Denton Journal from Denton, Maryland on December 10, 1938 · Page 3
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Denton Journal from Denton, Maryland · Page 3

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Saturday, December 10, 1938
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DENTON JOURNAL Page 3 MELVIN JOHNSON, Inc., Publishers Saturday Morning, December 10, 193i THE MICHIGAN ROAD By Albert C. Rose Senior Highway Engineer, Bureau oJ Public Roads United States Department of Agriculture (Continued from Page Two) the Michigan Road in accordance with the treaty nnd to pay for the work with funds obtained from tho sale of the Indian lands. Wnile these preliminary plans for building the Michigan Road were in progress, government surveyors "were at work locating the National Road through the etate of Indiana. On July 8, 1827, Jonathan Knight completed the survey to Indianapolis and reached the western boundary of the state on September; 4 of the same year. From the eastern boundary of the state to the inter section with tho Michigan Road a Indianapolis the distance was 7 miles. to lay out the Michigan Road on a direct line between Lake Michigan and the Wabash river. Their survey line penetiated the swamps bordering the Kankakee river where there wure no inhabitants and where the cost of road building would bu excessive. As a solution to the difliculty, two sur- ves were made, one traversed directly across the Kankakee flats 01 hwamps and the other line circumvented these bogs by looping northeast of the headwaters of the Kanka- c river through the site of the modern city of South Bend, named after .he jug-handle shaped turn in the St. Joseph river. In the early days this settlement was known as South Hold, 'n their field notes the surveyois, fohn McDonald and John K. Graham, at the thirty-eighth milepoint where he city of South Bend is now i ; ttuat- 'd, made an entry as follows: "At his (point) is a beautiful cite (site) or a town." Complete sots of field notes, maps nd reports, in which were presented he relative merik of the two sur- Meanwhile, John I. Neely, Chtntei Elliott and John McDonald were appointed commissioners by the general assembly of the state on January 24, 1828, to survey the Michigan i Road from Lake Michigan to Indianapolis. They were instructed to select the best natural harbor on tho lake. If none could be found, they were to choose for the terminus of the road the site best suited for tho construction of an anchorage and the development of a commercial town. They finally decided upon the location of a lake port at the present ·Michigan City where Trail creek empties into Lake Michigan. This stream was called Riviere du Chemirt by the French because beside it there led an Indian trail down to the great lake. Here k another instance of an Indian trace foreshadowing the position of the Michigan Road. A perplexing engineering problem arose when the surveyors attempted ejs, were referred to the state legis- ature for decision as to the best loute. This action caused much angry discussion in the legislative body. One of the ciiticfcms made was that the commissioners had been influenced unduly in their work by the citizens of South Bend. The upshot of tho discussion, however,.was that the Soutli Bend route was approved on January 13, 1830. The continuation of the location of the Michigan Road from Indianapolis, through the town of Greensburg, to MmlL-on on the Ohio river was authorized by an act of the general assembly approved January 13, 1830. Samuel Hanna, William Polke and Abraham McLelland were appointed commissioners to examine the road ictween Madison and Greensburg and o employ a surveyor if changes in ocation were deemed necessary. Thomas Realign was chosen as the urveyor. The field notes show the urvey was made by "calls"; i. e., ourses and distances. The initial oint was located at Madison on May 7, 1830. In the summer of the same year, hree surveying parties, under the ircction of Commissioners Hanna, Polkc and McLclland, weie sent i n f o the field to locate the choicest sections of Indian land the piocccdc- from which were to be used in paying for the constiuction of the Michigan Roud. Before the final lepoit \vas completed the commissioners weie notified that Congress would not approve a selection of "contiguous," sections prior to the determination of the final location of the load. action, however, did not delay the construction of the rciad w h k h was paid for in scrip issued against (lie Potawatomi land grants. The complete maps and field notes of the surveys of the ceded land wen- requiic'l to be filed in tho oHicc of the recre- taiy of slate on o r before the fust Monday in December, IS.'JO. This year was a milestone ma ik- ing two other important develop ments in the history of the slate. As construction work was about leady to begin on the Michigan Road, the federal government appropriated §15(1,- 000 which was used in building the the genei.ii assembly appinved by the governor on January 2'J, 1830. ThL- legislation provided that as mucl of the load as lay between tho Wa liush and the Ohio rivers should bt cleat ctl nnd opened, 1(10 feet wide t i m i n g the pciiml Ixjfiiniing August 1 and ending November 3(1, 1831. All log.-,, timber and undcibiiish weie be removed, leaving w i t h i n the right- of-way no stump highi'i than one foot above tin- level of the ground. The rcntnil :!() ft- el of tin 1 road was to bo giubbed in the same manner a:- tlie United States National Road. Noah Noble was appointed "contract" commissioner to ciuiy out the statute on this sorthein portion of the road. The bn.ird of connnis.sioiieis, consisting of Hanna, Polkc and McLcl- land, establi lied by the .statute of January 13, ISitO, was abolished by an act of tho geiic'iiil assembly up- proved Febuiary -I, 1831. Thereafter William Polke was appointed sole commissioner to select, suivey and sell the load landr. He opened the National Road 1C miles east and 12 Ualc at Loganspoit with tho minimum miles west of the state capital at Indianapolis. The early years of tho decade, beginning with this year, nNo witnessed the rapid decline in the fur trade first noticeable in 1825. The pi ice set at $1.25 an acre. In the same year (1831) the general assembly authorized the northern poition of the Michigan Road lying between Logansport and the woodsmen who had plied their canoes I south bend of the St. Joseph river to on the rivers and tiamped the forest bo cut (cleared) and opened, GO feet trails for many years began to seek other fileds of employment. wide, as soon a.= funds weiu ;wail- able from the sale of the road lands. The construction of the Michigan | On this section of the road, all logs, Road was authorized by an act of i timber and umleibrufh weie to be lemoved, allowing to i L i n a i n no stump higher than one foot, the cieek banks approaching fouls weie to be :1 and .s\vamp and muddy places causewajed or c o i d u t o j i ' d MJ as to be passable fur wagons. Noah Noble was also appointed the contiact com- mi.sbioiiL'r on this uppei ection. This pait of the road was ordered uridei contract at a pi ice not exceeding per mile. At the .same timi 1 the entire length of the road was divided into tluec sections will) overseers in charge of each. The fiisl, f i o m Madison to Indianapolis, was pl.ieed u n der the immediate Mipci vision of Daniel Kelso. The second, from In- liannpolis to Loganspoit, was given in charge to Horace' Bussett. The thini, from Loganspoit to the nor'h, .vas delegated to the direction of Wil- iain Polkc, himculf. As work on the Michigan Road wogrcssed, impioved boats were in- .roiluccd upon the rivers. The decade etween 1825 and 1835 was a pencil 1 vhen theie was considerable public liscussion as to the relative ineriL- of river transportation, canals, turnpikes and raihoads. In 1831, N. B. Giiinth ran the first feny ncioss the St. Joseph river at South Bend. It wsu a keel boat made by a carpenter in the village from a pirogue or laig.' Indian canoe used picviously for carrying furs. The citizens nf Indianapolis enjoyed tlie thrill of a lifetime on A p i i l 11, 18", 1, when a real steamboat, the "M:uk Hsnina", ploughed its way up White I£i\er, meanwhile p u J n n g a heavily laden keel haigi-. The txciie- iiH'iit in the town almost lenclied explosive piii|M»tirin.s bieanse lew coi- . nlei-cd the l i v e r to lie uavig.ibl". Men, women and ihildien lined the banks oi Die .slieani and gazt-d at tlie Mew n i i i v a l n i t h mixed feeling, ol wonder anil :,urj)ii,se. The local ar- tilleiy company, led by Captain U. I. so many volunteeis thul (lie boat was coiiijielliii (o l e t u i n foi a M i und load. [ Tlie boat li.ul be n p u i L h a - L d by . m e r i t (181)2) land loun. In the year follow iiiji puiader] along the nveiside and /lied a s a l u t e to give vent to their ' uppi es-ed feeling, . When the captain of I lie .ship offeied the Indie,, a com- pljmentary li jp upstieani, there weir- llaniia and Company, f o n i i a c l o i s on the N a t i o n a l Jiu id. It nah u: ed foi h a u l i n g stone i n the },IK bi ulge und e r con- ti IK lion M i (|i ( . W h i t e l i v c i . On the i etui n trip t i n - U-amboiit 1.111 agioutid on a b:i| at Hug Island, ju'-l a few miles below Indi inapolis. 'Ineie this excite- weie let for (nailing und diaimng the Michigan Koitd. Beginning at Madison, the road \ \ a s divided into sections varying fi oni 10 to :iO miles in length and Binding contiacls were let to the lowest bidder. Budges weie awarded under sepaiate conducts. The right- it laj idle all win n . 'I Ins voyage,f of-way was to be cleared to a width lu.wevei, had tlie . ilYrt of d lUtiug of 100 feet and the roadway was the pride of the citizens of the nver I giubbcd and graded .'iO feet wide. By cities of Madi-on, New Albany and June 30, the entile length of 2G7 Vini-enni-s who w i e of the opinion mile., had been placed under contract. _that the capital was - i ictly an in- (Turn to Page C, Please) (Sifts! Jf or Home Sewing Cabinets Coffee Tables Card Tables Lamps Smokers Mirrors Hassocks Magazine Racks Easy Chairs Desks Lamp Tables Throw Rugs Children'^ Muckers Cedar Chests Radios Pillows Beauty rest Mattresses Studio Couches Kitchen Cabinets Utility Cabinets Vacuum Cleaners Congoleum Rugs Boudoir Chairs Pianos A GIFT OF FURNITURE WILL BE REMEMBERED LONGER DENTON, MARYLAND That Man Is Here Again .. Along With The Financial Worries t Christmas is a wonderful time of year, it s a shame to let financial worries spoil it. And you don't need to! Join one of our Christmas Clubs. There's one to suit your individual needs. You save for Christmas and other end-of-the-year expenses in specified weekly amounts. It's a simple saving system that pays very real dividends in convenience and happiness at the end of fifty weeks! Join Our 1939 Christmas Savings Club Store Open Every Evening Until Christmas FOX'S So to SI.OO Stores Denton, Maryland Make plenty of hot coffee right at the table. No fuss--no m u s s . Gleaming, chromium ft n i s h b l e n d s perfectly with any table setting. Models from $5.95 Give HER a variety of presents this Christmas and watch her eyes sparkle as she opens each of them. The selection of the.se gifts can Lc lots of fun if you'll follow this popular plan: Make a tour of your many merchant friends-leisurely inspect the array of gift suggestions. Then make your selection with thii thought in mind--First huy her some "silly" little do-dad. Then, buy her something she has always wanted but that you feel she doesn't really need. Then, huy her something she really doa, need. Have them wrapped individually and spread aiound the Christmas tree. That, my friend, is the shortest route to being "TOPS" aiound home. Tke Denton National Bant Denton u(3)J) Maryland Mrmlier Fulrrul Reserve Syslcm JOIN NOW! It's Always Best To Shop At West's STURMER'S Adds To Your Joy At Xmas / / Showing the Newest and Best to be found at prices to suit your desires Largest Selections Shown in The Tri-Counties Stteff Silver See the New Homcwood Pattern DIAMOND RINGS Most Attractive Engagement nnd Wedding Rings WATCHES Bulova, Elgin, Gruen and Hamilton in Newest Designs Your visit will be a Mutual Treat STURMER Sinco 1894 Jeweler Gift Counselor EASTON --:-- MARYLAND FINEST Toasts sandwich-, cs, fries h o t c a k e s , grills steaks, chops, etc. Perfect for entertaining $5.U5 All Gifts Boxed Wrapped Plug it in and heat indicator tells you* when it's ready to bake crisp, golden waffles $5.95 Gleaming chromium fin. Some like 'cm lig'ht--some like 'em dark, but this twin waffle iron is the anower to everybody's problem $8.95 · · ; '*-· " · at LtrioeA PRICES At No Extra Charge practical (Sifts for tbe entire family Toasters aic available in a variety of styles. You'll find just the model to fit your needH. Non-automatic with turnover feature^ from_S2.95 Automatics are also available, with tray sets, from $17.35 Warming Pad provides even warmth that's thermostatically controlled to LOW, MEDIUM and HIGH heat setting. LOW heat burns as little as n IG-wnlt lamp. Ideal for cold congoitioiiF, aches and pains. 53.95 and $1.95 v rl EASY MONTHLY TERMS IF DESIRED /I EASTERN SHORE PUBLIC SERVICE (EEDDY KILOWATT'S HEADQUARTERS) FOR THE MAN 3!c Dress Hose 25c pr. f0c Dress Hose 3!ic pr. 3 pairs $1 69c Dress Suspenders 50c 39c iiOc Neckwear 25C Newest Neckwear, all hand- tailored r.oc si.oo Dress Gloves $1.00 to $1.'J8 Pig-Skin Kid Handkerchiefs Tic to 2."c Hod Room Slippers $1.00 $l.!iO New Dress Shirts $1.00 $1.30 Pajamas $1.25 Mcltnn Jackets $2.97 to $3.97 FOR THE MISS FOR THE LADY Wool Gloves Silk Slips 50c Panties Full Fashion Hose 25c 50c 49c SniiRJ-ics, Vest Panties 2,»c Pajamas 59c Sweaters $1.00 up Dresses Accessories FOR THE BOY Sweaters !)8c lo $1.91 Dre.ss Shirls 79t- 93c Melton Jackets $1.97 Hoy's Ties 2oc Gloves 2.1 50c Wool Caps 25 50c lied Room Slippers 50c to $1.23 Leather Soles and Heels "Faultless" Hosiery 75c Sheer Chiffon also black heels $1.00 Wool Gloves 79c Handkerchiefs ; 5c to 25c Sweaters $1.00 to $1.9S · New Hand Bags 81.00 Ladies' Satin Underwear in Tea Rose Blue Gowns, Tailored, Daintily Lace Trimmed $1.00 $2.50 Pajamas Embroidered, Lace and Tailored $1.00' $2.95 Slips, Lustrous Salin, Tailored and Lace Trimmed 50c to $2.00 Dance Sets, Satin Crepe $1.00 LARGE ASSORTMENT OF NOVELTIES lOc to $4.95 Practical Items In Domestics--Sheets, Bed Spreads, Towels, Table Bed Sets, Blankets Are Suggestive Gifts. West's Dept. Store Denton C. V. .West, Mgr. Maryland

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