The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on January 11, 1945 · Page 1
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

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Thursday, January 11, 1945
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state Historical Society Tonelca, Kansas Gomp, THE lOLA REGISTER VOLUME XLVIII No. 65 The Weekly Register, EBtablUbed 1867: The lola Diiily Register, Estoblished X897. lOLA, }!iAS., THURSDAY EVENING; J^NtJARY 11,1945. Bnceeuor to The lola Daily Begister, The loh Daily Record, and lola Daily Index. EIGHT PAGES British Push 10 Miles After Retreating Foe Allies Capture La Roche Germans Pull Out of Western Tip of Bulge, Apparently Planning Stand Farther East BY WILLIAM L. RYAN (AsMH-ialeil I'ress War Kdilov) Allied forces on the northern flank of the German bulge in the Ardennes captured Laroche today as the Germans announced a withdrawal from the entire tip of the Ardennes salient west of the Ourthe river in a line-shortening maneuver. British patrols stabbed ten miles into the sagging tip of the salient, reaching Champion on the north- south road between Larochc and St. Hubert, and other British pursued the withdrawing Germans through the snow-covered, mine- laden terrain. Strategic Laroche, bypassed by Allied forces which had cut the road from there to Vielsalm, was taken during a swirling blizzard In freezing temperatures, as the Allies gained three miles or more around the bulge. May Plan New Line There were indications that Field Marshal Karl von Eundstedt was preparing his forces for a stand.on a line running from Vielsalm southwest through Houffalizc to the Bas- togrie area. The Germans reported evacuation of St. Hubert, 14 miles west of Bastogne, which had been the southwest anchor of their front. The German radio said that in the north Canadian troopa launched nn nssHult against Nazi positions south of NlJmt'Rcn In Holland, but that It was halted. Tl)c report was unconfhmcd by Allied sources. Weather and the terrain aided Von Rundstedt as he pulled back methodically in the Ardennes. British and American troops took a dozen or more towns as the Germans withdrew. Break Harlanpe "Box" On Von Rundstedfs southern flank the U. S. Third army drove hard against the "Harlange box," which has been holding down large forces of Americans, and captured Harlange at its center, six miles southeast of Bastogne. To the west the Third army won commanding grouni^ in the St. Hubert area. Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's doughboys also captured Villers-La-Bonne- Eau, two miles west of Harlange, while another infantrj' column making a parallel push near the narrow mouth of the sector drove to within 1'- niiles of the German stronghold of Wiltz in Luxembourg. No Nazi Flight The Germans appeared to have withdrawn the bulk of their forces from the western half of the Belgian bulge for a reinforced stand to the (Continued on Page 8, No. 3) RATIONING REMINDERS AH service men who appy for furlough gasoline rations must bring the Mileage Rationing Record of ,^ the car they intend to use when y they apply. This U a new require' ment which went Into effect this week. ^ ^ ^ .41 ai If you arc having a sale and mov. ing to town or to another place of residence, don't sell your present stoves If vou expect to get new ones. Stove rationing regulations do not permit the stove panel to Issue certificates for new cooking or heating stoves to persons who have disposed of usable stovea. * • • If you arc going to need new Implement tires next spring, apply now when the tires are available. If you want to convert from steel to rubber, ask the rationing board or Triple A office for Information. * • • The beef In every grocery store must be marked with a sign showing whether It Is Grade AA, A, B, C. or D meat. Each grade of beef carries , a different price ceiling, and for the protection of the public, the butcher Is required to put grade and price on all heef dls- ' played. If you find that this regulation is not being observed, a report to the rationing board will assist the food price panel in know, •- ing what stores need further educational and enftorcement work. * • • , New Community Celling Prices became effective last month. The latest CPA Communltv Ceiling Price Poster is printed In bine ink and is dated Dec. 15. The newest beef and pork price posters are also Wne. The latest Fresh Fruit and Vegetable poster Is dated January 11, 1945, and the only change Is a reduction in the price of bead lettuce pom 18 to 16 peoto » SDIWI Army "Understrength" In Effectiveness WasWngton, Jan. 11. (AP)—War Secretary Stimson said today the army "when measured in terms of effectiveness" is under-strength. He made the assertion at a news conference to explain the current call for an accelerated induction rate. He said there are approximately 450,000 wounded and sick in army hospitals now and that these men are Ineffectives for purposes of conducting a war. In addition, the rotation policy leaves some 85.000 men Ineffective while they are in the process of moving in and out, he added. Shift Troops From Norway To Bolster Nazi Lines In Italy; Ordered to "Hold At All Costs" Rome, Jan. 11. (AP)—Nazi troops shitted from Norway have been thrown into battle in Italy with orders from Hitler to hold the Reno river line in the Adriatic sector "at all costs," according to German prisoners captured yesterday. Ten'prisoners—all from the 7l0th division formerly assigned to a coastal defense role in Norway- were taken when Eighth army units counterattacked an enemy patrol on the south bank of the .Reno. Nazi resistance has already stiffened considerably along thus cast- west waterway and the strip of land between the Valli Dl Comacchlo and the Adriatic, where the escape liffllne Is still open after the Nazi flight from San Alberto. Use Italian Laborers Another patrol clash near the Sfnlo gave further evidence of the critical Nazi manpower problem. A Nazi patrol from the 27Sth division fled after being shot up by the British. The prisoners and dead who were left behind were found to be Italian memoers of the Torit organl- zatiori, which Is a seml-mllitaiy labor corps. Tlie prisoners claimed to have been driven ahead of the enemy patrol against their own will as a protective screen for the Nazis. Meanwhile, drifted snow and icy roads . continued to confine action all along the Fifth and Eighth army fronts to patrol operations. Fine Weather To Continue Topeka, Jan. 11. (AP)—A breath of spring, two months early, blew into Kansas this morning and Weatherman S. D. Flora said it would continue through tomorrow with temperatures just a little cooler. "This is as fine a brand of weather fdr January as anyone could expect." Flora said. There was no moisture reported in' the state during the last 24 hours and Flora said farmers were beginning to get back into their fields in western parts of the state. Temperatures to the northwest were as warm or warmer than in Kansas and Flora predicted a high of near 50 for Topeka today—the warmest since Thanksgiving. Goodland was both the warmest and coldest reported state point in the last 24 hours with extremes of 56 and 21. Highs today of 45 to 60 were predicted with the warmer weather in western portions of the state. Tomorrow will be Just a little cooler with the top figure dropping to near 50. Lows tonight were expected to range from 20 to . 32—warmer In eastern sections. GIRDLE GRABBER Billings, Mont., Jan. 11. 'AP)—A Billings wfoman .«ald someone snitched her prewar girdle from a clothesline—"a two-way stretch, too." Awarded Bronze Star For Heroic Action Herbert R. Runer, technician fifth grade, serving with a medical unit in the 35th division, has been awarded the Bronze Star for heroic service in coimectlon with military operations against the enemy' in France on November 21, 1944. The 35th division is,part of the Third army commanded by General Geo. S. Patton Jr. Last July T-5 Runer, then a corporal, was awarded the Purple heart for l>eing wounded in action. Upon his recovery he rejoined his unit. He has been in the service since February, 1942. He is the son of Mrs. Zula ScovlUe, 508 East Jackson. Ration Male Workers Ceiling On Number of Men Employes Permitted in Any Business Ordered By Area WMC Kansas City, Jan., 14. (AP) Manpower ceilings fixing a limit of male employes permitted in any business in Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas was ordered today by Ed McDonald, regional director of the War Manpower Commission of region nine. The announcement followed a meeting yesterday of state and area directors and McDonald. The urgency of war production to meet immediate demands of the army and navy makes this step imperative, McDonald declared. He said it is expected to result in many male workers being drawn from less essential Industry into war plants having the highest priority. Three-Step Program McDonald said the program would be made effective in three steps. 1. In less essential establishments and firms no male workers shall be hired in excess of the number employed on January 10,1946. 2. In essential firms and establishments no male workers shall be hired In cxcass of the munber employed on January 25, 1945. 3 As neccs.slty demands, adjustments In ceilings will be made. The manpower celUugs now in effect In Wichita, Oklahoma City, and Pine Bluff, Ark., will not be (Continued on Page 8, No. 6) Plasma UiiitSets Record Donors Contribute 784 Pints of Blood In Two and a Half Days; Few Rejections During the two and a half days thjit it was open the lola Red Cipas blood donor center secured 784 pints of blood for shipment, in the form pf plasma, to 'the armed services. This was a new record tor this district, Charles Ableson, local chairman, said this morning. In April, 1044, when the mobile unit was herti for two and a half days 550 pint^ were given. In September the center was open lor four and a t»If days and received 1018 pints. Few Rejections During, the first tlyee; days of this weejt 910 persons volimteered to donat^ blood. Of these 126 were rejected, >an average of onj^r 13X%. The national average of TOhmteers who are rejected Is 20%. Mr. Ableson and Mrs. J. M. Powell, chalitoan of the Allen county chapter of the Red Cross, expressed their thapks for the hours of worie given to the center by those who assisted fii various department and to the l^undreds who voltmteered to give t|ielr blood. Keep Sta^f Easy Many ibf ' the delegations from other towns exceeded their quotas. A great many lolans who did not have re^Tvations filled in when vacancies occurred and helped to keep the staff busy at all times. Yesterday It was impossible for the center to examine all volunteers who wished to give blood.- In the aftemooi^ only^ those with reservations cou^d be admitted. Nearly all of those who gave blood deijicated their contribution to some pne iri the armed .services. The packages containing the plasma will bear the name of the donor and the ^name of the service man Invaders Push On Jap Chief Pulls Army Up From South Coast How Yanks Invaded Luzon or woman in whose honor it was given. „ Pvt. Lee Pine Killed in Action Pvt. Lee Pine, former lolan, was killed in action in the Philippines on December 11, according to information received yesterday by his mother, Mrs. Dora Shelton, who now lives in Kansas City, Mo. Pvt. Pine was born in lola and spent most of his boyhood here. The family lived at 230 South Tennessee. He was an infantryman. The Weather KANSAS— Fair tonight and Friday, warmer extreme east tonight; lowest middle to upper 20's west, lower to middle 20 's east; somewhat colder Friday afternoon central and west and extreme northeast. Temperature—Highest for the 24 hours ending 5 p. m. yesterday, 48, lowest last night 29; normal for today 31; excess yesterday 3; deficiency since January 1, 46 degrees; this date last year—highest 35; lowest 20. Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. today, .0; total for this year to date, .04; deficiency since January 1, .36 inches. Sunrise 8:38 a. m.; set 6:22 p. m. Thermograph Readings Ending 8 a. m. Today. 9 a. m 20 9 p. m. 33 10 a. m 21 10 p. m 32 U a. m 31 11 p. m 32 12 noon 41 12 m 32 1 p. m 44 1 a. m 31 2 p. m 46 2. a. m 31 3 p. m 47 3 a. m 31 4 p. m 48 4 a. m 31 5 p. m 47 5 a. m ..31 6 p. m 46 6 a. m _.31 7 p. m 40 7 a. m. 81 8 p. m 36 8 a. m 32 U. S. Casualties Stand at 646^80 Washington, Jan. 11.. (AP)—Secretary of War Stimson disclosed today that army casualties have reached 564,351, exclusive of losses suffered in the German counter-offensive launched Dec. 16 on the Western front. The ajroy's total coupled with the lategt navy figure of 82,029 pushed overall casualties to 646,380 since Pe&rl Harbqr, an increase of 8,241 since last week's report. Of the increase, the army casualties accotmted for 7,999 and the navy for 242. Stimsah said his report covered the figures conipiled in Washington through Dec. 29 but actually reflected'' casualties two or three weeks earlier. He said, however, that he jxpected to have next week a report ipn casualties from the German coijnter-offensive. Washyigton, Jan. 11. (AP)— A proposed institutional amendment to limit the tenure of office of presidents to two terms of four yeai-s each was introduced in the senate yesterdiVy by Sen. Arthur Capper of .Kansas. * "Such an amendment would- obviate for the', future the temptation for any person holding that office to try to mould events so as to rnake himself a candidate for a third term," Capper said in a statement. Reverses in Europe May Force Revision of Allied Strategy BY JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washtagton. Jan. 11. (AP)—A sweeping review of Allied grand strategy is now expected to be made by military and political chiefs beginning with the Big Three conference around February 1. A whole series of events is forcing tills review and probably drastic revisions of Allied thinking, the latest being the American invasion of Luzon. The problem is to relate future operations in the Pacific, where the war is moving at high speed, to coming operations in Europe where the developments are on a badly delayed time-table. Estimates tliat, as a result of the German offensive, the European war might be prolonged three to six months, which are still held here despite the recent optimistic reports from France, furnish the key to the problem. Plan Tears Ahead Over all strategy has to be planned, where poodble, yean la tui- vance. The Allied chiefs of staff, taking into account production factors in this country, began charting a return to Luzon not long after American forces were compelled to evacuate that bastion in early 1942. From the first it was assumed that any major operations beyond that point would require maximum concentrations of force which would not be possible until Germany had been defeated and armies and supplies sliifted from Europe to the Pacific-Asiatic front, nrove Timetable Back It is a more or less open secret that originally military leaders figured on makhig that shift the Isist fall or the cmrent winter. When it became evident that German strategy was to hold out as long as possible rather than surrender to over- ^ehnihg Allied power, the European time-table was moved back to next^ spring or early summer. Now It has been shifted to late summer or iCostinwd « Ft«« % Iltk Si Too^Many "Lost' Ration Books Because of the recent tightening of the iijation's food policy, the local War Price and Rationing Board is finding it necessary to refer all applications for replacement of lost, stolen or mutilated War Ration Books "Qu-ee and Four to thorough investigsjtion before replacement can be made, the food panel chairman said, here today. The new and stricter procedure for handling applications for book replacements is as follows: The applicant piust first fill in the necessary forms and submit them to the local board. The food panel of the board will then examine :and thoroughly investigate all facts presented. If the board deems it necessary, the api^icant may be required to appear before a hearing to present additional proof. If it 14 found that the applicant's negligen|:e was a deliberate or con- tributinS' factor in the loss, theft, or mutilation vof the book, the board's iittltude may be not to replace tlse book or books, the food panel ctfairman said. For willful mtsstatemeiits placed on thes^ government forms, applicants can be fined not in excess of $10,000 fh may be imprisoned, or both, it,was pointed out.. Citizens are also^ reminded that no person shall, bs regulations, apply for or have in', his possession OKire than one Whf Ration Book «.Three or Four foi^ his own use. Citizens are urged, therefore, to guard tt^ese books even more carefully than their money—t&ey are much harder to replace. Reach' "Large Measure Of Agreement" in Greece Athene, Jan. 11. (AP)—U. Oen. Ronald --M. Scobie's headquarters announced today that after nine hours of dlscussloa BrttisliC autboil- ties ahdrleftwing ELAS lesdeia have reached''"a lai^e measure of agreement over terms for a cease fire order." : . The conferences were opened bore yesterday while Sporadic; fighting oontinu^ some miles outside Athena, where Aritlsh. armored oolum were dtmag retreating ELAB tooes SfanksJand in Lingayen Bay, take San Fabian and undisclosed towns. Inset shows beachhead area. United States troops are 107 miles from Manila froni beachhead, 90 miles frOm Paluan on Mindoro. Dotted line Hhows invasion rout$.— (NEA Telephoto.) Would Limit Presidents To Two Terms in Office Asks Curb OnHgat Byrnes Urges Top Tem- oerature of 68 for Offices and Homes; Blames Coal Shortage Washington, Jan. 11. (AP)—The American people reached for. red flannels and.extra blankets today after James P. Byrnes Issued an aps peal that appeai-ed likely to leave the country cold. Without exception, the War Mo^ bilizei" requested last night that temperatures' in all homes and public buildings be held to 68 degrees. That was '^pnly one of the wayS he proposed to save coal, meet an impending sliorta 'ge of the fuel and avoid'Its rationing. He made comr pliance voluntary". "BroWnont" On Billboards On 'the mandatory side, he ord»- ered .imposition of a "brownout." The War product on board was in-' strucfed to issue orders banning al} Illuminated outdoor advertising and any Ornamental or display lighting which uses coal-generated electricity. \ Th^ curb on both houses and of^ flees will apply to those heated by gas ahd oil as well as by coal. That was on the reasoning that oil is rationed and much gas used for heating comes from coal. "The secretary of the interior; (Co^tlnned on Paee 8, No. 5) Hungary Battle Near End Resistance Inside Budapest Crumbling And Nazi Counter- Attacks All Smashed By EDDY OILMORB Moscow, Jan. 11. (AP) — The. battle for Hungary entered what appeared to be the final stage today, with the Germans making an all-out effort to reach the collapsing Nazi garrison in Budapest before being outflanked by the westward Russian advance north of the Danube. Prom inside the devastated capital, three-fourths of which is now in Russian hands, the Red Star correspondent reported Hungarian soldiers have bolted and surrendered in such great numbers that the Nazis have broken all Hungarian units and attached them in company nimibers to German regiments. Smash Counterattacks Repeated German counterattacks northwest of Budapest have been smashed and Soviet forces threatening to cut the Nazi left flank have driven to within a mile and one quarter of Komarom, the Soviet communique disclosed. Other frontline reports said rail traffic out of Komarom, a communications hub on the Danube 40 miles northwest of Budapest, had been blocked by Red army artillery. The eight-day Nazi drive to break the Soviet arc around Budapest and reach the Nazis inside the capital (Continoed on Page 8. No. .4) Japs Say New Yank Landing Wiped Out (By the AssociatPd Press) Tokyo radio asserted today American forces attempted another amphibious landing on Luzon island, nine miles north of their original beachhead, but were wiped out within ten minutes. The propaganda broadcast claimed that "immense battles are now being fought in the Lingayen gulf," and "enemy transports and landing barges fuUy loaded with American troops are being blovm. off the beaches one after the other in the all-out offensive of Japanese forces." Superforts Hit Malay Jap Naval Units Hiding Out in Singapore May Have Been Targets Washington, Jan. 11. (AP)—Su­ perfortresses thundered across the Bay of Bengal today to hammer Japanese military installations on the Malay peninsula. The India-nested B-29's of Major Gen. Curtis E. Lemay's 20th Bomber Command struck boldly by daylight. Size of the attacking force and its specific targets were not announced in a terse 20th Air Force communique. Singapore, wrested from the British in 1942 and reportedly converted into Japan 's major naval strong|hold In the Malay-Dutch East In- fdles area, probably was the target. Gunning For Jap Ships Now operating with clock-like precision, the B-!?9's pcssibly were gunning for Singapore based units of the Japanese grand fleet which could be dispatched to harass General Douglas MacArthur's Luzon forces. Lt. Gen. Masaharu Homma, former Nipponese commander in the Philippines, suggested the possibility that the Luzon invasion will force the' elusive Japanese navy to come out and fight. Another Superfortress raid on Tokyo meantime was announced by the Japanese radio. The Japanese claimed without American confirmation that three B-29's from Saipan (Continoed on Page 8, No. 7) Three Known Dead In Plane Crash Shawnee. Okla., Jan. 11. (AP)— Chief J. M. Thaxton of the Oklahoma highway patrol said three fliers were known to have been killed and five others to have reached the ground safely when a four-motored army bomber crashed today southeast of here. One report said the plane was from a Kansas base. Six members of the crew were seen to bail out but one source said only five landed safely. The parachute of the sixth reportedly caught afire in the air. Three bodies were taken from the plane. It was reported that one other Ixjdy had been found a half mile from the wreckage and it was indicated other bodies might still be in the plane. Where Yanks Took First Town on Luzon Aetlal reconnaissance photo maAB before the war shows the shoreltoe near the town of San Fabian in the southeastern sector of the Lingayen Gulf on Luzon in tlie PhlUppines. San Fabian was the first town to , ... XaU tQ the Yaito on laadiag in Luam^iNavy Photo from NBA Telephoto.) ____ Speed North For Defense Of Manila While Resistance Is Still Light Americans Expect Showdown Battle On Plains of Luzon By C. YATES McDANIEL Gen. MacArthur's Headquarters, Luzon, Jan. 11. •(AP)—Manila-bound American infantrymen stretched their beachhead over 22 miles of Lingayen gulf and drove inland from four key towns today toward impending major battles with Japanese reinforcements struggling north over bomb-cut roads. Only damaging opposition came at sea where night-attacking Japanese planes and torpedo boats hit several ships in a convoy bringing up 14th corps reinforcements. On land, the Yanks seized towns and villages, captured Lingayen airfield and pushed their advanced spearheads to a little more than 100 miles north of Manila. Nowhere was serious resistance reported. Four Miles Inland "Ihursday's communique announced the doughboys overran the towns of San Fabian, Lingayen, Mangaldan and Dagupan in the first 24 hours and pressed inland for an average advance of four miles. Patrols were well ahead of this average penetration. The 7th fleet continued to pour troops, armament and supplies onto the beachhead while Oen. Tomoyuk pulled his^ scattered Japanese divisions together, as MacArthur did in 1941 in his converging withdrawal to Bataan peninsula. A few bomb-carrying Japanese swam or drived among American vessels under cover of darkness in futile human-torpedo attacks on the crowded ships. Enemy About-faces Only the prompt withdrawal of the Japanese garrison from Lingayen gulf saved it from early destruction, for in no place on the invasion sector did Yamashita have sufficient power to withstand the blow struck by sea, air and land power January 9. While score.s of thousands of U. S. Sixth army troops and hundreds of thousands of deadweight tons of equipment continued to land, General Yamashita essayed a frantic about face of his warriors defending Manila. At some point on the central (Continued on Page 8, No. 1) Yanks Resent Being Called ''GlJoe" New York, Jan. 11. (AP)—After the American soldier has settled accounts with the bugler, and the guy who wakes the bugler up, he may want revenge on whoever coined the term, "GI Joe." William Smith White, AP war correspondent recently returned from assignment with the First army, says: "I don't think it is n very good idea for civilians to refer to a soldier as 'GI Joe.' They use it among themselves, as the slang of the trade, but don't like It applied to them by civilians. It has a slight patronizing tone coming from an outsider. The way to refer to a soldier is to call htm a soldier." Harry Harris, an AP war photographer until recently attached to the First army comments: "To the soldier a GI Joe is the lowest form of human. It's the same as calling him a jerk. They refer to themselves jokingly as "GIs" and sometimes as 'Joes' but not as "GI Joes.' We have the greatest army in the world because they are civilians. And as civilians they don't like to have a laoel like that hung on them." ' Another concurring AP correspondent is Paul Kern Lee, who covered campaigns in North Africa, Sicily and Italy. He says: " 'GI Joe* is used to denote a soldier who followed the rule book right out the window. He is little GI Joseph who did everything ha was suiJposed to do, who had too much spit and polish. It was definitely a term of opprobrium." A spokesman for Yank, the army weekly, had this comment: "The term "GI" is very different from 'GI Joe.' "GI Joe' is strictly a civilian term used by civilian newspapers instead of by 'soldiers. You might call a soldier a 'GI' but you shouldn't call him a 'GI Joe.' We are in large part responsible for the use of 'GI.' We use it to apply to any

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