Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 11, 1936 · Page 7
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 7

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Pampa, Texas
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Thursday, June 11, 1936
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Page 7
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-, JUNE 11,1936 THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pampa, Te*as PAGE SEVEN GIVES VEILED SLAP AT SUPREME COURT IN LITTLE ROCK SUIt LINES 'COMMON MAN' MUST BE PROTECTED, HE SAYS ABOARD ROOSEVELT TRAIN ENROtTTB TO DALLAS, June 11 (AP) — President Roosevelt rode into Texas today, pledged to continuation of his efforts to solve economic and social problems under the "broad purposes" of the constitution. The chief executive gave this message to the nation last night In • Arkansas just before resuming a 4,000-mlle western tour that called for brief addresses today in Houston, San Antonio and Austin. Tomorrow morning at Dallas, the hub of Texas' celebration of, its centennial of independence from Mexico, the chief executive will deliver the second set speech of his trip The third will be made at Vincennes, Ind,, Sunday morning in dedicating a memorial to George Rogers Clark, Revolutionary war hero of the Northwest Addressing an open air Arkansas centennial throng at Little Rock late yesterday, the President declared, the constitution of .the government extends beyond state lines and added: "Under its broad purposes we can and Intend to march forward, believing as the .overwhelming majority of Americans believe, that 'it is intended to meet and fit the amazing physical, economic and social requirement that confront us In this generation." Declaring the "common man" must' be protected from the "prlv- iliged few,", he asserted the nation was "commencing to solve" the questions relating to prices, wages, hours of labor, conditions of 'employment: "The . new approach to these problems may not be immediately discernible; but organization to meet human suffering can never be'predicated on the relaxation of human effort." The crowd which overflowed the 30,000-seat Centennial stadium on the outskirts of Little Rock, cheered his statement that if local or state governments were unable to Improve the economic position of their inhabitants "it would take a foolish • and : short-sighted man to say- that it is no concern of the national government itself." The President's first-speech' today was at San Jacinto battlefield, which he was to reach by boat after arriving at Houston. He arranged to dedicate a monument being erected there to General Sam Houston who in April, 1836, with less than 800 men captured the Mexican Dictator Santa Anna and paved the way for establishment of the Texas Republic. Late in the day his schedule took him to San Antonio to place a wreath at the Alamo where two months before San Jacinto, Travis, Bowie and Crockett, with 178 men, died in the cause of Texas independence. En route to Dallas tonight) the president was to make a brief rear platform speech at the state capital of Austin and then make a leisurely run for the Centennial center, arriving in Dallas tomorrow morning. His speech there is scheduled for 10j30 a. m. (CST). Fourth Trial of Richardson Will Be Held in June VERNON, June 11. (/Pi—The fourth trial of Charles B, Richardson, former mayor of Olney who, is charged with murder in the death of his son, Elga, Jan, 1, 1934, at Olney, is included in the cases to be tried.here during the June term . of Forty-sixth District Court here. In three previous trials, Richardson has been .assessed a life term and sentences of 99 years and 10 years, The first trial was at Graham and the last two here. The three sentences were revoked, the last; on April 8 last by the Court of Criminal Appeals. ; — ^ WIRES SAVE: LIFE DIMMITT, June H. (/P)—Telephone wires and muddy ground are credited- with saving the life of J. W. ; (B1J1) Easter, Easter tumbled 24 feet from a windmill tower. The telephone wires broke his descent and he ;fel) into the mud. He received only a slight fracture. 17-YEAR LOCUST IS EMERGING FOR ANOTHER FORAY IN U. S. B.V FREDERIC J. HASKIN WASHINGTON, D. C., June 11 — In twenty-four States of the Union the 17-year locust Is emerging. This creature, which is not a locust at all, but a cicada, has attracted the study of scientists for many years and has excited the superstition of many people. Years of observation have resulted in a fairly accurate chart)ns of the appearances of the broods, making possible forecasts of the time and place of emergence. With remarkable regularity, the broods appear at 17- year intervals. This year will see a widespread emergence covering most of the country to the Mississippi Valley but not extending farther to the westward. The Pacific Coast and the intermountaln region will not be visited. There also is another type which has a 13-year cycle but this one is not so numerous or important as the 17-year species. This Insect has been in the world a long time and has been the subject of many disquisitions, the most fascinating of which has an Inaccurate Biblical background. It will be remembered that in the days of the Pharaohs there were plagues of locusts in Egypt which the Israelites interpreted as a judgment .upon evil-doers. The facts that, on the wings of these creatures, are certain veins having a deeper pigmentation that the surrounding veins, and Mat these veins make a perfect letter W has caused some millions of people to believe that the W stands for war. If the coming of the cicadas does not foretell war between nations it does, so the belief runs, foretell the war which the locusts themselves make up on herbage, great and small. As a matter of fact the damage the cicadas do is relatively slight. It Is not to be compared with the damage done by the Japanese beetle, the gipsy moth, the Mediterranean fruit fly, or the boll weevil. Yet it can puncture fruit in such a way as to open an avenue for diseases to enter and it has been known to kill young and weak fruit trees. This, however, is the exception. The reason that people are alarmed at the 17-year cicada is, probably, two-fold. Frist, the mysterious periodic appearance of the insect drapes it in an aura of superstition, en- chanced by the curious nature of its wing markings. Second, there is something astounding about the sudden, overnight emergence of the creatures by the millions, Life History Told The Bureau of Entomology can tell the story in an authoritative and eloquent manner. It says: "Periodical cicadas appear suddenly during the last week in May in the northern states and during the last-week,in- April- or- the, first week In May in the South. The ground over limited areas is riddled with emergence holes from which the awkward, crayfish-like pupae emerge. Emergence usually takes place in the night and, in the -.morning, vast numbers of empty pupal cases are found on tree trunks, twigs, leaves, and almost every other available support. Shortly after the pupae emerge from the ground, the pupal case splits along the middle of the back and the adult works itself out. When it first emerges the adult is a small, bizarre-looking animal, being milky white with bright red eyes; it soon hardens, however, and assumes more sombre coloring." City dwellers do not have so close an acquaintance with 17-year locusts as rural and pastoral folks, although they do invade suburbs. The forecast for the national capital was that they would appear at Brightwood, Chevy Chase, Georgetown, Piney Branch, Rock Creek Park, and Soldiers' Home—all near urban or suburban of Washington, and within the District of Columbia. Here is how the Bureau figured: The 17-year cicadas appeared in those places in 1902 and again in 1919—a period of exactly 17 years. Seventeen years have passed since 1919, so here they are again. Similarly, the 1936 appearances have been charted for all other sections. A Fascinating- Mystery One of the reasons these creatures have been identified with the Egyptian plagues is that the first observation of them in North American was made by the Pilgrim. Fathers in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The insect does not visit England. These colonists were entirely unfamiliar with it, as something within their own native experience, but they were, as we all know, intensely familiar with the Scriptures. It was no more than natural that they should identify the sudden appearance of the cicadas with the Egyptian plagues. Had they consulted King Philip or any other Indians of New England they would have learned that the cicadas were well known in America long before - Columbus left his card. The earliest known publication CAP ROOK BUS LINE ADDS NEW SERVICE TO THE LINE Leaves Pampa at 7:15 a. m., 10:40 a. m. and 4:30 p. m, for Chlldress, .Wichita Palls, Ft. Worth and Dallas. For Okla. City at 10:40 a. m. and 4:30 p, m. over the Cap Root making direct connections with the Greyhound Lines at Shamrock and ride big nice buses over all paved route. Don't »«jk for next bu», ask for the Cap Rock Bus. Call your local agent at But Terminal, Phone 871. which refers to the cicadas was not published until 1666, but reference was made to the locust emergence at Plymouth in 1634. It will be noted that the Pilgrims had, by a relatively short time, missed the prior emergence. They landed in 1620 and 1634 marked only the passage of 14 years. Three years before the Landing of the Pilgrims, the bleak and rockbound coast had unquestionably seen the same plague. The presence, the regular periodic appearance of these insects, constitutes one of the fascinating mysteries of the world. They are not like grasshoppers which mow down fields of grain and do tremendous damage. IJhey do not sling. They arc harmless. They might bo compared to an idea which, periodically, lakes form, quivers with life for a brief space, and then passes into 17 years of forgetfulness—only to be renewed. Rural folk suffer their worst ills from the cicadas because of their songs rather than their damage to plant growth. The females are ladylike and silent but the males sound off incessantly with two kinds of songs. There is , first, the unison in which a forest full of the cicadas joins. It is described by R. E. Snodgrass of the Smithsonian Institution as a burring sound, "the continuous hum of the multitude. Snodgrass says that in all his investigations he never heard one cicada sing this song as a solo. The cidada solo is a different number. It is called the naturalists the Pharaoh song. It lasts five seconds and then, after the high trills, ends on a falling and satisfactory note. The life cycle of the periodical cicada is a short one. For the 17 years its inert ancestor remains in the ground, it has about 17 days on the earth's surface, the time being prolonged to as much as six weeks if the individual is lucky, for the insect seems destined to what man would consider a violent death. The millions of them are exterminated by birds. The incidence of the cicadas is surprisingly local. While they will appear in a great many places in certain years, the colonies occupy but a few acres. There will be emergences only a few miles apart but each group will be a complete one. This means that the birds can come winging from where- over they are and descend on one group after another, obliterating them. The Egyptians worshipped the beetle as a god and called him Ra, the all-powerful. This was a recognition of the fact that the patient insect can do enormous damage by Its indefatigable efforts and its myriad numbers. There is a theory held by some philosophers that the destiny of mandkind is destruction— noi. through, wars of men's own making, not through the depredations of the greater TEXANS GIVE HOOVER SPEECH DEMONSTRATION .November Election Day Plans Are Being Made By RONALD A. YOUNG Associated Press Staff Writer CLEVELAND, June 11 (AP)— Freshly-revived memories of 1928 stimulated Texas Republican today to new plans for this year's presidential campaign. Inspired by a demonstration for Herbert Hoover, and his scathing attack on the new deal, Texas leaders commenced planning for next November's election day. Their campaign, they said, would begin as soon as they get back home from the Republican convention here. Texans were in the midst of the Hoover parade and cheering. Almost as soon as the demonstration began Hugh E. Exum of Amarlllo grabbed the Texas standard and fought his way close to the speakers.' platform. When the former president, who carried Texas in 1928 had finished, the Texans stood on their chairs, shouted and waved their hats. R. B. Creager, national committeeman r Mrs. Lena Gay More, national committeewoman, and Carlos Watson of Brownsville, vice- chairman of the Texas Young Republican clubs, were among those joining in plans for the campaign. Creager said the party's success In the general elections depended on the magnitude of a potential coalition with disgruntled democrats, Watson planned to organize hundreds of Landon-for-President clubs from El Paso to Texarkana—assuming Landon would be nominated. Mrs. More said she thought much of the campaign depended on the extent to which activities of women's organizations could be revived. "It all depends on a crystallization of sentiment by the Democrats," Creager said. "We're not going to stick our necks out without them because there's no sense In wasting $150,000 to $200,000. The sentiment is there all right but unless it makes itself tremendously felt, we'd be fanning the air. "What we need is a coalition such as we had in 1928." savage carnivores, but through the steady and overwhelming increase in the number of insects. This year will not be such a year of doom, despite appearances. If all insects were as harmless to both man and •vegetation, as,,-the. cicadas, the theory of the philosophers would never be borne out. AND COMFORTABL LaNora Today Only Kentucky* world (tmoui author in his first starring picture! EVIRVBODVI OLD MAN with ROC|M|« HUDSON Plus Regular Kids Latest News Prevue Tonight REX Sat, Only Friday Only ft daringly exposes the moral decay of this younger generation. 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