nor can It purchase adherence to a control scheme by federal payments. The decision destroyed not only the original AAA but also the amended act of the last session of congress. The dissenting opinion held that the AAA was a legitimate employment of the power to tax for the general welfare. It attacked the theory that the preservation of our Institutions is the exclusive concern of the Supreme court and suggested that under the majority decision the unemployment work relief act is unconstitutional. President Roosevelt, Secretary of Agriculture Wallace and other administration lenders had no immediate comment on the decision to make public, but the President called Attorney General Cummings and Mr. Wallace into conference. The administration and congress must do something to raise nearly half a billion dollars which the government has contracted to pay farmers and against which It now has no income, since the processing impost is outlawed. Disposition of about $200,000,000 accumulated under court orders that impounded processing tax collections must be determined. AAA Administrator Chester Davis stopped all payments to farmers "until further notice," and the Treasury department ordered all collectors of internal revenue to desist from further efforts to collect processing taxes. In his budget message President Roosevelt included revenue from processing taxes, so the Supreme court decision had the effect of throwing the 1037 budget still further out of balance by something like a billion dollars. and a spirited passage in which Mr. Roosevelt defied and dared his critics to move for the repeal of those measures instead of "hiding their dissent In a cowardly cloak of generality." In only two paragraphs did the President dwell on "the state of the nation." In these he said that after nearly three years of the New Deal national income is increasing, agriculture and industry are "returning to full activity." and "we approach a balance of the national budget." That last statement was greeted with mocking laughter from the Republican side of the chamber, and though the Democrats cheered loudly, Mr. Uoosevelt himself smiled at his words. One passage in the message was Interpreted by some as a threat to close the lower courts to suits attacking the constitutionality of federal laws, congress thnt The President told Its enactments re- President's Message Is a Defiance of Opponents OURUOUNDED by klleg lights, ^ raicroplicives and movie cameras, President Roosevelt stood before the senate an-1 house In night joint session and delivered what was nominally his annual message on the state of the nation. Actually it was not that at all, but a statement concerning the welfare and international disturbances on the other continents, followed by what the press generally considered an elo- Secretary Perkins quire "protection until final adjudication by the highest tribunal," and added that congress "has the right and can find the means to protect Its own prerogatives." Altogether, the spec-fade In the house chamber was extraordinary and unparalleled. All the senators and representatives were there, the latter being remarkably noisy. Eight members of the cabinet attended, and in the galleries sat Mrs. Roosevelt, the wives of cabinet members, diplomats and enough other privileged persons to fill the seats completely. Vice President Garner and Speaker Byrns jointly presided over the session. The President's message was denounced by the American Liberty league as "the most dangerous speech that ever came from a President," and by former President Herbert Hoover as a message of " 'war on earth and ill will among men,' " Senator Joseph T. Robinson, Dem- acratic leader, struck back at the President's critics in a statement declaring that if the President had recited the Ten Commandments he would have been accused of having ulterior motives. He repeated the challenge of the President to his critics to repeal New Deal legislation. Secretary of Labor Perkins Praises Year's Doings CECRETAKY of Labor Frances ^ Perkins found in the developments of the last year much of benefit for the American workingman. In her annual report she cited these five great advancements for labor: 1. Unemployment compensation, accomplished through tlie social security act. ?.. Old-age security, brought about also by the social security act. 3. Establishment of boards for settling Industrial disputes locally. 4. Greater co-operation between the states and the Labor department, through regional conferences. 5. Development of the United States employment service. Even the large number of strikes during 1935 could be viewed with some satisfaction by her, for she said they were "due in part to the natural expectation of labor to share In the early fruits of business Improvement." For the future Miss Perkins envisioned a minimum wage law, a short work week of perhaps 40 hours, compensation insurance, and strict regulation of machinery to prevent industrial accidents. Latest Returns in the Literary Digest Poll N EW DEALERS speak scornfully of the Presidential poll con ducted by the Literary Digest, bu every one is eager to see whnt I reveals. The latest returns show a still further decline In New Dea popularity. Out of a total of 1,370,77-! votes received, 828,029 answered negatively the question, "Do you now approve the acts and policies of the Roosevelt New Deal to date?" This brought the negative percent age to the new high figure of 00.47 per cent. The last preceding percentage was 58.51. Eleven of the thirteen southern states continued solidly New Deal. Only Florida and Oklahoma voted against It. The twelve Middle Western farm states continued balloting more than 3 to 2 against the administration. The Rocky mountain states, with the single exception of Utah, contributed substantial majorities against the New Deal, as did four of the six New England states, which were voting 3 to 1 against Roosevelt H Harold L. Ickes What Ickes Thinks of Critics of New Deal AHOLD L. ICKES, in his capacity of administrator of the PWA, went to Brooklyn to take part in the ceremony of breaking ground for the $12,783,000 Williamsburg slum clearance project, and took the opportunity to speak very harshly about those who oppose the New Deal, dubbing them "the coupon clipping gentry," "the Lord Plushbottoms of the club windows," and "reac- tlonJsts" who "shout that enlightened progress is unconstitutional." "The slum is but one vicious product of that old order whose passing, we hope, is at hand," Mr. Ickes said. "I refer to the old order of special privilege, the creator and upholder of a social system containing vicious contrasts of opulence and squalor that have shamed the democracy of our own times. Its day in America Is facing the westering sun, but tlie harsh cifack- lings of Its senile prophets are still heard In opposition to every progressive proposal; predicting disaster for every humanitarian attempt to ameliorate the lot of the least fortunate of our people. "There are those who take an almost sadistic delight in dashing the hopes of our underprivileged citizens by 111-advlsedly proclaiming that the public housing program of PWA is a failure. The facts prove the contrary. Somewhere a housing program had to be started The federal government took the initiative. "We have 47 active projects on our demonstration program, all under construction. Eleven thousand persons are already enjoying the splendid modern accommodations of limited dividend housing projects financed by PWA, and tlie first fed oral developments will be occuplei} early In the spring Washington Digest 4 I . IT. I . .1 ^ iy vv iL.i_if\iTi i»n\wv_i^» \i-\i NATIONAL PRESS BLDG WASH INGTON D. C 'ft Washington.—President Roosevelt has told congress that he wants It Expect to finish Its labors and adjourn Long Session '" He short order, hns figured that about three months ought to give the members sufficient time to mull over the problems that confront them and that they then should return to their several lomes. But the President is doomed to disappointment if he sincerely believes that he can get congress out of the Capitol by the end of March. The best guess right now is that congress will be In session at east four months and. It is well within the range of possibilities that t will remain in session almost to ;he time of the national conven- ions. There are a number of factors that make realization of the President's early adjournment wish impossible of realization. Probably he most Influential of these is the 'act that this is a campaign year. Svery member of the house and one- third of the senate, along with Mr. Roosevelt himself, are affected by the election date and politics.must inve Its turn. Every four years this lame condition obtains and every 'our years politicians do about the same things In furtherance of their own political interests. The bulk of the legislation to be considered has its political tinge. Politics even creep Into the annual appropriation bills—and usually the result is a swelling of the totals in order that some gears of individual political machines may be oiled just a bit for smooth running in the campaign. While the appropriation bills are mportant from a political standpoint, their weight in this session of congress sinks rather below par because there are such things as the )onus for the World war veterans, the Townsend old age pension plan, various New Deal reform measures and such replacement legislation as may be necessary since the Supreme court kicked over New Deal propositions like the Agricultural Adjustment act with Its processing taxes and sundry other schemes. However the Roosevelt leaders in congress may desire to act, the machinery of legislation can be run only so fast In an election year. Great Britain Sending More Men to Africa J UST before Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden goes to Geneva to attend the January 20 meeting of the League of Nations council the British government will decide on Its proposals for extension of the sanctions against Italy to In elude oil, coal, Iron and steel. Bui the cabinet Is not waiting for this to prepare for eventualities. It has suddenly decided to strengthen greatly Its armed forces in Africa and has taken over several liner for the Mediterranean troop trans port service. The Scythia alreadj has sailed with troops and guns probably for Alexandria, Egypt, am others are to follow soon. but the well-known bee Is buzzing around and there are many observers who think that Senator Vandenberg Is hoping that, In' case of a convention stalemate, the assembled delegates may riot and turn to him as the nominee. Such a condition means, as It has meant before, that these two men will desire to see all of the political Issues aired In congressional debates. It is only natural and logical as well that the Republican minority In the house and senate will seek to'foment as much debate as possible In order to obtain a record of what the majority party thinks or proposes to do If returned to power. In all respects, the session will be the most political, therefore, since Air. Roosevelt took office. His Presidential message on the state of the Union already Is being kicked back and forth and picked to pieces in the preliminary campaign gunfire. In an earlier letter, I reported to you concerning the question of a neutrality policy Congress an a declared at May Stall * ha t time that It was the most important item to come before the current session. It remains so. I believe the situation is even more delicate than in my earlier analysis of this problem and it may well be that congress will stall along in reaching a decision on this policy In order to give foreign developments an opportunity to manifest themselves further. The administration apparently is willing to let congress work out the legislation without much Interference but the leaders realize that a decision will be difficult as long as foreign maneuvers continue to present an almost dally change in the scenery. Reference is made to the neutrality question here because it Is one of the things entering into the combination that will cause a longer .session than the President wishes. There seems to be no doubt that passage of a bill to pay tlie soldiers' bonus at an early date will be accomplished in this session. Likewise, there is hardly the shadow of a doubt that If congress passes such legislation and Mr, Roosevelt vetoes it, the bill will be passed over the veto. It is a campaign year and It One of the chief reasons why a , is not a good Hm( ,- for politicians to congressional session in an election Seek Publicity year drags on longer than usual is because of the publicity value President Roosevelt Budget Message Shows Billion Dollar Deficit TN HIS message to congress sub- A mlttlng his approved budget for the 1037 fiscal year, beginning July 1 next, President Roosevelt followed the double system of accounting his administration has always employed quent and militant political speech —one set of books for regular ex- addressed to the people of the Unit- penditures and income and another ed States, who by the millions were set for emergency spending and ap- llstenlng in on their radios. Parti- propriations. He asserted that re- san opinion of his message Is per- ceipts from all sources In the next haps worthless. Of course his sup- fiscal year will aggregate an estl- porters praised It highly and his mated $5,854,000,000. Expenditures opponents were equally emphatic in for all regular government depart- derogatlon. ments are estimated at $5,649,000,Democrats and Republicans alike 000. So the "regular" budget will commended the President's opening be In balance, with a surplus of paragraph In which he boldly con- $5,000,000. demned the aggression of Italy and But the message went on to say Japan, though without naming those after explaining that the regular gov- natlons; and there was little dls- ernment books will show fiscal af- sent from his assertion that the fairs in the black, as to income and United States must maintain Its outgo, they will show red to the neutrality while seeking to "dlscour- extent of $1,103,000,000 In works- age the use by belligerent nations relief spending, less the $5,000 000 of any and all American products "surplus," this leaving the new ap- calpuleted to facilitate the prosecu- proprlation for further works-relief tlqn f$ a war in quantities over open for at least two months and above our normal exports to That figure of $1,103,000,00 repre- Haile Selassie Protests Use of Poison Gas in ROM his field headquarters In " Dessye Emperor Halle Selassie sent to the League of Nations a vigorous protest against the war methods of the Invading Italians. The emperor charged specifically that Italian flyers. In raining explosives on the southern army of his son-in- law, Ras Desta Demtn, near Dolo. used poison gas and destroyed a Swedish Red Cross ambulance laden with sick and wounded. A special meeting of the Swedish Red Cross was held In Stockholm to take action In this matter. them In time of peace." sects the President's estimate of The remainder of the message, unexpended balances on July i from devoted to domestic affairs, was de- the $4,880,00,000 and previous emer- voted chiefly to a belligerently genoy appropriations. It does not voided defense of the New Deal take into account probable new ap- measure* of the administration, an propriations for similar purposes attack on those who OOTMMHI them I yet to be determined. Guffey Coal Act Again Is Declared Invalid /~\NCE more the Guffey coal act ^-' has been declared unconstitutional, this time by Federal Judge John P. Barnes of Chicago. He granted to a local coal company a temporary Injunction to restrain federal officials from collecting a portion of the taxes Imposed under the law. The injunction is to remain In force pending a ruling by the United States Supreme court on similar suits brought by the Carter Coal company in Washington, D. C. and by the Tway Coal company in Louisville, Ky. Arguments in thesr cases are to be heard in March an< rulings may be forthcoming I June. the sessions have for individual representatives and senators. Members of congress discovered a hundred years ago that the chambers of the house and senate constituted splendid sounding boards for the dissemination of political views. There has been Increasing use of this potentiality as the years have pone ay until now the older members of the house and senate have become very adept in capitalizing on this factor. It takes no stretch of the imagination to discover that a senator or representative, speaking from the floor of his respective chamber, gets much more publicity than his opponent back home who talks only as a private citizen. It Is perfectly natural, therefore, thnt those members seeking re-election want to take full advantage of the publicity vehicle available to them In Washington. The use of this publicity weapon Is available to opponents of the New Deal as well as to Us supporters. While the approaching election may be expected to knit the house Democrats more closely Into a unified front for the November election, the same condition is not true In the senate. In that body, there are a number of old-line Democrats who do not like the New Deal and who are going to utilize every avuilalile opportunity to make their record as Democrats as complete as it Is possible to do before they must peak to the home folks in person, t Is obvious that such men as Sentor Carter Glass of Virginia cannot desert the Democratic ticket nd run for re-election independent- y. So It Is to be expected that men this type will establish for thom- elvea a comprehensive outline of heir political beliefs as Democrats BRISBANE THIS WEEK Wilson for Earlier War? Prayer Plus Planes New Disease Danger Ethiopian Victory? Prof. A. M. Arnett of North Carolina university says It wns not Wilson that kept this country out of war a while, but the country that kept Wilson out of the •war longer than he would have stayed out. Professor Arnett says lw will prove, In a book, that Wilson wanted war In 1016, and was kept out of It by three men— Champ Clark, Congressman 'Flood and Claude Kitchln, Democratic floor leader of the house. How deep should we have sunk In our depression If Weodrow Wilson had carried out his alleged plan and started the war one year ahead of time In 191G? How many millions of Americans would have been killed (they were always honored with front row places)? How many tens of billions would have been added to the public debt and the repudiated debts of Europe? The archbishop of Canterbury, head of the official Church of England, has Invited all European Christian communicants to join In prayer for peace, with resolutions outlawing all war. While the archbishop takes that desirable step the British government works rapidly on 8,000 airplanes of the fighting kind. Nothing like airplanes to back up eloquent prayer for peace. keletons in Armor l3uit& Are Found oil Battle Site Skeletons fully arrayed in medieval rmor have been found in exrava ons In the vicinity of Venice, nil i n a erfect state of preservation. Work- rs engaged on excavations for th& ew great canal which Is under con fraction In the picturesque district urroundlng Stra, came across what ndoubtedly must have been the cene of a great battle >n tlie day* * the ancient Venetian republic, One of the many skeletons in ar. mor was found to have a sword stllj >etween the ribs. Presumably th& man fell In battle and has lain undlj. urbed nil these centuries. Quant). ies of ancient weapons and armor Iso were found, together with tieny. .fully modeled vases which, ^ IB centuries old dirt had b^ •ashed awny, were found to be pai^. d by hand with designs and figures, he colors being perfectly preserved. Arthur Brlgtmne while distinguishing their position "rom that known HB the New Deal. They must look to the future when, according to all Indications, they 'eel the party machinery will again be controlled "by the Jeffersonlan type of Democrat Instead of by the reform type of Democrat headed by men and women with the New Dea'l outlook. *. * * An additional factor operating In the senate Is the presence of two antagonize an organization with the vast membership of the American Legion or the other groups of ex- service men. This legislation will not contribute much to the length of the session but in nil such cases representatives and senators must make their speeches and be on record as to why they voted for or against a bill. The Townsend plan cannot get anywhere in the current session. .* * * In all probability, also, the current session of congress will be „_ . . called upon to Waiting meet some prob- Decisions lems resulting from adverse decisions by the Supreme court of the United States, The court has before It any number of cases Involving New Deal policies, Including such as the AAA, the TV A with Its Tennessee Valley power yardstick, the attempt to regulate wages and hours of labor under the Guffey coal bill known as the Little NRA, and a half dozen other policy propositions. It seems unlikely, although no one can guess, that all of these measures will be held constitutional. If any are held Invalid, naturally the President will ask congress to draft new legislation. As a sample of the political aspect of the current session, one can cite the furor that was stirred up when President Roosevelt delivered his message on the state of the Union to a night session of congress. Except for one instance, Presidents always have delivered or sent their message to congress at noon of a day after the session has had two or three meetings. Mr. Roosevelt chose to get his message to congress on the very first day of the current session but in order to do It and allow for consummation of the usual outlne of the opening day, It was ecessary to hold a Joint session at I ght. The White House announcement of this decision Immediately ; pre- ipltated a biting demand from Henry P. Fletcher, Republican national chairman. Mr. Fletcher charged that since the President's speech was being delivered "out of lours" and was being broadcast to Uncle Sam has on his hands the job of preventing the spread of disease throughout the country and its importation from abroad. Doctor Curran, in charge of Insects for the American Museum of Natural History, warns New York It may be Invaded by malaria brought into northern New Jersey by a OOC camp worker from the South. The anopheles mosquito, always present, has been spreading :he germs. He cannot do that unless he first bites a malaria carrier. Halle Selassie's fighting Gen. De- jezruatch Hailu Kebede sends cheerful news to his royal master: "We fought and beat the Italians from dawn to dusk; 200 Italian white soldiers, twenty Italian officers, killed. Cannon, bombs and innumerable batteries of machine guns made murderous concert against us, but God protected your iiumble Christian soldiers, and the Lion of Judah was victorious." Two More F acton Republican Presidential poeslblll ties Ip the persons of Senator William E. Borah of Idaho and Arthur H. Vaudenberg of Michigan Senator Borah 1« actively peeking pledged delegate* to the Republican national convention. Senator Van 4*nbery nuyi be li not a candidate Ethiopians persist In their theory :hat they are the only Christians Involved. They say the Italians are Catholics, therefore not Chrls:runs, which would amuse the Ital- ans, If they bad time for amusement. Rome calls the General Dejaz- match dispatch "customary Ethl opian Inaccuracy." Former Governor Alfred B. Smith, booked for a big political talk In Washington, D. C., and invited by Mrs. Roosevelt to stop at the White House during his stay in Washington, declines the invitation, explaining that he will have too big a crowd with him. Politicians do not think that the only reason.. They expect Governor Smith to "cut loose" and say things about the administration that would not come gracefully from a White House guest. Mr. and Mo-s. Triplett of Jenkins, Ky., who have just received from heaven their third set of triplets, say: "We are just tickled to death but imagine our surprise." Besides nine triplets, the happy couple ha\e one set of twins, all eleven living and all fortunate. The baby born In a family that wants babies Is the fortunate child. For the woman or man who does not want children, the wise thine is not to have them—for the chll dren's sake, Hitler knows what he Wants tells the rest of the world, an<! thus far the world has let him heir himself. . _ He wanted an end of the Ver sallies treaty and got it He want ed the right to build a strong battl fleet and England consented. Now he Bays be must have a air force as strong aa that o France, and will proceed to bull potentially the greatest radio audi- f7*™%"^"* fsotheTreturnn ence ever to listen to a Presidential It He ,±^ anta Ln from German, message of this kind, the broadcast- «» colonies taken from Germany cate time for the to ar reduced ed tor tbT opposition "the right'to *B.634,000. Our analy-Ie It from the oppoaltlon convenient for Europeans, for they Btandpolnt through th? ?am> num- *»™> ^1°"^ * e do not - th «t ou ber of radio ataOona and to poten- «° u *l|*_! ( ^ M . cen f 8 - tially the same radio audience. The Man Who Knows Whether the Remedy You are taking for Headaches, Neuralgia or Rheumatism Pains is SAFE is Your Doctor, Ask Him Don't Entrust Your Own or Your Family's Well-Being to Unknown Preparations B EFORE you take any prepara- _ tion you don't know all about, for the relief of headaches; or the pains of rheumatism, neuritis or neuralgia, ask your doctor what he thinks about it — in comparison with Genuine Bayer Aspirin. We say this because, before the discovery of Bayer Aspirin, most so-called "pain" remedies were advised against by physicians as being bad for the stomach; or, often, for the heart. And the discovery of Bayer Aspirin largely changed medical practice. Countless thousands of people who have taken Bayer Aspirin year in. and out without ill effect, have proved that the medical findings about its safety were correct. Remember this: Genuine Bayei Aspirin is rated among the fastest methods yet discovered for the relief of headaches and all common pains . .. and safe for the average person. to take regularly. You can get real Bayer Aspirin at any drug store — simply by never asking for it by the name "aspirin" alone, but always saying BAYER ASPIRIN when you buy. Bayer Aspirin Set Example To convert a man to your vlewB., lon't try to nine-tenths of the time. STOPPED-UP .NOSTRILS duetocoldd. Use Mentholatum to help open the 'nostrils and permit freer breathing. Gives COMFORT Daily If you prefer nose drops, or throat spray, call for the HEW MEHTHOLATUM LIQUID In handy bottle with dropper Break up that Perhaps the surest way to prevent a cold from''catching hold" and getting wone li. •K? FREE GARFIELDTEA BACKACHES Meed WarnUb Don't be Tormented ^ ^nUdN^ifb ^/.iiY.Pr reli « f}yi rfC" 1 "^ U5eof use or •« esinol

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