Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 5, 1949 · Page 14
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 14

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, January 5, 1949
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Page 14
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EDITORIALS Proposal to Revamp State Government Stirs Interest A recent editorial in this space on the **• desirability of a shorter ballot and the need of a reorganization of state government along lines which would place greater responsibility, with appropriate accountability, in the governor has prompted a good bit of comment. Some of it has appeared in other newspapers and some of it has taken the form of personal letters from persons interested in public affairs out over the state. Up to this time—and we stress the "up to this time"—all of it has been favorable. As a sample of the reaction, we are drawing on the letter received from one able and widely known lowan who in an important non-elective position a few years ago was privileged to see the operations of the state government from an inside point of view. *TT is patently absurd," he wrote, "for the sclec- tion of routine administrative officers—like the secretary of state, auditor and treasurer—to be taken out of the hands of the governor, whereas he is vested with the power to appoint the directive heads of far more important agencies that have grown up since the state constitution was drafted in 1857. "Similarly, there is no more reason to elect members of the commerce commission than to use the same method of choosing members for your own board of education. "Moreover, this irrational system is lifted to the level of a positive evil by the device of the executive council, which exercises very considerable powers without being truly responsible to the governor, who can neither appoint nor remove the four other members that have individual votes which are each the equal of his own. "The danger of this divided executive re- iponsibility would become apparent, if the voters were ever to elect a governor of 1 party and 3 council members of another political persuasion, "•OUT if you are going to tackle the reorganization of our Topsy-like state government, why itop with the executive branch? Two other basic reforms seem to me to be over-due. "Have you ever considered the 'rotten borough' composition of our legislature, which makes it anything but a representative assembly? Amendments passed in 1904 and 1928 have saddled us with a system that prevents any county, however populous, from -having more than 1 out of 50 senators and more than 2 out of 108 representatives. "This means that in the lower house Adams county, with about 10,000 people, has half the voice of Polk county, with about 200,000 people. •'To state the same fact differently: Each resident of Adams county has 10 times as much representation in the lower chamber of the Iowa General Assembly as each resident of Polk county. "To lesser degree, the same evil exists with reference to the Senate. In that body, Lee county has one senator for 40,000 people and Polk has the same number for 200,000 people. An even more glaring case is that of Mahaska county, which has its own senator for 26,000 people, whereas your own county—Cerro Gordo, with-more than 45,000 people—must share a state senator with Hancock and Franklin counties, making a total population in the 43rd senatorial district of 75,000 population. "Hence, your voice in the Iowa senate is approximately a third that of any person who happens to live in Mahaska county. Generally speaking, eastern Iowa is unconscionably over-represented in the senate, v/hich is no doubt a holdover from the pioneer period when the bulk of the state's population was concentrated in that •rea. "AND while we're reforming things, why not " take the judiciary out of politics (at least out of elective politics) and adopt the practice that has worked better than satisfactorily in the federal sphere? Why not appoint supreme court justices and district court judges for life, or at least for long terms? "It has never seemed to me desirable that members of the judiciary should be swept onto or off the bench by reason of tidal shifts in party fortunes, that have no proper relationship to the administration of justice. "The dignity of the courts and the respect for Judicial process are not enhanced by the party tags we place on our jurists." As a possible procedure for bringing these reforms in state government to pass, the writer of this letter offered this suggestion: "I doubt that the changes could be accomplished during the administration of the governor who proposed them. But he would acquire a pow- trful sounding-board for expounding the need, and would be in a strategic position to organize a grass-roots educational campaign spearheaded oy veterans' groups, civic groups and women's clubs. "Personally, I incline to the belief that a governor should first have the entire state government surveyed in a contemporary version of Herring's Brookings institution report; that this survey should then form the basis of statewide discussion; and that, finally, a constitutional convention should be called." Toward Democracy AMERICANS will approve Monday's •**• house action barring the rules committee from pigeon-holing bills it happens not to like. This is in the direction of "rule by the majority," which is the very essence of democracy. Abolishing the seniority rule for committee membership is the next evil needing •ome attention. Look Out Below! ETERNAL "TRIANGLE" IT'S BEEN SAID: Successfully to accomplish any task it is necessary not only that you should give it the best there is in you, but that you should obtain for it the best there is in those under your guidance.—George W. Goethals. Election of the reactionary Kenneth McKellei- to the post of president pro tern of the senate throws just a little doubt on the progressive attitude of that body of law-makers. It has always seemed to us that in most of our eating establishments, they get the accent on the last syllable when you order a minute steak. A northeastern Iowa editor set New Year's day as his marriage date. He wanted always to be able to remember his wedding anniversary. One of our colleagues comments on the fact that even the woman who complains of having nothing to wear takes so long to put it on. Safety Memo: Laws protect; pay them respect. Pros and Cons Gleaned From Our Exchanges Some Interesting Viewpoints Farmers Get a Break Hampton Chronicle: The Iowa supreme court has reversed itself on a decision handed down several months ago, xvherein it rendered an opinion that the law passed by the Iowa legislature giving certain tax exemptions to farm land of 10 acres and over in school districts which had been forced to levy a tax all out of reason with farm lands located in more fortunate located school districts, was unconstitutional. Why Borrow When You Have the Cash? Sibley Gazette-Tribune: Governor Blue has recommended that the soldier's bonus be paid out of current funds instead of issuing bonds. Sounds like good economical horse sense. Why not pay as we go, instead of borrowing all of these millions. Iowa has the cash and should save the needless cost of borrowing the money. Marshall a Sick Man LaCrosse Tribune: Secretary of State George Marshall is not expected back on the firing line for weeks, if at all. His progress since an operation at Walter Reed hospital was satisfactory but the grueling punishment that has fallen on his shoulders since he took his oath of office suggests convalescence will be slow. What Makes Business Uneasy Creston News Advertiser: One thing which these persons in government seem to overlook is that business, along with the individual, is operating in an economic atmosphere that makes business uneasy. What may look like a pretty fail- profit now can soon be wiped out if volume drops down. The Last Resort? Humboldt Republican: The 'pastor announced one Sunday that the collections were not adequate. "We have tried," he said, "to raise the money in the usual manner. We have made an honest effort. Now we are going to hold a bazaar." Strange Form of Fun Iowa Falls Citizen: "I had no youth," confesses Senator Vandenberg, "I went to work when I was 9, and I never got a chance to enjoy myself until I came to the senate." Sufferinkatz! What some people will do for a "good time!" Never Again Cedar Rapids Gazette: Only one thing can console the millions of ordinary people for what they lost in the war. That is some reasonably reliable assurance that they won't be called on to make such sacrifices again. Reckless Driving Sioux City Journal: Reckless driving ought to be punished so severely that all motorists in the immediate vicinity would be impressed and a contribution made to safer traffic. Observing Report on George Eaton ^ am sure readers at Clarion §ji and Forest City—where he has served as school superintendent—will be interested in this little report on George Eaton. Since last August, Mr, Eaton has been heading up the vocational training program at the state hospital and school for handicapped children at Woodward. Since Dr. George L. Wadsworth took over as superintendent of the institution last February, many changes in policies and methods have been initialed. Chief of these is an increased emphasis on the social service d$- partment. One fruit of this has been the placing of more than 100 children in homes and employment since August. A legislator after a visit to Woodward recently made this observation: "We were extremely pleased with the seriousness and fine attitude of all the department heads and other people connected with the institution, a spirit that will bring better living for the unfortunates of our state." Mr. Eaton was formerly superintendent of the school for the blind at Vinton. On leaving Forest City some 5 years ago, he became head o£ the school system at Colfax. Iowa's Traffic Fatalities ^ am not proud of our state's. ' "»& 1948 record with respect to traffic fatalities. Whereas the nation as a whole bettered its showing for the previous year, Iowa had 10 more deaths from highway accidents in 1948 than in the previous year. The totals were 559 against 549. Surely if we resolve right now—and mean it—we can do better in the year ahead. To Your Health! Roving Reporter Editorial of the Day HEALTH RESOLUTIONS O S AGE PRESS: This is the time of year when we are most apt to take stock of ourselves, check up on our short-comings and resolve to do better. One of the best New Year's resolutions we can make is to insure our good health in the months ahead by following sound health habits. A regular yearly physical examination is an excellent form of health insurance. The various tests which the doctor makes can reveal disease long before the individual is aware of anything wrong and will allow him to treat the disease before it has had time to gain a strong hold. In the same way, a twice-yearly dental checkup and the treatment of minor dental ailments, may save much unnecessary pain and expense. Maintaining good health calls for a sufficient amount of rest every night, the avoidance of overwork and overplay. The number of hours of sleep necessary varies with the individual but the average adult feels best when he sleeps 8 hours in every 24, Proper diet is one of the most important factors in building and maintaining health. The everyday diet should include such basic foods as milk, butter, and other fats; eggs, meat or fish; fresh fruits and vegetables; bread and other cereal foods. Good personal health habits demand daily bathing and the washing of hands before every meal. Last but not least, we should all spend some time each day in the open air, and take some form of exercise, suited to our age and physical condition. Rest, good food, fresh air, exercise, personal cleanliness and regular physical check-ups will pay health dividends, not only in 1949 but in years to come. Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO W. D. Gibson of Rockwell was named chairman of the Cerro Gordo county supervisors' board in the annual organization meeting. Charles R. Patton of Mason City was elected chairman of the purchasing committee and Ray D. Robbins _of Clear Lake was selected to direct the manage- "ment of the county home and insane hospital. 20 YEARS AGO Sheriff G. E. Cress won the handball championship of Mason City in a lightning-fast game with Mose Robinson. The sheriff won 3 out of 4 games. Cress had his best luck with shots over his opponent's head into the back court while Robinson was best on his low corner kill shots. 30 YEARS AGO The Grace Evangelical Sisterhood rnet yesterday afternoon at the home of the pastor, The Rev. Mr. Orth with 14 members present. Election of officers ensued with results as follows: Mrs. Steiner, president; Mrs. Schees, vice president; Mrs. Brown, secretary and Mrs. Uschner, treasurer. It was decided to change f,he name of the Sisterhood to the Grace Evangelical Ladies' Aid. 40 YEARS AGO The county officials said goodbye to their first terms in office today and made their debut as 2nd termers, except Sheriff Holdren who enters his 3rd term, C. E. Somers who begins his first term as supervisor and J. C. Robinson as attorney. The bonds of the officials were filed with the supervisors who spent all the day looking them over. By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. BAD BREATH? SEE DOCTOR I T is unfortunate, but true nevertheless, that bad odor to the breath rarely causes a person to seek his physician's advice, and as a result it leaves behind a lot of unpleasant thoughts. "What we should all know is that in order to get rid oC this condition, a thorough study is necessary to determine its cause in most cases, as only by removal of the cause is it possible to permanently eliminate the disturbance. The most common cause o[ bad breath is infection around the teeth. This usually develops as a result of improper mouth care. Food collects around the gum edges and, as a result of the action of the germs, the at- DR. BUNDESEN tachment of the teeth to the surrounding tissues is destroyed. Then pockets form in which infected material collects. Of course, this condition should be treated by a dentist. Another condition which may cause bad breath, is trench mouth. As a rule, this is an acute infection accompanied, during part of the time at least, by some fever and a feeling of sickness. However, the disorder may be chronic and persist over a long period of time. If it is present, treatment with penicillin will usually eliminate it. An inflammation of the mouth, known as ulcerative stomatitis, may occur as a result of complication of throat conditions and cause halitosis. This disorder is treated with antiseptic substances and usually can be eliminated. Mouth infection sometimes may occur as a result of poor nutrition, particularly from a lack of vitamin C. Of course this, too, will lead to a bad odor of the breath and can be corrected by making sure that all of the necessary food parts are obtained. In adults, bad breath or halitosis is often due to an infection in the back part of the nose. This should be suspected if the lining membrane of the throat is dry and congested. Chronic bronchitis or inflammation of the tubes in the lungs is also a cause of bad odor of the breath. Still another cause is improper action of the stomach. This should be suspected as a cause if there are other symptoms, such as loss of appetite and excess gas formation. The bad odor of the breath in these cases is most noticeable early in the morning. Bad breath may be produced by various foods, such as onions or garlic, as well as by smoking. In practically all instances, the cause of the halitosis can be found and, what is equally important, it can be eliminated. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS P. S.: "What causes one breast to be larger than the other? Answer: It is not unusual for one breast to be larger than the other. No treatment is necessary for this condition. HAI, BOYLE Hal Boyle of the AP FIREPLACE OVER TELEVISION N EW YORK, (#>)—My problem, Mr. Anthony, is what is happening to the American home? What's that, Mr. Anthony? You want me to step a little closer to the microphone? Yes, sir, Mr. Anthony, how's that? Now, why I am worried about the American home? Yes, sir, I'll be as brief as I can. You see, Mr. Anthony, the other day I rend how some architects were suggesting that living -—^P— •-•" rooms of the future should be F ^^|BB$&w ' centered around the television f ^•llP^'ll&fe set rather than the fireplace. And I got to thinking what that -would mean. Because the fireplace has been the center ol ! home life ever since the first caveman clashed 2 flint rocks together—and the first warming spark flew. Can you pop corn over a television set, Mr. Anthony? Could Abraham Lincoln have read his Bible by its light? And w h e n shivering visitors come into the American house of the future ou a cold day, Mr. Anthony, will mama say: "Throw another log on the video, pa, our guests are cold?" I hate to be old-fashioned about this. But I'm a fireplace fan. And what they've been doing to th<3 American home in the last 50 years shouldn't happen to a doghouse. Sure, year by year it is getting more comfortable—they say. Is it though, really? Is it actually any healthier to live in than the big spacious houses our forefathers built? Mr. Anthony, I think the answer is no. Space is as important to a family's well-being as an automatic thermostat. And the house of today is so small that when a man comes in and slams his front door the calendar falls off the wall in the kitchen. Remember the large dining rooms of the past, Mr. Anthony and how the big families used to feast in the mand cheerfully thresh out the day's worries? What happened to them? Now they are building more and more houses without dining rooms. Instead they throw in another bathroom, or just shrink down the house, so you'd think it was a hostel for midgets. Now, what I want to know, Mr. Anthony, is: Can't we do something to keep the brave new world out of what is left of our living room? Home is after all our refuge from the world, not our window to it, If we have to center one room around a television set—and I realize we eventually will— can't me make it another room? I suggest the bathroom, because that certainly would cut down arguments over which program to switch it to. That, Mr. Anthony, is my problem—to preserve peace of mind in the home by putting the television set where ;i man can take it or leave it alone. They'll Do If Every Time By Jimmy Hatlo I RED TOOK MV BASKETBALL.'HE SAID ITS HIS/ AND WHEN ITOLP HIM I WAS GONNA TELL y00 HE SAID HIS FATHER IS JUST WAITING FOR you TO START SOME- LETS NOT BE HASTV- GO SACK AND ASK HIM FOR IT ONCE MORE- yoU'RE SURE. IT IS yOJ ARE you ? W'lOSE SIDE ARE you ON? you GO OUT AND GET IT/ PEACE-LOVING POP IS INJTHEMIDDLEA6AIN/J WE'S60TTOFI6HT, 'EITHER MOM OR. RED'S FATHER. REMEMBER WHEN \ JUNIOR FOUND THE BALL IN THE FIRST PLACE. ? EFFIE SURE ,TOLD OFF THAT MAN \VHO TRIED TO CLAIM )T« KJ A rorr. mi. KIKC. rrnTUP.r.!' y JuST BEFORE TiHE FIRE- WORKS-THANX AND A TiP OF THE HATL° HAT LOUIS AfJO SUSAfJ MS 6 RAW, " RAMSEV, NEvJ JERSE/ Information, Please! 1. Do things weigh more or less at the equator than they do at the North Pole? 2. Hard coal is called anthracite. What is soft coal called? 3. Who wa^s the most famous nurse in. history? 4. What nations are permanent members of the United Nations security council? 5. What 5 days are legal holidays in all the states? Answers—1. They weigh less at the equator because a difference in. the pull of gravity makes things weigh more at the earth's extremities than at its middle, 2. Bituminous. 3. Florence Nightingale. 4. United States, United Kingdom, France, China, and the U. S. S. R. 5. New Year's, Washington's Birthday, July 4, Thanksgiving and Christmas. Illinois Numbers Game 4 don't know what the exact ^ situation is in Iowa but over in Illinois, folks who are choosy about their license number are causing the motor vehicle department no end of bother. That office now is in the process of sorting through 200,000 special requests for 1949 plates which correspond to telephone numbers, house addresses, service serial numbers, lucky numbers, or poker combinations. ' Thousands of hopeful motorists each year demand license plates in 2, 3 or 5 figures because they voted right, because they know someone in the secretary of stale's office, or because they are a person of influence in their own bailiwick. r> The first 200 numbers in Illinois have been going to the same state officials, dignitaries and pioneer families in the state for a generation. These ar<-. not up for grabs. Every Illinois secretary of state, republican or democratic, has had the chore of appeasing automobile owners. Count Your Blessings 4 suspect that the average S^-reader looking back on his or her own Christmas dinner will find it interesting to compare with what Christmas week brought to the average Briton and German: Meat—British, about 12 ounces, except ham which is almost unobtainable, roughly a shilling's worth; German, 4 ounces. Bread—British, unrationed; German, 2 1/5 ounces. Fats—British, 8 ounces, of which butter averages 3 ounces and the rest is margarine; German, 7 ounces. Eggs—British, 1 and occasionally 2 weekly; German, unrationed and plentiful. Sugar—British, 10 ounces; German, 12 ounces. (During the Christmas week British received 8 extra ounces of sugar and 2 extra ounces of candy, plus removal of ration points for jam.) Milk—British, 2J. pints for an adult to 12-14 pints for babies and invalids; German, li pints. THE DAY'S BOUQUET To THE MASON CITY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE—for excellent service to this community in 1948, paving the way for arrival of new industries, assisting existing commercial establishments here with their problems and providing a means whereby business and professional men of the community may unite in support of worthwhile projects. Did You Know? What is the meaning: of false dawn? False dawn is: a term applied to a faint light on the eastern horizon some time before dawn. It Is a zodiacal light, supposed to be due to sunlight reflected from fine particles of matter entirely outside th« earth's atmosphere. Who invented the electric ear? Miller Reese Hutchinson of Mobile, Ala., is credited with the invention of the first electric hearing aid. It was known as the Akouyhone. Is the custom of decorating graves with flowers of recent or ancient origin? The custom o£ decorating graves with flowers is a very ancient one. Early Christians made wreaths of flowers from various materials and gave them to the church as a memorial to the dead. Egyptians adorned their mummies with flowers. Mourners carried flowers in their hands. The ancient Athenians fashioned wreaths of thin gold and placed them in graves. AVhcn was the first telephone switchboard established? The first switchboard was established in New Haven, Conn., Jan. 28, 1878. It served 8 lines. There were 21 telephones connected with it. Who was JVIaj. P. J. Prctorius? Maj. Pretorius (1877-1945), a native of the Union of South Africa, was a famous army officer and hunter of that country. One of his most famous exploits was' locating the famous German cruiser Koenigsberg, which in 1914 after sinking and burning British merchantmen ofC the coast of East Africa and along the trade routes to India, had taken refuge in the Rufiji river cleverly camouflaged with jungle vegetation. Major Pretorius carefully plotted its exact location for naval artillery fire and was essentially responsible for its destruction. Where is Christmas island? There are at least 3 Christmas islands. One, the largest atoll in the Pacific, lies just north of the equator in midocean. Another lies about 200 miles south of Java in the Indian ocean. A 3rd is a tiny island in Bras d'Or Lake, Nova Scotia, Canada. Are there wild oysters on the market? Wild oysters are now scarce. The present day oysters are chiefly the product of planting, transplanting and cultivating. It wns the Chinese who developed the method of underwater farming for the culture of oyster beds. Is there more than one poslof- ficc in the United States named Santa Claus? Santa Glaus, Ind., is the only postoffice entitled to bear this name. Under a law enacted by congress, no other state may apply for and receive a "Santa Claus" postoffice. Many states have sought to establish one. Please give the origin of the word "disaster." It is derived from 2 Latin words meaning, "the stars arc against you," the word "star" being taken in the astrological sense of rle.stiny, fortune or fate. How manj- pores are there in Today's Birthday By AP Newsfeatures JOHN "JOHNNY" LUJACK, born Jan. 4, 1925, at Connellsville, Pa., son of a boilermaker and the youngest of 4 boys all of whom were athletes. In h i g h school Johnny turned down an offer from the Pittsburgh Pirates as well as 35 scholarships preferring Notre Dame, where he became quarterback. He was chosen on the Associated Press All-American teams of 1946 and 1947 and played the 1948 season with the Chicago Bears. the body? The number of pores in the human body has been estimated at more than 2 billion. When ami where was the wife of the president of Argentina born? Dona Maria Eva Duarte de Peron is reported to have been born on May 7, 1919, at Los Toldos, Argentina. By 1944 she was a star of radio and motion pictures. She married Peron in 1945. l>o astronomers slill observe the heavenly bodies by looking through telescopes as they used to do or has this practice been superseded by photography? Modern astronomers spend little or no time looking through telescopes. Instead, they photograph. Does the FBI pay for itself by saving the nation money? j n the 10 years ended June 30, 1947, fines, savings and recoveries in cases investigated by the FBI amounted to $348,923,811 while the total cost of operating the FBI totaled $275,289,000. Mason City Globe-Gazette AN A. W. LEE NEWSI'APElt Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone 3BOO Entered as second class matter April 12, 19.10, at the postofflce at Mason City, Ic. ..a, under the act ot March 3, 1879. LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL liALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER Adv. Mgr. Tuesday. Jan. 4, 194D MEMBER ASSOCIATE!) HjCtSS which Is exclusively entitled to uso for repub- licntlon of nil local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clear Lake (Carrier Delivery Limits) One year $13.00 One week 25 Outside Mason City and Clear Lake But Within 100 Miles of Mason City By mall 1 ycnr $ 9.00 By mall 6 months 4.75 By carrier per week .25 Outside 100 MHo Zone by Mall Only One year »12.00 Six months c.. r >n Three months n.M)

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