THE rAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pawpa, Texas —- ;- ; :—• • , i —l:—-• •- • • • « - - THlfilSi>A1f EtENlHG, JtJNE 11, WHAT FOREIGN TRADE MEANS The United States News says that "lost foreign trade at the United States would have paid the federal relief bills." The observation is startling, and of value only whwi placed in the proper setting. One might gather that loss of foreign trade was something 1 preventable, and that the necessity of relief could have been avoided. It is true that exorbitant tariffs hastened the decline of foreign trade. But much of our Jjost-war trade with other countries was based on foreign loans. There had to be an end to these loans, which in PUZZLED? to Daily NEWS information service in Washington, D. C. A COLUMN Of Facts you have often wished to see in print. Read it daily! A reader can jet the answer to any question of fact by Writing th* Pampa Daily NEWS' Information Bureau, Frederic 3. Haskin, director, Washington. D. C. Please enclose three (3) ccsls for reply. Q. Who was thr first man in Scotland to bear the ducal Utlo? Si S. A. David Stewart. Duke of Rothi:- sny, the son of Rc-bert III. less work. In mythology, the Dan- aides were punished in Hades for murdering their husbands by having to draw water everlastingly ill sieves from a deep we'll. Q. Where and when did the first legislative assembly in America meet? B. H. B. A. Jt was held in Jamestown. Va.. bcp.inning July 30. 1619. Q. Was Venezuela named for Q. Where is monastery to which j venire? S. T. Frederick G. Bonfils' daughter con-j A. The name means Little Venice tribuU'd u large sum? S. C. G. I nnd was given to the country by the A. Mrs. Berry man. daughter of j tho hue publisher, contributed the money to (he Diorese. of Denver, many instances transferred goods, not money, to other countries. In 1934, value .of exports of United States products c'oia. to cninmc ami rebuild n Franto foreign countries was more than $3,300,000,000 undericiscan monastery. The umkiiny will the record 1929 level—and the federal government spent ! bc known '" liu ' uonfiis Memorial over $2,300,000,000 on relief. In 1935, the relief bill was! '"" $3,188,000,000—and the loss in foriegn trade from the! 1929 figure was $8,252,000,000. Estimates hold that this! year our foreign trade loss as compared with the greatest •' fc<H "'",''!''''/ ! ! I1C| K0 "" tl [iim * im '|"- k>cl i»'T,eiy io iiic establishment oi rff thp boom vonrq will ho 'iliniit "!'', flfin find nnf) .,.! run oti at, JJ feel a minute, [he type of discipline which lias 01 tne OOOm yeaiS \\lll UO .lUotlt ^..,,000,000,000—almost; o . Hmv , mnv Mw .. MooiM . Pnif; . co me to be.'regarded as characteristic cnrly Spaniards because they found some water-dwelling Indians, reminding them of Venice. Q. How did .Thomas Arnold in- fluciu-e education in EiiR-land? E. R. A. Thomas Arnold was headmaster of liut'by for 14 years, t'rem 1H28 to 1K42. He assumed in an intimate i-tsy J.U. \viiy the social and intellectual leacl- lilms were run off HI :;(l|(T.sliiu of the whool and conlrib- pjpecisely what the U. S. Treasury is going to pay outjsian,: its relfef. Thiue, for the three-year period, our lost foreign trade totals approximately $10,000,000,000—and relief cost the taxpayers of the country around $8,500,000,000 in the same period. Had we been able to keep foreign trade.on the 1920 level during depression, we could have paid the entire cost of federal relief out of the receipts, and had the neat sum of a billion-and-a-half left over.for other .purposes. Of course, nothing could have enabled us to maintain our trade at that level—the world-wide depression, coupled with general uncertainty in Europe, currency wars and fluctuations and other monetary disturbances, tariffs and embargoes, were responsible for most of the loss. The domestic AAA program is believed by some to have been a.factor in reducing agricultural exports; officials of the AAA say that we couldn't have found markets for our surplus even if crop reductions had never been put into effect. But it is a fact that the welfare of a number of big- industries, and a vast amount of employment, hinge on foreign trade. In the latest years for which complete figures are available, Department of Commerce tabulations show that this country has sent abroad half of the cotton crop, two-thirds of all refined copper, one-third of farm machinery and lubricating oils, 40 per cent of air crafts, and a little less th'an 20 per cent of radios. These items are simply samples. If, tomorrow, all our existing foreign markets were suddenly closed to us, industry and agriculture would be plunged into havoc. Assistant Secretary of State Sayre has published a booklet on just what.foreign trade means to- the farmer and worker—and the conclusions drawn are thought-provoking in the extreme. According to this authority, loss of our foreign markets would mean that we would have to retire almost 9,000,000 acres of wheat land, 23,000,000 acres of cotton land, 655,000 acres of tobacco land, more than 9,000,000 aeres of corn land used for raising hogs, and 7,000,000 acres of land used for grazing hoses which work the other land. The lotal comes to over 40,000,000 acres which today support Sj200,000 people. An even bigger problem, Secretary Sayre points out, exists in the industrial field. Conservative estimates place th'e industrial population directly dependent upon exports at 7,500,000. Add this to the farm population also depending on foreign buying, and you have close to Il',0p0,000 people whose economic security hinges on foreign trade. Anyone with a workable answer to the question of how foreign trade may be increased, would certainly be a national benefactor—unfortunately, no one has the answer, and experts differ greatly in their theories. Certain things are obvious, however—such as the problem of: tariffs, and the eternal question of how American workers are to be protected from cheap-labor foreign competition. The state department, under Secretary Hull, has sought to increase foreign business through reciprocal trade agreements with a number of powers, of wh'ich Canada is the most important, and some progress has been made. But it's still a tough situation. The United States News points out something that is not generally realized—that imports as well as exports crseate jobs in this country. Many imported materials must be processed or serviced. All of them must be transported and distributed. This requires labor, and a lot of it. But Americans are so versatile, our resources are so varied that almost any imported thing is likely to displace some Iglbor. The surest conclusion is that smart economic planning, both nationally and internationally, can alone tend to> prevent, or at least to make less frequent, the cycles o£ depression which in recent years have been harassing to> millions. v blue-Wooded- Pnis- Juukers arc there left, in Oer- A. it i.s estimated that there are atom I'J.O'M fiimiliw;. bill Iliey :uv not conspicuous in Gernuui |>olities. Q. How miifli perspiration doc.s .1 person exude in a duy? C. F. A. A. Tin 1 amount norinrilly ed by a healthy person varie:; from about I'L> to 5 pints n day. Th.' amount increascK with exorcise and high temperature. Q. Who was the first man np- poinled to the United State.s Su- prtinc Court bench? G. G. M. A. John Jiiy was evidently UK' j first man appointed to the Supromo S j Court .since Washington is said io have offiri-ecl him his choice of federal offices, lie chose to be eliiel' of the sorcalled English public schools. He was in' 1'uvor of classical studies but he also provided Co' 1 modern history, modern lan- j;u;v.',es. and mathematics in the cur-' liet'Utm. The integrity of his character and his influence on the boys' attending .Ktlfjby is reflected' In Thomas Hughes' Tom Brown's School Diiys. Q. What kind of wood is used for Venetian blinds? L. R. P. A. Usually, buwiwood or cedar is wed. Cj. Who established Drexel Institute In Philadelphia? E. K. A. It wits founded in 1891 by Anthony J. Drexel. Q. Who invented the air brake? H. G. P. justice. He retired July 1, 1795. I A. This device was invented by Q. Why is an actor culled a Tho- i George We.stinghou.se Jr. in 1SS9 spian? D. A. A. Thespls, who lived in the sixth century, B. C.. is reputed to be Hit Q. What part oi a ship is a ratline? S. D. A. It is one of the small trans- founder of Greek tragedy. > verse ropf-.s between the shrouds. Q. How many banks in the Uniuu > Ratlines form the rounds of the States are 100 years old? L. P. : ladders in the ship's rigging. A. As of January 1. 1935. there i Q. How many pilgrims are re- were 1G8 banks that had been :n ! ceivert by Pope Pius XI? E R continuous existence over 100 years. | A. In "one year His Holiness re- Q. Was John Masefield, English i ceived more than 1.250.000 poet laureate, ever a sailor? A. T. j Q. In what state do hotels which A. He ran away from home at tiiejar? not open the year 'round take ags of 14 and became a sailor. | in the most money? A. W Q. Wlwt is Danaid's work? D. N. j A. In Florida. "New York rank-, jA. ^Itjneans endless and purpose-'second, and New Jersey third. BOOTS ANDliER BUDDIES Q. How was the ice mine near Coudersport. Pn.. discovered? M. M. A. A shaft was dug with the hope of finding silver. The project was abandoned. The crevices in the rock filled with ice. although it was summer. This natural phenomenon has a scientific explanation. Q. What makes flowers fragrant? G. S. A. The frffgrance of flowers is due to special essences or Oils which the plants produce. These oils are complicated compounds of only two elements, carbon and hydrogen, and are known ns voaltile oils, since they escape readily into the nir. Q. What sort of flour is used iii making pumpernickle? T. C. A. A coarse rye flour. The Ants Are Coming Here is another government .bulletin covering an important household problem—the control and destruction of house and lawn ants. II goes thoroughly into the problem, describing the kinds of ants, with pictures, and telling what to do about them. This booklet should be in every homo, for if ants aren't bothering you now, there is no tolling when they wil/. This coupon is for your order. Fill i it in carefully, and enclose five cents | in coin to cover handling and post age. THE f»AMPA DAILY MtW* Published evenings except Saturday and Sunday morning by Pampa Daily NEWS. 322 West Foster, Pampa, Texas. JAMES E. LYONS, Gen. Mgr.; PHILIP K. POND, Business Mgr; TEX De WEESE, Managing Editor" MEMBERS OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.—Full Leased Wire. The Associated Press IS exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to or not otherwise credited In this newspaper and also the local news published herein. All rights for re-pubjication of special dispatches herein also are reserved. Entered ns second-class matter March 15, 1927, at the postoffice at Pampa, Texas, under Hie Act of March 3, 1879. One Year One Year One Year SUBSCRIPTION RATES OF THE I'AMP A DAILY NEWS: By Carrier in Pampa .$6.00 Six Months $3.00 One Month $.60 One Week $.15 By Mail hi (jray and Act joining Counties .$5.00 Six Months .,....$2.75 Three Months ....$1.50 One Month $.60 By Mail Outside Gray And Adjoining Counties .$7.00 Six Months $3.7fi Three Months $2.10 One Month. ...;..$ .75 NOTICE—It is not the intention of this newspaper to cast reflection upon the character of anyone knowingly and if through error it should, the management will* appreciate having attention called to same, and will gladly and fully correct any erroneous statement made. OUT OUR WAY By WILLIAMS Use This Coupon The Pampa Daily News Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. I enclose herewith five cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for a copy of the booklet on ANTS. Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.) VE9, I'M &ONNA RAVE. COMPANY-AND HE'S GOING TO BE MY COMPANY, NOT YOURS.' ANY OP YOUR SMART CRACKS, AND YOU'LL GET SOME SMART CRACKS FROM ME -AN' THEY'LL MAKE YOU SMART/ AW-NOW.L1SSEN- \P HE BRINGS A BOX. OF CANDY, LIKE HE USUALLY DOES, I'LL SAVE YOU SEVERAL PIECES HONEST/ GO ON UP TO YOUR ROOM AND REAP-WILL VOL), PLEASE.' / SURE,I'M GOING TO MY / ROOM-WHY SHOULD I WANNA SEE VOUR COMPANY? 'COURSE. IF IHAFTA , COME DOWN FEK A GLASS OF WATER, AND HE SEES ME, ANP SPEAKS TO ME,ANP SAYS HELLO, I'M GONNA SPEAK TO HIM,AIN'T I? B A R B S In his latest bout, Camera quit in the ninth, claiming an injured ankle. Why not a rule preventing his opponent m hitting him on the head? _ If the Black Legion revelations have accomplished nothing else, the more timid citizens hav« sent their night- to the laundry. A Florida hospital employs music during its operations. A crooning record seems just the thing for a patient who fights the ether. Washington now is. getting Boy Scout fingerprints frpm throughout the -country. It might try to get those o|j waiters from china. A book he sold in 1892 has just come back to an AJemeda, Caht., man. That would. have been considered lightning speed, had he loaned it. Before his last mat.ch, Wrestler All Baba said he was d f^na. staying up. listening -to the Major Bowes act. prQb^bly kept jumping up, at the gong. We .would be .subjected to a constant bombardment stars, if the earth had no atmosphere." Or if launched another Q-BX&n series. ByjMARTIN FRECKLES AND HIS FRIENDS Speaking of Bones By BLOSSEty THIS ISAVEPY SERIOUS MATTER, MAM! WHAT TIME WAS THE: COLLECTION MADE OW LOCIOAOOD STREET/ HAVE WHAT DO YOU DO wrrH THE: RUBBISH WELL, I'M LOOKING FOR SOME BOWES THAT WERE LEFT IW THE RUBBISH CAW AT .-.. M C GOOSEY'S.' WHY, WE GET RID OF IT.' WHAT ELSE CAW YOU DO won IT? ALL THE TABLE SCRAPS ARE DRIED AND BURNED.., THE HEAVY STUFF IS RUN THRU A GRINDER'/' THIS is OF UTMOST IMFORT- AWCE.' i WANT THOSE BONES/ AH SHO HAS, BOSS..,-AW 1 KlKJ ] AH GIT IN DE GAME ^ HEY, BLONDER THIS MAN WANTS TO KNOW IF YOU HAVE SOME VDU GATHER TO ASK HARRY' TODAY? AMD WHERE WOULD THAT RUBBISH BE? IW SHADYSIDE: ? T. M.TOJ. U. S. PAT. OFF, 36 BV NEA SERVICE. IN' MYRA NORTH, SPECIAL NURSE Merle Galaway Is Suspicious By tHOMPSON AND COLV PUT UP YOUR GUM, SIR- EDMOND - WE'(?£ MERE TO HELP YOU.' THE EGYPTIAN GOVERNMENT, AH,THA7 \-5 DIFFERENT/ WELCOME;THEM- BUT YOU TMESE SEEM TO BE /N ORDER- OF COURSE -WE'LL .SIl? EPMONP'S PAUOHTER, MERLE, DRAWS HIM ASIDE... 5.XPED IT/ON .>.JT MU51 SEE TO THAT -ALSO, CARRIED OUT \VlTL) OEVCIE5 AND HIS- EC-ASSISTANT, MI55 , A MUESE, WILL BE OF 6REAT ASSISTANCE TO YOUR EESEAECWES, AND l.THE WEALTH OF N ^ CEEDENT/ALS FATHER/THERE'S SOMETHING QUEER AJ3QUT THESE PEOPLE - DON'T TELL THEM TOO. MUCH,'"^ " BV THE ENGLISH ARCHE- OLOQI^T' HV5TEE PU5ME-2. ALLEY OOP ME&BE THIS-SAWALLA LANJD IS SO SURROUNDED WITH BIG- REPT/LES NOBODY CAN GIT OUT, BUT I. AINT GONNA BELIEVE IT TILL I FIND OUT FOR MYSELF -. AU Aloner-With Three Guys •':<~:~ : ff- I MIGHTA BELIEVED THAT /ARM, IF'QL'KINCrWUR HADN'T SEEMED T'BE QUITE S.O-INTERESTED IN OOQLA NOT THAT 1 GIVE A HOOT ABOUT THAT-BUT. By HAMLIN ON TH' OTHER HAND -IF THERE IS A WAY OUT, ITS HARDLY LOGICAL T'BELIEVE HE'D LET ME GO WAWDERIN' AROUND ALL BY MYSELF HE'D BE SUSPICIOUS AM' HAVE A PLATOON OF GUARpS POGGIW MY HEELS - WE'RE v TO BE YER. SPEC/AL , SIR, TH' KlKJG SENT US TO ACC0MPAM.Y YOU- THOUGHT YOU MIGHT GET" LONESOME J ©1936 BY NEA SERVICE,'INC. T. +> .
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