DAY BY DAY Science says a man becomes what he-eats. We've often wonder- fid how missionaries finally got the cannibals converted. WEATHER Mostly cloudy tonight, with local showers tomorrow and not »o VOL. CXI. No. 193. dally (•x««pt Sandajr) by th» Mall Publishing C«. Entered »• Mcend-claM >n*tt«r at the Hagerstown PoitoMc*. HAGERSTOWN, MD., THURSDAY, AUGUST 17, 1939. SINGLE COPIES, 3 CENTS NAZI - POLISH SHOWDOWN Kuhn Admits Giving Hitler Money $3,000 TAKEN FROM U.S. FOR NAZIRELIEF Bund Chief Denies Brother's i- Influence Brought Him Leadership WASHINGTON, Aug. . 17 (/P)— Fritz Kuhn, leader of the German- American Bund, told the Dies committee today that Attorney General Frank Murphy addressed a Bund meeting in Detroit in 1936 . WASHINGTON, Aug. 17 (#>)— Fritz Kuhn tensely denied before the Dies committee today that the influence of his brother. Justice Max Kuhu of the German supreme court, had played any part in his selection as leader of the German- American Bund. Kuhn was ordered to answer a question of this nature after Chairman Dies (D-Tex) had cut short the witness' vigorous protests that internal affairs of Germany could have no connection with Bund activities in this country. When Kuhn balked several times at answering "yes" or "no" to "queries by Rhea Whitley, for the House committee investigating un- American activities. Representative Thomas (R-NJ) shouted: "Mr. Chairman, this witness is unruly, evasive and making every attempt to evade these questions; 1 want the witness to answer the questions." The committee had recalled Kuhn to the stand today for further infor- (Continued on Page 20) CAR DESTROYED The automobile of a Pennsylvania motorist was destroyed by fire between S and !) o'clock last evening just east of Funkstown. The motorist noticed the blaze in time and succeeded in saving his luggagv.-. The Funkstown Fire Company responded to an alarm and extinguished (he blaze. Drought Hits State Crops Nearly As Bad As In 1930 Says One County Agent. Two consecutive weeks ot dry weather, with relief only in scattered sections of Washington nnd Frederick Counties, have dealt a blow to crop prospects throughout Maryland, the weekly summary of the U. S. Department of Agriculture said today. In several cases, harvests have been pushed ahead by the extreme heat and in other cases, yields have been cut. Early corn, the report said, is being "cut by the prolonged riryness'' and "tomatoes arc scalding in Carroll county." "All vegetation was affected unfavorably by the very warm and dry weather, especially in the east and central divisions where corn is firing, other crops are wilting and pastures are burning up," the report said. Stanley E. Day, Anne Arundel county agent, declared that the long spell of dry weather had injured crop yields "nearly us bad as the drought, of 10:>0." Tho tobacco, corn and hay and pasture crops have boon hard hit, be said. Factory Foreman And Junk Dealer Are Charged With Theft Of Rubber George Baker, Employe Of Southern Shoe Co., And Simon Berkson, Junk Dealer, Under Arrest; Over $2000 Worth Of Scrap Allegedly Stolen Over Period Of Months. The th'eft over a period of months of $2000 worth of scrap rubber from the plant of the Southern Shoe Company, North Mulberry street, was believed cleared up this morning with the arrest of George Baker, 30, a company foreman, and Simon Berksou, 44, local junk deal er. State's Attorney Charles P. Waga- nicin announced the detention of the pair and said that Baker will be charged with larceny and Berkson with receiving stolen goods. Long Investigated. The investigation into, the theft of the rubber started some weeks ago when plant officials reported they had been noticing a shortage of scrap rubber sold. Immediately Captain of Detectives William H. Peters and County Investigator Wayne N. Sellraan took the trail. Early last evening the officers, concealed in a vacant house adjoining the Southern Shoe plant, saw Berkson and Baker transact what the officers contend was a deal for rubber. Prior to today the officers are said to have seen Berkson haul away bales of the scrap from the plant. It was learned that the scran rubber was being sold by Berkson to a local rubber plant, officials of which had no idea it was stolen property, figuring Berkson had purchased same in, the course of his •business. • • When, taken into custody this morning 'Berkson is said' to have had a check for $71186 in his possession which was given him in payment of alleged stolen rubber. Berkson told authorities when questioned that he thought Baker Avas in a position to sell the rubber aud that he had no idea it was stolen goods. However, he is said to have failed to explain why 'he always paid Baker for the rubber after working hours aud purportedly away from the factory. Baker when questioned emphatically denied all knowledge of the alleged thefts and declared he had no part in the disappearance of any rubber. Baker was arrested at the plant this morning. The two men will be formally charged tomorrow and given preliminary hearings, officers said. OBTAIN A SITE FOR CCC CAMP Boonsboro Camp Being Moved To Farm Off Route 40. A site has been secured in Frederick county, about three miles from the city of Frederick, clearing the way for relocating the C.C.C. CM in p. now at Boonsboro, it was learned today. The site, on the farm of Charles E. Klein, has been leased. The lease is for a year with an option for five additional years. A large force of members of the corps is already preparing the land for occupancy. Plans are being made for a roadway into the camp, ibout a mile off the National highway. No protests have been made to the relocation, since the site is in isolated terrain, some distance from homes. The C.C.C. abandoned a proposed site on the outskirts of Frederick because of protests. Navy Seeks Volunteers For Antarctic Journey WASHINGTON. Aug. 17 (/P).— The Navy is asking for about 12ri volunteers to man the historic ship "Boar of Oakland," for a prospective voyage to the Antarctic this fall. It is not sottled yet, officials said today, that the Bear will make the trip with the government expedition to be led by Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd. but the time is so short that the crew must be ready in advance of a decision. Congress authorized the Navy to charter and commission the stout, ftf)-year-old vessel, which went with Ryrd to the Antarctic on his last expedition. ANTI-NOISE LAW GETS FIRST TESJ SILVER SPRING, Md., Aug. 17. (#>).—Philip M. Hamilton likes to sleep on the porch with his radio turned on, but the neighbors object. At 1:30 a. in. yesterday they protested to police. Officers Frank Lane and Paul Watkins responded. Instead of waking Hamilton, however, they crept up and turned off his radio. The silence that followed waked Hamilton. When he found what had happened, he protested to the police. The officers r,eturn- ed with a warrant. Hamilton will go before Magistrate Ralph Shure Tuesday—the first case under Montgomery county's month old anti-noise ordinance, under which a maximum line of ?50 may be imposed. Jackie Coogan Gets $126,000 Accepts Half Of What Remains Of Four Million Earned. YOUTHS ARRESTED Two young Elizabeth street boys wore taken into custody and a stolen bicycle recovered by police this morning. The wheel, stolen from the rear of the Herald-Mail building, belonged to Joseph Poor. 700 block of Washington avenue, and was found by police this morning in the cellar of an Elizabeth street home. The boys will be held for Juvenile Court action. WEATHER 0. is. Weather Bureau Maryland; Mostly cloudy tonight; Friday local showers and not so warm. Chesapeake Ray: Mostly elond> and continued warm tonight; Friday local thundershowers and not quite so warm; gentlo to moderate variable winds, exeept. possible, scattered loral thundersqualls this afternoon and Friday afternoon. Beetles Failing To Enter Ground Traps Will Be Maintained Here Until Pests Go In. Japanese beetle traps in linger? town and the county are to be maintained for a while longer, i' was decided yesterday after a visit of a representative from College- Park. Trap operators here reported that the beetles are still being caught nnd many have as yet failed to go into the ground, as is the custom, usually the first week in August. While final reports on the number of beetles trapped here will not be made until the traps are taken ;n later this month, it. is known thnT severaj hundred thousand have been trapped in City Park and vicinity thus far. This is a large increase over the number caught last year. LOS AXGKLKS. Aug. 17 (./P).— Jackie Coogan, who estimated he earned $-1,000,000 in the days when he was "The Kid" o<" the early Charlie Chaplin comedies, accepted $126.000 today as his share of vhat remains. To his mother," Mrs. Lillian Coogan Bernstein, and his stepfather, Arthur Bernstein, went a similar sum under terms of an agreement approved in superior court. Liquidation of the Coogan-Rern- stein holdings after a preliminary settlement last April disclosed a fortune of $252.000. half of which goes to the 24-year-old actor, half to the Bernsteins. The agreement settled only part of his domestic troubles. His wife, actres Betty Grable, is suing for divorce. Negro Sentenced On Theft Charge Herman Carter, 3 3. colored, of Luray, Va., who was arrested here several days ago on a charge of stealing a suit of clothes from a Luray cleaning establishment, was sentenced to six months in the House of Correction by Magistrate Harry K. Snyder when arraigned in city court this morning. Calvin Kdgar Allen. H5, colored, this city, a companion, was fined $2"> and sentenced to three months in jail, while Albert Campbell, P.4. colored, this city, turned state's evidence in the case and was dismissed. Carter is wanted in Virignia and authorities fro mthaf, state has advised local officers that a detainer will he lodged against him. Kuhn Testifies Fritz Kuhn, fuehrer of the German-American bund, is sworn in as first witness to appear before the Dies committee, in Washington, investigating un-American activities. Kuhn testified he never had been a member of Hitler's Nazi party pe- fore he left Germany. He admitted ordering the bund's membership, lists destroyed to foil investigation. TWO CONVICTS ABDUCTGUARD Model Prisoners Overpower Guard; Seize Couple In Wild Flight CHICAGO, Aiijr. 17 (.zp)—Chicago uid northern Illinois were searched oday for two-convicts who overpowered a prison guard and abducted him and two Ohio tourists n their subsequent flight. The convicts, described as model prisoners by Warden Joseph E. Ragen, were John McGuire, 36, and Charles Emmerson, 37. McGuire vas a trusty at the penitentiary at Toliet from which they escaped yesterday. After slugging the guard and tak- ng his pistol, the convicts forced him into a prison truck and drove nto Jolict. There they drove off n a car which they had forced Robert Lindquist, Jr.. to surrender. Near Chicago Heights they boarded h»; automobile of Mr. nnd Mrs. W. B. Rice, an elderly couple returning to their Bucyrus, O., home after a vacation. McGuire loft the cur in Chicago. Emmerson then forced Rice to Irive about 60 miles northwest. The wild ride ended on the main street, of Belvidere when Rice's car collided with another machine. Emnerson fled on foot after taking $8 ind a coat from Rice. YOUNG WOMAN IS INJURED Miss Catherine Meeks, West Church street, suffered a sprained right elbow and right knee when the automobile in which she was riding with two girl friends figured in a collision at ihe corner of Prospect and Church streets at 10 o'clock this morning. Edith Lesher was driving the one ar while \V. C. Wise, of Orlando. Florida, a tourist, was driving the other. Both claimed they had the green light. With Misses Lesher and Meeks was Miss Dorothy Maciel, West Church street, owner of the car. Motorcycle Officer S. K. Rasorc is investigating the accident. FRAUD TRIAL JURYCONVICTS MAYOR AND 18 Waterbury, Conn. Executive And Others Face Long Prison Terms . WATERBTJRY, Conn., Aug. 17, (/P). — A jury's verdict placed in jeopardy today, the liberty of Mayor Frank Hayes and other members of what a .grand jury c.alled a "ruthless and corrupt band" responsible for looting the treasury of this manufacturing" city through a conspiracy hatched nearly a decade ago. Defrauded City •The verdict, returned by nine men and three women, convicted the 56- year-old bachelor mayor and IS others of conspiring to cheat and defraud the city of over a million dollars through fraudulent payments to city officials, once powerful politicians, lawyers, accountants and contractors. No comment was forthcoming from any of the defense lawyers after the verdict, but Special Prosecutor Hugh M. Alcorn gave newspapermen this one-sentence statement: "In my opinion, no Connecticut jury ever rendered a greater public service." Judge Ernest.A. Inglis, who presided for nearly nine months over Connecticut's longest criminal trial, returned a like verdict in the case of a. 20th defendant who had elected to place his fate in the hands of the court. The 20 convicted men, together with two who pleaded guilty when the trial began November 29 and another who threw himself on the mercy of the court with a nolo con- tendere plea, were ordered to appear before the judge tomorrrnv when, he indicated, they might hear their sentences. The accused are liable to maximum prison terms of five 1o fifteen years, depending on which pt t.wo statutes the judge chooses to invoke. Body Of Woman Found In Trunk Trying To Trace Identity Of Shipper To Atlanta, Ga. ATLANTA, Ga., Aug. 17 (#>).— The body of a woman, only partly i clad, was found in a trunk at the Terminal Railway station. j Frank Donaldson, Terminal employ, said an odor attracted attention to the trunk, which arrived yesterday on a baggage check, with no identification of the shipper or an addressee, from Washington, D. C. The body was clad only in brassiere and bloomers. Railroad authorities, said they would try to trace the identity of the shipper by determining the number of the railroad ticket against which the baggage check was issued. Coroner Paul Donehoo went to the Terminal to start an investiga-j tion. It had not been determined whether there were signs of violence. Detective D. L. Taylor, however, expressed belief she had been killed. Ho reported the victim was dark, with curly hair and apparently from 30 to 35 years old. Nazi Troops Digging In Along Frontier; Co-Leader Detained TO STOP BORING-FROM-W1THIN WARSAW, Aug. 17 (/P).—Rudolf Weisner, co-leader of the German minority party, was under "temporary detention" today and a sweeping Polish campaign against Nazi boring-from-within tactics was predicted. ; Foreign observers regarded detention of the middle-aged German as evidence that Poland is prepared to take firm steps against Nazi leaders within her borders lest relative passivity bring a repetition of Czechoslovakia's 1939 experience with the Sudeten area, where Konrad Henlein was German minority leader. Weisner is considered very open in his Nazi beliefs. He is popularly regarded as ambitious to become the Henlein of the German Minority in Poland, but here, Polish circles insist, the parallel must cease. An official announcement said "several scores" of Germans of Polish citizenship and several German citizens also have been arrested, on charges of "belonging to an espionage and subversive organizations having its headquatrers in the German part of Silesia." The grand total of these arrests is believed to be several hundred, including many at such prominent-Silesian cities as Katowice. German reports of 1,000 arrests are sharply discounted. GERMANY WANTS MORE THAN DANZIG RETURN OF POLAND Hints That Door Is Open For Direct Negotiations, But That Bigger Issue Than Danzig Is At Stake. BERLIN, Aug. 17, (£>).—Guarded hints- were thrown out today that Germany has left the door open to Poland for direct negotiations over Danzig, but that a bigger issue than mere unconditional return of the Free City to Germany is at stake. _ The press indicated Germany would prefer direct dealings with Poland, and denied reports that another "Munich" settlement, involving other powers, was in prospect. Informed Germans said, however, no signs were discernible today that Italian, warnings to Poland to negotiate with Germany had been heeded. The situation remained "unchanged," it was said. Circle close to the government said they considered the time ripe for the settlement of issues involv ing the fate of more than 1,000,000 nationals living in the Polish regions bordering on Germany. These well informed sources said the viewpoint is rapidly gaining ground that Danzig is not enough and that Germany should increase its demands. Danzig was described as no bargaining point at all. Semi-official and controlled press comment was to the effect that it was nobody's business but Ger many's and Poland's to solve the problem of Danzig and Pomorze— the strip of land known as the Polish Corridor which separates German East Prussia from Germany proper, A conference with anyone over Danzig, government spokesmen sail plainly, could be only to discuss the method of handing over the Free City unconditionally to Germany. Circles close to the foreign office and newspaper articles conveyed the growing impression tha? (Continued on Page 10) ONE KILLED DURING CARRIER LAUNCHING BELFAST, Northern Ireland, Aug. 17 (/P).—One woman was killed and six persons injured today when Britain's newest aircraft carrier, the 23,000-ton Fermidable, burst her supporting cradle and made a runaway launching into Belfast lough. The $15,000,000 vessel slid into the water prematurely, hurling blocks of wood supporting her keel among thousands of persons who had gathered for her formal launching. CANTALOUPE v CROP SHORT SENT TO PRISON. RALTIMOUK, Aug. 17 (.4>).—John J. Joyce was sentenced to five years in the penitentiary by Judge J. Abner Sayler after pleading guilty today to speculation of $11.$70 from the insurance company with which he was employed. HOSPITAL HEAD DIES PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 17 (/P)— Dr. Albert Coulson Buckley, fi->, neurologist and superintendent of Friends Hospital, died today. The cantaloupe crop at Boonsboro is about half its usual size this year, growers stated today as they blamed a wet spring and dry summer for the small number of 'lopes now marketable. Too much rain in the spring made replanting necessary in a number of cases and the lack of rain later kept the fruit from maturing. Famous throughout the county, the Boonsboro melons have been on ihe market for nearly a week now. They are seldom shipped far afield is the supply is consumed almost entirely in the vicinity be- iwoon Boonsboro and Road Question Before Boards Washington And F r e d- erick County Commissioners Conferring Today. For the purpose of discussing pro and con all phases of the situation that would arise over resuming control of the lateral roads of their respective counties. County Commissioners of Washington and Frederick counties are today holding a conference in Frederick. Local members, headed by President Wm. C. Maugans, left for Frederick early this morning. .An all-day conference is planned and in all probability both Boards will come to some definite decision on resuming control of the roads. The counties have until September 1 to decide. Sentiment locally is said to be decidedly in favor of the county resuming control. Taxpayers in all sections of the county have been contacted by board members and with few exceptions all were in favor of county control on the expectation that more could be accomplished by such control. Chamber Committee Confers On Leitersburg . . . Bridge Project. The elimination of the hazardous narrow' bridge over the Antietam creek on the Waynesboro road near Leitersburg moved another step nearer realization today as a result of a conference yesterday between the executive committee of the Hagerstown Chamber of Commerce and the State Roads Commission ru Baltimore.' Leo H. Miller, president of the Chamber; said today that the local committee was well received by the Commission members, who admitted that something must be done to eliminate this highway hazard The Commission plans to send an engineer here to make a survey to ascertain how best to solve the problem and to make an estimate of the costs of the project, ' The Chamber committee plans to confer with the Board of County Commissioners at its next meeting. Those making the trip to Baltimore yesterday in addition to Mr Miller, were R. Paul Smith. Merritt Campbell, Roy A. Leiter and William Schaefer. German Engineers,Speeding Up Concrete Trench System CLOSE BORDER Barbed Wire Stretched Over Farms In Upper Silesia. GLEIWITZ, Germany, Aug. 17 (fP). —German troops moving into the Upper Silesian region have "dug in" within 300 feet of Poland's border. A 40-mile ride along the German-Polish, border today showed that with the closing of "a section of the Polish border" yesterday German engineering troops have speeded up work on an already well-developed trench system. From behind blinds 18 feet high erected in the region of the village of Scboenwald, six miles to the south of here came the sound of grinding concrete mixers, the chugging of Diesel engines carrying little material cars, and the sucking of ground water pumps. In the middle of wheat and oat fields dungaree-clad soldiers are digging bombproof shelters and roofing in communication trenches. Driving on the Schoenwald roact to the Polish border patrol house, nine yard-wide stretches'of barbed wire were seen to extend over the rolling farms to th e right and left. Prepare To Stop Tankt Directly behind this maze of wire'stand rusty iron tank obstacles, in the shape of gigantic jacks said to have been taken from the former Czechoslovakia border fortifications. So-called "Spanish horsemen" or concrete tri-pronged tank obstacles are also being placed on the border. Heavy artillery trucks, residents say, are in service around the outskirts of this city, also originally Czechoslovak. A Polish customs agent near the town of Knurow said he had been given no infomation as to why the border here had been closed. "Yesterday afternoon," he said, "our border police came up here and told me that until further orders the border between here and Schoenwald should remain closed." GOVERNMENT TO TAKE COTTON WASHINGTON, Aug. 17 (£>}.— Secretary Wallace announced today the government would take title to more than half of the 11.420,000 bales of cotton held under loans to growers in order to carry out the Cotton-Rubber Exchange.agreement with Great Britain. At the same time, the secretary said the Commodity Credit Corporation would extend government loans on the 193S crop cotton for one year until July 31, 1940. All of the government loans on cotton are on an annual basis and mature July 31. TWO ROW TEN MILES AFTER YACHT SINKS BIKE STOLEN The bicycle of Stanford House, 400 block of North Locust street, was stolen sometime last night from the rear of his home. HIP BROKEN Mrs. Amanda Reall. widow of Daniel Beall, 1015 Pope avenue, suffered a broken hip in a fall down a flight of-stairs at her home this morning. She was removed to the Washineton County Hospital. Drop Many W. P. A. Workers In State BALTIMORE. Aug. 17, (.4 s ).—Dis-• missal of 5.000 Maryland W.P.A. workers by the end of this month was forecast today by administra tion officials with the announcement that more than l.SOO already have been dropped in compliance! with the new Federal "IS month j limit" order. ! The order, approved by Congress last month, provides that all workers employed IS months or more shall be replaced with new eligibles from the relief lists. Harry D. Williar, Jr., deputy state J administrator, said more than 1,000 j had been dropped in Baltimore in i the last two weeks; 173 in the Salts- i bury area and 6S2 in the Fred- j erick area. He estimated that more than half the 5,000 slated for dismissal be from Baltimore. OCEAN CITY, Md., Aug., 17 (/P). A 90-foot pleasure yacht lay at the bottom of the Atlantic ocean today as two men, its crew, replenished their wardrobe, sunk with the boat late last night ten miles off the coast of this resort. The men, sole occupants of the pleasure yacht Dixie, New York, rowed the ten miles ashore after the craft struck a floating object and sank. They were John Hendrickson, New York, captain, and Charles Butler, New York, engineer. FLASHLIGHT FOUND Police rushed to the South. Potomac street Junior High building last evening on receiving report of a light being seen inside and found a burning flashlight; which evidently was left behind by some intruder. Nothing was found disturbed in the building. SOFT MUSIC, PLEASE, AKRON, O., Aug. 17 (jpj— A little soft music please, maestro, for tht opening of Akron's newest law ilrm. The firm name is "Hart* A Flmvrs." ,1.
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