Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois on April 1, 1897 · Page 6
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Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois · Page 6

Sterling, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, April 1, 1897
Page 6
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rrt's IXIrym&n pivn: Thwre i« dairy l!??"atTjr*> floating around la f.hs newspapers 'thaa ever before in tte history of this country. Some of It fs good Bad much of It Is worse than nothing, for it 16 bassd oo exploded tfa&tt. The foHtrwiag twenty-three Joints we find in ft daily paper, £vi- dentJy culled from some other source, BO we do fiot know to whom to giro credit. In tfte main they ate good suggestions: . SELECTION AND BREEDING. 1. Select the best co-wp In your herd, or that you can buy, to keep, and dispose of the others. •-•-.. 2. The foest fcow for the dairy IB the «me that produces the greatest amount of batter fat In a year (for food consumed) when being rightly fed, 3. Test your cows by weighing the- tellk of each cow for a year and test- lug it occasionally with the Babcock iallk tester, and know how much butter fat each one does produce. 4* To renew or increase your herd fralae the heifer calves from your best COWB. ".'.,.•''' " 6. Use the best dairy-bred sire you. can get; one, if possible, that has a long line of ancestors and have been first-class dairy animals. 6, in this way you can make each generation better than the preceding one, if they have at all times proper care and feed. ?. It Is neither profitable nor necessary 'for a cow to go dry more than four to six weeks. 8. Especially should your young cows be watched and not allowed to acquire the habit of drying up too Boon. 9. Darken the stable in which the cows are milked through fly time. It will not only economize the patience of the milker,' but the cost of milk production as'well. 10. Keep a record of the time when cows - -Are—brsd,_&nd— have _no guess_ •work about the time of calving. 11. Provide a roomy box stall, and allow the cow to become accustomed to It a week prior to calving;.. • 12. Rich foods should •& withheld for a short time prior and subsequent to calving. ' 13. The u'dder should receive prompt attention. An obstacle may be removed from the teat the, first hour that might baffle science later. 14. A pail- of scalded bran should be given to the cow as soon' as possible after calving; ' 15. The calf should be permitted to nurse its mother for two or three days. '. .-' •:• ••-:''••• ' '. • ' • 16. After separating the calf from its mother, feed the natural milk as soon as drawn, for e week or ten days, 17. Then begin gradually to substitute skim milk with oil meal jeMy stirred into it /. 18. Scald the calf's feed pall daily. 19. Feed three times a day and not xapre than three quarts at a time until tne calf is'-well started. •20. : Warm the milk by. placing, the veasel that contains the milk in hot - water.- -- T -—, '•.'•_-(_ . -•••'-••;-•—•--.-21. Warm the milk in 90 degree*' Fahrenheit : 22. Don't trust your' finger, but a thermometer. It will save many.a calfB life. 23< Thei man whose ideal of a cow Is high, coupled with' good care, feed and gentleness, Is sure to receive the highest profit in _ milk and pleasure that can be made in dairying. We will 'add a couple of other points: ' 24. Always clean out the box stall after a cow has calved therein, and .thoroughly disinfect it with a solution, made* of one part of sulphuric acid to nine.of,water. ° This Is to prevent septic poisoning of the next cow, which may easily occur, 25. Do not milk the udder out clean until the four day after calving. This will often prevent a chill, which often produces milk fever. 1. Ha If* Ins rbkirq with ftn inc-.iba- tor is a winter pursuit. 2. The hen seldom Bits in f inter, hence ehe and ths incubator do not conflict, 3. Hens that S&y In winter can a&t produce M fertile eggs at that time as In the spring, for the cold season prevents exercise, the Lens become fat and the pullets are not as fully matured, while the male, i! he has a frosted comb, suffers from, the cold, or becomes too fat, and is unserviceable. 4. Do not use extra large eggs, or email eggs. Hare all eggs of normal Biee, and of perfect shape. 6. Do not be afraid to watch your incubator. It pays as well to keep awake at night to watch a hundred dhlcks hatch out as it does to keep awake to save a $6 calf from losa when it is dropped, and the chicks are worth more than a calf. 6. No incubator has brains. It will regulate, but can not think. 7. When chicks die la the shell the chances are that too mucti of a draught of air passed over them. When the hen is hatching she will flght if even a feather Is lifted from her. She will not allow the slightest change of temperature, and 'she will hatch as well in a dry place aa*in a moist location. 8. Dry, warm nests in winter, and motet nests in summer, is an old proverb, hence the' moisture depends on the season. Less IB required in the Incubator in the winter. ,- , • 8. As the chicks progress In tha eggs they give off heat, hence be- careful of the lamp, hot water, or whatever the source of heat may be. 10. Too much moisture covers the ege and excludes the air from -the thick within the egg. 11. No ; currents of air can pass through an incubator without a plentl ful supply of moisture, but in the incubators that have no currents but little moisture is .needed. 12. Do not take out the chicks until you believe all are hatched. If you take them out the heat will suddenly drop, and you will let in the cold air on the eggs. Never disturb the eggs when chicks are hatching. 13. Test your incubator with moisture, no moisture, plenty of air, and air shut off, as each Incubator may differ from the other. . 14. Eggs will be aired sufficiently when the eggs are turned. • It is of no consequence to cool them. ., IB. If the chicks do tot hatch out by the twenty-first day your heat is too low. •'.-'•'. V 16. If the chicks begin to hatch'on the eighteenth day your heat was rather high. 17. Do not put eggs In at different periods during the hatch, and do not hatch ducklings and chibka together. 18. The same rule applies to the eggs of hens, ducks,, turkeys and guineas, as regards heat and moisture. ''. • 19. Never sprinkle the eggs. . it lowers the heat instantly, and sometimes kills the chicks in the shells. 20. If the incubator BhdWB ntolsture on the glass do not open the. egg drawer until it is dry. Cold air and dampness kills the chicks, heat being lowered by rapid evaporation, 21. The reason that the hen that steals her nest hatches so well is because you do not give her all sorts qf eggs, such as large eggs, small eggs, and eggs from old hens and immature, pullets, such as you put In the incubator. . 22. Send away the curious visitor jusl when your eggs are hatching. _23._Keep the^incubator_in a, place of ; I>a»tenrUlns Milk. ' Sterllzed milk is comparatively In- idigestible. The • pasteurizing process evolds tbls trouble, eaya exchange. Not only that, but it kills most forms of bacteria. Some astonishing figures have been obtained from bacteriological, teats in this covintry and, abroad, ehowlng that the number of germs was decreased from one-half to four- fifths by the pasteurizing process. Pasteurizing Is at present used mainly lu the milk trade in this country and only In a lew Instances, but In Denmark, more . than four-fifths of the creameries pasteurize their cream before making: butter, and nearly all of the butter that scored the highest at the Pantsh butter exhibition was from pasteurized cream. Pasteurizing ia a form of heating and treating milk and eream that can be applied to large yuan titles at small expense by means of tha improved outfits for thla purpose now pn the market. Hand-Raised Calf.—By proper care and management tihe calf raised., by iiacd will develop Juat as rapidly as if it had run with the cow, and It is very c&rtain that it:wiU cogt much lega. Do not let It run with the cow at all. Feed at the start -with" new milk only, and feed often; never let it over-load Us .—Ex. , W. D, Hoard says that the progress | dairy knowledge among the fanners K» slow that sometimes it ueems like . to fertillza a million acres of with Ihe breadth pf a aelter. separator work a r@¥OMitionlet; it moderate temperature. A^wiiHow on one side will make that side cooler than the other. 24. Do not expect to hatch without work.' The mah who expects to get chicks by trusting to the regulator to keep the heat regulated does not deserve, Bucess. Work is required for other stock that need winter care, and the artificial ben is no exception. 25. Begin with one incubator, anjl learn, before you try more than one., 26. No matter how much you read, experience will be the. best teacher. 27. Have your Incubartor warm before you put In the eggs.'...;' 28. A child can not manage an Jn- cubatur; all claims to the contrary notwithstanding. Incubators are not toys, Do not turn over a man's work to a boy. ; 29. Let the bulb of a thermometer touch a fertile egg. •30. In the winter the hen win not hatch, over one-half of her eggs, nor raise one-half of her chicks. The incubator and brooder, if skillfully managed, will do better than this.—H. P. Jacobs, In Farm Poultry. ininol* Orftngf, Str<pt!^Tisnn county, hsa a printed program for all of its semi-monthly meetings a year ahead. Manhattan Orange, Will county, and Union Grange, McLsfen county, each report a g&ln of fifteen memberB. CrainvlHe Grange, Williamson: county, !s but lately organized, yet IB awakening the farmers to the necessity of organizing, and is gaining members. Friendship Gran-go, DeKalb county, will not let the "buffet of hard times run It out, but will \vork on with courage and perseverance. Mrs. L. G. Chapman and' O. B. Pratt have been addressing farmers' meetings In that county. Perry Grange, Pike county, Is planning for a good year*a wort; the three principal officers are J, W. Dorsey, C. T. Browning and W. H. Bradbury. Orange Grange , and Rome Grange, Peorla county, are each gain- Ing many new .members and planning work on practical lines In Whalf of farm interests. C. V. Coulter is out among the farmers of Crawford county talking on the topics'of organization, and. enrolling names for more new granges. C. I. McColllster reports successful efforts at co-operatlVe buying and selling in some of the Greene county granges, every dollar saved counts nowadays. Dunlap Grange has established a minor department ol Quips, quirks and qulbblea, called the "Chip Basket," not to make fun the main lusue, but for a peppery mix with the eraver matters of >the program. From the standpoint of the farmer it don't look quite square that he must needs trudge off to the post office for his mail or do without, while Uncle Sam pays out millions of money to carry every man's mail to his own door In the city. And now congress proposes to offset the cost of this injustice by an increased rate on the books tlic farmer must get through the mail or do-without. E. R. Simmons, secretary of the Jersey County Grange don't indorse a prevalent opinion that the farmer's business Is to attend strictly to his farming, pay his taxes, say- nothing and let the corporations manage the legislation, whereas it is the farmer's right to inquire if he is paying more than his share of the taxes; if tb,e law makers and state officials are extravagant; it the state Institutions are conducted in an honest and 'economical Banner, and If the legislators realize that Ihere are other interests than those of corporations needing attention. Hence he sees the necessity of fanners pushing into the thick of poii- tlca - Thos.Kebdy, . Sec. State Grange. Dunlap, 111.. March, 1897. HAX!QC at Illinois Unlv'ergety. The first reports of the sophomore' assault upon the freshman supper overdid .the matter a little. The young lady whose eyes were Injured has fully recovered. . Yet the affair was disgraceful enough. The council of administration of the faculty has investigated the affair very deliberately and carefully and as a result nine students have been expelled. Nearly all of the sophomores and freshmen have given their pledge to. the university that th'ey will not again engage in au assault upon other students or do any other thing which will subvert the good order of the institution. . President Drap» er sympathizes with all manner of legitimate sport biit it is for the ejjpul- sion of any student who injures an-- 1 other, destroys property or Interferes with the orderly progress ; of unlyersi- gains That you can get only at the Sterling Department Store. No stick prices as quoted below were ever offered before. OUR PRICES ARE ALWAYS TH£ LOWEST. Gray Enameled Ware—Strictly First Grade. lO-qt. Dish Pan... «... 44fc 14-qt. " «- 4Oo 17-qt. " *« •.. 500 lO-qt. Water Pails.......... 4Oc 12-qt. " " 6»<j 2-qt. Dairy Pan ............ 12o 3-qt. " " I4<s 1-qt. Padding Pan ........ Ho 2-qt. " " ...r.... 14c 3-qt. " " ...,'.... IGc 4-qt, " " ... : ...... 180 No. 3 Teakettle.. 37c No. 26 Wash Basin ...'...... " 28 " " ......... 100 1%-qt. Tea or Cofiee Pots... \SJ0e 2-qt. « " *•' ... 34o Nickel Plated Ware at Half the Usual Price. Mrs. Potts' Sad Irons—3 Irons, handle and stand.. 50o TINWARE PRICES. In onr Special Optical Department we receive ftnfi tfie6 all the latest devices In both frames and lenses, and can especially rec- ommena the tise of the above illustrated nose-guards in connect• tion with the modern eyeglasses. The lower part of the guard AA etlpporta the eyeglasses, while the pads BB, hairing small springe with alight extra tension, prevents the the glasses from slipping in any direction, besides affording & more perfect hold with lees annoying pressure. Fitted in gold, gold filled, steel, and aluminum, with rime or rimless, at our Optical Department. CLARK, QIDDINQS & CO, 119 THIRD STREET. SAMPLES IN THE WINDOW, Real Estate,.. For Sale and Exchange* 10-qt. Flaring Pail. 8d 6-qt. Pudding Pan 9o Elec.trio Sifter.........„.'.:.... 9c 4-qt.Stew Pan.-.............. Oo Coffee and Tea Pot . To 2-qt. pails ........ 4o Cookie and Cake Cutter.... lc Chopping Knife.., v So Wash Basin.................. 4& Galvanized Wash Basin.... . Oo Japanned Cuspidor......... Go Comb Case ............1. ...•/. So Door Hinges, per pair.:..,.. 2o Dep'iiit Slore, Wallace Block. RENTING AND COLLECTIONS. '1 240 acres of land adjoining Kock Falls, well improved, at a -Jjargain,. 130 acres, two miles west of-Rock Falls, will be sold cheap. * 80 acres, within.five miles of Sterling. > 80 acres, two miles from Harmon, to trade for Rock Falls property.. '. ; , «> , -*• -•'-.- • - . - ' •"' , • ' ' " • • ' " •Western Land to exchange for Chicago Equities. B. Over E,D. Davis' Store. Cor. First Ave. and Third St; _ty_aftatrB. - who violate the laws should be treated Just as other persons who do so. The decided stand taken by the faculty has lifted the sentiment of the ; university to a higher plane" and the outcome has given new confidence to all friends of the Institution. Indeed, '(lie university haa had many compliments for its vigorous action. Wlater ESES for Hatching.—All poultry growers know that it is the early eggs that- produce the strongest and best chickens, and the ones that Will be most profitable for egg productlpn. But two cautions are to be observed in Batting the earliest eggs. One is to be BUre that the egg is impregnated. When fowls are cloaely confined, &S they are likely-to be in cold weataer, %oma of the early eggs may fail to have the germ which develops Into the future chick. Such egga c&a be ea^ly detected by,holding them to the llgbt. If the germ is .present, it will shew a dark place In. some part of the egg. rhoae not showing this speck should bo ijected, The second fcaution la against .ting the eggs >be badly chilled, either e or after setting. It doss not oedd a freezing temperature t» destroy tba germ. When tbia is killed. Hitting m the egg ma,k*s it addle very -Wx, A young man of Casper, Wyo., saya he has a liquid which will kill every wolf and coypte in.the state. He in- Jecta three drops beneath the skin of a coyote or wolf which he has trapped alive, and his operation is 'repeated three times in twelve hours. And then the animal Is released, green eyed, with dilated pupils, frothing at the m'outh, and raving mad. It lives from, thirty to forty hours after being liberated, but, like & dog -with hydrophobia, it bites everything it meets, and Bvery other wolf bitten becomefi Inoculated, and in this'way the poison spreads and,death follows at a rapid rate. The Stockmen's association -will make a satisfactory contract with the Inventor if he can give, assurance that the inoculated .wolves will not bite the cattle and devastate the range with hydrophobia. Saving Manure.—All stable floors Bhpuld te made of concrete, which will prevent the' waste of liquid excrement. This is an important part of the manure, and the solid excrement is greatly fcelped by mixing the liq&id with it. Enough dry absortwrit should be"kept under stock to absorb the liquid excrement, This is much better than trying to save the latter by itself. No liquid can be distributed economically, and, besides, liquid excrement, when fresh, will 'burn vegetation to ^wUMi it is applied. It must be competed, BO tie to rid it of the caustic properties, which makes Jt hurtful, and put Its nitrogen into form available for crops to use.— Ex. Largest and finest Line of Woolens In the city. V your orders before the rush. THEHICH CLASS MERCHANT To make this great retail store the regu- lai- daily or weekly Shopping Headquarters for as nearly as possible every family in and around Sterling, is our constant aim and effort. 113 East Third St. Invitations. Aunounooraou (« Oftlllag Oard*,BnaliieMOArd* handsomely engraved to or »v,i. „«.. tbls office, 8TKRLING STANDARD, To any person interested in humane matters, or who loves' animals, .-we wllUend free, upon application,* copy #, th £ ", AUUAISCE," the organ of this Society. In addition .to its intensely interesting rending, it contains a list of the valuable and uauaual pre- raiums given by the paper. Address THE NATIONAL HUMAN13 ALLIANCE, 410-411 Unlt*<J Charities Building, New York, • Fashionable Dress Frbrics. - '.. • -.--.* " . - , • •:'..• ',..!•- -,' i - ' . • . - ... 36-Inch all Wool Fancy Dress Goods, - '•'•". , 45-inch all Wool Fancy Black Goods, - . - ^ 45-inch all Wool Fancy Extra Black Goods, $11.25 value, We do not keep suct^ poor Oftllco that we can afford t6 eell at So. FOR THJREE DAYS-Friday, Saturday and Monday We will give with every $3.00 purchase in Dry Goods, TEN YARDS OF OUR 6c PRINTS, FREE. Muslins and Car-: pets not included in this offer. f 250 Tooth Brushes in this sale for 9c. Cuticura Soap, per bar» 150, Suits. CLOTHINQ SALE. Suits. Suits. Suits. ia the haudiaail of HIRAM MOVER, Milk and Butter Depot, *'' * . *' ' / ' "' Is the place to buy pore, milk, cream, butter, skim milk-ana butter-milk, in »ny quantity. Orders delivered, to an part of <&d dty, Nt-. ill East Thkd Btrett For Large a«4 Small Men; Big and Little Boys. SHIRTS AND HATS, , CAPS AND TIES. Shoes. All we want is. foe you to call eee what we have in the Shoe line, and the shoes sell Groceries. H, & H, Soap la thU ? ale, lOc Quaker Epllea Oats, l«= 2 -Jb. pkg, 3 Ihs. Sal Soda f or 5o ' Arbuokle'e Coffee, BICYCLE GIVEN AWAY, !>REE. Call for J. H. AHRENS, Prop fX

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