Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on February 18, 1941 · Page 33
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 33

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Tuesday, February 18, 1941
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EPTJBLIC Today Pages 112 N. CENTRAL AVB. TELEPHONE 3-1111 Tuesday Morning, February 18, 1941 ; TURKEY ABANDONS GREECE !»-— ^ Governor Senators See War Hint MovesTo£/. 5. V^ar //"Given By Board Notified ToAppea Heari Germans Greeks Capture New Peaks (Additional Story, Pace 2) \ ry • • TIC W ASHINGTON, Feb. 17—(AP)—A tense and attentive! D Tl t a 1II, U. O., senate heard Senator Pepper. Democrat, Florida, de- dare today that if the lease-lend bill failed to save England, j the United States \vould go ahead and "save them anyway." | He did not say specifically whether he meant the United | States would go to war, if necessary, but he asserted that m i the American people would not let Hitler conquer England. int . t "Whether we like it or not," he said, "they'll drive us Netherlands Assailed Sid Commission.was in-! are great!" stituted yesterday when Gov-, fa Demor error Osborn notified the com- Soners, L. C. Holmes. Lynn Ixjckhart and E. T. Houston, lo appear at 10 a. m. February 25 for a Bearing on charges of "ineff icien- Hitler, x x x The risks uncertain ,Demonstrative gallery crowds, repeatedly warned against ex- pres sions of approval or disapproval, also heard Senator Barkley of Ken *««*y. the Democratic leader, and Senator Austin of Vermont « the assistant Republican leader, plead for passa E e. of the bill, declaring that Hitler must be crushed despite the risks involved. cv neglect of duty, malfeasance "If it ever becomes necessary for us to fight, we will fight." Austin iJaeasance and nonfeasance in shouted at the climax of a heated exchange with Senator Bone. Demo- office and engaging in occupations crat , Washington, and after a surprised hush, the galleries burst into snd businesses other than their; applause—and boos. Senator Hatch, Democrat, New Mexico, presiding duties xx x. „.,_„.-,> «PV ' at tne 1ime - Darned them that a repetition would result in their exile charges we re prefer red sex-. Qn from chamber ago of a Phoenix transfer But they paid no heed and a few minutes later were demonstrates and storage business, and C. P. i again \yhen Senator Wheeler, Democrat, Montana, an opposition leader, flrnn, secretary-treasurer of the Arizona State Federation of Labor. Others May Testify The governor notified the commissioners and Mr. Coffin and Mr. flynn that he would issue sub- said this country should not assume the position of having other countries protecting it. Again the crowd was warned by the chair against showing its reactions to the oratory on the floor below. Says Hitler Must Be Defeated In the day's one set speech. Senator Barkley, opening debate on the measure, said that if England does not beat Hitler, "we shall some day At another point he poenas or any other process neces-; have to surrender to nira or de f ea t him over here." tary to procure the attendance o f ; sai( j. "I do not pretend that there are not risks, no matter what we ilo fail to do it may be a choice of risks. If we do nothing we run the risk of being fenced in as a sort of unilateral concentration camp. We 1. Failure and refusal to provide: run the risk of seeing Hie rest of the world overrun and then being witnesses. Mr. Flynn filed five charges against the commissioners. They or for by the tion act 2. Voting to return to employers about $1,000,000 during the past two years in dividends, "thus making it apparent that either the industrial commission insurance rales xxx should have been materially lowered as provided by law, or that said industrial commission li withholding, and has withheld, from injured laboring men and their widows and children 51,000,000 of the compensation rightfully due them and provided lor them by law." Unfairness Charged 3. Unfairness, favor and discrimination in making awards to Injured workmen; between employers and classes of employers in the fixing of insurance rates, and in distribution of the medical work among members of the medi- fair and unbiased examinations, i compelled to fight a hostile world or he overrun ourselves." consideration and hearings to in-j Austin engaged in a spirited colloquy with Bone on the advisability jured workmen and failure and; of j nc ] ut jj n g an amendment in the bill forbidding the sending of Amer- refasal to pay benefits provided | jcan per<:ons or sh j ps jnto war zoncs . Bone argued that such an action would be "better than war." "A world enslaved, is worse than war," Austin shouted, paring the wide irreen-carpeted middle aisle. "It's worse than death, and a country whose boys will not go out and fight to save the ideal* nf freedom from destruction hy » fiend—you won't find such boy*." His statement about America fighting followed immediately. There xvas a momentary, surprised hush, broken finally by handclapping from j n 'aij on ariwlicy? snTd the Hochfedi- i the galleries. jtorial as reported by Domei. (By Associated Tress) D OMEI, Japan's near- official news agency, quoted Chuichi Ohashi, vice- foreign minister, yesterday as saying that the United States, Britain. Australia and the Netherlands government-in-exile "seem intent upon suppressing Japan" and that Japan might "be obliged to face the issue." This, declared the published statement, "might cause serious consequences." In the face of "disquieting reports" Japanese newspapers built an anti-British "editorial bonfire," Domei wireless said. These reports were listed by Domei as: "Massing of British troops on the Thailand - Malayan frontier, the mining of the waters of Malacca straits (near Singapore), the dispatch of the 36th U. S. Bombardment Squadron to Alaska, the sit- tinsr of the Australian War Council, and the joint defense conference held by Cordell Hull, secretary of state, in Washington with diplomatic representatives of Britain. Australia and the Netherlands." England I* Blamed Britain's "nervous debility" and fear of an approaching German in- dvance in the Britain blind- Iv to measures to increase friction between Japan and Britain," the wireless said the newspaper Hochi declared. Japan will "decisively deal" with any obstacles Britain may lay down to "impede prosecution of Japan's cal profession. 4. Use of "undue influence. duress and arbitrary tactics" in investigating, hearing and adjudi- daims "thereby depriv- These episodes provided climaxes for the senate's first day of debate on the hill, a day which began with Senator Barkley urging enactment of the bill to "stop the foul aggressor in nis tracks." Barkley Challenged By Taft Immediately, he was challenged hy Senator Taft, Republican, Ohio, _ __ regard accomplish the purpose of this bill that we should declare war on Germany or enter the war.' Even if there were cause for a declaration of war on the Nazis, Barkley continued, it was "doubtful that we could help more effectively" to bring about Hitler's defeat than by passing the bill and v thereby hastening and increasing a flow of war supplies to Great Britain. England, he added with desk-pounding emphasis, does not need our men. But Taft persisted. "If war is an inevitability, if Hitler wins and that means an attack on the United States, we ought to go to war now," he said, raising his is the only reasonable and logical conclusion." "AH right, go on to war," Barkley retorted, in a bored and disparaging tone. As Barkley progressed, the attendance diminished to about 40 senators and these, their chairs turned toward the speaker, listened carefully Some scrawled notes on a scratch part. Senator Vandenberjj, Republican Michigan, and Senator Nye. Republican, North Dakota, both with their chins cupped in their hands, sat with their eyes constantly turned toward Barkley. This war in Europe, Barkley said, was not "a war merely of boundaries" but "a war of ideas, a war of philosophies, a war to impose upon the world a system of moral, economic and political controls to which it has never been subjected." "Revolution Apainst Freedom" „,, -Can there be any doubt of the intention of Hitler lo impose this maintenance of a solvent stale' Hi svstem upon the whole world, including the United States? 325 ™ ^Jffi i Although iiitler call, it a revolution of young nations and youngpeoples fits x x x." 5. Delegation of judicial authority to employees of ihe com- Bussion in the' adjudication of ™ims ahd condonation and ratification of "arbitrary abuses of «uch judicial powers on the part 11* employees." Coffin Chares Listed 'ges preferred against the haz- conrniissioners by Mr. Coffin: 1. Failure to determine 1 he .„„. WB of the different classes of or<«« md industries and fix ne rates of premiums therefor at f,lowest rate consistent with the AS for .Japanese-American relations the trade, journal Chucai said, "If a wrong »tep i* made there's no tellinc what Jap progress is hound to disturb the peace," the wireless related. Of the Washington conference held by Secretary Hull Saturday the newspaper Yomiuri declared "it's safe to assume concrete measures" in the Pacific were discussed. Situation Called Grave. The Australian government declared last week that the Pacific situation had reached a stage of "utmost gravity." Causes or effects of this "gravity" include: Reports of Japanese naval movements in the China sea. of Japanese concentration of 150,000 troops in the Canton area of South China, in French Indo-China, Hainan island. Formosa, and the Spratly Islands and of a ".nucleus" military air base established by the Japanese at Saigon, Indc-China, less than four hours' flight from the British Singapore naval base. Protective mining of Singapore sea approaches. Renewed advice to United States and British nationals to leave various parts of the Orie,nt. Interested In Philippine* One of the passages attributed to A THENS, Feb. 17— (AP) /~\ In hand-to-hand combat backed by deadly artillery fire, Greek forces on the Central Albania front tonight reported the capture of new peaks while inflicting heavy losses on their Italian foes and taking 300 prisoners. The Oreck military spokesman, in a restrained account of the fierce fighting emid rugged mountains, praised the courage of the Italian* but said their defense and counterattacks were alike unsuccessful. "The offensive action hy our troops in the central sector has resulted in the capture of enemy positions 1,700 meters (more than a mile) high." the spokesman said, "and complete occupation of the wh:'e region taken recently." (Reports from the border town of Bitolj, Yugoslavia, said the heights taken by the Greeks controlled the routes to Valona and Berati and described these peaks as the most important yet taken in the Greek counter-invasion against the Italians.) "During this operation," said the Greek spokesman, "the Italian troops fought well but were forced to withdraw with' losses inflicted on them mainly while retreating." non lunti with proper j .„.....„,: Hit , cr cal j s j t . „ revolution of young nations ana young peoples Ohashi hy Domei was laken_by on- and reserve "in violations*' 1 ™"*"" , decadcnt na ti ons , we have already recognized it for 'visions of the workmen's «s«'nsi oiu revolution against every freedom for «"npensation laws x x x." *- Improperly administering ™ funds in their charge, ex- Ming funds, collection of P«mmms from certain em- Wen, purchase of equipment ™ distribution of medical wont, J" addition Mr. Coffin charged ?"' JtiOlmPC It'l fU f,vtf,r,fT\t\ft in with engaging in le and fruit farming ajid T»«,&I K President of the racy-Holmes Fruit Company and 5Lockhartwith engaging in cat- in S mg and Political activity of R. T. Jones, former who was defeated by n °r Osborn for ihe Demolas! Ill what it is an inhuman ann oesuai revolution against every which men have striven through centuries of hardship." At^ome length, he quoted Hitler and various Hitler l.eutenants on thC EKVght 1 ^!Ses,es x x x can we doubt that economic domination will be followed by political intrigue and in i trat.on," he asked "and that economic and political domination will produce a prodigious effort at military domination in all countries upon which this system shall be imposed? Would Face Hostile World "If Hitler should win, we will face, there, not only a hostile Gcr- manv but a hostile world. If he wins he will control all of Europe, many DUI « m»i < u..,,»i. Mm nr m-pr him. he wi 1 con- manv u a . ?Sd K Mussolini should survive through him, or over him, he will con servers as a possible hint of Japa nese displeasure over increased American naval forces at Manila. This was: "Japan is interested in the Philippines as a friendly neighbor and therefore desires that the islands not endanger Japan in the future." He said that negotiations with colonial authorities in the rubber, tin and oil-rich Netherlands East Indies were reopening at Batavia as a result of conversations he had in Tokyo with the Netherlands minister, "General J. C. Pabst. "The Dutch attitude at first was not auspicious and misreports led to increased tension in the East Indies," the vice- fomRii minister said, ii Jill's ,- business and TOtnbership on anv commit• any political party. Must Feed Victims 01 War posor ttatt leek 1 60vern Nent does not in- lal 'g p shi P' in Supplips lo Europe ' i lles ' undersecretary of sa id this government is obligated under to provide ade- f ° r pe ° ples of encai this statement in '° Questions concerning government's atti- Proposal of Her- fo ™ cr President, to „ nrake or repudiate defending upon the success of his course. P who would "sneer down" any state- at those who would men "United States 1. in imminent penl of invasion H ° tave ^ do » he said, "is take away the protection a d w lid be under threats of invasion We f inwi a w X „« ? 1 o be nvaded we would only have to be under threat would not have to t «wa \, [ve SQ ° f would be required to go on the aeiensive so would have to cash in all our freedom, all ..f set up here a totalitarian state in order we would be prepared." Train Is Derailed, 14 Cars Wrecked MOUNTAINAJR, N. M., Feb. 17— i_A f,ast east-bound Santa Fe rould be fed advantage to Ger- F^fc 10 , Bel /?T t0 f^ghrraden ^ ve S eta bl es was CM., .jr.the poopies of the oc- W^ ^ Mountainair today , wrecking 14 cars and tearing up about 150 yards of track Officials said the accident was caused by a broken wheel on a car near the end of the tram. Vegetables from West coast grow Welle, ««mei!t ndl d?H ted 1h " America " rtiFAtat. "iu toven, m 5. .'"li not approve of Proposal. He said this wished it emphasized ,. People )n 4? e( i uatp feeding of the ™ ™nquei*d territories Germany. ing areas were strewn along the rieht of way. No persons were injured. Norway Railway Damage Is Told STOCKHOLM, Sweden, Feb. 17— (AP) Reports from Norway tonight told of a number of damaging derailments on the railroad between Oslo and Bergen in recent weeks. The most serious was said to have occurred last, week when a German military train was wrecked in a tunnel by rails placed across the tracks. Protests Send Pension Bill To Committee Senators Vote Added Study Of Old-Age Legislation (Additional Stories, Log, Page 8) THE OLD-AGE assistance proposal which last Thursday tentatively was approved by the Arizona Senate yesterday was struck by a new storm of protest which swept it back into the committee on judiciary for further study. Before voting a "do pass" recommendation for the measure last week, the senate in committee of the whole had amended it to make the maximum monthly allowance S35 in place of the S40 pledged in the Democratic state platform. It further inserted a provision for legal action against offspring of old-age assistance recipients who are found financially able to care for them. Both amendments were met by a renewed broadside of opposition when the committee of the whole report—the senate had not been in session since Thursday—came up for adoption. The result was that the report recommending "do pass" for Senate Bill 29—the old-age assistance allowance increase measure introduced jointly by A. R. Edwards of a county and H. H. Baker of Yuma—was rejected, to the applause of scores of oldsters who packed the senate gallery. Senator Baker as cosponsor of Ihe hill opposed not only the amendment reducing the maximum o 535—the present maximum is $30 per month—hut.the relatives' responsibility provision inserted Thursday on motion of Hubert H. d'Autremont of Pima county. SOPS Unconstitutionally The Yuma senator declared that, despite Senator d'Autremont's assurances that similar legislation has been enacted and enforced in California and other states, the relatives' responsibility provision most likely would be found to be unconstitutional, leaving the old folks with no benefits. His batlle to block further progress of the bill in its present form was joined strongly by Senator Edwards, and by Marvin E. Smith of Maricopa county who again reminded the senators that the Democratic platform had pledged a maximum allowance of $40 per month-matching hy the stale of Italians' Defeat Is Clinched All Duce's Men Are Driven From Egypt C AIRO, Egypt, Feb. 17— (AP)—Britain's Army of the Nile wrote "the end" today to the first phase of its African campaign with a report that no Italians remain in Egypt. Kenya Colony or the Anglo- Egyptian Sudan "except as prisoners." All action has been in Italy's empire in North and East Africa since February 14, when the British reoccupied Kurmuk, a strategic post on Ethiopia's western frontier with the Sudan, a general headquarters communique reported. With the land fronts generally quiet, the chief attack assignments fell to the Royal Air Force. Hangars Are Bombed The airdrome at Brindisi, important Southern Italian port, and hangars and airdromes at Catania, Comiso and Gela, on the island of Sicily which has served as a base, for Nazi dive-bombers, were raided | Saturday night. In widespread air activity in support of ground forces, the RAF communique reported "heavy damage" to an airfield in Italian Eritrea and to grounded planes in Ethiopia, a dive-bombing attack on Italian positions along the Juba river in Somaliland. sinking of a 7,000-ton merchant ship off the Tunisian coast and the downing of a German bomber by Australian fighter pilots near Bengasi. A renewed advance was reported toward Gondar, Ethiopia, where British forces were pressing ahead east of Lake Rudolf. Heavy Guns Srizrd With the capture of Chisimaio, P ro " I Somaliland port taken last week, the communique said the Fascists in that southernmost zone of Italian East Africa had been pushed back about 100 miles into the col- Bulgaria Pact Clears Route For Germany (Additional War Stories, Page 5) ] S OFIA, Bulgaria, Feb. 17—(AP)—A Bulgarian-Turkish^ nonaggression statement issued here tonight was, interpreted by reliable informants to mean that Greece was* in danger of being left out on a limb and might have to sua for peace with Italy or suffer the consequences of a German? thrust against her. '-• However, the statement clearly announced that agree-| merit to keep the peace was reached "without prejudice to;their contracted engagements with other countries," a stlpu«j lation that Greek sources said was "encouraging" for Greecaf Leaves Way Open 1 Strictly interpreted, informants acknowledged, Turkey; had left the way open to aid Greece, with whom she has aj mutual assistance pact. They reasoned, however, that since Turkey did not move to aid Greece when Italy attacked heij there was no reason to suppose the Turks would help Greece should Germany move; against her without violating Turky's borders. . •;. (Authorized British sources i». London said the statement solely concerned those two countries,' but they derided reports that such an agreement would remove any difficulty for the Ger* mans should they cross Bulgaria in an effort to force Greece 'tos Nazi-Italian Sea Warfare Pact Reached wls in HIP South Seas arc vital questions we hope to settle tliom without resorting to force," Domei quoted Ohashi as telling the accounts committee of the lower house of the Japanese parliament. "Widespread misreports that Japan was planning imminent action in the South Seas," he said, apparently produced a recent Washington conference among Secretary Hull and the envoys of Britain, Australia and the Netherlands. Danes Ship Protest Seizure COPENHAGEN (Via Berlin) — Feb. 17— (AP)— The government of Denmark has decided to protest against confiscation of three Danish steamships, by the Chilean government, DNB, the official German news agency, reported today. The foreign ministry, DNB said had instructed the Danish minister to Chile to submit "energetic protest" and demand restoration of the ships. The Chilean government seized three Danish vessels, the Frida, Lota and Belga, Saturday, promising to indemnify their owners and declaring they would be used to carry on "commercial exchange with other foreign countries". $ by llic federal government against the $15 allowed when Hie present old-age assistance law was enacted. Coxon Offers View Only that portion of the federal allowanco which is matched hy the state becomes payable to assistance recipients. William Coxon of Final county, who Thursday had expressed be- lirf Arizona will become the goal of folk who seek assistance "in thn evening of their lives", in detriment to the state's actual pioneers to whom Arizona owes its real debt, entered the argument to say he would favor a flat allowance of S50 a month if only he could be assured the persons receiving it had been in Arizona long enough to be entitled to it. Dehate swirled across the senate floor for nearly an hour before the bill went back to committee. 0 • , . Boulder Power Fund Is Asked WASHINGTON, Feb. 17-tAP)- President Roosevelt asked congress today for an additional appropriation of $1.000,000 to continue installation of generating units at the Boulder Dam powejjplant, ^ ony to the Juba river and "quantities of guns and war materials of all kinds" were seized. Heavy coast defense and antiaircraft guns were among these, it was reported from Nairobi, Kenya. Chisimaio was an important Italian military position at the head of a good coastal road running to Mogadiscio, Somaliland capital. OASIS DEFENSE HOLDS ROME. Feb. 17— (AP)— In a determined last-ditch fight, the Italian garrison at Giarabub oasis, isolated in the heart of the Libyan desert, was reported still fighting off British tank units, bombing planes and artillery. The war bulletin of the Italian high command today said the defenders of Giarabub had smashed "violent" British attacks. The Italians were fighting from concrete redoubts squat- tins; in the shadow of the Libyan desert inecca of the Mohammedan Scnussi sect. The garrison was aided hy stragglers from Bardia who crossed 150 miles of desert to avoid surrender after the British rapture, Fascists said. The Giarabub garrison, under Major Castagna, was cut off when Bardia fell and has been dependent on transport planes from Tripoli for food and ammunition. Military observers pointed out that British control of Eastern Libya made the position of Giara- bub—150 miles inland, near the Egyptian-Libyan horde r—almost hopeless. The high command said German air force units bombed British air bases and communications along More Ship Sinkings Are Reported By Germans BERLIN, Feb. 17—(UP)—Germany and Italy have reached a new agreement for "waging a common sea war against England," it was announced tonight as the Nazi high command reported the destruction of vital British shipping in new U-boat and bombing attacks. German Grand Adm. Erich Raeder and Italian Adm. Arturo Riccardi were revealed by the official DNB agency to have conferred Thursday and Friday at Merano in the Italian Tyrol near the Brenner pass for "an exchange of opinions in a comradely spirit resulting in complete agreement for waging a common sea war against England." (The further "operative collaboration" of the Italian and German navies was discussed during the conference of the chiefs of the two axis fleets, and "complete accord was reached on all problems," an official com- munique issued in Rome said.) Ship Sinkings Claimed No further details of the Merano meeting was divulged in German quarters. The high command meanwhile reported that German bombers sank two more British ships near their home ports Sunday and that two German submarines had sunk 15,000 more tons of merchant shipping otj the high seas. SeveTi British planes were reported shot down over the continental coast and over Malta, in the Mediterranean. The luftwaffe continued to attack factories, airdromes, trdop camps and harbor works in Britain—particularly on the Southeast coast—the communique said. Sinks In Few Seconds One U-boat commander, the high command said, reported sinking 11,000 tons of shipping and another, the Mediterranean •o- coast. Ship Menaced make peace with Italy. Theyf, assumed that Turkey still main** tained freedom of actiqn in con«f; nection with her existing obllga-p tions which include a treaty? with Britain). The core of the agreement which was signed in Ankara, Turkey, Is the first article: _ "Turkey and Bulgaria consider as the unchangeable foundation of their foreign policies, abstinence from all aggression." Sukru Saracoglu, Turkey's foreign minister, was reported to hav*: declared after the signing: "Small things occasionally can? bring about great events and cause! much good. The modest document we have just signed can perhaps; prevent complications in the Bal-; kans." Reliable quarters said the accord meant Germany would stay clear of Turkey, and that a major obstacle to any German march through Bulgaria toward Greece had been removed. Soviet Russia was believed te have had a hand in putting pressure on Turkey to keep her fron becoming involved with Germany Today's agreement possibly eliminated one contractual engagement on Turkey's part which was con< tained in the Pact of Balkan Un. derstanding signed February 9 1934, by Rumania, Greece, Turkejf and Yugoslavia. That pact provided that Greece, for example, were attackJ ed "by a non-Balkan power, anq that if a Balkan state joined In th«? aggression," then Turkey woul| have to march to Greece's aid. No Longer Obligated But diplomatic sources point out Bulgaria now has made it cleatf she is not planning to join anj German move against Greece, se under the terms of the pact; Turkey would not be obligated t<* aid Greece. A collective nonaggression pact- was signed by Bulgaria, Turkey: who previously had reported 20,000 Rumania, Greece and Yugoslavia JJ - J - July 31, 1938. But today^s two* tons sunk, added a 4,000-ton vessel to his bag. A direct bomb hit sank a 6,000- ton British freighter within a few seconds off Peterhead, the com- munique said, a small merchantman was sunk west of Ireland and a large freighter was damaged by a direct bomb hit off Great Yarmouth. TEXAS CITY, Tex., Feb. 17(AP)—One man was killed and 14 were hospitalized today as fire swept the docks of the Pan-American Refining Company, threatening to engulf a tanker loaded with 107,000 barrels of gasoline destined for the Norfolk, Va., naval base. Thirty-two crewmen scrambled over the sides of the tanker, the Pan-Massachusetts, after loading; lines on the dock exploded and sent flames toward the ship. A fourth assistant engineer, Walter Sehmitt, lost his grip as he sought to go hand-over-hand along a ship-to-shore rope, and drowned. Fourteen men were taken to clinics for treatment of shock and exposure. They were Charles Moss, \V. VV. McCormick, Conrad Brown, Andy Matwry, Dan Calnan, Walter Schnabel, Joe Cruehon, Howard Burleigh, S. Marshall, J. C. Midgette, chief engineer, T. E. Farnan, H. B. Oliver, George Parthe- nis and H. C. Hood. The vessel was not damaged seriously, although its sides were scorched. First reports were that a violent explosion had occurred amidships, but these later proved erroneous. The cause of the blaze and explosions was not ascertained. Girls Clothing Stripped By Rail OGDEN, Utah, Feb. 17—(INS)— Embarrassed and still trembling from her brush with death, Miss Kathryn Noble of Malad, Ida., today told Utah police how a rail pierced the car in which she was clothes, While riding with Dr, William D, Pace of Ogden, Miss Noble related, the car crashed into a guard fence. A horizontal rail drove through the radiator, pierced the driver's seat between the doctor and herself and penetrated the trunk in the rear. In passing, it ripped her clothes off and carried them into the trunk. She suffered only bruises, she said. Officers investigated and found the battered car in a garage—transfixed by a wooden rail 12 feet long, three inches thick and 10 inches wide. San Juan Reached By Dixie Clipper SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico, Feb. 17 (AP)—The Pan American Airways Dixie Clipper, which left Lisbon Saturday ahead of a disastrous hurricane, arrived at San Juan late today and was scheduled to taT.e off again tonight for New York. The Clipper has 5,000 pounds of mail aboard, leaving room for only four passengers: David H. Buffum of the U. S. Embassy in Rome, Mrs. Buffum; Samuel Grover, U. S. state department courier; and Ronald Steel, attached to the British purchasing mission in New York. . A sided restatement was interpreted gleefully in axis quarters as prooj that Turkey, despite her status as a non-belligerent ally of the British, would stand aloof front 1 Greece's troubles. A tangle of diplomatic maneuW ering lay behind the accord. It was understood that in return for Germany's promise to leave Turkey alone and keep away from the Dardanelles, Soviet Russia put pressure on the Turkish government with implication that Russia would be forced to seek return of the "lost" provinces of Kars and Ardahan from. Turkey should the Turks become embroiled with Germany over passage of Nazi troop* In the eyes o( most .. r , observers the platitudes'of tfi Bulgarian-Turkish accord seemed to have sealed the fate of Greece and to have squeezed Britain out of her last small foothold in South-: western Europe. Reliable informants even doubt-! ed that an advance. by German! troops through Bulgaria would b«5 necessary to cause Greece to yield'' They felt that the threat of it; without any opposition to Ger-' many from' the Turkish flank; would be enough to stop Greeks. Nazi Diplomatist Wins The kingpin of this latest vioc'i tory for axis diplomacy is under*' stood to be Franz von Papen, acf Nazi diplomatist. It was said that, he played a big part in bringing; the Turks and the Bulgars together. The negotiations, culmi* nated by the accord, have beetf going on for weeks. ; While the British were trying to tie Turkey ever closer in theiij; alliance—which was based or>; pledges of mutual assistance against any "aggression" leading to war in the Eastern Mediter} ranean—Von Papen was at worlf behind the scenes in Ankara Sofia. j Von Papen, who was Germany'^ pre-anschluss ambassador to Aus| tria, now is ambassador to Turkey

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